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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ Floodlighting reflected from the silvery burnt umber cladding of the walls as though ice-ghosts danced there, and set the green columns aglow.
▪ This is a mixture of yellow ochre and burnt umber applied to previously dampened paper.
▪ A burnt umber man in a raw sienna compartment.
▪ A burnt umber man in a raw sienna compartment.
▪ As the chlorophyll disappears during the autumn, the leaves turn fiery red, garnet or umber.
▪ Floodlighting reflected from the silvery burnt umber cladding of the walls as though ice-ghosts danced there, and set the green columns aglow.
▪ This is a mixture of yellow ochre and burnt umber applied to previously dampened paper.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Grayling \Gray"ling\, n. [From Gray, a.]

  1. (Zo["o]l.) A European fish ( Thymallus vulgaris), allied to the trout, but having a very broad dorsal fin; -- called also umber. It inhabits cold mountain streams, and is valued as a game fish.

    And here and there a lusty trout, And here and there a grayling.

  2. (Zo["o]l.) An American fish of the genus Thymallus, having similar habits to the above; one species ( T. Ontariensis), inhabits several streams in Michigan; another ( T. montanus), is found in the Yellowstone region.


Umbrere \Um*brere\, Umbriere \Um*briere\, n. [F. ombre a shade, L. umbra; cf. F. ombrelle a sunshade, OF. also ombri[`e]re. See Umbrella.] In ancient armor, a visor, or projection like the peak of a cap, to which a face guard was sometimes attached. This was sometimes fixed, and sometimes moved freely upon the helmet and could be raised like the beaver. Called also umber, and umbril. [Obs.]

But only vented up her umbriere.


colorful \colorful\ adj.

  1. having striking color. Opposite of colorless.

    Note: [Narrower terms: changeable, chatoyant, iridescent, shot; deep, rich; flaming; fluorescent, glowing; prismatic; psychedelic; red, ruddy, flushed, empurpled]

    Syn: colourful.

  2. striking in variety and interest. Opposite of colorless or dull. [Narrower terms: brave, fine, gay, glorious; flamboyant, resplendent, unrestrained; flashy, gaudy, jazzy, showy, snazzy, sporty; picturesque]

  3. having color or a certain color; not black, white or grey; as, colored crepe paper. Opposite of colorless and monochrome.

    Note: [Narrower terms: tinted; touched, tinged; amber, brownish-yellow, yellow-brown; amethyst; auburn, reddish-brown; aureate, gilded, gilt, gold, golden; azure, cerulean, sky-blue, bright blue; bicolor, bicolour, bicolored, bicoloured, bichrome; blue, bluish, light-blue, dark-blue; blushful, blush-colored, rosy; bottle-green; bronze, bronzy; brown, brownish, dark-brown; buff; canary, canary-yellow; caramel, caramel brown; carnation; chartreuse; chestnut; dun; earth-colored, earthlike; fuscous; green, greenish, light-green, dark-green; jade, jade-green; khaki; lavender, lilac; mauve; moss green, mosstone; motley, multicolor, culticolour, multicolored, multicoloured, painted, particolored, particoloured, piebald, pied, varicolored, varicoloured; mousy, mouse-colored; ocher, ochre; olive-brown; olive-drab; olive; orange, orangish; peacock-blue; pink, pinkish; purple, violet, purplish; red, blood-red, carmine, cerise, cherry, cherry-red, crimson, ruby, ruby-red, scarlet; red, reddish; rose, roseate; rose-red; rust, rusty, rust-colored; snuff, snuff-brown, snuff-color, snuff-colour, snuff-colored, snuff-coloured, mummy-brown, chukker-brown; sorrel, brownish-orange; stone, stone-gray; straw-color, straw-colored, straw-coloured; tan; tangerine; tawny; ultramarine; umber; vermilion, vermillion, cinibar, Chinese-red; yellow, yellowish; yellow-green; avocado; bay; beige; blae bluish-black or gray-blue); coral; creamy; cress green, cresson, watercress; hazel; honey, honey-colored; hued(postnominal); magenta; maroon; pea-green; russet; sage, sage-green; sea-green] [Also See: chromatic, colored, dark, light.]

    Syn: colored, coloured, in color(predicate).

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

brown earthy pigment, 1560s, from Middle French ombre (in terre d'ombre), or Italian ombra (in terra di ombra), both from Latin umbra "shade, shadow" (see umbrage) or else from Umbra, fem. of Umber "belonging to Umbria," region in central Italy from which the coloring matter first came (compare Sienna). Burnt umber, specially prepared and redder in color, is attested from c.1650, distinguished from raw umber.


a. Of a reddish brown colour, like that of the pigment. n. 1 a brown clay, somewhat darker than ochre, which contains iron and manganese oxides. 2 (alternative form of umbrere English) 3 A grayling. 4 A dusky brown African wading bird (''Scopus umbretta'') allied to the storks and herons.

  1. adj. of the color of any of various natural brown earth pigments

  2. n. an earth pigment

  3. a medium to dark brown color [syn: chocolate, coffee, deep brown, burnt umber]


Umber is a natural brown or reddish-brown earth pigment that contains iron oxide and manganese oxide. It is darker than the other similar earth pigments, ochre and sienna.

In its natural form, it is called raw umber. When heated (calcinated), the color becomes more intense, and the color is known as burnt umber.

The name comes from terra d'ombra, or earth of Umbria, the Italian name of the pigment. Umbria is a mountainous region in central Italy where the pigment was originally extracted. The word also may be related to the Latin word Umbra.

Umber is not one precise color, but a range of different colors, from medium to dark, from yellowish to reddish to grayish. The color of the natural earth depends upon the amount of iron oxide and manganese in the clay. Umber earth pigments contain between five and twenty percent manganese oxide, which accounts for their being a darker color than yellow ochre or sienna. Commercial colors vary depending upon the manufacturer or the color list. Not all umber pigments contain natural earths; some contain synthetic iron and manganese oxide, indicated on the label. Pigments containing the natural umber earths indicate them on the label as PBr7 (Pigment brown 7), following the Colour Index International system.

The color shown in the box at right is one of the many commercial varieties of umber, from the ISCC-NBS color list: ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955)--Color Sample of Umber (color sample #61).

Umber (album)

Umber is the debut album of the American post-hardcore band Bitch Magnet.

Umber (disambiguation)

Umber is a brown or reddish-brown earth pigment.

Umber may also refer to:

  • Umber (album), 1989 debut album of the American post-hardcore band Bitch Magnet
  • Umber Island, Antarctica

Usage examples of "umber".

One beholder had lost an eyestalk to an umber hulk, and then, in anger, had ordered the ogre allies to dismember the hulk instandy.

She rubbed her tender temples and inspected the room again, looking up to the accouplement of umber oak timbers overhead to the soft noil bedclothes, elegant furniture, and scarlet cushioned sofas placed near the hearth.

There was no place to fly on Umber, but the ships of the Earth Convoy were equipped for worlds like Rondelet and Biruta, where solid ground was scattered in patches of a few hectares each.

He was tired of worshipping or tyrannizing over the bistred or umbered beauties of mingled blood among whom he had been living.

While what I am to describe to you comes to fruition, I shall play the part of a serene old man, far removed from influence, weary indeed of a surfeit of it, an old countryman who seems mainly interested in the system devised on these umber hills by my neighbor Columella and by the freedman Sthenus for the abundant cultivation of grapes, and in the capital they will say that Seneca is at one of his villas writing tragedies, pruning vines, taking cold baths in all weathers at the age of sixty-two, and sending homiletic epistles to his friend Lucilius Junior, who, poor fellow, is already all too amply instructed by his wordy friend.

The strange hut he had seen in the carving now stood before him, long and humped, the huge bones and long tusks comprising its framework visible between gaps in the thick, umber fur-skins clothing it.

The autumn Bellwoods were beautiful to look upon, with many leaves still clinging to the trees and the ground between carpeted with umber and gold.

All three of the new structures -- the broodmare barn, the stables, and the stud barn -- were painted the color of desert sand and trimmed in a dark umber brown.

As with the ochre red of the Carthagan pavilions, the colours on the ground were earthier, the hues not bright red, yellow, brown, blue or green, but more textured, as burnt sienna, amber, raw umber, aubergine, tawny and jade.

The turkey-cock, with the bronzed sheen of his feathers and the purple-red of his wattles, the gamecock, with the glowing metallic lustre of his Eastern plumage, the hens, with their ochres and buffs and umbers and their scarlet combs, and the drakes, with their bottle-green heads, made a medley of rich colour, in the centre of which the old woman looked like a withered stalk standing amid a riotous growth of gaily-hued flowers.

By comparison to this busy overabundance the polished floor seemed austere, parquetried as it was with wood every shade of brown between palest blond and burnt umber.

The scrub by the river, red-dog-willow, wolfberry willow, had every shade of yellow, and poplar and birch carried on the pageant of gold and umber far up the mountain sides.

It was a brown room with tired umber paper on the walls and ceiling and bronze-colored curtains without luster over the windows and dirty beige baseboards with mouseholes in the corners, and Mayk would have said it felt like a room with a stiff in it.

Imagine porous paper stretched tight under a silkscreen, healthy dollops of gold and saffron ink, smaller ones of chestnut, tiny, tiny pinpricks of some color paler than the winter sun, the sudden back-and-forth of the wedge, and while the wavy lines bleed into each other, the artist dips his fine brush in umber ink and paints on careful rosettes which spread like the ripples in a pond.

Their garments were no less distinctive: pantaloons bound with sashes, shins with wing collars, under-jackets and cut-away tabards, in the colors of black, tan, fusk and umber.