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range
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
range
I.noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a bewildering variety/array/range
▪ a bewildering variety of choices
a broad range
▪ Sport is a part of a broad range of activities that we call leisure.
a colour range/range of colours (=a number of colours that you can choose from)
▪ There’s a wide colour range to choose from.
a colour range/range of colours (=a number of colours that you can choose from)
▪ There’s a wide colour range to choose from.
a comprehensive range of sth
▪ The town has a comprehensive range of sporting facilities.
a huge range/variety/selection etc
▪ a huge range of issues
a mountain range/chain (=a number of mountains in a line)
▪ The Alps are the largest mountain range in Europe.
a product range/line (=the range of things that a company makes and sells)
▪ We want to broaden the company’s product line.
a range of ability/ability range
▪ There is a wide range of ability within the class.
▪ Disruptive behaviour is more prominent in the lower ability range.
a range of ability/ability range
▪ There is a wide range of ability within the class.
▪ Disruptive behaviour is more prominent in the lower ability range.
a range of backgrounds
▪ People from a wide range of backgrounds go to watch football.
a range of facilities
▪ The range of facilities offered by this hotel is superb.
a range of issues
▪ A range of issues were debated at the meeting.
a range of items (=different types of items)
▪ Clay was used to make an impressive range of items.
a range of options
▪ The council is considering a range of options for improving the city’s transport system.
a wide range/variety/choice etc (of sth)
▪ This year’s festival includes a wide range of entertainers.
▪ holidays to a wide choice of destinations
age range
▪ young people in the 15–18 age range
an age group/bracket/range
▪ Men in the 50–65 age group are most at risk from heart disease.
▪ The school takes in children from the seven to eleven age range.
driving range
estimates range/vary from ... to ...
▪ Estimates of the number of homeless people in the city range from 6,000 to 10,000.
frequency range
▪ the frequency range of the human ear
full range of
▪ The Health Centre offers a full range of services.
in the ... age range
▪ young people in the 15–18 age range
in/outside sb’s price range (=used when saying that someone can/cannot afford to pay for something)
▪ Unfortunately, there was nothing in our price range.
point-blank range
▪ The bullet was fired at point-blank range.
prices range from £30 to £65 etc
▪ Over 1,000 paintings will be shown with prices ranging from £50 to £5,000.
range of expertise
▪ The committee hopes to draw on a wide range of expertise from different institutions.
rifle range
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
broad
▪ It would have been easy enough to find a broader range of opinions for last week's meetings.
▪ It is imperative that this policy be created and enacted with the broadest conceivable range of applications in mind.
▪ This, in turn, allows the subject to make sense of a broader range of sensations.
▪ It was to its urban centers that those interested in a better education and a broader range of opportunities were drawn.
close
▪ Dark brown duck best distinguished by white wing-bar and at close range by purple speculum.
▪ Fornek got a second chance at close range as Gingrich was leaving the luncheon.
▪ He looked as if he'd taken both barrels into his chest at very close range.
▪ There at very close range he shot a man he had disarmed.
▪ The cause of death was a shotgun blast at close range, and police are now investigating the illegal killing.
▪ An hour later when the police left, three youths were dead; they had been shot at close range.
▪ The nature of the wound suggests a bullet of medium calibre fired at close range, under 60 centimetres.
▪ The bass and eels often feed at extremely close range.
free
▪ Many of you know that free range chickens are a very important part of Crediton.
▪ I also take billy kids for a pal near me and rear them free range with lots of love and cuddles.
▪ It may make you want to ask the caterer if the coronation chicken was free range.
▪ These same eggs end up at a supermarket as fresh free range!
▪ We began detailed evaluation of the potential for free range chickens two years ago.
great
▪ Indeed, they see incineration as a solution to toxic waste whose usefulness should be employed on a greater range of materials.
▪ Geologists have to time Earth processes that lie in a great range of time periods, or time scales.
▪ The prototype unit used a length of 5m but you may find that a greater range can be achieved.
▪ At a great enough range it is impossible to tell.
▪ From Superdrug comes a great new range of hairbrushes.
▪ Customers are offered a greater range of destinations and flight times, while carriers can reduce capacity and share costs.
▪ The great range of taped music currently available adds today's modern sounds and brings another dimension to the class.
▪ Motley, bustling city crowd. Great range of beers and whiskies.
huge
▪ Hotels and how we grade them Enterprise has a huge range of hotels with something to suit all tastes and budgets.
▪ Versions are available on a huge range of hardware, and the file formats are interchangeable.
▪ He disarmingly admitted his lack of preparation for the huge range of problems with which he had to grapple.
▪ It was hung with pots and pans, and a huge range was slowly burning coal.
▪ Both products do calculations and supply a huge range of built in statistical and engineering functions.
▪ Dylan's voice has always been his greatest asset, carrying a huge range of emotions.
▪ They come in a huge range of colours and designs, often with matching inserts and border tiles.
large
▪ We sell dried flowers and herbs by the bunch and a large range of baskets.
▪ She tolerated such sensations as touch and a larger range of sound, and more frustration.
▪ Obviously, this large pitch range will make the model more difficult to fly in most other situations.
▪ Greenhouse gases are produced by a large range of natural and man-made processes throughout the woAd.
▪ People were using any of a large range of software products to perform what appeared to be the same basic tasks.
▪ Today, there is a large range of occupations open to women, which is very encouraging, but problems still remain.
▪ Hares that can not avoid areas with huge fields under monoculture compensate by establishing very large home ranges.
limited
▪ This happens only over a limited Reynolds number range.
▪ He was a Lord Chancellor with a limited range.
▪ This Lecture is open to the same objection in that it focuses on a very limited range of issues.
▪ Even tuning your radio can be done over a very limited range.
▪ How useful including this software is debatable since it has a limited range of file transfer protocols.
▪ Most clothes shops sell nothing we can wear, and specialist shops are expensive and offer a very limited range of images.
▪ They come with either a silvery anodised finish, or a factory-applied colour coating in a limited range of colours.
long
▪ The Helblaster has a strength of 5 at short range and 4 at long range.
▪ Even at long range, without the help of an on board computer, Earth could still supervise this operation.
▪ But boys have such a long range, Clelia, do pick up that crust.
▪ This means, of course, that each killing will have to take place at medium to long range.
▪ Generally speaking cannons have such a long range that it is pointless moving them about.
▪ Analysts also may project budget needs for long-range planning.
▪ Fishing for carp at long range is, on some waters, essential for success.
▪ The voters are capable of taking a long range outlook when they consider initiatives on the ballot.
narrow
▪ The northernmost zone has the least continuous plant cover, the most patterned ground exposed, and the narrowest range of communities.
▪ They hewed to a narrow ideological range, disdainful of progressives on the left and Patrick Buchanan on the right.
▪ However, while a narrow range of assets may maximise yield it also increases the exposure to risk.
▪ Specialised compartmentalization ensured that management was expert in the narrow range of financial services offered.
▪ Only a narrow range of speeds was viable.
▪ But the board provides only a narrow range of sensitivity on the variables under its own control.
▪ The black and white feeds in a narrow range of tree species and when none is fruiting it eats leaves.
▪ The girls, whose already narrow range of options and escape routes are limited still further, are the victims.
new
▪ Their new range includes patterned bodies, cycle shorts and wrap-around tops.
▪ The family of dinosaurs, faced with this vast new range of habitats, rose to greatness by exploiting it.
▪ Teachers can help to develop the ideas of any child by providing them with a new range of experiences.
▪ With the new sophisticated Finesse range you can be your own top hairdresser.
▪ Tesco has launched Body Blitz, a new range of toiletries specially designed for teenagers.
▪ The new ranges, Braemar, Rannoch and Royal Deeside, were welcomed by the trade.
▪ Bracken Twist is a stunning new Tufted range of 12 colours, manufactured in 50% wool, 50% polypropylene.
▪ Dunblane is a new giftware range from Edinburgh Crystal that features a delicate lace cut diamond pattern.
short
▪ The Helblaster has a strength of 5 at short range and 4 at long range.
▪ Most significantly in the short range, it could leave 49ers' offensive tackle Steve Wallace twisting in the wind.
▪ Morris claimed the third from short range.
▪ Normal saving throw modifiers apply: -2 at short range and -1 at long range.
▪ The heavy armament comprised 1,000 artillery pieces, but many were obsolete or short range.
▪ Viewed head-on from short range the animal is exceedingly hard to spot, provided it stands still.
▪ Another situation where I have been prepared to use a tube stem is for short range drifting.
▪ No need to be particularly careful at such short range.
whole
▪ Since about 1840 they had been expanding the scope of their products to include the whole range of cotton-processing machinery.
▪ C.. The microcomputer is the vanguard of a whole range of microprocessor based technologies.
▪ There were no Gee Bees from the past, but there were four replicas, covering virtually the whole range.
▪ Now there is a whole mountain range of chemical waste rising to the south along 1-80.
▪ Bristol, too, took in a whole range of seaborne food supplies.
▪ This could, of course, be extended to the whole range of non-personal tax allowances.
▪ It catches people's imagination, and becomes, as Harry wanted, a kind of pictogram to represent the whole range.
▪ A whole range of explanations might be available.
wide
▪ The merits of microwave digestion techniques for a wide range of matrices are stressed.
▪ Researcher Gordon Wells monitored closely the talk 20 children from a wide range of socioeconomic backgrounds engaged in at home and school.
▪ I read every message and carefully choose ones which will appeal to a wide range of your fellow readers.
▪ The revenue function also more nearly resembles a curve than a straight line over wide ranges of output.
▪ Correlations varied over a very wide range.
▪ Reality or unreality has to be established or argued on a much wider range of issues.
▪ The new financial management software is more powerful and flexible and is capable of providing a wide range of management information.
▪ The debate his book caused continues to rage around a wide range of interpretive schemes.
■ NOUN
age
▪ Special schools often take the full age range, including nursery and post-16.
▪ The useful age range may therefore be 20-300 ka, although its true limits have not been adequately explored.
▪ Internally the school is organized into separate departments, primary and secondary, which between them cover the entire school age range.
▪ Prevalence of deafness in the 50-55 age range is given by.
▪ It had been there for about a fortnight, and was in the right age range.
▪ Editorial Amicus is read by staff and pensioners, therefore the age range of the readership is wide.
▪ In theory the age range is in the order of a million years but in practice it may be less.
mountain
▪ These depths consist of vast mountain ranges, deep canyons, mighty steaming lava flows.
▪ The conversation could have loomed, a mountain range of awkwardnesses.
▪ To reach this desolate spot you set off at sun-up and head toward mountain ranges which scarcely ever get closer.
▪ They followed rivers for convenience, then struck out in a straight line, bisecting mountain ranges, cutting watersheds in half.
▪ Its mountain ranges, winding rivers, lush farmland and native bush sparkle beneath cloud-filled skies.
▪ The snow fell heavily, in a long pile like a sinking mountain range.
▪ The latest software can imitate the texture of flesh or the topography of a mountain range.
▪ A wash cuts the mountain range in half.
price
▪ This tells you how much you can borrow so that you can concentrate your search within a given price range.
▪ The company could not yet say what the retail price range would be.
▪ The 17 exhibitors at the fair had bought a mixed bag of drawings, spanning centuries and price ranges.
▪ What price range did I require?
▪ Available at Boots and usual stockists around the country, prices range from £1.05 to £3.15.
▪ It compares favorably with some of the tawny ports in the price range.
▪ Eating Out: Plenty of places in all price ranges - just look at the menu displayed and take your pick.
▪ A comprehensive, rather unusual wine list pushes diners into trying new wines in order to stay in an affordable price range.
product
▪ Each new financial futures exchange initially concentrates on local cash market instruments as a basis for its product range.
▪ You may hold or attend press conferences to announce news or show a product range.
▪ The product range includes finger wipes, shoe shine, shampoo, bath gels, shower caps, and sewing kits.
▪ New Fabric Backgrounds Colorama Photodisplay have extended their range of backgrounds by adding three new fabric materials to their product range.
▪ Briefly, this involves recasting the company into a number of operating divisions which take day-to-day decisions concerning particular product ranges.
▪ The foregoing analysis neglects the effects of firms' other competitive variables such as product quality, product range and product differentiation.
■ VERB
cover
▪ These schools will be selected to cover a range of criteria, but all will offer positive models of inter-adult practice.
▪ And they do not cover the full range of industries and occupations.
▪ Future agreements are intended to cover a wider range of industries.
▪ Notice that the three forms of power described cover an enormous range of processes.
▪ Even so they may also have difficulty in covering the full range of literature suggested, though not in understanding or enjoying it.
▪ They found that 50 economic appraisals had been published, covering a wide range of topics.
▪ An electronic publishing course for undergraduate computer scientists needs to cover a significantly wider range of topics.
▪ Occupation is the wider term which covers a range of jobs and the career of an individual in a community context.
develop
▪ The aim is to develop a wide range of office automation software.
▪ Mice can develop the full range of brain problems associated with the disease without any sign of the prions, they found.
▪ This is why Barclays has developed a range of insurance products and services designed to meet the needs of independent businesses.
▪ Serotec has developed a new range of unlabelled and conjugated monoclonal antibodies.
▪ They have since developed a wide range of contacts and membership to the group is now by election.
▪ The £750,000 raised will be used to develop the Tel-Me range of database access applications.
▪ The new software company will concentrate on the NextStep-on-Intel environment, but also plans to develop a range of surrounding software.
▪ We have also not mentioned the many different styles of analysis which have been developed for special parameter ranges.
extend
▪ Diverse printing and retouching techniques further extended the range of subjectivity to which photographers eagerly laid claim.
▪ Proposed new legislation will extend the range of exempt companies to include Manx-registered public companies.
▪ They will also be ideal in fog, twilight and dull weather, enhancing vague details and extending the range of visibility.
▪ The Hampshire-based iron-work firm has just extended its range of hammer-and-anvil pieces to include a selection of castings using original patterns.
▪ New Fabric Backgrounds Colorama Photodisplay have extended their range of backgrounds by adding three new fabric materials to their product range.
▪ These privileges extend across a wide range of positions even outside the core institutions of the establishment.
▪ So the less one has the less he is tempted to extend the range of his needs indefinitely.
offer
▪ They entered the pure search industry much more recently, and still offer their previous range of services.
▪ They offer a wide range of transactions under one roof.
▪ In the photographic chemicals market the company offers a range of intermediates and also chemicals for photo finishing.
▪ Customers are offered a greater range of destinations and flight times, while carriers can reduce capacity and share costs.
▪ They offered a wide range of services to the surrounding rural families.
▪ All the major players now offer a range of minimum price contracts, which will use options and futures indirectly.
▪ No single school-even a well-endowed public school-can offer a total range of subjects or kinds of teaching.
▪ A number of independent coach companies offer a range of departure points and times throughout the London area.
produce
▪ For anatomical reasons, chimps and gorillas can not produce a range of sounds sufficient for speech.
▪ The designers have produced a complete range, including shoes you wouldn't normally associate with Doc Martens.
▪ This maxim is also responsible for producing a large range of standard implicatures.
▪ Over its four years, the National Certificate Programme has produced a range of performers and technicians in this kind of music.
▪ We have for centuries harnessed yeast to produce a huge range of foodstuffs from bread to beer and wine.
▪ It is suited to large multi-divisional firms producing a wide range of products and/or operating across several countries.
provide
▪ It also provides for the range of tax payable for the bands.
▪ It will provide a range of high-technology treatment for skin diseases including dermatitis, skin cancer and psoriasis.
▪ We provide a comprehensive range of sizes to suit every yacht specification for leisure use or for the longest of passages.
▪ The evidence demonstrates that most small towns and even some villages provided a range of specialist goods and services.
▪ These were acute hospitals providing a full range of services to a population of about 100,000 - 150,000.
▪ Local authorities must provide a range and level of services appropriate to meet the need within their areas.
▪ Follow-ups - Henley can provide a range of follow-up services depending on the needs of the individual and the nominating organisation.
▪ They are open to students of all abilities, and provide a wide range of vocational and academic courses.
shoot
▪ Massenga pulled a Mini-Uzi from inside his overall and shot Sibele at point-blank range.
▪ An hour later when the police left, three youths were dead; they had been shot at close range.
▪ David Byrne fired in a cross from the right and Grant shrugged off Richard Gough to shoot home from close range.
▪ The sound of shooting from the firing range was frequent.
▪ The 18-year-old was shot at close range outside a post office in Exeter, Devon.
▪ Most of them were shot at close range.
▪ He traded gunfire with them for hours last April before they forced their way in and shot him at point-blank range.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a whole range/series/variety etc (of sth)
▪ A regular newsletter keeps people in touch and a whole series of social events are undertaken.
▪ Exercise, in addition to good nutrition, can guard against a whole range of serious ailments.
▪ I think it is going into your subconscious and picking up a whole series of signals.
▪ It is practical activity that is important; the handling of a whole range of materials.
▪ Knitters can choose from a whole range of techniques and their selection will be put on to a video, exclusive to them.
▪ Parks provide space for a whole range of events, from steam rallies to horse shows.
▪ Since then he had survived a whole series of setbacks.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ a gas range
▪ a rifle range
▪ A typical radio signal has a range of about 100 miles.
▪ As soon as the tanks came within range, the soldiers opened fire.
▪ Sansui planned to broaden its product range to include video equipment.
▪ The demonstrators were hurling rocks but the police stayed out of range.
▪ The enemy were just out of range of our cannon.
▪ the Hajar mountain range
▪ The rockets have a range of 4000 km.
▪ What's the gun's range?
▪ Williams is blessed with a 2¼ -octave range.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ But his wedge shots continually left him in 2-putt range.
▪ If inputs are managed within some appropriate range, discrimination of inputs becomes feasible.
▪ It is a case history of a range of courses designed for teachers and involving the study of language and of languages.
▪ Many ranges like the Cuillin or Ben Nevis are barely used for sport.
▪ The age range of the study population will enormously influence the final estimated prevalence rate.
▪ The temperatures in your kitchen and around your picnic table range from 65 to 95 degrees.
▪ The voters are capable of taking a long range outlook when they consider initiatives on the ballot.
▪ Trevor Thompson says they are aiming to attract a vast range of customers - from charities to post offices.
II.verb
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADVERB
widely
▪ It is fair to say that the disposals ranged widely from the good to the very poor.
▪ The brownfields range widely in size, from half-acre former gas stations to 700-acre shuttered steel plants.
▪ Outside the breeding season, the terns are pelagic, ranging widely over the oceans.
▪ The discussion began to range widely in the field of personal morals.
▪ In San Francisco, they range widely in size.
■ NOUN
activity
▪ At the trading level Heron's activities, ranging from Suzuki dealerships, petrol stations to housebuilding, broke even.
▪ Wolf Ridge offers activities ranging from learning about beavers and whitetail deer to nature hikes and rock climbing.
▪ He joined an athletic club in which there were a large number of activities ranging from yoga to judo.
age
▪ While it occurs most often in adolescence, the age of onset can range from pre-adolescence to middle age.
▪ Ormesby has a membership of just over 30 in ages ranging up to 84.
▪ The ages ranged from twenty-one to seventy-two, with 83 percent of the group falling between the ages of twenty-four and sixty-six.
▪ The 106-strong youth orchestra is made up of players from across Dorset, with ages ranging from 14 to 18.
▪ The group included 12 women and eight men, ages ranging from six to 84 years.
▪ Six women and 13 men with ages ranging from 14 to 66 years.
estimate
▪ Reductions were experienced in all of the towns, with the estimates of effect ranging from four to thirty percent.
▪ Clinton has opposed the system, whose cost estimates range up to $ 60 billion.
▪ Proceeds are expected to be in the region of £150,000 with estimates ranging from £200 to £7,000.
▪ But their estimates range between 9 and 16 billion years because different researchers feed different assumptions into their models.
▪ The present sale comprises 121 lots, with estimates ranging from £100-200 to £150,000-200,000.
level
▪ Offers a variety of courses, at management and other levels, ranging from one day to ten half-days.
▪ They were all healthy and had blood cholesterol levels ranging from 220 to 290 milligrams per deciliter.
▪ Autopsies showed levels of digoxin ranging from 16 to 39 times those expected from the doses prescribed.
▪ Some studies of portable cassette players found that test subjects used headphones at levels ranging from 65-112 decibels.
▪ The perceptions and attitudes are being analysed at various levels ranging from intellectual appreciation to popular stereotypes.
▪ Anxiety can be experienced at various levels ranging from mild feelings of uneasiness to the severe terror that accompanies panic attacks.
▪ The serum magnesium level usually ranges between 0. 3 and 1. 0 mmol / L when tetany occurs.
price
▪ Over 1,000 works will be shown with prices ranging from £50 to £5,000.
▪ Their wage and price systems ranged from subsidized wages to salaries or piece work rates.
▪ If 41 houses were built, the prices would range from £32,000 to £80,000.
▪ Lunch prices range from $ 5. 75 to $ 8. 50; dinner, $ 9 to $ 14.
▪ The price ranges from about $ 35 a night to $ 100.
▪ He installs about a half-dozen vault doors in homes each year at prices ranging from $ 6,000 to $ 12,000.
▪ With prices ranging from about $ 20 to $ 200, the units can be affordable and easy to obtain.
▪ Room prices range from $ 56 to $ 72 during high season to $ 29 to $ 46 during low.
size
▪ Those responding to the survey reported average class sizes ranging from 36 to special, one-on- one instruction.
▪ Lot sizes would range from 6, 000 to 30, 000 square feet.
subject
▪ It consists of nine subjects ranging from Business Communications to Supervisory Skills.
▪ Their subjects ranged from writers and actors to politicians and businessmen.
▪ La Tour was a master of light whose subjects ranged from con artists to saints.
▪ Although he often observed small numbers of children, his observations of the same subjects on occasion ranged over years.
temperature
▪ The winters are long and very cold, with temperatures ranging between -16°C and -48°C from October to March.
▪ The sun is becoming a factor as temperatures range between 69 to 78 degrees.
topic
▪ The World Around Us Fascinating topics for young learners ranging from blood banks to deserts.
▪ You can also buy additional video clips on topics ranging from sci-fi to nostalgia.
variety
▪ Besides these there is an enormous variety of miscellaneous applications ranging from architectural models through elegant furniture to engineering components.
▪ Sheet steel is used in a wide variety of applications ranging from pails to car hoods.
▪ It is also exercised in a variety of ways, ranging from a forthright presentation of data to outright deception.
▪ More than half will be birds; the rest will be the four-legged variety, ranging from rabbits to opossums.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ All five kids, ranging in age from 10 to 19, were in this wedding.
▪ Bidets are scarcely inexpensive, ranging from $ 250 to $ 800 just for the fixture.
▪ Children are ranged in order of their performance in the last test.
▪ His animals were ranged around the room.
▪ Prices range from around £5 for a door in pine, to £7.50 in cherry.
▪ Rates range from $ 195 for a single room to $ 400 for two in a suite.
▪ The locations range from former weapons production facilities to fuel tanks to federal landfills.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Range

Range \Range\ (r[=a]nj), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ranged (r[=a]njd); p. pr. & vb. n. Ranging (r[=a]n"j[i^]ng).] [OE. rengen, OF. rengier, F. ranger, OF. renc row, rank, F. rang; of German origin. See Rank, n.]

  1. To set in a row, or in rows; to place in a regular line or lines, or in ranks; to dispose in the proper order; to rank; as, to range soldiers in line.

    Maccabeus ranged his army by bands.
    --2 Macc. xii. 20.

  2. To place (as a single individual) among others in a line, row, or order, as in the ranks of an army; -- usually, reflexively and figuratively, (in the sense) to espouse a cause, to join a party, etc.

    It would be absurd in me to range myself on the side of the Duke of Bedford and the corresponding society.
    --Burke.

  3. To separate into parts; to sift. [Obs.]
    --Holland.

  4. To dispose in a classified or in systematic order; to arrange regularly; as, to range plants and animals in genera and species.

  5. To rove over or through; as, to range the fields.

    Teach him to range the ditch, and force the brake.
    --Gay.

  6. To sail or pass in a direction parallel to or near; as, to range the coast.

    Note: Compare the last two senses (5 and 6) with the French ranger une c[^o]te.

  7. (Biol.) To be native to, or to live in; to frequent.

Range

Range \Range\, n. [From Range, v.: cf. F. rang['e]e.]

  1. A series of things in a line; a row; a rank; as, a range of buildings; a range of mountains.

  2. An aggregate of individuals in one rank or degree; an order; a class.

    The next range of beings above him are the immaterial intelligences.
    --Sir M. Hale.

  3. The step of a ladder; a rung.
    --Clarendon.

  4. A kitchen grate. [Obs.]

    He was bid at his first coming to take off the range, and let down the cinders.
    --L'Estrange.

  5. An extended cooking apparatus of cast iron, set in brickwork, and affording conveniences for various ways of cooking; also, a kind of cooking stove.

  6. A bolting sieve to sift meal. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

  7. A wandering or roving; a going to and fro; an excursion; a ramble; an expedition.

    He may take a range all the world over.
    --South.

  8. That which may be ranged over; place or room for excursion; especially, a region of country in which cattle or sheep may wander and pasture.

  9. Extent or space taken in by anything excursive; compass or extent of excursion; reach; scope; discursive power; as, the range of one's voice, or authority.

    Far as creation's ample range extends.
    --Pope.

    The range and compass of Hammond's knowledge filled the whole circle of the arts.
    --Bp. Fell.

    A man has not enough range of thought.
    --Addison.

  10. (Biol.) The region within which a plant or animal naturally lives.

  11. (Gun.)

    1. The horizontal distance to which a shot or other projectile is carried.

    2. Sometimes, less properly, the trajectory of a shot or projectile.

    3. A place where shooting, as with cannons or rifles, is practiced.

  12. In the public land system of the United States, a row or line of townships lying between two successive meridian lines six miles apart.

    Note: The meridians included in each great survey are numbered in order east and west from the ``principal meridian'' of that survey, and the townships in the range are numbered north and south from the ``base line,'' which runs east and west; as, township No. 6, N., range 7, W., from the fifth principal meridian.

  13. (Naut.) See Range of cable, below.

    Range of accommodation (Optics), the distance between the near point and the far point of distinct vision, -- usually measured and designated by the strength of the lens which if added to the refracting media of the eye would cause the rays from the near point to appear as if they came from the far point.

    Range finder (Gunnery), an instrument, or apparatus, variously constructed, for ascertaining the distance of an inaccessible object, -- used to determine what elevation must be given to a gun in order to hit the object; a position finder.

    Range of cable (Naut.), a certain length of slack cable ranged along the deck preparatory to letting go the anchor.

    Range work (Masonry), masonry of squared stones laid in courses each of which is of even height throughout the length of the wall; -- distinguished from broken range work, which consists of squared stones laid in courses not continuously of even height.

    To get the range of (an object) (Gun.), to find the angle at which the piece must be raised to reach (the object) without carrying beyond.

Range

Range \Range\, v. i.

  1. To rove at large; to wander without restraint or direction; to roam.

    Like a ranging spaniel that barks at every bird he sees.
    --Burton.

  2. To have range; to change or differ within limits; to be capable of projecting, or to admit of being projected, especially as to horizontal distance; as, the temperature ranged through seventy degrees Fahrenheit; the gun ranges three miles; the shot ranged four miles.

  3. To be placed in order; to be ranked; to admit of arrangement or classification; to rank.

    And range with humble livers in content.
    --Shak.

  4. To have a certain direction; to correspond in direction; to be or keep in a corresponding line; to trend or run; -- often followed by with; as, the front of a house ranges with the street; to range along the coast.

    Which way the forests range.
    --Dryden.

  5. (Biol.) To be native to, or live in, a certain district or region; as, the peba ranges from Texas to Paraguay.

    Syn: To rove; roam; ramble; wander; stroll.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
range

c.1200, rengen, "move over a large area, roam with the purpose of searching or hunting," from Old French ranger, earlier rengier "to place in a row, arrange; get into line," from reng "row, line," from a Germanic source (see rank (n.)). Sense of "to arrange in rows" is recorded from c.1300; intransitive sense of "exist in a row or rows" is from c.1600. Related: Ranged; ranging.

range

c.1200, "row or line of persons" (especially hunters or soldiers), from Old French range "range, rank" (see range (v.)). General sense of "line, row" is from early 14c.; meaning "row of mountains" is from 1705.\n

\nMeaning "scope, extent" first recorded late 15c.; that of "area over which animals seek food" is from 1620s, from the verb. Specific U.S. sense of "series of townships six miles in width" is from 1785. Sense of "distance a gun can send a bullet" is recorded from 1590s; meaning "place used for shooting practice" is from 1862. The cooking appliance so called since mid-15c., for unknown reasons. Originally a stove built into a fireplace with openings on top for multiple operations. Range-finder attested from 1872.

Wiktionary
range

n. 1 A line or series of mountains, buildings, etc. 2 A fireplace; a fire or other cooking apparatus; now specifically, a large cooking stove with many hotplates. 3 Selection, array. vb. 1 (context intransitive English) To travel (term: over) (an area, etc); to roam, wander. (from 15th c.) 2 (context transitive English) To rove over or through. 3 (context obsolete intransitive English) To exercise the power of something over something else; to cause to submit (term: to), (term: over). (16th-19th c.) 4 (context transitive English) To bring (something) into a specified position or relationship (especially, of opposition) with something else. (from 16th c.) 5 (context intransitive English) (''mathematics, computing''; ''followed by'' '''over''') Of a variable, to be able to take any of the values in a specified range.

WordNet
range
  1. v. change or be different within limits; "Estimates for the losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion"; "Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent"; "The instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals"; "My students range from very bright to dull" [syn: run]

  2. move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment; "The gypsies roamed the woods"; "roving vagabonds"; "the wandering Jew"; "The cattle roam across the prairie"; "the laborers drift from one town to the next"; "They rolled from town to town" [syn: roll, wander, swan, stray, tramp, roam, cast, ramble, rove, drift, vagabond]

  3. have a range; be capable of projecting over a certain distance, as of a gun; "This gun ranges over two miles"

  4. range or extend over; occupy a certain area; "The plants straddle the entire state" [syn: straddle]

  5. lay out in a line [syn: array, lay out, set out]

  6. feed as in a meadow or pasture; "the herd was grazing" [syn: crop, browse, graze, pasture]

  7. let eat; "range the animals in the prairie"

  8. assign a rank or rating to; "how would you rank these students?"; "The restaurant is rated highly in the food guide" [syn: rate, rank, order, grade, place]

range
  1. n. an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control: "the range of a supersonic jet"; "the ambit of municipal legislation"; "within the compass of this article"; "within the scope of an investigation"; "outside the reach of the law"; "in the political orbit of a world power" [syn: scope, reach, orbit, compass, ambit]

  2. the limits within which something can be effective; "range of motion"; "he was beyond the reach of their fire" [syn: reach]

  3. a large tract of grassy open land on which livestock can graze; "they used to drive the cattle across the open range every spring"; "he dreamed of a home on the range"

  4. a series of hills or mountains; "the valley was between two ranges of hills"; "the plains lay just beyond the mountain range" [syn: mountain range, range of mountains, chain, mountain chain, chain of mountains]

  5. a place for shooting (firing or driving) projectiles of various kinds; "the army maintains a missile range in the desert"; "any good golf club will have a range where you can practice"

  6. the limits of the values a function can take; "the range of this function is the interval from 0 to 1"

  7. a variety of different things or activities; "he answered a range of questions"; "he was impressed by the range and diversity of the collection"

  8. the limit of capability; "within the compass of education" [syn: compass, reach, grasp]

  9. a kitchen appliance used for cooking food; "dinner was already on the stove" [syn: stove, kitchen stove, kitchen range, cooking stove]

Gazetteer
Wikipedia
Range

Range may refer to:

Range (statistics)

In arithmetic, the range of a set of data is the difference between the largest and smallest values.

However, in descriptive statistics, this concept of range has a more complex meaning. The range is the size of the smallest interval which contains all the data and provides an indication of statistical dispersion. It is measured in the same units as the data. Since it only depends on two of the observations, it is most useful in representing the dispersion of small data sets.

Range (mathematics)

In mathematics, and more specifically in naive set theory, the range of a function refers to either the codomain or the image of the function, depending upon usage. Modern usage almost always uses range to mean image.

The codomain of a function is some arbitrary set. In real analysis, it is the real numbers. In complex analysis, it is the complex numbers.

The image of a function is the set of all outputs of the function. The image is always a subset of the codomain.

Range (computer programming)

In computer science, the term range may refer to one of three things:

  1. The possible values that may be stored in a variable.
  2. The upper and lower bounds of an array.
  3. An alternative to iterator.
Range (geographic)

Range, a geographic term referring to a chain of hills or mountains; a somewhat linear, complex mountainous or hilly area.

Range (music)

In music, the range of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play. For a singing voice, the equivalent is vocal range. The range of a musical part is the distance between its lowest and highest note.

The terms sounding range, written range, designated range, duration range and dynamic range have specific meanings.

The sounding range

 "Music theory online : musical instrument ranges & names",
 Brian Blood, Dolmetsch.com, 2009, webpage:
 Dolmetsch-M29.

refers to the pitches produced by an instrument, while the written range refers to the compass (span) of notes written in the sheet music, where the part is sometimes transposed for convenience. A piccolo, for example, typically has a sounding range one octave higher than its written range. The designated range is the set of notes the player should or can achieve while playing. All instruments have a designated range, and all pitched instruments have a playing range. Timbre, dynamics, and duration ranges are interrelated and one may achieve registral range at the expense of timbre. The designated range is thus the range in which a player is expected to have comfortable control of all aspects.

The duration range is the difference between the shortest and longest rhythm used. Dynamic range is the difference between the quietest and loudest volume of an instrument, part or piece of music.

Although woodwind instruments and string instruments have no theoretical upper limit to their range (subject to practical limits), they generally cannot go below their designated range. Brass instruments, on the other hand, can play beyond their designated ranges. Notes lower than the brass instrument's designated range are called pedal tones. The playing range of a brass instrument depends on both the technical limitations of the instrument and the skill of the player.

Classical arrangements seldom make woodwind or brass instruments play beyond their designed range. String musicians play the bottom of their ranges very frequently, but the top of a string instrument's range is rather fuzzy, and it is unusual for a string player to exceed the designated range. It is quite rare for wind musicians to play the extremes of their instruments. The most common exception is that in many 20th century works, pedal tones are called for in bass trombones.

This chart uses standard numberings for octaves where middle C corresponds to C4. In the MIDI language middle C is simply referred to as 'Middle C', which is MIDI note number 60.

The lowest note that a pipe organ can sound (with a true pipe) is C-1 (or CCCC), which is 8 Hz, not visible on this chart. However, if acoustic combination (a note and its fifth) counts, the lowest note is C-2 (or CCCCC), which is 4 Hz.

Range (biology)

In biology, the range or distribution of a species is the geographical area within which that species can be found. Within that range, dispersion is variation in local density.

The term is often qualified:

  • Sometimes a distinction is made between a species' natural, endemic, or native range where it historically originated and lived, and the range where a species has more recently established itself. Many terms are used to describe the new range, such as non-native, naturalized, introduced, transplanted, invasive, or colonized range. Introduced typically means that a species has been transported by humans (intentionally or accidentally) across a major geographical barrier.
  • For species found in different regions at different times of year, terms such as summer range and winter range are often employed.
  • For species for which only part of their range is used for breeding activity, the terms breeding range and non-breeding range are used.
  • For mobile animals, the term natural range is often used, as opposed to areas where it occurs as a vagrant.
  • Geographic or temporal qualifiers are often added: for example, British range or pre-1950 range.

There are at least five types of distribution patterns:

  • Scattered/random (Random placement)
  • Clustered/grouped (Most are placed in one area)
  • Linear (Their placements form a line)
  • Radial (Placements form an ' x ' shape)
  • Regular/ordered (They are not random at all, but follow a set placement. Much like a grid)
Range (aeronautics)

The maximal total range is the maximum distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft. The range can be seen as the cross-country ground speed multiplied by the maximum time in the air. The fuel time limit for powered aircraft is fixed by the fuel load and rate of consumption. When all fuel is consumed, the engines stop and the aircraft will lose its propulsion.

Ferry range means the maximum range the aircraft can fly. This usually means maximum fuel load, optionally with extra fuel tanks and minimum equipment. It refers to transport of aircraft for use on remote location without any passengers or cargo. Combat range is the maximum range the aircraft can fly when carrying ordnance. Combat radius is a related measure based on the maximum distance a warplane can travel from its base of operations, accomplish some objective, and return to its original airfield with minimal reserves.

Range (particle radiation)

In passing through matter, charged particles ionize and thus lose energy in many steps, until their energy is (almost) zero. The distance to this point is called the range of the particle. The range depends on the type of particle, on its initial energy and on the material through which it passes.

For example, if the ionising particle passing through the material is a positive ion like an alpha particle or proton, it will collide with atomic electrons in the material via Coulombic interaction. Since the mass of the proton or alpha particle is much greater than that of the electron, there will be no significant deviation from the radiation's incident path and very little kinetic energy will be lost in each collision. As such, it will take many successive collisions for such heavy ionising radiation to come to a halt within the stopping medium or material. Maximum energy loss will take place in a head-on collision with an electron.

Since large angle scattering is rare for positive ions, a range may be well defined for that radiation, depending on its energy and charge, as well as the ionisation energy of the stopping medium. Since the nature of such interactions is statistical, the number of collisions required to bring a radiation particle to rest within the medium will vary slightly with each particle (i.e., some may travel further and undergo less collisions than others). Hence, there will be a small variation in the range, known as straggling.

The energy loss per unit distance (and hence, the density of ionization), or stopping power also depends on the type and energy of the particle and on the material. Usually, the energy loss per unit distance increases while the particle slows down. The curve describing this fact is called the Bragg curve. Shortly before the end, the energy loss passes through a maximum, the Bragg Peak, and then drops to zero (see the figures in Bragg Peak and in stopping power). This fact is of great practical importance for radiation therapy.

The range of alpha particles in ambient air amounts to only several centimeters; this type of radiation can therefore be stopped by a sheet of paper. Although beta particles scatter much more than alpha particles, a range can still be defined; it frequently amounts to several hundred centimeters of air.

The mean range can be calculated by integrating the inverse stopping power over energy.

Usage examples of "range".

I was staring up at the stars, thinking of the Gibson and McIlroy and that abo walking out alive, trying to picture what had really happened, my thoughts ranging and the truth elusive.

Bar area of Western Australia for the Aboriginal people of the Warburton Ranges area.

I know how instinctively academicism everywhere must range itself on Mr.

Fernbrake Lake, one of the four magical lakes in Achar, lay deep in the Bracken Ranges far to the south of the Avarinheim, and the Avar people had to travel secretly through the hostile Skarabost Plains to reach the lake they called the Mother.

I had adjusted them for maximum acuity at distances ranging from two inches to five feet.

Airthrey Castle, standing in a fine park with a lake, adjoins the town on the south-east, and just beyond it are the old church and burying-ground of Logie, beautifully situated at the foot of a granite spur of the Ochil range.

This material was another strictly non-Mesklinite product, a piece of molecular architecture vaguely analogous to zeolite in structure, which adsorbed hydrogen on the inner walls of its structural channels and, within a wide temperature range, maintained an equilibrium partial pressure with the gas which was compatible with Mesklinite metabolic needs.

It must not be forgotten that his modelled work derives an adventitious merit from the splendour of the frescoes with which it is surrounded, and from our admiration of the astounding range of power manifested by their author.

Plague can be grown easily in a wide range of temperatures and media, and we eventually developed a plague weapon capable of surviving in an aerosol while maintaining its killing capacity.

Pakistan has been producing and testing, on an experimental basis, a wide range of odd drugs, both amphetamines and narcotics, in pill, liquid, and aerosol form.

The three Afghani officers ranged themselves around the room, an ominous presence.

Hector ranged on, now flaring along the front, now shouting his orders back toward the rear, all of him armed in bronze aflash like lightning flung by Father Zeus with his battle-shield of thunder.

Valley of Chamonix, bounded on one side by the Mont Blanc range and on the other by the Aiguilles Rouges chain, was like a natural platform from which to view the highest peak of Europe.

With his toes locked in branchiets, Alfin reeled the bird into knife range.

If you camp on this prominence, in the alpenglow the distant range looks like the side of a different world, rolling slowly up into the sky.