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Crossword clues for knowledge

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a knowledge base
▪ You’re building up a knowledge base that you’ll be able to use later.
breadth of knowledge
▪ His breadth of knowledge was amazing.
deny all knowledge of sth
▪ CIA officers denied all knowledge of the operation.
depth of knowledge/understanding/experience
▪ I was impressed by the depth of her knowledge.
develop a sense/awareness/knowledge of sth
▪ The children are beginning to develop a sense of responsibility.
disclaim responsibility/knowledge etc
▪ Martin disclaimed any responsibility for his son’s actions.
draw on sb's knowledge
▪ Fortunately I was able to draw on my own knowledge of the law.
encyclopedic knowledge
▪ an encyclopedic knowledge of medieval literature
enlarge sb’s understanding/knowledge etc
▪ A good way to enlarge your vocabulary is to read a daily newspaper.
expert knowledge
▪ He has expert knowledge of the plants and animals in this area.
explicit knowledge
explicit knowledge of grammar
factual information/knowledge/statements etc
▪ Libraries are stores of factual information.
gain knowledge
▪ Knowledge gained from the research will be used directly to help patients.
general knowledge quiz
▪ a general knowledge quiz
general knowledge
▪ a general knowledge quiz
good working knowledge
▪ A good working knowledge of the building regulations is necessary for the job.
It is common knowledge that
It is common knowledge that travel broadens the mind.
prior knowledge
▪ He denied that he had prior knowledge of the robbery.
secure in the knowledge that
▪ We huddled together, secure in the knowledge that the rescue helicopter was on its way.
superior knowledge/intelligence
▪ She was always showing off her superior knowledge.
technical knowledge
▪ I have no technical knowledge at all.
the present/current state of knowledge
▪ That is the best advice we can offer, given our current state of knowledge about the disease.
▪ The primary purpose of the proposed research will be to acquire detailed knowledge about how the new Act will operate.
▪ No one can hope to retain in his head the mass of detailed knowledge needed throughout the farming year.
▪ The builder could no longer rely on eye alone; the Renaissance was a time for an order based on detailed knowledge.
▪ To be a success, personal computing needs to be done without detailed computer knowledge.
▪ Effective measurement requires detailed knowledge of the properties of phenomena which are to be reflected or mapped on to some mathematical system.
▪ They have a very detailed knowledge of medicines and how they work.
▪ This detailed knowledge of land formations should help geologists find mineral resources and evaluate geologic hazards such as earthquake zones.
▪ Using the detailed knowledge of employees at all levels, dramatic results were obtained.
▪ With Nicky's full knowledge and consent.
▪ And a considerable number of economists, though not always in full knowledge of the implications, have conceded the point.
▪ Early astronomers did not have telescopes to assist their observations, but nevertheless they had a full knowledge of the skies.
▪ From this it would appear that a party can be considered to have waived his rights without full knowledge of the facts.
▪ Lord Humphry Davy was full of remarkable knowledge.
▪ It is said that prior to birth the angels instruct the child in full knowledge of life and the universe.
▪ Topic-neutral knowledge is weaker than, and hence is entailed by, full knowledge, though it does not entail it.
▪ In the full knowledge that is the case, we can either choose to ride or we can jump off.
▪ Two separate tests which looked at such general knowledge were constructed.
▪ He indicated that he simply relied on his own general knowledge.
▪ Good question for a general knowledge quiz.
▪ He had an excellent vocabulary and a good fund of general knowledge.
▪ Success with such questions requires not only knowledge of the measures concerned but also general knowledge.
▪ Even while general knowledge of the virus advances, he said, many clergy are still in the dark.
▪ The integration of individualized information with more general knowledge and theory is a complex cognitive task, which experienced professionals perform frequently.
▪ This lack of discrimination suggests that the general knowledge required is not highly related to attainment in mathematics.
▪ Foreign visitors will expect the receptionist to have a very good knowledge of the country in general.
▪ During class he was attentive, at times contributed to the discussion, and frequently demonstrated good knowledge and problem-solving skills.
▪ To the best of her knowledge she had done nothing particularly cretinous.
▪ The computer is programmed with the best available knowledge of how atmospheric conditions cause weather systems.
▪ I had a very good knowledge of Edinburgh by the time I was five.
▪ All these trials will give you a better knowledge of your prospective partner.
▪ Well-developed knowledge of all publishing and production procedures and processes. Good knowledge and understanding of distribution management.
▪ In spite of a history of work inhibition, these students frequently have good academic knowledge and skills.
▪ When it comes to riding waves, surfers are the people with the greatest knowledge.
▪ He has acquired a great knowledge of public affairs, which he uses to arouse esteem among his fellow-citizens.
▪ Subordinates with the greatest knowledge of a problem will have greater influence over the decision.
▪ The result has been later pregnancies and greater knowledge of how to use contraceptive methods.
▪ That there would be no escape from the great wall of knowledge Henry was propelling in their direction.
▪ He is... in possession of a very great variety of knowledge.
▪ My hon. Friend the Member for Uxbridge, who speaks from great knowledge of such matters, urges more public awareness.
▪ With the epidemics came greater knowledge and a different attitude toward the disease, reflected in the change in its name.
▪ It has, by pushing back the boundaries of human knowledge, given us much that has enriched our lives.
▪ That is very old human knowledge.
▪ Critical doubt depends on a myth, the idea that human knowledge is totally objective and neutral.
▪ As the deconstructionists remind us, all human knowledge is situated in particular social constructions.
▪ The situation with human knowledge is not what is often suggested - that faith begins when reason ends.
▪ Citation totals - the large numbers of incremental additions to the sum of human knowledge.
▪ Such questions are not only perennially interesting; answers to them are presupposed by much of what counts as human knowledge.
▪ It is possible to teach every branch of human knowledge with the motion picture.
▪ I've often thought it might be better if I had more intimate knowledge.
▪ Naturally, they had an intimate knowledge of the terrain.
▪ While not insurmountable they can be overcome only by those with experience and intimate knowledge of police work.
▪ Without an intimate knowledge of haemoglobin it would be easy to dismiss them as random noise.
▪ This octavo volume of 310 pages, with plants arranged under 696 genera, proves his intimate knowledge of the estate.
▪ Not just for one night, but for several, and to develop an intimate knowledge of the local badger community.
▪ This allows suppliers to specialise and to develop an intimate knowledge of customer needs and wants.
▪ But it has the compelling authority that only intimate knowledge and great indignation can bring.
▪ Providing a service often requires a thorough local knowledge of the culture and mores of small areas of the community.
▪ The work of managing a natural environment is inescapably a work of local knowledge.
▪ Where there was success it was claimed to be due to local outlets and relevant local knowledge.
▪ I longed to ask questions but was wary of revealing my complete lack of local knowledge.
▪ Thus much time, attention, and effort are devoted to encouraging local knowledge.
▪ The enterprise funds will meet this need, relying on local knowledge and backing.
▪ But local knowledge is not the only influence.
▪ I believe that an element of local knowledge is essential if you are to acquire maximum enjoyment from this volume.
▪ The conference also included sessions led by local people with personal knowledge of poverty in Preston who will share their experiences.
▪ No preference was stated; recent personal knowledge was given as the criterion.
▪ There is no substitute for good, sound interpretation based on personal knowledge of the facts.
▪ So much will depend upon personal interest and knowledge.
▪ Uri had no personal knowledge of the event.
▪ The referees must have personal knowledge of the applicant and consider that he or she supports the aims of the Society.
▪ In many academic disciplines no prior knowledge is required or assumed.
▪ People are free to choose what they believe, but freedom to choose depends on prior knowledge of the choices.
▪ Although some prior knowledge of programming and/or statistics is an advantage, it is not a prerequisite for the course.
▪ Explanatory sketches, diagrams, and photographs substitute for equations and help make up for lack of prior knowledge of other sciences.
▪ The police had been excluded from prior knowledge of the arrests, but quickly built up an accurate picture.
▪ Attorneys for the two men said they left voluntarily and had no prior knowledge of the accounting fraud.
▪ Ab initio is a subject taken from scratch with no prior knowledge, and this often appeals to mature students.
▪ Which is to say, we had prior knowledge of those matters.
▪ How she had learned that he had the painting, which was not a matter of public knowledge, is unknown.
▪ How all of this came about is not yet public knowledge.
▪ The full picture will not become public knowledge.
▪ For one, Blinder said he favors increased public knowledge about the intentions of policymakers at the secretive Fed.
▪ His argument seemed to be based fearlessly on the refusal to recognise what is already public knowledge about our plans.
▪ From 1873 until 1889 his whereabouts were public knowledge, first locally, later worldwide.
▪ The telephone was just as it should be, with no bugging device to turn his private conversations into public knowledge.
▪ I had been on the committee but had resigned, and that was certainly by then a matter of public knowledge.
▪ Take these to your stylist, safe in the knowledge that your new look is going to suit you!
▪ Some companies deliberately parodied the new trade-names, safe in the knowledge they would never be taken seriously.
▪ You simply roam around, safe in the knowledge that round each corner there will be something to please.
▪ Hendrique was on the brink of defeat. Safe in that knowledge Graham braced himself then pulled away from the pad.
▪ Here we need to rely on our social scientific knowledge about our own legal and social institutions.
▪ Who were those glittering people intent on raiding the continent for money or for scientific knowledge?
▪ Or would the wisdom-giving years pass on a new perception that far surpassed the achievements of scientific knowledge?
▪ The West can surely produce a universal culture if it renounces its monopoly on scientific knowledge and the electronic agenda.
▪ Science is objective. Scientific knowledge is reliable knowledge because it is objectively proven knowledge.
▪ Establishing ambulatory nutrition care standards based on current scientific knowledge and practice 2.
▪ Most Science statements of attainment are more precise, since they relate to specific areas of scientific knowledge.
▪ Not even the quest for scientific knowledge is immune from the ravages of extremists in the environmental movement.
▪ What is its place in the social hierarchy of knowledge? 2.
▪ Piaget identified three kinds of knowledge: physical knowledge, logical-mathematical knowledge, and social knowledge.
▪ Here we need to rely on our social scientific knowledge about our own legal and social institutions.
▪ It almost goes without saying that social knowledge can not be constructed without interacting with others.
▪ They tended, however to be much less articulate than others in the Rowdies group and to possess far less social knowledge.
▪ Logical-mathematical knowledge is knowledge constructed from actions on objects. Social knowledge is knowledge about things created by cultures.
▪ The social dimensions of knowledge can come through in various ways.
▪ People are the only possible source of material for construction of social knowledge.
▪ Gary believes that I should be the recipient of his special knowledge and in my present state of mind I am willing.
▪ You have your own areas of special knowledge.
▪ Candidates must be capable of applying this special knowledge to student design work.
▪ After six months of searching he discovered that he could use his special knowledge of physics and mathematics in teaching.
▪ What special knowledge do I have?
▪ One where you can use your areas of special knowledge and the transferable skills that you most enjoy using.
▪ It takes into account their experience, any special knowledge and also whether they are acting in a business or professional capacity.
▪ Your next position must match the areas of special knowledge and transferable skills you love using.
▪ This might require specialist knowledge in some industry or region of the world.
▪ All my specialist knowledge, all that accumulated wisdom of the ages, would surely come in useful to some one.
▪ They'd lose our contacts, our specialist knowledge, our expertise in battle.
▪ Proficiency is increasing in contract work and staff have specialist knowledge of such one off tasks.
▪ Dating a rug from its weave and design requires extensive specialist knowledge and can only be undertaken by an expert.
▪ In essence we aim to provide a personal service of the highest standard by combining advanced techniques and specialist knowledge.
▪ He argues that status, technical knowledge and experience are not necessarily the most significant determinants of an individual's contribution.
▪ They emphasized the technical knowledge and skills they had to impart to these people.
▪ Fieldwork, nevertheless, involves the routine application of a wide range of technical and scientific knowledge.
▪ But in the modern workplace, we need people with high-level academic and technical knowledge.
▪ Vanessa Britton suggests some courses to improve your technical knowledge.
▪ The best integrate high-level academic and technical knowledge and teach at least some content in context.
▪ Job screeners later said Roscoe, 55, seemed to flaunt his lack of technical knowledge.
▪ As they learned to delegate, their technical knowledge and ability grew obsolescent.
▪ Unfortunately many of the science schemes on the market assume a depth of background knowledge which not all teachers have.
▪ Their background knowledge of an institution is typically and corporately small, and sojourn within its walls brief.
▪ In addition, the introduction to each Resource Book gives you vital background knowledge about the concepts and methodology underlying each technique.
▪ Basic assumptions and background knowledge are not referenced.
▪ There is unlikely to be a consensus definition of the boundaries between background knowledge and the specific issues addressed in individual papers.
▪ A little background knowledge will make you more confident and help you to draw up a list of really relevant questions.
▪ The books demystify language teaching theory, and provide invaluable background knowledge which will extend professional skills.
▪ Does the background knowledge assumed seem appropriate for your child?
▪ This project will attempt to show that when firms are experiencing this dynamic competition they will respond by augmenting their knowledge base.
▪ The knowledge base, on the other hand, contains all of the information that is specific to a particular application.
▪ An appropriate selection of firms will be made whose knowledge base is currently threatened by new technology or a novel design configuration.
▪ Typically an expert system consists of a piece of software called an inference engine and another piece called a knowledge base.
▪ A training shell is a generalised tutorial system which can operate with a variety of knowledge bases.
▪ As the flow of information was fixed, data structures could be tailored to the specific knowledge bases using them.
▪ We may be undergoing a rapid rate of change in our knowledge base now, and that may be hard to assimilate.
▪ Hence, there is a need to use some automated technique for rigorously incorporating new knowledge into the existing knowledge base.
▪ Vivisection in education Dissection has traditionally been a means of acquiring a knowledge of anatomy.
▪ He has acquired a great knowledge of public affairs, which he uses to arouse esteem among his fellow-citizens.
▪ The distinction between rationalism and empiricism relates to a distinction between knowledge acquired by reason and knowledge acquired by the senses.
▪ Schools must ensure that most young people acquire the skills and knowledge once reserved for a few.
▪ It is misleading if it means simply that students learn how to acquire conventional encyclopaedia-like knowledge for themselves.
▪ She returned to the restaurant and put her newly acquired knowledge to work.
▪ Thus do we acquire our knowledge of history in general, as well as of specific epochs and events.
▪ In fact, most began to acquire not only managerial knowledge and skills, but also managerial interests and a managerial temperament.
▪ This prediction, according to the same source, was based on her privileged knowledge.
▪ Reflective abstraction is internal thought or reflection based on available knowledge.
▪ The builder could no longer rely on eye alone; the Renaissance was a time for an order based on detailed knowledge.
▪ Establishing ambulatory nutrition care standards based on current scientific knowledge and practice 2.
▪ It is very different, and as you can see has to be based on some knowledge or understanding.
▪ The more technocratic radical elite theorists see the legal system as part of the growth of elites based upon monopolies of knowledge.
▪ The book is based on his knowledge of Wychwood gained then, but for his story he went back even further in time.
▪ They are what people usually mean when they talk of innovation, though not all innovations based on knowledge are important.
▪ But he added Mr Murphy had always denied any knowledge of an attack on Riley.
▪ Oracle has denied knowledge of the detective agency's methods, which included sifting through rubbish bins.
▪ In his videotaped testimony, Clinton denied any knowledge of the loan diversion.
▪ President Clinton apologized, denied knowledge of any wrongdoing and conceded a mistake had been made.
▪ Mr Mugabe has denied prior knowledge of the land seizures, although he said the government welcomed and supported the occupations.
▪ The case ended in a deadlocked jury and a mistrial after King denied any personal knowledge of the scheme and blamed co-workers.
▪ Another soldier, H, has denied knowledge of any such event, or of robbing the man inside the vehicle.
▪ I hold the police responsible for my son's death Voice over Police denied any knowledge of who was on the bike.
▪ The course aims to develop the technical knowledge and ability to make decisions about appropriate methods and strategies for livestock development.
▪ The managers had to develop both their knowledge and skill in both analysis and implementation.
▪ For cancer specialists, developing this knowledge is still a long way off, but would be vital.
▪ Not just for one night, but for several, and to develop an intimate knowledge of the local badger community.
▪ Solicitors develop a detailed knowledge of the working of the business which enables them to represent the firm's interests more effectively.
▪ This allows suppliers to specialise and to develop an intimate knowledge of customer needs and wants.
▪ What did you learn and how could your developed knowledge be applied more effectively in the future?
▪ It is hoped to gain some knowledge of how families view the role of secrecy as the child grows up.
▪ Not only did the managers gain skills and knowledge from formal training, but they also augmented their networks of relationships.
▪ If not from theology, then, they asked themselves, where did we gain our knowledge of the world?
▪ But they can not gain the depth of knowledge and analysis required for sound and reasoned decision making.
▪ And what if the hacking community gains knowledge about the internal workings of Whistler, or some other future Microsoft product?
▪ There was no evidence that his peer relations improved or that he gained in academic knowledge.
▪ We are gaining greater knowledge, understanding, sensitivity, and appreciation.
▪ The second is to gain the knowledge and experience to maintain humans within equilibrium in a closed ecological system.
▪ It must secure resources and backing so that it is seen to be increasing access to knowledge via new technology.
▪ Blinder said he favors increased public knowledge about the intentions of policymakers at the secretive Fed.
▪ It is particularly the case with men that they slowly over time increase their knowledge and mastery over self.
▪ Human minds, they say, have a long-term aim: to increase their knowledge of the world.
▪ Much research is concerned only with increasing our knowledge of how societies work, and explaining patterns of social behaviour.
▪ She may lack motivation to increase knowledge and improve skills, and appear uninterested.
▪ To increase knowledge about alcohol so that future alcohol use can be more informed and therefore more prudent. 2.
▪ That is to say, your study will provide you with the knowledge that is generally accepted as making up the subject.
▪ The policy sciences carry the burden of providing useful knowledge.
▪ The nodes in the network provide both the knowledge representation and the process by which knowledge is applied.
▪ They need to provide the factual knowledge and the reasoning skills that a rational mind requires.
▪ Many of our other suggestions are aimed at improving visitor experiences, by providing knowledge and enjoyment.
▪ It is the task of journalists to provide people with such knowledge.
▪ The books demystify language teaching theory, and provide invaluable background knowledge which will extend professional skills.
▪ This provides salutary knowledge of results of the interview itself if not of its degree of success in terms of a real objective.
▪ This might require specialist knowledge in some industry or region of the world.
▪ Successful assembly, requiring persistence but little knowledge, is rewarded with a brief come-to-life scene and a printable certificate.
▪ There are areas of particular importance which require extra knowledge and understanding from the start.
▪ Balancing these tensions required finely honed knowledge and skill that the new managers had only begun to acquire.
▪ This does not require any higher level knowledge.
▪ Converting data into information thus requires knowledge.
▪ Providing a service often requires a thorough local knowledge of the culture and mores of small areas of the community.
▪ The surveyor will therefore require a knowledge of the contracts available in order to advise his client.
▪ And tonight the pensioners can celebrate, secure in the knowledge that thanks to their campaigning, their homes have been saved.
▪ At about 1910 we arrived at Shrewsbury, secure in the knowledge that the 1850 Aberystwyth train had been held.
▪ Unmanned, they float about like driftwood, secure in the knowledge that they've already lost.
▪ Lisa and Phoebe shared the painful knowledge that they had been conning themselves as well as their men.
▪ She shared that knowledge with her human children, but in return asked reverence and care in preserving her bounty.
▪ For once he felt no urge to share his knowledge with her.
▪ Literacy, by definition, is shared knowledge.
▪ I share this knowledge with others and we behave in appropriate ways in particular situations.
▪ Delia looked hesitantly at Heather, wondering if she should have shared this knowledge.
▪ It's about people, communication, and sharing knowledge.
▪ Most contemporary political scientists attempt to use the scientific method to establish shared knowledge about the political world.
▪ Usually, he says, the children use their intuitive knowledge of the language to form sentences with the same structure.
▪ Analogously, computerised text recognition needs to use higher level knowledge to achieve comparable levels of performance.
▪ Veronica uses her knowledge of structures and project control to liaise with architects and other engineering consultants.
▪ In addition, there has also been press criticism that ministers have been using advance knowledge to influence market and media opinion.
▪ Language and linguistics People understand language by using their knowledge about everyday life to add to what is explicitly stated.
▪ How nursery nurses and other students choose to use this knowledge is another matter entirely.
▪ What controls should exist for using genetic knowledge in insurance and employment?
a thirst for knowledge/education/information etc
a working knowledge of sth
▪ Andy has a good working knowledge of accounting practices.
▪ Ideally, you will have a degree in engineering or science with a working knowledge of heat transfer mechanisms.
▪ In this case, having a working knowledge of the types of microcomputer available will be important.
▪ Lambert was himself a skilled administrator, with a working knowledge of sanitary reform.
▪ Those who supervise clerical supervisors must have a working knowledge of word processing, communications, data processing, and recordkeeping.
carnal knowledge/relations
▪ But carnal knowledge sours his relationship with his clients, and paradise is lost.
▪ It is the threesome of snake, Eve, and Adam which, according to the Bible, makes for carnal knowledge.
▪ The fruit was carnal knowledge, and everybody from Thomas Aquinas to Milton knew it.
common knowledge
▪ Laura's drinking problem was common knowledge throughout the department.
first-hand experience/knowledge/account etc
▪ And now I know from first-hand experience it's the wrong approach.
▪ At one time, physical presence was a prerequisite for first-hand experience.
▪ Besides, the people of Waterloo had first-hand knowledge of the advantages of public ownership.
▪ International research tends to involve analyzing international data, rather than acquiring first-hand knowledge about international operations in other countries.
▪ It reflects, often, a first-hand experience of the events it describes.
▪ Millions of people across the world have first-hand experience of what it can do.
▪ Their testimony on it represents crucial, first-hand experience of which those planning for the hospital-based sector must take significant account.
▪ This understanding needs to be informed, up-to-date and backed by first-hand experience, not based on hearsay or second-hand impressions.
intimate knowledge of sth
▪ Her dedication would now be complete, an offering made from a full heart and an intimate knowledge of mental pain.
▪ Hindley Foster had obviously perceived her dilemma and understood it, even though he had said he had no intimate knowledge of procreation.
▪ Naturally, they had an intimate knowledge of the terrain.
▪ Not just for one night, but for several, and to develop an intimate knowledge of the local badger community.
▪ This allows suppliers to specialise and to develop an intimate knowledge of customer needs and wants.
▪ This octavo volume of 310 pages, with plants arranged under 696 genera, proves his intimate knowledge of the estate.
▪ While not insurmountable they can be overcome only by those with experience and intimate knowledge of police work.
▪ Without an intimate knowledge of haemoglobin it would be easy to dismiss them as random noise.
safe in the knowledge that ...
▪ Take these to your stylist, safe in the knowledge that your new look is going to suit you!
▪ You simply roam around, safe in the knowledge that round each corner there will be something to please.
stock of jokes/knowledge/courage etc
▪ These stocks of knowledge can be altered by interactions, through negotiation.
▪ This ties in with the notion of the negotiable nature of people's stocks of knowledge.
the fount of all knowledge/wisdom etc
▪ But these pronouncements should not be taken as the fount of all wisdom.
▪ Cassie Willmott, the fount of all knowledge.
the frontiers of knowledge/physics etc
▪ Use concepts across the frontiers of knowledge.
to the best of your knowledge/belief/ability etc
▪ He doesn't have the skills or knowledge needed to do the job.
▪ My knowledge of Japanese is limited to a few phrases.
▪ scientific knowledge
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Knowledge \Knowl"edge\, n. [OE. knowlage, knowlege, knowleche, knawleche. The last part is the Icel. suffix -leikr, forming abstract nouns, orig. the same as Icel. leikr game, play, sport, akin to AS. l[=a]c, Goth. laiks dance. See Know, and cf. Lake, v. i., Lark a frolic.]

  1. The act or state of knowing; clear perception of fact, truth, or duty; certain apprehension; familiar cognizance; cognition.

    Knowledge, which is the highest degree of the speculative faculties, consists in the perception of the truth of affirmative or negative propositions.

  2. That which is or may be known; the object of an act of knowing; a cognition; -- chiefly used in the plural.

    There is a great difference in the delivery of the mathematics, which are the most abstracted of knowledges.

    Knowledges is a term in frequent use by Bacon, and, though now obsolete, should be revived, as without it we are compelled to borrow ``cognitions'' to express its import.
    --Sir W. Hamilton.

    To use a word of Bacon's, now unfortunately obsolete, we must determine the relative value of knowledges.
    --H. Spencer.

  3. That which is gained and preserved by knowing; instruction; acquaintance; enlightenment; learning; scholarship; erudition.

    Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth.
    --1 Cor. viii. 1.

    Ignorance is the curse of God; Knowledge, the wing wherewith we fly to heaven.

  4. That familiarity which is gained by actual experience; practical skill; as, a knowledge of life.

    Shipmen that had knowledge of the sea.
    --1 Kings ix. 27.

  5. Scope of information; cognizance; notice; as, it has not come to my knowledge.

    Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldst take knowledge of me?
    --Ruth ii. 10.

  6. Sexual intercourse; -- usually preceded by carnal; same as carnal knowledge.

    Syn: See Wisdom.


Knowledge \Knowl"edge\, v. t. To acknowledge. [Obs.] ``Sinners which knowledge their sins.''

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

early 12c., cnawlece "acknowledgment of a superior, honor, worship;" for first element see know. Second element obscure, perhaps from Scandinavian and cognate with the -lock "action, process," found in wedlock. Meaning "capacity for knowing, understanding; familiarity; fact of knowing" is late 14c. Sense of "an organized body of facts or teachings" is from c.1400, as is that of "sexual intercourse." Also a verb in Middle English, knoulechen "acknowledge" (c.1200), later "find out about; recognize," and "to have sexual intercourse with" (c.1300).


n. 1 (context obsolete English) acknowledgement. (14th-16th c.) 2 The fact of knowing about something; general understanding or familiarity with a subject, place, situation etc. (from 14th c.) vb. (context obsolete English) To confess as true; to acknowledge. (13th-17th c.)


n. the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning [syn: cognition, noesis]


Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.

Knowledge can refer to a theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. It can be implicit (as with practical skill or expertise) or explicit (as with the theoretical understanding of a subject); it can be more or less formal or systematic. In philosophy, the study of knowledge is called epistemology; the philosopher Plato famously defined knowledge as " justified true belief", though this definition is now agreed by most analytic philosophers to be problematic because of the Gettier problems. However, several definitions of knowledge and theories to explain it exist.

Knowledge acquisition involves complex cognitive processes: perception, communication, and reasoning; while knowledge is also said to be related to the capacity of acknowledgment in human beings.

Knowledge (song)

"Knowledge" is a song by American band Operation Ivy. It was written by lead vocalist Jesse Michaels and appeared on the album Energy.

During the opening of the song at Operation Ivy's last show at Gilman St. (which was released on the "Lint Rides Again" bootleg), Michaels opens the song by saying that "this song is called 'Knowledge', and it's about growing up."

Knowledge (band)

Knowledge were a Jamaican roots reggae group, best known for their work in the late 1970s and early 1980s, which saw them sign to A&M Records.

Knowledge (magazine)

Knowledge: An Illustrated Magazine of Science was a British popular science magazine published from 1881 to 1918. Founded by astronomer Richard A. Proctor, the magazine started as a weekly periodical, becoming monthly in 1885. The magazine was known for its extensive correspondence columns. Proctor himself, the first editor, was a significant contributor, and many of his discoveries or theoretical deductions first appeared in the magazine. Proctor was sometimes assisted in editorial duties by Edward Clodd. After Proctor's death in 1888, Arthur Cowper Ranyard took over editorship, then Harry Forbes Witherby after Ranyard's death.

Knowledge (disambiguation)

Knowledge is a detailed familiarity with, or understanding of, a person, thing or situation.

Knowledge may also refer to:

  • a concept in English law, see knowingly
  • The Knowledge, the rigorous geographical training obligatory for London taxi drivers
  • Techniques of Knowledge, the meditation techniques taught by Prem Rawat and others
  • Carnal knowledge, Biblical term for sexual intercourse

in music:

  • Knowledge (band), Jamaican reggae group
  • Knowledge (rapper), England's first documented rapper
  • "Knowledge" (song), by ska-core band Operation Ivy
  • Knowledge, ska-punk band fronted by Nick Traina

in print:

  • Knowledge (magazine), a British science magazine from 1881 to 1918
  • BBC Knowledge (magazine), a British magazine founded in 2008
  • The Knowledge (book series), children's series
  • Knowledge encyclopædia, a British magazine for children which was assembled in binders into an encyclopedia

in television:

  • BBC Knowledge (Worldwide), an international TV channel
  • Knowledge Channel, an educational television channel in the Philippines
  • Knowledge Network, an educational television channel in British Columbia
  • Knowledge TV, a defunct American Cable Network
Knowledge (legal construct)

In law knowledge is one of the degrees of mens rea that constitute part of a crime. For example, in English law, the offence of knowingly being a passenger in a vehicle taken without consent ( TWOC) requires that the prosecution prove, not only that the defendant was a passenger in a vehicle and that it was taken by the driver without consent, the prosecution must also prove that the defendant knew that it was taken without consent.

Under the principle of ignorantia juris non excusat, ignorance of or mistake about the law is no defence. The mens rea of knowledge refers to knowledge about certain facts. It is "a positive belief that a state of affairs exists."

Knowledge can be actual, constructive, or imputed.

Usage examples of "knowledge".

There is no reason in our quest for amplified states of Being that we cannot acculturate the enhancement, technique and knowledge of love to a more sophisticated degree than the culture of militarism has carried the strategies of conflict.

He was as accomplished in the classics as Adams, but also in mathematics, horticulture, architecture, and in his interest in and knowledge of science he far exceeded Adams.

One of the last letters he received before departure was from his admiring friend Benjamin Rush, who in his usual flowing, assured hand wrote that though he hated to see Adams go, he had every confidence in him: I am aware that your abilities and firmness are much wanted at the Court of France, and after all that has been said of the advantages of dressing, powdering, and bowing well as necessary accomplishments for an ambassador, I maintain that knowledge and integrity with a common share of prudence will outweigh them all.

In a letter to Livingston that he never sent, Adams would later contend that Franklin would not have signed the treaty without the knowledge of Vergennes--that Vergennes, in fact, had been in on the whole thing.

On November 19, Adams wrote the following at the bottom of her letter-book copy: The whole of this correspondence was begun and conducted without my knowledge or suspicion.

She did not want to say too much, but Vandene and Adeleas had more knowledge their fingertips than existed anywhere else but the White Tower, and more complications awaited her there than she cared to deal with now.

There was no evidence of coercion, which agrees with my knowledge of your character.

But one thing I am sure of -- that the innocent delight of the poor Indian Alferez Real, mounted upon his horse, dressed in his motley, barefooted, and overshadowed by his gold-laced hat, was as entire as if he had eaten of all the fruits of all the trees of knowledge of his time, and so perhaps the Jesuits were wise.

And it was common knowledge that the Haluk did not send allomorphic members of their race to Earth.

Now, knowledge of how many letters are in the keyword tells how many alphabets were used in the polyalphabetic encipher-ment.

Then there was breakfast, and the time of work, and the time of study, and Ananke and Pavo would quiz Jalila to ensure that she was following the prescribed Orders of Knowledge.

Then I combine everything with my own knowledge of the Anasazi and make a series of drawings of the site as it probably looked when it was inhabited.

And I have come to believe that he had fore knowledge of the attack in the Badlands where my husband anc your two sons, Orwin, met their deaths.

No agreement regarding vivisection can be anticipated or desired with any man who holds that some vague and uncertain addition to the sum total of knowledge would justify experiments made upon dying children in a hospital, without regard to their personal benefit, or sanction the infliction of any degree of agony upon animals in a laboratory.

About two years ago, our Royal Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals became possessed of the knowledge that it was still the practice in the schools of Anatomy and Physiology in France for lecturers and demonstrators to tie down cats, dogs, rabbits, etc.