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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
gum
I.noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
bubble gum
chew gum/tobacco
chewing gum
gum tree
sweet gum
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
chewing
▪ Along with democracy and equality came chewing gum and Christmas.
▪ Somewhere between ginger, orange, peppermint and chewing gum.
▪ If the cooling system sprang a leak pilots had to land and mend the pipe with chewing gum and insulation tape.
▪ Maxham took out something which looked like a piece of chewing gum.
▪ Your goddess, perhaps, is chewing gum.
▪ Clean transport, safe transport with nice conductors and no chewing gum on the seats.
▪ My teeth are soft like chewing gum.
▪ Types of smoking cessation aids Nicorette, a chewing gum containing nicotine, is by far the most widely tested cessation product.
■ NOUN
bubble
▪ Ginseng bubble gum will come next, for the findesiècle beach blanket set.
▪ My soul is tasty and chewy like bubble gum.
▪ That's what you get for buying your jewellery from a bubble gum machine.
▪ More than half of them said it tastes like melted-down bubble gum, which is an apt description of Josta.
▪ Miguel said, bubble gum clacking in his mouth.
tree
▪ They turned into a dirt track flanked by very young gum trees.
▪ And the low cliffs, covered in gum trees, were a pleasure to behold.
▪ Other horses wandered loose among the gum trees, while still others were muzzled and tied up.
▪ The ponies were tied up in the shade to the branches of a row of gum trees which divided the two pitches.
▪ The spear-shaped leaves of the gum tree were dappling their faces as the sun moved towards the Andes.
■ VERB
chew
▪ A trolley was wheeled past by two brutish-looking orderlies chewing gum.
▪ They starved themselves and chewed gum laced with laxatives to lose weight.
▪ Despite throwing chewing gum wrappers at stand-in boss Howard Wilkinson, he was still unable to get a game!
▪ She often showed up late for class, and she chewed gum and tossed her ponytail and whispered and giggled with Servio.
▪ Becky was chewing gum, Rufus thought.
▪ At Disney World, no chewing gum is sold.
▪ Ashley Haworth-Roberts, London Is there any physiological reason why chewing gum always keeps me awake while driving my car?
▪ After one encounter, I did draw one: I let no one near me with chewing gum in his mouth.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
be up a gum tree
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ He champed on his gum in time to the music, and kept a poker-faced expression.
▪ She was always laughing, and her gums were all pink and wet and shiny.
▪ Somewhere between ginger, orange, peppermint and chewing gum.
▪ The gum looks clear over them and they will soon be through.
▪ The forests are mostly mixes of loblolly pine and sweet gum, with a holly and huckleberry understory.
▪ There, they surrendered cigarettes, breath mints and gum, which might pick up radioactivity that could be ingested.
▪ Vitamin C is also important for healthy gums.
II.verb
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Any post office receipts for registered mail should be gummed into a special book kept for that purpose. 5.
▪ Her mouth was gummed up from licking too many envelopes, and she needed a cup of coffee.
▪ It can gum up the intestine or cause acute appendicitis.
▪ It is a good idea to open and close valves every so often to make sure that they don't get gummed up.
▪ My release is getting all gummed up.
▪ The Crows thought long hair was fashionable, and sometimes gummed horsetails into it to increase its length.
▪ The theory is that his balky digestion -- gummed up by too much fruit -- will now return to normal.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Gum

Gum \Gum\, v. i. To exude or form gum; to become gummy.

Gum

Gum \Gum\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gummed (g[u^]md); p. pr. & vb. n. Gumming.]

  1. To smear with gum; to close with gum; to unite or stiffen by gum or a gumlike substance; to make sticky with a gumlike substance.

    He frets like a gummed velvet.
    --Shak.

  2. To chew with the gums, rather than with the teeth. gum up

    1. To block or clog (a conduit) with or as if with gum; as, to gum up the drainpipe.

    2. to interfere with; to spoil. [Slang]

Gum

Gum \Gum\, v. t. To deepen and enlarge the spaces between the teeth of (a worn saw). See Gummer.

Gum

Gum \Gum\, n. [OE. gome, AS. gama palate; akin Co G. gaumen, OHG. goumo, guomo, Icel. g?mr, Sw. gom; cf. Gr. ? to gape.] The dense tissues which invest the teeth, and cover the adjacent parts of the jaws.

Gum rash (Med.), strophulus in a teething child; red gum.

Gum stick, a smooth hard substance for children to bite upon while teething.

Gum

Gum \Gum\, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. gomma.]

  1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum tragacanth; the gum of the cherry tree. Also, with less propriety, exudations that are not soluble in water; as, gum copal and gum sandarac, which are really resins.

  2. (Bot.) See Gum tree, below.

  3. A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive; also, a vessel or bin made of a hollow log. [Southern U. S.]

  4. A rubber overshoe. [Local, U. S.]

    Black gum, Blue gum, British gum, etc. See under Black, Blue, etc.

    Gum Acaroidea, the resinous gum of the Australian grass tree ( Xanlhorrh[oe]a).

    Gum animal (Zo["o]l.), the galago of West Africa; -- so called because it feeds on gums. See Galago.

    Gum animi or anim['e]. See Anim['e].

    Gum arabic, a gum yielded mostly by several species of Acacia (chiefly A. vera and A. Arabica) growing in Africa and Southern Asia; -- called also gum acacia. East Indian gum arabic comes from a tree of the Orange family which bears the elephant apple.

    Gum butea, a gum yielded by the Indian plants Butea frondosa and B. superba, and used locally in tanning and in precipitating indigo.

    Gum cistus, a plant of the genus Cistus ( Cistus ladaniferus), a species of rock rose.

    Gum dragon. See Tragacanth.

    Gum elastic, Elastic gum. See Caoutchouc.

    Gum elemi. See Elemi.

    Gum juniper. See Sandarac.

    Gum kino. See under Kino.

    Gum lac. See Lac.

    Gum Ladanum, a fragrant gum yielded by several Oriental species of Cistus or rock rose.

    Gum passages, sap receptacles extending through the parenchyma of certain plants ( Amygdalace[ae], Cactace[ae], etc.), and affording passage for gum.

    Gum pot, a varnish maker's utensil for melting gum and mixing other ingredients.

    Gum resin, the milky juice of a plant solidified by exposure to air; one of certain inspissated saps, mixtures of, or having properties of, gum and resin; a resin containing more or less mucilaginous and gummy matter.

    Gum sandarac. See Sandarac.

    Gum Senegal, a gum similar to gum arabic, yielded by trees ( Acacia Verek and A. Adansoni["a]) growing in the Senegal country, West Africa.

    Gum tragacanth. See Tragacanth.

    Gum water, a solution of gum, esp. of gum arabic, in water.

    Gum wood, the wood of any gum tree, esp. the wood of the Eucalyptus piperita, of New South Wales.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
gum

"resin," c.1300, from Old French gome "(medicinal) gum, resin," from Late Latin gumma, from Latin gummi, from Greek kommi "gum," from Egyptian kemai. As a shortened form of chewing gum, first attested 1842 in American English. The gum tree (1670s) was so called for the resin it exudes.

gum

"membranes of the mouth," Old English goma "palate, side of the mouth" (single or plural), from a Germanic source represented by Old Norse gomi "palate," Old High German goumo; related to Lithuanian gomurys "palate," and perhaps from PIE *gheu- "to yawn" (source also of Greek khaos; see chaos).

gum

early 14c., gommen, "treat with (medicinal or aromatic) gums," from gum (n.1). In the transferred or figurative sense of "spoil, ruin" (usually with up), it is first recorded 1901, probably from the notion of machinery becoming clogged. Of infants, etc., "to chew or gnaw (something) with the gums," by 1907, from gum (n.2). Related: Gummed; gumming.\n\n

Wiktionary
gum

Etymology 1 n. (context often in the plural English) The flesh round the teeth. vb. 1 To chew, especially of a toothless person or animal. 2 (context transitive English) To deepen and enlarge the spaces between the teeth of (a worn saw), as with a gummer. Etymology 2

n. 1 (context uncountable English) Any of various viscous or sticky substances that are exuded by certain plants. 2 (context uncountable English) Any viscous or sticky substance resembling those that are exuded by certain plants. 3 (context uncountable English) chewing gum. 4 (context countable English) A single piece of chewing gum. 5 (context US dialect Southern US English) A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive. 6 (context US dialect Southern US English) A vessel or bin made from a hollow log. 7 (context US dialect English) A rubber overshoe. vb. 1 {{context|sometimes with (term up English)|lang=en}} To apply an adhesive or gum to; to make sticky by applying a sticky substance to. 2 To stiffen with glue or gum. 3 {{context|colloquial|with (term up English)|lang=en}} To impair the functioning of a thing or process.

WordNet
gum
  1. v. grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great difficulty; "the old man had no teeth left and mumbled his food" [syn: mumble]

  2. exude or form gum; "these trees gum in the Spring"

  3. [also: gumming, gummed]

gum
  1. n. a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing [syn: chewing gum]

  2. the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth [syn: gingiva]

  3. any of various substances (soluble in water) that exude from certain plants; they are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying

  4. cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive [syn: glue, mucilage]

  5. wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum [syn: gumwood]

  6. any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum [syn: gum tree]

  7. [also: gumming, gummed]

Gazetteer
Wikipedia
Gum

Gum or GUM may refer to:

Gum (footballer)

Welington Pereira Rodrigues (born 4 January 1986), commonly known as Gum, is a Brazilian footballer who plays for Fluminense as a central defender.

Gum (botany)

Gum is a sap or other resinous material associated with certain species of the plant kingdom. This material is often polysaccharide-based and most frequently is associated with woody plants, particularly under the bark or as a seed coating. The polysaccharide material is typically of high molecular weight and most often highly hydrophilic or hydrocolloidal.

GUM (department store)

GUM (, pronounced , an abbreviation of literally "main universal store") is the name of the main department store in many cities of the former Soviet Union, known as State Department Store during the Soviet times. Similarly named stores were found in some Soviet republics and post-Soviet states. The most famous GUM is the large store in the Kitai-gorod part of Moscow facing Red Square. It is currently a shopping mall. Prior to the 1920s, the location was known as the Upper Trading Rows . Nearby, facing The Bolshoi Theatre, is a building very similar to GUM, known formerly as the Middle Trading Rows, now the Central Universal Department Store . It is about the same size as a large North American shopping mall. It has a glass roof.

Gum (crater)

Gum is a lunar crater that is located near the southeastern limb of the Moon, and is viewed nearly from the side from Earth. It lies along the western edge of the irregular Mare Australe, to the northeast of the crater Hamilton. To the north-northwest is the larger Abel, and to the east-southeast on the far side of the Moon is Jenner.

The interior floor of this crater has been completely resurfaced by lava that has entered through a break in the eastern rim. The surviving rim forms a shallow, arcing ridge about the interior. A small flooded crater lies across the southeast rim, and the remains of a small crater form an incision along the northeastern rim. The interior floor has the same low albedo as the lunar mare to the east, and is marked only by a few small craterlets.

Usage examples of "gum".

Possibly the gums or the inside of the cheeks may have been scratched or abraded with a pin.

If there be great prostration, with cold extremities, the carbonate of ammonia should be administered, in doses of from one to two grains, every second hour, in gum arabic mucilage.

Boil the whole again in a covered vessel, and stir the fluid well to effect the complete solution and admixture of the gum arabic.

Kali was too crippled and toothless to be the child-killer, though Aganippe had once seen the grim old girl gum a hapless intruder half to death.

We have seen that leaves immersed for some hours in dense solutions of sugar, gum, and starch, have the contents of their cells greatly aggregated, and are rendered more or less flaccid, with the tentacles irregularly contorted.

A little alnico magnet, stuck in exactly the right place with a wad of chewing gum, can erase a hundred thousand units of information before they find it.

When the bark of the main stems is wounded, a gum will exude, and may be collected: it possesses astringent and mildly aperient properties.

September 1509 Sequeira anchored at Malacca, the great emporium of the east, to which were brought cloves from the Moluccas, nutmegs from Banda, sandalwood from Timor, camphor from Borneo, gold from Sumatra and Loo Choo, and gums, spices and other precious commodities from China, Japan, Siam, Pegu, etc.

Next Saturday down at the Elmwood Theater they are having the annual Bazooka Bubble Gum Bubble Blowing Contest.

So far, this had not been the best of summers Besides almost drowning, he had just lost the Bazooka Bubble Gum Bubble Blowing Contest for the third year in a row, Monroe was out of town visiting his grandparents for a month, it was hot, and he had nothing to do.

Ward Mclntire, the man from the Bazooka bubble gum company, stood holding a glass bowl filled with gum all wrapped in shiny wax paper, each containing a shiny wax-paper cartoon inside.

He reached between Alden and me, separated out my left bubby and plopped his toothless gums around the nipple.

Her ascendancy over the King was attributed to the enchantments and experiments of a Dominican friar, learned in many a cantrip and cabala, whom she entertained in her house, and who had fashioned two pictures of Edward and Alive which, when suffumigated with the incense of mysterious herbs and gums, mandrakes, sweet calamus, caryophylleae, storax, benzoin, and other plants plucked beneath the full moon what time Venus was in ascendant, caused the old King to dote upon this lovely concubine.

It contains, chemically, citric acid, pectose, gum, sugar, cellulose, albumen, mineral matter, and water.

Each fluid ounce of the fresh juice contains about forty-four grains of citric acid, with gum, sugar, and a residuum, which yields, when incinerated, potash, lime, and phosphoric acid.