Crossword clues for kidney
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Kidney \Kid"ney\ (k[i^]d"n[y^]), n.; pl. Kidneys (k[i^]d"n[i^]z). [OE. kidnei, kidnere, from Icel. koi[eth]r belly, womb (akin to Goth. gipus, AS. cwi[thorn] womb) + OE. nere kidney; akin to D. nier, G. niere, OHG. nioro, Icel. n[=y]ra, Dan. nyre, Sw. njure, and probably to Gr. nefro`s Cf. Kite belly.]
(Anat.) A glandular organ which excretes urea and other waste products from the animal body; a urinary gland.
Note: In man and in other mammals there are two kidneys, one on each side of vertebral column in the back part of the abdomen, each kidney being connected with the bladder by a long tube, the ureter, through which the urine is constantly excreted into the bladder to be periodically discharged.
Habit; disposition; sort; kind; as, a man of a different kidney.
There are in later times other decrees, made by popes of another kidney.
Millions in the world of this man's kidney.
Your poets, spendthrifts, and other fools of that kidney, pretend, forsooth, to crack their jokes on prudence.
Note: This use of the word perhaps arose from the fact that the kidneys and the fat about them are an easy test of the condition of an animal as to fatness. ``Think of that, -- a man of my kidney; -- . . . as subject to heat as butter.''
A waiter. [Old Cant]
Floating kidney. See Wandering kidney, under Wandering.
Kidney bean (Bot.), a sort of bean; -- so named from its shape. It is of the genus Phaseolus ( Phaseolus vulgaris). See under Bean.
Kidney ore (Min.), a variety of hematite or iron sesquioxide, occurring in compact kidney-shaped masses.
Kidney stone. (Min.) See Nephrite, and Jade.
Kidney vetch (Bot.), a leguminous herb of Europe and Asia ( Anthyllis vulneraria), with cloverlike heads of red or yellow flowers, once used as a remedy for renal disorders, and also to stop the flow of blood from wounds; lady's-fingers.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
n. An organ in the body that filters the blood, producing urine.
n. either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine; urine passes out of the kidney through ureters to the bladder
According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, the Kidney ( Chinese: 腎: shèn) refers to either of the two viscera located on the small of the back, one either side of the spine. As distinct from the Western medical definition of kidneys, the TCM concept is more a way of describing a set of interrelated parts than an anatomical organ. In TCM the kidneys are associated with "the gate of Vitality" or "Ming Men". A famous Chinese doctor named Zhang Jie Bin (approximately 1563-1640) wrote "there are two kidneys, (kidney yin and yang), with the Gate of Vitality between them. The kidney is the organ of water and fire, the abode of yin and yang, the sea of essence, and it determines life and death."
The kidney in animal anatomy is a part of the urinary system.
Kidney may also refer to:
- Declan Kidney (born 1959), Irish rugby union coach
- Kidney bean
- Kidney belt, belt designed to protect internal organs from damage
- Kidney (Chinese medicine)
- Kidney fern, plant
- Kidney International, peer-reviewed academic journal on nephrology
- Kidney Island, Falkland Islands
- Kidney Ore, hematite
- Kidney pie, British dish
- Kidney Research UK, charity funding research on kidney disease
The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrates. Their main function is to regulate the balance of electrolytes in the blood, along with maintaining pH homeostasis. They also remove excess organic molecules from the blood, and it is by this action that their best-known function is performed: the removal of waste products of metabolism. Kidneys are essential to the urinary system and also serve homeostatic functions such as the regulation of electrolytes (including salts), maintenance of acid–base balance, maintenance of fluid balance, and regulation of blood pressure (via the salt and water balance). They serve the body as a natural filter of the blood, and remove water-soluble wastes which are diverted to the bladder. In producing urine, the kidneys excrete nitrogenous wastes such as urea and ammonium. They are also responsible for the reabsorption of water, glucose, and amino acids. The kidneys also produce hormones including calcitriol and erythropoietin. An important enzyme, renin, is also produced in the kidneys; it acts in negative feedback.
Located at the rear of the abdominal cavity in the retroperitoneal space, the kidneys receive blood from the paired renal arteries, and drain into the paired renal veins. Each kidney excretes urine into a ureter which empties into the bladder.
Renal physiology is the study of kidney function, while nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with kidney diseases. Diseases of the kidney are diverse, but individuals with kidney disease frequently display characteristic clinical features. Common clinical conditions involving the kidney include the nephritic and nephrotic syndromes, renal cysts, acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infection, nephrolithiasis, and urinary tract obstruction. Various cancers of the kidney exist. The most common adult renal cancer is renal cell carcinoma. Cancers, cysts, and some other renal conditions can be managed with removal of the kidney. This is known as nephrectomy. When renal function, measured by the glomerular filtration rate, is persistently poor, dialysis and kidney transplantation may be treatment options. Although they are not normally harmful, kidney stones can be extremely painful.
Usage examples of "kidney".
We are also aided by chemistry in determining the exact abnormal condition of the kidneys by the detection of albumen, sugar, etc.
When this happens, water is not properly reabsorbed in the kidney tubules and urination becomes abnormally copious.
And of course they do not tell us of the more than a thousand deaths each year in the United States from the use of aspirin, or the apparent 5,000 annual cases of kidney failure from the use of acetaminophen, of which the best-selling brand is Tylenol.
The bed should be warmed after these are administered and the patient given hot lemonade to bring on free action of the skin, kidneys, and bowels.
We cannot, In conclusion, too strongly condemn the general resort to strong diuretics so often prescribed by physicians for all forms of renal maladies, but which, by over-stimulating the already weak and delicate kidneys, only aggravate and render incurable thousands of cases annually.
High blood pressure magnifies the aging and symptoms associated with diabetes, causes kidney failure and many other hormone-related conditions, and be triggered by thyroid, adrenal, or kidney problems.
This is a tonic to the kidneys, as well as a diuretic and alterative, and is a mild, but very efficient remedy.
In a similar fashion, amylase inhibitors in raw red kidney beans and navy beans make their carbohydrate content unusable.
We can do an angiogram of the heart, or the kidneys, whatever we want, to diagnose tumors or vascular disease.
And a vitamin E blocker in raw kidney beans, alfalfa, and some peas increases the incidence of liver disease in animals.
I told her about burnet, with which they treated cholera and the plague, and about saxifrage, or breakstone, which actually does break up kidney stones and gallstones.
Note the connection of each kidney with the aorta and the inferior vena cava by the renal artery and the renal vein.
Glazed eyeballs on paper doilies, a big liver like a brazil-nut, crunchy marrow-filled femurs, a row of bean-shaped kidneys, a king-size penis coyly curled against its testicles, chewy ropes of muscles, big squares of skin rolled up like apricot leather?
Penrose mentions the absence of the upper two-thirds of the left ureter, with a small cystic kidney, and there are parallel cases on record.
If dehydration worsens, you may get low blood pressure, dizziness, rapid heart rate, and kidney failure, or even death.