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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
dismiss/sack an employee (=stop employing them because they have behaved badly or broken a rule)
▪ Seven employees were dismissed for misconduct.
sack race
▪ Paul's guide to this mighty sauce is three large refuse sacks of breadcrumbs to 60 pints of milk.
▪ The bivvy bag can be stored in a separate compartment at the base of the larger compression sack.
▪ A couple of inmates were picking up leaves from around the graves, sweeping them into a large black sack.
▪ Setting up John retained all the filer media from the old pond in large sacks.
▪ They wrapped old sacks round themselves to keep out the cold.
▪ A door at the back of the barn opened, and Dad emerged, carrying an old burlap grain sack.
▪ It was an old plastic sack, probably used by a farmer and left outside to blow away.
▪ The huge old canvas sack on a chain looked like a real-life victim of a game of hangman.
▪ A return to the old plastic sack would presumably produce an equally instant reduction.
▪ They slept on piles of old sacks in the disused pigsty, had long beards and staffs, and went barefoot.
▪ Off I go; just an old sack chucked on the horse's back, no saddle or anything.
▪ On Polly's other chair was a big plastic sack of fertilizer.
▪ Most plastic sacks contain only 5 percent recycled content.
▪ Another reason is, plastic sacks are commonly contaminated by trash, such as paper and metal cans stuck inside.
▪ A plastic sack costs less than 2 cents.
▪ If everyone used plastic sacks, that would save Randalls about $ 3 million a year.
▪ We took our paper sacks to the parking lot.
▪ When I offered to carry her sack she waved me aside.
▪ The men were wearing dark green clothes and one was carrying a white sack.
▪ An old wino had stopped a young man in his late teens who was carrying a huge sack of groceries.
▪ It was smooth and round but he carried it like a sack.
▪ I grubbed for whole ones, baby skulls to fill my sack again and again.
▪ He loaded them into Carey's shirtfront, filling it like a sack.
▪ There is a cave in the mountains, filled with sacks of gold and bushels of jewellery.
▪ The point is, people don't get the sack on this paper.
▪ He wants more than anything to get the sack, to make the big play.
▪ Basil got the sack and next we heard Basil was trying to capture Rommel with Lord Lovatt's son.
▪ He always stopped and would try to get me in the sack again.
▪ The rumour was that Peace was told he would get the sack, if he dared to criticize Andrew's conduct again.
▪ He'd never thought how she got the sacks out of her car.
▪ They checked with the firm and they said they didn't repair it, so he got the sack.
▪ And despite giving up five sacks to Seattle, the offensive line has been a pleasant surprise.
▪ Reporter: How did you give up that sack?
▪ He comes back two weeks later saying that he has been given the sack.
▪ Your husband needs to relax before he hits the sack.
▪ When they do, they hit the sack for marathon love-making sessions - that's once Bill's made the bed!
▪ Then the two cups of decaff before you hit the sack.
▪ The young man was putting his grocery sack on the sidewalk.
▪ I think I was wearing a sweatshirt when the bagger put them in my sack.
▪ They were put in canvas sacks and taken to the church in Godstowe for burial.
▪ He put them in the sack.
▪ After checking to see that no hairpins were missing, Mr and Mrs Kim-Soon experimented by putting in a sack of lentils.
hit the sack
▪ I'm bushed. I think I'll hit the hay.
▪ I'm ready to hit the sack.
▪ Usually I come home, eat dinner, watch a little TV, and then hit the sack by 9:30 or 10:00.
▪ Then the two cups of decaff before you hit the sack.
▪ When they do, they hit the sack for marathon love-making sessions - that's once Bill's made the bed!
▪ Your husband needs to relax before he hits the sack.
▪ a sack of groceries
▪ a brown paper sack
▪ Doleman is tied for the team lead in sacks with three.
▪ In six games against the team, he has recorded 14 tackles, four quarterback sacks and knocked down a pass.
▪ She held Janir in her arms, but loosely, like a sack of wheat about to be spilled.
▪ Somewhere among all these trees the Friar was in pursuit of his sack, not knowing that the sack was on Marian's shoulder.
▪ The corpses are carried out on pallets, the drop cloths and sacks removed and folded for use next time.
▪ The Kat was then bundled up in a sack by the Right to Censor and taken away.
▪ The van was capacious and he decided to fill up the space with a couple of sacks of fuel.
▪ They wrapped old sacks round themselves to keep out the cold.
▪ The Brooklyn Museum sacked employees, cancelled exhibitions, and closed one extra day a week.
▪ For this purpose the employer must show that he had a good reason for sacking the employee.
▪ It would be fair to sack the employee as incompetent or for being dishonest.
▪ The tribunal has to consider whether the employer acted reasonably in deciding to sack the employee.
▪ Read in studio A woman with leukaemia says she's been sacked from her job as a secretary because of her illness.
▪ Miss Haywood, 32, claims she was sacked from her £9,000-a-year job in January for rejecting Mr Pointer.
▪ He was sacked from every other job for theft, harassment of female staff or vandalism.
▪ Frak was sacked from her job at Ashbury Lodge before she was convicted.
▪ They should sack the bloody manager.
▪ It is always a dodgy business, sacking a manager or calling for his sacking.
▪ Mrs Thatcher duly sacked the junior minister, space enthusiast Geoffrey Pattie.
▪ When Mr Putin sacked the energy minister, Mr Chubais was sternly reprimanded.
▪ Labour's strongest challenger, the sacked Cabinet minister David Clark, managed only 192 votes to the winner's 257.
▪ Their sacking came on June 20, soon after the president had also sacked an unpopular minister of defense.
▪ A lot of Tories wanted John Patten out of education, but even tough leaders do not sack ministers in mid-crisis.
▪ Will he sack the Minister concerned?
▪ Their sacking came on June 20, soon after the president had also sacked an unpopular minister of defense.
▪ In theory, he sacked thousands of staff.
▪ Thames has sacked 300 staff, Central 600.
▪ When competition enters, cutting costs invariably means sacking staff, sometimes to a drastic extent.
▪ Enterprises have sacked workers and are running at much less than their full capacity.
▪ Sinking Receivers at Swan Hunter, a Tyneside shipbuilder, sacked 420 workers.
▪ The invaders sacked Delphi and founded Galatia.
▪ Because you sacked Jim, how dare you do it?
▪ Either Peter would sack me, or I would improve.
▪ Four years later Brian and Mike, a technician and a linguist were among fourteen sacked for refusing to do so.
▪ Hundreds sacked in the credit card war.
▪ I told you to sack Wally before I left, he said.
▪ Perhaps, as Clement Attlee once said of a minister he was sacking, they are simply not up to the job.
▪ Thousands of children were sacked, many of whom then found work in more dangerous industries.
▪ Why sack everything, why go for the total wipeout?
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Sack \Sack\, n. [F. sac plunder, pillage, originally, a pack, packet, booty packed up, fr. L. saccus. See Sack a bag.] The pillage or plunder, as of a town or city; the storm and plunder of a town; devastation; ravage.

The town was stormed, and delivered up to sack, -- by which phrase is to be understood the perpetration of all those outrages which the ruthless code of war allowed, in that age, on the persons and property of the defenseless inhabitants, without regard to sex or age.


Sack \Sack\, v. t.

  1. To put in a sack; to bag; as, to sack corn.

    Bolsters sacked in cloth, blue and crimson.
    --L. Wallace.

  2. To bear or carry in a sack upon the back or the shoulders.


Sack \Sack\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sacked; p. pr. & vb. n. Sacking.] [See Sack pillage.] To plunder or pillage, as a town or city; to devastate; to ravage.

The Romans lay under the apprehensions of seeing their city sacked by a barbarous enemy.


Sack \Sack\ (s[a^]k), n. [OE. seck, F. sec dry (cf. Sp. seco, It. secco), from L. siccus dry, harsh; perhaps akin to Gr. 'ischno`s, Skr. sikata sand, Ir. sesc dry, W. hysp. Cf. Desiccate.] A name formerly given to various dry Spanish wines. ``Sherris sack.''

Sack posset, a posset made of sack, and some other ingredients.


Sack \Sack\, n. [OE. sak, sek, AS. sacc, s[ae]cc, L. saccus, Gr. sa`kkos from Heb. sak; cf. F. sac, from the Latin. Cf. Sac, Satchel, Sack to plunder.]

  1. A bag for holding and carrying goods of any kind; a receptacle made of some kind of pliable material, as cloth, leather, and the like; a large pouch.

  2. A measure of varying capacity, according to local usage and the substance. The American sack of salt is 215 pounds; the sack of wheat, two bushels.

  3. [Perhaps a different word.] Originally, a loosely hanging garment for women, worn like a cloak about the shoulders, and serving as a decorative appendage to the gown; now, an outer garment with sleeves, worn by women; as, a dressing sack. [Written also sacque.]

  4. A sack coat; a kind of coat worn by men, and extending from top to bottom without a cross seam.

  5. (Biol.) See 2d Sac, 2.

  6. Bed. [Colloq.]

    Sack bearer (Zo["o]l.). See Basket worm, under Basket.

    Sack tree (Bot.), an East Indian tree ( Antiaris saccidora) which is cut into lengths, and made into sacks by turning the bark inside out, and leaving a slice of the wood for a bottom.

    To give the sack to or get the sack, to discharge, or be discharged, from employment; to jilt, or be jilted.

    To hit the sack, to go to bed. [Slang]

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"a dismissal from work," 1825, from sack (n.1), perhaps from the notion of the worker going off with his tools in a bag; the original formula was to give (someone) the sack. It is attested earlier in French (on luy a donné son sac, 17c.) and Dutch (iemand de zak geven).


"sherry," 1530s, alteration of French vin sec "dry wine," from Latin siccus "dry" (see siccative).


"to plunder," 1540s, from Middle French sac, in the phrase mettre à sac "put it in a bag," a military leader's command to his troops to plunder a city (parallel to Italian sacco, with the same range of meaning), from Vulgar Latin *saccare "to plunder," originally "to put plundered things into a sack," from Latin saccus "bag" (see sack (n.1)). The notion is probably of putting booty in a bag.


"plunder; act of plundering, the plundering of a city or town after storming and capture," 1540s, from French sac "pillage, plunder," from Italian sacco (see sack (v.1)).


"large bag," Old English sacc (West Saxon), sec (Mercian), sæc (Old Kentish) "large cloth bag," also "sackcloth," from Proto-Germanic *sakkiz (cognates: Middle Dutch sak, Old High German sac, Old Norse sekkr, but Gothic sakkus probably is directly from Greek), an early borrowing from Latin saccus (also source of Old French sac, Spanish saco, Italian sacco), from Greek sakkos, from Semitic (compare Hebrew saq "sack").\n

\nThe wide spread of the word is probably due to the Biblical story of Joseph, in which a sack of corn figures (Gen. xliv). Baseball slang sense of "a base" is attested from 1913. Slang meaning "bunk, bed" is from 1825, originally nautical. The verb meaning "go to bed" is recorded from 1946. Sack race attested from 1805.


"put in a bag," late 14c., from sack (n.1). Related: Sacked; sacking.


type of U.S. football play, 1969, from sack (v.1) in the sense of "to plunder" or sack (v.2) on the notion of "put in a bag." As a noun from 1972.


"dismiss from work," 1841, from sack (n.2). Related: Sacked; sacking.


Etymology 1 n. 1 A bag; especially a large bag of strong, coarse material for storage and handling of various commodity, such as potatoes, coal, coffee; or, a bag with handles used at a supermarket, a grocery sack; or, a small bag for small items, a satchel. 2 The amount a sack holds; also, an archaic or historical measure of varying capacity, depending on commodity type and according to local usage; an old English measure of weight, usually of wool, equal to 13 stone (182 pounds), or in other sources, 26 stone (364 pounds). 3 (context uncountable English) The plunder and pillage of a captured town or city. 4 (context uncountable English) loot or booty obtained by pillage. 5 (context American football English) A successful tackle of the quarterback. ''See verb sense3 below''. 6 (context baseball English) One of the square bases anchored at first base, second base, or third base. 7 (context informal English) Dismissal from employment, or discharge from a position, usually as '''give (someone) the sack''' or '''get the sack'''. ''See verb sense4 below.'' 8 (context colloquial US English) bed; usually as '''hit the sack''' or '''in the sack'''. ''See also'' '''sack out'''. 9 (context dated English) (also '''sacque''') A kind of loose-fitting gown or dress with sleeves which hangs from the shoulders, such as a gown with a http://en.wikipedi

  1. org/wiki/1700-1750_in_fashion%23Women.27s_fashion or, fashionable in the late 17th to 18th century; or, formerly, a loose-fitting hip-length jacket, cloak or cape. 10 (context dated English) A sack coat; a kind of coat worn by men, and extending from top to bottom without a cross seam. 11 (context vulgar slang English) The scrotum. v

  2. 1 To put in a sack or sacks. 2 To bear or carry in a sack upon the back or the shoulders. 3 To plunder or pillage, especially after capture; to obtain spoils of war from. 4 (context American football English) To tackle, usually to tackle the offensive quarterback behind the line of scrimmage before he is able to throw a pass. 5 (context informal English) To discharge from a job or position; to fire. 6 (context colloquial English) In the phrase '''sack out''', to fall asleep. ''See also'' '''hit the sack'''. Etymology 2

    n. (context dated English) A variety of light-colored dry wine from Spain or the Canary Islands; also, any strong white wine from southern Europe; sherry. Etymology 3

    n. {{alternative spelling of|(l en sac id=sacrifice n)|lang=en}} vb. {{alternative spelling of|(l en sac id=sacrifice v)|lang=en}}

  1. v. plunder (a town) after capture; "the barbarians sacked Rome" [syn: plunder]

  2. terminate the employment of; "The boss fired his secretary today"; "The company terminated 25% of its workers" [syn: fire, give notice, can, dismiss, give the axe, send away, force out, give the sack, terminate] [ant: hire]

  3. make as a net profit; "The company cleared $1 million" [syn: net, sack up, clear]

  4. put in a sack; "The grocer sacked the onions"

  1. n. a bag made of paper or plastic for holding customer's purchases [syn: poke, paper bag, carrier bag]

  2. an enclosed space; "the trapped miners found a pocket of air" [syn: pouch, sac, pocket]

  3. the quantity contained in a sack [syn: sackful]

  4. any of various light dry strong white wine from Spain and Canary Islands (including sherry)

  5. a woman's full loose hiplength jacket [syn: sacque]

  6. a hanging bed of canvas or rope netting (usually suspended between two trees); swing easily [syn: hammock]

  7. a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders without a waist [syn: chemise, shift]

  8. the plundering of a place by an army or mob; usually involves destruction and slaughter; "the sack of Rome"

  9. the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart) [syn: dismissal, dismission, discharge, firing, liberation, release, sacking]


Sack may refer to:

  • Sack, a slack bag without handles
    • Money sack
    • Stuff sack
    • Gunny sack
  • Ball sack, slang for scrotum
  • Selective acknowledgement (SACK), in computer networking
  • Sack, an obsolete Middle Age measurement of weight in England equivalent to 26 stone
    • Sack, more recently used as a unit of dry measure, equivalent to three bushels
  • Quarterback sack, a tackle of the quarterback behind the line of scrimmage in American and Canadian football
  • Sack (band), an Irish band
  • Sack (comics), a Marvel Comics villain
  • Sack (surname), a surname
  • Sack (wine), a type of white fortified wine
  • Sack, a sweet form of mead (wine)
  • Sack, Zurich, a village in the Swiss canton of Zurich
  • Bed
    • Sleeping bag
  • Sackcloth (Hebrew sak), a garment of mourning or humility mentioned frequently in the Bible
  • Dismissal (employment), dismiss/fire/terminate an employee from a job
  • Ransack, the indiscriminate taking of goods by force
Sack (band)

Sack is a five-piece Irish band, based in Dublin. To date the band has released three albums: You Are What You Eat, Butterfly Effect and Adventura Majestica. The band formed after the demise of Lord John White.

Their first single "What Did The Christians Ever Do For Us?" was single of the week in both the NME and Melody Maker. They have supported Morrissey on two tours taking in mainland Europe, the UK and Ireland and the United States and supported the likes of The Fall, Boo Radleys among others. They have gigged sporadically in recent years and are planning to record new material.

The band describe their sound as "Frank Sinatra fronting the Pixies".

The band appeared on the Morrissey-endorsed NME CD Songs to Save Your Life, while "Laughter Lines" appeared on the soundtrack to the movie Carrie 2: The Rage.

Sack (surname)

Sack is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

  • Brian Sack, American actor and humorist
  • Erna Sack, German opera singer (soprano)
  • John Sack, American journalist
  • Karl Sack, (1896-1946), German jurist and member of the anti-Nazi resistance movement in World War II
  • Peter Sack, German shot putter
  • Robert D. Sack, American judge
  • Robert L. Sack, American physician
  • Steve Sack, American editorial cartoonist

Fictional characters:

  • Johnny Sack, character in The Sopranos
Sack (unit)

The sack (abbreviation: sck.) was an English unit of weight or mass used for coal and wool.

Sack (wine)

Sack is an antiquated wine term referring to white fortified wine imported from mainland Spain or the Canary Islands. There was sack of different origins such as:

  • Canary sack from the Canary Islands,
  • Malaga sack from Málaga,
  • Palm sack from Palma de Mallorca, and
  • Sherris sack from Jerez de la Frontera

The term Sherris sack later gave way to sherry as the English term for fortified wine from Jerez. Since sherry is practically the only one of these wines still widely exported and consumed, "sack" (by itself, without qualifier) is commonly but not quite correctly quoted as an old synonym for sherry.

Most sack was probably sweet, and matured in wooden barrels for a limited time. In modern terms, typical sack may have resembled cheaper versions of medium Oloroso sherry.

Today, sack is sometimes seen included in the name of some sherries, perhaps most commonly as the Williams & Humbert brand "Dry Sack".

Usage examples of "sack".

The only furniture was a rickety angareb covered with coarse sacking in which numerous blood-sucking insects had already set up home.

The sergeant was in mufti, a sack suit in windowpane check of a color that brought out the spider angioma on the side of his nose.

The sorcerer pulled the blue velvet sack of kaokao leaves from his belt and tossed it to Ath, who caught it neatly in one hand.

Bellis felt faintly dismayed by exhaustion when she sat with Tanner Sack and the other engineers in the afternoon, but Aum continued without apparent difficulty, shifting his attention from the conceptual problems and philosophy of the avancs to practical issues of bait, and control, and capture of something the size of an island.

After a while, too, the word got around among the women that all the aviator major wanted was somebody in his sack, and that marriage was the last thing on his mind.

This weeks message was nothing unusual, to the Kingpriests disappointment The banditry in the hills continued, the robbers sacking occasional caravans that dared to break the ban he had placed on trade with the Taoli.

They were intoxicated by his wealth and power: his treasury, the Beit el Mai, held gold, jewels and millions in specie, the spoils of his conquests and the sack of the principal cities of the Nile.

For weeks Claude worked hard at a study of some lightermen unloading a cargo of plaster, carrying white sacks on their shoulders, leaving a white pathway behind them, and bepowdered with white themselves, whilst hard by the coal removed from another barge had stained the waterside with a huge inky smear.

This did not, however, include certain important sums of money, not reckoned in the estate and already tied up in sacks in the vaults of the Capitol, which had been set aside as particular bequests to confederate kings, to senators and knights, to his soldiers, and to the citizens of Rome.

It contained a biochem suit, a blanket, a canvas tarpaulin, a sack, and some cord.

I am for biogenetic donation, so there is no need for the uterine sack inside myself.

Kitels that the Birts fled for safety at the burning and sacking of Deorhyst by Sweyne, and it was by their aid that our family reclaimed some hides of forest land within a short distance of Pendyke and established a settlement, to which they gave the name of Birtsmereton, or the ton or village where the Birts settled close upon the borders of a great mere or moor-land swamp.

The last two scouts worked at pitching their bedrolls and bivvy sacks in the shadowline of the trees.

Like a sack of grain she landed atop the crossbowman, who bleated and tried to jump aside.

And pointing to the wattle, he flung his sacks down only a few inches from Blinky and his mother.