Crossword clues for artillery
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Artillery \Ar*til"ler*y\, n. [OE. artilrie, OF. artillerie, arteillerie, fr. LL. artillaria, artilleria, machines and apparatus of all kinds used in war, vans laden with arms of any kind which follow camps; F. artillerie great guns, ordnance; OF. artillier to work artifice, to fortify, to arm, prob. from L. ars, artis, skill in joining something, art. See Art.]
Munitions of war; implements for warfare, as slings, bows, and arrows. [Obs.]
And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad.
--1 Sam. xx. 40.
Cannon; great guns; ordnance, including guns, mortars, howitzers, etc., with their equipment of carriages, balls, bombs, and shot of all kinds.
Note: The word is sometimes used in a more extended sense, including the powder, cartridges, matches, utensils, machines of all kinds, and horses, that belong to a train of artillery.
The men and officers of that branch of the army to which the care and management of artillery are confided.
The science of artillery or gunnery. --Campbell. Artillery park, or Park of artillery.
A collective body of siege or field artillery, including the guns, and the carriages, ammunition, appurtenances, equipments, and persons necessary for working them.
The place where the artillery is encamped or collected.
Artillery train, or Train of artillery, a number of pieces of ordnance mounted on carriages, with all their furniture, ready for marching.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
late 14c., "warlike munitions," from Anglo-French artillerie, Old French artillerie (14c.), from artillier "to provide with engines of war" (13c.), which probably is from Medieval Latin articulum "art, skill," diminutive of Latin ars (genitive artis) "art." But some would connect it with Latin articulum "joint," and still others with Old French atillier "to equip," altered by influence of arte. Sense of "engines for discharging missiles" (catapults, slings, bows, etc.) is from late 15c.; that of "ordnance, large guns" is from 1530s.
n. 1 Large cannon-like weapons, transportable and usually operated by more than one person. 2 An army unit that uses such weapons. 3 gunnery.
Artillery is a Danish thrash metal band. They participated in the early development of the genre, and their highly energetic, riff-centric and often fast-paced music is similar in style to that of Voivod, Coroner, Megadeth and Sabbat from the same era. After releasing three full-length albums and touring extensively throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, Artillery disbanded in 1991, but reunited seven years later, only to disband once again in 2000. However, they reformed again in 2007 and are still together today.
Artillery refers to any engine used for the discharge of large projectiles during war.
Artillery may also refer to:
- Naval artillery, referring to any engine used for the discharge of large projectiles from ships
- Artillery (computer game), a loosely defined subgenre of turn-based strategy computer and video games
- Artillery (band), a Danish thrash metal band
- Artillery, a song by Infected Mushroom
- Artillery (magazine), an American contemporary art magazine
Artillery is an American contemporary art magazine based in Los Angeles. Features and exhibition reviews are often L.A. centric, yet increasingly dedicated to coverage of the arts worldwide, with contributors based in New York, San Francisco, Dallas, Berlin and London. The bi-monthly publication is available in both print and web editions. The print version is distributed and for sale via subscription and can also be found in bookstores, museum shops, art galleries and other locations. Print circulation is currently at about 50,000 with a readership of about 35,000. Artillery also hosts public events such as live debates, poetry readings and book signings in major cities as well as at art fairs.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms. Early artillery development focused on the ability to breach fortifications, and led to heavy, fairly immobile siege engines. As technology improved, lighter, more mobile field artillery developed for battlefield use. This development continues today; modern self-propelled artillery vehicles are highly mobile weapons of great versatility providing the largest share of an army's total firepower.
In its earliest sense, the word artillery referred to any group of soldiers primarily armed with some form of manufactured weapon or armour. Since the introduction of gunpowder and cannon, the word "artillery" has largely meant cannon, and in contemporary usage, it usually refers to shell-firing guns, howitzers, mortars, rockets and guided missiles. In common speech, the word artillery is often used to refer to individual devices, along with their accessories and fittings, although these assemblages are more properly called "equipments". However, there is no generally recognised generic term for a gun, howitzer, mortar, and so forth: the United States uses "artillery piece", but most English-speaking armies use "gun" and "mortar". The projectiles fired are typically either "shot" (if solid) or "shell" (if not). "Shell" is a widely used generic term for a projectile, which is a component of munitions.
By association, artillery may also refer to the arm of service that customarily operates such engines. In some armies one arm has operated field, coast, anti-aircraft artillery and some anti-tank artillery, in others these have been separate arms and in some nations coast has been a naval or marine responsibility. In the 20th Century technology based target acquisition devices, such as radar, and systems, such as sound ranging and flash spotting, emerged to acquire targets, primarily for artillery. These are usually operated by one or more of the artillery arms. The widespread adoption of indirect fire in the early 20th century introduced the need for specialist data for field artillery, notably survey and meteorological, in some armies provision of these are the responsibility of the artillery arm.
Artillery originated for use against ground targets—against infantry, cavalry and other artillery. An early specialist development was coastal artillery for use against enemy ships. The early 20th Century saw the development of a new class of artillery for use against aircraft: anti-aircraft guns.
Artillery is arguably the most lethal form of land-based armament currently employed, and has been since at least the early Industrial Revolution. The majority of combat deaths in the Napoleonic Wars, World War I, and World War II were caused by artillery. In 1944, Joseph Stalin said in a speech that artillery was "the God of War".
Usage examples of "artillery".
The Allied air forces swept on to the crowded Germans within the long and narrow pocket, and with the artillery inflicted fearful slaughter.
The Minister of War, in a barrack-square allocution to the officers of the artillery regiment he had been inspecting, had declared the national honour sold to foreigners.
Actually assigning troops, reducing number of divisions, filling to strength, adding weapons, and attaching artillery.
Chambersburg only two days when Scott ordered him to wait until some regular infantrymen and several batteries of artillery reached him to give spine to his volunteers.
The general was vainly searching for two batteries of artillery he had thought were shortly to arrive.
Once a division received its supplies, the food had to be divided among the brigades, then further separated and sent to the regiments and artillery batteries and cavalry units.
Soon Federal artillery batteries would be crossing over to this side, and so would wagons with important ammunition and provisions, and ambulances to carry back the wounded.
In his official report General Buller states that were it not for the action of Colonel Long and the subsequent disaster to the artillery he thought that the battle might have been a successful one.
In the beginning history says that Burgrave Frederick tried all the arts of peace, but it was only with the army of Franks and some artillery that he was able to batter down the castles of the robber lords and bring order into Brandenburg.
The second man, an ordnance officer at the proving ground, had spectacularly committed suicide by exploding an atomic artillery shell, vaporizing himself and certain key comrades including his superior officer.
At last, after exposing his person in the most perilous situations, his Prussian majesty drew off his forces from the field of battle, retiring in such good order, in sight of the enemy, as prevented a pursuit, or the loss of his artillery and baggage.
Lead them by the nose, then corral them and pound them with machine guns, manjacks and artillery.
His popularity might have been because he taught in an informal manner, often relating anecdotes and digressing into such topics as astronomy, meteorology, geology, biology, and agronomy, even balloon navigation and the use of artillery.
Bourne cursed again though the artillery was friendly, the guns trying to forestall Molt snipers by pulverizing a site to which they could easily teleport.
Garde Nationale, the Butte Montmartre, to demand the surrender of the artillery pieces that now studded it from top to bottom.