Crossword clues for reason
- Why's answer
- Good sense
- "The natural organ of truth": C. S. Lewis
- An explanation of the cause of some phenomenon
- The capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination
- The state of having good sense and sound judgment
- A justification for something existing or happening
- A fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion
- A rational motive for a belief or action
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Reason \Rea"son\ (r[=e]"z'n), n. [OE. resoun, F. raison, fr. L. ratio (akin to Goth. ra[thorn]j[=o] number, account, gara[thorn]jan to count, G. rede speech, reden to speak), fr. reri, ratus, to reckon, believe, think. Cf. Arraign, Rate, Ratio, Ration.]
A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or less decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument.
I'll give him reasons for it.
The reason of the motion of the balance in a wheel watch is by the motion of the next wheel.
--Sir M. Hale.
This reason did the ancient fathers render, why the church was called ``catholic.''
Virtue and vice are not arbitrary things; but there is a natural and eternal reason for that goodness and virtue, and against vice and wickedness.
The faculty or capacity of the human mind by which it is distinguished from the intelligence of the inferior animals; the higher as distinguished from the lower cognitive faculties, sense, imagination, and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires. Reason comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional faculty. Specifically, it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty of first truths, as distinguished from the understanding, which is called the discursive or ratiocinative faculty.
We have no other faculties of perceiving or knowing anything divine or human, but by our five senses and our reason.
In common and popular discourse, reason denotes that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong, and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends.
Reason is used sometimes to express the whole of those powers which elevate man above the brutes, and constitute his rational nature, more especially, perhaps, his intellectual powers; sometimes to express the power of deduction or argumentation.
By the pure reason I mean the power by which we become possessed of principles.
The sense perceives; the understanding, in its own peculiar operation, conceives; the reason, or rationalized understanding, comprehends.
Due exercise of the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that which is accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised; right intellectual judgment; clear and fair deductions from true principles; that which is dictated or supported by the common sense of mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice.
I was promised, on a time, To have reason for my rhyme.
But law in a free nation hath been ever public reason; the enacted reason of a parliament, which he denying to enact, denies to govern us by that which ought to be our law; interposing his own private reason, which to us is no law.
The most probable way of bringing France to reason would be by the making an attempt on the Spanish West Indies.
(Math.) Ratio; proportion. [Obs.]
By reason of, by means of; on account of; because of. ``Spain is thin sown of people, partly by reason of the sterility of the soil.''
In all reason, in justice; with rational ground; in a right view.
When anything is proved by as good arguments as a thing of that kind is capable of, we ought not, in reason, to doubt of its existence.
It is reason, it is reasonable; it is right. [Obs.]
Yet it were great reason, that those that have children should have greatest care of future times.
Syn: Motive; argument; ground; consideration; principle; sake; account; object; purpose; design. See Motive, Sense.
Reason \Rea"son\, v. t.
To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss; as, I reasoned the matter with my friend.
When they are clearly discovered, well digested, and well reasoned in every part, there is beauty in such a theory.
To support with reasons, as a request. [R.]
To persuade by reasoning or argument; as, to reason one into a belief; to reason one out of his plan.
Men that will not be reasoned into their senses.
To overcome or conquer by adducing reasons; -- with down; as, to reason down a passion.
To find by logical processes; to explain or justify by reason or argument; -- usually with out; as, to reason out the causes of the librations of the moon.
Reason \Rea"son\ (r[=e]"z'n), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Reasoned (r[=e]"z'nd); p. pr. & vb. n. Reasoning.] [Cf. F. raisonner. See Reason, n.]
To exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts.
Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and the inferences from them; to argue.
Stand still, that I may reason with you, before the Lord, of all the righteous acts of the Lord.
--1 Sam. xii. 7.
To converse; to compare opinions.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
early 14c., resunmen, "to question (someone)," also "to challenge," from Old French raisoner "speak, discuss; argue; address; speak to," from Late Latin rationare "to discourse," from ratio (see reason (n.)). Intransitive sense of "to think in a logical manner" is from 1590s; transitive sense of "employ reasoning (with someone)" is from 1847. Related: Reasoned; reasoning.
c.1200, "intellectual faculty that adopts actions to ends," also "statement in an argument, statement of explanation or justification," from Anglo-French resoun, Old French raison "course; matter; subject; language, speech; thought, opinion," from Latin rationem (nominative ratio) "reckoning, understanding, motive, cause," from ratus, past participle of reri "to reckon, think," from PIE root *re(i)- "to reason, count" (source of Old English rædan "to advise;" see read (v.)).\n
\nMeaning "sanity; degree of intelligence that distinguishes men from brutes" is recorded from late 13c. Sense of "grounds for action, motive, cause of an event" is from c.1300. Middle English sense of "meaning, signification" (early 14c.) is in the phrase rhyme or reason. Phrase it stands to reason is from 1630s. Age of Reason "the Enlightenment" is first recorded 1794, as the title of Tom Paine's book.
n. 1 A cause: 2 # That which causes something: an efficient cause, a proximate cause. 3 # A motive for an action or a determination. 4 # An excuse: a thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation. 5 (label en uncountable) rational thinking (or the capacity for it; the cognitive faculty, collectively, of conception, judgment, deduction and intuition. vb. 1 (context intransitive English) To exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts. 2 (context intransitive English) Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and the inferences from them; to argue. 3 (context intransitive English) To converse; to compare opinions. 4 (context transitive English) To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss. 5 (context transitive rare English) To support with reasons, as a request. 6 (context transitive English) To persuade by reasoning or argument. 7 (context transitive with ''down'' English) To overcome or conquer by adduce reasons. 8 (context transitive usually with ''out'' English) To find by logical process; to explain or justify by reason or argument.
n. a rational motive for a belief or action; "the reason that war was declared"; "the grounds for their declaration" [syn: ground]
an explanation of the cause of some phenomenon; "the reason a steady state was never reached was that the back pressure built up too slowly"
a fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion; "there is reason to believe he is lying"
Reason is a digital audio workstation for creating and editing music and audio developed by Swedish software developers Propellerhead Software. It emulates a rack of hardware synthesizers, samplers, signal processors, sequencers, and mixers, all of which can be freely interconnected in an arbitrary manner. Reason can be used either as a complete virtual music studio or as a set of virtual instruments to be used with other sequencing software in a fashion that mimics live performance.
Reason is an American libertarian monthly magazine published by the Reason Foundation. The magazine has a circulation of around 50,000 and was named one of the 50 best magazines in 2003 and 2004 by the Chicago Tribune.
Reason is the analytic faculty of the human mind that maintains objectivity unto inspecting and organizing perceptions.
Reason may also refer to:
- Rationality, the quality or state of being reasonable, based on facts or reason
- Reason (argument), a factor which justifies or explains
Reason is the second album by English singer-songwriter, Melanie C. It was the follow up album to Northern Star. Released on 10 March 2003, it reached number five in the UK Albums Chart, selling 30,876 copies in its first week. Although not performing as well as Northern Star, Reason has a Gold certification in the United Kingdom, with 101,889 copies sold. The album has sold 500,000 copies worldwide. The album has been released with the Copy Control protection system in some regions. Most reviews for the album were mixed to positive.
Reason is the third album by Officium Triste released in 2004 by Displeased Records.
Reason is the second studio album by the Brazilian heavy metal band Shaaman, first released in 2005. "Innocence" was released as the band's first single.
Reason EP is the second EP from Denver-based rock band the Fray, released in 2003 by an independent record label. In October 2007, the EP was re-released by Epic Records.
"Reason" is a pop song written by Thorsten Brötzmann and Alexander Geringas for the No Angels' debut studio album Elle'ments (2001). Originally entitled "That's the Reason", a Brötzmann and Geringas produced and partially re-written version of the song was released as the band's farewell single on 24 November 2003 (see 2003 in music) before their disbandment in December 2003. While "Reason" peaked at number 9 in Germany, number 12 in Austria and number 28 in Switzerland, the song failed to enter the top 40 of the European charts.
Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, applying logic, establishing and verifying facts, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information. It is closely associated with such characteristically human activities as philosophy, science, language, mathematics, and art and is normally considered to be a definitive characteristic of human nature. Reason, or as aspect of it, is sometimes referred to as rationality. And a distinction is sometimes made between discursive reason, reason proper, and intuitive reason.
Reason or "reasoning" is associated with thinking, cognition, and intellect. Reason, like habit or intuition, is one of the ways by which thinking comes from one idea to a related idea. For example, it is the means by which rational beings understand themselves to think about cause and effect, truth and falsehood, and what is good or bad. It is also closely identified with the ability to self-consciously change beliefs, attitudes, traditions, and institutions, and therefore with the capacity for freedom and self-determination.
In contrast to reason as an abstract noun, a reason is a consideration which explains or justifies some event, phenomenon, or behavior. The field of logic studies ways in which human beings reason through argument.
Psychologists and cognitive scientists have attempted to study and explain how people reason, e.g. which cognitive and neural processes are engaged, and how cultural factors affect the inferences that people draw. The field of automated reasoning studies how reasoning may or may not be modeled computationally. Animal psychology considers the question of whether animals other than humans can reason.
"Reason" is a science fiction short story by Isaac Asimov, first published in the April 1941 issue of Astounding Science Fiction and collected in I, Robot (1950), The Complete Robot (1982), and Robot Visions (1990). It is part of Asimov's Robot series, and was the second of Asimov's positronic robot stories to see publication.
In 1967, this short story was adapted into an episode of British television series Out of the Unknown entitled "The Prophet". The robot costumes that were used in this particular episode of the anthology series were later re-used for the Doctor Who serial The Mind Robber. The costumes were re-painted from black to grey and yellow as they were to be shot against a completely white backdrop for the serial in question.
A reason is a consideration which justifies or explains.
Reasons are what people appeal to when making arguments about what people should do or believe. (Those are reasons in the normative sense.) For example, the fact that a doctor's patient is grimacing is a reason to believe the patient is in pain. The fact that the patient is in pain is a reason for the doctor to do things to alleviate the pain.
In another sense of the term, reasons are explanations of why things happened. (These are reasons in the explanatory sense.) For example, the reason the patient is in pain is that her nerves are sending signals from her tissues to her brain.
A reason, in many cases, is brought up by the question "why?", and answered following the word "because." Additionally, words and phrases like: since, due to, as, considering (that), a result (of), and in order to, for example, all serve as explanatory locutions that precede the reason to which they refer.
"Reason" is the 6th single release from J-Pop artist Nami Tamaki. It was released on 11-10-2004, and ranked #2 on the Oricon charts. It also was used as the ending theme to the anime Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Destiny.
Reason is a compilation of songs by the hardcore punk band Violent Apathy. The songs are from the early days of the band before the release of their album Here Today.
Reason is the second studio album by the Belgian recording artist Selah Sue. Distributed by Warner Music Group, it was released by Because Music on March 26, 2015.
Reason is a song by Belgian recording artist Selah Sue. It was written by Sue, Clément Dumoulin, Birsen Uçar, and Robin Hannibal for her same-titled second studio album (2015), while production was helmed by the latter. Distributed by Warner Music Group, it was released as the album's second single by Because Music on February 16, 2015
Reason is a South Korean single-episode television drama starring Lee Bo-hee and Greena Park. It aired on July 3, 2010 as the 6th episode of Drama Special, a weekly program on KBS2 showing short dramas (usually single episodes), with each episode having a different story, cast, director, and writer.
Usage examples of "reason".
This door, it is true, stands open, as it were, in those who think and will from reason in accord with the civil laws of the land and the moral laws of society, for they speak what they think and do what they will to do.
Yet he does not have the ability to will good in freedom and to do it in accord with reason unless he is regenerated.
But as was just said, it is one thing to act from freedom in accord with reason, and another thing to act from freedom itself and according to reason itself.
Now, since the Lord wills that a man be reformed and regenerated in order that eternal life or the life of heaven may be his, and none can be reformed or regenerated unless good is appropriated to his will and truth to his understanding as if they were his, and only that can be appropriated which is done in freedom of the will and in accord with the reason of the understanding, no one is reformed in states of no freedom or rationality.
When it does, the internal of thought is closed and thereupon man can no longer act in freedom in accord with his reason, nor be reformed.
Here Masonry pauses, and leaves its Initiates to carry out and develop these great Truths in such manner as to each may seem most accordant with reason, philosophy, truth, and his religious faith.
Mary Harris, for example, found her work as a senior accountant absorbing, part of the reason she was one of the most dedicated accounting employees at her firm.
If this reason does not satisfy the reader, I know no other means of accounting for the little respect which I have commonly seen paid to a character which really does great honour to human nature, and is productive of the highest good to society.
There were other reasons to use this accounting idea that nobody was mentioning.
This is the picture some people draw of hormone action in general, and for this reason acetylcholine is sometimes considered an example of a neurohormone that is, a hormone acting on the nerves.
Another reason was, the French inhabitants being very loyal to the crown, of very simple habits, and possessing institutions to which they were attached, it was advisable that means for maintaining those institutions should be reserved to them.
Or can any carnal appetite so overpower your reason, or so totally lay it asleep, as to prevent your flying with affright and terror from a crime which carries such punishment always with it?
Culture had been on the far side of the galaxy from the Affront home planet, and contacts between the Culture and the Affront had been unusually sparse for a long time for a variety of frankly banal reasons.
For this reason, when there was some talk of establishing an agronomic station at Avignon, and of appointing him director, he was at first warmly in favour of the idea.
Some of these responses might occur in an allergic reaction, but not from an overdose, and Jeffrey had reason to believe that Patty Owen had not been allergic to Marcaine.