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Mars \Mars\ (m[aum]rz), prop. n. [L. Mars, gen. Martis, archaic Mavors, gen. Mavortis.]

  1. (Rom. Myth.) The god of war and husbandry.

  2. (Astron.) One of the planets of the solar system, the fourth in order from the sun, or the next beyond the earth, having a diameter of about 4,200 miles, a period of 687 days, and a mean distance of 141,000,000 miles. It is conspicuous for the redness of its light.

  3. (Alchemy) The metallic element iron, the symbol of which

    Mars brown, a bright, somewhat yellowish, brown.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Roman god of war, also the name of the bright red planet, late 14c., from Latin Mars (stem *Mawort-), the Roman god of war, of unknown origin, apparently from earlier Mavors, related to Oscan Mamers. According to Watkins the Latin word is from *Mawort- "name of an Italic deity who became the god of war at Rome ...." He also had agricultural attributes, and might ultimately have been a Spring-Dionysus. The planet was so named by the Romans, no doubt for its blood-like color. The Greeks also called the planet Pyroeis "the fiery."


vb. (en-third-person singular of: mar)

Mars, PA -- U.S. borough in Pennsylvania
Population (2000): 1746
Housing Units (2000): 715
Land area (2000): 0.446948 sq. miles (1.157591 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.446948 sq. miles (1.157591 sq. km)
FIPS code: 47672
Located within: Pennsylvania (PA), FIPS 42
Location: 40.696594 N, 80.012205 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 16046
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Mars, PA
Mars (disambiguation)

Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun.

Mars or MARS may also refer to:

  • Mars (astrology), a set of qualities and influences
  • Mars (mythology), the Roman god of war
  • Mars symbol (♂)
  • March (month), mars in several other languages, named for the Roman god
  • Mars, conjugation form of the verb "to mar"
Mars (band)

Mars was a New York City rock band formed in 1975 when China Burg (née Constance Burg; a.k.a. Lucy Hamilton) (guitar, vocals) and artist Nancy Arlen (drums) brought Mark Cunningham (bass) and vocalist Sumner Crane together to talk about music. They were joined briefly by guitarist Rudolph Grey. The band played one live gig under the name China before changing it to Mars. They played a mixture of angular compositions and freeform ambient noise music jams, featuring surrealist lyrics and non-standard drumming. All the members were said to be completely untrained in music before forming the band.

Mars played live about two dozen times, all in Manhattan. Their first show was at CBGB's in January 1977; their last one was at Max's Kansas City on December 10, 1978. Their recorded debut was the "3-E"/ "11,000 Volts" 7-inch single, released by Rebel Records/ ZE Records. The group then released a single live EP in 1979 or 1980, though they had broken up in 1978. Both recordings were compiled by Lydia Lunch's self-run label, Widowspeak Records, in 1986, as 78; the songs were slightly remixed and tweaked by Jim Thirlwell (a.k.a. Foetus). It was reissued by Atavistic Records on CD in 1996 as 78+.

In 1978, Mars appeared on the influential No New York compilation LP produced by Brian Eno, along with DNA, Teenage Jesus and the Jerks, and James Chance and the Contortions, which helped to bring the nascent No Wave genre into the foreground. An All Music reviewer wrote of their controbutions: "Mars creates interesting music out of apparent chaos; the vocals are babbled and the guitars, bass and drums sound like they're weaving in and out of the song while going in several different directions at once, yet the band is oddly compelling in its crazed, cacophonous way."

Due to complaints about Thirlwell's modifications on 78/78+, the full studio recordings of Mars (totaling about 30 minutes) surfaced in 2003 on the Spanish labels G3G and Spookysound. Cunningham ran both Hyrax Records and Spookysound Records. (To clarify: 78, 78+, and Mars LP: The Complete Studio Recordings, NYC 1977–1978 all feature essentially the same half-hour batch of music, but with very slight auditory differences.) After the break-up of Mars, Cunningham was part of the bizarre John Gavanti "no wave opera" project with Crane, Arto Lindsay, and others. He has also worked with the band Don King, and with his current outfit, Convolution.

Crane died of lymphoma on April 15, 2003. Arlen died on September 17, 2006, following heart surgery.

Mars (chocolate bar)

Mars is a British chocolate bar. It was first manufactured in 1932 in Slough, Berkshire in the United Kingdom, and was advertised to the trade as being made with " couverture" chocolate.

In the United States, a different confection bore the Mars bar name.

Mars (Gackt album)

Mars is the first full-length studio album released by Japanese solo artist Gackt on April 26, 2000.

Mars (manga)

is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Fuyumi Soryo. Initially serialized in Bessatsu Friend from 1996 to 2000, the series spans 15 tankōbon volumes. It follows the teenage romance between Kira Aso, an introverted artist, and Rei Kashino, a troubled playboy who is a professional motorcycle racer. A single volume prequel, Mars: A Horse With No Name was released in 1999.

The manga is licensed for an English language release by Tokyopop, which has published all 15 volumes plus the prequel. The series was adapted into a 21 episode Taiwanese television drama in 2004 and upcoming television series

Mars (Doctor Who)

Mars, the fourth planet in the solar system, has been featured in the Doctor Who fictional universe on a number of occasions. In the various Doctor Who serials which feature the Ice Warriors, mention is made that Mars is their homeworld.

MARS (cryptography)

MARS is a block cipher that was IBM's submission to the Advanced Encryption Standard process. MARS was selected as an AES finalist in August 1999, after the AES2 conference in March 1999, where it was voted as the fifth and last finalist algorithm.

The MARS design team included Don Coppersmith, who had been involved in the creation of the previous Data Encryption Standard (DES) twenty years earlier. The project was specifically designed to resist future advances in cryptography by adopting a layered, compartmentalized approach.

IBM's official report stated that MARS and Serpent were the only two finalists to implement any form of safety net with regard to would-be advances in cryptographic mathematics. The Twofish team made a similar statement about its cipher.

MARS has a 128-bit block size and a variable key size of between 128 and 448 bits (in 32-bit increments). Unlike most block ciphers, MARS has a heterogeneous structure: several rounds of a cryptographic core are "jacketed" by unkeyed mixing rounds, together with key whitening.

Mars (2004 film)

Mars is a 2004 Russian film, directed and written by Anna Melikian. Set in a small Russian city of Mars, the film tells the story of a professional boxer who has run away from his life to a small Russian town on the coast of the Black Sea.

The story contains elements of surrealism and magical realism. The town's main industry is the manufacture of plush toys, which function as a local currency. The boxer is color blind; his color blindness is portrayed, for example, by a profusion of blue apples.

The city of Mars was formerly called Marks: Марс as opposed to Маркс, the name change being effected by removing one letter from the roof of the railway station.

Mars (oil platform)

Mars is a permanent offshore drilling and production tension-leg oil platform (TLP) operating in Mississippi Canyon blocks 762, 763, 806, 807, 850 and 851 in the Gulf of Mexico and was approved by the MMS in December 1992 with production beginning on July 8, 1996. The leases were acquired by Shell in 1985 and 1988. The platform is a joint venture between Shell Oil Company and BP, with Shell owning the majority share and operating the facility.

Mars is positioned in a water depth of 896 m (2940 ft) and is designed to produce of oil and of gas a day.

Mars (TV series)

Mars is a Taiwanese drama starring Barbie Hsu (aka Da S) and Vic Chou of F4. It is based on the Japanese shōjo manga series, Mars written by Fuyumi Soryo. It was produced by Comic Ritz International Production (可米瑞智國際藝能有限公司) and Chai Zhi Ping ( 柴智屏) as producer and directed by Cai Yuexun (蔡岳勳).

The series was broadcast in Taiwan in 2004 on free-to-air Chinese Television System (CTS) and cable TV Gala Television (GTV) Variety Show/CH 28 (八大綜合台). It was the 2005 Most Popular Drama of the Year (年度最受歡迎戲劇節目獎) at the 40th Golden Bell Awards, Taiwan.

in 2016 it remade with same name in Japan

Mars (Fritz Zorn)

Mars is an autobiographical essay by Fritz Angst under the pseudonym Fritz Zorn. Adolf Muschg wrote its long and engaged foreword.

In the book, written after the author was diagnosed with cancer, Zorn describes and criticizes his environment, entourage, and upbringing in one of the wealthiest lakeshore neighborhoods of Zurich, Switzerland, where he claims to have been “educated to death.”

The book mainly contains the theory that cancer can be caused by a neurosis.

Zorn laments his “unlived life”: though he apparently became successful in the eyes of the bourgeoisie (he attended university and became a teacher), his whole life was "wrong." He suffered from depression and never had friends or a girlfriend.

The book was published in 1976, and it has been translated into several languages. Alex and Daniel Varenne developed a comic book based on the book in 1988, and Darius Peyamiras wrote and directed a play drawn from it in 2001.

Mars (B'z album)

Mars is the third Mini-Album for the Japanese rock duo B'z. The album sold 1,730,500 copies in total, reaching #1 at Oricon.

MARS (gene)

Methionyl-tRNA synthetase, cytoplasmic is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MARS gene.

Mars (actor)

Mars , born Cheung Wing Fat is a Hong Kong actor, action director, stuntman and martial artist. He is one of Jackie Chan's best friends.

Mars (rapper)

Mario Delgado (born April 18, 1980), better known by his stage nameMars, is a Mexican American rapper, entrepreneur, record producer, photographer, and actor from the San Francisco Bay Area city of Pittsburg, California that often performs with a Hannibal Lecter style mask. He specializes in horrorcore music.

Mars (song)

"Mars" is the debut single by Fake Blood.

Mars (1968 film)

Mars () - soviet science education and science fiction film produced and directed by Pavel Klushantsev.

Mars (1930 film)

Mars is a 1930 short animated film. It is one of many short films in the Oswald the Lucky Rabbit series.

Mars (Philippine TV series)

Mars (stylized as MARS) is the female talk show of GMA News TV which aired every Weeknights at 7:10-8:00 PM ( PST). It is hosted by actress Camille Prats and Unang Hirit host Suzi Abrera.

Mars (supermarket)

Mars was a local chain of grocery stores in metropolitan Baltimore, Maryland. Mars operated 13 supermarket locations in the Baltimore area.

The idea for Mars supermarkets came in the early 1940s from Joseph D'Anna, whose location for his upstart grocery store was an apartment complex in Essex, Maryland, called Mars Estates. Nearby, Glenn L. Martin was developing an airplane called the Mars Flying Boat that could take off and land in water, so "Mars" seemed a perfectly logical name to instill local pride and recognition. His first store opened on Old Eastern Avenue in 1943. It was operated for three years in a partnership with friend Bob Baum. They decided to open a second location in the 300 block of Eastern Ave. As more joined the team, the company decided to re-locate to the south in Dundalk, Maryland, where they purchased a strip center with seven shopfronts to expand their business, closing the Essex locations.

Soon after the move, D'Anna's two younger brothers, Angelo and Carmen, who had returned recently from World War II, decided to help expand the business. Joe sold them his interest in the business, giving 50% to each brother. Mars started at that time, even though the name preexisted the partnership.

As business increased, the store was enlarged several times until it occupied most of the space on the southeast corner of Holabird and Delvale Avenues. A second store was needed, so Angelo and Carmen opened the Grey Manor store on Old North Point Road in 1954, followed four years later by the Middle River store on Eastern Avenue (not far from Joe's original Mars). The company continued to grow due to the very positive response to their marketing approach. With the help of Morris Denkin, the company purchased the Vesper Family property on the opposite side of Holabird Avenue. With the on site direction of Carmen and Angelo, they constructed what many considered the most modern supermarket in the state of Maryland.

Anthony D'Anna, the youngest brother, came to work for Angelo and Carmen in 1949. Initially, he was a grocery and produce clerk, and later managed the store until he moved to a position in the office in 1963. He became Vice President and Senior Grocery Buyer.

After the company incorporated, Vincenzo F. D'Anna, their father, was elected to the board of directors as Chairman. In 1955, Anthony was made a partner and owner in the business.

After leaving the grocery business, Joe took over the operation of a restaurant from another younger brother, Vince D'Anna. Vince would later join the supermarket business, managing the new store on Eastern Avenue and buying produce for all the stores. Carmen brought Peter, the oldest brother, on board as the company's Produce Buyer and Supervisor.

In 1967, the Middle River store was damaged in a fire and the brothers took this opportunity to completely remodel it, again with the help of Morris Denkin and the added assistance of American Refrigeration. Over the next 26 years, Angelo and Carmen opened 10 more stores. These included Vincenzo's Produce Market and The Light Street Bakery at HarborPlace, which have since closed. The Old North Point Road store also closed, having been replaced by the Mars at Lynch Manor on Wise Avenue.

In January 1995, Angelo N. D'Anna died after serving as the company's president for 50 years. Carmen, who became President at that time, opened three stores in Glen Burnie, Woodlawn, and Edgewood. After fifty years as the company's Executive Vice President and three years as President, Carmen V. D'Anna, Sr. died in August 1997.

Carmen's eldest son, Vito (Carmen V. D'Anna, Jr.), became President at that time. In the nineteen years preceding his appointment to President, Vito worked his way up from bagger to store manager and eventually to Vice President of Operations.

Supported by their own buying staff, Mars purchased produce and seafood daily from local markets and always included local produce, when available, from Maryland growers. Offering many national brands at private label prices, Mars maintains a limited line of their own private label goods.

Mars was serviced by its own distribution center in Baltimore, supplying the stores with dry groceries, meats, deli/ dairy, frozen and produce until March 2014 when Mars Supermarkets closed the distribution center and began to liquidate its assets including several of its own privately maintained fleet of tractor trailers. As a result 78 workers lost their jobs. Instead the Company decided to stock stores direct from manufacturers with available transport and receive all other products from one of Bozzuto’s Inc's. distribution center outside of Hartford, Connecticut.

In May 2016, Mars announced that all 13 stores would close by July 31, 2016, with five locations being acquired by Weis Markets. The company stated that they have struggled with declining sales for several years. Mars is attempting to backfill the remaining eight locations with other retailers.

MARS (ticket reservation system)

, which stands for Multi Access seat Reservation System, is a train ticket reservation system used by the railway companies of former Japanese National Railways, currently Japan Railways Group (JR Group) and travel agencies in Japan.

The host of the system is located in Kokubunji, Tokyo and managed by Railway Information Systems Co., Ltd. (JR Systems), a JR Group company jointly owned by the seven members of the group.

Ticket offices at JR stations equipped with MARS terminals are called , selling tickets for all JR Group trains with reserved seats beginning one month prior to the ride.

Station 20090128 013.jpg|A Midori no Madoguchi ticket office at Himeji Station in 2009 MARS-101 terminal as used in the 1960s

Mars (comics)

Mars is a 1984 American comic book series published by First Comics that ran for 12 issues. Inspired by the pulp science fiction stories of the 1930s and 1940s, creators Mark Wheatley and Marc Hempel collaborated on the story featuring a group of explorers and engineers sent to Mars with the goal of terraforming the red planet. When all communication with earth is lost, the team of terraformers must make a decision that will not only forever change their lives but perhaps the future of the human race.

The complete series was collected and released by IDW Publishing in 2005 as both a 288-page trade paperback and limited edition hardcover; this release featured a new cover by Wheatley and Hempel, digitally recolored interior art, and 32 pages of supplemental material detailing the history of the project.


Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System, after Mercury. Named after the Roman god of war, it is often referred to as the "Red Planet" because the iron oxide prevalent on its surface gives it a reddish appearance. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere, having surface features reminiscent both of the impact craters of the Moon and the valleys, deserts, and polar ice caps of Earth.

The rotational period and seasonal cycles of Mars are likewise similar to those of Earth, as is the tilt that produces the seasons. Mars is the site of Olympus Mons, the largest volcano and second-highest known mountain in the Solar System, and of Valles Marineris, one of the largest canyons in the Solar System. The smooth Borealis basin in the northern hemisphere covers 40% of the planet and may be a giant impact feature. Mars has two moons, Phobos and Deimos, which are small and irregularly shaped. These may be captured asteroids, similar to 5261 Eureka, a Mars trojan.

Until the first successful Mars flyby in 1965 by Mariner 4, many speculated about the presence of liquid water on the planet's surface. This was based on observed periodic variations in light and dark patches, particularly in the polar latitudes, which appeared to be seas and continents; long, dark striations were interpreted by some as irrigation channels for liquid water. These straight line features were later explained as optical illusions, though geological evidence gathered by uncrewed missions suggests that Mars once had large-scale water coverage on its surface at an earlier stage of its existence. In 2005, radar data revealed the presence of large quantities of water ice at the poles and at mid-latitudes. The Mars rover Spirit sampled chemical compounds containing water molecules in March 2007. The Phoenix lander directly sampled water ice in shallow Martian soil on July 31, 2008. On September 28, 2015, NASA announced the presence of briny flowing salt water on the Martian surface.

Mars is host to seven functioning spacecraft: five in orbit— 2001 Mars Odyssey, Mars Express, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, MAVEN and Mars Orbiter Mission—and two on the surface— Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity and the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity. Observations by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter have revealed possible flowing water during the warmest months on Mars. In 2013, NASA's Curiosity rover discovered that Mars's soil contains between 1.5% and 3% water by mass (albeit attached to other compounds and thus not freely accessible).

There are ongoing investigations assessing the past habitability potential of Mars, as well as the possibility of extant life. In situ investigations have been performed by the Viking landers, Spirit and Opportunity rovers, Phoenix lander, and Curiosity rover. Future astrobiology missions are planned, including the Mars 2020 and ExoMars rovers.

Mars can easily be seen from Earth with the naked eye, as can its reddish coloring. Its apparent magnitude reaches −2.91, which is surpassed only by Jupiter, Venus, the Moon, and the Sun. Optical ground-based telescopes are typically limited to resolving features about across when Earth and Mars are closest because of Earth's atmosphere.

Mars (motorcycle)

The most famous motocycles made by Mars were the series of motorcycles called the Weiße Mars ("White Mars"), which included the A 20, MA 25, MA 27, and MA 1000 Sport. Designed by Claus Franzenburg, the A 20 and its derivatives had a box-section frame connecting the headstock to the rear wheel and housing the transmission and drive chain, while the engine was mounted in a subframe below. The flat-twin engine was designed by Franzenburg and manufactured for Mars by aircraft engine builder Maybach. It was mounted with its cylinders in line with the frame. was started with a hand crank, and had an enclosed primary drive to the transmission. The A 20, with a trailing-link fork, was made from 1920 to 1925; the MA 1000 Sport, with a girder fork and recirculating lubrication system in the engine, was made in 1928. Despite being called the "White Mars", the motorcycles were also available in red and green.

Mars (mythology)

In ancient Roman religion and myth, Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome. He was second in importance only to Jupiter and he was the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him ( Latin Martius), and in October, which began the season for military campaigning and ended the season for farming.

Under the influence of Greek culture, Mars was identified with the Greek god Ares, whose myths were reinterpreted in Roman literature and art under the name of Mars. But the character and dignity of Mars differed in fundamental ways from that of his Greek counterpart, who is often treated with contempt and revulsion in Greek literature. Mars was a part of the Archaic Triad along with Jupiter and Quirinus, the latter of whom as a guardian of the Roman people had no Greek equivalent. Mars' altar in the Campus Martius, the area of Rome that took its name from him, was supposed to have been dedicated by Numa, the peace-loving semi-legendary second king of Rome. Although the center of Mars' worship was originally located outside the sacred boundary of Rome ( pomerium), Augustus made the god a renewed focus of Roman religion by establishing the Temple of Mars Ultor in his new forum.

Although Ares was viewed primarily as a destructive and destabilizing force, Mars represented military power as a way to secure peace, and was a father (pater) of the Roman people. In the mythic genealogy and founding myths of Rome, Mars was the father of Romulus and Remus with Rhea Silvia. His love affair with Venus symbolically reconciled the two different traditions of Rome's founding; Venus was the divine mother of the hero Aeneas, celebrated as the Trojan refugee who "founded" Rome several generations before Romulus laid out the city walls.

The importance of Mars in establishing religious and cultural identity within the Roman Empire is indicated by the vast number of inscriptions identifying him with a local deity, particularly in the Western provinces.

Mars (surname)

Mars is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

  • Adam Mars (born 1981), American artist
  • Alastair Mars (1915–1985), British World War II submarine commander and author
  • Alexandre Mars (born 1976), French businessman and philanthropist
  • Betty Mars (1944–1989), French singer and actress
  • Brigitte Mars, American herbalist, nutritionist and author
  • Bruno Mars (born 1985), American singer-songwriter
  • Chris Mars, musician and painter
  • Dwayne Mars (born 1989), Barbadian footballer
  • Ed Mars (1866–1941), American baseball player
  • Ethel V. Mars (1884–1945), American businesswoman and racehorse owner
  • Florence Mars (1923–2006), American civil rights activist and author
  • Forrest Mars, Jr. (born 1931), American confectionery magnate
  • Forrest Mars, Sr. (1904–1999), confectionery magnate
  • Franklin Clarence Mars (1883–1934), confectionery magnate
  • Gerald Mars (born 1933), British social anthropologist
  • Hans-Joachim Mars (born 1926), German former sports shooter
  • Jacqueline Mars (born 1939), American confectionery magnate
  • James C. Mars (1876–1944), American aviation pioneer
  • John Mars, Canadian singer, songwriter, and percussionist
  • John Franklyn Mars (born 1935), American confectionery magnate
  • Johnny Mars (born 1942), American harmonica player, singer, and songwriter
  • Kenneth Mars, (1936–2011), American actor
  • Kettly Mars (born 1958), Haitian poet and novelist
  • Mademoiselle Mars (1779–1847), French actress
  • Melissa Mars (born 1979), French singer and actress

Usage examples of "mars".

Mars, of the hardware that the first explorers of Mars will use, and of the mythology of the Navaho people.

The different versions of Mars that they wrote about exist only in the imagination- but that is more than enough.

Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev, of Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin, and of all the other pioneers and heroes of space, we come to Mars in peace for the advancement of all human peoples.

He had watched his daughter step onto the surface of Mars with a mixture of fatherly pride and anxiety that had brought tears to the corners of his eyes.

He had been told that an expedition to Mars would cost too much, that there was nothing humans could do on Mars that could not be done by automated robotic machinery, that Mars could wait for another decade or another generation or another century.

He orchestrated their desires until they themselves began to believe that Mars was the logical objective of their own plans and ambitions.

We go to Mars in the spirit of the new pragmatic cooperation among the nations of the world.

The phrase had won her respect in Tokyo, in Moscow, and in certain hallways along the Potomac, but she knows that in the crucial hours on Mars, the actions that changed two worlds were not hers alone.

Newsnet explains that Mars is reaching the point in its own orbital cycle where it is close to Earth.

She would like to see the sea and sky, Mars and Earth, tied together by that reflection.

To a lot of the farmers, watching holeo images in their worn armchairs Earthside, Mars seemed only a landscape of desolation.

Critical mass was a shiny, polished concept from the gray halls of the universities and space agencies on Earth, but it had its dark side-a side discussed only in hushed conversations among the planners who hung out during late hours in what passed for dim bars in Mars City: they would have to reach critical mass before they could survive a catastrophic shutdown of the supply lines from Earth-a shutdown that could happen any day because of an economic collapse Earthside, a spacecraft disaster at Crystal City or Phobos, or worse.

Three thousand people-putting Mars City somewhere in limbo between a research out-post and a functioning town.

Alwyn Stafford-the father of a tantalizing but disappointing new consensus: ancient wet Mars had produced no more than a few stunted microbial forms, starting three, maybe three and a half billion years ago.

They declared him a member of several academies, and virtually shut down the BioExploration labs in Mars City.