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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
pop psychology
▪ It is not taken seriously as academic or professional psychology.
▪ First, however, it is necessary to consider the second line of research on creativity pursued in academic psychology.
▪ An even more negative view of such studies has been taken in academic psychology.
▪ Learning Learning has been a major topic within academic psychology for the past century or so.
▪ Day hospital places have also continued to increase, but in many districts clinical psychology services are underresourced.
▪ Keeping the contract Martin Herbert, a professor of clinical psychology, has written an excellent book, Living with Teenagers.
▪ Holzner however describes the cognitive processes of the individual, borrowing both from cognitive psychology and from the phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty.
▪ The research will draw on and integrate current work in artificial intelligence, linguistics, and cognitive psychology.
▪ Associative priming is a well known phenomenon in cognitive psychology.
▪ Because egalitarian feminist psychology wants to adapt conventional psychology, rather than replace it, it has to begin from psychology's self-definition.
▪ And so it starts to uncover the difficulties about psychologists which conventional psychology tries to ignore.
▪ Egalitarian feminism also tries to bring women into psychology's subject matter by criticizing and developing the conventional psychology of women.
▪ But feminist psychology retains conventional psychology's resistance to making sexuality a topic of frequent or serious study.
▪ Nothing in psychology hopes ever to work perfectly. Developmental psychology is probably the liveliest speciality just now.
▪ He became a student of developmental psychology and reading theory.
▪ It aims at amplifying the bare details of physical development and putting these into their context of emotional development and developmental psychology.
▪ Marriage and family; Developmental psychology.
▪ A good place to begin is with the encounter of educational psychology and schooling.
▪ Ethnic and race relations; Educational psychology.
▪ Furthermore, the results will be relevant to educational psychology, socialization process, child rearing and moral development.
▪ Courses in applied areas such as educational psychology are also taught.
▪ The first-year course provides students with an introduction to the main areas of contemporary experimental psychology.
▪ The board approved doctorate degrees in communications and experimental psychology at North Dakota State University.
▪ There are the facilities here, in the experimental psychology faculty.
▪ Rivers played a fundamental role in the establishment of both experimental psychology and social anthropology as academic disciplines in Great Britain.
▪ For example, the experimental style of psychology is very often treated as a precondition of effective theorising.
▪ This departure from the rigid procedures of experimental psychology sets up a radical challenge to the conventional discipline.
▪ In consequence, the sciences of animal behaviour and experimental psychology were founded by men deeply hostile to anthropomorphic explanations.
▪ Professor Gregory is distinguished for his studies in experimental psychology, most notably in visual perception and the nature of visual illusions.
▪ The trouble is, this does not work, because it is untrue to human psychology.
▪ Society is not the product of human psychology, it asserts, but vice versa.
▪ Stevenson was deliberately seeking a plot that would allow him to explore an aspect of human psychology.
▪ Yet human psychology does not work that way.
▪ By the same token, collective beliefs and behaviour can not be explained in terms of individual psychology.
▪ Although Maslow offers us useful insights into individual psychology, his theory is open to a number of criticisms: 1.
▪ Expressed in terms of individual psychology, the danger was one of dissolution of the painfully acquired superego and corresponding regression in the ego.
▪ The division between individual and social psychology seems to disappear.
▪ If modern psychology has done one thing, it has surely made this fact abundantly clear.
▪ Though he was a loyal soldier of the Counter-Reformation, Ignatius anticipated much of modern psychology.
▪ We regard ourselves as being fully conscious then, and modern psychology supports that viewpoint.
▪ But after the Council, the Church had opened itself increasingly to the insights of modern psychology and evolutionary biology.
▪ In this respect it is in agreement with those theorists who claim that social psychology should be an historical discipline.
▪ Sociology was to study social systems, psychology studied personality systems, and anthropology was to concentrate on cultural systems.
▪ An important question to ask about any new movement in social psychology is whether it proposes a universal or particular perspective.
▪ Moscovici's formula that the new social psychology should be both anthropological and historical seems to suggest both possibilities.
▪ One of the areas which the social psychology of envy illuminates best is the modem craze for policies of international aid.
▪ Instead, they are questions about the sort of social vision which social psychology should express.
▪ Thus his social psychology assumes the traditional bourgeois family structure as a norm.
▪ Berger sees a discontinuity between the social psychology of Cooley and Mead and that of Freud.
▪ Its concern with celebrating femininity encourages it to pass over more of traditional psychology's gender biases than egalitarian feminist psychology does.
▪ This convergence with traditional psychology is also expressed in an increasingly psychological approach.
▪ Humanist psychology seems to avoid traditional psychology's obsession with objectivity.
▪ Its address to discourse and the unconscious points to important uncertainties, which traditional psychology largely ignores.
▪ From the perspective of traditional psychology, such psychologists are, even more than egalitarian feminist psychologists, reassuringly marginal.
▪ She was a tall, bespectacled spinster, who was very capable and well understood child psychology.
▪ A professor of child psychology has been invited.
▪ That, however, need not be a tension, according to Colwyn Trevarthen, professor of child psychology at Edinburgh University.
▪ Once it used to be just child psychology but we now know that we develop all the time from womb to tomb.
▪ Such a climate increases the likelihood that egalitarian feminist psychology will be incorporated into the traditional discipline.
▪ Because egalitarian feminist psychology wants to adapt conventional psychology, rather than replace it, it has to begin from psychology's self-definition.
▪ But elements of a more ambivalent, productive, associative approach to signification also exist within feminist psychology.
▪ Unlike the versions of feminist psychology examined before, associative feminist psychologies are rarely deliberately or self-consciously adopted.
▪ Woman-centred methods restrict feminist psychology in other ways.
▪ But my psychology professors seemed not to care at all about minorities.
▪ Gary Wells, a psychology professor at Iowa State University, suggested that posters with composite drawings asked the wrong questions.
▪ Two university psychology professors say they have scientific evidence that southerners are more prone to violence than northerners.
▪ Sociology was to study social systems, psychology studied personality systems, and anthropology was to concentrate on cultural systems.
▪ What had I really learned from studying history and psychology and philosophy and literature?
▪ Anyone who studies psychology must be motivated by a streak of optimism that people have the potential to change.
▪ A couple of years later, Johnson was in college studying psychology when she heard that voice again.
▪ People who study psychology never seem able to apply it to real life.
▪ It has been said that he understood the psychology of an orchestra better than almost any other conductor.
▪ You have to understand a bit of psychology.
▪ Models that do not necessarily follow biological structure may still help us understand fields such as psychology.
▪ Nothing in psychology hopes ever to work perfectly.
▪ A month or so into the semester I visited the Social Science class, which was working its way through psychology.
▪ Even women who try to work as feminists in psychology suffer from the ambiguities of tokenism.
▪ There are few black or ethnic minority women or men working in western psychology.
folk science/psychology/wisdom etc
▪ It was a part of folk wisdom that providing houseroom for a widowed parent could lead to intense family friction.
▪ Like most folk wisdom it is true, I think.
▪ Like much political folk wisdom, this particular belief is of recent origin.
▪ Maxims, proverbs, and other forms of folk wisdom give a person reasons for obeying rules.
▪ Some of the new findings, though, support previously unsubstantiated folk wisdom about alcohol and caffeine.
▪ The folk wisdom led Tory politicians to dismiss opinion poll findings suggesting the opposite.
▪ Voters' trade-off between taxes and services has changed since 1979 - and anyway the folk wisdom was always misleading.
▪ a psychology class
▪ a terrorist's psychology
▪ clinical psychology
▪ But feminist psychology retains conventional psychology's resistance to making sexuality a topic of frequent or serious study.
▪ Developmental psychology is probably the liveliest speciality just now.
▪ For a number of years, he taught religion and psychology at Southern Methodist University in Dallas.
▪ Sociology was to study social systems, psychology studied personality systems, and anthropology was to concentrate on cultural systems.
▪ Unlike the versions of feminist psychology examined before, associative feminist psychologies are rarely deliberately or self-consciously adopted.
▪ What had I really learned from studying history and psychology and philosophy and literature?
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Psychology \Psy*chol"o*gy\, n. pl. Psychologies. [Psycho- + -logy: cf. F. psychologie. See Psychical.] The science of the human soul; specifically, the systematic or scientific knowledge of the powers and functions of the human soul, so far as they are known by consciousness; a treatise on the human soul.

Psychology, the science conversant about the phenomena of the mind, or conscious subject, or self.
--Sir W. Hamilton.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1650s, "study of the soul," from Modern Latin psychologia, probably coined mid-16c. in Germany by Melanchthon from Latinized form of Greek psykhe- "breath, spirit, soul" (see psyche) + logia "study of" (see -logy). Meaning "study of the mind" first recorded 1748, from Christian Wolff's "Psychologia empirica" (1732); main modern behavioral sense is from early 1890s.


n. 1 (context uncountable English) The study of the human mind. 2 (context uncountable English) The study of human behavior. 3 (context uncountable English) The study of animal behavior. 4 (context countable English) The mental, emotional, and behavioral characteristics pertaining to a specified person, group, or activity.


n. the science of mental life [syn: psychological science]


Psychology is the study of behavior and mind, embracing all aspects of conscious and unconscious experience as well as thought. It is an academic discipline and an applied science which seeks to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases. In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the physiological and biological processes that underlie cognitive functions and behaviors.

Psychologists explore concepts such as perception, cognition, attention, emotion, intelligence, phenomenology, motivation, brain functioning, personality, behavior, and interpersonal relationships, including psychological resilience, family resilience, and other areas. Psychologists of diverse orientations also consider the unconscious mind. Psychologists employ empirical methods to infer causal and correlational relationships between psychosocial variables. In addition, or in opposition, to employing empirical and deductive methods, some—especially clinical and counseling psychologists—at times rely upon symbolic interpretation and other inductive techniques. Psychology has been described as a "hub science", with psychological findings linking to research and perspectives from the social sciences, natural sciences, medicine, humanities, and philosophy.

While psychological knowledge is often applied to the assessment and treatment of mental health problems, it is also directed towards understanding and solving problems in several spheres of human activity. By many accounts psychology ultimately aims to benefit society. The majority of psychologists are involved in some kind of therapeutic role, practicing in clinical, counseling, or school settings. Many do scientific research on a wide range of topics related to mental processes and behavior, and typically work in university psychology departments or teach in other academic settings (e.g., medical schools, hospitals). Some are employed in industrial and organizational settings, or in other areas such as human development and aging, sports, health, and the media, as well as in forensic investigation and other aspects of law.

Psychology (album)

Psychology (2005) is the first album by Discover America (Chris Staples) on Tooth & Nail Records. It was performed, produced, and fully recorded/ engineered by Chris Staples.

Psychology (short story)

Psychology is a 1920 short story by Katherine Mansfield. It was first published in Bliss and Other Stories.

Usage examples of "psychology".

Renaissance, though other scholars have dismissed this, arguing that the chivalry of knights in the Middle Ages embodied the same psychology.

So a biocentric psychology is one that approaches the study of human beings from a biological or a life-centered perspective.

His work should have permanent value in the literature of war psychology, but he only undertakes to expose German lies, and in his 72-paged booklet he proves to the hilt the charges made in this work.

But if, on the other hand, the positive school of criminology denies, on the ground of researches in scientific physiological psychology, that the human will is free and does not admit that one is a criminal because he wants to be, but declares that a man commits this or that crime only when he lives in definitely determined conditions of personality and environment which induce him necessarily to act in a certain way, then alone does the problem of the origin of criminality begin to be submitted to a preliminary analysis, and then alone does criminal law step out of the narrow and arid limits of technical jurisprudence and become a true social and human science in the highest and noblest meaning of the word.

For the educator, therefore, psychology may be limited to a study of the definite states of consciousness which arise through an apperceiving act of attention, that is, to our states of experience and the processes connected therewith.

An erotomaniac, if her thorough education in pop psychology proved correct.

Dominici has been condemned: descending from the charming empyrean of bourgeois novels and essentialist psychology, Literature has just condemned a man to the guillotine.

The true illustration of the divine government must be adopted from physiology and psychology, where the perfect working of the Creator is exemplified, not from the forum and the court, where the imperfect artifices of men are exhibited.

Frantz Fanon argued that racist superstructures are permanently embedded in the psychology, economy, and culture of our society.

Indeed, he is doubtless an expert on their psychology, though showed commendable modesty in disclaiming any such abilities whatsoever when his furlough was cancelled with orders to report to undersigned.

Hecaton Heo of Pallid House of the Whites had descended from transcendental thoughtspace and resumed human psychology in order to attend.

Frau Marie Kalau vom Hofe was a friend of Arthur Nebe, himself something of a criminologist, and attached officially to police headquarters as a consultant in matters of criminal psychology.

Also present were members of Congress, the Director of Public Prosecutions, and a psychology professor from Harvard, Len Linctus Spagammi.

There were only a few books in it on insanity and abnormal psychology and only one of them listed lycanthropy in the index.

I must confess to being especially intrigued by these disorders, for they open realms, or promise realms, scarcely imagined before, pointing to an open and more spacious neurology and psychology, excitingly different from the rather rigid and mechanical neurology of the past.