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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
plant
I.noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a chemical plant (=factory producing chemicals)
▪ There has been an explosion at a chemical plant in Germany.
a human/animal/plant cell
▪ the structure of plant cells
a plant eater (=an animal that only eats plants)
▪ Most insects are plant eaters.
a pond plant
bird/animal/plant species
▪ You can see many different bird species on the canal.
climbing rose/plant
organic/plant material
▪ Animals depend on plant material for food.
plant a bomb (=put a bomb somewhere)
▪ It is thought that right-wing extremists planted the bomb.
plant a crop
▪ Farmers burn their fields in preparation for planting crops.
plant a forest
▪ Large areas of forest have been planted.
plant a garden
▪ They planted a beautiful rose garden in her memory.
plant a kiss on sb's cheek/forehead etc (=to kiss someone on their cheek etc)
▪ Stephen planted a kiss on his daughter’s forehead.
plant evidence (=deliberately put evidence somewhere to make someone look guilty)
▪ He claims the evidence was planted there by the police.
plant/animal ecology (=the animals, plants etc that live in a particular place)
▪ a new book about the plant ecology of this fascinating area
plant/garden/industrial etc debris
▪ Clean the ventilation ducts to remove dust and insect debris.
plant/sow seeds (=put them in the soil)
▪ Sow the seeds in trays or pots.
pot plant
potted plant
▪ a potted plant
power plant
rubber plant
spray crops/plants etc (=cover them with liquid to protect them from insects or disease)
▪ The fruit is sprayed every four weeks.
the growing/planting etc season (=for growing or planting crops)
▪ The growing season is short in these mountainous areas.
vanilla/malt/plant etc extract
▪ Add one teaspoon of vanilla extract.
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
aquatic
▪ A terrestrial plant will always be stunted in growth and assimilation and can never be a match for a true aquatic plant.
▪ Some aquatic plants develop seeds which germinate immediately after maturing.
▪ This tends to rob submerged aquatic plants of light and hinder their growth.
▪ It is a typical aquatic plant with a very short rhizome; stems are very thin, rooting or floating in water.
▪ It is easy to maintain and does not need either aquatic plant life, fish or snails.
▪ It will be more advantageous for the aquarist to acquire pre-cultivated seedlings or fully developed plants from aquatic plant shops.
▪ He has also experimented with aquatic plants.
▪ An aquarium two or three years old is an ideal environment for the growth and development of all species of aquatic plants.
large
▪ So does the vulnerability of people at work, or moving through the transport networks, or living near large industrial plants.
▪ The immediate cause of last week's blackouts was a large power plant suddenly going offline in Northern California.
▪ If you do desire greenery, it is best to use large plastic plants.
▪ All life is interdependent on the natural environment, from the smallest bacteria to the largest animal or plant - even man.
▪ For even larger plants use more than one Y-Stake.
▪ Microscopical details are not so well-preserved, and the fossil is, of course, only a fragment of a larger plant.
▪ With the Amazon Swords, there are lot of very good, very large plants becoming available at the moment.
▪ Shopfloor bargaining became standard in large plants and effective national negotiations became the norm.
new
▪ The tree does die, but a new plant springs up each season at the foot of each dead tree.
▪ Within a year as many as 60 new plants can develop from four to ten such inflorescences.
▪ Substantial investment programmes in information technology and new effluent treatment plant to meet the latest regulatory requirements were also initiated.
▪ Actually I was just starting to go over the new plant feasibility study when you called.
▪ These mate, fly away and the females find new plants to lay eggs on.
▪ Fourth, success requires the new consolidated plant to perform work previously assigned to five facilities.
▪ They cover the construction of new plants, waste reduction, energy and resource conservation and recycling.
▪ Fifth, Wireboard expects the new plant to reduce delivery times by a factor of three while simultaneously achieving zero defects.
nuclear
▪ During 1991, there were a total of 270 unplanned stoppages at nuclear plants.
▪ The findings could lead to improved seismic safety standards at nuclear plants.
▪ That the falsehoods concerned a nuclear power plant sharpened the dismay.
▪ Even if they keep within budget, nuclear plants are at least twice as expensive to build as coal stations.
▪ Military hardware and a nuclear power plant earn hard currency.
▪ Bush's scheme would brighten prospects for nuclear power by granting companies a single licence to build and operate nuclear plants.
▪ Another worry is that nuclear material from defunct nuclear power plants and dismantled nuclear weapons might end up in the wrong hands.
other
▪ Underplanting is another association with other plants that has its problems.
▪ The plant is very attractive, and provides excellent contrast to other plants.
▪ Possible foods include leaves from various trees and from other kinds of plant.
▪ Along with all the other indoor plants that fern received lavish treatment.
▪ You may also find them on other kinds of plant.
▪ And what about the seeds of your other garden plants?
▪ Therefore other plants should not be planted too near it.
▪ The economic consequences for food crops and other plants of the resulting increase in ultraviolet radiation have received less attention.
potted
▪ Katina puts out her best potted plant on a stand on the pavement in the summer.
▪ Suspend a cage from a strong hook in the ceiling and fill it with potted plants, preferably the trailing kind.
▪ Polling stations would be awash with coffee machines and potted plants.
▪ Patterned rugs adorned the floor and the walls. Potted jungle plants were everywhere.
▪ This obviously does not occur with well-grown potted plants.
▪ And they disappeared behind a potted plant.
small
▪ A tree is shown in the Niobid picture, trees and small plants in the vase illustrated in figs. 109 and 116.
▪ He moved to the far end of the living room and boiled a small young spider plant.
▪ A pronounced shift towards decentralized smaller plants, and towards non manufacturing activities in the economy, has already occurred.
▪ These four varieties are ideal small garden plants, as they grow on a single stem and don't need pruning.
▪ A few small plants will help provide shade and shelter for the animals, and food for some of them.
▪ Crops with smaller plants should be treated first.
▪ Grown in sand or clay alone, it will produce smaller, slow-growing plants.
■ NOUN
assembly
▪ He spent 18 years working for Ford, ending up as manager of its Dearborn assembly plant.
▪ The unions at Ford claimed the car giant is to shed 3,000 jobs at its main assembly plants.
garden
▪ Ants often farm colonies of aphids on garden plants, feeding off their honeydew, while protecting the aphids from predators.
▪ Translated into reality, it means a self-contained sewage treatment garden plant and a haven for Britain's natural flora.
▪ These four varieties are ideal small garden plants, as they grow on a single stem and don't need pruning.
▪ Firstly we need some seeds to grow our garden plants from.
▪ And what about the seeds of your other garden plants?
▪ The project aims to sort out which garden plants can be harmful, and to define just how toxic they really are.
▪ Stocks of potatoes, apples, strawberries as well as an array of garden plants are produced in this way.
growth
▪ The fry drift with the current to the relative safety of plant growths.
▪ This highly engineered plumbing produced concentrated plant growth in cramped spaces.
▪ But, as every good gardener knows, healthy plant growth depends very much on the fertility and structure of the soil.
▪ F Fertiliser substrate Compound mixed with gravel to promote plant growth.
▪ It is known that, beyond a certain age, plant growth slows down.
▪ Grolux tubes are great for promoting plant growth, but they do give everything a pinkish tinge.
▪ The tank has all the mod. cons. for plant growth, including CO2 injection and undergravel heating.
▪ First we will give a brief overview of plant growth analysis.
life
▪ Even plant life has some intelligence, it's a matter of degree.
▪ She does not simply restore plant life, but teaches the secrets of agriculture, giving humans control over their food supply.
▪ It is easy to maintain and does not need either aquatic plant life, fish or snails.
▪ It is ideal for sighting rare arctic-alpine species of plant life.
▪ There's a great variety of bracken, ferns and other plant life.
▪ This kills the fish and plant life.
▪ Distressed by mindless vandalism that destroys trees and flowers they are keeping a watchful eye on plant life.
▪ Like the oceans in general, healthy reefs seem remarkably free of plant life.
material
▪ However, a real plant will be constrained by the amount of already existing plant material and its needs.
▪ Each time any plant material was harvested, it was laboriously weighed and recorded by the biospherians.
▪ Orfe are ideal inhabitants for a planted pond, as they only eat small amounts of plant material.
▪ York said that reconstituted tobacco is made by separating water-soluble elements, including nicotine, from the tobacco plant material.
▪ Another similar material is the partly rotted plant material in garden compost heaps.
▪ Most 14C ages are determined from the carbon in dead plant material.
▪ A second explanation is that antibiotic production is rooted in the plant material that is the food source.
▪ Gooey and black, the muck is full of decaying plant material.
pot
▪ Extra humidity can often be provided by the use of well watered pot plants.
▪ In the commercial horticultural field, the mass production of pot plants has been facilitated through cloning.
▪ The walls are splashed with blood, Ann's pot plants strewn everywhere.
▪ She had also had a pot plant on the chest called David.
▪ One of my patio pot plants suddenly wilted and died.
▪ The 14-watt windowsill tray base gently warms the compost and strengthens root growth of pot plants during cold weather.
▪ The competition for a healthy pot plant was won by A McClelland while S Coll was runner-up.
▪ Customs Offficers found the drugs hidden in a lorry load of pot plants at Sheerness Docks in January last year.
power
▪ That the falsehoods concerned a nuclear power plant sharpened the dismay.
▪ The concern arises when a nuclear power plant is refueled.
▪ Commercial organisations such as Wartsila, a leading producer of diesel power plants, have already begun using the software.
▪ The utility defaulted on over $ 2 billion in borrowing, used to pay for nuclear power plants.
▪ The plant will initially reprocess irradiated fuels from the country's five existing nuclear power plants.
▪ In Grozny, the capital of Chechnya, gunmen reportedly seized 30 workers at an electrical power plant.
▪ Military hardware and a nuclear power plant earn hard currency.
treatment
▪ Substantial investment programmes in information technology and new effluent treatment plant to meet the latest regulatory requirements were also initiated.
▪ San Diego pulled out of that project last fall, saying it would build its own treatment plant in the valley.
▪ The mechanical and water-#treatment plant is contained in the basement.
▪ Since incorporating in 1988, the city has connected fewer than half its residents and other users to its wastewater treatment plant.
▪ Nothing is maintained, sewer networks, water pipes, or treatment plants, so health hazards have flourished.
▪ Example: Diamond is supposed to provide the sewer lines and a treatment plant.
▪ In the North East the commissioning of treatment plants and other pollution control measures will lead to a drop in discharges.
■ VERB
build
▪ If you build a water plant in a desert using mediocre technology, you're a superstar.
▪ In the late seventies we conducted a pilot evaluation of video tele-conferencing for a group of engineers building a new manufacturing plant.
▪ It wants to increase this amount by building 20 new plants by 2010.
▪ San Diego pulled out of that project last fall, saying it would build its own treatment plant in the valley.
▪ Watertight had hoped to build a £3m plant, creating almost 90 jobs near a spring at Hendre Ddu.
▪ More than forty team rooms have been built in the plant for team meetings, briefings and debriefings, and work breaks.
▪ The company wanting to build the plant has reported massive pre-tax losses.
▪ It anticipated building another new plant every two years.
close
▪ The group is closing the St Austell plant despite recent capital investment and numerous employment initiatives.
▪ Should you close an antiquated plant, retool it, or sell it?
▪ Do firms close their branch plants before their headquarters?
▪ The engineering firm, Meco is to close its plant at Ashchurch near Tewkesbury, making around 350 staff redundant.
▪ Tavlin also speculated there may be cost savings from closing manufacturing plants.
▪ Anheuser-Busch even threatened to close its St Louis plant if the tax measure passed, though nobody believed that.
▪ They closed a few plants and decided to use the idle machinery to make plastic chips for cigarette filters.
grow
▪ Because of its specialist requirements it should be grown as a specimen plant on its own.
▪ The tube-type filter also has less chance of getting tangled in the growing roots of the plants.
▪ Now the Trust is appealing for gardening enthusiasts to grow plants and donate them in time for the Fair.
▪ The police were forced to grow mature plants from the seeds to prove they were a drug, she said.
▪ Though it's often debated, undergravels may not be a good choice for those who wish to grow plants.
▪ This is reason enough to grow the plant rather than buying it at the supermarket, after days of shipping and shelving.
▪ And I sowed seeds and grew plants and trees so that that place would be still more beautiful.
manufacture
▪ Lord McLuskey says they manufacture false confessions, plant evidence and commit perjury.
▪ Wireboard, by contrast, chose both to reengineer its manufacturing plants and to reorganize around process.
▪ The company said a small herd of goats can produce protein-based medicines less expensively than a giant manufacturing plant.
▪ In the late seventies we conducted a pilot evaluation of video tele-conferencing for a group of engineers building a new manufacturing plant.
▪ D., to visit two manufacturing plants.
▪ Its first drug is nearing approval and executives are optimistic enough about the future to plan a $ 100 million manufacturing plant.
▪ All the Republicans except Buchanan support global free trade and oppose direct measures to discourage companies from moving manufacturing plants overseas.
produce
▪ Alcohol can be produced from plants such as sugar cane and cassava by fermentation and distillation.
▪ One that also produces pollen can generate plants that spread far and wide.
▪ As Table 8.6 shows, two further plant attributes are being exploited to produce new crop plants.
▪ How do we get the plants to produce bananas?
▪ Unfortunately, much of the opium produced by the plants ends up in the bloodstreams of drug addicts.
▪ Yet even here annual plants prevail to grow and during the short dry period produce seeds.
▪ Both forms produce neat, firm-looking plants, with sturdy white roots.
▪ This highly engineered plumbing produced concentrated plant growth in cramped spaces.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
the animal/plant/mineral kingdom
▪ It ignores the obvious discriminations which we make between similar treatment of different species within the animal kingdom.
▪ Its object was to show the comparative structure and functions of organs throughout the animal kingdom.
▪ Molluscs Molluscs belong to the largest phylum in the animal kingdom and are a very varied group of animals.
▪ The circles were full up, and therefore man was not a part of the animal kingdom at all.
▪ They are the tanks of the animal kingdom, and they come in many forms.
▪ This we shall see to be as true of man as of any of his relatives in the animal kingdom.
▪ Upon the balance between them depends the enormous variety of societies seen in the animal kingdom.
▪ With man effort not often matched in the animal kingdom, he overcame that considerable obstacle.
the natural/animal/plant world
▪ He can live in and accept the natural world, yet his soul lofts upward.
▪ However we have seen that quantum theory places considerable restraint on a plain man's objectivist view of the natural world.
▪ In that casual gesture she trampled upon an awesome human achievement and upon great sacrifices contributed by the natural world.
▪ It is not true that the will to power alone characterises the animal world.
▪ Similarly, these continuing contests in the natural world were leading to areas which were specialised in their functions.
▪ The focus today is not the predicted disappearance of order but the abundance of it throughout the natural world.
▪ We must learn to accept it as a law of the natural world.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ a KGB plant in the Washington establishment
▪ a tomato plant
▪ an aluminum plant
▪ Carlson swore to the police that the drugs were a plant.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ He concluded by asking Miller for one little root of Ixia, or other bulbous plant from the Cape.
▪ In Grozny, the capital of Chechnya, gunmen reportedly seized 30 workers at an electrical power plant.
▪ Perhaps difficulty in obtaining natron through the traditionally established routes triggered the use of halophytic plants instead.
▪ The triumphant plant, a combination of lichen and cactus, certainly would look weird to the eyes of man.
▪ The usual amount of organic detritus produced by the fish and plants will be sufficient for its growth.
▪ They also tend to survive burial in conditions that destroy the rest of the plant.
▪ Unlike most land plants, aquatic plants are not dependent solely on nutrition obtained through the root system.
▪ When I do fertilize the plants you mention, I use a high-phosphorus fertilizer.
II.verb
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADVERB
firmly
▪ It seemed that he had a foot planted firmly on both sides of the generation gap.
▪ Norma darted back and forth between the oven and the table, a smile planted firmly on her face.
▪ When it comes to design, the Minipod has all three of its Sputnik feet planted firmly on the ground.
▪ He died a very old man, with both feet firmly planted on the ground.
■ NOUN
acre
▪ I appeal to farmers and cultivators to plant every possible acre during the coming planting season.
▪ His family planted six acres of garlic this year and sold it for over five thousand yuan.
▪ In September, he planted 2, 000 acres of wheat, an enterprise that cost about $ 180, 000.
▪ That increased his anxiety: having planted two acres of millet, he had been looking forward to a good harvest.
bomb
▪ In Northern Ireland the loyalist ceasefire is under scrutiny after bombs were planted at sports grounds.
▪ Was it some psychic time bomb long ago planted on Ludlow Street?
▪ Both bombs were planted in white vans.
▪ On Thursday, two bombs were planted at a highway interchange outside Birmingham.
▪ The idea was to show Crawford making a phone call to warn police that a bomb was planted there.
▪ The imprecise messages also suggested the bombs were planted by the same cell which targeted north London last week.
bulb
▪ Members also agreed to ask Darlington Borough Council to plant some more bulbs on the village green.
▪ If you missed planting your bulbs in the fall, you can still get color by planting them from 4-inch containers.
crop
▪ It is too late in the year now to plant a crop.
▪ Tempted by the exceptionally strong prices for durum, Arizona farmers planted the largest durum crop since the 1970s.
▪ Ripping out deep-rooted forest vegetation and planting shallow-rooted crops is causing groundwater to rise to the surface.
▪ In exchange, farmers would have wide latitude to plant almost any crop they wish.
▪ Farmers in Ovamboland were reported to be unable to plant crops and to be facing severe stock losses.
▪ Farmers whose fields test positive for the disease have the option of planting a different crop next year, he said.
▪ Encouraged by her new friend, Farnham resolved to stick with farming and to plant a crop again the following spring.
device
▪ Detectives think some one may have seen the bombers as they were planting the devices.
▪ Elsewhere his attempts to plant the devices had failed.
▪ Two accused, he alleged, were seen by witnesses planting the device at Primity Crescent, New Buildings.
▪ The lawyer said the defendants were all involved in a joint enterprise to plant a booby-trap device under the car.
▪ I took the liberty of planting a listening device in the jukebox you ... earned.
farmer
▪ None of the farmers were planting rubber or citrus.
▪ I appeal to farmers and cultivators to plant every possible acre during the coming planting season.
▪ Tempted by the exceptionally strong prices for durum, Arizona farmers planted the largest durum crop since the 1970s.
▪ The government has introduced several schemes to encourage farmers to plant up land.
▪ Growers -- mostly peasant farmers -- planted agave in the late 1980s, then waited seven years for their crop to mature.
flower
▪ When she was about ten she had even started to plant flowers outside it.
▪ The restorers manually hacked back the brush each season and planted the choicest prairie flower seed they could find.
▪ Some of the people had little plots of their own where they planted flowers.
▪ This makes it unnecessary to fertilize when planting your flowers.
▪ He transformed the brown, empty lots into rows of trim homes with green lawns and freshly planted flowers.
foot
▪ It seemed that he had a foot planted firmly on both sides of the generation gap.
▪ I had my foot planted and some one fell on me.
▪ When it comes to design, the Minipod has all three of its Sputnik feet planted firmly on the ground.
▪ She freezes in place, feet planted on the floor, white-faced, disoriented.
▪ He died a very old man, with both feet firmly planted on the ground.
forest
▪ This would exclude land of scientific or ecological value and identify large areas where commercial growers could plant forests.
▪ Living in camps, they carried out conservation work, planting new forests and helping with flood control projects.
▪ We will plant a new national forest in the Midlands and community forests elsewhere.
garden
▪ The Physic Garden is planted with examples of herbs used in Medieval times for medicinal purposes.
▪ Clearing two acres of tree stumps so a garden could be planted in the spring.
▪ A garden is planted where the Garfinkel home once stood.
▪ On either side of the front path a knot garden had been planted with low hedges and tufts of tiny blossom.
▪ What about a garden planted in her honor?
▪ My garden needs to be planted.
ground
▪ For instance, by the summer solstice on 21 June, the crops should be long since planted in the ground.
▪ Some pots can be planted in the ground when the seedling is ready, reducing the risk of transplant shock.
▪ These can be planted in the ground after the soil dries out.
kiss
▪ She giggled, and shrugged Hugh off, as he tried to plant a kiss, and nip her arms.
▪ El Comandante bowed low and planted a kiss on her hand.
▪ Signe wrapped her yellow oilskin arms around my neck and planted a kiss on me.
▪ Claire offered her cheek and then planted a hard kiss on his.
land
▪ They encourage landowners and businesses to plant on their own land.
▪ His family members had planted chiles on land they had bought as an investment.
▪ In some areas he could plant his land with windmills.
▪ Later that day, Columbus's party planted on the land the flag of Catholic Castile, a green crowned cross.
▪ The government has introduced several schemes to encourage farmers to plant up land.
▪ Should you plant one on your land?
pot
▪ This species can be planted in pots with a loam and sand mixture which can then be embedded in the gravel.
▪ It can be planted in a pot, and embedded in the gravel.
seed
▪ Athelstan knew it would make no immediate difference but a seed had been planted in his soul.
▪ The contamination does not pose any immediate public health threat because none of the seed has been planted.
▪ But the seed would have been planted.
▪ But, the seed planted, it begins to grow.
▪ The seeds you've planted are sprouting the tenderest of young green shoots.
▪ Tiny pebbles are the seeds that I am planting.
▪ You may begin to question whether the seed that was planted was alive or dead.
shrub
▪ It is a good time to plant hardy shrubs too.
tree
▪ The hedges are small trees that were planted very close together.
▪ Holman went to look at the three ficus trees Pimentel had planted along Greenfield Drive.
▪ Another serious problem for environmentalists is the type of tree and forest planted.
▪ I hated the way those rubber trees were planted: It was like looking at tombstones at Arlington.
▪ She recommends that they should be felled and new trees planted to preserve the environment.
▪ An offending tree may have been planted many years ago by a previous owner.
vine
▪ If the quota's exceeded, growers could be forced to stop planting new vines.
▪ Q: We planted grape vines more than 10 years ago.
▪ He planted a dead vine branch, then said a prayer for an early harvest.
▪ Better yet, we could start a vineyard, plant the vines ourselves, begin it from the ground.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ About a dozen school children helped plant trees in the park.
▪ Before you plant the seeds, prepare the soil carefully.
▪ He accused the police of planting evidence.
▪ It turned out the security services had planted the documents in his luggage.
▪ Someone planted the drugs on her before she left the country.
▪ The police found the stolen cameras in his flat, but he insisted they had been planted.
▪ They planted an oak tree in the middle of the field.
▪ Towards the end of March, the potatoes can be planted outside in the ground.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Delphiniums and hollyhocks are planted in the sun to give colour and height.
▪ He said the ground is planted with sensors that detect footsteps.
▪ How many large areas of coniferous forest have been planted?
▪ It seemed that he had a foot planted firmly on both sides of the generation gap.
▪ Perhaps the native rainbows outlasted their planted sisters and brothers, he argued.
▪ With planting season approaching, all sides agree that farmers need to know what government programs will be.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Plant

Plant \Plant\, n. [AS. plante, L. planta.]

  1. A vegetable; an organized living being, generally without feeling and voluntary motion, and having, when complete, a root, stem, and leaves, though consisting sometimes only of a single leafy expansion, or a series of cellules, or even a single cellule.

    Note: Plants are divided by their structure and methods of reproduction into two series, ph[ae]nogamous or flowering plants, which have true flowers and seeds, and cryptogamous or flowerless plants, which have no flowers, and reproduce by minute one-celled spores. In both series are minute and simple forms and others of great size and complexity. [1913 Webster] As to their mode of nutrition, plants may be considered as self-supporting and dependent. Self-supporting plants always contain chlorophyll, and subsist on air and moisture and the matter dissolved in moisture, and as a general rule they excrete oxygen, and use the carbonic acid to combine with water and form the material for their tissues. Dependent plants comprise all fungi and many flowering plants of a parasitic or saprophytic nature. As a rule, they have no chlorophyll, and subsist mainly or wholly on matter already organized, thus utilizing carbon compounds already existing, and not excreting oxygen. But there are plants which are partly dependent and partly self-supporting. [1913 Webster] The movements of climbing plants, of some insectivorous plants, of leaves, stamens, or pistils in certain plants, and the ciliary motion of zo["o]spores, etc., may be considered a kind of voluntary motion.

  2. A bush, or young tree; a sapling; hence, a stick or staff. ``A plant of stubborn oak.''
    --Dryden.

  3. The sole of the foot. [R.] ``Knotty legs and plants of clay.''
    --B. Jonson.

  4. (Com.) The whole machinery and apparatus employed in carrying on a trade or mechanical business; also, sometimes including real estate, and whatever represents investment of capital in the means of carrying on a business, but not including material worked upon or finished products; as, the plant of a foundry, a mill, or a railroad.

  5. A plan; an artifice; a swindle; a trick. [Slang]

    It was n't a bad plant, that of mine, on Fikey.
    --Dickens.

  6. (Zo["o]l.)

    1. An oyster which has been bedded, in distinction from one of natural growth.

    2. A young oyster suitable for transplanting. [Local, U.S.]

      Plant bug (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous hemipterous insects which injure the foliage of plants, as Lygus lineolaris, which damages wheat and trees.

      Plant cutter (Zo["o]l.), a South American passerine bird of the genus Phytotoma, family Phytotomid[ae]. It has a serrated bill with which it cuts off the young shoots and buds of plants, often doing much injury.

      Plant louse (Zo["o]l.), any small hemipterous insect which infests plants, especially those of the families Aphid[ae] and Psyllid[ae]; an aphid.

Plant

Plant \Plant\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Planted; p. pr. & vb. n. Planting.] [AS. plantian, L. plantare. See Plant, n.]

  1. To put in the ground and cover, as seed for growth; as, to plant maize.

  2. To set in the ground for growth, as a young tree, or a vegetable with roots.

    Thou shalt not plant thee a grove of any trees.
    --Deut. xvi. 21.

  3. To furnish, or fit out, with plants; as, to plant a garden, an orchard, or a forest.

  4. To engender; to generate; to set the germ of.

    It engenders choler, planteth anger.
    --Shak.

  5. To furnish with a fixed and organized population; to settle; to establish; as, to plant a colony.

    Planting of countries like planting of woods.
    --Bacon.

  6. To introduce and establish the principles or seeds of; as, to plant Christianity among the heathen.

  7. To set firmly; to fix; to set and direct, or point; as, to plant cannon against a fort; to plant a standard in any place; to plant one's feet on solid ground; to plant one's fist in another's face.

  8. To set up; to install; to instate.

    We will plant some other in the throne.
    --Shak.

Plant

Plant \Plant\, v. i. To perform the act of planting.

I have planted; Apollos watered.
--1 Cor. iii. 6.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
plant

"put in the ground to grow," Old English plantian, from Latin plantare (see plant (n.)). Reinforced by cognate Old French planter. Without reference to growing, "to insert firmly," late 14c. Of colonies from c.1300. Figuratively, of ideas, etc., from early 15c. Meaning "to bury" is U.S. slang from U.S., 1855. Related: Planted; planting.

plant

Old English plante "young tree or shrub, herb newly planted," from Latin planta "sprout, shoot, cutting" (source of Spanish planta, French plante), perhaps from *plantare "to drive in with the feet, push into the ground with the feet," from planta "sole of the foot," from nasalized form of PIE *plat- "to spread, flat" (see place (n.)).\n

\nBroader sense of "any vegetable life, vegetation generally" is first recorded 1550s. Most extended usages are from the verb, on the notion of "something planted;" such as "construction for an industrial process," 1789, at first with reference to the set-up of machinery, later also the building; also slang meaning "a spy" (1812). Many of these follow similar developments in the French form of the word. German Pflanz, Irish cland, Welsh plant are from Latin.

Wiktionary
plant

n. An organism that is not an animal, especially an organism capable of photosynthesis. Typically a small or herbaceous organism of this kind, rather than a tree. vb. 1 (context transitive English) To place (a seed or plant) in soil or other substrate in order that it may live and grow. 2 (context transitive English) To place (an object, or sometimes a person), often with the implication of intending deceit. 3 (context transitive English) To place or set something firmly or with conviction.

WordNet
plant
  1. n. buildings for carrying on industrial labor; "they built a large plant to manufacture automobiles" [syn: works, industrial plant]

  2. a living organism lacking the power of locomotion [syn: flora, plant life]

  3. something planted secretly for discovery by another; "the police used a plant to trick the thieves"; "he claimed that the evidence against him was a plant"

  4. an actor situated in the audience whose acting is rehearsed but seems spontaneous to the audience

plant
  1. v. put or set (seeds or seedlings) into the ground; "Let's plant flowers in the garden" [syn: set]

  2. fix or set securely or deeply; "He planted a knee in the back of his opponent"; "The dentist implanted a tooth in the gum" [syn: implant, engraft, embed, imbed]

  3. set up or lay the groundwork for; "establish a new department" [syn: establish, found, constitute, institute]

  4. place into a river; "plant fish"

  5. place something or someone in a certain position in order to secretly observe or deceive; "Plant a spy in Moscow"; "plant bugs in the dissident's apartment"

  6. put firmly in the mind; "Plant a thought in the students' minds" [syn: implant]

Gazetteer
Wikipedia
Plant (disambiguation)

__NOTOC__ A plant is a living organism that generally does not move and absorbs nutrients from its surroundings. Typically it has been placed deliberately rather than naturally.

Plant may also refer to:

Plant (control theory)

A plant in control theory is the combination of process and actuator. A plant is often referred to with a transfer function (not uncommonly in the s-domain) which indicates the relation between an input signal and the output signal of a system without feedback, commonly determined by physical properties of the system. An example would be an actuator with its transfer of the input of the actuator to its physical displacement. In a system with feedback, the plant still has the same transfer function, but a control unit and a feedback loop (with their respective transfer functions) are added to the system.

Plant

Plants, also called green plants, are multicellular eukaryotes of the kingdomPlantae. They form an unranked clade Viridiplantae (Latin for green plants) that includes the flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms, ferns, clubmosses, hornworts, liverworts, mosses and the green algae. Green plants exclude the red and brown algae, the fungi, archaea, bacteria and animals.

Green plants have cell walls with cellulose and obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts, derived from endosymbiosis with cyanobacteria. Their chloroplasts contain chlorophylls a and b, which gives them their green color. Some plants are parasitic and have lost the ability to produce normal amounts of chlorophyll or to photosynthesize. Plants are also characterized by sexual reproduction, modular and indeterminate growth, and an alternation of generations, although asexual reproduction is also common.

Precise numbers are difficult to determine, but , there are thought to be 300–315 thousand species of plants, of which the great majority, some 260–290 thousand, are seed plants (see the table below). Green plants provide most of the world's molecular oxygen and are the basis of most of the earth's ecologies, especially on land. Plants that produce grains, fruits and vegetables form humankind's basic foodstuffs, and have been domesticated for millennia. Plants play many roles in culture. They are used as ornaments and, until recently and in great variety, they have served as the source of most medicines and drugs. The scientific study of plants is known as botany, a branch of biology.

Usage examples of "plant".

The terrace next to the side porch was already abloom with freshly planted flowers.

I think this must be admitted, when we find that there are hardly any domestic races, either amongst animals or plants, which have not been ranked by some competent judges as mere varieties, and by other competent judges as the descendants of aboriginally distinct species.

Very few fruits these days are allowed to remain attached to their mother plant until abscission occurs.

As such minute doses of the salts of ammonia affect the leaves, we may feel almost sure that Drosera absorbs and profits by the amount, though small, which is present in rainwater, in the same manner as other plants absorb these same salts by their roots.

A plant of Drosera, with the edges of its leaves curled inwards, so as to form a temporary stomach, with the glands of the closely inflected tentacles pouring forth their acid secretion, which dissolves animal matter, afterwards to be absorbed, may be said to feed like an animal.

She ached to be outside in the fresh air, to be dressed in her oldest jeans, turning over spades full of soft loamy earth, feeling the excitement and pleasure of siting the bulbs, of allowing her imagination to paint for her the colourful picture they would make in the spring, in their uniform beds set among lawn pathways and bordered by a long deep border of old-fashioned perennial plants.

Pekka said, and went back to the pile of dirt in which she had - she knew she had - planted the acorn now missing.

Each great natural family has requisites that define it, and the characters that make it recognizable are the nearest to these fundamental conditions: thus, reproduction being the major function of the plant, the embryo will be its most important part, and it becomes possible to divide the vegetable kingdom into three classes: acotyledons, monocotyledons, and dicotyledons.

To be sure, if we will all stop, and allow Judge Douglas and his friends to march on in their present career until they plant the institution all over the nation, here and wherever else our flag waves, and we acquiesce in it, there will be peace.

The vinegar of Wood Anemone made from the leaves retains all the more acrid properties of the plant, and is put, in France, to many rural domestic purposes.

The shrub is a native of southern Europe, being a small evergreen plant, the twigs of which are densely covered with little leaves in four rows, having a strong, peculiar, unpleasant odour of turpentine, with a bitter, acrid, resinous taste.

The soils of Northern Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan, that have produced hardwood timber, have unusually high adaptation to the growth of this plant, and as the snow usually covers the ground in these areas in winter, the crop may be relied upon with much certainty.

This important plant holds the soils of riparian habitats and also creates fertile micro-climates, adapting its shape and behavior to the amount of moisture it can get and to the elevation in which it grows, which relates then to the temperature that it must endure.

On four leaves of a young and small plant, 8, 10, 14, and 16 minute insects, chiefly Diptera, were found in the autumn adhering to them.

A few days later he sent me some plants with sixteen seeds or fruits adhering to fourteen leaves.