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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"Japanese comic books or graphic novels," c.1984, from Japanese, "cartoon, caricature," literally "involuntary pictures." Term said to have been coined 1814 by artist Katsushika Hokusai to "convey a sense of free-flowing composition and quirky style." See anime.


n. 1 (label en countable comics) A comic originating in Japan. 2 (label en uncountable) An artistic style heavily used in, and associated with, Japanese comics, and that has also been adopted by a comparatively low number of comics from other countries. 3 (label en rare countable chiefly proscribed by fandom) A comic in manga style, regardless of the country of origin.


are comics created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century. They have a long and complex pre-history in earlier Japanese art.

The term manga ( kanji: ; hiragana: ; katakana: ; ; or ) in Japan, is a word use to refer to both comics and cartooning. "Manga" as a term used outside Japan, refers specifically to comics originally published in Japan.

In Japan, people of all ages read manga. The medium includes works in a broad range of genres: action-adventure, business/commerce, comedy, detective, historical drama, horror, mystery, romance, science fiction and fantasy, sexuality, sports and games, and suspense, among others. Although this form of entertainment originated in Japan, many manga are translated into other languages, mainly English. Since the 1950s, manga has steadily become a major part of the Japanese publishing industry, representing a ¥406 billion market in Japan in 2007 (approximately $3.6 billion) and ¥420 billion (approximately $5.5 billion) in 2009. Manga have also gained a significant worldwide audience. In Europe and the Middle East the market was worth $250 million in 2012. In 2008, in the U.S. and Canada, the manga market was valued at $175 million; the markets in France and the United States are about the same size. Manga stories are typically printed in black-and-white, although some full-color manga exist (e.g., Colorful). In Japan, manga are usually serialized in large manga magazines, often containing many stories, each presented in a single episode to be continued in the next issue. If the series is successful, collected chapters may be republished in tankōbon volumes, frequently but not exclusively, paperback books. A manga artist ( mangaka in Japanese) typically works with a few assistants in a small studio and is associated with a creative editor from a commercial publishing company. If a manga series is popular enough, it may be animated after or even during its run. Sometimes manga are drawn centering on previously existing live-action or animated films.

Manga-influenced comics, among original works, exist in other parts of the world, particularly in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan (" manhua"), and South Korea (" manhwa").

Manga (disambiguation)

Manga refers to Japanese comic books and cartoons.

Manga may also refer to:

Manga (magazine)

Manga magazine, formerly known as Takuhai, is a free quarterly magazine published by Tokyopop, which gives preview chapters of a selection of the company's new manga titles, as well as fan art, interviews, and short articles. The magazine is intended as a publicity vehicle, similar to Tokyopop Sneaks, free preview compilations of Tokyopop titles. It was first published in the summer of 2005, and readers can subscribe to the magazine through Tokyopop's official website. The magazine's original title, Takuhai meant "home delivery" in Japanese, but this was changed when Tokyopop discovered that many readers were accessing it through bookstores, comic stores, and newsstands.

The magazine has two parts, each with its own cover page. The front half is read left-to-right, while the back half is read in Japanese style, right-to-left. Manga also includes an online issue with completely different material to the printed publication, and which is updated every month.

Manga (album)

maNga is the self-titled album of Turkish rock band maNga, released in December 2004 by Sony Music/ GRGDN. It was reissued in 2006, with two additional tracks and a bonus DVD.

Manga (moth)

Manga is a genus of moths of the Noctuidae family.

Manga (band)

Manga (also stylized as maNga) is a Turkish rock band whose music is mainly a fusion of Anatolian melodies with electronic elements. In 2009, they won both the Best Turkish Act award from MTV Turkey and consequently the Best European Act award from MTV Networks Europe in MTV Europe Music Awards 2009. They represented Turkey at the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song " We Could Be the Same" and took second place.

Manga (footballer)
For other Brazilian footballers named Ailton, see Ailton. See also Manga.

Haílton Corrêa de Arruda, best known as Manga ( Recife, April 26, 1937) was a Brazilian goalkeeper, famous for playing alongside Garrincha, Nílton Santos and Zagallo in the great Botafogo of the 1960s, and also for winning the Copa Libertadores and the Intercontinental Cup in 1971 with the extraordinary Nacional of Cubilla and Artime. He was the starting keeper in the Brazilian national team in the 1966 FIFA World Cup.

Manga started his career in 1955 in Sport Recife. In 1959 he moved to Botafogo, where he became a national celebrity. In 1966 he was the Brazilian goalkeeper in the 1966 FIFA World Cup. In the 1970s he also played for Sport Club Internacional (where he won two national titles), Coritiba and Grêmio. He also played in Uruguay and Ecuador, where he finished his career at the age of 44.

Usage examples of "manga".

Your general ordered that he have Mangas Coloradas the next morning, alive or dead.

There was a fierce battle, and Mangas Coloradas was seized from his horse.

His eyes, passing over the features of Juh, Chief of the Ned-ni, and Mangas, the eighteen-year-old son of the chief of the Be-don-ko-he, stopped at last upon those of Go-yat-thlay, the Yawner.

Fort McLane he brings word that Mangas Colorado, Chief of the Be-don-ko-he, is dead.

From among the squaws and children gathered behind the warriors arose anguished wails--the wives and children of Mangas Colorado had heard.

That night the warriors of the Be-don-ko-he sat in council, and though Mangas, son of Mangas Colorado, the dead chief, was present, Go-yat-thlay was elected chief, and the next morning smoke signals rose from mountain peaks a hundred miles apart.

He had hung breathless upon the exploits of Victorio, of Mangas Colorado, of Cochise.

But before the Mexicans murdered the mother of Geronimo and his wife and children, and the soldiers of the white-yes slew the Apaches they had invited to have food with them, and before Mangas Colorado was treacherously murdered, did the Apaches have reason to hate the Mexicans and the white-eyes?

The names of Delgadito, Mangas Colorado, Cochise, Victorio, Geronimo and Juh strike terror to the hearts of their foes.

Na-chi-ta joined them with his Cho-kon-en, and there was Mangas and Naniy and Kut-le and many another famous warrior to bring terror and destruction to the pindah lickoyee, and with them went their women, their children and their herds.