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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
constitute a violationformal (= be a violation)
▪ The actions may constitute a violation of the treaty.
▪ These, however, constitute only 2 percent of average earnings.
▪ Nonresidents thus constituted only 13 % of all hunters pursuing their sport in the State....
▪ However, still in 2001 those aged over 85 will still constitute only 17 in each thousand of total population.
▪ Even during the period of its greatest political autonomy, Mormonism constituted only a partial or semi-Asiatic society.
▪ I know that negotiations do not only constitute a bargaining process, but also serve as fertile ground for creativity.
▪ They constitute only some of the ingredients in the evaluation and diagnostic processes.
▪ Unfortunately this constitutes only the assessment of a candidate's suitability for entry to an interpreters' qualifying course.
▪ Legal forms not only constitute gender relations but represent ways of seeing roles and relations.
▪ The focus is upon clues which together constitute a text ready for reading and interpretation.
▪ Lethal and severe defects together constitute major congenital abnormalities.
▪ The waves and the pebbles together constitute a simple example of a system that automatically generates non-randomness.
▪ For Brooks, Wimsatt and Beardsley complexity and coherence together constitute the key considerations in the analysis of literary texts.
▪ The three provincial assemblies together constitute the Territorial Congress.
▪ What exactly the government did mean by freedom was hard to discern in the nineteen legislative Acts which together constituted the emancipation.
▪ One eye may contain 15,000 elements, providing images that together constitute an almost hemispherical field of view.
▪ Now that Luke no longer wanted her, he wouldn't care about anything she did, so no action of hers constituted defiance.
▪ These constitute the basis upon which the very possibility of a nation state rests.
▪ But it also constitutes an admirable basis for liberalism.
▪ What constitutes meaningful is the basis for a philosophical argument.
▪ Nevertheless they constitute the basis and conditions for further actions and history.
▪ The very act of concluding a conflicting treaty would constitute breach and could be treated as such by its other parties.
▪ The Standing might constitute a breach of sacramental etiquette, but it was hardly a breach of the peace.
▪ First, there is direct inconsistency in the sense that compliance with one would necessarily constitute breach of the other.
▪ There is the difficult issue of whether use as opposed to disclosure constitutes breach.
▪ They claimed it was inaccurate, misleading and constituted a breach of journalistic ethics.
▪ Within modern capitalist societies the monopoly corporations constitute the dominant class fraction.
▪ The court's decision as to what constitutes a class conceals the policy issues in the decision.
▪ Or the society constituted by the class that traditionally was born to rule?
▪ The longest-lasting is the struggle for the working class to constitute itself as a class, to overcome its internal fragmentation.
▪ It is in this context that we must read the definitions and practices that constituted Victorian sexuality.
▪ The good news is that in many countries the definition of what constitutes ideal family size is already evolving downward.
▪ Despite the recent advent of statute law in this area, there remains no statutory definition of what constitutes insider trading.
▪ There is no agreed definition as to what constitutes a knowledge worker.
▪ Their definition of what constitutes a husband, a wife, and a marital relationship will be negotiated.
▪ The answer lies in the provision of a structured Church and in the definition of what constituted heretical belief.
▪ The first set consists of institutional and professional definitions of what constitutes news.
▪ The definition of what constitutes an institution varies across time and between different countries.
▪ Goodfellow confirmed that the facts can constitute both reckless and unlawful act manslaughter, but the rules differ.
▪ The Divisional Court concluded that nothing in that statement of facts constituted a threat, and the conviction was quashed.
▪ History is the realm of violence and war; it constitutes another form by which the other is appropriated into the same.
▪ Does this not constitute a radically different form of theism from that practised by the Near Eastern religions?
▪ As such, it has not hitherto constituted a particularly significant form of protest either numerically or politically.
▪ Are theories just another kind of story, or do they constitute a radically distinct form of discourse?
▪ By most criteria, this behaviour would constitute a form of complicity.
▪ Penalty fees or fines constitute another form of economic incentive for not violating emission standards and these are widely adopted.
▪ The imposition of the retirement condition constituted a novel form of institutionalized dependence.
▪ Parish authorities generally were constantly reviewing their ideas about what constituted a minimum acceptable subsistence payment during this period.
▪ Its documentation is very idiosyncratic, and clearly reflects Crew's own ideas of what constitutes good text.
▪ This is so also for children, so that together these two groups often constitute the majority of casualties on residential streets.
▪ Labour's historic constituencies on this question no longer constitute a majority.
▪ Usually only blackness is named, which constitutes the white majority as the norm.
▪ Organising or participating in a march in breach of any such condition constitutes an offence.
▪ The official reason was that the painting was obscene and constituted an offence against religion.
▪ Publication to a single person is, impliedly, insufficient to constitute the offence.
▪ Development carried out in contravention of a stop notice constitutes an offence.
▪ Thus where the advertisement constitutes a criminal offence, it would seem pointless to complain to the Director General.
▪ Using a vehicle in contravention of the relevant statutory provisions constitutes a criminal offence.
▪ We might also note that what constitutes an offence in legal terms also changes over time.
▪ History constituted a vital part of the class struggle.
▪ Fuel cells, which provide electricity generated by a chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen, constitute one part of that research.
▪ The second sentence constitutes part of the setting along with the time elements established in the first sentence.
▪ Unlike on Earth, most of the visible features on the Moon are circles or great arcs constituting parts of circles.
▪ These are the subtle mind currents which emanate from all living creatures and constitute a part of their aura.
▪ It is not constituted by many distinct parts, linked together by chance.
▪ Please refer to the Policy commentary for details of what items should not constitute part of the breakdown account.
▪ Investigations into law enforcement officers' behavior were reduced, though they still constituted a large part of the case load.
▪ Also in 1983, young women constituted 38 percent of the number of students in advanced-level courses in polytechnics.
▪ Women constitute almost 58 percent of the total work-force, up from 45 percent in the seventies.
▪ In enamel these crystals are very closely and beautifully packed together soas to constitute 99 percent by volume of the material.
▪ Currently, a court-ordered desegregation plan mandates that no single ethnicity can constitute more than 40 percent of a school.
▪ This constituted 22 percent of the total prison population.
▪ The roots, which remain in place, constitute about 20 percent of the biomass, and will oxidize eventually.
▪ In 1950 the 660,000 tribespeople constituted 91 percent of the total population of the Hill Tracts.
▪ Since according to the most recent census, women constitute 51 percent of the population, that sounded good to me.
▪ These accurate determinations constituted important problems at the time.
▪ Failure to specify this third variable and its effects on x and y constitutes the problem of spuriousness.
▪ Attitude research was the property of no school in this respect and constituted a set of problems to which all might contribute.
▪ It was female sexuality that constituted the social problem, because through it the race was perpetuated.
▪ It would not constitute an insurmountable problem.
▪ But the law itself constitutes a further problem for the criminal justice system.
▪ Did the women of the locality - and/or the imagination - constitute a perennial problem?
▪ The sexiness of some pre-pubertal children can constitute something of a problem.
▪ Social distance can be expressed as a series of questions constituting a rating scale.
▪ There have been a number of court cases involving the question of whether videotaping constitutes fair use.
▪ Some definitions of mental illness beg the question of what constitutes normal behaviour.
▪ But the question is how this constitutes a subjective difference.
▪ The question is, what constitutes wild salmon at its best?
▪ This raises the question of what constitutes the community.
▪ This constituted an important source of financial support.
▪ Indeed they often constituted the source of their communities when new villages were laid out by the railway companies beside them.
▪ The annual population estimates constitute the principal source of official statistics on sub-national populations.
▪ Finally they do not generally consider that its use constitutes any threat to them.
▪ Perhaps the argument that constituted the most serious threat to Copernicus was the so-called tower argument.
▪ The inflationary spiral constituted a grave threat which, if not halted, could jeopardise the entire economy.
▪ The foreigners in Ottawa constitute an ominous threat to the integrity and autonomy of our province.
▪ The Divisional Court concluded that nothing in that statement of facts constituted a threat, and the conviction was quashed.
▪ The process constitutes a national threat because it will break up the United Kingdom.
▪ Obviously that constitutes a threat for the future.
▪ Similarly, there have been different views on what constitutes economic development.
▪ Depending on your point of view, this can constitute either an opportunity for excellence or a disaster in the making.
▪ Do men and women hold different views about what constitutes health?
▪ In his statement that the point of view constitutes its object.
▪ Ideals also vary, and the view of what constitutes perfect bodily proportions changes from one generation to the next.
▪ Although such a view constitutes the theory, the reality is vastly different.
▪ According to Marx, "money constitutes true power."
▪ Alaska is the largest of the fifty states that constitute the USA.
▪ Because journalists don't think the congressman constitutes much of a threat, they don't write or broadcast stories about him.
▪ Children constitute four out of every ten poor people in the United States.
▪ It is sometimes difficult to believe that the different groups living within our borders constitute a single society.
▪ Nitrogen constitutes 78% of the earth's atmosphere.
▪ The company's action constituted fraud.
▪ The local authority decided that the present housing conditions constituted a risk for the mother and baby.
▪ The spread of international crime and corruption constitutes a major threat to the global economy.
▪ The thin layers that constitute the laser head are only 400 atoms thick.
▪ We may need to redefine what constitutes a family.
▪ And their gardening shows are designed for audiences who live somewhere other than the sizzling hell that constitutes summer in Tucson.
▪ No one doubts that they remain guesses; but what would constitute an intelligent as opposed to an unintelligent guess?
▪ Taken together, they constitute a quite dramatic increase in inequality.
▪ The focus is upon clues which together constitute a text ready for reading and interpretation.
▪ The long ball constitutes more than half her shooting.
▪ The very act of concluding a conflicting treaty would constitute breach and could be treated as such by its other parties.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Constitute \Con"sti*tute\ (k[o^]n"st[ict]*t[=u]t), n. An established law. [Obs.]
--T. Preston.


Constitute \Con"sti*tute\ (k[o^]n"st[ict]*t[=u]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Constituted; p. pr. & vb. n. Constituting.] [L. constitutus, p. p. of constiture to constitute; con- + statuere to place, set, fr. status station, fr. stare to stand. See Stand.]

  1. To cause to stand; to establish; to enact.

    Laws appointed and constituted by lawful authority.
    --Jer. Taylor.

  2. To make up; to compose; to form.

    Truth and reason constitute that intellectual gold that defies destruction.

  3. To appoint, depute, or elect to an office; to make and empower.

    Me didst Thou constitute a priest of thine.

    Constituted authorities, the officers of government, collectively, as of a nation, city, town, etc.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

mid-15c., verb use of adjective constitute, "made up, formed" (late 14c.), from Latin constitutus "arranged, settled," past participle adjective from constituere "to cause to stand, set up, fix, place, establish, set in order; form something new; resolve," of persons, "to appoint to an office," from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + statuere "to set," from PIE root *sta- "to stand," with derivatives meaning "place or thing that is standing" (see stet). Related: Constituted; constituting.


n. (context obsolete English) An established law. vb. 1 To cause to stand; to establish; to enact. 2 To make up; to compose; to form. 3 To appoint, depute, or elect to an office; to make and empower.

  1. v. form or compose; "This money is my only income"; "The stone wall was the backdrop for the performance"; "These constitute my entire belonging"; "The children made up the chorus"; "This sum represents my entire income for a year"; "These few men comprise his entire army" [syn: represent, make up, comprise, be]

  2. create and charge with a task or function; "nominate a committee" [syn: appoint, name, nominate]

  3. to compose or represent:"This wall forms the background of the stage setting"; "The branches made a roof"; "This makes a fine introduction" [syn: form, make]

  4. set up or lay the groundwork for; "establish a new department" [syn: establish, found, plant, institute]

Usage examples of "constitute".

They had the place of honor as witnesses while Abel performed the strange ceremony of vows that constituted the Fort Freedom pledge ceremony.

He abstracts this one quality from the complex bundle of qualities which constitute the object, and he makes this one stand for the whole.

Indeed, for a man so constituted as Adams, such talk could well have been the deciding factor.

He forcibly turned his attention to the brilliantly illuminated wall of lights, cut crystal, stained aerogel, mirrors, and high-tech circuitry which constituted the bar.

This constitutes an excellent form of enciphered code, and just how precocious Alberti was may be seen by the fact that the major powers of the earth did not begin to encipher their code messages until 400 years later, near the end of the 19th century, and even then their systems were much simpler than this.

There must be one principle constituting this unit of many forms of life and enclosing the several members within the unity, while at the same time, precisely as in each thing of detail the parts too have each a definite function, so in the All each several member must have its own task--but more markedly so since in this case the parts are not merely members but themselves Alls, members of the loftier Kind.

In response to this theoretical position, then, modern antiracism positions itself against the notion of biological essentialism, and insists that differences among the races are constituted instead by social and cultural forces.

It is often said that Europe owed much to the Arabs for this, but careful analysis of the factors in that progress shows that very little came from the Arabs that was good, while not a little that was unfortunate in its influence was borrowed from them with the translations of the Greek authors from that language, which constituted the main, indeed often the only, reason why Arabian writers were consulted.

From these sensible resolutions, the reader may conceive some idea of the misconduct that attends the management of the poor in England, as well as of the grievous burdens entailed upon the people by the present laws which constitute this branch of the legislature.

Melanesian languages belong to the one large language group: the Austronesian language family of which the Polynesian languages all constitute one subgroup.

Our Balts, for example, are known for their honesty and punctiliousness, so they constitute most of our estate managers, accountants, clerks.

To determine the difficulties which had arisen with regard to Holland, which Dumouriez dreamed of conquering with an imaginary army, and being discontented besides with the Dutch for not rigorously excluding English vessels from their ports, the Emperor constituted the Batavian territory a kingdom under his brother Louis.

The three boxes worked together, and together they constituted the gateway.

An army thus employed constituted perhaps the most useful, as well as the bravest, portion of Roman subjects.

It was decided that coming about, and heading the Bronx to the westward would constitute disobedience.