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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
mineral resources
▪ This area is rich in mineral resources.
mineral water (=water that has natural substances in it, and is sold in bottles)
▪ The mineral water comes from the Scottish mountain.
mineral water
▪ a glass of mineral water
mineral/oil etc extraction
▪ Uma is the only sure indicator for the presence of heavy minerals.
▪ Provenance work on the turbidite sandstones has indicated at least two sources for heavy minerals.
▪ Samples of stream waters and heavy mineral concentrates are also taken at the same sites.
▪ A minor, but important constituent of many sandstones are the heavy minerals, with a specific gravity in excess of 2.9.
▪ The Dead Sea waters contain a high concentration of salts composed of potassium, bromine and magnesium as well as other minerals.
▪ Limits may be set also by deficiencies of nitrogen and other key minerals in the soils.
▪ Dietary concentrations of other minerals and of vitamins were according to the AIN-76 recommendations.
▪ Both minerals are stained yellow; other minerals are unstained.
▪ These plants bring nutrients up from the deeper soil and improve its structure making it very rich in trace minerals.
▪ Other sources of a suitable soda-#rich mineral with the same specific impurity pattern are difficult to suggest.
▪ Low in fat and sodium, rich in minerals and fibre, the raisin contains virtually no fear-inducing cholesterol.
▪ The land is rich in minerals such as gold, niobium and cassiterite.
▪ You can drink water or fruit juice, which is rich in minerals and vitamins.
▪ Manganese-#rich minerals can be used to produce black or brown colours.
▪ Each patient had three measurements of bone mineral density and rates of bone loss were estimated by linear regression for each subject.
▪ Figure 1 shows the cumulative absolute changes in bone mineral content/bone width and bone mineral density after ranking each patient by age.
▪ Figures 2 and 3 show the percentage changes in bone mineral density.
▪ One study that identified 25% of women had a bone mineral density more than 2 standard deviations below normals.
▪ The correlations between steroid dose and the changes in bone mineral density were not statistically significant.
▪ The percentage improvement in spinal bone mineral density is similar to that reported in normal women receiving this dose of oestrogen.
▪ The Thorium versus Potassium cross-plot confirms illite as being the main clay and kaolinite as the secondary clay mineral.
▪ These very weak stones are rich in water, which is bound up in both hydrated salts and clay minerals.
▪ It relies on the preferential absorption on to clay minerals of an ultra-violet sensitive dye.
▪ Quartz, feldspar, and the clay minerals make up the bulk of that contribution.
▪ Chemical weathering is of the greatest importance in producing fine material, as clay minerals are formed by this process.
▪ These clay minerals can form by diagenesis.
▪ This water is so weakly-bound to the clay minerals that it turns to steam at low temperatures.
▪ They are often found mixed with other clay minerals and with calcareous materials.
▪ Each patient had three measurements of bone mineral density and rates of bone loss were estimated by linear regression for each subject.
▪ Figure 1 shows the cumulative absolute changes in bone mineral content/bone width and bone mineral density after ranking each patient by age.
▪ Figures 2 and 3 show the percentage changes in bone mineral density.
▪ One study that identified 25% of women had a bone mineral density more than 2 standard deviations below normals.
▪ The correlations between steroid dose and the changes in bone mineral density were not statistically significant.
▪ The percentage improvement in spinal bone mineral density is similar to that reported in normal women receiving this dose of oestrogen.
▪ Many silicate minerals also have polymeric chain structures.
▪ These meteorites, called chondrites, are composed principally of silicate minerals, usually with some metallic iron and sulfides.
▪ An empty bottle of wine and a bottle half full of mineral water stood on a cabinet.
▪ Three meals a day are pre-ordered, wine and mineral water included.
▪ Not easy, is it, especially when you've got the mineral water and bags of flour aboard?
▪ And drink mineral water rather than the inevitable lager.
▪ However, any diet high in foods that contain few vitamins and minerals is likely to lead to some degree of illness.
▪ They are lighter in colour and lower in density than basalts or andesites, and contain fewer dark minerals.
▪ Spirits don't contain any vitamins or minerals.
▪ But it contains no vitamins, minerals, amino acids or other essential nutrients.
▪ The fluid contains various vitamins, minerals, sugars and proteins and it is the protein that sometimes gels to form lumps.
▪ These contain both minerals and vitamins and some also contain amino acids.
▪ All clay contains such minerals, and when pottery is fired, the energy stored in the crystals is released as light.
▪ The use of polarised light allows the analyst to identify the anisotropic minerals present.
▪ The physical properties that identify this mineral for mineralogists and jewelers set this substance apart.
explore (sth) for oil/minerals/gold etc
the animal/plant/mineral kingdom
▪ It ignores the obvious discriminations which we make between similar treatment of different species within the animal kingdom.
▪ Its object was to show the comparative structure and functions of organs throughout the animal kingdom.
▪ Molluscs Molluscs belong to the largest phylum in the animal kingdom and are a very varied group of animals.
▪ The circles were full up, and therefore man was not a part of the animal kingdom at all.
▪ They are the tanks of the animal kingdom, and they come in many forms.
▪ This we shall see to be as true of man as of any of his relatives in the animal kingdom.
▪ Upon the balance between them depends the enormous variety of societies seen in the animal kingdom.
▪ With man effort not often matched in the animal kingdom, he overcame that considerable obstacle.
▪ an area rich in minerals
▪ This cereal says it's fortified with 10 essential vitamins and minerals.
▪ An alternative explanation of such uplifts involves the effects of density changes in minerals in the upper mantle.
▪ Both statements agree: Get your vitamins and minerals from your plate, not your medicine chest.
▪ Color seen in thin sections is a good, quick guide to the identification of certain minerals.
▪ In many cases, we are still discovering new minerals that influence our health.
▪ Life as ever-renewing mineral, and minerals as slow life.
▪ Studies of the spectrum of sunlight reflected from these asteroids have given us useful information on the minerals present in them.
▪ The instances of effective crack-stoppers in minerals are fortuitous.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Mineral \Min"er*al\, n. [F. min['e]ral, LL. minerale, fr. minera mine. See Mine, v. i.]

  1. An inorganic species or substance occurring in nature, having a definite chemical composition and usually a distinct crystalline form. Rocks, except certain glassy igneous forms, are either simple minerals or aggregates of minerals.

  2. A mine. [Obs.]

  3. Anything which is neither animal nor vegetable, as in the most general classification of things into three kingdoms (animal, vegetable, and mineral).


Mineral \Min"er*al\, a.

  1. Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or of minerals; as, a mineral substance.

  2. Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters.

    Mineral acids (Chem.), inorganic acids, as sulphuric, nitric, phosphoric, hydrochloric, acids, etc., as distinguished from the organic acids.

    Mineral blue, the name usually given to azurite, when reduced to an impalpable powder for coloring purposes.

    Mineral candle, a candle made of paraffin.

    Mineral caoutchouc, an elastic mineral pitch, a variety of bitumen, resembling caoutchouc in elasticity and softness. See Caoutchouc, and Elaterite.

    Mineral chameleon (Chem.) See Chameleon mineral, under Chameleon.

    Mineral charcoal. See under Charcoal.

    Mineral cotton. See Mineral wool (below).

    Mineral green, a green carbonate of copper; malachite.

    Mineral kingdom (Nat. Sci.), that one of the three grand divisions of nature which embraces all inorganic objects, as distinguished from plants or animals.

    Mineral oil. See Naphtha, and Petroleum.

    Mineral paint, a pigment made chiefly of some natural mineral substance, as red or yellow iron ocher.

    Mineral patch. See Bitumen, and Asphalt.

    Mineral right, the right of taking minerals from land.

    Mineral salt (Chem.), a salt of a mineral acid.

    Mineral tallow, a familiar name for hatchettite, from its fatty or spermaceti-like appearance.

    Mineral water. See under Water.

    Mineral wax. See Ozocerite.

    Mineral wool, a fibrous wool-like material, made by blowing a powerful jet of air or steam through melted slag. It is a poor conductor of heat.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

late 14c., "substance obtained by mining," from Medieval Latin minerale "something mined," noun use of neuter of mineralis "pertaining to mines," from minera "mine." Meaning "material substance that is neither animal nor vegetable" is first recorded c.1600. Modern scientific sense is from 1813.


early 15c., "neither animal nor vegetable," from Old French mineral and directly from Medieval Latin mineralis (see mineral (n.)). Mineral water (early 15c.) originally was water found in nature with some mineral substance dissolved in it.


a. of, related to, or containing minerals n. (context geology English) Any naturally occurring inorganic material that has a (more or less) definite chemical composition and characteristic physical properties.

  1. adj. relating to minerals; "mineral elements"; "mineral deposits"

  2. of or containing or derived from minerals; "a mineral deposit"; "mineral water" [ant: animal, vegetable]

  3. composed of matter other than plant or animal; "the inorganic mineral world"


n. solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition

Mineral, CA -- U.S. Census Designated Place in California
Population (2000): 143
Housing Units (2000): 450
Land area (2000): 44.478574 sq. miles (115.198972 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.019981 sq. miles (0.051751 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 44.498555 sq. miles (115.250723 sq. km)
FIPS code: 47794
Located within: California (CA), FIPS 06
Location: 40.355686 N, 121.567333 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 96063
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Mineral, CA
Mineral, IL -- U.S. village in Illinois
Population (2000): 272
Housing Units (2000): 120
Land area (2000): 0.307906 sq. miles (0.797474 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.307906 sq. miles (0.797474 sq. km)
FIPS code: 49516
Located within: Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
Location: 41.381921 N, 89.836576 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 61344
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Mineral, IL
Mineral, VA -- U.S. town in Virginia
Population (2000): 424
Housing Units (2000): 196
Land area (2000): 0.893116 sq. miles (2.313159 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.893116 sq. miles (2.313159 sq. km)
FIPS code: 52120
Located within: Virginia (VA), FIPS 51
Location: 38.006117 N, 77.909553 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 23117
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Mineral, VA
Mineral -- U.S. County in Montana
Population (2000): 3884
Housing Units (2000): 1961
Land area (2000): 1219.821073 sq. miles (3159.321942 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 3.556614 sq. miles (9.211588 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1223.377687 sq. miles (3168.533530 sq. km)
Located within: Montana (MT), FIPS 30
Location: 47.143735 N, 114.965059 W
Mineral, MT
Mineral County
Mineral County, MT
Mineral -- U.S. County in Nevada
Population (2000): 5071
Housing Units (2000): 2866
Land area (2000): 3756.404850 sq. miles (9729.043485 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 56.564967 sq. miles (146.502586 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 3812.969817 sq. miles (9875.546071 sq. km)
Located within: Nevada (NV), FIPS 32
Location: 38.525236 N, 118.466414 W
Mineral, NV
Mineral County
Mineral County, NV
Mineral -- U.S. County in West Virginia
Population (2000): 27078
Housing Units (2000): 12094
Land area (2000): 327.733047 sq. miles (848.824658 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 1.397246 sq. miles (3.618850 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 329.130293 sq. miles (852.443508 sq. km)
Located within: West Virginia (WV), FIPS 54
Location: 39.433373 N, 78.935756 W
Mineral, WV
Mineral County
Mineral County, WV
Mineral -- U.S. County in Colorado
Population (2000): 831
Housing Units (2000): 1119
Land area (2000): 875.718798 sq. miles (2268.101177 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 1.986051 sq. miles (5.143847 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 877.704849 sq. miles (2273.245024 sq. km)
Located within: Colorado (CO), FIPS 08
Location: 37.700620 N, 106.920831 W
Mineral, CO
Mineral County
Mineral County, CO

A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound. Most often, they are crystalline and abiogenic in origin. A mineral is different from a rock, which can be an aggregate of minerals or non-minerals and does not have one specific chemical composition, as a mineral does. The exact definition of a mineral is under debate, especially with respect to the requirement that a valid species be abiogenic, and to a lesser extent with regard to it having an ordered atomic structure.

The study of minerals is called mineralogy. There are over 5,300 known mineral species; over 5,070 of these have been approved by the International Mineralogical Association (IMA). The silicate minerals compose over 90% of the Earth's crust. The diversity and abundance of mineral species is controlled by the Earth's chemistry. Silicon and oxygen constitute approximately 75% of the Earth's crust, which translates directly into the predominance of silicate minerals.

Minerals are distinguished by various chemical and physical properties. Differences in chemical composition and crystal structure distinguish the various species, which were determined by the mineral's geological environment when formed. Changes in the temperature, pressure, or bulk composition of a rock mass cause changes in its minerals.

Minerals can be described by their various physical properties, which are related to their chemical structure and composition. Common distinguishing characteristics include crystal structure and habit, hardness, lustre, diaphaneity, colour, streak, tenacity, cleavage, fracture, parting, and specific gravity. More specific tests for describing minerals include magnetism, taste or smell, radioactivity and reaction to acid.

Minerals are classified by key chemical constituents; the two dominant systems are the Dana classification and the Strunz classification. The silicate class of minerals is subdivided into six subclasses by the degree of polymerization in the chemical structure. All silicate minerals have a base unit of a [SiO] silica tetrahedron—that is, a silicon cation coordinated by four oxygen anions, which gives the shape of a tetrahedron. These tetrahedra can be polymerized to give the subclasses: orthosilicates (no polymerization, thus single tetrahedra), disilicates (two tetrahedra bonded together), cyclosilicates (rings of tetrahedra), inosilicates (chains of tetrahedra), phyllosilicates (sheets of tetrahedra), and tectosilicates (three-dimensional network of tetrahedra). Other important mineral groups include the native elements, sulfides, oxides, halides, carbonates, sulfates, and phosphates.

Mineral (band)

Mineral is an American emo band originally from Houston, Texas. Soon following their formation they relocated to Austin. All four members of Mineral were signed to Interscope Records on individual contracts. After disbanding in 1998, its members worked on numerous other musical projects including The Gloria Record, Pop Unknown, and Zookeeper.

Mineral's music is characterized by its iterated soft/loud structure, overlaid with melodic vocals and ethereal guitar-based instrumental bridges. Mineral's subtle balance between angst-ridden kinetics and wistful underpinnings, in conjunction with their intelligent lyrics, have heavily influenced many bands of the late 1990s and 2000s.

In 2010, a compilation CD of all the band's songs (except for "Sadder Star", from the First Crush comp) was released in Japan, entitled "The Complete Collection".

Mineral announced a reunion tour on April 24, 2014.

Mineral (disambiguation)

Mineral usually refers to:

  • Mineral, an element or chemical compound that is normally crystalline, formed as a result of geological processes
  • Mineral water, water containing dissolved minerals of the sense above
  • Dietary mineral, elements required by living organisms
  • Mineral resources, geological deposits (crystalline, non-crystalline, solid, liquid or gas) which potentially can be mined
Mineral (nutrient)

A mineral is a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms, other than carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur present in common organic molecules. These elements are classed as minerals in the four groups of essential nutrients; the others are vitamins, essential fatty acids, and essential amino acids.

Major chemical elements in order of abundance in the human body include calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chlorine, and magnesium. Important trace elements, necessary for mammalian life, include iron, cobalt, copper, zinc, manganese, molybdenum, iodine, and selenium. Because inorganic mineral content of foods do not form volatile combustion products, nutrition analysis methods involving combustion may report the total mineral content of food as " crude ash".

Over twenty minerals are necessary for mammals, and several more for various other types of life. The total number of chemical elements that are absolutely needed is not known for any organism. Ultratrace elements of some minerals such as boron and chromium are known to clearly have a role but the exact biochemical nature is unknown, and others such as arsenic, bromine, and silicon are suspected to have a role in health, but with weaker evidence.

Most chemical elements that are ingested by organisms are in the form of simple compounds. Larger chemical compounds of elements need to be broken down for absorption. Plants absorb dissolved elements in soils, which are subsequently picked up by the herbivores that eat them, and the elements move up the food chain. Larger organisms may also consume soil ( geophagia) and visit salt licks to obtain limiting minerals they are unable to acquire through other components of their diet.

Bacteria play an essential role in the weathering of primary elements that results in the release of nutrients for their own nutrition and for the nutrition of others in the ecological food chain. One element, cobalt, is available for use by animals only after having been processed into complex molecules (e.g., vitamin B12) by bacteria. Scientists are only recently starting to appreciate the magnitude and role that microorganisms have in the global cycling and formation of biominerals.

Usage examples of "mineral".

I paused to take in the multicolored tapestry of melted and rehardened minerals, still furiously aboil to the untutored eye.

Nitroso Dye-stuffs -- Nitro Dye-stuffs -- Azo Dye-stuffs -- Substantive Cotton Dye-stuffs -- Azoxystilbene Dye-stuffs -- Hydrazones -- Ketoneimides -- Triphenylmethane Dye-stuffs -- Rosolic Acid Dye-stuffs -- Xanthene Dye-stuffs -- Xanthone Dye-stuffs -- Flavones -- Oxyketone Dye-stuffs -- Quinoline and Acridine Dye-stuffs -- Quinonimide or Diphenylamine Dye-stuffs -- The Azine Group: Eurhodines, Safranines and Indulines -- Eurhodines -- Safranines -- Quinoxalines -- Indigo -- Dye-stuffs of Unknown Constitution -- Sulphur or Sulphine Dye stuffs -- Development of the Artificial Dye-stuff Industry -- The Natural Dye-stuffs -- Mineral Colours -- Index.

Thus, it seems that while in the mouth only starchy, and while in the stomach only albuminous substances are digested, in the small intestine all kinds of food materials, starchy, albuminoid, fatty and mineral, are either completely dissolved, or minutely subdivided, and so prepared that they may be readily absorbed through the animal membranes into the vessels.

The chief chemical constituents of wholesome Mushrooms are albuminoids, carbo-hydrates, fat, mineral matters, and water.

Just in the same way the mineral waters of Missisquoi, and Bethesda, in America, through containing siliceous qualities so sublimated as almost to defy the analyst, are effective to cure cancer, albuminuria, and other organic complaints.

The loss in manuring matters, which is incurred in keeping manure-heaps exposed to the weather, is not so much due to the volatilization of ammonia as to the removal of ammoniacal salts, soluble nitrogenized organic matters, and valuable mineral matters, by the rain which falls in the period during which the manure is kept.

Medium grey andesite, an igneous volcanic rock, speckled with crystals of dark minerals, knobbed with hard protrusions.

In France these Psyllium seeds, given in a dessertspoonful dose, are widely prescribed as a laxative in lieu of mineral aperient waters, or the morning Seidlitz.

It will open up the forests, the arable country land, the cattle-breeding districts, and, above all, the mineral deposits.

Ores of Lead -- Geographical Distribution of the Lead Industry -- Chemical and Physical Properties of Lead -- Alloys of Lead -- Compounds of Lead -- Dressing of Lead Ores -- Smelting of Lead Ores -- Smelting in the Scotch or American Ore-hearth -- Smelting in the Shaft or Blast Furnace -- Condensation of Lead Fume -- Desilverisation, or the Separation of Silver from Argentiferous Lead -- Cupellation -- The Manufacture of Lead Pipes and Sheets -- Protoxide of Lead -- Litharge and Massicot -- Red Lead or Minium -- Lead Poisoning -- Lead Substitutes -- Zinc and its Compounds -- Pumice Stone -- Drying Oils and Siccatives -- Oil of Turpentine Resin -- Classification of Mineral Pigments -- Analysis of Raw and Finished Products -- Tables -- Index.

There were samples galore on the desk, all specimens of mineral rock, gold-bearing ore that bore the red-clay crust common to specimens from the Aureole Mine.

He found himself wondering if during a flash flood on this spectacularly tinted world, the riverbeds would run bright with dissolved azurite and other vividly colored copper minerals.

With cotton, wool, wheat and mountains rich in minerals, Shensi should have been prosperous but was not, owing to opium-smoking and banditry, but fundamentally to lack of good communications.

But the essence of his speech was that he might cut off the bauxite and other minerals.

Nutrition blockers are chemicals that bind with some desirable vitamin or mineral and prevent your intestines from absorbing it.