Crossword clues for cellulose
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Cellulose \Cel"lu*lose`\, n. (Chem.) The substance which constitutes the essential part of the solid framework of plants, of ordinary wood, cotton, linen, paper, etc. It is also found to a slight extent in certain animals, as the tunicates. It is a carbohydrate, (C6H10O5)n, isomeric with starch, and is convertible into starches and sugars by the action of heat and acids. When pure, it is a white amorphous mass. See Starch, Granulose, Lignin.
Unsized, well bleached linen paper is merely pure
Starch cellulose, the delicate framework which remains when
the soluble part (granulose) of starch is removed by
saliva or pepsin.
Cellulose \Cel"lu*lose`\ (s[e^]l"[-u]*l[=o]s`), a. Consisting of, or containing, cells.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
a. Consisting of, or containing, cells. n. 1 A complex carbohydrate that forms the main constituent of the cell wall in most plants and is important in the manufacture of numerous products, such as paper, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and explosives. 2 (context organic compound English) A polysaccharide containing many glucose units in parallel chains.
n. a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula , a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units. Cellulose is an important structural component of the primary cell wall of green plants, many forms of algae and the oomycetes. Some species of bacteria secrete it to form biofilms. Cellulose is the most abundant organic polymer on Earth. The cellulose content of cotton fiber is 90%, that of wood is 40–50% and that of dried hemp is approximately 57%.
Cellulose is mainly used to produce paperboard and paper. Smaller quantities are converted into a wide variety of derivative products such as cellophane and rayon. Conversion of cellulose from energy crops into biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol is under investigation as an alternative fuel source. Cellulose for industrial use is mainly obtained from wood pulp and cotton.
Some animals, particularly ruminants and termites, can digest cellulose with the help of symbiotic micro-organisms that live in their guts, such as Trichonympha. In humans, cellulose acts as a hydrophilic bulking agent for feces and is often referred to as a " dietary fiber".
Usage examples of "cellulose".
Its skin was cellulose acetate butyrate, a plastic transparent not only to light but also to X-rays, gamma rays and neutrons.
Such terrible explosives as trinitrotoluene occasionally mentioned in the published war reports, as well as many others, have as the principal agent of destructive force guncotton, which is ordinary raw cotton or cellulose treated with nitric or sulphuric acid, though there are, of course, other chemicals used in compounding the various forms of deadly explosives.
They developed the processes of producing cellulose from wood pulp to take the place of cotton for making guncotton, and certain forms of wood fiber and paper were used in the textile trades.
Labiate herbs, comprising a volatile oil, some bitter principle, tannin, sugar, and cellulose.
The metal food cans inside were nonflammable, but they were packed in extruded cellulose that ignited in a red fireball.
Guncotton, which consists of cellulose, with the hydrogen replaced by nitrogen, was tried with the same result.
The attachment of the roothairs is effected by the liquefaction of the outer surface of the cellulose walls, and by the subsequent setting hard of the liquefied matter.
The slices were not liquefied, for the walls of the cells, composed of cellulose, are not in the least acted on by the secretion.
Dionaea, 301, 310, 313 , on Drosera filiformis, 281 Caraway, oil of, action on Drosera, 211 Carbonic acid, action on Drosera, 221 , delays aggregation in Drosera, 59 Cartilage, its digestion by Drosera, 103 Casein, its digestion by Drosera, 114 Cellulose, not digested by Drosera, 125 Chalk, precipitated, causing inflection of Drosera, 32 Cheese, its digestion by Drosera, 116 Chitine, not digested by Drosera, 124 Chloroform, effects of, on Drosera, 217 , , on Dionaea, 304 Chlorophyll, grains of, in living plants, digested by Drosera, 126 , pure, not digested by Drosera, 125 Chondrin, its digestion by Drosera, 112 Chromic acid, action on Drosera, 185 Cloves, oil of, action on Drosera, 212 Cobalt chloride, action on Drosera, 186 Cobra poison, action on Drosera, 206 Cohn, Prof.
Little fellers are superb for changing cellulose into sugar, or recycling carbon .
Like cellulose in the gut of a carnivore, she could not be assimilated.
He ran forward, pushing through the cellulose tatters, trying to see in the faint light flickering from the arch.
In their guts they harbour colonies of microscopic, one-celled protozoa, which break down the cellulose for them and make it digestible.
Make sure there are no old bits of wood, paper or anything else with cellulose in it lying on the ground under the house to attract termites.
The New Conservative government agreed in principle that nationwide road refurbishment should be given priority, coating the millions of kilometres of tarmac with a layer of rough thermo-cured cellulose, but they were hanging back until giga-conductor-powered vehicles became widespread before starting.