Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Empiric \Em*pir"ic\, Empirical \Em*pir"ic*al\, a.
Pertaining to, or founded upon, experiment or experience; depending upon the observation of phenomena; versed in experiments.
In philosophical language, the term empirical means simply what belongs to or is the product of experience or observation.
--Sir W. Hamilton.
The village carpenter . . . lays out his work by empirical rules learnt in his apprenticeship.
Depending upon experience or observation alone, without due regard to science and theory; -- said especially of medical practice, remedies, etc.; wanting in science and deep insight; as, empiric skill, remedies.
Empirical formula. (Chem.) See under Formula.
Syn: See Transcendental.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
a. 1 Pertaining to or based on experience. 2 Pertaining to, derived from, or testable by observations made using the physical senses or using instruments which extend the senses. 3 (context philosophy of science English) verifiable by means of scientific experimentation.
adj. derived from experiment and observation rather than theory; "an empirical basis for an ethical theory"; "empirical laws"; "empirical data"; "an empirical treatment of a disease about which little is known" [syn: empiric] [ant: theoretical]
relying on medical quackery; "empiric treatment" [syn: empiric]
Empirical may refer to:Epistemic topics
- Empiricism, a theory of knowledge as coming only or primarily from experience
- Empirical evidence, a source of knowledge acquired by means of observation or experimentation
- Empirical research, a way of gaining knowledge by means of direct and indirect observation or experience
- Empirical relationship, a relationship based solely on observation rather than theory
- Quasi-empirical method, as close to empiricism as is possible when experience cannot falsify
- Empirical limits in science, problems with observation, and thus are limits of human ability to inquire and answer questions
- Empirical distribution function, the cumulative distribution function associated with the empirical measure of the sample
- Empirical formula, the simplest positive integer ratio of atoms present in a chemical compound
- Empirical likelihood, an estimation method in statistics
- Empirical measure, a random measure arising from a particular realization of a (usually finite) sequence of random variables
- Empirical modelling, computer modelling based on empirical observations rather than on mathematically describable relationships of the system modelled
- Empirical probability, the ratio of the number of outcomes in which a specified event occurs to the total number of trials
- Empirical process, a stochastic process that describes the proportion of objects in a system in a given state
- Empirical process (process control model), the scientific use of quantitative and qualitative data to understand and improve software
- Empiric therapy, therapy based on clinical educated guesses
- Empirical (jazz band), a British jazz group, formed in 2007, with four musicians
- Empirical, a research vessel that was used by Darth Vader in Star Wars
Empirical is a British jazz group, formed in 2007 by four young musicians. The group performs compositions and improvisations, with each member being given equal responsibility for the direction of the music.
The members of Empirical are: Nathaniel Facey (alto saxophone), Shaney Forbes (drums), Lewis Wright (vibraphone) and Tom Farmer (bass).
The debut album Empirical (2007) and the 2009 release Out ‘n’ In were toured on the jazz circuit in the UK and abroad. Their most recent album is Elements of Truth (2011).
In 2012, Empirical featured on Jamie Cullum's radio show.
Usage examples of "empirical".
The broader, ubiquitous problem is one of confusing the metaphysical assumptions of scientific materialism with the empirical knowledge of science.
It is an empirical fact that the listener to music can perceive chords as groups of notes played simultaneously, but can also perceive chords as groups of notes played sequentially.
Women in modest skirts or slightly unflattering pantsuits, like Jesse Simons, the Deconstructionist, who argued that doping the water supply was embracing the nomadic sign system of Albertine, which of course represented not some empirical astrophysical event, but, rather, a symbolic reaction to the crisis of instability caused by American Imperialism.
It was by now taken as read that collecting figures on morbidity, say, or the incidence of crime or insanity, or the facts of nutrition, would comprise the empirical basis both for social policy on the part of government, and for social science in the universities.
Hitherto medicinal herbs have come down to us from early times as possessing only a traditional value, and as exercising merely empirical effects.
In collecting empirical laws from history, therefore, only very rough inductions can be hoped for, and we may have to be content with simple enumeration.
Naturalistic inquiry aims at empirical explanation, conceived of as the development of theories that identify lawful or lawlike regularities and causal connections between variables.
And at this point in history, it is certainly premature to declare that scientific knowledge of organic evolution and brain activity is so complete that nonphysical influences can be absolutely ruled out on purely empirical grounds.
This adds a measure of empirical confidence to other, related predictions regarding rifter behavior.
By an able but carping critic it was alleged that the mere chemical analysis of old-fashioned Herbal Simples makes their medicinal actions no less empirical than before: and that a pedantic knowledge of their constituent parts, invested with fine technical names, gives them no more scientific a position than that which our fathers understood.
There is significant evidence accumulated in many fields of empirical science that dynamic systems do not evolve smoothly and continuously over time, but do so in comparatively sudden leaps and bursts.
And the empirical systems sciences or ecological sciences, even though they claim to be holistic, in fact cover exactly and only one half of the Kosmos.
This cannot be determined by a mere empirical analysis of action systems, because we all already exist in the same physical universe, so physical parameters alone cannot explain the differences.
After all, the Darwinists could always be seen, whether they wished to or not, as simply supplying empirical evidence for a scheme already known and accepted, namely, evolution as God-in-the-making, Eros not simply seeking Spirit but expressing Spirit all along via a series of ever-higher ascents, which Darwin had merely chronicled in a not-very-surprising fashion.
Taking these as real, they try to remove the wrong ascriptions which make the absolute appear as a limited empirical thing.