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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
an autonomous region/state/republic etc
▪ Galicia is an autonomous region of Spain.
banana republic
▪ Congress delegates from South Ossetia and from the autonomous republic of Abkhazia boycotted the voting.
▪ Tuva, under the Soviet system, was always an autonomous republic.
▪ The Crimea had been an autonomous republic from 1921 to 1945.
▪ Each autonomous republic is represented by eleven deputies in the Soviet of Nationalities of the Supreme Soviet.
▪ Gorbachev, Yanayev and the presidents of the autonomous republics were also members of the Federation Council.
▪ Feb. 23-Chechen nationalists plan to hold mass demonstrations in Grozny, capital of the breakaway republic.
▪ The Treaty defined the demarcation of powers between the federation and the constituent republics as a component element of the new Constitution.
▪ It was not a Yugoslav constituent nation, nor a constituent republic.
▪ May 15, 1920 Democratic republic is declared by Constituent Assembly.
▪ It is one conceived out of compromise and concession indispensable to the establishment of our federal republic.
▪ The independent republics do not, for the most part, have firmly established systems of parties competing for office.
▪ Leaders of the independent republic, therefore, turned to foreign nations for loans to cover the expenses of government.
▪ In the South the church accepts the status of the independent republic and is loyal to it.
▪ We have nothing to fear, whatever the number of independent republics.
▪ The area to be distributed was to be set by individual republics.
▪ It was made clear that the treaty did not infringe the rights and sovereignty of individual Soviet republics.
▪ The overall results within individual republics disguised considerable regional variations.
▪ Little detail was available on the needs of individual republics, and there appeared to be little co-ordination in the demands.
▪ The first part would ask voters whether they wanted a new republic or a return to the Third Republic.
▪ Bush recognized and established relations with the new republics on December 25, 1991.
▪ A transitional period to establish the new republic would last until March 1994.
▪ Instead he gave the Constitution and later the new republic the benefit of his penetrating mind and brilliant ability.
▪ Indeed, many Czech Roma were denied citizenship of the new republic under the 1993 Citizenship Law.
▪ Berlusconi, who is on trial for bribery, betrayed those who voted for a new republic.
▪ We have to judge whether recognition of two republics now would increase the very real danger of civil war in other republics.
▪ The same is true of the other republics.
▪ The demoralisation generated by the occupation was taken full advantage of by the Communists to establish a socialist republic.
▪ The former Soviet republics are still trying to sort out the relative powers of executive and assembly.
▪ It was made clear that the treaty did not infringe the rights and sovereignty of individual Soviet republics.
▪ Active follow-up with the former Soviet republics is now well in hand.
▪ The Kremlin has told four Soviet republics to drop controversial new laws on elections.
▪ This is proof of the erosive effects of past inflation rate which climbed to banana republic levels in the 1970s.
▪ The Agency had huge collections of intelligence on banana republics and their leaders.
▪ The guy has more titles than the leader of a banana republic.
▪ The Foreign Ministers agreed to recognise Yugoslav republics who meet certain conditions.
▪ Those Yugoslav republics which want independence will get it, but recognition now would not stop the fighting.
▪ The formula was part of peace talks in London aimed at ending the misery in the former Yugoslav republic.
▪ The position of all minorities in all the former Yugoslav republics is deteriorating.
▪ It became a republic for a second time in 1968 and a full member of the Commonwealth in 1985.
▪ After this Rome became a republic which steadily expanded and absorbed the adjacent peoples and countryside.
▪ In Chechnya he quickly gained political popularity, was elected president and declared his republic an independent nation in 1991.
▪ The demoralisation generated by the occupation was taken full advantage of by the Communists to establish a socialist republic.
▪ A transitional period to establish the new republic would last until March 1994.
▪ Moldavia, a republic of more than 4 million people, borders Romania.
▪ the French Republic
▪ the People's Republic of China
▪ A Bible translator in one of the Andean republics recounted the following story to the author.
▪ A working group, with representatives of all the republics concerned, was established to prepare a first draft.
▪ It is one conceived out of compromise and concession indispensable to the establishment of our federal republic.
▪ So might the decision to let the republics go it alone on economic reform.
▪ The elitist republic has evolved into an inclusive democracy.
▪ The Kazakh-brokered agreement had called for a ceasefire along the border between the two former Soviet republics.
▪ Tuva, under the Soviet system, was always an autonomous republic.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Republic \Re*pub"lic\ (r?-p?b"l?k), n. [F. r['e]publique, L. respublica commonwealth; res a thing, an affair + publicus, publica, public. See Real, a., and Public.]

  1. Common weal. [Obs.]
    --B. Jonson.

  2. A state in which the sovereign power resides in the whole body of the people, and is exercised by representatives elected by them; a commonwealth. Cf. Democracy, 2.

    Note: In some ancient states called republics the sovereign power was exercised by an hereditary aristocracy or a privileged few, constituting a government now distinctively called an aristocracy. In some there was a division of authority between an aristocracy and the whole body of the people except slaves. No existing republic recognizes an exclusive privilege of any class to govern, or tolerates the institution of slavery.

    Republic of letters, The collective body of literary or learned men.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1600, "state in which supreme power rests in the people via elected representatives," from Middle French république (15c.), from Latin respublica (ablative republica) "the common weal, a commonwealth, state, republic," literally res publica "public interest, the state," from res "affair, matter, thing" + publica, fem. of publicus "public" (see public (adj.)). Republic of letters attested from 1702.


n. 1 A state where sovereignty rests with the people or their representatives, rather than with a monarch or emperor; a country with no monarchy. 2 (lb en archaic) A state, which may or may not be a monarchy, in which the executive and legislative branch of government are separate. 3 One of the subdivisions constituting Russia. See oblast.

  1. n. a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them [syn: democracy, commonwealth] [ant: autocracy]

  2. a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch; "the head of state in a republic is usually a president"

Republic, MO -- U.S. city in Missouri
Population (2000): 8438
Housing Units (2000): 3298
Land area (2000): 5.595163 sq. miles (14.491405 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 5.595163 sq. miles (14.491405 sq. km)
FIPS code: 61238
Located within: Missouri (MO), FIPS 29
Location: 37.121652 N, 93.471440 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 65738
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Republic, MO
Republic, OH -- U.S. village in Ohio
Population (2000): 614
Housing Units (2000): 237
Land area (2000): 0.863039 sq. miles (2.235260 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.863039 sq. miles (2.235260 sq. km)
FIPS code: 66320
Located within: Ohio (OH), FIPS 39
Location: 41.121793 N, 83.017478 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 44867
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Republic, OH
Republic, PA -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Pennsylvania
Population (2000): 1396
Housing Units (2000): 714
Land area (2000): 0.739644 sq. miles (1.915668 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.739644 sq. miles (1.915668 sq. km)
FIPS code: 64224
Located within: Pennsylvania (PA), FIPS 42
Location: 39.965531 N, 79.878064 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 15475
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Republic, PA
Republic, KS -- U.S. city in Kansas
Population (2000): 161
Housing Units (2000): 108
Land area (2000): 0.261363 sq. miles (0.676927 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.261363 sq. miles (0.676927 sq. km)
FIPS code: 59000
Located within: Kansas (KS), FIPS 20
Location: 39.923636 N, 97.822412 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 66964
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Republic, KS
Republic, MI -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Michigan
Population (2000): 614
Housing Units (2000): 356
Land area (2000): 3.609384 sq. miles (9.348262 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.296779 sq. miles (0.768655 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 3.906163 sq. miles (10.116917 sq. km)
FIPS code: 67980
Located within: Michigan (MI), FIPS 26
Location: 46.381067 N, 87.982893 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 49879
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Republic, MI
Republic, WA -- U.S. city in Washington
Population (2000): 954
Housing Units (2000): 500
Land area (2000): 1.582231 sq. miles (4.097960 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.007517 sq. miles (0.019469 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.589748 sq. miles (4.117429 sq. km)
FIPS code: 57850
Located within: Washington (WA), FIPS 53
Location: 48.648159 N, 118.734947 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 99166
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Republic, WA
Republic -- U.S. County in Kansas
Population (2000): 5835
Housing Units (2000): 3113
Land area (2000): 716.383120 sq. miles (1855.423684 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 3.929816 sq. miles (10.178177 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 720.312936 sq. miles (1865.601861 sq. km)
Located within: Kansas (KS), FIPS 20
Location: 39.823297 N, 97.647948 W
Republic, KS
Republic County
Republic County, KS
Republic (disambiguation)

A republic is a type of government where the citizens choose the leaders of their country.

Republic or The Republic may also refer to:

Republic (Belarus)

Republic (Respublika) is a parliamentary group in Belarus which opposes the administration of President Alexander Lukashenko. In legislative elections held between October 13–17, 2004, the group did not secure any seats.

Category:Political parties in Belarus


A republic (from ) is a sovereign state or country which is organized with a form of government in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law. In modern times, the definition of a republic is commonly limited to a government which excludes a monarch. Currently, 147 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names; not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor do all nations with elected governments use the word "republic" in their names.

Both modern and ancient republics vary widely in their ideology and composition. In the classical and medieval period of Europe, many states were fashioned on the Roman Republic, which referred to the governance of the city of Rome, between it having kings and emperors. The Italian medieval and Renaissance political tradition, today referred to as " civic humanism", is sometimes considered to derive directly from Roman republicans such as Sallust and Tacitus. However, Greek-influenced Roman authors, such as Polybius and Cicero, sometimes also used the term as a translation for the Greek politeia which could mean regime generally, but could also be applied to certain specific types of regime which did not exactly correspond to that of the Roman Republic. Republics were not equated with classical democracies such as Athens, but had a democratic aspect.

Republics became more common in the Western world starting in the late 18th century, eventually displacing absolute monarchy as the most common form of government in Europe. In modern republics the executive is legitimized both by a constitution and by popular suffrage. Montesquieu included in his work " The Spirit of the Laws" both democracies, where all the people have a share in rule, and aristocracies or oligarchies, where only some of the people rule, as republican forms of government.

Most often a republic is a single sovereign state, but there are also sub-sovereign state entities that are referred to as republics, or which have governments that are described as 'republican' in nature. For instance, Article IV of the United States Constitution "guarantee[s] to every State in this Union a Republican form of Government". In contrast, the Soviet Union was constitutionally described as a "federal multinational state", composed of 15 republics, two of which – Ukraine and Belarus – had their own seats at the United Nations.

Republic (album)

Republic is the sixth studio album by the English rock band New Order. Released in 1993 by London Records, it is their first album released after the demise of Factory Records, and their last for eight years.

The album reached number one in the UK, their last album to do so. It also received a Mercury Music Prize nomination. The album's lead single, " Regret", is also New Order's last top-five hit in their home country. It was produced and co-written by Stephen Hague, who had produced several non-album singles with them already.

The band went on hiatus following a gig at the Reading Festival promoting the album in August 1993. Lead vocalist Bernard Sumner is known to not like travelling to North America, and media reports suggest that the pressure of the long leg there contributed to the band's temporary demise. The band reunited in 1998.

Republic (Faroe Islands)

Republic (, formerly known as the Republican Party) is a left-wing political party in the Faroe Islands committed to Faroese independence. It was founded in 1948 as a reaction to independence not being proclaimed after a public vote on the matter showed a significant plurality (almost a majority) for it in 1946.

In 1998 Høgni Hoydal succeeded Heini O. Heinesen as party leader.

At the legislative elections, held on 20 January 2004, the party won 21.7% of the popular vote and 8 out of 33 seats. However, after the passing of an amendment adding the phrase 'sexual orientation' to paragraph 266b of the Anti-Discrimination Act, MP Karsten Hansen announced that he was leaving the party owing to a difference in opinion. He later joined the Centre Party.

At the elections on 19 January 2008, the party won 23.3% of the vote and 8 out of 33 seats.

In 2007, the party changed its name from Tjóðveldisflokkurin to simply Tjóðveldi (i.e., from "the Republican Party" to just "Republic").

In the Danish parliamentary elections of 2007, the party received 25.4% of the Faroese vote, thereby retaining one of the two Faroese seats in the Danish national Folketing. In the 2011 election, however, its votes declined and it lost its seat to the Social Democrats. It regained its seat in the 2015 election.

Republic (Transnistria)

Republic (, , ) is a political party in Transnistria. Although formerly the majority party in parliament, at the legislative elections of 11 December 2005 the party won 13 of the 43 seats and found itself in the minority for the first time since the founding of the country on September 2, 1990. In the 2010 elections, Republic won 16 seats. The party is affiliated with former President Igor Smirnov.

Republic (retailer)

Republic was a clothing retailer with 121 stores in the United Kingdom. In February 2013, it entered administration, and was purchased by Sports Direct. Republic was merged into Sports Direct's USC brand.

Republic (Plato)

The Republic (, Politeia; Latin: De Re Publica) is a Socratic dialogue, written by Plato around 380 BC, concerning the definition of justice ( δικαιοσύνη), the order and character of the just city-state and the just man—for this reason, ancient readers used the name On Justice as an alternative title (not to be confused with the spurious dialogue also titled On Justice). The dramatic date of the dialogue has been much debated and though it might have taken place some time during the Peloponnesian War, "there would be jarring anachronisms if any of the candidate specific dates between 432 and 404 were assigned". Plato's best-known work, it has proven to be one of the world's most influential works of philosophy and political theory, both intellectually and historically. In it, Socrates along with various Athenians and foreigners discuss the meaning of justice and examine whether or not the just man is happier than the unjust man by considering a series of different cities coming into existence "in speech", culminating in a city called Kallipolis (Καλλίπολις), which is ruled by philosopher-kings; and by examining the nature of existing regimes. The participants also discuss the theory of forms, the immortality of the soul, and the roles of the philosopher and of poetry in society.

Republic (Armenia)

Republic ( Armenian: Հանրապետություն Hanrapetutyun) is an opposition political party in Armenia. The party founded by the ex-members of Republican Party of Armenia and members of " Yerkrapah" Volunteer union- Aram Sargsyan, Albert Bazeyan, Vagharshak Harutyunyan, Ara Ketikyan and others, in April, 2001.

At the Parliamentary elections of 25 May, 2003, the party won 1 out of 131 seats. In the 2007 Armenian parliamentary elections it didn't win any seat with a popular vote of 1.65%.

Category:Political parties established in 2001 Category:Political parties in Armenia Category:2001 establishments in Armenia

Republic (political organisation)

Republic is a British republican pressure group advocating the replacement of the United Kingdom's monarchy with an elected head of state.

It is a member organisation of Common Cause and the Alliance of European Republican Movements and is currently the only organisation solely campaigning for a republican constitution for Britain.

Republic states that its mission is: "To achieve the abolition of the British monarchy in favour of a democratic republic."

Arthur Haynes is current Executive Chair and Graham Smith is the current Chief Executive Officer of Republic.

Republic (band)

Republic is a Hungarian rock band formed in Budapest in 1990. Their style is a unique mix of Western rock music and traditional Hungarian folk music. The band is popular in its native country and among Hungarian speaking minorities in other parts of the world.

Republic (LIRR station)

Republic was a station stop along the Ronkonkoma Branch which served employees of the Fairchild Engine & Airplane Manufacturing Company and the nearby Republic Airport from 1940 to the late 1980s. As part of a double-tracking project on the line, the station may be reopened.

Usage examples of "republic".

The accomplished citizens of the Greek and Roman republics, whose characters could adapt themselves to the bar, the senate, the camp, or the schools, had learned to write, to speak, and to act with the same spirit, and with equal abilities.

I dined that day with Major Pelodoro and several other officers, who agreed in advising me to enter the service of the Republic, and I resolved to do so.

The pride of Corinth, again rising from her ruins with the honors of a Roman colony, exacted a tribute from the adjacent republics, for the purpose of defraying the games of the Isthmus, which were celebrated in the amphitheatre with the hunting of bears and panthers.

Roman consul asserting the majesty of the republic, and declaring his inflexible resolution to enforce the rigor of the laws.

Muslim minority, as symbolized by the highly controversial decision in 2003 to ban Muslim girls from wearing headscarves in schools, on the principle of the role of the state education system in preserving the secular and assimilatory values of the republic.

The wisest senators applauded his magnanimity: but they diverted him from the execution of a design which would have dissolved the strength and resources of the republic.

Julian, would have applauded an act of justice, which asserted the dignity of the supreme magistrate of the republic.

Director Paul Barras was considered the most powerful of the five, and hence the most politically powerful man in the French Republic.

Polish Post Office -- that cannot be -- then for the Post Office of the Federal Republic, and that, nearsighted but bespectacled, he is once more delivering happiness in the form of multicolored banknotes and hard coins.

Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah has ended and the republic that blah blah blah.

An ambassador was sent to London with representations of the imminent dangers which threatened the republic, and he was ordered to solicit in the most pressing terms the assistance of his Britannic majesty, that the allies might have a superiority in the Netherlands by the beginning of the campaign.

Republic, upon the ruins of the predatory monarchy of their exploiting and land-monopolizing rulers.

But immediately the young Republic emerged from the stresses of adolescence, a missionary army took to the field again, and before long the Asbury revival was paling that of Whitefield, Wesley and Jonathan Edwards, not only in its hortatory violence but also in the length of its lists of slain.

But, what to the future of the great Republic is more important, there is great danger of our people under-estimating the bitter animus and terrible malignity to the Union and its defenders cherished by those who made war upon it.

The Directory wished to have the latter boundary, and to add Mantua to the Italian Republic, without giving up all the line of the Adige and Venice.