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Crossword clues for rock

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a boat rocks (=moves from side to side in the water)
▪ The little boat was rocking in the wind.
a music/jazz/rock etc fan
▪ Jazz fans are in for a treat at this year’s Montreux Jazz Festival.
a pop/rock star
▪ Who’s your favourite pop star?
a pop/rock/jazz group
▪ They’re one of the most exciting pop groups around at the moment.
a pop/rock/jazz/classical concert
▪ There were 150,000 people at the rock concert in Frankfurt.
a rock garden (=a garden with rocks that have plants growing between them)
▪ She helped me choose plants for the rock garden.
a rock/jazz etc band
▪ He's the saxophonist in a jazz band.
a rock/pop/jazz/folk festival
▪ He's appeared at folk festivals all over Europe.
hard rock
Northern Rock
pop/rock/classical etc music
▪ Johnny Cash was one of country music’s greatest stars.
rock 'n' roll
▪ Elvis, the king of rock ‘n’ roll
rock and roll
rock bottom
▪ My personal life had hit rock bottom.
rock climbing
rock face
rock garden
rock music
rock pool
rock salt
rock/cloud formation
▪ the canyon’s impressive rock formations
▪ She rocked the cradle to quieten the child.
rocking chair
rocking horse
rock/mountain climbing
sing/rock/lull sb to sleep (=make someone sleep by singing etc)
▪ She was usually able to rock the baby back to sleep quite quickly.
solid as a rock (=extremely solid)
▪ The frame is as solid as a rock.
▪ One little plant grew at the foot of an old, bare rock.
▪ The body that had been photographed with a definite cometary tail in 1949 was now a bare rock.
▪ Most of Lewis is acid peat bog, and much of Harris bare rock.
▪ It had taken three months to excavate down to the bare rock.
▪ As the tank lurched away the shape ignited on a surface of bare rock, blasting it to pieces.
▪ And if we examine the bare rock at the base of the grassy hill we discover carved spirals.
▪ With so much tree growth over the years it is impossible to identify the bare rocks of the engraving.
▪ But in places the bare rock is showing and the joints have been enlarged by chemical solution.
▪ It wasn't too bad in the quarry with its great walls of rock.
▪ Nothing could be accomplished until a great wall of rocks and earth was thrown up to hold back the raging waters.
▪ Clearly a great variety of rock types would result.
▪ When all had been chopped off he disposed of the one that was immortal by burying it securely under a great rock.
▪ There were great rocks on the road and thin mist seemed to cling to everywhere.
▪ Her name was Gayelette, and she lived in a handsome palace built from great rocks of ruby.
▪ Still, it's a magnificent place, perched on a great rock jutting out into the sea and with commanding views.
▪ But Jason withstood the fearful creatures as a great rock in the sea withstands the waves.
▪ It is very difficult dealing with fractures and dislocations which have happened on fairly hard rock climbs.
▪ Its overhanging walls provide a number of hard rock climbs.
▪ They still play honest hard rock, but now it sounds fresher and has thousands of hard edges.
▪ The harder rocks stand out as ledges, the softer ones form steep slopes.
▪ In an area with such rapid changes in temperature as to erode hard rock into sand, soft shells would not have survived.
▪ Erosion of hard rocks is usually very different.
▪ Differential erosion of the rocks has resulted in the hard rocks being left as peaks separated by deeply eroded valleys and ravines.
▪ She felt as if she were lying naked on a hot rock, stretching languorously towards the sun.
▪ This occurs because rifting of the lithosphere allows hot mantle rock to move towards the surface.
▪ The Department of Energy estimates that 10 percent of our electricity could come from hot dry rock in 125 years' time.
▪ The hot rocks technique holds out the best hope for exploitation of geothermal energy.
▪ Thus it is very well developed on fine-grained basic igneous and metamorphic rocks.
▪ In the same way, the earmarks of igneous rocks are their mineralogy, textures, and structures.
▪ These formed hard igneous rocks which have resisted erosion.
▪ Though igneous rocks are not layered, as sediments are, they too have characteristics that place them in time.
▪ Which are these hills of igneous rocks?
▪ Many of these materials are what we would call igneous rocks if we were to find them on Earth.
▪ Auger spectroscopy of igneous and metamorphic rocks has shown fine films of carbon covering grain boundaries.
▪ Figure 3-17 shows graphically the division of igneous rocks according to their mineral content and their grain size.
▪ Thus it is very well developed on fine-grained basic igneous and metamorphic rocks.
▪ The identification of a metamorphic rock depends largely on recognition of foliation and other textures.
▪ The area also contains important sedimentary sequences, and the metamorphic rocks of the Dalradian Super-Group at the Highland Boundary.
▪ That time has been shown to be appreciably later than the original formation of the rock for metamorphic and plutonic rocks.
▪ Auger spectroscopy of igneous and metamorphic rocks has shown fine films of carbon covering grain boundaries.
▪ Mostly granite and metamorphic rock, it has been heated, stirred and compressed for millions and sometimes billions of years.
▪ Extensive areas within continental platforms are formed of basement, a complex of metamorphic and igneous rocks of Palaeozic or Precambrian age.
▪ The same structural features, sometimes less easily recognized, are found in igneous and metamorphic rocks.
▪ One little plant grew at the foot of an old, bare rock.
▪ They now have rocks galore, probably the oldest rocks ever examined, sitting on their home territory.
▪ The oldest Tertiary rocks contained archaic mammals that bore no resemblance to the living families within the class.
▪ In the older Secondary rocks there seemed to be no mammals at all, only bizarre reptiles.
▪ The oldest rocks found on the Earth's surface are about the same age as the youngest rocks found on the Moon.
▪ This makes them the oldest rocks on the Moon.
▪ At the bottom of the Grand Canyon the oldest rocks of all are exposed in a gorge lined with vertical cliffs.
▪ Elsewhere old rock is swallowed up where plates come together.
▪ Her first adventures in the music business found her tiptoeing round the edges of punk rock.
▪ A: I like punk rock.
▪ It reminds me of when punk rock used to be somewhat threatening.
▪ There is already evidence that mining corporations are interested in probing beneath the sedimentary rocks to find new deposits.
▪ Oil, gas, and coal, composed of organic carbon compounds, are found as economic deposits in sedimentary rocks.
▪ It was formed by the heating and crushing of shale, a sedimentary rock which has hardened from mud.
▪ On Earth, the deposit of sedimentary rock at the bottom of the ocean is part of larger geological cycles.
▪ Limestone Any sedimentary rock consisting essentially of carbonates.
▪ As the microcontinents collided, they piled up the sedimentary rock along their shores into mountain belts.
▪ The sedimentary rocks, with their coal seams, have been folded and faulted.
▪ But they did not connect their ideas to the much earlier extinctions recorded in sedimentary rocks.
▪ It was as solid as rock.
▪ It marked the point where the solid rock of the mantle changed into molten iron.
▪ Skipper Alan Kernaghan again led by example, with Nicky Mohan solid as a rock alongside him.
▪ It was simply not admissible that something as blatantly solid as a rock could have come from the heavens.
▪ From water level as you approach through the rock garden it looks like one solid rock barrier.
▪ When the cofferdams were finished, the engineers turned to the next task-stripping the canyon abutments to expose fresh clean solid rock.
▪ Mr Glen said the bypass would have to be blasted out of solid rock.
▪ From above, the sandstone looks like solid rock, terminating at a 20-foot cliff.
▪ Most volcanic rocks contain some phenocrysts - they are a bit like the pips in raspberry jam.
▪ But it has endured because it was constructed of brick and volcanic rock between 1783 and 1792.
▪ RioFinex examined the Ordovician volcanic rocks of County Tyrone for base metals but found only minor intersections of low-grade copper mineralisation.
▪ Warped and folded Paleozoic strata and reddish Tertiary volcanic rocks are capped with dark Quaternary basalt flows.
▪ Thus the volcanic rocks formed are drastically different from their oceanic counterparts.
▪ The important properties of these three principal volcanic rock groups can be summarized in simple tables.
▪ These are frequently associated with volcanic rocks of oceanic type.
▪ The codename was chosen because rhyolite is a volcanic rock containing colourful pieces of quartz set in a mass of crystals.
▪ And hard labour ... the railway navvies remembered by a rock band.
▪ He went on to form one of the most successful rock bands in the world.
▪ And it is the freak subversive genius of this record that makes them the single most important rock band of our time.
▪ Indeed, he was both an amateur painter and a musician in a rock band that met at weekends.
▪ Well-known acts with an ill-fitting country label now range from old-fashioned southern rock bands to pure folk singers.
▪ No-one ever called the Clash a punk rock band.
▪ At the time, I thought one had hit rock bottom.
▪ With her spirits at rock bottom, Fabia got ready for bed.
▪ But this time he does seem to have hit rock bottom.
▪ The 28-year-old mechanical engineer's fortunes took a dramatic twist midway through last season when his career hit rock bottom.
▪ Resilience is highest at the beginning of the new school year and hits rock bottom in February.
▪ Ogmore to Barry beach sport hit rock bottom.
▪ For those keeping score, that's rock bottom in 6 of 10 categories.
▪ I went canoeing, rock climbing and abseiling.
▪ Although largely unknown in Britain, Lafaille has an impressive rock climbing curriculum vitae.
▪ The blatant placing of a bolt in a Lakeland mountain crag produced considerable reaction throughout the rock climbing fraternity.
▪ Indeed, there is now little or none of the traditional progression or interweaving of rock climbing and other mountain activities.
▪ Five star rating Outward Bound centre - canoeing, caving, rock climbing pony trekking etc.
▪ On the way to the camp we passed a boulder where Tony and I competed for rock climbing idiot of the evening.
▪ There she will put her courage and dexterity to the test rock climbing, abseiling, sea kayaking, and canoeing.
▪ In summer tourists can go rock climbing or walking.
▪ Earlier, 150,000 people were at a rock concert in Frankfurt.
▪ Think of rock concerts where they have those banks of giant speakers grouped together on the stage.
▪ The typical kind of modern spectacle, like a modern rock concert, has reached its limits.
▪ He is presently covering rock concerts for Kendal council who are hosting an exhibition of his work later in the year.
▪ Match receipts slumped by £89,000 compared to 1991, but profits were boosted by staging two Simply Red rock concerts.
▪ Large conventions are spectacular rock concerts are held in the 12,000 seat Arena.
▪ The path down to the beach was a precarious one, tiny steps hewn out of the sheer rock face.
▪ The heat-seekers would be drawn by the steaming wound in the rock face, Defries realized; they'd ignore Daak.
▪ The body in its shroud of ice stayed fixed to the rock face.
▪ Steve had to fix a belay around a boulder while the porters lowered barrels, bags and sacks down the rock face.
▪ Below the bushes lay a ledge and then a sheer rock face plunging forty feet to the clay-reddened lake.
▪ Their nest was a bit like an overgrown wren's nest - a pile of moss fixed on to the rock face.
▪ Soon he reached the top where the hills levelled out and stretched to the hard rock face of the towering cliffs.
▪ Outside and in, the rock face has been transformed into a quarry for giant busts.
▪ Massive rock formations, mountains and deep canyons present splendid views of nature's work.
▪ Rent a jeep to get out on to small tracks which uncover some beautiful waterfalls and rock formations.
▪ Above: The distinctive rock formation of the Trinnacle, at Ravenstones.
▪ Bernice was fascinated by rock formations.
▪ Britain is geologically interesting because it contains many different rock formations containing a large range of metals.
▪ The water was dark blue but in places dark green where underwater rock formations subtly changed the colour.
▪ The valley has wooded slopes and attractive rock formations.
▪ What you mainly see are stalactites, stalagmites and other rock formations, excellent of their kind.
▪ They are bright and enchanting and look superb in a rock garden, at the front of a border or in pots.
▪ From water level as you approach through the rock garden it looks like one solid rock barrier.
▪ The initial approach starts right of centre and works diagonally left through the rock garden.
▪ She would buy white wrought-iron pieces with delicate tracery, and set them there, by the rock garden.
▪ Rare trees and shrubs, bluebells, rock garden. 3 wheelchairs available.
▪ The smaller kinds of daffodils and tulips are ideally suited to the rock garden or dry bed.
▪ Larch and spruce shelter nature's own rock garden with the forest floor carpeted with many species of wild flowers.
▪ Best used alone rather than in mixed bedding, in rock gardens, containers, &038; clumps at front of borders.
▪ She was the lead singer in an all-girl rock group.
▪ U2 are a four piece rock group stretching the possibilities of that line-up to the new and accessible levels.
▪ Strawberry and the Sensations Strawberry and the Sensations are a rock group on tour.
▪ The important properties of these three principal volcanic rock groups can be summarized in simple tables.
▪ Painted red stars, rock groups wanted to march to the West.
▪ You're a rock group so people get their rocks off.
▪ U2 are not a politically and musically aggressive rock group, but they don't ignore morals or values.
▪ There is also the opportunity to see new places, another way of life and meet new friends: rock music tourism.
▪ And rock music has to be like that.
▪ Dublin's brand of rock music merges at times with traditional music, and the studios are used for both styles.
▪ A grease-smeared youth answered the door, accompanied by a gust of rock music and an aroma of gravy.
▪ Some one was playing rock music in the flat above and the faint throb hovered in the sitting-room.
▪ It is in rock music, Wicke suggests, that this development is seen most clearly.
▪ The rhythm of the rock music thumped relentlessly.
▪ The collection was presented to the pounding beat of aggressive rock music.
▪ Unlike Sting, Dylan and Bowie, Waits has never looked like a rock star overreaching himself.
▪ Two ageing rock stars in front made it look easy and Hebbert was fooled.
▪ The club was mentioned in the ghosted autobiographies of countless rock stars.
▪ One female rock star likened the feeling to the one some women have after giving birth - lets have another one.
▪ Name the two famous rock stars who died in the crash with Buddy. 4. 4.
▪ They'd go there after work for a drink and a few rock stars would turn up.
▪ He would make rock star Phil Collins Minister for Arts.
▪ His name and his music opened the new National Bowl, promoted now as a major venue for big rock stars.
▪ The north Cornish coast is rocky, and climbing the rocks was a constant challenge and excitement.
▪ To escape that potentially maddening scene, make like a monk and climb a rock.
▪ He climbed out on the rocks to get a better look, but still he saw nothing.
▪ This characteristic stems from the diversity of techniques required to climb the rock.
▪ Two men climb the rock to check that all has been eaten and to clean it for the next burial.
▪ The tide was high, so they could not climb on the rocks and breakwaters, or explore the caves.
▪ At the time, I thought one had hit rock bottom.
▪ Demonstrators smashed in the face, hit with rocks.
▪ The 28-year-old mechanical engineer's fortunes took a dramatic twist midway through last season when his career hit rock bottom.
▪ A 5.4-magnitude earthquake hits southern Oregon, killing a motorist whose pickup was hit by falling rock.
▪ Hello! has won a reputation as heralding disaster by featuring families apparently in bliss just before they hit the rocks.
▪ The one guy drop-kicked him and another guy hit him with a rock.
▪ It was immediately answered by another shot, which hit a rock behind him.
▪ The rock and roll global village.
▪ Finished digging, hauling rocks, and rolling and cajoling them into place-last of north wall built.
▪ On the verge of Connemara, we passed through a steep valley of rocks poised as if to roll down upon us.
▪ Yet no one who knew the man disputes that Robey might well have knocked down the self-proclaimed king of rock &038; roll.
▪ Only the tips of her tail-feathers were caught between the rocks as they rolled back together; and those were torn away.
▪ This was more ambitious than mere rock &038; roll.
▪ For elaborate structures stick rocks together with silicone sealant, but let it cure completely before putting it into your tank water.
▪ Walk gingerly over the rocks and sand. Stick to big rocks that would be difficult to dislodge.
▪ A chaiselongue with missing castors, the walrus is stuck for ever on his rock.
▪ The crowd threw a few rocks and dispersed.
▪ The watchdog would back off if you threw rocks at him.
▪ The waves lifted the Forfarshire and threw it on to the rock, like a child playing with a toy.
▪ Okay. Throw a rock at my window or something.
▪ They, in turn, threw rocks and coins at him.
▪ You could throw a rock from Paramount and it would land in Hollywood Memorial.
▪ He threw a rock down it but you could not hear it strike the bottom ....
▪ This is the same as when you throw a rock in a pool of water.
be at/hit/reach rock bottom
▪ By four o'clock Melissa's spirits were at rock bottom.
hit/reach rock bottom
▪ After we lost the contract, morale in the office reached rock bottom.
▪ Confidence in the city's police force has hit rock bottom.
▪ Joan Rivers reveals how she hit rock bottom and recovered in her autobiography.
▪ As a result, hotel values hit rock bottom in 1992&.
▪ At the time, I thought one had hit rock bottom.
▪ But this time he does seem to have hit rock bottom.
▪ Ogmore to Barry beach sport hit rock bottom.
▪ The 28-year-old mechanical engineer's fortunes took a dramatic twist midway through last season when his career hit rock bottom.
shake/rock the foundations of sth
▪ The money economy shook the foundations of a society composed mainly of lords and peasants.
▪ The thunder seemed to shake the foundations of the building.
▪ Yet even as the competition fades into the history books, something also seems to be shaking the foundations of capitalism.
skip rocks/stones
sth is the new rock 'n' roll
the Rock of Gibraltar
▪ a rock concert
▪ Eugene stood on a rock and called for help.
▪ Geologists study the exposed sections of rock.
▪ igneous rock
▪ KXCI plays rock, blues, jazz, world beat, and folk music.
▪ Come up on to the top of the rock!
▪ Fearing the ships might founder on coastal rocks, the admiral summoned all his navigators to put their heads together.
▪ It must be practical enough to reach between rocks and plants.
▪ Only then comes the point where the crust finally ends and the mantle rock begins.
▪ Some volcanoes produce only one kind of rock during their entire lives, but others show an impressive diversity.
▪ The Cliff Palace was cut into the rock, round rooms and towers, walls with irregular openings.
▪ Those rocks and boulders were like mountains.
▪ The boat rocked gently of its own accord.
▪ When I returned, Jett was sitting exactly as I'd left him, hugging himself and rocking gently to and fro.
▪ She smelled the salt, and imagined the dock rocking gently to and fro.
▪ It was a bleak sort of day, with occasional gusts of wind gently rocking the vehicle from side to side.
▪ As he passed underneath, it rocked gently as if on invisible waves.
▪ The boat was there, tied up and rocking gently to the swirl of the dark water inshore.
▪ A giant wave approaches and gently rocks the ship.
▪ The boat rocked gently of its own accord.
▪ In the water; the boats rocked at their moorings, their tuna towers swaying.
▪ That sets the little boats rocking like crazy, like there's a sudden storm or summat.
▪ You could have him lie on his tummy and pretend to be a boat, rocking back and forth.
▪ The bows of the boat rocked as gently as a baby's cradle.
▪ The boat might be rocked but it would not ship water.
▪ As a result, violent explosions rocked the vessel and led to its abandonment within an hour of the attack.
▪ The shock of the explosion rocked the helicopter.
▪ Witnesses reported at least one massive explosion, which rocked houses up to a quarter of a mile away.
▪ They climbed to safety, and a moment later a tremendous explosion rocked the gorge.
▪ Mortars and grenades pounded the area; 26 heavy explosions rocked the cellar.
▪ Burun had rocked back on to his heels.
▪ He was rocking on his heels, watching Kathy sleep.
▪ Take laughing: I have only to titter and, in seconds, the Monster also is rocking with pretend laughter.
▪ The performance had the legislature, including the subjects of the barbs, rocking with laughter.
▪ A man had his arm around her, rocking her from side to side as the singers swayed with their patriotic song.
▪ The yacht rocked violently from side to side as the ship's wake came under them.
▪ It was a bleak sort of day, with occasional gusts of wind gently rocking the vehicle from side to side.
▪ The basket began rocking violently from side to side.
▪ The truth, when it is revealed, will rock this world upon its axis.
▪ There are, however, remnants of the unexplained mystery that rocked the developed world of 1560.
▪ Nobody has rocked my world, as the saying goes.
be at/hit/reach rock bottom
▪ By four o'clock Melissa's spirits were at rock bottom.
hit/reach rock bottom
▪ After we lost the contract, morale in the office reached rock bottom.
▪ Confidence in the city's police force has hit rock bottom.
▪ Joan Rivers reveals how she hit rock bottom and recovered in her autobiography.
▪ As a result, hotel values hit rock bottom in 1992&.
▪ At the time, I thought one had hit rock bottom.
▪ But this time he does seem to have hit rock bottom.
▪ Ogmore to Barry beach sport hit rock bottom.
▪ The 28-year-old mechanical engineer's fortunes took a dramatic twist midway through last season when his career hit rock bottom.
shake/rock the foundations of sth
▪ The money economy shook the foundations of a society composed mainly of lords and peasants.
▪ The thunder seemed to shake the foundations of the building.
▪ Yet even as the competition fades into the history books, something also seems to be shaking the foundations of capitalism.
sth is the new rock 'n' roll
the Rock of Gibraltar
▪ Glenda sat beside the cradle, gently rocking it from side to side.
▪ The chair squeaked as I rocked back and forth.
▪ The company was rocked by massive changes in the computer business.
▪ The law firm was rocked by accusations of bribery and dishonesty.
▪ The scandal has rocked the banking world.
▪ Uncle Maury laughed until he was rocking back and forth.
▪ Waves from a passing freighter rocked the boat.
▪ Rob Rio and the Revolvers rocked while sequined and tuxedoed revelers danced amid a plethora of King Tut-like splendor.
▪ She rocked back and forth; her whimpers seemed to hold all the pain in the world.
▪ She rocked it roughly, loathing it, and the baby grew hysterical.
▪ The sound was shaking the roof and rocking the floor.
▪ They may soon be getting free bus passes but they know how to rock.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Roc \Roc\, n. [Ar. & Per. rokh or rukh. Cf. Rook a castle.] A monstrous bird of Arabian mythology. [Written also rock, and rukh.]
--Brande & C.


Crack \Crack\, n.

  1. A partial separation of parts, with or without a perceptible opening; a chink or fissure; a narrow breach; a crevice; as, a crack in timber, or in a wall, or in glass.

  2. Rupture; flaw; breach, in a moral sense.

    My love to thee is sound, sans crack or flaw.

  3. A sharp, sudden sound or report; the sound of anything suddenly burst or broken; as, the crack of a falling house; the crack of thunder; the crack of a whip.

    Will the stretch out to the crack of doom?

  4. The tone of voice when changed at puberty.

    Though now our voices Have got the mannish crack.

  5. Mental flaw; a touch of craziness; partial insanity; as, he has a crack.

  6. A crazy or crack-brained person. [Obs.]

    I . . . can not get the Parliament to listen to me, who look upon me as a crack and a projector.

  7. A boast; boasting. [Obs.] ``Crack and brags.''
    --Burton. ``Vainglorius cracks.''

  8. Breach of chastity. [Obs.]

  9. A boy, generally a pert, lively boy. [Obs.]

    Val. 'T is a noble child. Vir. A crack, madam.

  10. A brief time; an instant; as, to be with one in a crack.

  11. Free conversation; friendly chat. [Scot.]

    What is crack in English? . . . A crack is . . . a chat with a good, kindly human heart in it.
    --P. P. Alexander.

  12. a witty remark; a wisecrack.

  13. a chance or opportunity to do something; an attempt; as, I'll take a crack at it.

  14. a form of cocaine, highly purified and prepared as small pellets, especially suitable for smoking; -- also called rock. Used in this form it appears to be more addicting than cocaine powder. [slang]

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"stone, mass of mineral matter," c.1300, from Old English rocc (as in stanrocc "stone rock or obelisk") and directly from Old North French roque, which is cognate with Medieval Latin rocca (8c.), from Vulgar Latin *rocca, of uncertain origin, according to Klein sometimes said to be from Celtic (compare Breton roch).\n

\nIn Middle English it seems to have been used principally for rock formations as opposed to individual stones. Meaning "precious stone, especially a diamond," is 1908, U.S. slang. Meaning "crystallized cocaine" is attested from 1973, in West Coast U.S. slang. Figurative use for "sure foundation" (especially with reference to Christ) is from 1520s; but also from 1520s as "source of danger or destruction," in reference to shipwrecks (as in on the rocks). Also used attributively in names of animals that frequent rocky habitats, as in rock lobster (1843). Between a rock and a hard place first attested 1921:\n\nto be between a rock and a hard place, vb. ph. To be bankrupt. Common in Arizona in recent panics; sporadic in Californi

  1. ["Dialect Notes," vol. V, part iv, 1921] \n\nRock-ribbed is from 1776, originally of land; figurative sense of "resolute" first recorded 1887. Rock-happy (1945) was U.S. Pacific Theater armed forces slang for "mentally unhinged after too much time on one island." The rock-scissors-paper game is attested by that name from 1976; from 1968 as paper-stone-scissors. A 1967 source says it is based on Japanese Jan Ken Pon (or Janken for short), which is said to mean the same thing more or less.


"to sway," late Old English roccian "move a child gently to and fro," related to Old Norse rykkja "to pull, tear, move," Swedish rycka "to pull, pluck," Middle Dutch rucken, Old High German rucchan, German rücken "to move jerkily."\n

\nMeaning "cause to sway back and forth" is from late 13c. Intransitive sense from late 14c. For popular music senses, see rock (v.2). Related: Rocked; rocking. To rock the boat in the figurative sense "stir up trouble" is from 1914. Rock-a-bye first recorded 1805 in nursery rhyme.


"to dance to popular music with a strong beat," 1948 (first attested in song title "We're gonna rock"), from rock (v.1), in earlier blues slang sense of "to cause to move with musical rhythm" (1922); often used at first with sexual overtones (as in 1922 song title "My Man Rocks Me (with One Steady Roll)"). Sense developed early 1950s to "play or dance to rock and roll music." Related: Rocked; rocking. Rocksteady, Jamaican pop music style (precursor of reggae), is attested from 1969.


"action of rocking; a movement to and fro," 1823, from rock (v.1). As short for rock and roll, by 1957; but sense of "musical rhythm characterized by a strong beat" is from 1946, in blues slang. Rock star attested by 1966.


Etymology 1 n. (context uncountable English) The naturally occurring aggregate of solid mineral matter that constitutes a significant part of the earth's crust. Etymology 2

n. An act of rocking; a rocking motion; a sway (rfdef lang=en comment=what verb sense of rock?) vb. (context transitive and intransitive English) To move gently back and forth. Etymology 3

n. A style of music characterized by basic drum-beat, generally 4/4 riffs, based on (usually electric) guitar, bass guitar, drums(,) and vocals. vb. 1 (context intransitive English) To play, perform, or enjoy rock music, especially with a lot of skill or energy. 2 (context intransitive slang English) To be very favourable or skilful; to excel. 3 (context transitive English) to thrill or excite, especially with rock music 4 (context transitive English) to do something with excitement yet skillfully 5 (context transitive English) To wear (a piece of clothing, outfit etc.) successfully or with style; to carry off (a particular look, style). Etymology 4

n. 1 (context countable English) distaff 2 (context uncountable English) The flax or wool on a distaff. Etymology 5

n. (archaic form of roc nodot=yes English) (mythical bird)

  1. v. move back and forth or sideways; "the ship was rocking"; "the tall building swayed"; "She rocked back and forth on her feet" [syn: sway, shake]

  2. cause to move back and forth; "rock the cradle"; "rock the baby"; "the wind swayed the trees gently" [syn: sway]

  1. n. a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter; "he threw a rock at me" [syn: stone]

  2. material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock"; "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries" [syn: stone]

  3. United States gynecologist and devout Catholic who conducted the first clinical trials of the oral contraceptive pill (1890-1984) [syn: John Rock]

  4. (figurative) someone who is strong and stable and dependable; "he was her rock during the crisis"; "Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church"--Gospel According to Matthew

  5. hard stick bright-colored stick candy typically peppermint flavored [syn: rock candy]

  6. a genre of popular music originating in the 1950s; a blend of Black rhythm-and-blues with White country-and-western; "rock is a generic term for the range of styles that evolved out of rock'n'roll." [syn: rock 'n' roll, rock'n'roll, rock-and-roll, rock and roll, rock music]

  7. pitching dangerously to one side [syn: careen, sway, tilt]

Rock -- U.S. County in Minnesota
Population (2000): 9721
Housing Units (2000): 4137
Land area (2000): 482.609501 sq. miles (1249.952815 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.233498 sq. miles (0.604756 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 482.842999 sq. miles (1250.557571 sq. km)
Located within: Minnesota (MN), FIPS 27
Location: 43.667243 N, 96.242131 W
Rock, MN
Rock County
Rock County, MN
Rock -- U.S. County in Nebraska
Population (2000): 1756
Housing Units (2000): 935
Land area (2000): 1008.457758 sq. miles (2611.893491 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 3.395633 sq. miles (8.794649 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1011.853391 sq. miles (2620.688140 sq. km)
Located within: Nebraska (NE), FIPS 31
Location: 42.507127 N, 99.470110 W
Rock, NE
Rock County
Rock County, NE
Rock -- U.S. County in Wisconsin
Population (2000): 152307
Housing Units (2000): 62187
Land area (2000): 720.468467 sq. miles (1866.004683 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 5.728001 sq. miles (14.835453 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 726.196468 sq. miles (1880.840136 sq. km)
Located within: Wisconsin (WI), FIPS 55
Location: 42.654411 N, 89.049110 W
Rock, WI
Rock County
Rock County, WI

ROCK may refer to:

  • Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad
  • Rho kinase, a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase
  • Rollergirls of Central Kentucky, roller derby league based in Lexington, Kentucky
  • R.O.C.K., a 1986 hard rock/heavy metal album by Kirka
  • Robert Orin Charles Kilroy, from the Styx rock opera Kilroy Was Here, see Mr. Roboto
Rock (geology)

In geology, rock or stone is a naturally occurring solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids. For example, the common rock granite is a combination of the quartz, feldspar and biotite minerals. The Earth's outer solid layer, the lithosphere, is made of rock.

Rocks have been used by mankind throughout history. From the Stone Age, rocks have been used for tools. The minerals and metals found in rocks have been essential to human civilization.

Three major groups of rocks are defined: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. The scientific study of rocks is called petrology, which is an essential component of geology.

Rock (confectionery)

Rock (often known by its place of origin, for instance Blackpool rock or Brighton rock) is a type of hard stick-shaped boiled sugar confectionery most usually flavoured with peppermint or spearmint. It is commonly sold at tourist (usually seaside) resorts in the United Kingdom (such as Brighton, Southend-on-Sea, Tenby or Blackpool) and Ireland (e.g. Bray and Strandhill); in Gibraltar; in Denmark in towns such as Løkken and Ebeltoft; and in Sydney and Tasmania, Australia.

It usually takes the form of a cylindrical stick ("a stick of rock", or, in Scotland, "a stalk of rock"), normally in diameter and long. Blackpool rock is usually at least in diameter, and can be as thick as across and up to long when made for special retail displays. These cylinders usually have a pattern embedded throughout the length, which is often the name of the resort where the rock is sold, so that the name can be read on both ends of the stick (reversed at one end) and remains legible even after pieces are bitten off. Rock is also manufactured as a promotional item, for example with a company name running through it.

It is sometimes found in the form of individual sweets, with writing or a pattern in the centre; these are, in effect, slices of rock.

Rock (manga)

Rock (known in some series as Rokuro Makube a.k.a. Rock Macbeth or ) is a recurrent major character in most of Osamu Tezuka's manga series, and he is an important part of Osamu Tezuka's Star System. As all of Tezuka's main characters he is seen repeatedly in different works but differs as the character with the most various and changing roles from both hero and antihero.

Rock (Casting Pearls EP)

Rock is the second recorded work by the band Casting Pearls.9

Track 3, "Wastin' Time" was re-used on their next release, Casting Pearls.

Rock (name)

Rock is a surname, given name and nickname.

Rock (album)

Rock is the third studio album by French nu metal band Pleymo. Released on October 27, 2003, the album sees the band shifting towards a more melodic musical style which is less aggressive than their previous releases. Rock is a concept album about a four-year-old blind boy and his imaginary twin.

Rock (processor)

Rock (or ROCK) was a multithreading, multicore, SPARC microprocessor under development at Sun Microsystems. Now canceled, it was a separate project from the SPARC T-Series (CoolThreads/Niagara) family of processors.

Rock aimed at higher per-thread performance, higher floating-point performance, and greater SMP scalability than the Niagara family. The Rock processor targeted traditional high-end data-facing workloads, such as back-end database servers, as well as floating-point intensive high-performance computing workloads, whereas the Niagara family targets network-facing workloads such as web servers.

Rock (rapper)

Jamal Bush (born November 4, 1975), better known by his stage name Rock (or Big Rock, or alternatively The Rockness Monstah), is an American rapper, famous as a member of hip hop collective Boot Camp Clik and the duo Heltah Skeltah along with Sean Price. He is known for his deep, grimy voice and having a sophisticated and rugged flow.

After releasing two albums with Heltah Skeltah, Nocturnal and Magnum Force, Rock left Duck Down Records and pursued a solo career. He signed to DJ Lethal's Lethal Records and recorded a solo album titled Planet Rock, which was never released after the label folded. He didn't make an appearance on the Clik's 2002 group album The Chosen Few, being the only member of the "Great 8" not to appear.

He made his official return to Duck Down in 2005, making appearances on Sean Price's Monkey Barz album and Smif-N-Wessun's Smif 'N' Wessun: Reloaded album. He's performed songs for a variety of video games including "I Am Rock" for Need for Speed: Most Wanted, "This Is Me" for Blitz The League II and "I Am Rock" for NFL Street 2. He and the Boot Camp released their third group album, The Last Stand, on July 18, 2006.

Rock has admitted being an 80s Brooklyn Decepticons gang member, along with fellow Heltah Skeltah group-member Sean Price and Onyx rapper Sticky Fingaz. On January 15, 2008, Rock was arrested for an assault and attempted murder charge after he allegedly gunned down a rival while working as a pimp. He was released on a $125,000 bail about a week later on January 24, 2008. Court reports show Rock's manager Ben Aubin of Ben Aubin Management posted bond for the rapper's release. Mr. Aubin has categorically denied any confirmation of his client moonlighting as a pimp.

The legal trouble seems not to have affected his career as a rapper, as Heltah Skeltah returned to the studio to record their third album, D.I.R.T., which was released on September 30, 2008.

Rock (magazine)

Rock was a Yugoslav music magazine, published from 1982 to 1990.

Usage examples of "rock".

Apparently satisfied it would support his weight, he leaned back, rocking gently while Abie prepared their coffee.

Whatever be the inequality in the hardness of the materials of which the rock consists, even in the case of pudding-stone, the surface is abraded so evenly as to leave the impression that a rigid rasp has moved over all the undulations of the land, advancing in one and the same direction and levelling all before it.

Eads, the engineer, determined to establish the piers and abutments on rock at a depth for the east pier and east abutment of 136 ft.

Assuming one-twentieth gee, that meant the rock had been accelerating for only ten or eleven minutes.

She proceeded to explain about the ragged bundle Acorn had carried, and described the rock that fell out of it after his death.

The cuts and bruises I had received from the jagged sides of the rock shaft were paining me woefully, their soreness enhanced to a stinging or burning acuteness by some pungent quality in the faint draft, and the mere act of rolling over was enough to set my whole frame throbbing with untold agony.

He sat cross-legged on a large rock, near the far end of the adamantine bridge.

Purple Rocks, taking the bodies back to the coast in Ruathen barrels, putting them on a caravel set adrift in the known path of the Waterdhavian hunting vessel.

As you shape your customer profile, recognize that your advertising must reach your largest customer group and must also convey specialties that exist in your store, such as jazz, blues, rock V roll, rap or classical.

Outdoor advertising Outdoor advertising began during prehistoric times when cavemen carved messages on rocks.

It would just be me and her on a high hill and me rolling the rocks down the hill faces and teeth and all by God until she was quiet and not that goddamn adze going One lick less.

Notably so, when in a neck-to-neck dash with an express train, the aeroplane won out in a race to file the location papers of the mine at Monument Rocks.

Kero thought, as she guided Hellsbane afoot through the darkness, stumbling now and again over a root or a rock.

His eyes were hard as flint rock when they swept her from head to toe, and Agate was sure they held no small amount of suspicion.

I had placed myself at the port-scuttle, and saw some magnificent substructures of coral, zoophytes, seaweed, and fucus, agitating their enormous claws, which stretched out from the fissures of the rock.