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Crossword clues for shell

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
shell game
▪ Critics called the proposal a shell game.
shell shock
shell suit
▪ Database Database programs are often described as empty shell, content-free and cross-curricular software.
▪ I see increasing numbers of anemones and a couple of empty mussel shells.
▪ Your local dealer should have some empty shells for it to grow into.
▪ Even empty shells serve as some animals' homes.
▪ Do not buy snails from a tank containing empty shells or dead snails.
▪ Many are in parks and preserves, where those empty shells are safeguarded.
▪ Only the husk, the empty shell of what they'd come for.
▪ During the course of psychotherapy, it quickly became apparent to Tom that his marriage was a pretty empty shell.
▪ Morris didn't seem lonely or isolated himself, but a hard shell was usually a sign of vulnerability underneath.
▪ But they have a hard outer shell.
▪ In addition to their hard shell, tortoises and turtles sometimes possess special protective refinements.
▪ The censure of her family was like a hard shell under which she found a certain freedom.
▪ This gentler self had been covered by a hard, outer shell.
▪ Soft-shelled crabs are blue crabs taken after the hard shell has been discarded and the new one is still soft.
▪ Holding it by the hard shell is safe enough, although a steady grip is recommended.
▪ She had a hard shell like an oyster.
▪ This is trapped between the inner and outer shell with an insulating filling divided into compartments for greater efficiency.
▪ But they have a hard outer shell.
▪ The sticky nature of the outer shell may also facilitate passive spread of eggs.
▪ Materials: the outer shell is made from proofed nylon and the lining from cotton giving just that little extra comfort.
▪ He possibly held that the universe was slightly ovoid, with a crystalline outer shell to which the stars were attached.
▪ This gentler self had been covered by a hard, outer shell.
▪ Both jacket and salopettes are made of Parameta with a Pertex outer shell.
▪ The outer shells of the Buckau rotors sat on pivots that came to about two-thirds of their height.
▪ A thicker shell presumably protects the snail better.
▪ If thicker shells are really better for the snail, why don't they have them anyway?
▪ Bivalves and tortoises have longer maximum lives than their relatives, perhaps because of the protection conferred by their thick shells.
▪ Burying it all under a thick shell of bluster, bullying, slavish adherence to protocol and discipline.
▪ It was even more volatile than a hang-fire on an artillery shell.
▪ And underneath, lined up like artillery shells, are the tubes which fit in those caulking guns.
▪ What the Navy needs, critics say, is a ship that can fire lots of relatively inexpensive artillery shells.
▪ Life in the Lubetkin family was a perpetual shell game.
▪ It was a curious shell game in which each side thought it had the upper hand.
▪ The shell game which Dad had instigated so long ago had impoverished all three of us.
▪ The exploding mortar shell has a strength of 7.
▪ Rifle grenades, land mines, dynamite, antitank guns, mortar shells.
▪ The mortar shell explodes before it is fired.
▪ Unlike the solid cannon ball a mortar shell is hollow and filled with gunpowder.
▪ The crew light the fuse before dropping the mortar shell into the mortar.
▪ Hundreds of bullets were let loose - followed by tear-gas and even mortar shells - as protesters were cut down without mercy.
▪ A well placed mortar shell can therefore kill a great many victims at once.
▪ Now declare how far you want to fire the mortar shell.
▪ Turn your mixture into the pie shell.
▪ When softened, spread the potatoes evenly over bottom and sides of the pans as for pie shells.
▪ Pour into 9-or 10-inch pre-baked, crimped pie shell.
▪ Margaret mixes dough and rolls out the pie shell.
▪ Place the cheese on the bottom of the pie shells.
▪ Spread it into cooled baked pie shell.
▪ Pile mixture into pie shell and garnish with reserved strawberries.
▪ Pour into two pie shells and bake for 15 minutes.
▪ Similarly, insects and land snail shells are identified, sorted and quantified in the same way as animal and plant remains.
▪ And when I went to the museum on Gozo I discovered a block with a carved snail shell.
▪ I had an empty Apple Snail shell scrounged from my long-suffering dealer for just such an experiment.
▪ Sometimes you can find a Zebra flatworm sharing the snail shell with the hermit crab.
▪ Taken with other environmental indicators, such as land snail shells and insect remains, they also give information about the prevailing climate.
▪ We need to accept only that the change in snail shell is a fluke adaptation.
▪ Caddis houses helped us take the previous step; snail shells will help us take this one.
▪ The youths, aged about 15, dressed in brightly shell suits were riding mountain bikes.
▪ The men are in shell suits and have moustaches.
▪ Even the humble sparkler can cause horrific injuries when combined with a highly flammable shell suit.
▪ He was wearing a blue and yellow shell suit top and light, almost bleached jeans.
▪ The army plans later to fit Challenger with a new gun operating at even higher pressure and firing an improved shell.
▪ The best naval guns can fire a shell at about one kilometer per 148 second.
▪ Now declare how far you want to fire the mortar shell.
▪ When it got to that distance, I just stuck up the M79 and fired off a shotgun shell.
▪ The preliminary bombardment was the heaviest so far mounted: over two weeks 3,100 guns fired some 471/2 million shells.
retreat into yourself/your shell/fantasy etc
▪ I retreated into my shell, being painfully shy in the first place.
▪ a parka with a waterproof nylon shell
▪ clam shells
▪ Most buildings in the area are just burned-out shells.
▪ Pour the mixture into a prepared pie shell and bake at 375° for 45 minutes.
▪ Rebels fired mortar shells directly into the town square.
▪ shotgun shells
▪ taco shells
▪ The turtle poked its head out of its shell.
▪ Throw away any eggs with cracked shells.
▪ A shell had exploded in the body of one of them, tearing it to pieces; others were torn and wounded.
▪ Before knives and scissors were imported, they used a sharp shell.
▪ Despite their hardy shells they are delicate fishes and easily injured.
▪ Gunmen pumped dozens of rounds into Gutierrez, and more than 120 spent shells were found on the pavement, Anaya said.
▪ It is decorated with electric patterns of beads and shells and rests on wooden runners.
▪ Pour into two pie shells and bake for 15 minutes.
▪ Rain falls through the shell of the echoing house.
▪ And the fighter revealed he's shelling out £20,000 for sparring partners Mike Weaver and Tony Tubbs, both former world champions.
▪ And for this sort of performance, local taxpayers shell out roughly $ 360, 000 a year.
▪ In practice, they so mistrust the secrecy and alleged profligacy of Central Office that they refuse to shell out.
▪ But how readily will they shell out hundreds for a similar-sized piece of software?
▪ They wanted to get in the diocesan surveyor to have a look at it before they shelled out for repairs.
▪ If play improvements are only incremental, why shell out the cash to buy a 32-bit rig or an N64?
▪ They had difficulties in re-paying, he took their benefit book, and they ended up shelling out £450.
▪ He shelled out another $ 200.
▪ Many have never shelled a pea.
▪ We are peeling potatoes, forming tiny meatballs, browning chicken, shelling peas.
▪ Add one pound of cooked, shelled shrimp.
▪ Border towns have been shelled by enemy aircraft for the past two months.
▪ British warships began shelling German positions along the coast.
▪ They targeted the area's most vital structures, shelling power plants and hospitals.
▪ And the possibility of further shelling was anything but remote in those days.
▪ For instance, the network has shelled out big bucks to snare Bill Cosby for a new sitcom in the fall.
▪ Others continue to shell out money.
▪ Shooting and shelling erupt sporadically from both sides.
▪ The complaint against them, it seems, is that they supplied the troops around Sarajevo who shelled and sniped at civilians.
▪ The forces of tyranny and aggression shelled the Mandali suburbs, Khurmal and Darband-e-Khan with long-range artillery.
▪ The site would be the Olympic stadium, which was heavily shelled but still stands.
▪ They're being bombed and shelled every day and night just as in Sarajevo.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Shell \Shell\, n. [OE. shelle, schelle, AS. scell, scyll; akin to D. shel, Icel. skel, Goth. skalja a tile, and E. skill. Cf. Scale of fishes, Shale, Skill.]

  1. A hard outside covering, as of a fruit or an animal. Specifically:

    1. The covering, or outside part, of a nut; as, a hazelnut shell.

    2. A pod.

    3. The hard covering of an egg.

      Think him as a serpent's egg, . . . And kill him in the shell.

    4. (Zo["o]l.) The hard calcareous or chitinous external covering of mollusks, crustaceans, and some other invertebrates. In some mollusks, as the cuttlefishes, it is internal, or concealed by the mantle. Also, the hard covering of some vertebrates, as the armadillo, the tortoise, and the like.

    5. (Zo["o]l.) Hence, by extension, any mollusks having such a covering.

  2. (Mil.) A hollow projectile, of various shapes, adapted for a mortar or a cannon, and containing an explosive substance, ignited with a fuse or by percussion, by means of which the projectile is burst and its fragments scattered. See Bomb.

  3. The case which holds the powder, or charge of powder and shot, used with breechloading small arms.

  4. Any slight hollow structure; a framework, or exterior structure, regarded as not complete or filled in; as, the shell of a house.

  5. A coarse kind of coffin; also, a thin interior coffin inclosed in a more substantial one.

  6. An instrument of music, as a lyre, -- the first lyre having been made, it is said, by drawing strings over a tortoise shell.

    When Jubal struck the chorded shell.

  7. An engraved copper roller used in print works.

  8. pl. The husks of cacao seeds, a decoction of which is often used as a substitute for chocolate, cocoa, etc.

  9. (Naut.) The outer frame or case of a block within which the sheaves revolve.

  10. A light boat the frame of which is covered with thin wood or with paper; as, a racing shell.

  11. Something similar in form or action to an ordnance shell; specif.:

    1. (Fireworks) A case or cartridge containing a charge of explosive material, which bursts after having been thrown high into the air. It is often elevated through the agency of a larger firework in which it is contained.

    2. (Oil Wells) A torpedo.

  12. A concave rough cast-iron tool in which a convex lens is ground to shape.

  13. A gouge bit or shell bit. Message shell, a bombshell inside of which papers may be put, in order to convey messages. Shell bit, a tool shaped like a gouge, used with a brace in boring wood. See Bit, n., 3. Shell button.

    1. A button made of shell.

    2. A hollow button made of two pieces, as of metal, one for the front and the other for the back, -- often covered with cloth, silk, etc. Shell cameo, a cameo cut in shell instead of stone. Shell flower. (Bot.) Same as Turtlehead. Shell gland. (Zo["o]l.)

      1. A glandular organ in which the rudimentary shell is formed in embryonic mollusks.

      2. A glandular organ which secretes the eggshells of various worms, crustacea, mollusks, etc.

        Shell gun, a cannon suitable for throwing shells.

        Shell ibis (Zo["o]l.), the openbill of India.

        Shell jacket, an undress military jacket.

        Shell lime, lime made by burning the shells of shellfish.

        Shell marl (Min.), a kind of marl characterized by an abundance of shells, or fragments of shells.

        Shell meat, food consisting of shellfish, or testaceous mollusks.

        Shell mound. See under Mound.

        Shell of a boiler, the exterior of a steam boiler, forming a case to contain the water and steam, often inclosing also flues and the furnace; the barrel of a cylindrical, or locomotive, boiler.

        Shell road, a road of which the surface or bed is made of shells, as oyster shells.

        Shell sand, minute fragments of shells constituting a considerable part of the seabeach in some places.


Shell \Shell\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Shelled; p. pr. & vb. n. Shelling.]

  1. To strip or break off the shell of; to take out of the shell, pod, etc.; as, to shell nuts or pease; to shell oysters.

  2. To separate the kernels of (an ear of Indian corn, wheat, oats, etc.) from the cob, ear, or husk.

  3. To throw shells or bombs upon or into; to bombard; as, to shell a town.

    To shell out, to distribute freely; to bring out or pay, as money. [Colloq.]


Shell \Shell\, v. i.

  1. To fall off, as a shell, crust, etc.

  2. To cast the shell, or exterior covering; to fall out of the pod or husk; as, nuts shell in falling.

  3. To be disengaged from the ear or husk; as, wheat or rye shells in reaping.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1560s, "to remove (a nut, etc.) from a shell," from shell (n.). The meaning "to bombard with shells" is first attested 1856. To shell out "disburse" (1801) is a figurative use from the image of extracting nuts. Related: Shelled; shelling.


Old English sciell, scill, Anglian scell "seashell, eggshell," related to Old English scealu "shell, husk," from Proto-Germanic *skaljo "piece cut off; shell; scale" (cognates: West Frisian skyl "peel, rind," Middle Low German schelle "pod, rind, egg shell," Gothic skalja "tile"), with the shared notion of "covering that splits off," from PIE root *(s)kel- (1) "to cut, cleave" (cognates: Old Church Slavonic skolika "shell," Russian skala "bark, rind;" see scale (n.1)). Italian scaglia "chip" is from Germanic.\n

\nSense of "mere exterior" is from 1650s; that of "hollow framework" is from 1791. Meaning "structure for a band or orchestra" is attested from 1938. Military use (1640s) was first of hand grenades, in reference to the metal case in which the gunpowder and shot were mixed; the notion is of a "hollow object" filled with explosives. Hence shell shock, first recorded 1915. Shell game "a swindle" is from 1890, from a version of three-card monte played with a pea and walnut shells.


n. 1 A hard external covering of an animal. 2 # The calcareous or chitinous external covering of mollusks, crustaceans, and some other invertebrates. 3 # (context by extension English) Any mollusk having such a covering. 4 # (context entomology English) The exoskeleton or wing covers of certain insects. 5 # The conjoined scutes that comprise the "shell" (carapace) of a tortoise or turtle. 6 # The overlapping hard plates comprising the armor covering the armadillo's body. 7 The hard calcareous covering of a bird egg. 8 The hard external covering of various plant seed forms. 9 # The covering, or outside part, of a nut. 10 # A pod containing the seeds of certain plants, such as the legume ''Phaseolus vulgaris''. 11 # (context in the plural English) husk of cacao seeds, a decoction of which is sometimes used as a substitute or adulterant for cocoa and its products such as chocolate. 12 The accreted mineral formed around a hollow geode. 13 The casing of a self-contained single-unit artillery projectile. 14 A hollow usually spherical or cylindrical projectile fired from a siege mortar or a smoothbore cannon. It contains an explosive substance designed to be ignited by a fuse or by percussion at the target site so that it will burst and scattered at high velocity its contents and fragments. Formerly called a bomb. 15 The cartridge of a breechloading firearm; a load; a bullet; a round. 16 Any slight hollow structure; a framework, or exterior structure, regarded as not complete or filled in, as the '''shell''' of a house. 17 A garment, usually worn by women, such as a shirt, blouse, or top, with short sleeves or no sleeves, that often fastens in the rear. 18 A coarse or flimsy coffin; a thin interior coffin enclosed within a more substantial one. 19 (context music English) A string instrument, as a lyre, whose acoustical chamber is formed like a shell. 20 (context music English) The body of a drum; the often wooden, often cylindrical acoustic chamber, with or without rims added for tuning and for attaching the drum head. 21 An engraved copper roller used in print works. 22 (context nautical English) The watertight outer covering of the hull of a vessel, often made with planking or metal plating. 23 (context nautical rigging English) The outer frame or case of a block within which the sheaves revolve. 24 (context nautical English) A light boat whose frame is covered with thin wood, impermeable fabric, or water-proofed paper; a racing shell or dragon boat. 25 (context computing English) An operating system software user interface, whose primary purpose is to launch other programs and control their interactions; the user's command interpreter. 26 (context chemistry English) A set of atomic orbitals that have the same principal quantum number. 27 An emaciated person. 28 A psychological barrier to social interaction. 29 (context business English) A legal entity that has no operations. 30 A concave rough cast-iron tool in which a convex lens is grind to shape. 31 A gouge bit or shell bit. vb. 1 To remove the outer covering or shell of something. See sheller. 2 To bombard, to fire projectiles at, especially with artillery. 3 (context informal English) To disburse or give up money, to pay. (Often used with ''out''). 4 (context intransitive English) To fall off, as a shell, crust, etc. 5 (context intransitive English) To cast the shell, or exterior covering; to fall out of the pod or husk. 6 (context computing intransitive English) To switch to a shell or command line.

  1. n. ammunition consisting of a cylindrical metal casing containing an explosive charge and a projectile; fired from a large gun

  2. the material that forms the hard outer covering of many animals

  3. hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles [syn: carapace, cuticle]

  4. the hard usually fibrous outer layer of some fruits especially nuts

  5. the exterior covering of a bird's egg [syn: eggshell]

  6. a rigid covering that envelops an object; "the satellite is covered with a smooth shell of ice"

  7. a very light narrow racing boat [syn: racing shell]

  8. the housing or outer covering of something; "the clock has a walnut case" [syn: case, casing]

  9. a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners) [syn: plate, scale]

  10. the hard largely calcareous covering of a mollusc

  1. v. use explosives on; "The enemy has been shelling us all day" [syn: blast]

  2. fall out of the pod or husk; "The corn shelled"

  3. hit the pitches of hard and regularly; "He shelled the pitcher for eight runs in the first inning"

  4. look for and collect shells by the seashore

  5. come out better in a competition, race, or conflict; "Agassi beat Becker in the tennis championship"; "We beat the competition"; "Harvard defeated Yale in the last football game" [syn: beat, beat out, crush, trounce, vanquish]

  6. remove from its shell or outer covering; "shell the legumes"; "shell mussels"

  7. remove the husks from; "husk corn" [syn: husk]


Shell may refer to:

Shell (theater)

In theater, a shell (also known as an acoustical shell, choral shell or bandshell) is a curved, hard surface designed to reflect sound towards an audience.

Often shells are designed to be removable, either rolling away on wheels or flying into a flyspace. Shells are most commonly used for orchestras, bands and choirs, although they can also be used in any application that requires passive sound amplification. Shells are generally made of hard materials because they are designed to absorb as little sound as possible.

Shell (structure)

A shell is a type of structural element which is characterized by its geometry, being a three-dimensional solid whose thickness is very small when compared with other dimensions, and in structural terms, by the stress resultants calculated in the middle plane displaying components which are both coplanar and normal to the surface. Essentially, a shell can be derived from a plate by two means: by initially forming the middle surface as a singly or doubly curved surface, and by applying loads which are coplanar to a plate's plane which generate significant stresses.

Shell (film)

Shell is a 2012 independent Scottish drama film directed by Scott Graham. It stars Chloe Pirrie as Shell, a 17-year-old woman who lives and works at a petrol station in the remote Scottish Highlands. The film is a broader adaptation of a previous work by Scott Graham entitled with the same name released in 2007.

Shell (projectile)

A shell is a payload-carrying projectile which, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot (AP, APCR, APCNR, APDS, APFSDS and proof shot).Solid shot may contain a pyrotechnic compound if a tracer or spotting charge is used. Originally it was called a "bombshell", but "shell" has come to be unambiguous in a military context.

All explosive- and incendiary-filled projectiles, particularly for mortars, were originally called grenades, derived from the pomegranate, so called because the many-seeded fruit suggested the powder-filled, fragmenting bomb, or from the similarity of shape. Words cognate with grenade are still used for an artillery or mortar projectile in some European languages.

Shells are usually large-calibre projectiles fired by artillery and combat vehicles (including tanks), and warships.

Shells usually have the shape of a cylinder topped by an ogive-shaped nose for good aerodynamic performance, possibly with a tapering base; but some specialized types are quite different.

Shell (computing)

In computing, a shell is a user interface for access to an operating system's services. In general, operating system shells use either a command-line interface (CLI) or graphical user interface (GUI), depending on a computer's role and particular operation. It is named a shell because it is a layer around the operating system kernel.

The design of a shell is guided by cognitive ergonomics and the goal is to achieve the best workflow possible for the intended tasks; the design can be constricted by the available computing power (for example, of the GPU) or the available amount of graphics memory. The design of a shell is also dictated by the employed computer periphery, such as computer keyboard, pointing device (a mouse with one button, or one with five buttons, or a 3D mouse) or touchscreen, which is the direct human–machine interface.

CLI shells allow some operations to be performed faster, especially when a proper GUI has not been or cannot be created, however they require the user to memorize commands and their calling syntax, and to learn the shell-specific scripting language (for example bash script). CLIs are also easier to be operated via refreshable braille display and provide certain advantages to screen readers.

Graphical shells place a low burden on beginning computer users, and they are characterized as being simple and easy to use. With the widespread adoption of programs with GUIs, the use of graphical shells has gained greater adoption. Since graphical shells come with certain disadvantages (for example, lack of support for easy automation of operation sequences), most GUI-enabled operating systems also provide additional CLI shells.

Usage examples of "shell".

Her ship would have surrounded itself with an impermeable shell, one that induced a severe allergic reaction in other ships.

Hall, the lady mother of the infant, a jolly dame, who happened to be engaged in the shell fish line, took the allusion immediately to herself, and commenced such a furious attack upon the alderman as proved her having been regularly matriculated at the college in Thames Street.

Although these vessels lacked the large holds in which to carry bulky cargoes, they dealt in the goods of higher value: copper and gum arabic, pearls and mother-of-pearl shells from the Red Sea, ivory from the markets of Zanzibar, sapphires from the mines of Kandy, yellow diamonds from the alluvial field along the great rivers of the empire of the Moguls, and cakes of black opium from the mountains of the Pathans.

The British also conducted anthrax experiments during World War II, detonating explosive shells filled with anthrax spores on an island off the coast of Scotland.

Nor does smallpox have the ability to form spores, the hard shells that protect anthrax and botulism bacteria indefinitely in a state of suspended animation.

Like anthrax, the bacterium Clostridium botulinum forms a hard shell, called a spore, to protect itself when the environment turns inhospitable.

You got a better appreciation of the station, which is what the queen calls the whole shell, when you stood upon the transfer platform this morning.

Every now and then a nervous artilleryman fired a shell from the Yankee lines, and the round would thump into the trampled corn and explode.

A truck came once or twice a day to deliver new crates of nutro-powder and assorted color-flavor-textures, and to remove the expended shells.

Perry launched into a flow of the technicalities used in ordnance and ballistics, and described with sweeps of his hands what would happen to a shell unlucky enough to be constrained by an inversed-cube type acceleration.

She slid her hand into her valise and drew out the cloth bag that held her collection of shells, putting them one after another onto the dark drape of the cloak that covered her lap so she could touch the beguiling tropical contours.

Glad of the diversion, most of the audience turned to watch and listen to Benger sapping himself, but at that moment a shell exploded close by and they threw themselves flat.

The heads of state bestrode their four-humped camels on saddles carved from the inner shell of the great turtle that dwells in the ocean meadows, each to his own saddle -- for any arrangement more economical of seating-space had been deemed inappropriate to the dignity of the occasion.

A strand of hair blew into her eyes, and she brushed it back, looking up at the blackened shell of the single standing carillon tower, where the bitter wind blew wildly through the bells that had saved Navarne during the Sorbold assault.

For I do think that by me and thee and such a head of men of Demonland as we shall then command Owlswick gates may be brast open and Corsus plucked out of Owlswick like a whilk out of his shell.