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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
chalk/limestone/granite cliffs
▪ White chalk cliffs rose up from the sea.
▪ Ahead, a low cairn of granite boulders rose clear of the moor.
▪ Acorn-grinding mortars can be found in granite boulders scattered throughout the camp.
▪ The centrepiece is a granite boulder from Solovki, a group of islands in the White Sea.
▪ Volcanicity and magma emplacement, largely in the form of large granite intrusions, characterize the volcanic arc.
▪ Eventually granite intrusions are emplaced at high levels within the mountain mass and volcanic activity develops.
▪ Extensive stretching of the crust above these granite intrusions produces a faulted terrain with active volcanoes.
▪ This was the major period of emplacement of granite intrusions which resulted in the growth of the Western Cordillera.
▪ The modem phase of orogeny began in the Miocene with volcanism and the further emplacement of granite intrusions.
▪ The gutter between the sidewalk and granite slabs is cleared of leaves and litter.
▪ The path teetered down into a side gorge - and then the granite slabs appeared.
▪ It was a 3, 000-foot granite slab, rising in total isolation from a flat plain.
▪ They were on a granite slab that had fallen centuries ago and lay by the shore with the water rippling at it.
▪ He turned so that his back was to the sloping granite wall and pulled her up.
▪ Outside, the Rippowam River ran so swiftly its roar penetrated the granite walls.
▪ Along its high white granite walls, hundreds of funeral wreaths were coalescing into one great hanging garden of remembrance.
▪ At one place, the round shape of an engine protruded from the granite.
▪ Bronze on granite base. 6.5m.
▪ Grit blew off the granite outcroppings and the fields beneath grew nothing but rocks and dust.
▪ Hatchet-faced, tough as the city's granite, Yevdoxia plumped herself down at Anna's side.
▪ Salt water, beaten into a white sea foam, collides into the granite with each swell.
▪ The wolframite is scattered extremely thinly throughout the granite.
▪ They imported all the granite gravel for the driveway from Paris.
▪ This appears to coincide with the base of the granite batholith and may represent the basal Variscan thrust.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Syenite \Sy"e*nite\, n. [L. Syenites (sc. lapis), from Syene, Gr. ?.] (Min.)

  1. Orig., a rock composed of quartz, hornblende, and feldspar, anciently quarried at Syene, in Upper Egypt, and now called granite.

  2. A granular, crystalline, ingeous rock composed of orthoclase and hornblende, the latter often replaced or accompanied by pyroxene or mica. Syenite sometimes contains nephelite (el[ae]olite) or leucite, and is then called nephelite (el[ae]olite) syenite or leucite syenite.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1640s, from French granit(e) (17c.) or directly from Italian granito "granite," originally "grained," past participle of granire "granulate, make grainy," from grano "grain," from Latin granum "grain" (see corn (n.1)). In reference to the appearance of the rock. Used figuratively for "hardness" (of the heart, head, etc.) from 1839. New Hampshire, U.S., has been the Granite State since at least 1825.


n. 1 (context rock English) A group of igneous and plutonic rocks composed primarily of feldspar and quartz. Usually contains one or more dark minerals, which may be mica, pyroxene, or amphibole. Granite is quarried for building stone, road gravel, decorative stone, and tombstones. Common colors are gray, white, pink, and yellow-brown. 2 (context uncountable figurative English) toughness; the quality of having a thick skin or being rough.

  1. n. plutonic igneous rock having visibly crystalline texture; generally composed of feldspar and mica and quartz

  2. something having the quality of granite (unyielding firmness); "a man of granite"

Granite, OK -- U.S. town in Oklahoma
Population (2000): 1844
Housing Units (2000): 533
Land area (2000): 1.581010 sq. miles (4.094796 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.581010 sq. miles (4.094796 sq. km)
FIPS code: 30950
Located within: Oklahoma (OK), FIPS 40
Location: 34.962367 N, 99.381356 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 73547
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Granite, OK
Granite, OR -- U.S. city in Oregon
Population (2000): 24
Housing Units (2000): 74
Land area (2000): 0.398327 sq. miles (1.031663 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.002761 sq. miles (0.007152 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.401088 sq. miles (1.038815 sq. km)
FIPS code: 30500
Located within: Oregon (OR), FIPS 41
Location: 44.808774 N, 118.420162 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Granite, OR
Granite, UT -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Utah
Population (2000): 2018
Housing Units (2000): 642
Land area (2000): 1.468699 sq. miles (3.803912 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.468699 sq. miles (3.803912 sq. km)
FIPS code: 30900
Located within: Utah (UT), FIPS 49
Location: 40.571151 N, 111.809535 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Granite, UT
Granite -- U.S. County in Montana
Population (2000): 2830
Housing Units (2000): 2074
Land area (2000): 1727.444113 sq. miles (4474.059524 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 5.669342 sq. miles (14.683527 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1733.113455 sq. miles (4488.743051 sq. km)
Located within: Montana (MT), FIPS 30
Location: 46.437588 N, 113.365536 W
Granite, MT
Granite County
Granite County, MT

Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture. Granites can be predominantly white, pink, or gray in color, depending on their mineralogy. The word "granite" comes from the Latin granum, a grain, in reference to the coarse-grained structure of such a holocrystalline rock. By definition, granite is an igneous rock with at least 20% quartz and up to 65% alkali feldspar by volume.

The term "granitic" means granite-like and is applied to granite and a group of intrusive igneous rocks with similar textures and slight variations in composition and origin. These rocks mainly consist of feldspar, quartz, mica, and amphibole minerals, which form an interlocking, somewhat equigranular matrix of feldspar and quartz with scattered darker biotite mica and amphibole (often hornblende) peppering the lighter color minerals. Occasionally some individual crystals ( phenocrysts) are larger than the groundmass, in which case the texture is known as porphyritic. A granitic rock with a porphyritic texture is known as a granite porphyry. Granitoid is a general, descriptive field term for lighter-colored, coarse-grained igneous rocks. Petrographic examination is required for identification of specific types of granitoids.

Granite differs from granodiorite in that at least 35% of the feldspar in granite is alkali feldspar as opposed to plagioclase; it is the potassium feldspar that gives many granites a distinctive pink color. The extrusive igneous rock equivalent of granite is rhyolite.

Granite is nearly always massive (lacking any internal structures), hard and tough, and therefore it has gained widespread use throughout human history, and more recently as a construction stone. The average density of granite is between 2.65 and 2.75 g/cm, its compressive strength usually lies above 200 MPa, and its viscosity near STP is 3–6 • 10 Pa·s.

The melting temperature of dry granite at ambient pressure is ; it is strongly reduced in the presence of water, down to 650 °C at a few kBar pressure.

Granite has poor primary permeability, but strong secondary permeability.

The rock known as "black granite" is usually gabbro.

Granite (disambiguation)

Granite is a type of rock.

Granite may also refer to:

Granite (song)

"Granite" is the first single from Australian drum and bass band Pendulum's second studio album In Silico. It was released through Warner Music UK, and through the band's new Ear Storm imprint with Warner Music Group. The song entered the UK Singles Chart on 11 November 2007, peaking at number 29 on 2 December. The single is supposedly inspired by the likes of video game boss battles, including the theme of various battles against the Mario series' Bowser; it directly samples the beginning of the music from the castle stages in Super Mario World. Q Magazine named it 24th in the 50 top records of December 2007. When played in reverse, the main melody changes into the melody used in the end of the song, and vice versa. The song is featured in Need for Speed Undercover.

Granite (Stifter)

Granite (original German title: Granit) is a novella by Adalbert Stifter, included in his collection Colourful Stones, 1853 (original title: Bunte Steine). On a walk, the grandfather of the protagonist tells him the story of a family of resin extractors' vain endeavour to escape and the rescue of two children. It is the revised edition of the novella Die Pechbrenner, published in 1848.

Usage examples of "granite".

In the afterpart of the day, when about six miles from Granite House, their progress became much more difficult.

In the midst of that dark pavement, right before the lamplit steps, one single slab of the floor was new, hewn of pale gray granite, its surface rough against the worn, silken smoothness of the rest of the floor, though it, too, was covered with that agelong mantle of dust.

Most of all, groves of wild crab apples draped the lower hills like oases among the granite cliffs.

It was an oval-shaped chamber cut into a mound of earth with its floors flagged with stones while granite blocks lined the walls and were placed so that they formed a natural archlike structure across the entire roof.

The granite peaks north of Bu Awan, far off in the west, wrote a message on the sky.

The onagers being unharnessed, were thence led to their stable, and Pencroft before going to sleep gave vent to his feelings in a deep sigh of satisfaction that awoke all the echoes of Granite House.

Aberknowe was one of several substantial granite houses on the Balmoral land which were occupied by the estate managers.

Duc de Bercy, was set upon a vast rock, and the town of Bercy huddled round the foot of it and on great granite ledges some distance up.

Shortland could have sent a boy like Tommy Bickford, worth a million Shortlands, into that terrible granite box.

But it was no paradiseonly craggy black granite, dripping and sweating.

Across the entire surface, the black granite sweated and trickled, wept and dripped.

Beyond it rises the great mask of granite forming the apex, a bonier skeleton than any before seen.

Something sparkled, and on the hills north of town, she saw the noonday sun reflected off the windows of the big houses in Bonita Vista, like flecks of mica on a granite rock.

Copley, feeling as though his head were filled with hard knobs of spinning granite that crashed with sickening thuds against his brainpan, walked stiffly away to his own quarters.

The Breas, which then had been navigable almost to its source in the foothills of the Rim Mountains, had been crowded with barges bringing slabs of land coral, porphyry, granite, marble and all kinds of precious stones for the construction of the tombs.