Find the word definition

Crossword clues for kidney

kidney
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
kidney
noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a back/heart/kidney etc problem
▪ He was born with heart problems.
a donor heart/liver/kidney etc
▪ The technique keeps the donor heart beating while it is transported.
a heart/liver/kidney etc donor
▪ There is a shortage of kidney donors.
a throat/kidney etc infection
▪ He developed a severe throat infection.
heart/liver/kidney disease
▪ He is being treated for kidney disease.
kidney bean
steak and kidney pudding
steak and kidney pudding
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
red
▪ Heat the red kidney beans in the mixture of tomato puree, chilli sauce and lemon juice.
▪ Drain and rinse the red kidney beans then mash them with a fork.
▪ Serve with a red kidney bean salad.
■ NOUN
bean
▪ Heat the red kidney beans in the mixture of tomato puree, chilli sauce and lemon juice.
▪ Both types belong to the kidney bean family and have a slightly nutty flavour.
▪ Drain and rinse the chick peas and kidney beans and combine with other beans. 3.
▪ Add the kidney beans and a little water if required and simmer for a further 5 minutes.
▪ This is all wrong, as chilli should really be made with pinto beans, a member of the kidney bean family.
▪ Drain and rinse the red kidney beans then mash them with a fork.
▪ Serve with a red kidney bean salad.
▪ Add the tomatoes and kidney beans and bring to the boil. 2.
damage
▪ Although most recover completely from the infection, some suffer kidney damage which can be permanent, and can kill.
▪ Prolonged usage may result in hypothyroidism or kidney damage.
▪ If it laps up a little of this, the ethylene glycol may cause irreversible kidney damage.
▪ The possible side effects are severe kidney damage.
▪ Lead poisoning can cause kidney damage, injury to the central and peripheral nervous system and brain damage in particularly aggravated cases.
dialysis
▪ As his condition deteriorated he was sent to hospital where he is now being treated on a kidney dialysis machine.
▪ Union Carbide dropped development of a suitcase-size kidney dialysis unit.
▪ Make your own kidney dialysis machine using an old cereal packet, some Sellotape and a used toilet roll.
▪ Medicare pays $ X for each kidney dialysis, $ Y for a double heart bypass.
▪ He spent three hours, three times a week on a kidney dialysis machine.
▪ Spinning or selling of its kidney dialysis unit c. Anheuser-Busch Cos. 3.
disease
▪ This may have left him with a condition known as Schönlein-Henoch Syndrome, together with the beginnings of chronic kidney disease.
▪ Ten percent to 21 % of diabetics have nephropathy, or kidney disease, a frequent complication of diabetes.
▪ His Ed Blackwell playing activity was restricted through kidney disease, which required regular use of a dialysis machine far many years.
▪ For similar reasons the presence of severe lung disease and chronic kidney disease is a contraindication to disulfiram administration.
▪ No one doubts the right of the patient with kidney disease to decline treatment.
▪ A lab report detects a kidney disease.
▪ Pollution-related illnesses included kidney disease, anaemia and defects in the endocrine system.
▪ He is reported to be suffering from a crippling kidney disease.
donor
▪ She was born with one kidney, and, at 5, received a donor kidney.
failure
▪ Most of what is known about acute aluminium poisoning comes from studying patients treated for kidney failure by dialysis.
▪ People with kidney failure are increasingly undergoing bypass and vessel-opening procedures.
▪ He actually died of kidney failure, set off by a viral infection probably contracted during a Masonic meeting in mid-November.
▪ Long-term use led to heart damage, stroke, kidney failure, and psychosis in some cases.
▪ Of the 195 hospital cases, 55 developed kidney failure and four children died.
▪ Kumi was 29 days old when she was euthanized after it was found she had kidney failure and was in severe pain.
▪ If it fails, diabetes may develop, which can cause blindness and kidney failure. 7.
▪ The soap can cause foetal damage, anaemia and kidney failure if too much is absorbed through the skin.
pie
▪ There was a manic air to the way he ate his steak and kidney pie.
▪ Nobody could do very much to a steak and kidney pie, she thought.
▪ Often I could only afford a small steak and kidney pie and I'd give it to him, or a chop.
▪ She put down her newspaper as Sandra brought over the steak and kidney pie.
▪ Well it's like steak and kidney pie.
problem
▪ He had some minor heart ailment, and then a kidney problem which could probably have been treated.
▪ She has been diagnosed with tuberculosis, kidney problems and malnutrition, health workers say.
▪ He had long been reported ill with kidney problems and was rumoured to have had throat cancer.
▪ She had been having kidney problems before that and her kidneys began to fail.
▪ Low in sodium and nitrates, this is suitable for those with heart and kidney problems.
pudding
▪ It seems he's able to lay on steak and kidney pudding.
▪ I wondered how they would take to steak and kidney pudding, oxtail soup, and plum duff.
▪ Brendan's steak and kidney pudding is definitive.
stone
▪ BFoy struggled through a relapse, hospitalized for kidney stones, a side effect of his drug regimen.
▪ They did know that despite those high amounts, they could, with careful management, prevent kidney stones.
▪ Women get kidney stones most often during that same age period as a result of an infection that occurs with pregnancy.
▪ Frequently, hypercalciuria and kidney stones are the presenting complaint.
▪ The news about calcium and kidney stones is a case in point.
▪ Those who got the most calcium from their diets were at lower risk for kidney stones.
▪ Treatment Progress Since 1980, treatment for serious kidney stones has moved from huge incisions, to punctures, to non-invasive techniques.
▪ If you go back to the earliest burial grounds, you will find kidney stones and gall stones.
transplant
▪ For 17 years, 52-year-old Anthony waited in vain for a kidney transplant.
▪ This then chooses the most suitable hospital among those in its district that can perform a kidney transplant.
▪ When he was 18 months old he underwent a kidney transplant.
▪ He had a kidney transplant, 16 other operations and almost two years on dialysis.
▪ Vaccines, antibiotics, insulin for diabetes and kidney transplants are just a few examples.
■ VERB
cause
▪ We are told this was caused by a mild kidney infection.
▪ Lead poisoning can cause kidney damage, injury to the central and peripheral nervous system and brain damage in particularly aggravated cases.
▪ It could also cause liver and kidney malfunction and attack the central nervous system.
▪ If it fails, diabetes may develop, which can cause blindness and kidney failure. 7.
▪ If it laps up a little of this, the ethylene glycol may cause irreversible kidney damage.
donate
▪ Erma Bombeck touched so many lives that scores of readers offered to donate kidneys to replace her failing organs.
remove
▪ Since drugs are costly, it might be desirable to give the drug when it is less readily removed by the kidneys.
▪ She underwent surgery to remove a ureter and kidney as a result of the cancer and currently is receiving chemotherapy.
▪ Teresa Proehl of Fremont had a rare and painful condition that could be cured by surgically removing a kidney.
sell
▪ The committee had heard she sold her kidney for £3,265.
▪ Spinning or selling of its kidney dialysis unit c. Anheuser-Busch Cos. 3.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ A kidney, thought to be perfectly healthy was transplanted into a patient on chronic dialysis.
▪ For similar reasons the presence of severe lung disease and chronic kidney disease is a contraindication to disulfiram administration.
▪ I wondered if there might be a pickled heart tucked in among all the livers, kidneys, and spleens.
▪ Pollution-related illnesses included kidney disease, anaemia and defects in the endocrine system.
▪ She has been diagnosed with tuberculosis, kidney problems and malnutrition, health workers say.
▪ The excretion of mercury by the kidney generally forms the basis for measurement of exposure.
▪ They are waiting for a kidney donor and time is running out fast.
▪ Transplant surgeons hope the technique will help to increase live kidney donations and to cut waiting lists.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Kidney

Kidney \Kid"ney\ (k[i^]d"n[y^]), n.; pl. Kidneys (k[i^]d"n[i^]z). [OE. kidnei, kidnere, from Icel. koi[eth]r belly, womb (akin to Goth. gipus, AS. cwi[thorn] womb) + OE. nere kidney; akin to D. nier, G. niere, OHG. nioro, Icel. n[=y]ra, Dan. nyre, Sw. njure, and probably to Gr. nefro`s Cf. Kite belly.]

  1. (Anat.) A glandular organ which excretes urea and other waste products from the animal body; a urinary gland.

    Note: In man and in other mammals there are two kidneys, one on each side of vertebral column in the back part of the abdomen, each kidney being connected with the bladder by a long tube, the ureter, through which the urine is constantly excreted into the bladder to be periodically discharged.

  2. Habit; disposition; sort; kind; as, a man of a different kidney.
    --Shak.

    There are in later times other decrees, made by popes of another kidney.
    --Barrow.

    Millions in the world of this man's kidney.
    --L'Estrange.

    Your poets, spendthrifts, and other fools of that kidney, pretend, forsooth, to crack their jokes on prudence.
    --Burns.

    Note: This use of the word perhaps arose from the fact that the kidneys and the fat about them are an easy test of the condition of an animal as to fatness. ``Think of that, -- a man of my kidney; -- . . . as subject to heat as butter.''
    --Shak.

  3. A waiter. [Old Cant]
    --Tatler.

    Floating kidney. See Wandering kidney, under Wandering.

    Kidney bean (Bot.), a sort of bean; -- so named from its shape. It is of the genus Phaseolus ( Phaseolus vulgaris). See under Bean.

    Kidney ore (Min.), a variety of hematite or iron sesquioxide, occurring in compact kidney-shaped masses.

    Kidney stone. (Min.) See Nephrite, and Jade.

    Kidney vetch (Bot.), a leguminous herb of Europe and Asia ( Anthyllis vulneraria), with cloverlike heads of red or yellow flowers, once used as a remedy for renal disorders, and also to stop the flow of blood from wounds; lady's-fingers.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
kidney

early 14c., of unknown origin, originally kidenere, perhaps a compound of Old English cwið "womb" (see bowel) + ey "egg" (see egg (n.)) in reference to the shape of the organ. Figurative sense of "temperament" is from 1550s. Kidney bean is from 1540s, so called for its shape.

Wiktionary
kidney

n. An organ in the body that filters the blood, producing urine.

WordNet
kidney

n. either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine; urine passes out of the kidney through ureters to the bladder

Wikipedia
Kidney (Chinese medicine)

According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, the Kidney ( Chinese: 腎: shèn) refers to either of the two viscera located on the small of the back, one either side of the spine. As distinct from the Western medical definition of kidneys, the TCM concept is more a way of describing a set of interrelated parts than an anatomical organ. In TCM the kidneys are associated with "the gate of Vitality" or "Ming Men". A famous Chinese doctor named Zhang Jie Bin (approximately 1563-1640) wrote "there are two kidneys, (kidney yin and yang), with the Gate of Vitality between them. The kidney is the organ of water and fire, the abode of yin and yang, the sea of essence, and it determines life and death."

Kidney (disambiguation)

The kidney in animal anatomy is a part of the urinary system.

Kidney may also refer to:

  • Declan Kidney (born 1959), Irish rugby union coach
  • Kidney bean
  • Kidney belt, belt designed to protect internal organs from damage
  • Kidney (Chinese medicine)
  • Kidney fern, plant
  • Kidney International, peer-reviewed academic journal on nephrology
  • Kidney Island, Falkland Islands
  • Kidney Ore, hematite
  • Kidney pie, British dish
  • Kidney Research UK, charity funding research on kidney disease
Kidney

The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrates. Their main function is to regulate the balance of electrolytes in the blood, along with maintaining pH homeostasis. They also remove excess organic molecules from the blood, and it is by this action that their best-known function is performed: the removal of waste products of metabolism. Kidneys are essential to the urinary system and also serve homeostatic functions such as the regulation of electrolytes (including salts), maintenance of acid–base balance, maintenance of fluid balance, and regulation of blood pressure (via the salt and water balance). They serve the body as a natural filter of the blood, and remove water-soluble wastes which are diverted to the bladder. In producing urine, the kidneys excrete nitrogenous wastes such as urea and ammonium. They are also responsible for the reabsorption of water, glucose, and amino acids. The kidneys also produce hormones including calcitriol and erythropoietin. An important enzyme, renin, is also produced in the kidneys; it acts in negative feedback.

Located at the rear of the abdominal cavity in the retroperitoneal space, the kidneys receive blood from the paired renal arteries, and drain into the paired renal veins. Each kidney excretes urine into a ureter which empties into the bladder.

Renal physiology is the study of kidney function, while nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with kidney diseases. Diseases of the kidney are diverse, but individuals with kidney disease frequently display characteristic clinical features. Common clinical conditions involving the kidney include the nephritic and nephrotic syndromes, renal cysts, acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infection, nephrolithiasis, and urinary tract obstruction. Various cancers of the kidney exist. The most common adult renal cancer is renal cell carcinoma. Cancers, cysts, and some other renal conditions can be managed with removal of the kidney. This is known as nephrectomy. When renal function, measured by the glomerular filtration rate, is persistently poor, dialysis and kidney transplantation may be treatment options. Although they are not normally harmful, kidney stones can be extremely painful.

The popularity of kidney as an organ meat differs among cultures. Steak and kidney pie is an example dish from traditional British cuisine.

Usage examples of "kidney".

We are also aided by chemistry in determining the exact abnormal condition of the kidneys by the detection of albumen, sugar, etc.

When this happens, water is not properly reabsorbed in the kidney tubules and urination becomes abnormally copious.

And of course they do not tell us of the more than a thousand deaths each year in the United States from the use of aspirin, or the apparent 5,000 annual cases of kidney failure from the use of acetaminophen, of which the best-selling brand is Tylenol.

The bed should be warmed after these are administered and the patient given hot lemonade to bring on free action of the skin, kidneys, and bowels.

We cannot, In conclusion, too strongly condemn the general resort to strong diuretics so often prescribed by physicians for all forms of renal maladies, but which, by over-stimulating the already weak and delicate kidneys, only aggravate and render incurable thousands of cases annually.

High blood pressure magnifies the aging and symptoms associated with diabetes, causes kidney failure and many other hormone-related conditions, and be triggered by thyroid, adrenal, or kidney problems.

This is a tonic to the kidneys, as well as a diuretic and alterative, and is a mild, but very efficient remedy.

In a similar fashion, amylase inhibitors in raw red kidney beans and navy beans make their carbohydrate content unusable.

We can do an angiogram of the heart, or the kidneys, whatever we want, to diagnose tumors or vascular disease.

And a vitamin E blocker in raw kidney beans, alfalfa, and some peas increases the incidence of liver disease in animals.

I told her about burnet, with which they treated cholera and the plague, and about saxifrage, or breakstone, which actually does break up kidney stones and gallstones.

Note the connection of each kidney with the aorta and the inferior vena cava by the renal artery and the renal vein.

Glazed eyeballs on paper doilies, a big liver like a brazil-nut, crunchy marrow-filled femurs, a row of bean-shaped kidneys, a king-size penis coyly curled against its testicles, chewy ropes of muscles, big squares of skin rolled up like apricot leather?

Penrose mentions the absence of the upper two-thirds of the left ureter, with a small cystic kidney, and there are parallel cases on record.

If dehydration worsens, you may get low blood pressure, dizziness, rapid heart rate, and kidney failure, or even death.