Find the word definition

Crossword clues for judge

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a case comes before a judge/court
▪ The case came before the federal courts.
a judge directs/instructs a jury (=tells it what to decide)
▪ The judge directed the jury to find her not guilty.
appear before a court/judge/committee etc
▪ She appeared before Colchester magistrates charged with attempted murder.
consider/judge the merits of sth (=think about whether or not something is a good idea)
▪ The committee is considering the merits of the proposal.
judge a competition (=decide who has won it)
▪ A panel of five will judge the competition.
judge by appearances (=make judgements based on the way sb/sth looks)
▪ You shouldn’t judge by appearances.
judge distances (=judge how much space there is between things)
▪ Animals that hunt can judge distances very well.
judging by sb’s reactions
▪ Judging by the audience’s reactions, the show will be a great success.
the trial judge
▪ The trial judge acquitted the accused on the charge of assault.
▪ The decision was announced by federal district judge William Hoeveler at a pre-trial hearing on Jan. 11.
▪ It was also last month that a federal judge refused to dismiss the state lawsuit against Desert Diamond Casino.
▪ Yet it does not automatically follow that last week's decision by a federal judge to close Napster was the right one.
▪ A federal trial judge in New York adopted that stance in this case.
▪ He has about four months remaining in a sentence imposed by a federal judge in Boston June 15, 1994.
▪ A federal judge has frozen most of the assets.
▪ But a federal judge ruled last May that probable cause existed to grant the extradition.
▪ He would impose term limits on the members of Congress and federal judges.
▪ A High Court judge has ruled that her injuries weren't the result of negligence.
▪ In 1988 a High Court judge was given charge of the list.
▪ A High Court judge has ruled that they don't have the same rights as traditional gypsies.
▪ There are only seven women high court judges, two in the court of appeal, and no women law lords.
▪ But a High Court judge said the plans were already public when they bought the house.
▪ Appeal was the only corrective for a mistake by a High Court judge and that had been removed by statute.
▪ Rules are to be drawn up by the Law Society, subject to approval by the Lord Chancellor and four senior judges.
▪ Cecil F.. Poole, who became a senior judge with a lightened caseload last January.
▪ In the debate referred to, the senior judges renewed their attack.
▪ Partisan nomination of senior judges used to be the rule in Britain but has not really been so since the 1920s.
▪ The senior judge in question is former chief justice Eusoff Chin, who ran the judiciary throughout the Anwar trial.
▪ One of Britain's most senior judges has attacked plans to send more people to jail.
▪ The bill gives four senior judges and the Lord Chancellor a veto over rules for solicitor advocates.
▪ A High Court judge has ruled that her injuries weren't the result of negligence.
▪ As a Supreme Court judge, he made $ 65, 100.
▪ Rather than increasing the sentence, three appeal court judges substituted a three-year probation order requiring him to undergo treatment or counselling.
▪ Women who had the ability to be Supreme Court judges were worth just as much to society then as now.
▪ But the other Supreme Court judges are making a stand against the government.
▪ The deputy judge gave very careful consideration to all the evidence to which I have referred.
▪ The deputy judge concluded that the onus of establishing testamentary competence had not been discharged.
▪ There is one authority on the point that was not available to the deputy judge.
▪ The deputy judge had to take into account also the other evidence relevant to the issue of testamentary competence.
▪ The deputy judge ruled against this contention.
▪ This argument found favour with the deputy judge.
▪ The deputy judge refused to admit the document to probate.
▪ The background facts, as found by the deputy judge, are these.
▪ The district judge refused both applications.
▪ When prosecutors refused to disclose information about their procedures, a federal district judge dismissed the charges against the five defendants.
▪ A district judge will decide later the amount of money and interest the musicians must receive from royalties.
▪ Limits for district judge candidates vary by county population.
▪ If substituted service by advertisement is required, a draft of the advertisement must be submitted to the district judge to settle.
▪ She has been competing for three weeks under a temporary restraining order issued April 15 by a federal district judge in Phoenix.
▪ The district judge must send a copy of the defence to the plaintiff.
▪ At the same time, some solicitors complained of inconsistencies in approach by High Court masters and district judges.
▪ She was later appointed a skating judge.
▪ The same would be true if Clinton responds by scaring women about a flood of pro-life Dole-#appointed judges.
▪ John Devaux, who became a Recorder and head of chambers in 1989, has been appointed a circuit judge.
▪ Federal judges are appointed, while state judges are elected.
▪ A Recorder who has served for five years may be appointed as a Circuit judge.
▪ At the age of thirty, 1vo was appointed diocesan judge and proved himself to be incorruptible.
▪ There is only the fairness of what politically appointed election officials or politically appointed judges decide.
▪ Four years later, she was appointed supervising judge in Manhattan, where she heard more than 20, 000 cases.
▪ Gordon Middleton and Alan Hill are asking a judge to overturn a ruling by magistrates.
▪ Today at Aylesbury Crown Court they asked a judge to quash those convictions.
▪ Though she has filed for divorce, Anne Mirretti, 38, asked the judge to have pity on her husband.
▪ Children of any age can now ask a judge to decide where they should live under the new Children's Act.
▪ But, in addition, Weeks' lawyers asked the judge to award them $ 3. 8 million in fees.
▪ When asked by the judge if she ever drank or got aggressive.
▪ Prosecutors have asked a judge to sentence him to 1 years in prison.
▪ Should not judges be able to decide what award is justified?
▪ The judge already has decided to ban from the courtroom not only video cameras but print photographers working for newspapers and magazines.
▪ A judge deciding McLoughlin might think it unjust to require compensation for any emotional injury.
▪ A federal judge will decide whether the miles should be considered as assets and confiscated under forfeiture laws.
▪ A judge has decided the youngster should remain with her former foster parents until the case can be heard in full next year.
▪ It would have toughened the system by allowing prosecutors, rather than judges, to decide when to try children as adults.
▪ There is only the fairness of what politically appointed election officials or politically appointed judges decide.
▪ And the judge may then decide not to sit.
▪ Within care centres public law cases may be heard by designated family judges or nominated care judges.
▪ The cases are due to be heard together before a judge in London without a jury, in January.
▪ We hear of judges being bribed, and occasionally overt bribery does occur.
▪ After any other party has been heard the judge should give his formal ruling.
▪ In addition, all charges against self-confessed drug traffickers would in future be heard by the same judge.
▪ She was in court to hear the judge order a retrial.
▪ Mr Ward returned to court in the morning to hear the judge award him his costs.
▪ A federal judge ordered Bher reinstated.
▪ The judge Tuesday ordered to vacate the stay.
▪ Some judges have imposed such orders to deal with aggressive protesters who push and shove patients and scream in their faces.
▪ Read in studio A judge has ordered a fish farm to compensate a group of anglers for ruining their fishing season.
▪ The judge then ordered the lead plaintiffs' lawyer in the class-action suit to conduct an investigation.
▪ But Vargas said the strengthened designation might make a judge more reluctant to order the cross razed.
▪ As early as today a federal judge could order Napster to halt users from downloading copyrighted music.
▪ The High Court in turn sought a ruling from the Luxembourg judges.
▪ No matter, ruled the judge.
▪ It is believed Stavridis told the judge in a behind-closed-doors grilling that the pilot was directing him from shore.
▪ After all, such lopsided enthusiasm indicates that you feel well equipped to tell judges how to do their jobs.
▪ I am sorry about what happened ... He told the judge that he would not be instructed for the retrial.
▪ So they told the judges that we, the staff, had to stop the strikes.
▪ He wanted to tell the judge how to deal with me, but fortunately the judge was more understanding.
▪ Then I told the judge I was sorry we had to present this painful case to him, and I sat down.
▪ She kept a secret diary which revealed that he spoke on average 3.5 words a day, she told a divorce judge.
▪ It takes a minimum of three appearances to actually tell the judge your story.
judge/consider etc sth on its (own) merits
Judge Butler gave the defendant a six-month jail sentence.
Judge Pamela Gifford
▪ a judge's controversial decision
▪ Everyone stood up as the judge entered the courtroom.
▪ The judge advised the governor that the law violated the First Amendment rights of teachers.
▪ There are normally three judges for the national essay competition.
▪ A New York judge awarded custody of the boy to Leo in 1994 and allowed Heard to see him every other weekend.
▪ All that will be considered by the judge and the Lord Chief Justice in making their recommendations.
▪ But in an entire career, I never knew a judge who I believed was bribed by raw money.
▪ Secondly, that any delay which did occur was reasonable and, as indeed the judge himself found, justifiable.
▪ The court cases discussed indicate how judges have been resolving conflicts on these issues.
▪ The other judges, both charisma-free, were handpicked to make him shine.
▪ When it was over, the judges signed a certificate saying that they believed Harrison had indeed told them everything he knew.
▪ It is, unfortunately, impossible in the absence of any real evidence to judge how much.
▪ It is also likely to be unpolished and you need to judge how well it will travel.
▪ Transit A method used in racing to judge how near the start line you are.
▪ So, in the case of loose-leaf reference, it's vital that you judge the book by its cover.
▪ How difficult it is to judge a book by its cover, the old saying goes.
▪ To judge from this book, the most surprising thing about the paper is that it did not collapse long ago.
▪ Appearances are often deceiving and we all know the dangers of judging a book by its cover.
▪ Never judge a book by its cover, she might have reflected, had she not been so breathless with excitement.
▪ C., by proposing legislation to cut the court back to 11 judges.
▪ The reader's criteria for judging articles will vary accordingly.
▪ Fact 3: Criteria are lacking for judging the product a failure.
▪ There are, though, three or four fundamental criteria for judging advertisements which can be applied more or less universally.
▪ It runs a League, and is involved in establishing criteria for judging standards for a series of compulsory figures.
▪ The immediate objective End Result: To have agreed criteria for judging Bill's performance as a supervisor.
▪ As a consequence of their different interpretations, they had different criteria for judging attainment.
▪ We will draw upon these criteria inPart Two in judging the various strategies of evaluation.
▪ Scriven has charged evaluators with the responsibility for judging the merit of an educational practice.
▪ Underlying their arguments is the idea that everyone should be judged on merit.
▪ How, I wondered, was I going to find some one to judge the merit of this work objectively?
▪ Your ideas will be judged for their merit, rather than in deference to your position.
▪ The extent of government involvement in such projects should be judged on individual merit, he said.
▪ The application will not be judged on merit.
▪ And, of course, I realise that when I bring forward proposals they will have to be judged on their merits.
▪ The lawyer said she was entitled to be judged on her own merits and not those of her father.
▪ Voters will need to know enough about the candidates to be able to judge their relative merits.
▪ Their arguments have to be judged on their merits.
▪ How will my customers judge the performance?
▪ The immediate objective End Result: To have agreed criteria for judging Bill's performance as a supervisor.
▪ Why is it an important input to setting objectives and judging enterprise performance?
▪ Purchasers and providers are now judged by performance indicators.
▪ Put yourselves in the client's position: what would you judge as a quality, desirable service?
▪ Every country must finally be judged by the quality of justice it delivers to its people.
▪ The instrument maker knows how to choose his materials, and can judge their qualities and defects.
▪ In addition, it can be difficult to judge the quality of some merchandise from a photo on a Web page.
▪ Yet the headmistress believes it's a poor way to judge quality.
▪ They judge for themselves the quality and character of the political leaders who parade before them on television seeking their support.
▪ Consumers judge quality by comparing the service they receive against expectations of what they should receive.
▪ One of the problems facing practitioners is judging the quality of a piece of research.
▪ That is judging by ordinary residential standards.
▪ One last item: you can't judge accommodation standards by holiday price.
▪ The situation has clarified into an endgame which, judged by traditional material standards, should be level.
▪ It runs a League, and is involved in establishing criteria for judging standards for a series of compulsory figures.
▪ But the survey showed that it was difficult to judge whether standards of spelling were going up or down.
▪ Representatives of the central government were required to judge whether or not these standards had been achieved.
▪ What is in the best interests of the patient will be judged by the standards of a responsible body of medical opinion.
▪ One day in two, judged by federal standards, the soft California air is not fit to breathe.
▪ Watch the changes in their management philosophies to judge their future success.
▪ Regardless of technical hitches Pathfinders in Space was judged a great success, leading to a second series being commissioned in 1960.
▪ He judges success by how effectively human needs are reconciled with the needs of the ecosystem.
▪ The scheme was judged to be a success and extended to all secondary schools in April 1986.
▪ Local Management of Schools will be judged a success if it has been up and running reasonably well since 1 April 1990.
▪ We judge the success of a contract by the volume of trades conducted in it.
▪ If the New Deal is judged by its economic success alone, then the verdict must be a mixed one.
Judging from Monday night's game, the team still has a lot of work to do.
▪ 2,000 foreign and local monitors were watching to judge whether the elections were free and fair.
▪ A photograph of a stormy beach was judged "best in show" by the panel.
▪ Bridget, you shouldn't judge people like that.
▪ Dillon and two other writers judged the poetry contest.
▪ Don't judge other people unless you want to be judged yourself.
▪ Dwight judged it dangerous to navigate in darkness in these waters.
▪ He seems like a nice guy, but it's too early to judge.
▪ How do you judge when a house needs a new roof?
▪ I have a hard time judging ages, but the baby looked about six months old.
▪ It's difficult to judge whether this is the right time to tell him.
▪ Kaldor judged that the moment was exactly right to call an election.
▪ Pupils were judged in two categories: age 6 to 8, and age 9 to 12.
▪ She should do what seems right to her. It isn't for me to judge.
▪ Some students may judge that the benefits they receive from further education are less than the costs of that education.
▪ The annual flower show was judged by a TV celebrity and a professional horticulturist.
▪ The changes should be judged by their results.
▪ What right does she have to judge me?
▪ Who's judging the talent contest?
▪ Women judged to be at high risk for breast cancer should be examined every year.
▪ He did Human Figure Drawings, which were judged impoverished.
▪ If we totally loved ourselves, we would not feel the need to judge others.
▪ Of that number, approximately 20 percent were eventually judged unfavorable by the Applicant Review Panel.
▪ Seems extraordinary, but judging from the hardback sales, his fan club is as big as ever.
▪ Skating is rife with bias, carrying the inherent subjectivity of judging to extremes.
▪ The instrument maker knows how to choose his materials, and can judge their qualities and defects.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Judge \Judge\ (j[u^]j), n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF. jugier, F. juger, to judge. See Judge, v. i.]

  1. (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between parties in courts held for that purpose.

    The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and collate the material points of that which hath been said; and to give the rule or sentence.

  2. One who has skill, knowledge, or experience, sufficient to decide on the merits of a question, or on the quality or value of anything; one who discerns properties or relations with skill and readiness; a connoisseur; an expert; a critic.

    A man who is no judge of law may be a good judge of poetry, or eloquence, or of the merits of a painting.

  3. A person appointed to decide in a trial of skill, speed, etc., between two or more parties; an umpire; as, a judge in a horse race.

  4. (Jewish Hist.) One of the supreme magistrates, with both civil and military powers, who governed Israel for more than four hundred years.

  5. pl. The title of the seventh book of the Old Testament; the Book of Judges.

    Judge Advocate (Mil. & Nav.), a person appointed to act as prosecutor at a court-martial; he acts as the representative of the government, as the responsible adviser of the court, and also, to a certain extent, as counsel for the accused, when he has no other counsel.

    Judge-Advocate General, in the United States, the title of two officers, one attached to the War Department and having the rank of brigadier general, the other attached to the Navy Department and having the rank of colonel of marines or captain in the navy. The first is chief of the Bureau of Military Justice of the army, the other performs a similar duty for the navy. In England, the designation of a member of the ministry who is the legal adviser of the secretary of state for war, and supreme judge of the proceedings of courts-martial.

    Syn: Judge, Umpire, Arbitrator, Referee.

    Usage: A judge, in the legal sense, is a magistrate appointed to determine questions of law. An umpire is a person selected to decide between two or more who contend for a prize. An arbitrator is one chosen to allot to two contestants their portion of a claim, usually on grounds of equity and common sense. A referee is one to whom a case is referred for final adjustment. Arbitrations and references are sometimes voluntary, sometimes appointed by a court.


Judge \Judge\, v. t.

  1. To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a court, or a controversy between two parties. ``Chaos [shall] judge the strife.''

  2. To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom.

    God shall judge the righteous and the wicked.
    --Eccl. iii. 7.

    To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness, And to be judged by him.

  3. To arrogate judicial authority over; to sit in judgment upon; to be censorious toward.

    Judge not, that ye be not judged.
    --Matt. vii. 1.

  4. To determine upon or deliberation; to esteem; to think; to reckon.

    If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord.
    --Acts xvi. 1

  5. 5. To exercise the functions of a magistrate over; to govern.

    Make us a king to judge us.
    --1 Sam. viii. 5.


Judge \Judge\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Judged (j[u^]jd); p. pr. & vb. n. Judging.] [OE. jugen, OF. jugier, F. juger, L. judicare, fr. judex judge; jus law or right + dicare to proclaim, pronounce, akin to dicere to say. See Just, a., and Diction, and cf. Judicial.]

  1. To hear and determine, as in causes on trial; to decide as a judge; to give judgment; to pass sentence.

    The Lord judge between thee and me.
    --Gen. xvi. 5.

    Father, who art judge Of all things made, and judgest only right!

  2. To assume the right to pass judgment on another; to sit in judgment or commendation; to criticise or pass adverse judgment upon others. See Judge, v. t.,

  3. Forbear to judge, for we are sinners all.

    3. To compare facts or ideas, and perceive their relations and attributes, and thus distinguish truth from falsehood; to determine; to discern; to distinguish; to form an opinion about.

    Judge not according to the appearance.
    --John vii. 2

  4. She is wise if I can judge of her.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1300, "to form an opinion about; make a decision," also "to try and pronounce sentence upon (someone) in a court," from Anglo-French juger, Old French jugier "to judge, pronounce judgment; pass an opinion on," from Latin iudicare "to judge, to examine officially; form an opinion upon; pronounce judgment," from iudicem (nominative iudex) "a judge," a compound of ius "right, law" (see just (adj.)) + root of dicere "to say" (see diction). Related: Judged; judging. From mid-14c. as "to regard, consider." The Old English word was deman (see doom). Spelling with -dg- emerged mid-15c.


mid-14c. (early 13c. as a surname), also judge-man; see judge (v.). In Hebrew history, it refers to a war leader vested with temporary power (as in Book of Judges), from Latin iudex being used to translate Hebrew shophet.


n. 1 (senseid en public judicial official)A public official whose duty it is to administer the law, especially by presiding over trials and rendering judgments; a justice. 2 A person who decides the fate of someone or something that has been called into question. 3 A person officiate at a sports or similar event. 4 A person whose opinion on a subject is respected. vb. 1 (context transitive English) To sit in judgment on; to pass sentence on. 2 (context intransitive English) To sit in judgment, to act as judge. 3 (context transitive English) To form an opinion on. 4 (context intransitive English) To arbitrate; to pass opinion on something, especially to settle a dispute etc. 5 (context transitive English) To have as an opinion; to consider, suppose. 6 (context intransitive English) To form an opinion; to infer. 7 (context transitive intransitive English) To criticize or label another person or thing.

  1. n. a public official authorized to decide questions bought before a court of justice [syn: justice, jurist, magistrate]

  2. an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality [syn: evaluator]

  1. v. determine the result of (a competition)

  2. form an opinion of or pass judgment on; "I cannot judge some works of modern art"

  3. judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time); "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds" [syn: estimate, gauge, approximate, guess]

  4. pronounce judgment on; "They labeled him unfit to work here" [syn: pronounce, label]

  5. put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of; "The football star was tried for the murder of his wife"; "The judge tried both father and son in separate trials" [syn: adjudicate, try]


A judge presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges. The powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline, and training of judges vary widely across different jurisdictions. The judge is supposed to conduct the trial impartially and in an open court. The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the barristers of the case, assesses the credibility and arguments of the parties, and then issues a ruling on the matter at hand based on his or her interpretation of the law and his or her own personal judgment. In some jurisdictions, the judge's powers may be shared with a jury. In inquisitorial systems of criminal investigation, a judge might also be an examining magistrate.

Judge (band)

Judge is a New York-based straight edge hardcore band formed in 1987 by Youth of Today guitarist John "Porcell" Porcelly, and former Youth of Today drummer, Mike "Judge" Ferraro.

Judge (2000 AD)

Judge (or street judge) is a title held by several significant characters in Judge Dredd and other series which appear in the British comics 2000 AD and Judge Dredd Megazine. In the fictional future history of the series, the role of "Judge" combines those of judge and police officer, thus avoiding long legal wrangles by allowing for criminals to be tried and sentenced on the spot. Since they overthrew the U.S. Constitution in 2070, Judges have also held supreme political power in Mega-City One. Collectively they are known as the Justice Department.

Judge (disambiguation)

Judge is an official who presides over a court.

Judge or Judges may also refer to:

  • Barrister, a superior lawyer that are appointed as QC
  • Judge, an alternative name for a sports referee, umpire or linesman
  • Judge, an alternative name for an adjudicator in a competition in theatre, music, sport, etc.
  • Judge, an alternative name/Aviator call sign for a member of the Judge Advocate General's Corps, U.S. Navy
  • Biblical judges, an office of authority in the early history of Israel
  • Book of Judges, seventh book of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament
Judge (magazine)

Judge was a weekly satirical magazine published in the United States from 1881 to 1947. It was launched by artists who had seceded from its rival Puck. The founders included cartoonist James Albert Wales, dime novels publisher Frank Tousey and author George H. Jessop.

Judge (manga)

is a manga series written and illustrated by Fujihiko Hosono, published in Futabasha's Weekly Manga Action. The story focuses on the Japanese hell, where judgment is passed on the living.

An original video animation based on the manga was released in 1991.

Judge (policy debate)

A judge refers to the individual responsible for determining the winner and loser of a policy debate round as well as assessing the relative merit of the participant speakers. Judges must resolve the complex issues presented in short time while, ideally, avoiding inserting their own personal beliefs that might cloud impartiality.

Judge (novel)

Judge is a science fiction novel written by Karen Traviss. It is the sixth and last book of the Wess'Har Series. It was nominated for the 2009 Philip K. Dick Award.

Judge (surname)

Judge is an occupational surname of British origin. The first recorded instance of the surname is in 1309 in the Middle English Occupation Register, Worcester, England. The surname Judge may refer to:

Usage examples of "judge".

He asked, what officers would risk this event if the rioters themselves, or their abettors, were afterwards to sit as their judges?

Judge must sentence her to an abjuration of all heresy, on pain of the punishment for backsliders, together with the perpetual penance, in the following manner.

Notary take care to set it down that the said abjuration was made by one gravely suspected of heresy, so that if she should be proved to have relapsed, she should then be judged accordingly and delivered up to the secular Court.

For it says there: He who has been involved in one kind or sect of heresy, or has erred in one article of the faith or sacrament of the Church, and has afterwards specifically and generally abjured his heresy: if thereafter he follows another kind or sect of heresy, or errs in another article or sacrament of the Church, it is our will that he be judged a backslider.

I think this must be admitted, when we find that there are hardly any domestic races, either amongst animals or plants, which have not been ranked by some competent judges as mere varieties, and by other competent judges as the descendants of aboriginally distinct species.

With a few thousand absentee ballots still uncounted and Republican Perry Hooper appearing to be ahead, the Democrats rushed into court to ask a judge to change the rules.

If it is working well, then it is absolutely and in all ways as good as any other system, and who are we to go judging further?

These probably sink down besmeared with the secretion and rest on the small sessile glands, which, if we may judge by the analogy of Drosophyllum, then pour forth their secretion and afterwards absorb the digested matter.

Judging from the number of men in town, it must be Saturday, Ace thought.

I certainly did not act towards them with a true sense of honesty, but if the reader to whom I confess myself is acquainted with the world and with the spirit of society, I entreat him to think before judging me, and perhaps I may meet with some indulgence at his hands.

To be sure, if we will all stop, and allow Judge Douglas and his friends to march on in their present career until they plant the institution all over the nation, here and wherever else our flag waves, and we acquiesce in it, there will be peace.

And, lest the expense or trouble of a journey to court should discourage suitors, and make them acquiesce in the decision of the inferior judicatures, itinerant judges were afterwards established, who made their circuits throughout the kingdom, and tried all causes that were brought before them.

Whether natural selection has really thus acted in nature, in modifying and adapting the various forms of life to their several conditions and stations, must be judged of by the general tenour and balance of evidence given in the following chapters.

Dostoevsky, we may adduce from such words, could well have increased his sense of guilt by blocking the possibility of turning angrily and self-defensively against an accusatory judge.

The glands secrete copiously, judging from the quantity of dried secretion adhering to them.