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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
make/render/leave sb sterile
▪ Radiotherapy has left her permanently sterile.
render sth impossibleformal (= make something impossible)
▪ The large number of prison guards rendered any escape impossible.
render sth useless
▪ She has a debilitating condition which renders her legs virtually useless.
▪ The stroke rendered her incapable of speech.
render...obsolete (=make)
▪ Will computers render books obsolete?
▪ After killing it, Siegfried bathed in its blood, thereby rendering himself invulnerable.
▪ This, the court said, was an irrelevant consideration which rendered his decision unlawful.
▪ Mistakes which they make about factors which determine the limits of their jurisdiction render their decisions void.
▪ At one end there were serious procedural defects which would render any decision a nullity.
▪ Get some stuff from the services, the bulletin boards, render an opinion, put something on the Internet.
▪ W did not specify any service to be rendered by A and A did not know what was in W's mind.
▪ Reagan clung to the belief that he was not paying ransom but merely rewarding an intermediary for services rendered.
▪ As for the notion of a local tax as a payment for services rendered, it isn't.
▪ We improved the ways the center kept track of its payroll and the services it rendered.
▪ Blemishes like these upon the work of the profession obscure but do not efface the public services it renders.
▪ It is still powerfully reinforced by the service it renders to economic security.
▪ The negotiations were continuing, and fees for services the accountants were rendering were still being incurred.
▪ Cross-frontier trade in some service sectors was basically rendered impossible by different national rules and regulations.
▪ The world has already rendered its verdict.
▪ The predominantly white jury, which ultimately rendered the verdict, was composed of six men and six women.
▪ Unlike the criminal trial, the jury did not have to render a unanimous verdict, although it did.
for services rendered
▪ As for the notion of a local tax as a payment for services rendered, it isn't.
▪ But their kids weren't expected to work for their love, it wasn't seen as a return for services rendered.
▪ Cross-boundary flow adjustments to allocations will be replaced by direct billing for services rendered.
▪ He had expected some final pay-off, a terminal settling of accounts for services rendered.
▪ His full emoluments for services rendered to the three companies are paid by S1.
▪ Reagan clung to the belief that he was not paying ransom but merely rewarding an intermediary for services rendered.
▪ Both runways have been rendered useless by enemy bombings.
▪ Digital technology could render today's televisions useless.
▪ Galan rendered his drawing of a new commercial center in less than a week.
▪ In beautifully rendered prose, she relates her daily struggles.
▪ Maestas' sculptures were rendered in bronze.
▪ Suddenly Packer struck a blow that rendered his victim unconscious.
▪ The angry exchange rendered future compromise impossible.
▪ But when his isolation rendered him vulnerable, he turned to Louis for assistance.
▪ By association, then, sculptural adornment so popular under art nouveau was rendered obsolete.
▪ Such knowledge has rendered meaningless the notion that every conjugal act should be open to the transfer of life.
▪ The negotiations were continuing, and fees for services the accountants were rendering were still being incurred.
▪ The predominantly white jury, which ultimately rendered the verdict, was composed of six men and six women.
▪ The unpredictable, sporadic nature of storms on an open coast presumably render exposed shores unstable in this respect.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Render \Ren"der\, v. i.

  1. To give an account; to make explanation or confession.

  2. (Naut.) To pass; to run; -- said of the passage of a rope through a block, eyelet, etc.; as, a rope renders well, that is, passes freely; also, to yield or give way.


Render \Rend"er\ (-?r), n. [From Rend.] One who rends.


Render \Ren"der\, n.

  1. A surrender. [Obs.]

  2. A return; a payment of rent.

    In those early times the king's household was supported by specific renders of corn and other victuals from the tenants of the demains.

  3. An account given; a statement. [Obs.]


Render \Ren"der\ (r?n"d?r), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rendered (-d?rd);p. pr. & vb. n. Rendering.] [F. rendre, LL. rendre, fr. L. reddere; pref. red-, re-, re- + dare to give. See Datetime, and cf. Reddition, Rent.]

  1. To return; to pay back; to restore.

    Whose smallest minute lost, no riches render may.

  2. To inflict, as a retribution; to requite.

    I will render vengeance to mine enemies.
    --Deut. xxxii. 41.

  3. To give up; to yield; to surrender.

    I 'll make her render up her page to me.

  4. Hence, to furnish; to contribute.

    Logic renders its daily service to wisdom and virtue.
    --I. Watts.

  5. To furnish; to state; to deliver; as, to render an account; to render judgment.

  6. To cause to be, or to become; as, to render a person more safe or more unsafe; to render a fortress secure.

  7. To translate from one language into another; as, to render Latin into English.

  8. To interpret; to set forth, represent, or exhibit; as, an actor renders his part poorly; a singer renders a passage of music with great effect; a painter renders a scene in a felicitous manner.

    He did render him the most unnatural That lived amongst men.

  9. To try out or extract (oil, lard, tallow, etc.) from fatty animal substances; as, to render tallow.

  10. To plaster, as a wall of masonry, without the use of lath.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

late 14c., "repeat, say again," from Old French rendre "give back, present, yield" (10c.), from Vulgar Latin *rendere (formed by dissimilation or on analogy of its antonym, prendre "to take"), from Latin reddere "give back, return, restore," from red- "back" (see re-) + comb. form of dare "to give" (see date (n.1)).\n

\nMeaning "hand over, deliver" is recorded from late 14c.; "to return" (thanks, a verdict, etc.) is attested from late 15c.; meaning "represent, depict" is first attested 1590s. Irregular retention of -er in a French verb in English is perhaps to avoid confusion with native rend (v.) or by influence of a Middle English legalese noun render "a payment of rent," from French noun use of the infinitive. Related: Rendered; rendering.


1580s, agent noun from rend (v.).


Etymology 1 alt. (context transitive English) To cause to become. n. 1 A substance similar to stucco but exclusively applied to masonry walls. 2 (context computer graphics English) An image produced by rendering a model. 3 (context obsolete English) A surrender. 4 (context obsolete English) A return; a payment of rent. 5 (context obsolete English) An account given; a statement. vb. (context transitive English) To cause to become. Etymology 2

n. One who rends.


n. a substance similar to stucco but exclusively applied to masonry walls

  1. v. cause to become; "The shot rendered her immobile"

  2. provide or furnish with; "We provided the room with an electrical heater" [syn: supply, provide, furnish]

  3. give an interpretation or rendition of; "The pianist rendered the Beethoven sonata beautifully" [syn: interpret]

  4. give or supply; "The cow brings in 5 liters of milk"; "This year's crop yielded 1,000 bushels of corn"; "The estate renders some revenue for the family" [syn: yield, return, give, generate]

  5. pass down; "render a verdict"; "deliver a judgment" [syn: deliver, return]

  6. make over as a return; "They had to render the estate" [syn: submit]

  7. give back; "render money" [syn: return]

  8. to surrender someone or something to another; "the guard delivered the criminal to the police"; "render up the prisoners"; "render the town to the enemy"; "fork over the money" [syn: hand over, fork over, fork out, fork up, turn in, get in, deliver]

  9. show in, or as in, a picture; "This scene depicts country life"; "the face of the child is rendered with much tenderness in this painting" [syn: picture, depict, show]

  10. coat with plastic or cement; "render the brick walls in the den"

  11. bestow; "give hommage"; "render thanks" [syn: give]

  12. restate (words) from one language into another language; "I have to translate when my in-laws from Austria visit the U.S."; "Can you interpret the speech of the visiting dignitaries?"; "She rendered the French poem into English"; "He translates for the U.N." [syn: translate, interpret]

  13. melt (fat, lard, etc.) in order to separate out impurities; "try the yak butter"; "render fat in a casserole" [syn: try]


Render, rendered, or rendering may refer to:

Usage examples of "render".

They may opine that I have been an abettor of treason, that I have attempted to circumvent the ends of justice, and that I may have impersonated you in order to render possible your escape.

This illustration is not intended to apply to the older bridges with widely distended masses, which render each pier sufficient to abut the arches springing from it, but tend, in providing for a way over the river, to choke up the way by the river itself, or to compel the river either to throw down the structure or else to destroy its own banks.

If the lead is present as sulphate in sodic acetate solution, it is well to render it distinctly alkaline with ammonia.

The determination is rendered sharper and less liable to error by the addition of a few drops of acetic acid to convert the chromate into bichromate.

In solutions rendered faintly acid with acetic acid, they give a yellow precipitate with bichromate of potash.

He renders the name, Adodus: but we know, for certain, that it was expressed Adad, or Adadus, in Edom, Syria, and Canaan.

And in the event, it has hitherto been found, that, though some sensible inconveniencies arise from the maxim of adhering strictly to law, yet the advantages overbalance them, and should render the English grateful to the memory of their ancestors, who, after repeated contests, at last established that noble, though dangerous principle.

With respect to any financial plans for the present year, the chancellor stated he should reserve to himself the power of adopting that which the situation of public affairs rendered most expedient.

Camden, where rehearsals of adulthood were rendered miniature by a compression of time and space.

With a loss of some two hundred men the leading regiments succeeded in reaching Colenso, and the West Surrey, advancing by rushes of fifty yards at a time, had established itself in the station, but a catastrophe had occurred at an earlier hour to the artillery which was supporting it which rendered all further advance impossible.

The nostrums advertised extensively over the country as specifics for this disease, while they may, in some instances, prevent the attacks for a short time, irritate the stomach, impair digestion, lower vitality, and permanently injure the system, often rendering the disease incurable.

We cannot, In conclusion, too strongly condemn the general resort to strong diuretics so often prescribed by physicians for all forms of renal maladies, but which, by over-stimulating the already weak and delicate kidneys, only aggravate and render incurable thousands of cases annually.

The apprehension of a revolt had inspired the most rigorous precautions: oppression had been aggravated by insult, and the consciousness of the public hatred had been productive of every measure that could render it still more implacable.

We have seen that leaves immersed for some hours in dense solutions of sugar, gum, and starch, have the contents of their cells greatly aggregated, and are rendered more or less flaccid, with the tentacles irregularly contorted.

But she saw the veil he had spread over his resentment, and, his assumed tranquillity only alarming her more, she urged, at length, the impolicy of forcing an interview with Montoni, and of taking any measure, which might render their separation irremediable.