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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a suspension bridge (=one that hangs from strong steel ropes)
▪ A famous suspension bridge spans the estuary.
suspension bridge
▪ Safrane's front and rear suspension are based on the MacPherson principle and benefit from programmed movement.
▪ This innovation permits a longer arm and makes for better control of front suspension movement.
▪ The 2001 R1150R also donates its new, lightweight Telelever front suspension to its touring sibling.
▪ The front suspension is taken care of by a pair of upside-down forks.
▪ By 1991, it was a leading light in outlandish front suspension concepts.
▪ And it handles well on independent coil suspension with roll well controlled.
▪ Back at the Glen, he qualified a lowly thirteenth and his rear suspension went on lap four.
▪ Part of the credit must go to the 225/55 Dunlops, the remainder to the multi-link rear suspension.
▪ Safrane's front and rear suspension are based on the MacPherson principle and benefit from programmed movement.
▪ Renault engineers have also carefully developed the rear suspension on Safrane to provide predictable handling even when sideways cornering forces are involved.
▪ A new 5-link rear suspension system stabilises the car, helping you to stay in control even in an emergency.
▪ In addition, the rear suspension allows longitudinal rearward wheel travel in order to reduce tyre thump on poor road surfaces.
▪ The bike is the first mass-produced bicycle to boast full front and rear suspension.
▪ The rear suspension linkage on this race bike appears to operate a shock that lies horizontally under the engine.
▪ The university gave no reason for the temporary suspension.
▪ The operation continued Friday after a temporary suspension of flight activity.
▪ The London Stock Exchange will not normally grant a temporary suspension for more than 48 hours.
▪ The temporary suspension gives the exchange time to investigate any abnormalities in trading and cuts down market volatility, he said.
▪ And it could also have the power to impose a temporary suspension of currency convertibility.
▪ She had panicky thoughts about the Clifton suspension bridge and its alarming suicide rate, but Tavett did not mention Clifton.
▪ Serrell was given a contract to build a highway suspension bridge over the Niagara between Lewiston and Queenston.
▪ I got to the top and walked along a bit, and saw the suspension bridge flying away to my left.
▪ Then in 1850, a wire suspension bridge twisted and crumpled under the tread of marching troops.
▪ The Albert suspension bridge is all lit up and people cheer us.
▪ That the suspension bridge was both graceful to look at and economical to build was undeniable.
▪ Some days ago I saw pictures of the Baghdad suspension bridge being destroyed.
▪ His drawings ran the gamut from the parabolic suspension bridge to the forms and color of various trees and individual flowers.
▪ Equal volumes of bacterial and cell suspensions were mixed and shaken gently at room temperature for 30 minutes.
▪ The resulting crude cell suspension is purified using a Ficoll-Hypaque gradient and resuspended in culture medium.
▪ Five millilitres of cell free plasma were added to the cell suspension and centrifuged at 100 g for five minutes.
▪ This cell suspension was the basis for all the experiments.
▪ The animals were sacrificed 60min later and optic nerve cell suspensions were prepared as previously described.
▪ Therefore platelets were not removed from mononuclear cell suspensions in the subsequent experiments as this process reduced cell yield.
▪ They will have to sit out remaining match suspensions when the finals begin on June 8.
▪ The Hereford team shows the return of Peter Heritage after a one match suspension.
▪ A new 5-link rear suspension system stabilises the car, helping you to stay in control even in an emergency.
▪ There is a fully independent, four-wheel-suspension system with McPherson struts and stabilizer bars, front and rear.
▪ The optical paths are evacuated and the suspension systems are insulated against mechanical vibration by shock absorbers.
▪ Main feature is a new pendulum single coil suspension system with shock absorbers.
▪ Instead of merely reacting to differences in the road surface, as a conventional suspension system does, it anticipates bumps and bends.
▪ The Discovery also shares the Range Rover's suspension system.
▪ The suspension system consists of an orthopaedic footbed which locates the foot in a central position and prevents side to side slipping.
▪ The C5's other selling point is its Hydractive 3 computerised suspension system.
▪ It announced the suspension of all work on the grounds of lack of raw materials.
▪ Mr Clarke's decision followed the suspension of 2,500 staff at 71 London stations for refusing to work normally.
▪ Sarajevo Airport closed by fighting Violence in Sarajevo hit the airport leading to the suspension of relief flights temporarily.
▪ One unexcused absence can lead to a ninety-day suspension of benefits; four unexcused absences can cause expulsion from welfare entirely.
▪ It was this that suggested that there had been pricing errors which led to the suspension of the trusts.
▪ Clinton also alluded to the intractable ideological divide that led to the suspension of top-level budget negotiations.
▪ Already it has led to courts-martial and suspensions of dozens of drill sergeants and instructors.
▪ Ronald Fogleman, Friday night ordered the flight suspension.
▪ He received a two-week suspension after the game which Natal won 31-16.
▪ Officer John Middleton barely avoided losing his badge, receiving a 240-hour suspension, the maximum penalty short of dismissal.
▪ Officer Arnold Stallman received a 120-hour suspension.
▪ Jeff Hynes received a 16-hour suspension.
▪ It also found that 80 percent of the students who receive suspensions are black.
▪ The most severe penalty he could receive would be a suspension of pay, reduction in rank or confinement to the barracks.
▪ This more than made up for the Tramway Department's loss of revenue resulting from the suspension of the service!
▪ Two positive tests could result in a suspension.
▪ He has already been booked four times this season and two more cautions will result in automatic suspension.
▪ Bradford striker Sean McCarthy is set to return after a three-match suspension.
▪ Breacker returns from suspension and Rush is included.
▪ The hooker Fabrice Landreau is also fit once again and the scrum-half Fabien Galthi returns after suspension.
▪ Brown currently is serving a four-week suspension that started on Oct. 13.
▪ Irvin served a five-game suspension this season after pleading no contest to felony cocaine possession.
▪ The two will return to flight duty after they have served their suspensions, Hsu said.
▪ Five coaches were fined $ 42, 500 and one served a one-game suspension.
▪ Baker was given a two-week suspension for criticizing the coach.
▪ As President, Özal refused to consider an immediate suspension of the constitutional ban on political parties.
▪ But he knew that suspension was only a half way house towards complete termination.
▪ Diego Maradona played in a charity exhibition on Wednesday in apparent defiance of his worldwide suspension for use of cocaine.
▪ In this respect, animal cells are quite unlike those of bacteria, which grow happily in suspension.
▪ It was this that suggested that there had been pricing errors which lead to the suspension of the trusts.
▪ She was denied any opportunity to appear before councillors in order to appeal against her suspension.
▪ The suspension will cost him nearly $ 43,500.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Suspension \Sus*pen"sion\, n. [Cf. F. suspension, L. suspensio arched work, imperfect pronunciation. See Suspend.]

  1. The act of suspending, or the state of being suspended; pendency; as, suspension from a hook.

  2. Especially, temporary delay, interruption, or cessation; as:

    1. Of labor, study, pain, etc.

    2. Of decision, determination, judgment, etc.; as, to ask a suspension of judgment or opinion in view of evidence to be produced.

    3. Of the payment of what is due; as, the suspension of a mercantile firm or of a bank.

    4. Of punishment, or sentence of punishment.

    5. Of a person in respect of the exercise of his office, powers, prerogative, etc.; as, the suspension of a student or of a clergyman.

    6. Of the action or execution of law, etc.; as, the suspension of the habeas corpus act.

  3. A conditional withholding, interruption, or delay; as, the suspension of a payment on the performance of a condition.

  4. The state of a solid when its particles are mixed with, but undissolved in, a fluid, and are capable of separation by straining; also, any substance in this state.

  5. (Rhet.) A keeping of the hearer in doubt and in attentive expectation of what is to follow, or of what is to be the inference or conclusion from the arguments or observations employed.

  6. (Scots Law) A stay or postponement of execution of a sentence condemnatory by means of letters of suspension granted on application to the lord ordinary.

  7. (Mus.) The prolongation of one or more tones of a chord into the chord which follows, thus producing a momentary discord, suspending the concord which the ear expects. Cf. Retardation.

    Pleas in suspension (Law), pleas which temporarily abate or suspend a suit.

    Points of suspension (Mech.), the points, as in the axis or beam of a balance, at which the weights act, or from which they are suspended.

    Suspension bridge, a bridge supported by chains, ropes, or wires, which usually pass over high piers or columns at each end, and are secured in the ground beyond.

    Suspension of arms (Mil.), a short truce or cessation of operations agreed on by the commanders of contending armies, as for burying the dead, making proposal for surrender or for peace, etc.

    Suspension scale, a scale in which the platform hangs suspended from the weighing apparatus instead of resting upon it.

    Syn: Delay; interruption; intermission; stop.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

early 15c., "a temporary halting or deprivation," from Latin suspensionem (nominative suspensio) "the act or state of hanging up, a vaulting," noun of action, from past participle stem of suspendere "to hang up, cause to hang, suspend" (see suspend). Suspension of disbelief is from Coleridge:\nA semblance of truth sufficient to procure for these shadows of imagination that willing suspension of disbelief for the moment, which constitutes poetic faith.

["Biographia Literaria," 1817]

\nMeaning "action of hanging by a support from above" is attested from 1540s. Meaning "particles suspended in liquid without dissolving" is from 1707. Suspension-bridge first recorded 1819 (earlier suspended bridge, 1796).

n. 1 The act of suspending, or the state of being suspended. 2 A temporary or conditional delay, interruption or discontinuation. 3 The state of a solid or substance produced when its particles are mixed with, but not dissolve in, a fluid, and are capable of separation by straining. 4 The act of keeping a person who is listening in doubt and expectation of what is to follow. 5 The system of springs and shock absorbers connected to the wheels in an automobile or car, which allow the vehicle to move smoothly with reduced shock to its occupants. 6 (context Scots Law English) A stay or postponement of the execution of a sentence, usually by letters of suspension granted on application to the lord ordinary. 7 (context music English) The act of or discord produced by prolonging one or more tones of a chord into the chord which follows, thus producing a momentary discord, suspending the concord which the ear expects. 8 (context topology English) A topological space derived from another by taking the product of the original space with an interval and collapse each end of the product to a point. 9 (context topology English) A function derived, in a standard way, from another, such that the instant function's domain and codomain are suspensions of the original function's. 10 (context education English) The process of barring a student from school grounds by means of punishment.

  1. n. a mixture in which fine particles are suspended in a fluid where they are supported by buoyancy

  2. a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something [syn: pause, intermission, break, interruption]

  3. temporary cessation or suspension [syn: abeyance]

  4. an interruption in the intensity or amount of something [syn: respite, reprieve, hiatus, abatement]

  5. a mechanical system of springs or shock absorbers connecting the wheels and axles to the chassis of a wheeled vehicle [syn: suspension system]

  6. the act of suspending something (hanging it from above so it moves freely); "there was a small ceremony for the hanging of the portrait" [syn: dangling, hanging]

  7. a temporary debarment (from a privilege or position etc) [syn: temporary removal]

Suspension (body modification)

A suspension is the act of suspending a human body from hooks that have been put through body piercings. These piercings are temporary and are performed just prior to the actual suspension.

Suspension (punishment)

Suspension is a form of punishment that people receive for violating rules and regulations.

Suspension (motorcycle)

A motorcycle's suspension serves a dual purpose: contributing to the vehicle's handling and braking, and providing safety and comfort by keeping the vehicle's passengers comfortably isolated from road noise, bumps and vibrations.

The typical motorcycle has a pair of fork tubes for the front suspension, and a swingarm with one or two shock absorbers for the rear suspension.

Suspension (film)

Suspension is a 2008 American science-fiction film directed by Alec Joler and Ethan Shaftel. In 2007, Suspension won the 'Spirit of the Independents' Award at the Ft Lauderdale Film Festival. It received a special opening night preview screening at the Sedona International Film Festival, and competed at the Sci Fi London Festival, the Cinequest Film Festival, and the Brussels International Festival of Fantastic Film. It was released on DVD and streaming in North America and Australia.


Suspension may refer to:

In science and engineering:

  • Suspension (topology), in mathematics
  • Suspension (dynamical systems), in mathematics
  • Suspension of a ring, in mathematics
  • Suspension (chemistry), mixture of two chemicals with the property that one does not rapidly settle out
  • Suspension (vehicle), system of linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels
  • Suspension (motorcycle), system of linkages that connects a motorcycle to its wheels
  • Bicycle suspension, system of linkages that connects a bicycle to its wheels
  • The superstructure of a suspension bridge
  • Suspensory behavior, a type of arboreal locomotion most popularly exhibited by primates

Temporary revocation of privileges:

  • Suspension (punishment), form of punishment for violating rules in the workforce and academia
  • Suspension of driving privileges ("suspended driver's license")
  • Administrative License Suspension (ALS), a form of driving privilege suspension that does not require a court hearing


  • A form of scribal abbreviation in medieval manuscripts
  • Suspended animation, a dormant state or frozen effects of time
  • Suspension (music), one or more notes temporarily held before resolving to a chord tone
  • Suspension (film), 2008 film directed by Alec Joler and Ethan Shaftel


  • Suspension bondage, the act of suspending a human body using suspension ropes, cables, or chains
  • Suspension (body modification), the act of suspending a human body from hooks that have been put through body piercings
Suspension (chemistry)

In chemistry, a suspension is a heterogeneous mixture containing solid particles that are sufficiently large for sedimentation. Usually they must be larger than one micrometer. It is when particles are left floating around freely in a solvent. The internal phase (solid) is dispersed throughout the external phase (fluid) through mechanical agitation, with the use of certain excipients or suspending agents. Unlike colloids, suspensions will eventually settle. An example of a suspension would be sand in water. The suspended particles are visible under a microscope and will settle over time if left undisturbed. This distinguishes a suspension from a colloid, in which the suspended particles are smaller and do not settle. Colloids and suspensions are different from solutions, in which the dissolved substance (solute) does not exist as a solid, and solvent and solute are homogeneously mixed.

A suspension of liquid droplets or fine solid particles in a gas is called an aerosol or particulate. In the atmosphere these consist of fine dust and soot particles, sea salt, biogenic and volcanogenic sulfates, nitrates, and cloud droplets.

Suspensions are classified on the basis of the dispersed phase and the dispersion medium, where the former is essentially solid while the latter may either be a solid, a liquid, or a gas.

In modern chemical process industries, high shear mixing technology has been used to create many novel suspensions.

Suspensions are unstable from the thermodynamic point of view; however, they can be kinetically stable over a large period of time, which determines their shelf life. This time span needs to be measured to ensure the best product quality to the final consumer. "Dispersion stability refers to the ability of a dispersion to resist change in its properties over time." D.J. McClements.

Suspension (vehicle)
This article is primarily about four-wheeled (or more) vehicle suspension. For information on two-wheeled vehicles' suspensions see the motorcycle suspension, motorcycle fork, bicycle suspension, and bicycle fork articles.

Suspension is the system of tires, tire air, springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels and allows relative motion between the two. Suspension systems serve a dual purpose — contributing to the vehicle's roadholding/ handling and braking for good active safety and driving pleasure, and keeping vehicle occupants comfortable and a ride quality reasonably well isolated from road noise, bumps, vibrations,etc. These goals are generally at odds, so the tuning of suspensions involves finding the right compromise. It is important for the suspension to keep the road wheel in contact with the road surface as much as possible, because all the road or ground forces acting on the vehicle do so through the contact patches of the tires. The suspension also protects the vehicle itself and any cargo or luggage from damage and wear. The design of front and rear suspension of a car may be different.

Suspension (topology)

In topology, the suspension SX of a topological spaceX is the quotient space:

SX = (X × I)/{(x, 0) ∼ (x, 0)and (x, 1) ∼ (x, 1)for all x, x ∈ X}

of the product of X with the unit intervalI = [0, 1]. Thus, X is stretched into a cylinder and then both ends are collapsed to points. One views X as "suspended" between the end points. One can also view the suspension as two cones on X glued together at their base (or as a quotient of a single cone).

Given a continuous map f : X → Y,  there is a map Sf : SX → SY defined by Sf([x, t]) :  = [f(x), t]. This makes S into a functor from the category of topological spaces into itself. In rough terms S increases the dimension of a space by one: it takes an n- sphere to an (n + 1)-sphere for n ≥ 0.

The space SX is homeomorphic to the joinX ⋆ S,  where S is a discrete space with two points.

The space SX is sometimes called the unreduced, unbased, or free suspension of X, to distinguish it from the reduced suspension described below.

The suspension can be used to construct a homomorphism of homotopy groups, to which the Freudenthal suspension theorem applies. In homotopy theory, the phenomena which are preserved under suspension, in a suitable sense, make up stable homotopy theory.

Suspension (dynamical systems)

Suspension is a construction passing from a map to a flow. Namely, let X be a metric space, f : X → X be a continuous map and r : X → R be a function (roof function or ceiling function) bounded away from 0. Consider the quotient space

X = {(x, t) : 0 ≤ t ≤ r(x), x ∈ X}/(x, r(x)) ∼ (fx, 0).

The suspension of (X, f) with roof function r is the semiflow f : X → X induced by the time-translation T : X × R → X × R, (x, s) ↦ (x, s + t).

If r(x) ≡ 1, then the quotient space is also called the mapping torus of (X, f).

Suspension (canonical penalty)

Suspension, in canon law, according to Roman Catholic doctrine and practice, is usually defined as a censure or punishment, by which a priest or cleric is deprived, entirely or partially, of the use of the power of orders, office, or benefice.

When a suspension is total, a cleric is deprived of the exercise of every function and of every ecclesiastical rite, and can also be temporarily deprived of Communion. The principal grounds on which suspension is incurred in the present discipline of the Church are found in the Decrees of the Council of Trent.

Usage examples of "suspension".

On the other hand, a girder imposes only a vertical load on its piers and abutments, and not a horizontal thrust, as in the case of an arch or suspension chain.

Brunei constructed the towers and abutments for a suspension bridge of 702 ft.

Two main towers in the river and two towers on the shore abutments carry the suspension chains.

Several state constitutions contain provisions authorizing suspension from office in such a case.

Nemes, Scylla, and Briareus regard the Shrike across the expanse of the suspension bridge, not phase-shifting for a moment, appreciating the realtime view of their enemy.

First we sedate, using conventional cryogenic gasses, but then we flush it all out using a high-density energy plasma that is slightly altered Flux energy, and that stuff maintains the suspension for a sufficient time to digitize the subject.

There was a report of a guard under suspension, accused of smuggling a case of Downer wine into Q.

The offender conceded the validity of the rationing order in support of which the suspension order was issued, but challenged the validity of the latter as imposing a penalty that Congress has not enacted, and asked the district court to enjoin it.

Peebles mentions a case of suspension of the functions of the kidneys more than once for five weeks, the patient exhibiting neither coma, stupor, nor vomiting.

Paul would put his share in a fund for his children but Hidey and Eli would need theirs to sustain themselves during their two-year suspension.

Life suspension had been expressly forbidden, but the compulsion to deanimate was so powerful in the reception area that even the Inheritor Major himself was partially under its sway.

College Avenue and north on College to Central Avenue crossing the Cascadilla Creek, and downhill to West Avenue and to the suspension bridge above Fall Creek, eastward then to frozen Lake Beebe, along the icy-reedthick shore of Lake Beebe where at dawn juncos and chickadees pierced the air with their sharp, inquisitive cries and he recalled the wild birds at the feeders of High Point Farm, waking to those identical cries, the mysterious speech of birds mixed with his childhood sleep.

During the sitting of parliament mutinies broke out in the fleet, which gave far greater alarm than the suspension of cash payments by the Bank.

The senator from Rhode Island had correctly estimated the probably action of the House, for although on three different occasions attempts were made to pass the bill under a suspension of the rules, the Democratic members, who numbered more than one-third of the House, voted solidly in the negative, and thus defeated the measure.

Now to utter these impious words on the road to Sacche was mere waste of breath, seeing that he addressed them not to God, but to the Archbishop of Tours, who have once severely rebuked him, threatened him with suspension, and admonished him before the Chapter for having publicly told certain lazy people that a good harvest was not due to the grace of God, but to skilled labour and hard work--a doctrine which smelt of the fagot.