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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
coral
I.noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
coral reef
coral reef
▪ a proposal to protect several miles of thousand-year-old coral reef
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
hard
▪ The skeletal parts of hard corals are made of calcium carbonate and if this is in short supply they can suffer.
▪ Below: The Crown of Thorns can eat hard corals.
▪ They are often found where hard corals have largely died out as a result of one of the above processes.
▪ All the inverts that you are considering are suitable over the long term, but do steer clear of hard corals.
soft
▪ Fish tucked into crevices peer out, while crabs scavenge over the reef and probe soft corals for food.
▪ I would like to stock Tubeworms, anemones, soft corals and shrimps.
▪ The soft shade of coral was the perfect finishing touch.
▪ Sea pens are also called soft corals.
■ NOUN
leather
▪ Soft corals such as gorgonians and leather corals belong to the other major coral family Octocoralia.
▪ Softies Leather corals lack the hard calcium carbonate skeleton of stony corals.
▪ Another difference is that the polyps of leather corals have eight tentacles, rather than the six found in hard coral polyps.
▪ Most of the mushroom-like leather corals belong to this genus, as do some encrusting species.
▪ Unlike many other coral types, mechanical damage does not necessarily mean death for leather corals.
▪ Allow for shrinkage Leather corals, unlike some coelenterates, do not spend the entire time fully expanded.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ a coral necklace
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Fish tucked into crevices peer out, while crabs scavenge over the reef and probe soft corals for food.
▪ I prefer the more austere skeletons of the corals that live frugal, ancient lives in the deep sea.
▪ Sunlight feeds the algae which feed the animals which feed the corals, sponges, clams, and fish.
▪ The corals feed passively on bits of organic material suspended in the water.
▪ The tow rope sprang taut, plucking the dinghy clear as the swell broke, thundering forward on to the waiting coral.
▪ These plants absorb the carbon dioxide released by the corals and so help to keep the water oxygenated.
▪ They spent $ 2 million on environmental measures, he said, and hired biologists to replant coral that would be damaged.
▪ Unable to resist, she decided to treat herself to one of the dresses in a shade of pale coral.
II.adjective
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ NOUN
head
▪ The last time he'd dived off it, the coral heads had been awash.
▪ Fishes of the genus Dascyllus are usually found in large groups, often hovering around a coral head or steep coral face.
▪ Two divers swim through a natural arch at one of the reef's coral heads.
▪ The young are found in shallow waters around coral heads, but the adults move out into deeper water.
▪ He'd sailed these waters for six months and knew every reef and coral head shallow enough to be a threat.
▪ Perched atop a rock or coral head, propped on their fins, they look like lords of all they survey.
▪ There are still some waves breaking in the gap - maybe there are coral heads there.
▪ Fluttering over the coral heads, hiding in the crevices or clinging to the underside of rocks, are flat leaf-shaped worms.
island
▪ G.J. Allman lectured in March 1873 on another Darwinian theme, the formation of coral islands.
▪ I saw in my mind some magic bird, a nightingale of the coral islands.
reef
▪ Many of them were the tops of volcanoes poking out of the ocean, and most were surrounded by deadly coral reefs.
▪ Rather than be blown up, Muller grounded his ship on a coral reef and surrendered.
▪ Marine scientists were pretty sure a coral reef, like any complex ecosystem, must be assembled in the correct order.
▪ Daly suggests that before the first interglacial period there were no coral reefs in the modern sense, which is disputable.
▪ Where does the synthetic coral reef end and the chanting wave machine begin?
▪ The cities of Stalinvast were more like coral reefs looming above a sea of hostile jungle.
▪ Perhaps, after all, this is indeed some exotic coastline-maybe some coral reef, teeming with life of all kinds.
sand
▪ Substrate would be calcium plus and coral gravel, with coral sand on top, separated by a gravel tidy.
▪ The coral sand surrounding coral reefs is believed to be mostly produced by Parrotfish and Triggerfish.
▪ The coral sand will need raking through regularly to prevent it packing down solid and reducing the through-flow.
▪ This accumulates on the sea bed as coral sand.
▪ Do not use coral sand as a filter bed substrate as this will gradually dissolve and affect the calcium level.
▪ While that equipment and gallonage may be, the coral sand and decoration is not.
▪ No shells I have a four foot Tanganyikan tank with undergravel filtration through coral sand and limestone as decoration.
▪ These are buffered to some extent by coral sand and gravel.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ The skirt was coral chiffon with a black velvet top.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
coral

colorful \colorful\ adj.

  1. having striking color. Opposite of colorless.

    Note: [Narrower terms: changeable, chatoyant, iridescent, shot; deep, rich; flaming; fluorescent, glowing; prismatic; psychedelic; red, ruddy, flushed, empurpled]

    Syn: colourful.

  2. striking in variety and interest. Opposite of colorless or dull. [Narrower terms: brave, fine, gay, glorious; flamboyant, resplendent, unrestrained; flashy, gaudy, jazzy, showy, snazzy, sporty; picturesque]

  3. having color or a certain color; not black, white or grey; as, colored crepe paper. Opposite of colorless and monochrome.

    Note: [Narrower terms: tinted; touched, tinged; amber, brownish-yellow, yellow-brown; amethyst; auburn, reddish-brown; aureate, gilded, gilt, gold, golden; azure, cerulean, sky-blue, bright blue; bicolor, bicolour, bicolored, bicoloured, bichrome; blue, bluish, light-blue, dark-blue; blushful, blush-colored, rosy; bottle-green; bronze, bronzy; brown, brownish, dark-brown; buff; canary, canary-yellow; caramel, caramel brown; carnation; chartreuse; chestnut; dun; earth-colored, earthlike; fuscous; green, greenish, light-green, dark-green; jade, jade-green; khaki; lavender, lilac; mauve; moss green, mosstone; motley, multicolor, culticolour, multicolored, multicoloured, painted, particolored, particoloured, piebald, pied, varicolored, varicoloured; mousy, mouse-colored; ocher, ochre; olive-brown; olive-drab; olive; orange, orangish; peacock-blue; pink, pinkish; purple, violet, purplish; red, blood-red, carmine, cerise, cherry, cherry-red, crimson, ruby, ruby-red, scarlet; red, reddish; rose, roseate; rose-red; rust, rusty, rust-colored; snuff, snuff-brown, snuff-color, snuff-colour, snuff-colored, snuff-coloured, mummy-brown, chukker-brown; sorrel, brownish-orange; stone, stone-gray; straw-color, straw-colored, straw-coloured; tan; tangerine; tawny; ultramarine; umber; vermilion, vermillion, cinibar, Chinese-red; yellow, yellowish; yellow-green; avocado; bay; beige; blae bluish-black or gray-blue); coral; creamy; cress green, cresson, watercress; hazel; honey, honey-colored; hued(postnominal); magenta; maroon; pea-green; russet; sage, sage-green; sea-green] [Also See: chromatic, colored, dark, light.]

    Syn: colored, coloured, in color(predicate).

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
coral

c.1300, from Old French coral (12c., Modern French corail), from Latin corallium, from Greek korallion; perhaps of Semitic origin (compare Hebrew goral "small pebble," Arabic garal "small stone"), originally just the red variety found in the Mediterranean, hence use of the word as a symbol of "red." Related: Coralline. Coral snake (1760) is so called for the red zones in its markings. Coral reef is attested from 1745.

Wiktionary
coral

a. 1 Made of coral. 2 Having the yellowish pink colour of coral. n. 1 (context uncountable English) A hard substance made of the limestone skeletons of marine polyps. 2 (context countable English) A colony of marine polyps. 3 (context countable English) A somewhat yellowish pink colour, the colour of red coral. 4 The ovary of a cooked lobster; so called from their colour. 5 (context historical English) A piece of coral, usually fitted with small bells and other appurtenances, used by children as a plaything.

WordNet
coral
  1. n. a variable color averaging a deep pink

  2. the hard stony skeleton of a Mediterranean coral that has a delicate red or pink color and is used for jewelry [syn: red coral, precious coral]

  3. unfertilized lobster roe; reddens in cooking; used as garnish or to color sauces

  4. marine colonial polyp characterized by a calcareous skeleton; masses in a variety of shapes often forming reefs

coral

adj. of a strong pink to yellowish-pink color

Gazetteer
Wikipedia
Coral (color)

The various tones of the color coral are representations of the colors of those cnidarians known as precious corals.

Coral (name)

Coral is a female first name of Indo-European origins. It was the 943rd most popular name in the United States from 1900-1909, the 977th in 1991, and 988th in 1992.

Notable people with this name include: Coral Atkins, Coral Browne, Coral Smith and Carl "Coral" Eugene Watts.

Coral (disambiguation)

Coral is a type of marine animal.

Coral may also refer to:

  • Coral (precious), a red or pink gem made from the skeleton of a coral species
  • Coral (color), several colors similar to that of the gem
  • Coral (name), a given name
  • Coral snake, a type of a venomous snake found in the Americas
  • CORALs, a Centre for Ocean, River, Atmosphere, Land Science, at IIT Kharagpur
Coral

Corals are marine invertebrates in the class Anthozoa of phylum Cnidaria. They typically live in compact colonies of many identical individual polyps. The group includes the important reef builders that inhabit tropical oceans and secrete calcium carbonate to form a hard skeleton.

A coral "group" is a colony of myriad genetically identical polyps. Each polyp is a sac-like animal typically only a few millimeters in diameter and a few centimeters in length. A set of tentacles surround a central mouth opening. An exoskeleton is excreted near the base. Over many generations, the colony thus creates a large skeleton that is characteristic of the species. Individual heads grow by asexual reproduction of polyps. Corals also breed sexually by spawning: polyps of the same species release gametes simultaneously over a period of one to several nights around a full moon.

Although some corals can catch small fish and plankton, using stinging cells on their tentacles, most corals obtain the majority of their energy and nutrients from photosynthetic unicellular dinoflagellates in the genus Symbiodinium that live within their tissues. These are commonly known as zooxanthellae and the corals that contain them are zooxanthellate corals. Such corals require sunlight and grow in clear, shallow water, typically at depths shallower than . Corals are major contributors to the physical structure of the coral reefs that develop in tropical and subtropical waters, such as the enormous Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Queensland, Australia.

Other corals do not rely on zooxanthellae and can live in much deeper water, with the cold-water genus Lophelia surviving as deep as . Some have been found on the Darwin Mounds, north-west of Cape Wrath, Scotland. Corals have also been found as far north as off the coast of Washington State and the Aleutian Islands.

Usage examples of "coral".

These relics included an enclosure of coral blocks marking the outlines of a rectangular building which, Emory and Finney considered, showed similarities to some Tongan structures, and basalt adzes which must have come from a high volcanic island, since basalt does not occur naturally on low atolls.

Coral Lorenzen, author of The Great Flying Saucer Hoax and an international director of the Aerial Phenomena Research Organization, immediately followed through on the startling rumors by putting in a call to Terry Clarke of KALG Radio in Alamogordo, nine miles east of Holloman.

I had placed myself at the port-scuttle, and saw some magnificent substructures of coral, zoophytes, seaweed, and fucus, agitating their enormous claws, which stretched out from the fissures of the rock.

I hastened to the aperture, and under the crustations of coral, covered with fungi, syphonules, alcyons, madrepores, through myriads of charming fish--girelles, glyphisidri, pompherides, diacopes, and holocentres--I recognised certain debris that the drags had not been able to tear up--iron stirrups, anchors, cannons, bullets, capstan fittings, the stem of a ship, all objects clearly proving the wreck of some vessel, and now carpeted with living flowers.

For the last few hundred yards the amtracs had been crawling over the shallow tidal flats, churning the coral mud under their heavy treads and rising farther and farther out of the lagoon.

The first three waves of Marines had gone in with amtracs, whose tractor wheels just ground their way up and over the coral reef.

They had small areolae, of a bewitching dark coral which seemed most intense, and set in the centers of those sweetly angelic haloes appeared two dainty little pink buds, crinkly and twitching with every breath, sweet tidbits, morsels of delight for the lips and the tongue of an appreciative connoisseur such as I prided myself on being.

She wore a new lace blouse, an expensive wrapper, coral beads round her neck, and copper bangles round her wrists.

The Baptist need not look outside his fortress to imagine the sea as it changed from coral red with sunset, to black and silver beneath the rising moon.

The Coral Kraal, and a boat big enough to make the trips to Aruba and Bonaire where he planned to run the best underwater safari south of St Lucia.

I saw also the ruins of incredible sunken cities, and the wealth of crinoid, brachiopod, coral, and ichthyic life which everywhere abounded.

I heard the keel grating against the rough calcareous bottom of the coral reef.

Even the flaring coral pink and incarnadine satins of the capes glistened with the lubricious tones of intimate feminine flesh and served to underscore the essentially lascivious nature of the frenzy that descended upon the tiered ranks of spectators.

German pipes, of chibouques, with their amber mouthpieces ornamented with coral, and of narghiles, with their long tubes of morocco, awaiting the caprice or the sympathy of the smokers.

However, the tides were set fair for an early start in the morning and Chubby ran us through the channel with hardly sufficient light to recognize the coral snags, and when we took up our station in the back of the reef the sun was only just showing its blazing upper rim above the horizon.