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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a coal/wood/log fire
▪ There was a coal fire in the sitting room.
a rail/coal/postal etc strike (=affecting the rail/coal etc industry)
▪ A rail strike would cause enormous public inconvenience.
coal bunker
coal cellar
coal gas
coal hole
coal mine
coal scuttle
coal tar
▪ coal tar soap
coal/gold etc miner
▪ a strike by coal miners
coal/gold etc mining
▪ the coal mining industry
coal/gold/copper etc mine
▪ one of the largest coal mines in the country
oil/coal/food imports
▪ The country is dependent on oil imports for almost all its basic energy needs.
seam of coal/iron etc
the coal/car/textile etc industry
▪ The town was very dependant on the car industry.
▪ Then as if the whole world had hunched over to block out the sun, the sky becomes as black as coal.
▪ Smoke poured from the central chimney, the rich, black coal smoke from the furnace.
▪ The second meeting I had toast from her, burnt black as coal under lavish butter.
▪ Wilson had grown up black with coal dust.
▪ He was kneeling before the fire, his hands and face black with coal dust.
▪ They merely pave the way for an increasing proportion of those emissions to come from the burning of imported coal.
▪ Of course you'd expect to find fly ash at any period since people began burning coal in quantity.
▪ Thermal stations burning coal, oil or nuclear fuel work 24 hours a day and their output is less easy to adjust.
▪ And burning coal, of course, produces, carbon dioxide as well as sulphur dioxide.
▪ It was hung with pots and pans, and a huge range was slowly burning coal.
▪ From a range of six, from leading d-i-y stores Left: Suitable for burning wood or coal, the Dovre 2000.
▪ After that, he ignored the hand and massaged Bobby's arm until he felt the sensation of burning coals.
▪ Startled, she turned to discover the dark-haired woman glaring at her through eyes that were like burning coals.
▪ They will gain from the ability to buy cheap imported coal in coming years.
▪ But miners say that the continuing importation of cheap foreign coal is helping to put their jobs on the scrap heap.
▪ The clean coal project, he said, was to have a five-year timetable to replace the original 10-year timescale.
▪ We have invested in clean coal technology to safeguard the environment.
▪ I simply say that it is fairly obvious that Britain could have taken the lead in clean coal technology.
▪ It was our shovelful of hot coals for the brazier.
▪ Add a few hot coals after 30 minutes to maintain even heat.
▪ Selma arrived escorting two braziers, one to keep the coffee pots hot and another for hot coals for the incense pots.
▪ That would explain why Clemson's football recruits can walk on hot coals....
▪ Throw a few twigs of rosemary, fennel or lavender on to hot coals for extra fragrance.
▪ Cook for 25 minutes over hot wood coals, about 18 inches from coals.
▪ I'd have walked across hot coals for my grandfather.
▪ The sausages are also excellent grilled over hot coals.
▪ The £10,000 scheme has lifted spirits at the school which is close to imported coal mountains at Gladstone Dock.
▪ They merely pave the way for an increasing proportion of those emissions to come from the burning of imported coal.
▪ The threat to coal jobs has been much more from gas than from imported coal.
▪ They will gain from the ability to buy cheap imported coal in coming years.
▪ What is more, 20 million tonnes of imported coal means another £1,000 million added to the balance of payments deficit.
▪ If it is not straw, it is imported coal from foreign lands.
▪ The imported coal is heavily subsidised, as we have said many times in the House.
▪ We are determined to ensure the development of the largest possible economic coal industry that the market can support.
▪ Almost all large modern coal fired boilers utilize pulverized coal because pulverized coal burns approximately like oil or gas.
▪ But despite those structural changes, there will continue to be a large market for coal.
▪ Cerrejon is the second largest open pit coal mine in the world.
▪ Social and environmental costs Much has been written on the social and environmental costs of opencast coal.
▪ This is mainly opencast coal and even its continuance is in doubt.
▪ Mr. Walker: In making decisions about opencast coal applications, one must consider carefully both the short-term and long-term environmental implications.
▪ We will reverse the present planning presumption in favour of opencast coal mining and give top priority to local people and their environment.
▪ In the backyards were the brick wash-houses and the coal bunkers.
▪ They often drag down members of their family into their coal cellar of degradation as they fuel the fires of self destruction.
▪ Wes's greatest triumph was undoubtedly the time he removed the grating from the coal cellar outside Skeldale House.
▪ Otherwise the attic or the coal cellar had to suffice, but concealment had been the fashion.
▪ I had lights put in the coal cellar and wash house too while he was at it.
▪ It might seem a bit like looking for a black cat in a coal cellar.
▪ The blast, 610m below ground, is thought to have been caused by a mix of coal dust and methane gas.
▪ Though it is not yet the coal regions, the trees feel darkened by coal dust.
▪ Jeff even carried out trial runs using rockets stuffed with coal dust.
▪ Wilson had grown up black with coal dust.
▪ Campaigners claim deposits of coal dust released into the atmosphere are a health hazard and a nuisance.
▪ His face was still covered in coal dust and he looked anything but a gent.
▪ For some of the women, selling the coal dust provides their only income to feed their families.
▪ A lever lid tin was used to heat coal dust, using a spirit burner.
▪ Like oil, gas and coal fields, peat bogs act as vast carbon stores.
▪ We do know that most coal fields began life as swamps about 300 million years ago in the Carboniferous period.
▪ This is, after all, the last working pit on the vast Lancashire coal field.
▪ North Shields became the export base for much of the South East Northumberland coal field.
▪ If Serpell went through, not a single power station would be linked to a coal field in Great Britain.
▪ Much of the peripheral area is former coal field rather than rural.
▪ Geographically this runs from South Northumberland to Cleveland and extends inland to include all the coal field and former coal field areas.
▪ Raffles A lounge cellar bar with a relaxed atmosphere and a real coal fire.
▪ A coal fire made the room stuffy, the way he liked it.
▪ The office was a 2-bedroomed bungalow with a coal fire in the grate!
▪ The coal fire burned steadily away in the grate.
▪ It had central heating, a rarity in the experience of people like us who depended on open coal fires.
▪ Check the ventilation in each room, particularly if there are gas or coal fires.
▪ My neighbour's house is the only one in a block of seven with a coal fire.
▪ Other times we burn it either on the coal fire or garden bonfire and that produces ash and gases.
▪ Meanwhile the manager had started to put coal gas into the other, oxygen, bag.
▪ And the smell of coal gas forces residents to wear make-shift masks.
▪ I vividly recall the smell of damp wool and coal gas, which was unlike anything I'd experienced before.
▪ He was also first in his use of coal gas for train lighting in 1862.
▪ It was also while Murdock was living in Redruth that he started his experiments with coal gas.
▪ He was also the first person to use coal gas for lighting purposes.
▪ Murdock's investigations of coal gas were a direct result of his search for materials to preserve the bottom of ships.
▪ In the public sector, the coal industry and the whole sphere of public administration and defence both appear.
▪ That is how it dismisses the coal industry.
▪ However, they use it as a weapon to bash the coal industry.
▪ I do not believe that there is a quick fix for the coal industry.
▪ Indeed, the coal industry as a whole would be put at risk through premature shutdown of the opencast sector.
▪ There is a large degree of uncertainty about the extent to which women worked underground in the eighteenth-century coal industry.
▪ Of course, the coal industry faces real challenges - environmentally, for instance.
▪ The 13 coal merchants and some of the 12 corn and seed merchants no doubt operated from the wharf.
▪ Other services provided by Co-operative societies include undertakers, coal merchants and opticians.
▪ The worst was a coal merchant.
▪ While doing this he gave a wonderful imitation of his coal merchant and his wife.
▪ Take an example: Mrs. Jones telephones her coal merchant asking him to deliver six bags of coal.
▪ If you use solid fuel many approved coal merchants provide budget schemes and supply small quantities.
▪ The cleft stick plight which is his current political position is displayed most vividly over Mr Heseltine's coal mine dilemma.
▪ The cars are usually air-conditioned, but the platforms are as comfy as coal mines.
▪ Thus most power stations are built alongside rivers, canals or the sea, while some are also adjacent to coal mines.
▪ He was scarcely out of school before he had patented a rock-boring machine for coal mines.
▪ Further risks are the increase in diesel fumes, back injuries, dermatitis and stress-related problems - all increasing in coal mines.
▪ Instead you want to work in the coal mines with the rest of them.
▪ A supreme baseliner, he approached the net about as frequently as Michael Heseltine visits a coal mine.
▪ Cerrejon is the second largest open pit coal mine in the world.
▪ K Thousands of coal miners marched through central London to protest at the Government's bungled pit closures.
▪ Government and industry are behind by some $ 4 billion in paying workers, from coal miners to teachers.
▪ The Government's prime motivation is to carry out an act of revenge on coal miners and coal mining communities.
▪ A total of 1272 men from the general population and 2099 retired coal miners aged 50-75 years took part in the study.
▪ Not only that, the coal miners throughout the Soviet Union went on strike.
▪ What problems are there for the coal miners?
▪ I wanted to be a coal miner, and that was a serious ambition, too.
▪ Mr. Leigh I agree with the hon. Gentleman to this extent - that the coal mining areas need this money.
▪ The excess mortality was attributed to coal mining and the extensive use of soft coal in the mining areas.
▪ The authors thus concluded that the excess mortality noted for gastric cancer was probably related to socioeconomic class rather than coal mining.
▪ Who introduced a Bill - long overdue - to deal with the coal mining subsidence problem?
▪ The Bari lands are also threatened by coal mining, and national oil company Maraven has begun seismic tests in the area.
▪ We want these moneys to go to the coal mining areas, many of which are represented by Labour Members.
▪ The Government must be reminded that the average age of the labour force in the coal mining industry is about 30 years.
▪ The line was once a mineral extraction route constructed mainly for coal mining in the area.
▪ The subsidiary threat of a sudden rise in coal prices also made little sense in 1989.
▪ Not only is production expanding rapidly as foreign mining outfits plunge in, world coal prices have been rising.
▪ In view of the importance of coal prices we have examined Possible trends in coal prices in another way.
▪ But this could soon be the more familiar face of coal production in Gloucestershire.
▪ When was the peak period for coal production?
▪ The sedimentary rocks, with their coal seams, have been folded and faulted.
▪ Table 3. 2 provides individual estimate for gaseous coal seams with the geometric mean used wherever a wide spread is given.
▪ The buried trees became coal seams and the mud and sands turned to shale and sandstone.
▪ Claystones and siltstones containing finely dispersed coaly matter are considered to be good sources - besides many coal seams.
▪ He proposes that the coal seams should be worked in the advance.
▪ Beneath them the coal seams are buried and preserved for our miners today.
▪ They plan to pump a suspension of catalysts in steam and air or hydrogen, down into a coal seam.
▪ A new family shampoo comes by way of Cuticura Medicated Shampoo, with an original coal tar formula that helps prevent dandruff.
▪ Janice smelt of piety and coal tar soap.
▪ Getting rid of PAHs requires the replacement of old cast iron mains lined with coal tar paper.
▪ She was using the best guest soap every day instead of the coal tar soap which was to be used by family.
▪ These ships in return bring coals and lime-stone and many other commodities.
▪ I brought in some coal from the bin in the hallway.
▪ Weeping from fatigue when bringing coals up, singing for joy then going back with empty baskets.
▪ The renewed interest in alternative fuels and feedstocks has revived coal gasification and the old technology is rapidly being brought up to date.
▪ It brought mainly coal and chemicals to the port for shipping to the Continent.
▪ He takes one of them, brings it to the coal house and empties it there.
▪ Then the others will be free to burn the oil and coal that might otherwise be consumed in the nuclear nations.
▪ A kindness heaped up on her head like burning coals.
▪ Many landlords in Calcutta, for example, make prospective tenants promise not to burn coal.
▪ The technology to implement the displacement of oil by burning coal with gas does riot compare in complexity with these wartime developments.
▪ The living turtles are placed on burning coals and heated until their top and bottom shells become malleable enough to rip off.
▪ The burning of coal, oil and gas to provide energy results in the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
▪ Developed for carrying coal and agricultural produce a passenger service was rapidly initiated using wagons, open carriages and converted stage coaches.
▪ Piece of blue polythene sheeting used to carry coals also discovered close to scene of fire where human remains found.
▪ Some were small colliers, to carry coal to London.
▪ We can certainly prefer not carrying endless scuttles of coal up from the cellar.
▪ A Fellowship Porter was one licensed to carry coal, corn, fish, fruit, or salt.
▪ Back in the study Edward Crumwallis collapsed into the chair usually reserved for boys whom he was hauling over the coals.
▪ A big dray horse might be suited to haul a coal wagon, a more delicate saddle horse to recreational riding.
▪ This is just across the road from Incline Top and should produce 650,000 tonnes of coal.
▪ It recommends halving opencast within five years and subsidising deep mines by over £5 per tonne to produce the coal instead of us!
▪ The smell is distinctive, too: chemicals and rotten eggs, the hydrogen sulphides produced by processing coal.
▪ Because Great Britain is not to produce coal nor have any significant mining industry.
▪ It is estimated that the 150 men could produce 10,000 tons of coal a week.
▪ Was he trying to rake over old coals?
▪ A dusty-faced boy was now raking the coal and wood from this into a tidy, white pile of ash.
▪ Jeff even carried out trial runs using rockets stuffed with coal dust.
▪ How is the derating influence by the higher quality physically cleaned coal which should be used for coal / water mixtures?
▪ Piece of blue polythene sheeting used to carry coals also discovered close to scene of fire where human remains found.
▪ It soon ventured into steelmaking to use its coal and iron ore.
▪ These tough animals, who live on the moors year round, were once used extensively in the coal mines.
▪ Those were the only times when we used a bit of coal.
▪ One energy mix simply chose the cheapest options for supplying energy - using entirely coal, oil and natural gas.
▪ What are the names of the main power stations using coal?
coal/oil/gas field
▪ A slim slice of those revenues has always been cut for the communities in the oil fields, local politicians say.
▪ A third appraisal of this potentially significant heavy oil field will be drilled in 1993.
▪ For many residents of the oil fields, Pemex executives seem little different from the foreign overlords they replaced.
▪ Moreover there are indications that in this gas field a secondary fracture porosity may exist.
▪ North Shields became the export base for much of the South East Northumberland coal field.
▪ The downturn in the energy industry dragged on so long that workers drifted away and oil field equipment became outdated.
▪ We do know that most coal fields began life as swamps about 300 million years ago in the Carboniferous period.
haul sb over the coals
live coals
▪ The central position was taken by the headmaster himself, and the live coals sent vivid warmth to his posterior.
rake over the past/old coals
smokeless coal/fuel
▪ If she burned smokeless fuel, the soot problem would disappear.
▪ Real fires Always use smokeless fuel.
wine/coal/timber etc merchant
▪ Branches of timber merchants, such as W H Newson, stock a range of hardwood mouldings for you to put up yourself.
▪ Consumers should go there only with guidance from a capable wine merchant or reviewer.
▪ Other services provided by Co-operative societies include undertakers, coal merchants and opticians.
▪ Take time to shop around; get to know your local wine merchant or investigate your local supermarket.
▪ The 13 coal merchants and some of the 12 corn and seed merchants no doubt operated from the wharf.
▪ The worst was a coal merchant.
▪ Whigham's Wine Cellar Attached to the famous wine merchants.
coal miners
▪ Grill the steaks over medium-hot coals for 5-7 minutes on each side.
▪ For the Schuman plan had implications beyond a simple coordination of coal and steel production.
▪ Heat is radiated entirely from the ceramic coals or logs.
▪ Known oil reserves are enough to last for 40 years, natural gas for over 65 years and coal for 250 years.
▪ Now coal exports are smaller and these docks are less busy.
▪ Soft coal is notorious for its content of pollutants, such as sulfur.
▪ What of Labour's plans for the future of the coal industry?
▪ Wilson had grown up black with coal dust.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Coal \Coal\ (k[=o]l), n. [AS. col; akin to D. kool, OHG. chol, cholo, G. kohle, Icel. kol, pl., Sw. kol, Dan. kul; cf. Skr. jval to burn. Cf. Kiln, Collier.]

  1. A thoroughly charred, and extinguished or still ignited, fragment from wood or other combustible substance; charcoal.

  2. (Min.) A black, or brownish black, solid, combustible substance, dug from beds or veins in the earth to be used for fuel, and consisting, like charcoal, mainly of carbon, but more compact, and often affording, when heated, a large amount of volatile matter. Note: This word is often used adjectively, or as the first part of self-explaining compounds; as, coal-black; coal formation; coal scuttle; coal ship. etc. Note: In England the plural coals is used, for the broken mineral coal burned in grates, etc.; as, to put coals on the fire. In the United States the singular in a collective sense is the customary usage; as, a hod of coal. Age of coal plants. See Age of Acrogens, under Acrogen. Anthracite or Glance coal. See Anthracite. Bituminous coal. See under Bituminous. Blind coal. See under Blind. Brown coal or Brown Lignite. See Lignite. Caking coal, a bituminous coal, which softens and becomes pasty or semi-viscid when heated. On increasing the heat, the volatile products are driven off, and a coherent, grayish black, cellular mass of coke is left. Cannel coal, a very compact bituminous coal, of fine texture and dull luster. See Cannel coal. Coal bed (Geol.), a layer or stratum of mineral coal. Coal breaker, a structure including machines and machinery adapted for crushing, cleansing, and assorting coal. Coal field (Geol.), a region in which deposits of coal occur. Such regions have often a basinlike structure, and are hence called coal basins. See Basin. Coal gas, a variety of carbureted hydrogen, procured from bituminous coal, used in lighting streets, houses, etc., and for cooking and heating. Coal heaver, a man employed in carrying coal, and esp. in putting it in, and discharging it from, ships. Coal measures. (Geol.)

    1. Strata of coal with the attendant rocks.

    2. A subdivision of the carboniferous formation, between the millstone grit below and the Permian formation above, and including nearly all the workable coal beds of the world.

      Coal oil, a general name for mineral oils; petroleum.

      Coal plant (Geol.), one of the remains or impressions of plants found in the strata of the coal formation.

      Coal tar. See in the Vocabulary.

      To haul over the coals, to call to account; to scold or censure. [Colloq.]

      Wood coal. See Lignite.


Coal \Coal\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Coaled; p. pr. & vb. n. Coaling.]

  1. To burn to charcoal; to char. [R.]

    Charcoal of roots, coaled into great pieces.

  2. To mark or delineate with charcoal.

  3. To supply with coal; as, to coal a steamer.


Coal \Coal\, v. i. To take in coal; as, the steamer coaled at Southampton.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Old English col "charcoal, live coal," from Proto-Germanic *kula(n) (cognates: Old Frisian kole, Middle Dutch cole, Dutch kool, Old High German chol, German Kohle, Old Norse kol), from PIE root *g(e)u-lo- "live coal" (cognates: Irish gual "coal").\n

\nMeaning "mineral consisting of fossilized carbon" is from mid-13c. First mentioned (370 B.C.E.) by Theophrastus in his treatise "On Stones" under the name lithos anthrakos (see anthrax). Traditionally good luck, coal was given as a New Year's gift in England, said to guarantee a warm hearth for the coming year. The phrase drag (or rake) over the coals was a reference to the treatment meted out to heretics by Christians. To carry coals "do dirty work," also "submit to insult" is from 1520s. To carry coals to Newcastle (c.1600) Anglicizes Greek glauk eis Athenas "owls to Athens."


n. 1 (context uncountable English) A black rock formed from prehistoric plant remains, composed largely of carbon and burned as a fuel. 2 (context countable English) A piece of coal used for burning. Note that in British English either of the following examples could be used, whereas the latter would be more common in American English. 3 (context countable English) A type of coal, such as bituminous, anthracite, or lignite, and grades and varieties thereof. 4 (context countable English) A glowing or charred piece of coal, wood, or other solid fuel. 5 charcoal vb. 1 (context intransitive English) To take on a supply of coal (usually of steam ships). 2 (context intransitive English) To be converted to charcoal. 3 (context transitive English) To burn to charcoal; to char. 4 (context transitive English) To mark or delineate with charcoal. 5 (context transitive English) To supply with coal.

  1. n. fossil fuel consisting of carbonized vegetable matter deposited in the Carboniferous period

  2. a hot glowing or smouldering fragment of wood or coal left from a fire [syn: ember]

  1. v. burn to charcoal; "Without a drenching rain, the forest fire will char everything" [syn: char]

  2. supply with coal

  3. take in coal; "The big ship coaled"

Coal -- U.S. County in Oklahoma
Population (2000): 6031
Housing Units (2000): 2744
Land area (2000): 518.220288 sq. miles (1342.184327 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 3.074923 sq. miles (7.964014 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 521.295211 sq. miles (1350.148341 sq. km)
Located within: Oklahoma (OK), FIPS 40
Location: 34.577081 N, 96.296455 W
Coal, OK
Coal County
Coal County, OK
Coal (TV series)

Coal is an American reality television series that aired on Spike. The series debuted on March 30, 2011. The series portrayed the real life events on a coal mine in Westchester, West Virginia, and the inherent dangers involved.

The series was later premiered in the UK on November 8, 2011, via the Discovery Channel UK. It featured owner Mike Crowder along with several employees involved in the mining operation.


Coal ( Old English col; meaning "mineral of fossilized carbon" since the thirteenth century) is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called '''coal beds ''' or coal seams. The harder forms, such as anthracite coal, can be regarded as metamorphic rock because of later exposure to elevated temperature and pressure. Coal is composed primarily of carbon along with variable quantities of other elements, chiefly hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. A fossil fuel, coal forms when dead plant matter is converted into peat, which in turn is converted into lignite, then sub-bituminous coal, after that bituminous coal, and lastly anthracite. This involves biological and geological processes that take place over a long period.

Throughout history, coal has been used as an energy resource, primarily burned for the production of electricity and/or heat, and is also used for industrial purposes, such as refining metals. Coal is the largest source of energy for the generation of electricity worldwide, as well as one of the largest worldwide anthropogenic sources of carbon dioxide releases. The extraction of coal, its use in energy production and its byproducts are all associated with environmental and health effects including Climate change.

Coal is extracted from the ground by coal mining. Since 1983, the world's top coal producer has been China. In 2011 China produced 3,520 million tonnes of coal – 49.5% of 7,695 million tonnes world coal production. In 2011 other large producers were United States (993 million tonnes), India (589), European Union (576) and Australia (416). In 2010 the largest exporters were Australia with 328 million tonnes (27.1% of world coal export) and Indonesia with 316 million tonnes (26.1%), while the largest importers were Japan with 207 million tonnes (17.5% of world coal import), China with 195 million tonnes (16.6%) and South Korea with 126 million tonnes (10.7%).

Coal (book)

Coal is a collection of poetry by Audre Lorde, published in 1976. It was the first of Lorde's work to be released by a major publisher. Lorde's poetry in Coal explored themes related to the several layers of her identity as a "Black, lesbian, mother, warrior, poet."

Coal (disambiguation)

Coal's primary meaning is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of carbon and used as a fossil fuel.

It may also refer to:

Coal (Leprous album)

Coal is the third studio album released by the Norwegian progressive band, Leprous, released on 20 May 2013. The music is arranged by the whole band and also the lyrics are the work of all the band. Art direction and design by Ritxi Ostáriz. Cover painting by Jeff Jordan.

Coal (Kathy Mattea album)

Coal is an album by American country music singer Kathy Mattea, released on April 1, 2008 in the United States on her own label, Captain Potato Records. The album consists of 11 covers of classic coal mining songs by artists such as Merle Travis and Hazel Dickens.

Usage examples of "coal".

If the proper materials, such as acid, coal gas, or acetaldehyde and a proper catalyst were available, then wood cellulose could be converted into ethyl alcohol.

Spilled coals were scattered across the paving slabs and atop the rumpled velvet, burning holes in the rich pile, and the glass alembic was now a jagged splash of greenish shards.

Some kind of dire temperature inversion had clamped itself down over the city like a bell jar, trapping and concentrating the cocktail of dust, automobile exhaust, coal smoke, woodsmoke, manure smoke, and the ammoniated gasses that rose up from the stewn excreta of millions of people and animals.

Now the iron beast, consuming its ration of coal, is really browsing the ancient foliage of arborescent ferns in which solar energy has accumulated.

Despite the heat of the coals held in the hollow metal sphere, and being squeezed between the tall, comfortingly solid forms of Uncle Michel and Brother Aumery, she was still cold.

Then, starting at the far end, at the Hearth of the Aurochs, they stirred the banked coals or small sustaining fires in each of the firepits and poured the dirt over them to smother the flames.

But it would be easy to make some guncotton, or even ordinary powder, as we have azotic acid, saltpeter, sulphur, and coal.

The daughter of a wealthy coal owner from County Durham, she brought the consolations of the Quaker faith to her enforced marriage with the Basher, and she needed them.

For weeks Claude worked hard at a study of some lightermen unloading a cargo of plaster, carrying white sacks on their shoulders, leaving a white pathway behind them, and bepowdered with white themselves, whilst hard by the coal removed from another barge had stained the waterside with a huge inky smear.

In some places, fossilized trunks, lying on the ground, betokened the existence of one of the coal districts that are common upon the continent of Africa.

The river went brawling past their bivouac at a little distance, and some of the men caught fish, and broiled them in the coals for their suppers.

Then these steamers will almost certainly put in at Nassau or the Bermudas, if not for coal and supplies, at least to obtain the latest intelligence from the blockaded coast, and to pick up a pilot for the port to which they are bound.

It is said, and I suppose it is true, that about every one of the blockaders makes a port at Halifax, the Bermudas, or Nassau, as much to learn the news and obtain a pilot, as to replenish their coal and stores.

Young some specimens of the Boghead coal, with which he renewed his experiments, distilling the mineral at a low temperature, until he evolved a considerable quantity of crude paraffin.

As a special inducement Brockle Buhn sprinkled coal dust over the mess.