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oil
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
oil
I.noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a computer/phone/oil etc company
▪ an international oil company
an energy/oil/fuel crisis
▪ There is an energy crisis here, with power cuts happening daily.
an oil/kerosene/paraffin lamp (=lamps that you light with a flame)
▪ The large room was lit by a paraffin lamp on a table.
arms/oil/drug etc shipment
▪ an illegal arms shipment
castor oil
cod-liver oil
cooking oil
drill for oil/water/gas etc
▪ BP has been licensed to drill for oil in the area.
essential oil
food/oil/milk etc production
▪ agricultural production and distribution
house/food/oil etc prices
▪ A poor harvest led to higher food prices.
linseed oil
mineral/oil etc extraction
oil lamp
oil paint
oil painting
oil pan
oil resources
▪ oil resources in the North Sea
oil rig
oil slick
oil tanker
oil well
oil/agricultural/manufacturing exports
▪ Oil exports from Iraq have resumed.
oil/coal/food imports
▪ The country is dependent on oil imports for almost all its basic energy needs.
oil/petroleum/sugar refinery
olive oil
paint in oils/watercolours etc (=paint using a particular type of paint)
▪ He paints mainly in acrylics.
palm oil
pour oil on troubled waters (=try to make an angry situation calmer)
refined sugar/oil/petroleum
snake oil
steel/oil/shipping etc magnate
▪ a powerful media magnate
tea tree oil
vegetable oil
▪ She uses vegetable oil instead of lard.
water/air/oil etc filter
▪ a pond filter
whale oil (=fat from whales that has been made into oil)
▪ Whale oil was used in lamps.
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
big
▪ At seven o'clock that night, William Darling went up the long stairs of the lighthouse to light the big oil lantern.
▪ The big polluters-oil and the power industries, Enron included-were allowed to draft their own regulatory framework.
▪ The big essential oil suppliers stock a bewildering array of essences.
▪ An index of the six biggest oil companies in London has risen 15 percent since Oct. 19.
▪ They should make a bit more profit than they used to with the old, oversized pans they made from bigger oil cans.
crude
▪ Used with diesel, alcohols cut crude oil use and help with emissions, yet engine power stays much the same.
▪ The port closings halted crude oil exports from state-owned oil company Petroleos Mexicanos during the weekend and on Monday.
▪ Oil companies fell in response to weaker crude oil and natural gas prices.
▪ Diesel comes from crude oil, and it is less refined than gasoline.
▪ Gasoline prices, by a tanker full of crude oil, without a doubt.
essential
▪ Pour about half a litre of near-boiling water into a bowl and add two to four drops of essential oil.
▪ It takes about 100 pounds of blossoms to make 12 ounces of essential oil.
▪ Four chapters on essential oil analysis follow.
▪ Method: Mix the essential oil into the almond oil and stir into the other ingredients to form a paste.
▪ These sticks would be twisted round until the bag was tightly pressed and the essential oil oozed out of the petals.
▪ If you dislike the aroma, you have only wasted a tiny amount of essential oil.
▪ First though, let us explore the more tangible routes an essential oil may take on its sojourn through mind-body.
▪ Remember, we are often drawn to the essential oil we may actually need at the time.
high
▪ Note that the high sulfur oil example leads to greater emissions than two of the coal groups.
▪ The seeds may also be a lucrative source of high quality seed oil, rich in unsaturated fatty acids.
▪ The higher priced products are deeper in color and have a higher oil content.
▪ The high oil content lending black oats their descriptive name made them a traditional feed for horses.
▪ That and the high price of oil have rekindled inflation and widened the government's budget deficit.
▪ The combination of low export prices and high oil import prices means Mr Kufuor's government will have little room to manoeuvre.
▪ After a spurt caused by high international oil prices, the headline inflation rate slowed to 3.9 per cent in December.
large
▪ The Exxon Valdez was an oddity: one large oil company owned both tanker and oil, and employed the crew.
▪ On one wall of the entryway hangs a large oil painting, covered with grime.
▪ Near Irvine and the port of Ardrossan, on the west coast, there is another large oil refinery.
▪ It offers considerable future potential for the discovery of large oil and gas reserves.
▪ At the time of our first visit the construction of the large oil terminal was at the planning stage.
▪ Shell have a large oil refinery at Stanlow near Ellesmere Port and with it a petrochemical works producing plastics.
▪ The large amount of oil still used in power stations is more easily reduced since many alternatives are possible.
major
▪ Status: Intergovernmental organization of 13 major oil producers.
▪ No major oil company has agreed yet to blend the product into its gasoline.
▪ Controls against tree felling, tourism, urban development and major road and oil exploration schemes are to be increased.
▪ Several other major oil companies have already taken large write-downs to comply with the new rule.
▪ It recently undertook such a project for a major oil company which was setting up shop in Moscow.
▪ As early as the 1960s, major oil companies were combing geological data in the area.
▪ During the year, we have worked in almost all major offshore oil provinces worldwide.
▪ A Soviet surveying team has found a major oil field.
olive
▪ Fry in a little olive or sunflower oil until golden.
▪ Heat the olive oil in a nonstick 8-inch skillet.
▪ Mix the lemon juice with the sherry vinegar and olive oil and season well.
▪ Perhaps olive oil should at least be offered.
▪ Ad a little finely chopped onion, a few black olives, fruity olive oil and a squeeze of lemon.
▪ In a large skillet, heat olive oil over medium heat.
▪ Lightly grease a serving platter with olive oil.
virgin
▪ These men also have olive groves and cold-press their own virgin oil.
▪ Vegetarians therefore may include a little oil in their cooking, and extra virgin olive oil is the best choice.
▪ We also bought some of the extra virgin olive oil, stored in huge terracotta jars with wooden lids.
▪ Azalea Concealed within this attractive storage jar is a litre of the finest extra virgin olive oil from Chianti.
■ NOUN
company
▪ The most important division between industries is that between the oil companies and the rest.
▪ Accusing the oil companies of being greedy is like saying the sun is hot.
▪ A study was undertaken in co-operation with oil companies to propose optimum data acquisition techniques and formation evaluation procedures.
▪ In December, oil companies produced 23. 5 million tons of oil, meeting expectations, the paper reported.
▪ For the first time the oil companies are also facing effective legal challenges.
▪ As early as the 1960s, major oil companies were combing geological data in the area.
▪ On a typical p/e of five, water shares look bargain-basement compared to oil companies which span the nine to 10 range.
crisis
▪ The loss of confidence in the mid-1970s is usually put down solely to the oil crisis.
▪ Summit participants failed to anticipate the vast inflationary effect of the international oil crisis of the 1970s.
▪ But inflation and unemployment spiralled as the Liberals were hit by the 1973 oil crisis.
▪ In November of 1974, because of the oil crisis, disaster struck Tarrytown.
▪ Cheap solar energy conversion has been a dream of some scientists since the first oil crisis back in the late 1970s.
▪ In the colonial and semicolonial world, the inflationary consequences of the oil crisis promise to be particularly severe.
▪ The oil crisis alone could not have shattered the confidence which capitalists felt during most of the golden years.
▪ Like the oil crisis of the 1970s, the California energy crisis is fueling an investment boom in alternative energy.
embargo
▪ Work is now proceeding within the United Nations to secure further action, most notably perhaps the oil embargo.
▪ The oil embargo of 1973 was followed by another in 1978.
▪ The United Kingdom opposed sending a peacekeeping force because it represented a long-term commitment but suggested an oil embargo.
▪ The younger ones remember Watergate, the oil embargo and a contracting economy.
▪ That compares with 10 percent in 1973, the year of the first Arab oil embargo.
▪ This era ended with the first oil embargo.
export
▪ A high proportion of their oil export revenues has been invested in the world's main financial markets.
▪ The port closings halted crude oil exports from state-owned oil company Petroleos Mexicanos during the weekend and on Monday.
▪ By 1959 four-fifths of wheat and nine-tenths of soya bean oil exports were paid for in this way.
Exports westward accounted for 40 % of all Middle East oil exports.
field
▪ A third appraisal of this potentially significant heavy oil field will be drilled in 1993.
▪ The downturn in the energy industry dragged on so long that workers drifted away and oil field equipment became outdated.
▪ The resultant computer models are used in oil field development.
▪ The company's Moscow office will co-ordinate the supply of a 700-terminal Unix-based system to be used in oil field data acquisition.
▪ A slim slice of those revenues has always been cut for the communities in the oil fields, local politicians say.
▪ The Alliance uses the money to fund ongoing health, safety and environmental education programs for the oil field service industry.
▪ He himself grew up in slums, in one-horse towns, in abandoned oil fields.
fuel
▪ The defendants negligently discharged fuel oil into Sydney Harbour.
▪ A similar blend of fuel oil allegedly was used in the Oklahoma City bombing.
▪ Interruptible gas supplies undercut the cost of fuel oil considerably.
▪ He seemed to be taking a shower in fuel oil.
▪ Gas is also competing directly with coal for the heavy fuel oil market.
▪ The treated organic phase is generally suitable for re-use as a fuel oil.
▪ Such products include fuel oil, paint, building materials and fitments, and electronic Components.
▪ Prices of fuel oil, diesel and kerosene were also raised.
industry
▪ Taban Deng was governor of Unity state, at the heart of the oil industry, when the Red Sea pipeline opened.
▪ And the leading villain, of course, is the greedy oil industry, according to the conventional consumer bleat.
▪ Raised in London by his grandparents, he had studied hard to become an oil industry engineer.
▪ But it should come as no shock that the oil industry is out to maximize profits.
▪ It will be used for oil industry and financial modelling and similar supercomputing tasks.
▪ Ecuadoreans worry that the oil industry, their main foreign-exchange earner, is vulnerable to further violence.
▪ Workers in the oil industry want to sell oil for dollars.
▪ The revelation comes as an oil industry survey claims 84 percent of forecourts were hit by crime last year.
lamp
▪ Several of the traders had lit small oil lamps which they hung in front of their stalls.
▪ It glowed with the warm, welcoming light of oil lamps.
▪ Victorian brass telescopic oil lamp stand, £340.
▪ There was a hot fire in the potbellied stove and an oil lamp burning high on a table in the corner.
▪ The range used for cooking also provides heat: an oil lamp provides light.
▪ As the merchants lit oil lamps, their familiar booths turned magical.
▪ Mrs McGill fries bread for breakfast, takes Chas to bed, cooks supper, lights oil lamp and nurses Nana.
▪ The fort was in deep darkness, being equipped with only a few improvised oil lamps.
linseed
▪ A good polish reviver can be made by mixing equal parts of raw linseed oil, substitute turps and vinegar.
▪ It was magnificent and would come up a treat with a rubbing of linseed oil.
▪ If the acid is fatty such as linseed oil, then the result is a soap and water.
▪ The linseed oil helps restore the shine to a dull surface.
▪ A mixture of equal quantities of raw linseed oil and substitute turps is often rubbed into pine prior to staining.
▪ Arlott's punctuation of those events remains as evocative as the half-remembered smell of linseed oil on willow.
▪ The applied finish - several liberal coats of linseed oil - was allowed to dry, then finally waxed.
▪ I seem to remember a recipe in the Woodworker using linseed oil.
paint
▪ Are there any other art materials that can be used on top of oil paint?
▪ In places the green is so thick on the page that it develops a gloss like the dried skin of oil paint.
▪ Types of oil paint Aside from the traditional oil paint there are several variations according to the binder used when making the paint.
▪ It even tells you how to make a rosary out of rose petals and water and salt and oil paint.
▪ Types of oil paint Aside from the traditional oil paint there are several variations according to the binder used when making the paint.
▪ A variety of mediums and thinners are available for use with oil paint which facilitate further manipulation of the paint.
▪ Most artists' ranges of oil paint are priced in series.
▪ This is because oil paint shrinks as it dries.
painting
▪ The only faces that greeted them belonged to sundry dead abbots glaring down from dusky oil paintings.
▪ This was the start of my oil painting.
▪ But what held his attention was a large oil painting propped on a chair and fronting the door.
▪ It is a method not unlike scumbling in oil painting.
▪ Once, there were frescoes, mosaics and other techniques which were dropped in favour of oil painting.
▪ Here passengers ate delicacies prepared by a master chef under an arched ceiling of embossed leather and oil paintings.
▪ Still life inspired by oil paintings of the Old Masters.
palm
▪ In the flat bottom of his canoe a fire smoulders under a clay pot full of red palm oil.
▪ Nearly all exported products were primary commodities such as palm oil and cocoa, or copper and gold.
▪ The forests have been extensively logged and then cleared for cocoa, coffee, rubber and palm oil crops.
price
▪ The oil price rise worsened profitability and reduced demand.
▪ The oil price hike in 1973 turned Nabru into a boom town.
▪ Panicky Western politicians know that an economic golden age was torpedoed once before by rising oil prices.
▪ After a spurt caused by high international oil prices, the headline inflation rate slowed to 3.9 per cent in December.
▪ Under the impact of soaring oil prices living standards collapsed in a welter of rationing and corruption.
▪ Although oil prices are picking up, no one is expecting a 70s-style bonanza.
▪ But since 1981 oil prices have weakened.
producer
▪ It can not be excluded from regional security arrangements if stability is to be achieved in oil flows from Gulf oil producers.
▪ Status: Intergovernmental organization of 13 major oil producers.
▪ These estimates confirm that the United Kingdom will remain an important oil producer.
▪ Is not the position that the United Kingdom will remain a very substantial oil producer until well into the next century?
▪ Strong gains came from other oil producers too, including Texaco, Chevron and Occidental.
production
▪ An important application of global geomagnetic field models is in directional drilling for oil production.
▪ In the case of lube oil production, an aspect of primary importance is catalyst selection.
▪ The possibility of oil production seems less likely.
▪ Thus, a reasonable immediate goal would be to direct our domestic oil Production towards fulfilling domestic transportation needs.
▪ By 1959, its wants took care of 60 percent of the world's oil production.
▪ The group will supply a floating production, storage and offshore installation to handle oil production.
▪ By early June the situation appeared to be under control and oil production, which had been briefly suspended, was resumed.
▪ This is despite efforts to increase indigenous oil production.
refinery
▪ The Amerada Hess Corporation oil refinery, with a capacity of 545,000 barrels per day, was also severely damaged.
▪ The new facility abuts tract homes and a defunct oil refinery.
▪ New investors would be allowed to set up oil refineries without government permission.
▪ Her father was an oil refinery worker until she was nine.
▪ Some years before lie had resigned from the forces for their sakes and was personnel manager of an oil refinery in Perth.
▪ The plant will produce electrical power from oil refinery residues.
▪ Like many other West Lothian settlements, the village grew around a shale oil refinery.
▪ Why do you think some people opposed the building of oil refineries near Milford Haven?
reserve
▪ Known oil reserves are enough to last for 40 years, natural gas for over 65 years and coal for 250 years.
▪ Many other countries of the world that are deficient in oil reserves have coal and natural gas.
▪ As oil reserves are depleted, its price will continue to rise.
▪ But as oil reserves dwindled over the past decade, local school property taxes doubled to help make up the difference.
▪ Two-thirds of the worlds oil reserves still sleep quietly beneath the soil of Mecca.
▪ Estimates of world oil reserves have increased steadily since the 1970s, more than doubling by some calculations.
rig
▪ Francis McFarlane, 44, has not worked since he witnessed the oil rig blaze which killed 164 workers in July 1988.
▪ Joseph Oncale charges that his male supervisors and a male co-worker harassed him while he was working at a Louisiana oil rig.
▪ It is rumoured that an oil rig is to be set up on the local water meadows.
▪ Passing an oil rig and numerous naval vessels, we moored alongside a jetty on the estuary leading up to the town.
▪ Some guides use their climbing and rope skills to work on oil rigs or construction sites.
▪ Balder is a semi-submersible crane barge designed for work in constructing oil rig platforms.
▪ The day was faintly foggy; lights were on on the tall hazy meccano sculptures of oil rigs moored in the Firth.
slick
▪ He said oil slicks from the stricken leviathan still sometimes marred the bay.
▪ Children were swimming in the canal amid shimmering oil slicks while their fathers fished from their living rooms.
▪ Other benefits include the detection of oil slicks and other pollution and detailed information about land use through the seasons.
▪ Her coffee had an oil slick on top.
▪ This problem to some extent overshadowed the oil slick as an environmental issue.
▪ Their task will be to help otters and seals which have been contaminated by the seven mile long oil slick.
▪ The race ended in chaos when three riders drove into an oil slick and skidded off.
▪ Oil slick prompts no-fishing zone Fishermen have introduced a voluntary ban on fishing in the area surrounding the Shetland oil slick.
spill
▪ He also said a 2,000-gallon oil spill on Harbor Island in Seattle had been contained on land.
▪ Tanker and barge owners have a financial incentive to avoid oil spills, too.
▪ It was like cleaning up after an oil spill.
▪ Look in your school library for information about that or other oil spills.
▪ Entire coastal bays and lagoons along the coast have been fouled by oil spills and the runoff of toxic chemicals.
state
▪ Third, it is time to privatize Pemex, the inefficient state oil company.
▪ The HYDRO-CONGO state oil company would nevertheless continue to exploit oil reserves, occasionally with the participation of foreign companies.
sunflower
▪ Fry in a little olive or sunflower oil until golden.
▪ Even the stir-fry my wife sometimes does with sunflower oil is edible.
▪ Gently cook in hot sunflower oil for 3-4 minutes.
▪ In another pan, warm the sunflower oil.
supply
▪ Oil exports from former Soviet republics have turned the Bosporus into a pulsing artery of the world's oil supply.
▪ The weight of import dependence on Middle East oil supply has shifted from west to east.
tanker
▪ There, they claim, boats risk colliding with oil tankers waiting to go to Sullom Voe oil terminal.
▪ An oil tanker, she thought, or perhaps a freighter.
▪ The captain and crew of the oil tanker that ran aground on the Galapagos have been arrested.
▪ In 1984 the two sides began to attack oil tankers in the Persian Gulf with modern missiles.
▪ They have written to Transport Secretary Cecil Parkinson, proposing that oil tankers should avoid the area.
▪ The Home Secretary also confirmed that soldiers are being rapidly trained to drive oil tankers.
▪ The 40-minute bombardment reportedly sank several oil tankers and barges in the harbour.
▪ Also featured are pictures of oil tankers from 1892 onwards and original artefacts from the vessels and interactive displays.
well
▪ Although the oil wells survived they where badly managed and an environmental disaster.
▪ In the southern state of Tabasco, farmers blockaded 60 oil wells in February to demand compensation from Pemex.
▪ A further 100 oil wells were reported to have been fired in the 24 hours prior to Bush's ultimatum.
▪ Sensa has also developed pressure and acoustic sensors to detect the water and gas content of oil wells.
world
▪ Meanwhile world oil demand is rising steadily at around 2 percent a year.
▪ Then, with-out warning, the world oil markets crashed.
▪ Damage to the plant's production capacity immediately affected world oil and petrol prices.
▪ Two-thirds of the worlds oil reserves still sleep quietly beneath the soil of Mecca.
▪ Estimates of world oil reserves have increased steadily since the 1970s, more than doubling by some calculations.
■ VERB
add
▪ Gradually add the oil, blending to a thick paste. 2.
▪ To cook the crab sauce: Heat the wok and add the oil.
▪ With the motor running, slowly add the oil until the mixture is the consistency of a thick mayonnaise. 3.
▪ With food processor running, add the oil in a thin stream until it is thoroughly incorporated.
▪ He added pumpkin-seed oil, ginseng, royal jelly and a herbal complex to boost his libido.
▪ With machine running, slowly add oil to form a smooth paste.
▪ Leave for a few minutes. Add the olive oil, mint and salad ingredients and mix thoroughly.
▪ Drain fat. Add oil and cook onions and garlic over low heat until onions are soft and translucent.
burn
▪ Then the others will be free to burn the oil and coal that might otherwise be consumed in the nuclear nations.
▪ Ingrid and other loyal friends spent long hours burning the midnight oil with her when it came to the final typing.
▪ A severely damaged Royal Navy destroyer burns through the day with exploding ordnance and great sudden flares of burning bunker oil.
▪ The burning of coal, oil and gas to provide energy results in the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
▪ The wood stove was burning down, the oil in the lamp almost gone.
▪ Five worlds split into several sections is certainly enough to keep you burning the midnight oil.
▪ Furthermore it can permit coal use in boilers originally designed to burn oil without substantial derating.
cook
▪ Mrs McGill fries bread for breakfast, takes Chas to bed, cooks supper, lights oil lamp and nurses Nana.
▪ But aid agencies report tens of thousands families so poor that they need help procuring flour, cooking oil and other basics.
▪ Twice a year we get two pounds of cooking oil, and only five bars of soap for a whole year.
▪ Gently cook in hot sunflower oil for 3-4 minutes.
drill
▪ How deep do you drill an oil well?
▪ They might drill for oil and come up dry.
heat
▪ Cook pasta for 12 ruins. Heat oil in a pan and saut onions and leek for 2 mins.
▪ Lagoven said its heating oil is mostly derived from its refinery at Amuay in the western state of Falcon.
▪ Roll the venison in the flour. Heat the oil in a large casserole and fry the venison until will browned.
▪ In a large, heavy-bottomed pot, heat oil and saute carcasses until browned.
▪ Moreover, demand for heating oil did not meet expectations during the cold snaps over the last two months.
▪ In a large, nonstick skillet, heat olive oil over medium-high heat.
▪ Form 8 to 10 patties. Heat the oil in a non-stick skillet.
▪ In a saute pan, heat oil and saute ham with drained peas for 3 to 5 minutes.
pour
▪ Nor do they mention the rapes, or the order to pour boiling oil over 70 prisoners.
▪ Chop garlic and onions; thinly slice carrots. Pour 3 tablespoons olive oil into a large skillet.
▪ In Ugaraspitiya, residents said armed men poured motor oil into ballot boxes.
▪ You pour a little baby oil on their feet and it acts as a solvent for the glue.
▪ Add the garlic, cook for 1-2 minutes, then pour in a little more oil with the courgettes.
▪ To cook quail, pour oil to a depth of at least 1 inch into a heavy-bottomed frying pan or wok.
▪ Transfer chicken to a oven-proof baking dish. Pour oil and garlic over the chicken.
▪ In an 8-inch-square glass baking dish, pour in oil and roll potatoes in the oil.
rise
▪ Meanwhile world oil demand is rising steadily at around 2 percent a year.
▪ Last Friday, heating oil futures rose 2. 3 percent a gallon in New York to 60. 64 cents.
sell
▪ I think it is fair to say that the really top quality olives are usually sold in oil rather than in brine.
▪ The Manhattan-headquartered company produces and sells crude oil and natural gas.
▪ Workers in the oil industry want to sell oil for dollars.
▪ Until these things happen we are opposed to any new licences being sold to oil companies by the Government.
use
▪ Are there any other art materials that can be used on top of oil paint?
▪ I do not use salt and the oil is optional.
▪ Four elaborate fake bombs were found near offices used by oil businesses.
▪ Some recipes called for using spray oil on the baking sheet.
▪ It will be used for oil industry and financial modelling and similar supercomputing tasks.
▪ If your engine is using a lot of oil it sounds as if a replacement or rebuild is required.
▪ The resultant computer models are used in oil field development.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
(extra) virgin olive oil
▪ Azalea Concealed within this attractive storage jar is a litre of the finest extra virgin olive oil from Chianti.
▪ Vegetarians therefore may include a little oil in their cooking, and extra virgin olive oil is the best choice.
▪ We also bought some of the extra virgin olive oil, stored in huge terracotta jars with wooden lids.
a gas/oil/water etc leak
▪ But firemen confirmed the blast at 3.42am was caused by a gas leak from a water heater.
▪ But responding to Nathan Bryce's flirting was about as wise as striking matches to find a gas leak.
▪ That was the occasion when a gas leak caused an explosion which wrecked an entire tenement.
▪ The first reactor was closed down for repairs earlier this year after a gas leak.
▪ The victim was slumped over a freezer where he had been searching for a gas leak.
burn the midnight oil
▪ Lawmakers were burning the midnight oil last night, as the debate continued.
▪ Five worlds split into several sections is certainly enough to keep you burning the midnight oil.
▪ Ingrid and other loyal friends spent long hours burning the midnight oil with her when it came to the final typing.
coal/oil/gas field
▪ A slim slice of those revenues has always been cut for the communities in the oil fields, local politicians say.
▪ A third appraisal of this potentially significant heavy oil field will be drilled in 1993.
▪ For many residents of the oil fields, Pemex executives seem little different from the foreign overlords they replaced.
▪ Moreover there are indications that in this gas field a secondary fracture porosity may exist.
▪ North Shields became the export base for much of the South East Northumberland coal field.
▪ The downturn in the energy industry dragged on so long that workers drifted away and oil field equipment became outdated.
▪ We do know that most coal fields began life as swamps about 300 million years ago in the Carboniferous period.
explore (sth) for oil/minerals/gold etc
he's/she's no oil painting
moisturizing cream/lotion/oil etc
▪ A jar of Tom Kitten moisturizing cream costs $ 15.
▪ Hands and feet as well as face and neck may suffer from dryness and need a similar moisturizing cream at night.
▪ It is important to use moisturizing cream day and night so that the skin should feel soft as well as looking good.
▪ Yogurt acts like a moisturizing cream, and it makes the poultry so tender.
pour oil on troubled waters
snake oil salesman/peddler
▪ For all his odd and scary views, Buchanan has played the fear card like a snake oil salesman hawking eternal life.
▪ Perhaps, when the shouting from snake oil salesmen subsides, our leaders will find a way to forge a bipartisan solution.
strike gold/oil etc
▪ If they do strike oil, there will be another test well in about a year's time.
▪ It was like striking gold or falling rapturously in love: he possessed secret knowledge that his Germantown friends could scarcely imagine.
▪ Oxford City Women's cross country team has struck gold.
▪ That's where I struck gold.
▪ They struck gold in Kalgorlie in 1893. 100 years on and they're celebrating another major rush.
▪ Twigg, the reigning world champ in pursuit, should strike gold again.
▪ Within a week of returning he had struck gold.
▪ You really have struck gold there.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
Oil prices have dropped significantly since May.
▪ an oil-burning heating system
▪ First fry the chicken in a little peanut oil.
▪ olive oil
▪ You really should get the oil in your car changed more regularly.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Known oil reserves are enough to last for 40 years, natural gas for over 65 years and coal for 250 years.
▪ Meanwhile world oil demand is rising steadily at around 2 percent a year.
▪ No major oil company has agreed yet to blend the product into its gasoline.
▪ So, the star of the group was the oil division, which saw operating profit from continuing operations up 40%.
▪ The hot oil from the vats goes to a copper cooler.
▪ This level of imported oil could thus be displaced by the combined use of domestic gas and coal.
II.verb
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ NOUN
pan
▪ Do not oil the pan as this will brown the bottom of the loaf prematurely.
▪ Add remaining 2 tablespoons oil to saute pan and lightly brown rabbit pieces.
▪ Spoon into an oiled 10-inch tube pan.
▪ Heat remaining 3 tablespoons oil in pan and brown patties on each side.
tablespoon
▪ Stir in buttermilk, egg, green onion, and remaining 2 tablespoons oil.
▪ Add remaining 2 tablespoons oil to pan and saute onion and garlic until lightly browned.
▪ In a saute pan, lightly brown quail with remaining 2 tablespoons oil.
▪ Heat wok, add 3 tablespoons oil.
▪ Add remaining 2 tablespoons oil to saute pan and lightly brown rabbit pieces.
▪ In a large, heavy bottomed pot, saute duck in remaining 2 tablespoons oil until golden brown.
▪ Heat 2 tablespoons oil and 1 tablespoon butter in a large heavy bottomed pot.
▪ Heat remaining 3 tablespoons oil in pan and brown patties on each side.
water
▪ His pale arms spinning through the water like the oiled wings of a doomed bird.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
(extra) virgin olive oil
▪ Azalea Concealed within this attractive storage jar is a litre of the finest extra virgin olive oil from Chianti.
▪ Vegetarians therefore may include a little oil in their cooking, and extra virgin olive oil is the best choice.
▪ We also bought some of the extra virgin olive oil, stored in huge terracotta jars with wooden lids.
a gas/oil/water etc leak
▪ But firemen confirmed the blast at 3.42am was caused by a gas leak from a water heater.
▪ But responding to Nathan Bryce's flirting was about as wise as striking matches to find a gas leak.
▪ That was the occasion when a gas leak caused an explosion which wrecked an entire tenement.
▪ The first reactor was closed down for repairs earlier this year after a gas leak.
▪ The victim was slumped over a freezer where he had been searching for a gas leak.
coal/oil/gas field
▪ A slim slice of those revenues has always been cut for the communities in the oil fields, local politicians say.
▪ A third appraisal of this potentially significant heavy oil field will be drilled in 1993.
▪ For many residents of the oil fields, Pemex executives seem little different from the foreign overlords they replaced.
▪ Moreover there are indications that in this gas field a secondary fracture porosity may exist.
▪ North Shields became the export base for much of the South East Northumberland coal field.
▪ The downturn in the energy industry dragged on so long that workers drifted away and oil field equipment became outdated.
▪ We do know that most coal fields began life as swamps about 300 million years ago in the Carboniferous period.
he's/she's no oil painting
snake oil salesman/peddler
▪ For all his odd and scary views, Buchanan has played the fear card like a snake oil salesman hawking eternal life.
▪ Perhaps, when the shouting from snake oil salesmen subsides, our leaders will find a way to forge a bipartisan solution.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ I need to oil the hinges on this door.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Back stage was like the Costa Brava: everyone oiling themselves and each other.
▪ But once he gets his hands all oiled up, he's a whizz at refreshing your players' tired muscles.
▪ Credit was the solvent that oiled the wheels of many other retailers' businesses.
▪ Then, the top of the urn gave way and unscrewed as if it had been oiled.
▪ When he had finished he thanked her kindly and oiled himself thoroughly with his jewelled oil-can, to guard against mishap.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Oil

Oil \Oil\ (oil), n. [OE. oile, OF. oile, F. huile, fr. L. oleum; akin to Gr. ?. Cf. Olive.] Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances, more viscous than and not miscible with water; as, olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc. They are of animal, vegetable, or mineral origin and of varied composition, and they are variously used for food, for solvents, for anointing, lubrication, illumination, etc. By extension, any substance of an oily consistency; as, oil of vitriol. Note: The mineral oils are varieties of petroleum. See Petroleum. The vegetable oils are of two classes, essential oils (see under Essential), and natural oils which in general resemble the animal oils and fats. Most of the natural oils and the animal oils and fats consist of ethereal salts of glycerin, with a large number of organic acids, principally stearic, oleic, and palmitic, forming respectively stearin, olein, and palmitin. Stearin and palmitin prevail in the solid oils and fats, and olein in the liquid oils. Mutton tallow, beef tallow, and lard are rich in stearin, human fat and palm oil in palmitin, and sperm and cod-liver oils in olein. In making soaps, the acids leave the glycerin and unite with the soda or potash. Animal oil, Bone oil, Dipple's oil, etc. (Old Chem.), a complex oil obtained by the distillation of animal substances, as bones. See Bone oil, under Bone. Drying oils, Essential oils. (Chem.) See under Drying, and Essential. Ethereal oil of wine, Heavy oil of wine. (Chem.) See under Ethereal. Fixed oil. (Chem.) See under Fixed. Oil bag (Zo["o]l.), a bag, cyst, or gland in animals, containing oil. Oil beetle (Zo["o]l.), any beetle of the genus Meloe and allied genera. When disturbed they emit from the joints of the legs a yellowish oily liquor. Some species possess vesicating properties, and are used instead of cantharides. Oil box, or Oil cellar (Mach.), a fixed box or reservoir, for lubricating a bearing; esp., the box for oil beneath the journal of a railway-car axle. Oil cake. See under Cake. Oil cock, a stopcock connected with an oil cup. See Oil cup. Oil color.

  1. A paint made by grinding a coloring substance in oil.

  2. Such paints, taken in a general sense. (b) a painting made from such a paint. Oil cup, a cup, or small receptacle, connected with a bearing as a lubricator, and usually provided with a wick, wire, or adjustable valve for regulating the delivery of oil. Oil engine, a gas engine worked with the explosive vapor of petroleum. Oil gas, inflammable gas procured from oil, and used for lighting streets, houses, etc. Oil gland.

    1. (Zo["o]l.) A gland which secretes oil; especially in birds, the large gland at the base of the tail.

    2. (Bot.) A gland, in some plants, producing oil. Oil green, a pale yellowish green, like oil. Oil of brick, empyreumatic oil obtained by subjecting a brick soaked in oil to distillation at a high temperature, -- used by lapidaries as a vehicle for the emery by which stones and gems are sawn or cut. --Brande & C. Oil of talc, a nostrum made of calcined talc, and famous in the 17th century as a cosmetic. [Obs.] --B. Jonson. Oil of vitriol (Chem.), strong sulphuric acid; -- so called from its oily consistency and from its forming the vitriols or sulphates. Oil of wine, [OE]nanthic ether. See under [OE]nanthic. Oil painting.

      1. The art of painting in oil colors.

      2. Any kind of painting of which the pigments are originally ground in oil. Oil palm (Bot.), a palm tree whose fruit furnishes oil, esp. El[ae]is Guineensis. See El[ae]is. Oil sardine (Zo["o]l.), an East Indian herring ( Clupea scombrina), valued for its oil. Oil shark (Zo["o]l.)

        1. The liver shark.

        2. The tope. Oil still, a still for hydrocarbons, esp. for petroleum. Oil test, a test for determining the temperature at which petroleum oils give off vapor which is liable to explode. Oil tree. (Bot.)

          1. A plant of the genus Ricinus ( Ricinus communis), from the seeds of which castor oil is obtained.

          2. An Indian tree, the mahwa. See Mahwa.

  3. The oil palm.

    To burn the midnight oil, to study or work late at night.

    Volatle oils. See Essential oils, under Essential.

Oil

Oil \Oil\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Oiled; p. pr. & vb. n. Oiling.] To smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
oil

late 12c., "olive oil," from Anglo-French and Old North French olie, from Old French oile, uile "oil" (12c., Modern French huile), from Latin oleum "oil, olive oil" (source of Spanish, Italian olio), from Greek elaion "olive tree," from elaia (see olive). Old English æle, Dutch olie, German Öl, etc. all are from Latin. It meant "olive oil" exclusively till c.1300, when meaning began to be extended to any fatty, greasy substance. Use for "petroleum" first recorded 1520s, but not common until 19c. The artist's oils (1660s), short for oil-color (1530s), are paints made by grinding pigment in oil.

oil

mid-15c., from oil (n.). Related: Oiled; oiling. An Old English verb in this sense was besmyrian.

Wiktionary
oil

n. 1 liquid fat. 2 petroleum-based liquid used as fuel or lubricant. vb. (context transitive English) To lubricate with oil.

WordNet
oil
  1. n. a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water

  2. oil paint used by an artist [syn: oil color]

  3. any of a group of liquid edible fats that are obtained from plants [syn: vegetable oil]

oil
  1. v. cover with oil, as if by rubbing; "oil the wooden surface"

  2. administer an oil or ointment to ; often in a religious ceremony of blessing [syn: anoint, inunct, anele, embrocate]

Gazetteer
Wikipedia
Oil (disambiguation)

Oil is any of a number of nonpolar, hydrophobic, and viscous liquids.

Oil most often refers to:

  • Petroleum (crude oil), naturally occurring liquid found beneath the Earth's surface, or a derived product:
    • Fuel oil, liquid fuel burned for heat or power
    • Heating oil, liquid fuel used for building furnaces or boilers
  • Lubricant, a substance that reduces friction between surfaces
    • Lubrication, the process of using a lubricant to reduce friction between surfaces
    • Motor oil, any of various lubricants used in internal combustion engines
  • Cooking oil, a fat used in cooking, baking, and other food preparation
  • Big Oil, a name used to collectively describe major oil corporations
Oil (The Young Ones)

Oil was the second episode of British sitcom The Young Ones. It was written by Ben Elton, Rik Mayall and Lise Mayer, and directed by Paul Jackson. It was first aired on BBC2 on 16 November 1982.

Oil (band)

Oil is a Christian thrash metal band from Long Beach, California, USA. The band was formed in 1997 by Ron Rinehart, the former vocalist with Dark Angel, who converted to Christianity at a Harvest Crusade after Dark Angel's dissolution in 1992. Other members include lead guitarist Blake Nelson (formerly with Deceiver, Desire and Captain Black) and drummer Jason Vander Pal. Oil has released two studio albums and one live album.

In 2004, Rinehart left the band to pursue other non-musical interests. The rest of the group is looking for a new vocalist.

Oil

An oil is any neutral, nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (immiscible with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (miscible with other oils, literally "fat loving"). Oils have a high carbon and hydrogen content and are usually flammable and slippery.

The general definition of oil includes classes of chemical compounds that may be otherwise unrelated in structure, properties, and uses. Oils may be animal, vegetable, or petrochemical in origin, and may be volatile or non-volatile. They are used for food, fuel, lubrication, and the manufacture of paints, plastics, and other materials. Specially prepared oils are used in some religious ceremonies as purifying agents.

OIL (incorporations and corporate services)

OIL (formerly known as Offshore Incorporations Limited) is a privately owned global provider of company formation, focusing on serving the financial and professional intermediary sectors. In addition to setting-up companies, OIL also provides post-incorporation support and a selection of corporate services. It is majority owned by the private equity firm IK Investment Partners.

The company specialises in the 11 jurisdictions of Anguilla, Bahamas, Belize, British Virgin Islands ( BVI), Cayman Islands, Delaware, Hong Kong, Mauritius, Samoa, Seychelles and Singapore. They also provide company incorporations in other leading jurisdictions through its group network and global alliances with leading law and accounting firms. It has been estimated that OIL is one of the largest offshore incorporators, making up about 10% of the entire industry. OIL is regarded as a wholesaler in the industry, selling large quantities of offshore structures to banks, law firms, corporations and accounting firms.

Headquartered in Hong Kong, OIL has offices in the BVI, Singapore, Taiwan, Shanghai, Beijing, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, UK, Cyprus and Dubai and has around 220 employees.

OIL is a group company of Vistra Group, which has about 2,300 employees in 40 jurisdictions; its global headquarters are in Hong Kong. Vistra Group Companies include Vistra, a specialist service providing tailored trust, fiduciary, fund and corporate services, and OIL, service provider in international incorporations, company formation and post-incorporation support across global jurisdictions, as well as the company incorporation service providers NovaSage and TAKA.

Oil (film)

'Oil ' is a 2009 documentary film directed by Massimiliano Mazzotta. It explores the Italian energy provider Saras S.p.A., operating in the area of oil refining and the production of electricity, located in the island of Sardinia, near Cagliari and the impact of oil development on the land and lives of the local population.

Usage examples of "oil".

Then it was on the radiates, echinoderms, acalephes, polypes, entozoons, sponges, and infusoria, that he had for such a long time burned the midnight oil?

As for drinking, I am something of a chemist and I have yet to find a liquor that is free from traces of a number of poisons, some of them deadly, such as fusel oil, acetic acid, ethylacetate, acetaldehyde and furfurol.

Fifty eggs well fried will yield about five ounces of this oil, which is acrid, and so enduringly liquid that watch-makers use it for lubricating the axles and pivots of their most delicate wheels.

Raw Onions contain an acrid volatile oil, sulphur, phosphorus, alkaline earthy salts, phosphoric and acetic acids, with phosphate and citrate of lime, starch, free uncrystallized sugar, and lignine.

The virtues of black Mustard depend on the acrid volatile oil contained in its seeds.

The acridity of its oil is modified in the seeds by combination with another fixed oil of a bland nature which can be readily separated by pressure, then the cake left after the expression of this fixed oil is far more pungent than the seeds.

His hair and beard shone with scented oil and he wore a chain of snowy agates around one wrist.

No food element has been more closely linked to arterial aging than these kinds of fats, found mostly in meats, full-fat dairy products, baked goods, fried fast foods, and palm and coconut oils.

Chemists have determined that the Agrimony possesses a particular volatile oil, and yields nearly five per cent.

I infer from this latter fact that the power of linseed oil to cause inflection cannot be attributed to the albumin which it is said to contain.

The bath attendant drifted hesitantly back as Alec finished dressing, offering him a tray of oils and combs.

Frik Van Alman would be more upset about not regaining the artifact than he would ever have been about losing the oil rig.

He sniffed the air, the scent a mixture of diesel oil and diesel exhaust from the emergency generator, ozone from the electrical equipment, cooking oil, lubricating oils, and amines from the atmospheric control equipment.

The electrical smell of the ship came into his nostrils, a brew of cooking oil, ozone, diesel fuel, cleaning solution, and amines, the perfume of it filling him with nostalgia.

The ammoniacal fluid was harsh, and smelled strong, but it dissolved oils and grease on her skin and in her hair, and it killed any lice or fleas she might have picked up.