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The Collaborative International Dictionary

I \I\ ([imac]).

  1. I, the ninth letter of the English alphabet, takes its form from the Ph[oe]nician, through the Latin and the Greek. The Ph[oe]nician letter was probably of Egyptian origin. Its original value was nearly the same as that of the Italian I, or long e as in mete. Etymologically I is most closely related to e, y, j, g; as in dint, dent, beverage, L. bibere; E. kin, AS. cynn; E. thin, AS. [thorn]ynne; E. dominion, donjon, dungeon. In English I has two principal vowel sounds: the long sound, as in p[=i]ne, [=i]ce; and the short sound, as in p[i^]n. It has also three other sounds:

    1. That of e in term, as in thirst.

    2. That of e in mete (in words of foreign origin), as in machine, pique, regime.

    3. That of consonant y (in many words in which it precedes another vowel), as in bunion, million, filial, Christian, etc. It enters into several digraphs, as in fail, field, seize, feign. friend; and with o often forms a proper diphtong, as in oil, join, coin. See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 98-106.

      Note: The dot which we place over the small or lower case i dates only from the 14th century. The sounds of I and J were originally represented by the same character, and even after the introduction of the form J into English dictionaries, words containing these letters were, till a comparatively recent time, classed together.

  2. In our old authors, I was often used for ay (or aye), yes, which is pronounced nearly like it.

  3. As a numeral, I stands for 1, II for 2, etc.


I \I\ ([imac]), pron. [poss. My (m[imac]) or Mine (m[imac]n); object. Me (m[=e]). pl. nom. We (w[=e]); poss. Our (our) or Ours (ourz); object. Us ([u^]s).] [OE. i, ich, ic, AS. ic; akin to OS. & D. ik, OHG. ih, G. ich, Icel. ek, Dan. jeg, Sw. jag, Goth. ik, OSlav. az', Russ. ia, W. i, L. ego, Gr. 'egw`, 'egw`n, Skr. aham. [root]179. Cf. Egoism.] The nominative case of the pronoun of the first person; the word with which a speaker or writer denotes himself.


Personal \Per"son*al\ (p[~e]r"s[u^]n*al), a. [L. personalis: cf. F. personnel.]

  1. Pertaining to human beings as distinct from things.

    Every man so termed by way of personal difference.

  2. Of or pertaining to a particular person; relating to, or affecting, an individual, or each of many individuals; peculiar or proper to private concerns; not public or general; as, personal comfort; personal desire.

    The words are conditional, -- If thou doest well, -- and so personal to Cain.

  3. Pertaining to the external or bodily appearance; corporeal; as, personal charms.

  4. Done in person; without the intervention of another. ``Personal communication.''

    The immediate and personal speaking of God.

  5. Relating to an individual, his character, conduct, motives, or private affairs, in an invidious and offensive manner; as, personal reflections or remarks.

  6. (Gram.) Denoting person; as, a personal pronoun.

    Personal action (Law), a suit or action by which a man claims a debt or personal duty, or damages in lieu of it; or wherein he claims satisfaction in damages for an injury to his person or property, or the specific recovery of goods or chattels; -- opposed to real action.

    Personal equation. (Astron.) See under Equation.

    Personal estate or Personal property (Law), movables; chattels; -- opposed to real estate or property. It usually consists of things temporary and movable, including all subjects of property not of a freehold nature.

    Personal identity (Metaph.), the persistent and continuous unity of the individual person, which is attested by consciousness.

    Personal pronoun (Gram.), one of the pronouns I, thou, he, she, it, and their plurals.

    Personal representatives (Law), the executors or administrators of a person deceased.

    Personal rights, rights appertaining to the person; as, the rights of a personal security, personal liberty, and private property.

    Personal tithes. See under Tithe.

    Personal verb (Gram.), a verb which is modified or inflected to correspond with the three persons.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

12c. shortening of Old English ic, first person singular nominative pronoun, from Proto-Germanic *ekan (cognates: Old Frisian ik, Old Norse ek, Norwegian eg, Danish jeg, Old High German ih, German ich, Gothic ik), from PIE *eg-, nominative form of the first person singular pronoun (cognates: Sanskrit aham, Hittite uk, Latin ego (source of French Je), Greek ego, Russian ja, Lithuanian ). Reduced to i by mid-12c. in northern England, it began to be capitalized mid-13c. to mark it as a distinct word and avoid misreading in handwritten manuscripts.\n\nThe reason for writing I is ... the orthographic habit in the middle ages of using a 'long i' (that is, j or I) whenever the letter was isolated or formed the last letter of a group; the numeral 'one' was written j or I (and three iij, etc.), just as much as the pronoun.

[Otto Jespersen, "Growth and Structure of the English Language," p.233]

\nThe form ich or ik, especially before vowels, lingered in northern England until c.1400 and survived in southern dialects until 18c. The dot on the "small" letter -i- began to appear in 11c. Latin manuscripts, to distinguish the letter from the stroke of another letter (such as -m- or -n-). Originally a diacritic, it was reduced to a dot with the introduction of Roman type fonts. The letter -y- also was written with a top dot in Old English and early Middle English, when it tended to be written with a closed loop at the top and thus was almost indistinguishable from the lower-case thorn (þ).

Etymology 1 n. (context metaphysics English) The ego. pron. The speaker or writer, referred to as the grammatical subject, of a sentence. Etymology 2

letter (Latn-def en letter 9 i) num. (Latn-def en ordinal 9 i) Etymology 3

n. 1 (context US roadway English) interstate 2 (context grammar English) (abbreviation of instrumental case English)


adj. used of a single unit or thing; not two or more; "`ane' is Scottish" [syn: one, 1, ane]


Ì ì

Ì is used in the ISO 9:1995 system of Ukrainian transliteration as the Cyrillic letter І.

In the Pinyin system of Chinese romanization, ì is an i with a falling tone.

This appears in Alcozauca Mixtec, Italian, Taos, Vietnamese, Welsh, Scottish Gaelic and also in the constructed language Na'vi.


Î, î ( i- circumflex) is a letter in the Friulian, Kurdish, and Romanian alphabets. This letter also appears in French, Turkish, Italian, Welsh and Walloon languages as a variant of letter “i”.

I (Cyrillic)

I (И и; italics: И и) is a letter used in almost all ancient and modern Cyrillic alphabets.

It commonly represents the close front unrounded vowel , like the pronunciation of in "machine", or the near-close near-front unrounded vowel , like the pronunciation of in "bin".


Í, í ( i- acute) is a letter in the Faroese, Hungarian, Icelandic, Czech, Slovak, and Tatar languages, where it often indicates a long /i/ vowel. This form also appears in Catalan, Irish, Occitan, Portuguese, Spanish, Galician, Leonese, Navajo, and Vietnamese language as a variant of the letter “i”. In Latin, the long i is used instead of for a long i-vowel.


Ï, lowercase ï, is a symbol used in various languages written with the Latin alphabet; it can be read as the letter I with diaeresis or I-umlaut.

In Afrikaans, Catalan, Dutch, French, Galician, Welsh, Southern Sami, and occasionally English, is used when follows another vowel and indicates hiatus (diaeresis) in the pronunciation of such a word—that is, it indicates that the two vowels are pronounced in separate syllables, rather than together as a diphthong or digraph. For example, French maïs (, maize); without the diaeresis, the is part of the digraph : mais (, but). The letter is also in DutchOekraïne (, Ukraine), and English naïve ( or ).

In scholarly writing on Turkic languages, is sometimes used to write the close back unrounded vowel , which in standard modern Turkish orthography is written as the dotless i . The back neutral vowel reconstructed in Proto-Mongolic is sometimes written .

In the transcription of the languages of the Amazon, ï is used to represent the high central vowel .

I (Meshuggah EP)

I is a one-song EP by Swedish metal band Meshuggah. It was released on July 13, 2004, by Fractured Transmitter Recording Company. A remastered reissue of the EP was released on September 30, 2014.

I (Misako Odani album)

i is an album by Japanese singer/pianist Misako Odani, released December 3, 1997 on the Universal Victor label. It was produced by Jun Sato, who also wrote the scores for all the music except for track 4, which was co-written by Misako.

I (Kurt Nilsen album)

I (also: i) is the debut album of Norwegian singer-songwriter Kurt Nilsen.

I (The Magnetic Fields album)

i is the seventh studio album by American indie pop band The Magnetic Fields. It was released on May 4, 2004 by record label Nonesuch. The songs of the album are connected by their starting with the letter "i", and are also arranged in alphabetical order.

I (disambiguation)

I is the ninth letter of the Latin alphabet.

I or i may also refer to:

I (Cilvaringz album)

I is the debut album from Wu-Tang Clan-affiliated producer Cilvaringz. Cilvaringz limited all production to in-house Wu-Tang producers only, a formula applied to Wu-Tang albums recorded between 1993 and 1997. gave the album 4 out of 5 stars and an Album of the Month notation. I sold 62800 copies worldwide with the majority of sales in the United States.

I (pronoun)

The pronoun I is the first-person singular nominative case personal pronoun in Modern English. It is used to refer to one's self and is capitalized, although other pronouns, such as he or she, are not capitalized.

The grammatical variants of I are me, my, mine, and myself.

I (kana)

in hiragana or in katakana ( romanised as i) is one of the Japanese kana each of which represents one mora. い is based on the sōsho style of the kanji character 以, and イ is from the radical (left part) of the kanji character 伊. In the modern Japanese system of alphabetical order, it occupies the second position of the alphabet, between あ and う. Additionally, it is the first letter in Iroha, before ろ. Both represent the sound . In the Ainu language, katakana イ is written as y in their Latin-based alphabet, and a small ィ after another katakana represents a diphthong.





Normal a/i/u/e/o
(あ行 a-gyō)





Other additional forms

Form (y-)



















I (Kingston Wall album)

I (Originally titled as Kingston Wall) is the debut album from the Finnish group Kingston Wall.

This album was originally released under the band's own record label, Trinity, in 1992. It was also licensed and released in Japan by Japanese Zero record label. Both of these prints have been sold-out in the 1990s and are considered somewhat collector's items. The original Trinity print featured a psychedelic cartoon drawing inside the album cover booklet. The Japanese print included English lyrics in the jewel case insert booklet as well as Japanese translations of the lyrics.

In 1998, Finnish record label Zen Garden (later SonyBMG Finland) re-released the whole Kingston Wall discography as remastered versions along with a 2-disc limited print-version of each album which included a Bonus CD featuring rare/unreleased studio and live material. These 2-disc versions have also been sold-out and are considered collectibles. The album is still available as a remastered 1-disc version from Zen Garden (2006).

I (band)

I is a Norwegian heavy metal supergroup formed in 2006. The band features Immortal members Abbath and Armagedda, Gorgoroth bassist TC King, and Enslaved's Ice Dale. The band cites Bathory as one of their major influences.

The band's debut album, Between Two Worlds, was released on November 3, 2006 in the United Kingdom and November 14, 2006 in the United States through Nuclear Blast Records. Their first and only live show was at The Hole in the Sky Festival in Bergen on August 26, 2006. Currently there are no more scheduled live shows. In 2007 Abbath has stated that he had started working on new songs for the next album, although no further comment has been made since. Given Abbath's formation of the band Abbath in 2015 following his departure from Immortal along with I bassist TC King, it is unlikely that a future I album will emerge. As part of prompting their new project, Abbath covered I's Warriors in October 2015.

I (JonnyX and the Groadies album)

I is the debut Album released by Portland, Oregon Cybergrind band JonnyX and the Groadies.

I (Die Krupps album)

I is an album by the German band Die Krupps. It was released in 1992.

Several songs on the album make use of film samples. On Doppelgänger and The Power samples of Star Wars can be heard. One contains samples from Born on the Fourth of July and Disclipes of Disclipine contains samples from Omen III: The Final Conflict.

I (Cursed album)

I'' (One'' on the reissued album sleeve) is the debut album by Canadian hardcore punk band Cursed, released on February 25, 2003 via Deathwish, Inc.. It was recorded at Chemical Sound in Toronto ON from October 19 to October 23, 2002. It received moderate critical acclaim. The album was reissued on vinyl by Trash Art! in 2007.

I (Nightingale album)

I is the third full-length studio album by the Swedish progressive/ AOR metal/ rock band Nightingale. The album is a prequel to The Breathing Shadow story from the first two albums. With this album release, Nightingale solidifies its dark, 1970s progressive hard rock style.


Ȋ or ȋ is a letter of the Latin script formed by the addition of an inverted breve accent above the Latin letter I.

Category:Latin script

I (A.R. Kane album)

i is a 1989 album by A.R. Kane.

The Allmusic review by Jason Ankeny awarded the album 4.5 stars stating "Breathtaking in its scope and positively epic in its ambitions, the album is loosely organized into four sonic suites containing four tracks each, broken up by a series of wild-card noise interludes; the music shifts and mutates constantly, growing progressively deeper and darker with each passing song. Largely overlooked upon its original release, i is still an underappreciated masterpiece, but it's inconceivable to imagine that electronica and post-rock could ever have blossomed without it."

I (Xerath album)

The debut album was released through Candlelight Records in May 2009. It was mixed and mastered by Brett-Caldas Lima at Tower Studios. The iconic artwork was by Colin Marks of Rainsong Design.

The video for "False History" received heavy rotation in the UK on rock music channel Scuzz.

I (Who Have Nothing)

"I (Who Have Nothing)" (sometimes billed as "I Who Have Nothing") is a song originally released in English by Ben E. King in 1963.

"I (Who Have Nothing)" is a cover of Italian song "Uno Dei Tanti" (English: "One of Many"), with music by Carlo Donida and lyrics by Giulio "Mogol" Rapetti. "Uno Dei Tanti" was released by Joe Sentieri in 1961. The English lyrics for "I (Who Have Nothing)" were written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, who also produced the Ben E. King record using the backing track from Joe Sentieri's record (orchestra conducted by Luis Enriquez Bacalov).

The song was included in the musical revue Smokey Joe's Cafe.

I (newspaper)

The i is a British newspaper owned and published by Johnston Press, which also publishes the Yorkshire Post and The Scotsman. It is aimed at "readers and lapsed readers" of all ages and commuters with limited time, and was launched on 26 October 2010, costing 20 pence. The i was named National Newspaper of the Year in 2015.

The i used to be part of the group that published The Independent (with which it shared some content) and Independent on Sunday, owned by Evgeny Lebedev, who has other media assets including the Evening Standard and local TV station London LIve.

In March 2014 it had an average daily circulation of 292,801, significantly more than The Independent but a drop of nearly 10,000 compared to the same month the previous year which was 302,757.

Starting on 7 May 2011 a Saturday edition was published, with more pages and at the price of 30p. This increased to 40p in January 2014, with the weekday edition rising to 30p. In 2015 the price was raised to 50p, with the weekday edition rising to 40p.

On 11 February 2016 it was revealed that regional publisher Johnston Press, owners of the Yorkshire Post and The Scotsman, were in the advanced stages of talks to buy the i for around £24 million. A "significant number" of staff have joined the team from The Independent. The new editorial team was announced in April 2016.

I (film)

I (also known as ''Shankar's I '') is a 2015 Indian Tamil-language romantic thriller film written and directed by Shankar and co-written by Subha. Produced and distributed by V. Ravichandran under his production company, Aascar Films, the film features Vikram and Amy Jackson in lead roles while Suresh Gopi, Upen Patel, Santhanam and Ramkumar Ganesan portray pivotal roles. The soundtrack and film score were composed by A. R. Rahman. Production design was handled by T. Muthuraj. P. C. Sreeram was the film's cinematographer and editing was done by Anthony.

The visual effects were designed by V. Srinivas Mohan through Rising Sun Pictures. Weta Workshop had worked on the digital and prosthetic make-up and background arts for the film. Principal photography commenced on 15 July 2012. The filming lasted for two years and eight months, during which shooting was done extensively in China. Further schedules were filmed in locations in Chennai, Bangkok, Jodhpur, Kodaikanal, Pollachi, Bangalore and Mysore. The film was dubbed and released in Telugu and Hindi along with the Tamil version.

The film, released on 14 January 2015, tells the story of a body builder turned supermodel, played by Vikram, who after being deformed, exacts revenge upon those who were responsible for his predicament. The film received mixed to positive reviews from critics, who praised Vikram's performance, the technical aspects of the film - especially the costume design and makeup, and A.R. Rahman's soundtrack and score but criticised the 'wafer-thin' writing and screenplay and the film's excessive length (188 minutes). However, the film was a commercial success, grossing worldwide, becoming the third-highest grossing Tamil film and Vikram's highest-grossing film at the time. Vikram won the Filmfare Award for Best Actor – Tamil for the movie.

I (Ikimono-gakari album)

I is the sixth studio album by Ikimono-gakari, released in Japan on July 24, 2013. It reached number one in the Oricon weekly charts for the week ending August 5 of that year making it the group's sixth consecutive number-one album. Consequently, Ikimono-gakari became the first mixed group in over seventeen years to achieve six consecutive number one albums on the Oricon weekly chart.

I (Taproot song)

"I" is the second and final single from Taproot's album Gift. The song is one of the most melodic tracks from the album. "I" was the most successful single from the album, charting at no. 34 on the Mainstream Rock Chart.

I (Portuguese newspaper)

i (abbreviation for “informação” meaning information in English) is a Portuguese language compact daily newspaper published in Lisbon, Portugal.

I (Taeyeon EP)

I is the debut extended play by South Korean singer Kim Tae-yeon, released on October 7, 2015 by S.M. Entertainment. The EP was recorded at S.M. Studios in Seoul, South Korea and was produced by Lee Soo-man.

I (Sahg album)

I (also called Sahg I or Sahg 1 ) is the debut album by the Norwegian hard rock band Sahg, released on March 1st, 2006, under the Swedish record label Regain Records.

The artwork for the album was created single-handedly by the band members, and the video for "Godless Faith" was shot in October the same year, and was directed by Tommy Naess.

Sahg I entered the Norwegian charts at no. 31, and garnered some rave reviews across Europe.

I (Jaejoong EP)

I is the first solo mini-album of South Korean singer Kim Jaejoong, a member of pop group JYJ. The EP was released on 17 January 2013 and is composed of rock songs, two of which were composed by Kim Ba-da from the rock band Sinawe. One of the songs, "나만의 위로" (Healing for Myself), was a soundtrack from the film Code Name: Jackal, which starred Jaejoong and Song Ji-hyo. The album was an immediate commercial success, with all 120,000 initial copies of the album selling out within two weeks. An additional 20,000 copies manufactured to cope with the high demand were similarly sold out. A repackaged edition titled Y, which includes two new tracks and two instrumental tracks, was released on 26 February 2013 and experienced similar success, with all 50,000 initial pressings of the album selling out within 24 hours of sale.

I (cuneiform)

The cuneiformi sign is a common use vowel sign. It can be found in many languages, examples being the Akkadian language of the Epic of Gilgamesh (hundreds of years, parts of millenniums) and the mid 14th-century BC Amarna letters; also the Hittite language-(see table of Hittite cuneiform signs below).

In the Epic of Gilgamesh it also has a minor usage as a sumerogram, I. The usage numbers from the Epic are as follows: i-(698), I-(1).

As i and one of the four vowels in Akkadian (there is no "o"), scribes can easily use one sign (a vowel, or a syllable with a vowel) to substitute one vowel for another. In the Amarna letters, the segue adverb "now", or "now, at this time", Akkadian language 'enūma', is seldom spelled with the 'e'; instead its spellings are typically: anūma, inūma, and sometimes enūma. In both the Amarna letters and the Epic of Gilgamesh another common use of the "i" sign is for the preposition, Akkadian language ina, spelled i- na, for in, into, for, etc.. (There is an alternate cuneiform sign for ina (cuneiform), a sub-variety use of aš (cuneiform), the single, horizontal stroke.)

I (soundtrack)

I is the soundtrack album to the 2015 Indian romantic thriller film of the same name written and directed by S. Shankar. A. R. Rahman had composed the original songs and background score for the film. The album consists of seven tracks, which include a remix and a reprise.

Recording of the songs began in 2012 and was completed by 2014. Songs in the film vary in genre like EDM, bhangra, opera, urban. The original and Hindi version of the soundtrack has youth oriented voices. The original version of the album was released on 9 September 2014.

The audio was launched at a grand function with Arnold Schwarzenegger as the Chief Guest. The Hindi version of the album was released at a promotional event held in PVR, Mumbai on 29 December 2014. The Telugu version of the album was released digitally a day later.

The soundtrack as well as the score received a very positive critical reception and it was declared one of the top twenty best selling albums of 2014 by iTunes India. At the 2016 Filmfare Awards, A. R. Rahman won the Filmfare Award for Best Music Director whereas lyricist Madhan Karky won Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist for his lyrics to the song " Pookkalae Sattru Oyivedungal". Shreya Ghoshal was nominated for the same track under Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer. Lyricist Kabilan was nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist for the track "Ennodu Nee Irundhaal". However, Sid Sriram won the Filmfare Award for Best Male Playback Singer for the song.

I (hangul)

is one of the Korean hangul. The Unicode for ㅣ is U+3163.


<! -is the 3rd vowel in Bengali alphabet.

I (Kendrick Lamar song)

"i" is a song by American rapper Kendrick Lamar. It was released on September 23, 2014 as the lead single from Lamar's third studio album To Pimp a Butterfly. The song utilizes music from " That Lady", written by and originally performed by R&B group The Isley Brothers, elements from which were re-recorded rather than being directly sampled from the original record. "i" won two awards at the 2015 Grammy Awards: Best Rap Performance and Best Rap Song.

I (Taeyeon song)

"I" is a Korean song recorded by South Korean singer Kim Tae-yeon (better known by her mononym Taeyeon) featuring Verbal Jint, taken from Taeyeon's debut EP of the same name. It was written by herself, Mafly, and Verbal Jint, and produced by Myah Marie Langston, Bennett Armstrong, Justin T. Armstrong, Cosmopolitan Douglas, David Quinones, Jon Asher, and Ryan S. Jhun. It was released digitally on October 7, 2015 in conjunction with the release of the EP, and was released on Korean Broadcasting System's "K-Pop Connection" radio on October 9.

Musically, "I" is a pop rock song that, according to Jeff Benjamin from Billboard magazine, bears resemblance to songs by American singer Taylor Swift. Upon its release, "I" received generally favorable reviews from music critics, who praised its musical styles and Taeyeon's vocals. The single peaked atop the South Korean Gaon Digital Chart and has since sold over 1.46 million digital copies. To promote the song and the EP, Taeyeon made several appearances on music programs including Inkigayo, Music Bank, and M Countdown.

Usage examples of "i".

Here was my wife, who had secretly aided and abetted her son in his design, and been the recipient of his hopes and fears on the subject, turning to me, who had dared to utter a feeble protest or two only to be scoffed at, and summarily sat upon, asking if the game was really safe.

But I have bethought me, that, since I am growing old and past the age of getting children, one of you, my sons, must abide at home to cherish me and your mother, and to lead our carles in war if trouble falleth upon us.

I been content to abide till eld came upon me, but my lord would not have it so, but longed for greater things for me.

End, I will lead you over this green plain, and then go back home to mine hermitage, and abide there till ye come to me, or I die.

Moreover, thou sayest it that the champions of the Dry Tree, who would think but little of an earl for a leader, are eager to follow me: and if thou still doubt what this may mean, abide, till in two days or three thou see me before the foeman.

I made for thee, and one also for me, while I was abiding thee after the battle, and my love and my hope is woven into it.

I have no ability to do that, not even with you enhancing his emotions for me.

Eminences and of all faithful Christians this vehement suspicion justly conceived against me, I abjure with a sincere heart and unfeigned faith, I curse and detest the said errors and heresies, and generally all and every error and sect contrary to the Holy Catholic Church.

I just sat back on my heels and let her tongue lash over me, until at last it dawned on me that the old abo must have gone running to her and she thought we were responsible for scaring him out of what wits he had.

Once was I taken of the foemen in the town where I abode when my lord was away from me, and a huge slaughter of innocent folk was made, and I was cast into prison and chains, after I had seen my son that I had borne to my lord slain before mine eyes.

As I grew older, I realised it was Aboriginal music, like some black fellas were having a corroboree just for me.

There were a few lightly coloured Aboriginal boys left and they kept an eye on me.

After all, I needed to know at what point it was unsafe for me, the host, to abort the caller.

The door hinged smoothly shut behind me, muffling the music, and a body thudded against the frosted glass ahead with an abruptness that made me twitch.

Daddy caught my grandfather abusing me, and Grandpapa killed him to keep him quiet.