Crossword clues for inflammation
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Inflammation \In*flam*ma"tion\ ([i^]n*fl[a^]m*m[=a]"sh[u^]n), n.
The act of inflaming, kindling, or setting on fire; also, the state of being inflamed. ``The inflammation of fat.''
(Med.) A morbid condition of any part of the body, consisting in congestion of the blood vessels, with obstruction of the blood current, and growth of morbid tissue. It is manifested outwardly by redness and swelling, attended with tenderness, heat and pain. It may be caused by exposure to any number of injurious agents.
Violent excitement; heat; passion; animosity; turbulence; as, an inflammation of the mind, of the body politic, or of parties.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
"excessive redness or swelling in a body part," early 15c., from Middle French inflammation and directly from Latin inflammationem (nominative inflammatio) "a setting on fire," noun of action from past participle stem of inflammare (see inflame). Literal sense in English from 1560s.
n. 1 The act of inflame, kindle, or setting on fire; also, the state of being inflamed. 2 (context symptom English) A condition of any part of the body, consisting of congestion of the blood vessels, with obstruction of the blood current, and growth of morbid tissue. It is manifested outwardly by redness and swelling, attended with heat and pain. 3 Violent excitement; heat; passion; animosity; turbulence; as an inflammation of the mind, of the body politic, or of parties.
the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up; "his face was flushed with excitement and his hands trembled"; "he tried to calm those who were in a state of extreme inflammation" [syn: excitement, excitation, fervor, fervour]
arousal to violent emotion [syn: inflaming]
Inflammation ( Latin, inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators. The function of inflammation is to eliminate the initial cause of cell injury, clear out necrotic cells and tissues damaged from the original insult and the inflammatory process, and to initiate tissue repair.
The classical signs of acute inflammation are calor, dolor, rubor, tumor (heat, pain, redness and swelling) and loss of function. Inflammation is a generic response, and therefore it is considered as a mechanism of innate immunity, as compared to adaptive immunity, which is specific for each pathogen. Too little inflammation could lead to progressive tissue destruction by the harmful stimulus (e.g. bacteria) and compromise the survival of the organism. In contrast, chronic inflammation may lead to a host of diseases, such as hay fever, periodontitis, atherosclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and even cancer (e.g., gallbladder carcinoma). Inflammation is therefore normally closely regulated by the body.
Inflammation can be classified as either acute or chronic. Acute inflammation is the initial response of the body to harmful stimuli and is achieved by the increased movement of plasma and leukocytes (especially granulocytes) from the blood into the injured tissues. A series of biochemical events propagates and matures the inflammatory response, involving the local vascular system, the immune system, and various cells within the injured tissue. Prolonged inflammation, known as chronic inflammation, leads to a progressive shift in the type of cells present at the site of inflammation, such as mononuclear cells, and is characterized by simultaneous destruction and healing of the tissue from the inflammatory process.
Inflammation is not a synonym for infection. Infection describes the interaction between the action of microbial invasion and the reaction of the body's inflammatory defensive response — the two components are considered together when discussing an infection, and the word is used to imply a microbial invasive cause for the observed inflammatory reaction. Inflammation on the other hand describes purely the body's immunovascular response, whatever the cause may be. But because of how often the two are correlated, words ending in the suffix -itis (which refers to inflammation) are sometimes informally described as referring to infection. For example, the word urethritis strictly means only "urethral inflammation", but clinical health care providers usually discuss urethritis as a urethral infection because urethral microbial invasion is the most common cause of urethritis.
It is useful to differentiate inflammation and infection as there are many pathological situations where inflammation is not driven by microbial invasion - for example, atherosclerosis, type III hypersensitivity, trauma, ischaemia. There are also pathological situations where microbial invasion does not result in classic inflammatory response—for example, parasitosis, eosinophilia.
Usage examples of "inflammation".
The diseases known as menorrhagia, dysmenorrhoea, leucorrhoea, amenorrhoea, abortions, prolapsus, chronic inflammations and ulcerations of the womb, with a yet greater variety of sympathetic nervous disorders, are some of the distressing forms of these derangements.
A smarting, stinging pain attends inflammation of the mucous membrane.
Or you could be developing blepharitis, an inflammation of the eyelids.
The commonest form is that known as catarrhal jaundice, due to an inflammation or catarrh of the bile-duct which prevents the flow of bile from the liver and gallbladder into the intestine.
Pastor Crenshaw that one of the arteries by his heart was clogging with cholesterol plaque, along with some inflammation occurring.
It is thought to achieve this in several ways, including making platelets less sticky and decreasing inflammation in the arteries.
By decreasing the inflammation with steroids, you can often decrease the pain associated with the inflammation.
In paralysis it should be our aim to improve local and general nutrition, to relieve local congestions and inflammations, to produce absorption of deposited matters, and to force an abundance of blood through palsied muscles, from which they may derive a proper supply of nutriment, and to which they may give up the products of waste.
In this latitude there are persons who, during summer or early fall, are invariably attacked with acute congestion or inflammation of the upper air-passages, giving rise to sneezing, watery discharges from the nose and eyes, difficult respiration, fever, and general prostration.
People whose upper bodies are being irradiated sometimes end up with a radiation esophagitis, or inflammation.
Proper amounts of calcium help keep your joints free of inflammation and arthritis, as well as help your muscles contract.
In addition, Lassa fever often involves hearing loss, tremors, and inflammation of the brain, or encephalitis, as well as serious breathing problems.
The immediate cause of leucorrhea is either congestion, or inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina or womb, or both.
As a general rule, chronic inflammation of the stomach, duodenum, liver, and adjacent organs, imparts a gloomy expression to the countenance, at the same time the eye is dull, the skin dusky or yellow, and the motions are slow.
The preceding allusion to the complications of chronic inflammation of the liver shows the necessity of clearly distinguishing between the symptoms of this disorder and those reflected by the organs which sympathetically respond.