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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
line of latitude/longitude
▪ They were still travelling along the same line of longitude.
▪ In turn these open up the field to considerable latitude of local interpretation.
▪ The decision would appear to give the medical profession considerable latitude in deciding what is necessary.
▪ It is true also that the most recent judicial statements afford considerable latitude to the public authority in devising its own procedures.
▪ A Member has no need to disguise his statement and will be allowed greater latitude in making it.
▪ I certainly have to work cooperatively with others at my job, but there is great latitude for meaningful movement.
▪ It was intended to replace the recently abandoned Gold Standard, but gives a much greater latitude.
▪ The panel has wide latitude in proposing a punishment.
▪ In any case, the current legal limits for caffeine are sufficiently high to allow a wide latitude of experimentation.
▪ The Columbia program was enjoying enormous popularity because it offered the widest possible latitude both in studies and in its entrance requirements.
▪ In exchange, farmers would have wide latitude to plant almost any crop they wish.
▪ A Member has no need to disguise his statement and will be allowed greater latitude in making it.
▪ In any case, the current legal limits for caffeine are sufficiently high to allow a wide latitude of experimentation.
▪ Jasper knew he was allowed extreme latitude in almost everything he did.
▪ Moreover it can also be used to pinpoint any archaeological finds by giving accurate latitude and longitude positions.
▪ That has given the government the latitude to pay its creditors and not default on its borrowings.
▪ Alex always was something of a rebel at heart ... Chapman gave Alex far more latitude than any other player.
▪ This will probably give us more latitude to act.
▪ They gave them much latitude in day-to-day operations and allowed them to mould law and order policies according to counter-insurgency theories.
▪ Since 1989 conservatives on the court have given states more latitude to restrict the conditions under which women terminate pregnancies.
▪ It was intended to replace the recently abandoned Gold Standard, but gives a much greater latitude.
▪ But he knows you give a certain latitude to superstars.
▪ Having his own show gives Williams wide latitude to discuss controversial topics.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Heliocentric \He`li*o*cen"tric\ (h[=e]`l[i^]*[-o]*s[e^]n"tr[i^]k), Heliocentrical \He`li*o*cen"tric"al\ (h[=e]`l[i^]*[-o]*s[e^]n"tr[i^]*kal), a. (Astron.) pertaining to the sun's center, or appearing to be seen from it; having, or relating to, the sun as a center; -- opposed to geocentrical.

Heliocentric parallax. See under Parallax.

Heliocentric place, latitude, longitude, etc. (of a heavenly body), the direction, latitude, longitude, etc., of the body as viewed from the sun.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

late 14c., "breadth," from Old French latitude (13c.) and directly from Latin latitudo "breadth, width, extent, size," from latus "wide," from PIE root *stele- "to spread" (cognates: Old Church Slavonic steljo "to spread out," Armenian lain "broad"). Geographical sense also is from late 14c., literally "breadth" of a map of the known world. Figurative sense of "allowable degree of variation" is early 15c. Related: Latitudinal.


n. 1 (context geography astronomy English) The angular distance north or south from a planet's equator, measured along the meridian of that particular point. 2 (context geography English) An imaginary line (in fact a circle) around a planet running parallel to the planet's equator. 3 The relative freedom from restrictions; scope to do something. 4 (context astronomy English) The angular distance of a heavenly body from the ecliptic. 5 (context photography English) The extent to which a light-sensitive material can be over- or underexposed and still achieve an acceptable result. 6 extent or scope; e.g. breadth, width or amplitude.

  1. n. the angular distance between an imaginary line around a heavenly body parallel to its equator and the equator itself

  2. freedom from normal restraints in conduct; "the new freedom in movies and novels"; "allowed his children considerable latitude in how they spent their money"

  3. an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator [syn: line of latitude, parallel of latitude, parallel]

  4. scope for freedom of e.g. action or thought; freedom from restriction

Latitude (building)

Latitude is part of the World Square complex bounded by George, Goulburn, Liverpool and Pitt Streets in Sydney, Australia. The building's official name is Ernst & Young Tower at Latitude and is located on the corner of George and Goulburn streets.


In geography, latitude (φ) is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface. Latitude is an angle (defined below) which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles. Lines of constant latitude, or parallels, run east–west as circles parallel to the equator. Latitude is used together with longitude to specify the precise location of features on the surface of the Earth. Two levels of abstraction are employed in the definition of these coordinates. In the first step the physical surface is modelled by the geoid, a surface which approximates the mean sea level over the oceans and its continuation under the land masses. The second step is to approximate the geoid by a mathematically simpler reference surface. The simplest choice for the reference surface is a sphere, but the geoid is more accurately modelled by an ellipsoid. The definitions of latitude and longitude on such reference surfaces are detailed in the following sections. Lines of constant latitude and longitude together constitute a graticule on the reference surface. The latitude of a point on the actual surface is that of the corresponding point on the reference surface, the correspondence being along the normal to the reference surface which passes through the point on the physical surface. Latitude and longitude together with some specification of height constitute a geographic coordinate system as defined in the specification of the ISO 19111 standard.

Since there are many different reference ellipsoids the latitude of a feature on the surface is not unique: this is stressed in the ISO standard which states that "without the full specification of the coordinate reference system, coordinates (that is latitude and longitude) are ambiguous at best and meaningless at worst". This is of great importance in accurate applications, such as a Global Positioning System (GPS), but in common usage, where high accuracy is not required, the reference ellipsoid is not usually stated.

In English texts the latitude angle, defined below, is usually denoted by the Greek lower-case letter phi ( φ or ɸ). It is measured in degrees, minutes and seconds or decimal degrees, north or south of the equator.

Measurement of latitude requires an understanding of the gravitational field of the Earth, either for setting up theodolites or for determination of GPS satellite orbits. The study of the figure of the Earth together with its gravitational field is the science of geodesy. These topics are not discussed in this article. (See for example the textbooks by Torge and Hofmann-Wellenhof and Moritz.)

This article relates to coordinate systems for the Earth: it may be extended to cover the Moon, planets and other celestial objects by a simple change of nomenclature.

The following lists are available:

  • List of cities by latitude
  • List of countries by latitude
Latitude (disambiguation)

Latitude may refer to:

  • Latitude, a geographical term denoting the north/south angular location of a place on the Earth or other celestial bodies
  • Celestial latitude
  • Paleolatitude is referred to in Paleomagnetism
  • Exposure latitude, a photographic term pertaining to over/underexposure of film
  • Latitude Group, a UK search engine marketing agency
  • Latitude Festival, a music festival in Suffolk, England
  • Renault Latitude, a car
  • Dell Latitude, a brand of laptop computer from Dell
  • Google Latitude, a location-aware tracking application for mobiles developed by Google
  • Latitudes (film), a 2014 Brazilian film
  • In music:
    • Latitude, a group made up of Craig Peyton and Ben Verdery, active ca. 1986
    • Latitude, a group active ca. 1993
    • Latitude, a group made up of Emanuele Meime and Matteo Matteini, active ca. 2008

Usage examples of "latitude".

Oronteus Finaeus World Map also commands attention: it successfully places the coasts of Antarctica in correct latitudes and relative longitudes and finds a remarkably accurate area for the continent as a whole.

Sailors could tell their latitude by the angle of the sun off the horizon, had been doing it for a thousand years with cross-staffs, astrolabes, octants and sextants.

The limit of such physiological experiment, in its utmost latitude, should be to establish truth in the hands of a skilful experimenter, and not to demonstrate it to ignorant classes and encourage them to repeat it.

The puma, or maneless American lion, has an immense range, both in latitude and altitude, being found from Oregon to the Straits of Magellan, and nearly up to the limit of eternal snow.

After its death, the regulation of the markless sea would disguise its latitude, marching over its former position as though it had never existed.

Assogue ships arrived with the treasure in Spain, notwithstanding the vigilance of the English commanders, who were stationed in a certain latitude to intercept that flota.

If I have not outraced the winter to this latitude, I have at any rate survived it in the wilderness.

Then my eyes fell upon the vast planisphere spread upon the table, and I placed my finger on the very spot where the given latitude and longitude crossed.

Into the modern Utopia there must have entered the mental tendencies and origins that give our own world the polygamy of the Zulus and of Utah, the polyandry of Tibet, the latitudes of experiment permitted in the United States, and the divorceless wedlock of Comte.

But Mercator overcame the effect of the curvature of the earth by increasing the length of the degree of latitude on his map progressively towards the poles in the same proportion that, on a curved surface, the meridians converge.

Quite often when a hurricane reaches the northern limits of its latitude and then is caught up by the westerlies it can remain stationary at its point of recurvature for twelve or twenty-four hours-which would have meant that you would have had to sail through it.

The drift of the organism was not rapid, and would presumably become less so as the low-salinity current weakened and grew saltier with changing latitude.

His flight pattern called for him to proceed to the seventieth degree of latitude and to fly along it until Lis scintillometer recorded .

This country, situated next to Nova Scotia, lies between the forty-first and forty-fifth degrees of north latitude, extending near three hundred miles in length, and about two hundred in breadth, if we bound it by those tracts which the French possessed: no part of the settlements of this country, however, stretches above sixty miles from the sea.

At this high latitude, instead of dropping straight down out of sight, it slithered slantways along the horizon.