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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
cube root
▪ 4 is the cube root of 64
grass roots
▪ We are hoping for full participation at grass roots level.
root beer
root canal
▪ root canal treatmenttreatment in which a dentist removes a diseased area in the root of a tooth
root crop
root out corruption (=find and stop it)
▪ a new campaign to root out corruption
root vegetable
root vegetables (=vegetables whose roots you eat, such as carrots)
▪ Excellent soups can be made from root vegetables.
roots reggae
square root
▪ The square root of nine is three.
sth is the root of all evil (=something is the main cause of bad things)
▪ Love of money is the root of all evil.
the core/roots/whole of sb’s being
▪ The whole of her being had been taken over by a desire to return to her homeland.
the root cause (=the most basic cause)
▪ People often deal with the symptoms rather than the root cause of a problem.
▪ But baseball is a sport with deep roots in the past.
▪ It probably never had deep roots in the reason of the generals, the men in the lines, or the people.
▪ The traditional governing class with deep roots in the landed aristocracy was gradually displaced as the Third Reich consolidated its position.
▪ Yet it misses the deep roots of alienation in Western thought.
▪ The approval services have put down particularly deep roots.
▪ I opened it and behind it was a wall of dirt shot through with the deep roots of trees.
▪ The rhizome cutting will produce shoots very quickly, and strong, fine roots will develop.
▪ Propagation is by cuttings which root very freely. Fine white roots develop from the nodes on the stems.
▪ The submerged stems have fine roots growing from the leaf joints or nodes.
▪ Some plants have a prominent main or tap root, from which rows of fine lateral roots grow.
▪ The fine roots develop and establish rapidly.
▪ Pot up cuttings individually as soon as fine white roots and young top growth are visible.
▪ Numerous fine roots grow at the nodes, and therefore propagation is extremely simple.
▪ I had a throbbing abscess under a large section of bridgework and root canal work was the next day's projected treat.
▪ He got out of bed on Wednesday morning, feeling the same dread he might feel over an impending root canal.
▪ Herbivores have a large root canal in the teeth, which grow continually throughout life.
▪ Such unemployment is labelled classical in the sense that its sole root cause is an excessively high real wage.
▪ Whether caffeine is the root cause of your insomnia or just a contributing factor, your caffeine consumption needs to be addressed.
▪ While the root cause of the catastrophe remains uncertain, there are some pointers for the investigators.
▪ Like retrenching, the technique of restricting behavior betrays a peculiar logic about performance and its root causes.
▪ The main inhibitors to progress, and the root causes of fear, can include: Unrealistic personal goals and expectations.
▪ But such an approach is a classic example of treating symptoms of organizational dysfunction, rather than its root causes.
▪ Determinedly she put her worries and the root cause of her despondency behind her and tried to think more cheerfully.
▪ Naturally, the course of treatment depends on the root cause of the insomnia.
▪ Cereal and root crops are equally vulnerable to rabbit damage.
▪ But even the grass roots of the club are sprouting.
▪ These teams organized in their own communities to help build pro-ERA visibility and momentum at the grass roots.
▪ She also finds strong support among the party's grass roots.
▪ My basic assumption is that votes are won or lost at the grass roots, not in Washington.
▪ Some at the grass roots feared that it was a rejection of traditional Puritan virtues.
▪ The President continued to campaign at the grass roots.
▪ In grass roots politics interest grows mostly through non-party political activities.
▪ It may help to build a shallow cone of soil around which to spread the root system evenly.
▪ Upon arriving home, he noticed the sapling still had a pretty good root system on the bottom end.
▪ Early drilled crops have a greater and earlier nutrient demand and their root systems can cope better, he said.
▪ Rootstock: The plant that supplies a root system for a grafted plant.
▪ Well-established clematis plants develop a large root system that takes up a great deal of water.
▪ Unlike most land plants, aquatic plants are not dependent solely on nutrition obtained through the root system.
▪ Plants with a fibrous root system, creating plenty of organic matter, do most to improve the soil structure.
▪ The plants develop a thick rhizome with a dense root system.
▪ A tree root flexed, then was still.
▪ All stones are allowed to become covered with aquatic mosses, and the tree roots are covered with decorative ferns.
▪ A hopelessness swept through her so unexpectedly she gasped as if in pain and grabbed at a tree root to prevent herself falling.
▪ Now it was treacherous with tree roots.
▪ Lastly it is worth noting any usual features like sunken logs, projecting tree roots and big boulders.
▪ Moisture is another factor. Tree roots drink a lot of water, so remember to water what you plant.
▪ As the stragglers passed he noticed a man sitting on a tree root, nursing a bloodstained foot.
▪ Grapevines swag down from overhead, and tree roots are crumbling the bricks.
▪ It was growing from the twin roots of controlled food prices and food subsidies.
▪ The tube-type filter also has less chance of getting tangled in the growing roots of the plants.
▪ Coarser gravel would not need it, but fine gravel is easier for plants to grow their roots through.
▪ A hundred blossoms grew up from the roots, and the fragrance was very sweet.
▪ The eggs of this parasitic worm can wait as long as 16 years for a suitable root to grow nearby.
▪ It will then grow the roots and cling to these.
▪ Consent, which lies at the root of self-determination, should be the conceptual mechanism whereby the right is guaranteed and safeguarded.
▪ Biblical writings, which lie at the root of Western culture, make numerous mention of portents in the heavens.
▪ It is our illusion of separateness which lies at the root of our fears.
▪ We found that two key resource uses and two basic technologies lay at the root of lunar industry.
▪ As we shall find, this distinction lies at the root of Anselm's movements in his last years as archbishop.
▪ Several other causes, according to their findings, often lie at the root of violence against tenants.
▪ That view lies at the root of a government drive against the racist right.
▪ They overlook the human ability to negate, which lies at the root of thinking.
▪ I was going to put down roots, achieve something, give meaning to my existence.
▪ It puts down roots 10 feet deep, easily withstanding drought and even frequent fires.
▪ It's home, and the film centre and restaurant are his rather grand way of putting down some roots.
▪ That was before they put me in the root cellar.
▪ New herbaceous perennials planted now will put on plenty of root growth before winter, giving a better display next year.
▪ For Ada, putting down roots opens a new life of discipline and learning.
▪ They might be given no time to put down territorial roots.
▪ In their place, developers are building upscale subdivisions that tend to cater to newcomers less willing to put down roots.
▪ What happened was that we returned to our roots.
▪ Now the label is returning to its roots with these concerts.
▪ It was almost immediately clear that, though a rather greying skinhead now, Mr Tebbit had returned to his roots.
▪ Forty-five years later he's returned to his roots, with a retrospective display of his favourite surrealist paintings.
▪ One had to return to grass roots.
▪ Latter-day Cobdenites faced the future by returning to the subversive roots of their creed.
▪ They're trying to return to their roots.
▪ Therefore, taking the square root of this measure we get the correlation coefficient; i.e.. 11.
▪ The formal idea of a society of Co-Workers took root gradually.
▪ Even in cases where transplants manage to take root, the results are not always beneficial.
▪ These spores take root in the Night Goblin's flesh and gradually start to change him.
▪ It was then that there took root those family cults and that ethic on which neo-Confucianism is based.
▪ But the curious thing was that the idea had somehow and much against his will taken root in his consciousness.
▪ But once in gear, the collective give and take of a vivisystem takes root and persists.
▪ The Quarter can trace its roots as far back as 1460, when work in precious metals is first recorded in Birmingham.
▪ Nor is the manner in which Mumford traces the historical roots of this development much different from that of Wittfogel.
▪ In a chapter of the book entitled Hebraism and Hellenism he traces the roots of these views.
▪ I can trace your roots back to the thirteenth century or more.
▪ The virus has a structure of relatedness that traces its roots further and further into the past.
▪ The Lechmere chain traces its roots to merchant Abraham Cohen, who opened a harness store that bore his name in 1913.
lie at the heart/centre/root of sth
▪ As we shall find, this distinction lies at the root of Anselm's movements in his last years as archbishop.
▪ Basic compassion, not just for the old but for the younger generation too, lies at the heart of this idea.
▪ That is the issue which lies at the heart of Mr. Thorpe's case.
▪ That question appears to lie at the heart of the highly publicized battle raging between Hasbro Inc. and Mattel Inc.
▪ That view lies at the root of a government drive against the racist right.
▪ The creation of a modernised democracy therefore lies at the heart of all our proposals.
▪ They overlook the human ability to negate, which lies at the root of thinking.
▪ We found that two key resource uses and two basic technologies lay at the root of lunar industry.
put forth leaves/shoots/roots etc
▪ Suddenly as they exchanged memories each saw the other putting forth leaves.
the grass roots
▪ a grassroots campaign
▪ The decisions were taken by the party leadership without consulting the grass roots.
▪ Cover the roots with plenty of soil.
▪ Low taxation of the rich is the root of the economic problems in this country.
▪ The roots of the wars in the Balkans go back hundreds of years.
▪ The love of money is said to be the root of all evil.
▪ Truffles are parasites that grow on the roots of trees.
▪ We need to get to the root of the problem.
▪ But its roots go back decades.
▪ I doubt whether you can have deep London roots, or Birmingham, or even Stoke-on-Trent roots.
▪ The dozen rich families have intermarried so many times that family trees are tangles of roots.
▪ The long roots of Water Lettuce provide shelter for fish and fry.
▪ The word bond comes from the same root as bind, for the corporation binds it-self to make the specified payments.
▪ They usually have well developed roots and fragile stems with which to resist the pressure of the current.
▪ He rooted around in his coat pocket until he found the address that Tony Jones had given him.
▪ He roots around in a deep drawer and comes out with a bright, brand-new-looking leather strap.
▪ And then I was like rooting around in your things, and found this, and I thought-cool.
▪ He rooted around for survivors but there were none.
▪ Their long mobile noses are used for rooting around in search of small animals.
▪ The object of his thrusts looks serenely bored, continuing to root around in the mud for food handouts.
▪ When he rooted around the kitchen he was amazed at the amount of food she had stored.
▪ But on the other hand, this respectable ideology was deeply rooted in the general experience of working-class life.
▪ Behind those balconies, behind those curtains, deeply rooted families survived, and neither wars nor occupations could budge them.
▪ This is based on enumerative classification, which is deeply rooted in the traditions of epidemiology and vital statistics.
▪ Had some deeply rooted shame kept her from telling me what was really going on?
▪ Tonight, she brings her deeply rooted Southwestern style to Tucson.
▪ The idea of centre is deeply rooted in the human mind.
▪ Its vigour and vitality attest to a popular piety deeply rooted in the everyday life of the local community.
▪ A prime source of violence resides in the elitist educational strategies that are firmly rooted in the school ethos.
▪ Investigative science is not yet firmly rooted in the curriculum, inspectors found.
▪ But by that time, the constitutional doctrine of corporate personhood was firmly rooted in the cases.
▪ It has the added value of being firmly rooted in a thorough understanding of technique.
▪ Their celestial explorations are firmly rooted where they are, on terra firma.
▪ Her work might be in Detroit but her home, her life and her boyfriend Chris are rooted firmly in Chicago.
▪ Over the years of football authorities have become obsessed with rooting out drug abuse in the game.
▪ A major investigation is under way to root out graft there, they said.
▪ The alien corn had been rooted out and burnt.
▪ For others, it might mean therapy to root out the underlying causes of overeating.
▪ Sir Robert Mark's campaign to root out corruption in the Metropolitan Police is well known.
▪ They have wanted to use suspicion to root out bad faith without taking responsibility for the implicit grounds of that suspicion.
▪ The trouble makers seem to have been rooted out.
▪ Its vigour and vitality attest to a popular piety deeply rooted in the everyday life of the local community.
▪ What is on offer from Damascus is at best a cold, barren peace, rooted in the past.
▪ It is rooted in a particular past, a past that was patriarchal.
▪ But the wider appeal failed, largely because local men were still too rooted in the past.
▪ In order to do this, we have to employ a method of understanding rooted in scientific principles that are universally accepted.
▪ Perhaps some of her edits are rooted in writing principles.
▪ Growing programs like the Rosenbluth International Alliance are rooted in principles like competing on quality of service rather than price.
▪ For a moment, she was rooted to the spot.
▪ He stood rooted to the spot.
▪ The noise hypnotised the Wooltons, rooting them to the spot.
▪ She bought them while I waited, embarrassed and rooted to the spot.
▪ He had covered half the distance when a loud, commanding voice rooted him to the spot.
▪ After all, you don't want to be rooted to the spot in front of a microphone - you want to perform!
▪ An accountant is rooted to the spot as sheets of glass plummet towards her.
▪ They'd just set foot back in the ship proper when the burst of machine gun fire rooted them to the spot.
▪ This is based on enumerative classification, which is deeply rooted in the traditions of epidemiology and vital statistics.
▪ The military attitudes we see today are rooted in a grim tradition.
▪ This concerns the idea that politics is rooted in a tradition of behaviour.
the grass roots
▪ a grassroots campaign
▪ The decisions were taken by the party leadership without consulting the grass roots.
▪ The bush was too firmly rooted in the hard earth to dig up easily.
▪ A crest of wavy, blond hair was loosely rooted on a magisterial forehead.
▪ A prime source of violence resides in the elitist educational strategies that are firmly rooted in the school ethos.
▪ He roots around in a deep drawer and comes out with a bright, brand-new-looking leather strap.
▪ Saguaros in bloom, the glare of a horned owl and javelinas rooting for a bite to eat.
▪ These include massacres and dislocation of civilians in the name of rooting out supposed guerrilla sympathizers.
▪ To begin with, though, it is the narrator, Austin, in whom our sympathies are rooted.
▪ To prevent birds pulling them up, net the rows until they root and cut off any wispy tips.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Root \Root\, v. i. [Cf. Rout to roar.] To shout for, or otherwise noisly applaud or encourage, a contestant, as in sports; hence, to wish earnestly for the success of some one or the happening of some event, with the superstitious notion that this action may have efficacy; -- usually with for; as, the crowd rooted for the home team.


Root \Root\ (r[=oo]t), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Rooted; p. pr. & vb. n. Rooting.]

  1. To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow.

    In deep grounds the weeds root deeper.

  2. To be firmly fixed; to be established.

    If any irregularity chanced to intervene and to cause misappehensions, he gave them not leave to root and fasten by concealment.
    --Bp. Fell.


Root \Root\, v. t.

  1. To plant and fix deeply in the earth, or as in the earth; to implant firmly; hence, to make deep or radical; to establish; -- used chiefly in the participle; as, rooted trees or forests; rooted dislike.

  2. To tear up by the root; to eradicate; to extirpate; -- with up, out, or away. ``I will go root away the noisome weeds.''

    The Lord rooted them out of their land . . . and cast them into another land.
    --Deut. xxix. 28.


Root \Root\, v. i. [AS. wr[=o]tan; akin to wr[=o]t a snout, trunk, D. wroeten to root, G. r["u]ssel snout, trunk, proboscis, Icel. r[=o]ta to root, and perhaps to L. rodere to gnaw (E. rodent) or to E. root, n.]

  1. To turn up the earth with the snout, as swine.

  2. Hence, to seek for favor or advancement by low arts or groveling servility; to fawn servilely.


Root \Root\, v. t. To turn up or to dig out with the snout; as, the swine roots the earth.


Root \Root\, n. [Icel. r[=o]t (for vr[=o]t); akin to E. wort, and perhaps to root to turn up the earth. See Wort.]

  1. (Bot.)

    1. The underground portion of a plant, whether a true root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the potato, the onion, or the sweet flag.

    2. The descending, and commonly branching, axis of a plant, increasing in length by growth at its extremity only, not divided into joints, leafless and without buds, and having for its offices to fix the plant in the earth, to supply it with moisture and soluble matters, and sometimes to serve as a reservoir of nutriment for future growth. A true root, however, may never reach the ground, but may be attached to a wall, etc., as in the ivy, or may hang loosely in the air, as in some epiphytic orchids.

  2. An edible or esculent root, especially of such plants as produce a single root, as the beet, carrot, etc.; as, the root crop.

  3. That which resembles a root in position or function, esp. as a source of nourishment or support; that from which anything proceeds as if by growth or development; as, the root of a tooth, a nail, a cancer, and the like. Specifically:

    1. An ancestor or progenitor; and hence, an early race; a stem.

      They were the roots out of which sprang two distinct people.

    2. A primitive form of speech; one of the earliest terms employed in language; a word from which other words are formed; a radix, or radical.

    3. The cause or occasion by which anything is brought about; the source. ``She herself . . . is root of bounty.''

      The love of money is a root of all kinds of evil.
      --1 Tim. vi. 10 (rev. Ver.)

    4. (Math.) That factor of a quantity which when multiplied into itself will produce that quantity; thus, 3 is a root of 9, because 3 multiplied into itself produces 9; 3 is the cube root of 27.

    5. (Mus.) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed.

    6. The lowest place, position, or part. ``Deep to the roots of hell.''
      --Milton. ``The roots of the mountains.''

  4. (Astrol.) The time which to reckon in making calculations. When a root is of a birth yknowe [known]. --Chaucer. A["e]rial roots. (Bot.)

    1. Small roots emitted from the stem of a plant in the open air, which, attaching themselves to the bark of trees, etc., serve to support the plant.

    2. Large roots growing from the stem, etc., which descend and establish themselves in the soil. See Illust. of Mangrove.

      Multiple primary root (Bot.), a name given to the numerous roots emitted from the radicle in many plants, as the squash.

      Primary root (Bot.), the central, first-formed, main root, from which the rootlets are given off.

      Root and branch, every part; wholly; completely; as, to destroy an error root and branch.

      Root-and-branch men, radical reformers; -- a designation applied to the English Independents (1641). See Citation under Radical, n., 2.

      Root barnacle (Zo["o]l.), one of the Rhizocephala.

      Root hair (Bot.), one of the slender, hairlike fibers found on the surface of fresh roots. They are prolongations of the superficial cells of the root into minute tubes.

      Root leaf (Bot.), a radical leaf. See Radical, a., 3 (b) .

      Root louse (Zo["o]l.), any plant louse, or aphid, which lives on the roots of plants, as the Phylloxera of the grapevine. See Phylloxera.

      Root of an equation (Alg.), that value which, substituted for the unknown quantity in an equation, satisfies the equation.

      Root of a nail (Anat.), the part of a nail which is covered by the skin.

      Root of a tooth (Anat.), the part of a tooth contained in the socket and consisting of one or more fangs.

      Secondary roots (Bot.), roots emitted from any part of the plant above the radicle.

      To strike root, To take root, to send forth roots; to become fixed in the earth, etc., by a root; hence, in general, to become planted, fixed, or established; to increase and spread; as, an opinion takes root. ``The bended twigs take root.''

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"underground part of a plant," late Old English rot, from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse rot "root," figuratively "cause, origin," from Proto-Germanic *wrot (cognates: Old English wyrt "root, herb, plant," Old High German wurz, German Wurz "a plant," Gothic waurts "a root," with characteristic Scandinavian loss of -w- before -r-), from PIE *wrad- (see radish (n.), and compare wort). The usual Old English words for "root" were wyrttruma and wyrtwala.\n

\nFigurative use is from c.1200. Of teeth, hair, etc., from early 13c. Mathematical sense is from 1550s. Philological sense from 1520s. Slang meaning "penis" is recorded from 1846. In U.S. black use, "a spell effected by magical properties of roots," 1935. To take root is from 1530s. Root beer, made from the extracts of various roots, first recorded 1841, American English; root doctor is from 1821. Root cap is from 1875.


"dig with the snout," 1530s, from Middle English wroten "dig with the snout," from Old English wrotan "to root up," from Proto-Germanic *wrot- (cognates: Old Norse rota, Swedish rota "to dig out, root," Middle Low German wroten, Middle Dutch wroeten, Old High German ruozian "to plow up"), from PIE root *wrod- "to root, gnaw."\n

\nAssociated with the verb sense of root (n.). Extended sense of "poke about, pry" first recorded 1831. Phrase root hog or die "work or fail" first attested 1834, American English (in works of Davey Crockett, who noted it as an "old saying"). Reduplicated form rootin' tootin' "noisy, rambunctious" is recorded from 1875.


"cheer, support," 1889, American English, originally in a baseball context, probably from root (v.1) via intermediate sense of "study, work hard" (1856). Related: Rooted; rooting.


"fix or firmly attach by roots" (often figurative), early 13c., from root (n.); sense of "pull up by the root" (now usually uproot) also is from late 14c. Related: Rooted; rooting.


Etymology 1 n. 1 The part of a plant, generally underground, that anchors and supports the plant body, absorbs and stores water and nutrients, and in some plants is able to perform vegetative reproduction. 2 A root vegetable. 3 The part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place. 4 The part of a hair under the skin that holds the hair in place. 5 The part of a hair near the skin that has not been dyed, permed, or otherwise treated. 6 The primary source; origin. 7 (context arithmetic English) Of a number or expression, a number which, when raised to a specify power, yields the specified number or expression. 8 (context arithmetic English) A square root (understood if no power is specified; in which case, “the root of” is often abbreviated to “root”). 9 (context analysis English) A zero (of a function). 10 (context graph theory computing English) The single node of a tree that has no parent. 11 (context linguistic morphology English) The primary lexical unit of a word, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. stem often derive from roots. 12 (context philology English) A word from which another word or words are derived. 13 (context music English) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed. 14 The lowest place, position, or part. 15 (context computing English) In UNIX terminology, the first user account with complete access to the operating system and its configuration, found at the root of the directory structure. 16 (context computing English) The person who manages accounts on a UNIX system. vb. 1 (context computing slang transitive English) To break into a computer system and obtain root access. 2 To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow. 3 To be firmly fixed; to be established. Etymology 2

n. 1 (context Australia New Zealand vulgar slang English) An act of sexual intercourse. 2 (context Australia New Zealand vulgar slang English) A sexual partner. vb. 1 (context transitive English) To turn up or dig with the snout. 2 (context by extension English) To seek favour or advancement by low arts or grovelling servility; to fawn. 3 (context intransitive English) To rummage, to search as if by digging in soil. 4 (context transitive English) To root out; to abolish. 5 (context Australia New Zealand vulgar slang English) To have sexual intercourse. Etymology 3

vb. 1 (context intransitive with for US English) To cheer to show support for. (late 19th century) 2 (context transitive US English) To hope for the success of. Rendered as 'root for'.

  1. n. (botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground

  2. (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed; "thematic vowels are part of the stem" [syn: root word, base, stem, theme, radical]

  3. the place where something begins, where it springs into being; "the Italian beginning of the Renaissance"; "Jupiter was the origin of the radiation"; "Pittsburgh is the source of the Ohio River"; "communism's Russian root" [syn: beginning, origin, rootage, source]

  4. a number that when multiplied by itself some number of times equals a given number

  5. the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation [syn: solution]

  6. someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent) [syn: ancestor, ascendant, ascendent, antecedent] [ant: descendant]

  7. a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes [syn: etymon]

  8. the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support [syn: tooth root]

  1. v. take root and begin to grow; "this plant roots quickly"

  2. come into existence, originate; "The problem roots in her depression"

  3. plant by the roots

  4. dig with the snout; "the pig was rooting for truffles" [syn: rout, rootle]

  5. take sides with; align oneself with; show strong sympathy for; "We all rooted for the home team"; "I'm pulling for the underdog"; "Are you siding with the defender of the title?" [syn: side, pull]

  6. become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style; "He finally settled down" [syn: settle, take root, steady down, settle down]

  7. cause to take roots


ROOT is an object-oriented program and library developed by CERN. It was originally designed for particle physics data analysis and contains several features specific to this field, but it is also used in other applications such as astronomy and data mining.

Root (surname)

Root is a surname, and may refer to:

Root (Chinese constellation)

The Root mansion (氐宿, pinyin: Dī Xiù) is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the eastern mansions of the Azure Dragon.

Root (band)

Root are a Czech black metal band.

Root (company)

Root is a Japanese visual novel studio under the publishing company Orbit founded in 2000. Root's titles are eroge that contain erotic scenes. It was closed in March 2010 following the earthquake, along with the rest of Orbit brands.

Root (disambiguation)

A root is the part of a plant that is below ground.

Root or roots may also refer to:

Root (linguistics)

A root, or a root word, is a word that does not have a prefix (in front of the word) or a suffix (at the end of a word). The root word is the primary lexical unit of a word, and of a word family (root is then called base word), which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Content words in nearly all languages contain, and may consist only of root morphemes. However, sometimes the term "root" is also used to describe the word minus its inflectional endings, but with its lexical endings in place. For example, chatters has the inflectional root or lemma chatter, but the lexical root chat. Inflectional roots are often called stems, and a root in the stricter sense may be thought of as a monomorphemic stem.

The traditional definition allows roots to be either free morphemes or bound morphemes. Root morphemes are essential for affixation and compounds. However, in polysynthetic languages with very high levels of inflectional morphology, the term "root" is generally synonymous with "free morpheme". Many such languages have a very restricted number of morphemes that can stand alone as a word: Yup'ik, for instance, has no more than two thousand.

The root of a word is unit of meaning (morpheme) and, as such, it is an abstraction, though it can usually be represented in writing as a word would be. For example, it can be said that the root of the English verb form running is run, or the root of the Spanish superlative adjective amplísimo is ampli-, since those words are clearly derived from the root forms by simple suffixes that do not alter the roots in any way. In particular, English has very little inflection and a tendency to have words that are identical to their roots. But more complicated inflection, as well as other processes, can obscure the root; for example, the root of mice is mouse (still a valid word), and the root of interrupt is, arguably, rupt, which is not a word in English and only appears in derivational forms (such as disrupt, corrupt, rupture, etc.). The root rupt is written as if it were a word, but it's not.

This distinction between the word as a unit of speech and the root as a unit of meaning is even more important in the case of languages where roots have many different forms when used in actual words, as is the case in Semitic languages. In these, roots are formed by consonants alone, and different words (belonging to different parts of speech) are derived from the same root by inserting vowels. For example, in Hebrew, the root gdl represents the idea of largeness, and from it we have gadol and gdola (masculine and feminine forms of the adjective "big"), gadal "he grew", higdil "he magnified" and magdelet "magnifier", along with many other words such as godel "size" and migdal "tower".

Root (chord)

In music theory, the concept of root denotes the idea that a chord can be represented and named by one of its notes. It is linked to harmonic thinking, that is, to the idea that vertical aggregates of notes can form a single unit, a chord. It is in this sense that one can speak of a "C chord", or a "chord on C", a chord built from "C" and of which the note (or pitch) "C" is the root. When a C chord is referred to in Classical music or popular music without a reference to what type of chord it is (either Major or minor, in most cases), this chord is assumed to be a C major triad, which contains the notes C, E and G. The root needs not be the bass note, the lowest note of the chord: the concept of root is linked to that of the inversion of chords, which is derived from the notion of invertible counterpoint. In this concept, chords can be inverted while still retaining their root.

In tertian harmonic theory, that is in a theory where chords can be considered stacks of third intervals (e.g. in common practice tonality), the root of a chord is the note on which the subsequent thirds are stacked. For instance, the root of a triad such as C Major is C, independently of the vertical order in which the three notes (C, E and G) are presented. A triad can be in three possible positions, a "root position" with the root in the bass (i.e., with the root as the lowest note, thus C, E, G or C, G, E, from lowest to highest notes), a first inversion, e.g. E, G, C or E, G, C (i.e., with the note which is a third interval above the root, E, as the lowest note) and a second inversion, e.g. G, C, E or G, E, C, in which the note that is a fifth interval above the root (G ) is the lowest note.

Regardless of whether a chord is in root position or in an inversion, the root remains the same in all three cases. Four-note seventh chords have four possible positions. That is, the chord can be played with the root as the bass note, the note a third above the root as the bass note (first inversion), the note a fifth above the root as the bass note (second inversion), or the note a seventh above the root as the bass note (third inversion). Five-note ninth chords know five positions, etc., but the root position always is that of the stack of thirds, and the root is the lowest note of this stack (see also Factor (chord)).

Root (album)

Root was a multimedia project composed of 25 one-minute guitar pieces improvised by Thurston Moore of Sonic Youth. These samples were sent out to around 100 people - both visual artists as well as musicians - in Hoover bags to remix or create accompanying artwork for. The results were then released on CD, as a limited edition CD in a numbered hoover bag (of which only 2000 were created), as a 5 piece vinyl box set, and as an exhibition which featured work by Angela Bulloch, David Bowie, Gavin Turk and many others.

Though no track listing comes with the album, just a list of the track contributors, some titles have come out in interviews with those involved. These are listed below where applicable.

Usage examples of "root".

For the mind and the passion of Hitler - all the aberrations that possessed his feverish brain - had roots that lay deep in German experience and thought.

As such minute doses of the salts of ammonia affect the leaves, we may feel almost sure that Drosera absorbs and profits by the amount, though small, which is present in rainwater, in the same manner as other plants absorb these same salts by their roots.

This salt, when absorbed by the roots, does not cause the tentacles to be inflected.

Indeed it is not in the public interest that straightforwardness should be extirpated root and branch, for the presence of a small modicum of sincerity acts as a wholesome irritant to the academicism of the greatest number, stimulating it to consciousness of its own happy state, and giving it something to look down upon.

The willow has flourished by sending deep roots into the earth under the acequia, a small water ditch.

Its tuberous root has been found to contain a particular volatile acrid principle which exercises distinct medicinal effects, though these are altogether dissipated if the roots are subjected to heat by boiling or baking.

It is not given at all internally, but the acrid pulp of the root has been used as a stimulating plaster.

The juice of the root is very acrid when sniffed up the nostrils, and causes a copious flow of water therefrom, thus giving marked relief for obstinate congestive headache of a dull, passive sort.

The root when incised secretes from its wounded bark a yellow juice of a narcotic odour and acrid taste.

The root and leaves contain an acrid juice, dispersed by heat, which is of service for irritability of the bladder.

The ivy-leaved variety is found in England, with nodding fresh-coloured blossoms, and a brown intensely acrid root.

The root of the larger white Water Lily is acrid, and will redden the skill if the juice is applied thereto.

The hair was so acutely sensitive that the slightest touch occasioned severe pain at the roots.

Crimson clover has highest adaptation for sandy loam soils into which the roots can penetrate easily.

No innovation in the way they lived would have taken root if it had not given them an adaptive advantage in the endless struggle to survive.