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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
took a calculated risk
▪ The police took a calculated risk in releasing him.
took a drag
▪ Frank took a drag on his cigarette.
took a flying leap
▪ He took a flying leap and just managed to clear the stream.
took a nosedive
▪ The pound took a nosedive on the foreign exchange market today.
took a peep
▪ Jon took a peep at his watch.
took a poke at
▪ Bennett took a poke at the President’s refusal to sign the bill.
took a swing at (=tried to hit)
▪ He took a swing at my head and missed.
took a swipe at
▪ She took a swipe at the ball.
took a whack at (=tried to hit)
▪ Singleton took a whack at Miller’s head.
took a...jab
▪ White House officials took a sharp jab at the Democrats’ plan.
took an instant dislike to (=they disliked each other immediately)
▪ They took an instant dislike to each other .
took an overdose
▪ She took an overdose and died two days later.
took a...peek
▪ Diane took a quick peek at herself in the mirror.
took forever
▪ It took forever to clean up after the party.
took office (=started in an important job or position)
▪ A provisional military government took office.
took one look
▪ I took one look at the coat and decided it wasn’t worth £50.
took silk (=became a QC)
▪ His practice quickly grew and he took silk in 1988.
took the bait (=accepted what was on offer)
▪ Plenty of people took the bait and lost their life savings.
took the easy way out
▪ I just took the easy way out and gave him some cash.
took the gloss off
▪ The injury to Keane took the gloss off Manchester United’s victory.
took the lift
▪ They took the lift down to the bar.
took the podium (=spoke from it)
▪ Several speakers took the podium that night.
▪ The old wardrobe took up too much room.
▪ They took the engine apart to see what was wrong. an insult (=thought it was meant to be an insult)
▪ Their offer was so low I took it as an insult .
took...fingerprints (=made a record of them)
▪ The police questioned Beresford and took his fingerprints.
took...for a drive
▪ Taylor took me for a drive through the town.
▪ He took a huge gulp of brandy.
took...long time
▪ It took a long time to get everything ready.
▪ It took me longer than I thought it would.
▪ He took a mouthful of his pudding.
▪ She took a nibble of her cookie.
▪ He laughed and took a puff on his cigar.
▪ He took a lot of ribbing from other members of the crew.
▪ She took a long sabbatical.
▪ She poured more wine and took a sip.
▪ Tyson broke a rib when he took a spill on his motorcycle.
▪ She took a long swig of Coke.
▪ the two goals that took his tally for Scotland to 15 new heights
▪ They took ice dancing to new heights.
▪ The bombings took a heavy toll, killing hundreds of Londoners.
took...unprecedented step
▪ He took the unprecedented step of stating that the rumours were false.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Take \Take\, v. t. [imp. Took (t[oo^]k); p. p. Taken (t[=a]k'n); p. pr. & vb. n. Taking.] [Icel. taka; akin to Sw. taga, Dan. tage, Goth. t[=e]kan to touch; of uncertain origin.]

  1. In an active sense; To lay hold of; to seize with the hands, or otherwise; to grasp; to get into one's hold or possession; to procure; to seize and carry away; to convey. Hence, specifically:

    1. To obtain possession of by force or artifice; to get the custody or control of; to reduce into subjection to one's power or will; to capture; to seize; to make prisoner; as, to take an army, a city, or a ship; also, to come upon or befall; to fasten on; to attack; to seize; -- said of a disease, misfortune, or the like.

      This man was taken of the Jews.
      --Acts xxiii. 27.

      Men in their loose, unguarded hours they take; Not that themselves are wise, but others weak.

      They that come abroad after these showers are commonly taken with sickness.

      There he blasts the tree and takes the cattle And makes milch kine yield blood.

    2. To gain or secure the interest or affection of; to captivate; to engage; to interest; to charm.

      Neither let her take thee with her eyelids.
      --Prov. vi. 25.

      Cleombroutus was so taken with this prospect, that he had no patience.

      I know not why, but there was a something in those half-seen features, -- a charm in the very shadow that hung over their imagined beauty, -- which took me more than all the outshining loveliness of her companions.

    3. To make selection of; to choose; also, to turn to; to have recourse to; as, to take the road to the right.

      Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken.
      --1 Sam. xiv. 4

  2. The violence of storming is the course which God is forced to take for the destroying . . . of sinners. --Hammond. (d) To employ; to use; to occupy; hence, to demand; to require; as, it takes so much cloth to make a coat; it takes five hours to get to Boston from New York by car. This man always takes time . . . before he passes his judgments. --I. Watts. (e) To form a likeness of; to copy; to delineate; to picture; as, to take a picture of a person. Beauty alone could beauty take so right. --Dryden. (f) To draw; to deduce; to derive. [R.] The firm belief of a future judgment is the most forcible motive to a good life, because taken from this consideration of the most lasting happiness and misery. --Tillotson. (g) To assume; to adopt; to acquire, as shape; to permit to one's self; to indulge or engage in; to yield to; to have or feel; to enjoy or experience, as rest, revenge, delight, shame; to form and adopt, as a resolution; -- used in general senses, limited by a following complement, in many idiomatic phrases; as, to take a resolution; I take the liberty to say. (h) To lead; to conduct; as, to take a child to church. (i) To carry; to convey; to deliver to another; to hand over; as, he took the book to the bindery; he took a dictionary with him. He took me certain gold, I wot it well. --Chaucer. (k) To remove; to withdraw; to deduct; -- with from; as, to take the breath from one; to take two from four. 2. In a somewhat passive sense, to receive; to bear; to endure; to acknowledge; to accept. Specifically: (a) To accept, as something offered; to receive; not to refuse or reject; to admit. Ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer. --Num. xxxv. 3

    1. Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore.
      --1 Tim. v. 10. (b) To receive as something to be eaten or drunk; to partake of; to swallow; as, to take food or wine. (c) Not to refuse or balk at; to undertake readily; to clear; as, to take a hedge or fence. (d) To bear without ill humor or resentment; to submit to; to tolerate; to endure; as, to take a joke; he will take an affront from no man. (e) To admit, as, something presented to the mind; not to dispute; to allow; to accept; to receive in thought; to entertain in opinion; to understand; to interpret; to regard or look upon; to consider; to suppose; as, to take a thing for granted; this I take to be man's motive; to take men for spies.

      You take me right.

      Charity, taken in its largest extent, is nothing else but the science love of God and our neighbor.

      [He] took that for virtue and affection which was nothing but vice in a disguise.

      You'd doubt his sex, and take him for a girl.
      --Tate. (f) To accept the word or offer of; to receive and accept; to bear; to submit to; to enter into agreement with; -- used in general senses; as, to take a form or shape.

      I take thee at thy word.

      Yet thy moist clay is pliant to command; . . . Not take the mold.

  3. To make a picture, photograph, or the like, of; as, to take a group or a scene. [Colloq.]

  4. To give or deliver (a blow to); to strike; hit; as, he took me in the face; he took me a blow on the head. [Obs. exc. Slang or Dial.] To be taken aback, To take advantage of, To take air, etc. See under Aback, Advantage, etc. To take aim, to direct the eye or weapon; to aim. To take along, to carry, lead, or convey. To take arms, to commence war or hostilities. To take away, to carry off; to remove; to cause deprivation of; to do away with; as, a bill for taking away the votes of bishops. ``By your own law, I take your life away.'' --Dryden. To take breath, to stop, as from labor, in order to breathe or rest; to recruit or refresh one's self. To take care, to exercise care or vigilance; to be solicitous. ``Doth God take care for oxen?'' --1 Cor. ix. 9. To take care of, to have the charge or care of; to care for; to superintend or oversee. To take down. (a) To reduce; to bring down, as from a high, or higher, place; as, to take down a book; hence, to bring lower; to depress; to abase or humble; as, to take down pride, or the proud. ``I never attempted to be impudent yet, that I was not taken down.'' --Goldsmith. (b) To swallow; as, to take down a potion. (c) To pull down; to pull to pieces; as, to take down a house or a scaffold. (d) To record; to write down; as, to take down a man's words at the time he utters them. To take effect, To take fire. See under Effect, and Fire. To take ground to the right or To take ground to the left (Mil.), to extend the line to the right or left; to move, as troops, to the right or left. To take heart, to gain confidence or courage; to be encouraged. To take heed, to be careful or cautious. ``Take heed what doom against yourself you give.'' --Dryden. To take heed to, to attend with care, as, take heed to thy ways. To take hold of, to seize; to fix on. To take horse, to mount and ride a horse. To take in. (a) To inclose; to fence. (b) To encompass or embrace; to comprise; to comprehend. (c) To draw into a smaller compass; to contract; to brail or furl; as, to take in sail. (d) To cheat; to circumvent; to gull; to deceive. (e) To admit; to receive; as, a leaky vessel will take in water. (f) To win by conquest. [Obs.] For now Troy's broad-wayed town He shall take in. --Chapman. (g) To receive into the mind or understanding. ``Some bright genius can take in a long train of propositions.'' --I. Watts. (h) To receive regularly, as a periodical work or newspaper; to take. [Eng.] To take in hand. See under Hand. To take in vain, to employ or utter as in an oath. ``Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.'' --Ex. xx. 7. To take issue. See under Issue. To take leave. See Leave, n., 2. To take a newspaper, magazine, or the like, to receive it regularly, as on paying the price of subscription. To take notice, to observe, or to observe with particular attention. To take notice of. See under Notice. To take oath, to swear with solemnity, or in a judicial manner. To take on, to assume; to take upon one's self; as, to take on a character or responsibility. To take one's own course, to act one's pleasure; to pursue the measures of one's own choice. To take order for. See under Order. To take order with, to check; to hinder; to repress. [Obs.] --Bacon. To take orders. (a) To receive directions or commands. (b) (Eccl.) To enter some grade of the ministry. See Order, n., 10. To take out. (a) To remove from within a place; to separate; to deduct. (b) To draw out; to remove; to clear or cleanse from; as, to take out a stain or spot from cloth. (c) To produce for one's self; as, to take out a patent. To take up. (a) To lift; to raise. --Hood. (b) To buy or borrow; as, to take up goods to a large amount; to take up money at the bank. (c) To begin; as, to take up a lamentation. --Ezek. xix.

    1. (d) To gather together; to bind up; to fasten or to replace; as, to take up raveled stitches; specifically (Surg.), to fasten with a ligature. (e) To engross; to employ; to occupy or fill; as, to take up the time; to take up a great deal of room. (f) To take permanently. ``Arnobius asserts that men of the finest parts . . . took up their rest in the Christian religion.'' --Addison. (g) To seize; to catch; to arrest; as, to take up a thief; to take up vagabonds. (h) To admit; to believe; to receive. [Obs.] The ancients took up experiments upon credit. --Bacon. (i) To answer by reproof; to reprimand; to berate. One of his relations took him up roundly. --L'Estrange. (k) To begin where another left off; to keep up in continuous succession. Soon as the evening shades prevail, The moon takes up the wondrous tale. --Addison. (l) To assume; to adopt as one's own; to carry on or manage; as, to take up the quarrels of our neighbors; to take up current opinions. ``They take up our old trade of conquering.'' --Dryden. (m) To comprise; to include. ``The noble poem of Palemon and Arcite . . . takes up seven years.'' --Dryden. (n) To receive, accept, or adopt for the purpose of assisting; to espouse the cause of; to favor. --Ps. xxvii. 10. (o) To collect; to exact, as a tax; to levy; as, to take up a contribution. ``Take up commodities upon our bills.'' --Shak. (p) To pay and receive; as, to take up a note at the bank. (q) (Mach.) To remove, as by an adjustment of parts; as, to take up lost motion, as in a bearing; also, to make tight, as by winding, or drawing; as, to take up slack thread in sewing. (r) To make up; to compose; to settle; as, to take up a quarrel. [Obs.] --Shak. To take up arms. Same as To take arms, above. To take upon one's self.

      1. To assume; to undertake; as, he takes upon himself to assert that the fact is capable of proof.

      2. To appropriate to one's self; to allow to be imputed to, or inflicted upon, one's self; as, to take upon one's self a punishment.

        To take up the gauntlet. See under Gauntlet.


Took \Took\ (t[oo^]k), imp. of Take.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

past tense of take (v.), from late Old English toc, past tense of tacan.


vb. (en-simple past of: take)

  1. n. the income arising from land or other property; "the average return was about 5%" [syn: return, issue, proceeds, takings, yield, payoff]

  2. the act of photographing a scene or part of a scene without interruption

  3. [also: took, taken]


See take

  1. v. carry out; "take action"; "take steps"; "take vengeance"

  2. as of time or space; "It took three hours to get to work this morning"; "This event occupied a very short time" [syn: occupy, use up]

  3. take somebody somewhere; "We lead him to our chief"; "can you take me to the main entrance?"; "He conducted us to the palace" [syn: lead, direct, conduct, guide]

  4. get into one's hands, take physically; "Take a cookie!"; "Can you take this bag, please" [syn: get hold of]

  5. take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect; "His voice took on a sad tone"; "The story took a new turn"; "he adopted an air of superiority"; "She assumed strange manners"; "The gods assume human or animal form in these fables" [syn: assume, acquire, adopt, take on]

  6. interpret something in a certain way; convey a particular meaning or impression; "I read this address as a satire"; "How should I take this message?"; "You can't take credit for this!" [syn: read]

  7. take something or somebody with oneself somewhere; "Bring me the box from the other room"; "Take these letters to the boss"; "This brings me to the main point" [syn: bring, convey]

  8. take into one's possession; "We are taking an orphan from Romania"; "I'll take three salmon steaks" [ant: give]

  9. require as useful, just, or proper; "It takes nerve to do what she did"; "success usually requires hard work"; "This job asks a lot of patience and skill"; "This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice"; "This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert"; "This intervention does not postulates a patient's consent" [syn: necessitate, ask, postulate, need, require, involve, call for, demand] [ant: obviate]

  10. pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives; "Take any one of these cards"; "Choose a good husband for your daughter"; "She selected a pair of shoes from among the dozen the salesgirl had shown her" [syn: choose, select, pick out]

  11. travel or go by means of a certain kind of transportation, or a certain route; "He takes the bus to work"; "She takes Route 1 to Newark"

  12. receive willingly something given or offered; "The only girl who would have him was the miller's daughter"; "I won't have this dog in my house!"; "Please accept my present" [syn: accept, have] [ant: refuse]

  13. assume, as of positions or roles; "She took the job as director of development" [syn: fill]

  14. take into consideration for exemplifying purposes; "Take the case of China"; "Consider the following case" [syn: consider, deal, look at]

  15. experience or feel or submit to; "Take a test"; "Take the plunge"

  16. make a film or photograph of something; "take a scene"; "shoot a movie" [syn: film, shoot]

  17. remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, taking off, etc. or remove something abstract; "remove a threat"; "remove a wrapper"; "Remove the dirty dishes from the table"; "take the gun from your pocket"; "This machine withdraws heat from the environment" [syn: remove, take away, withdraw]

  18. serve oneself to, or consume regularly; "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"; "I don't take sugar in my coffee" [syn: consume, ingest, take in, have] [ant: abstain]

  19. accept or undergo, often unwillingly; "We took a pay cut" [syn: undergo, submit]

  20. make use of or accept for some purpose; "take a risk"; "take an opportunity" [syn: accept]

  21. take by force; "Hitler took the Baltic Republics"; "The army took the fort on the hill"

  22. occupy or take on; "He assumes the lotus position"; "She took her seat on the stage"; "We took our seats in the orchestra"; "She took up her position behind the tree"; "strike a pose" [syn: assume, strike, take up]

  23. admit into a group or community; "accept students for graduate study"; "We'll have to vote on whether or not to admit a new member" [syn: accept, admit, take on]

  24. ascertain or determine by measuring, computing or take a reading from a dial; "take a pulse"; "A reading was taken of the earth's tremors"

  25. be a student of a certain subject; "She is reading for the bar exam" [syn: learn, study, read]

  26. take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of affairs; "the accident claimed three lives"; "The hard work took its toll on her" [syn: claim, exact]

  27. head into a specified direction; "The escaped convict took to the hills"; "We made for the mountains" [syn: make]

  28. aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment; "Please don't aim at your little brother!"; "He trained his gun on the burglar"; "Don't train your camera on the women"; "Take a swipe at one's opponent" [syn: aim, train, take aim, direct]

  29. be seized or affected in a specified way; "take sick"; "be taken drunk"

  30. have with oneself; have on one's person; "She always takes an umbrella"; "I always carry money"; "She packs a gun when she goes into the mountains" [syn: carry, pack]

  31. engage for service under a term of contract; "We took an apartment on a quiet street"; "Let's rent a car"; "Shall we take a guide in Rome?" [syn: lease, rent, hire, charter, engage]

  32. receive or obtain by regular payment; "We take the Times every day" [syn: subscribe, subscribe to]

  33. buy, select; "I'll take a pound of that sausage"

  34. to get into a position of having, e.g., safety, comfort; "take shelter from the storm"

  35. have sex with; archaic use; "He had taken this woman when she was most vulnerable" [syn: have]

  36. lay claim to; as of an idea; "She took credit for the whole idea" [syn: claim] [ant: disclaim]

  37. be designed to hold or take; "This surface will not take the dye" [syn: accept]

  38. be capable of holding or containing; "This box won't take all the items"; "The flask holds one gallon" [syn: contain, hold]

  39. develop a habit; "He took to visiting bars"

  40. proceed along in a vehicle; "We drive the turnpike to work" [syn: drive]

  41. obtain by winning; "Winner takes all"; "He took first prize"

  42. be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness; "He got AIDS"; "She came down with pneumonia"; "She took a chill" [syn: contract, get]

  43. [also: took, taken]


The name Took may refer to:

Took (The Wire)

"Took" is the seventh episode of the fifth season of the HBO original series, The Wire. The episode was written by Richard Price from a story by David Simon & Richard Price and was directed by cast member Dominic West. It aired on February 17, 2008.

Took (disambiguation)

Took may refer to:

  • Took (surname)
  • Took, the seventh episode of the fifth season of the HBO original series, The Wire.

Usage examples of "took".

An Englishman took the bill, and after a careful examination said he neither knew the drawer, the accepter, nor the backer.

Out of politeness the countess looked at her husband before accepting the invitation, but he cried out, without ceremony, that he was ready to go if I took the whole family.

I left the coffee-room with the young Frenchman, who, being well acquainted with the place, took me to the most favourable spot, and we waited there for the two other champions, who were walking slowly and talking together.

While I was staying with him I became acquainted with some of his weak points, and endeavoured to correct them, at which he took great offence.

As we left the Tuileries, Patu took me to the house of a celebrated actress of the opera, Mademoiselle Le Fel, the favourite of all Paris, and member of the Royal Academy of Music.

Without more ado I locked the door, took off my clothes, and seeing that her back was turned to me, jumped into bed beside her.

I wished them a good night, and as soon as I was in bed the god of dreams took me under his care, and made me pass the night with the adorable Mdlle.

I had bought them dresses and linen in abundance, they were well lodged and well fed, I took them to the theatre and to the country, and the consequence was they all adored me, and seemed to think that this manner of living would go on for ever.

You, with all your deep adoring love for me, became all at once blind to my sorrow, whatever care I took to make it clear to your sight.

Burning with amorous passion I thought I would take the opportunity, and, to lose no time, as the coachman was driving fast, I took her hand and pressed it softly.

We made up our minds, and for the remainder of my visit our amorous meetings only took place in the summerhouses in the garden.

The count, apologizing for his wife who was not up yet, took me to her room.

Soon after he took his leave, without asking me where I intended dining, or apologizing for not having accommodated me himself.

Rousing myself up and gathering my wits together, I first took off the linen bandages, and I was astonished to find my wounds healed and quite free from pain.

Impatient to gain possession of her I took off my clothes, and on getting into bed to her I was astonished to find her a maid.