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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a genetic disorder (=caused by a gene from your parents)
▪ Progeria is a genetic disorder which accelerates ageing.
a genetic/hereditary condition (=that is passed from parent to child)
▪ The disease is a genetic condition that eventually causes blindness.
a genetic/inherited defect (=one that is passed to you in your genes)
▪ The condition is caused by a genetic defect.
genetic blueprint
▪ By changing the tomato’s genetic blueprint, scientists can alter the rate at which it ripens.
genetic code
genetic diversity (=having many different genes)
▪ We need to protect genetic diversity in plants.
genetic engineering
genetic fingerprinting
genetic modification (=when the DNA of a living thing is changed)
▪ the genetic modification of plants and animals
genetic/inherited traits
▪ For neural nets and genetic algorithms, it is not so much fallible as crude.
▪ About half that many papers dealt with genetic algorithms.
▪ The idea of genetic algorithms is to mimic natural Darwinian selection of genetic codes.
▪ The method involved forms half of a genetic algorithm.
▪ The full genetic algorithm will be described below.
▪ Enthusiasts for genetic algorithms do not seem worried about this.
▪ The random part is what makes genetic algorithms slow.
▪ The problem certainly runs in families, although research hasn't yet identified a genetic basis.
▪ So-called aberrant behavior, in particular lesbian and homosexual behavior, was shown to have a natural precedent and a genetic basis.
▪ The genetic basis of quantitative genetic variation is being investigated at the molecular genetic and population level.
▪ One is that there is no genetic basis for race.
▪ By manipulation of the tomato's genetic blueprint, scientists can alter the rate at which it ripens.
▪ J., and is the fourth microbial genetic blueprint Human Genome has determined.
▪ Treatments which would pass genetic changes to the children of patients are not so far permitted.
▪ In other words, purely genetic changes do not all, or even mostly, tend towards improvement.
▪ The human species has probably not undergone much genetic change in recorded time.
▪ It may well be that genetic change, like sub-atomic change, is probabilistic rather than deterministic.
▪ A small genetic change might let her have grubs of her own.
▪ It may seem that the element of randomness in genetic change is not very efficient.
▪ A limited pool of parents and a new environment means a subsequent genetic change.
▪ There may hence be two hundred thousand genetic changes each year in that city alone.
▪ One works by crossing two parents with slightly different genetic codes, and mixing their genes randomly.
▪ Language is the same in this respect as telegraphy, genetic codes, and mathematics.
▪ These examples show clearly that the human genetic code does not contain specific instructions to behave in a particular way.
▪ Even the genetic code, which is arbitrary, is the same in all species.
▪ The idea of genetic algorithms is to mimic natural Darwinian selection of genetic codes.
▪ There is no biological need for each to have the same genetic code.&038;.
▪ True enough, these two groups use the same basic genetic code.
▪ Their genetic code cells were showing similar deformities to those of Chernobyl residents.
▪ Genetic evidence A number of studies have now firmly established the existence of a genetic component in the transmission of schizophrenia.
▪ The same study finds a genetic component to the susceptibility to nicotine addiction, too.
▪ Evidence supporting a genetic component to predisposition comes mainly from a large study of 15924 male twin pairs.
▪ Sometimes there seems to be a genetic component.
▪ Finding a remedy may be easier because there is less of a genetic component.
▪ In the case of diseases, the effect of any genetic component is more clear cut.
▪ The unusual geographical distribution is equally compatible with a genetic component.
▪ Because the sample is so large, even the last of these shows evidence of a genetic component.
▪ For the first time in the history of our species, we can dictate the final genetic constitution of the offspring.
▪ Identical twins have the same genetic constitution and usually a similar upbringing.
▪ The rules for interpretation will depend on the genetic constitution of the cells and their developmental history.
▪ Rothenbuhler's experiments on the hygienic behaviour of bees provides a very clear example of the genetic control of behaviour.
▪ Reproductive behaviour may also have more freedom from genetic control and be more accessible to social influence among humans than sociobiology acknowledges.
▪ She subsequently attended the genetic counselling clinic, and was very anxious about the situation.
▪ We included genetic counselling alone, for familial cases when no prenatal diagnosis is available, among primary preventive approaches.
▪ As albinism is of genetic origin, genetic counselling should be available to teenagers.
▪ Complaints of headaches should be taken seriously and genetic counselling made available at the appropriate time.
▪ Macular degeneration can be hereditary and genetic counselling appropriate.
▪ Some cases are hereditary so genetic counselling should be given.
▪ One of the first steps will be to organise genetic counselling for all children not yet tested.
▪ Family 1 Patient 301 was the first person in this family to be referred for genetic counselling.
▪ A clear example of a mutation altering development is the inherited genetic defect, sickle cell anaemia.
▪ Just as a ratchet turns easily one way but can not turn back, so genetic defects inevitably accumulate.
▪ They announced yesterday that their treatment also eliminates the genetic defect in laboratory mice, bred with cystic fibrosis.
▪ The pair announced that they had identified a genetic defect in the dopamine system of some alcoholics.
▪ The finding could ultimately lead to a way to correct the genetic defect, scientists say.
▪ The mouse is bred with the genetic defect but remains alive, enabling potential cures to be tested out on it.
▪ Cancer, genetic defects and accelerated ageing can be caused by exposure to low level radiation.
▪ The factors that influence the size of the proliferative compartment are less clear, though in rats there are genetic differences.
▪ But others at the Tuskegee meeting cautioned against dismissing too casually possible genetic differences in health outcomes among racial and ethnic groups.
▪ But this study has, for the first time, clearly demonstrated a genetic difference between concordant and discordant identical twins.
▪ The extent to which these categories reflect underlying genetic differences is unknown.
▪ They are worried that genetic differences imported into the native flora will have profound ecological consequences.
▪ This study exemplifies the combined use of human and mouse genetics to dissect human genetic diseases involving multiple genes and complex phenotypes.
▪ Will we use our technological brilliance to annihilate genetic diseases before they strike?
▪ You can cure many genetic diseases by changing the environment.
▪ Many genetic diseases are now routinely tested for in this way.
▪ Cancer is a genetic disease of body cells.
▪ The human genome project opens up the possibility of eliminating certain inherited, genetic diseases.
▪ There are about 4000 inherited human genetic diseases.
▪ Animals can also serve as ` models' for human genetic diseases.
▪ A genetic disorder led to her using a cane and seeking a hip replacement.
▪ She had Sanfilippo's syndrome, a genetic disorder that attacks the nervous system.
▪ Some genetic disorders predispose individuals to the toxic effects of substances found in the workplace or environment.
▪ Their ruthless pursuit of Navajos in the 1860s led to isolation of a small band, which interbred, risking genetic disorders.
▪ About one child in 20 admitted to hospital has some kind of genetic disorder.
▪ Was it overlooked because it demonstrates that insights into genetic disorders can be gained without use of human embryos?
▪ Bradley and colleagues are well aware of these problems as they seek to justify newborn screening for this untreatable genetic disorder.
▪ In the long term, the loss of genetic diversity will reduce the gene pool available for agricultural crops.
▪ Such behavioral diversity serves the same function as genetic diversity, and indeed compensates for restrictions on genetic diversity.
▪ The world's main food and livestock species have centres of genetic diversity in the South.
▪ Such behavioral diversity serves the same function as genetic diversity, and indeed compensates for restrictions on genetic diversity.
▪ For more than 10 years voluntary organizations around the world have been working to collect and conserve genetic diversity in community seed banks.
▪ Another possible place of chaos in genetic diversity generation is in the origin of life.
▪ The existing pool offered too little genetic diversity to support energetic research, they said.
▪ The basic similarity between cells refers not only to their general plan but also to their genetic endowment.
▪ The offspring, however, are slightly different from one another in genetic endowment.
▪ This set of preoccupations led the ethologists to assume a more complex and extensive set of genetic endowments underlying behaviour.
▪ For the genetic engineers, the grail of nitrogen-fixation remains unattainable.
▪ Recently, John Fagin, an internationally recognized molecular biologist and former genetic engineer from Fairfield, Iowa, made a stand.
▪ It is a widespread phenomenon, not restricted to nuclear power or genetic engineering.
▪ Why all the concentration on genetic engineering?
▪ They are widely used in genetic engineering as vectors into which foreign genes are inserted for subsequent cloning or expression in cells.
▪ But could this fantasy of genetic engineering ever become reality?
▪ The film, starring Sam Neill and Laura Dern, mixes palaeontology and genetic engineering.
▪ In the event the anticipated collapse of the first genetic engineering company amid a pile of bad debts did not come about.
▪ There is also considerable potential for the development of novel biological control agents by genetic engineering.
▪ There is a good chapter on biotechnology and genetic engineering, with a simple explanation of gene splicing.
▪ On average, environmental factors caused about twice as many cancers as inborn genetic factors.
▪ While some aspects of personality development are influenced by genetic factors, others are influenced by the environment.
▪ In short, genetic factors are regarded as crucial in determining the eventual performance n sport.
▪ The authors concluded that genetic factors play a major role in the etiology of alcoholism in women.
▪ They also concluded that genetic factors alone, without environmental interactions, could account for this segregation.
▪ He concludes that changes in genetic factors obviously can not explain the crime wave.
▪ Given that the involvement of genetic factors is no longer in dispute, two questions need to be answered.
▪ Ulcers tend to run in families, and genetic factors may make some people more susceptible to aggressive factors than others.
▪ Nothing on the bodies, except of course as you pointed out his genetic fingerprint.
▪ Transduction of genetic information by bacteriophages occurs in many groups of bacteria.
▪ Until recently, it was rare for legislation to address genetic information in relation to health insurance at all.
▪ Its digital nature is not an incidental fact that happens to be true of genetic information technology.
▪ Now there is a patchwork of state legislation enacted to deal with the legal and ethical issues raised by genetic information.
▪ Transconjugant: a bacterium with new genetic information resulting from conjugation.
▪ The reason is not clear, but must be the result of some subtle change in the genetic information in the nucleus.
▪ Fertility genes enable a plasmid's genetic information to be transferred from a donor to a recipient strain.
▪ The study is being published as the commission launches a huge public consultation on the future use of genetic information.
▪ If he did, the probability is that his genetic inheritance played its part somewhere along the line.
▪ I appreciate that scientists may believe our characteristics and tendencies are passed on by genetic inheritance.
▪ Likes and dislikes can not be put down to pure genetic inheritance alone.
▪ Temperament seems to be the result of three different factors - genetic inheritance, past experience and present environment.
▪ The evidence for genetic inheritance is much less strong for the less severe forms of depression.
▪ However, scientists predict they will soon be able to map the entire human genetic makeup.
▪ They studied mice whose genetic makeup gives them distinctive yellow fur, but also makes them chubby.
▪ Caregivers and families need to recognize that they, too, have been influenced by their own earlier experiences and genetic makeup.
▪ I'd forgotten the genetic manipulation.
▪ Principles for the Future Biologists tend to view the future of genetic manipulation as promising.
▪ Several prominent firms engaged in genetic manipulation for the agricultural and food industries have been excluded from participation in the venture.
▪ The Institute has facilities for work with pathogenic viruses and for genetic manipulation.
▪ So Potrykus used genetic manipulation to insert genes from the daffodil that encode the biological machinery for production of beta carotene.
▪ But, as genetic manipulation leaves the laboratory and enters the factory, just how safe is it?
▪ In the larger context your parents inherited their blood groups and other genetic markers from their ancestors.
▪ Research is currently in progress to detect an accurate genetic marker for the disease.
▪ Secondly, of course, fertilisation adds genetic material.
▪ That enzyme is crucial to the translation of the virus' genetic material and the reproduction of more viruses inside the host.
▪ Bacteria can conjugate sexually and exchange genetic material through a connecting tube that forms between two cells.
▪ It involves taking genetic material from an adult mammal and inserting it into an unfertilized egg cell.
▪ No novel genetic material will be introduced into the environment.
▪ The more violent the oscillations the greater the amount of parasitic genetic material.
▪ The genetic material has to divide exactly.
▪ The work was conducted on genetic material retrieved from embryos, not on embryos themselves.
▪ So we have a convenient animal to study for which there are also real benefits of cloning and genetic modification.
▪ Many people argue that we need genetic modification of crops and animals in order to feed the world.
▪ Meanwhile international seed suppliers and scientists have admitted that contamination of crops by genetic modification is probably widespread.
▪ Fears that radiotherapy would cause genetic mutations leading to handicaps in offspring appear to be groundless, according to studies among 3,000 survivors.
▪ But in the 1980s, scientists found that a genetic mutation was responsible.
▪ Variations occur within a population, explicable as genetic mutations or the results of mixing of genetic material.
▪ On the other hand, most cases of the disease seem to develop without genetic mutations, Gibbs said.
▪ With enough genetic mutations at hand, the behaviour could perhaps have evolved independently in each species.
▪ Some people may have a predisposition to the genetic mutations that lead to disease.
▪ A staging system for established cancer might also be based on genetic mutations.
▪ Trichloroethene, a probable human carcinogen, can cause liver damage and genetic mutations in both human and animal populations.
▪ But what can the new genetic science tell us about genetic predispositions towards certain kinds of behaviour?
▪ However, a genetic predisposition does not seem to be the only factor that accounts for these disorders.
▪ The role of genes encoding other alcohol metabolising enzymes in a genetic predisposition to alcoholic liver damage has yet to be explored.
▪ But as the study just cited indicates, environmental influences can powerfully affect the way genetic predispositions are expressed in human behavior.
▪ If he too is just an automaton driven by his genetic predispositions what can be the scientific value of his observations?
▪ Perhaps in people with a genetic predisposition, the trigger sends the immune system into permanent overdrive and disarray.
▪ There are interactions between genetic predisposition and environmental factors.
▪ Some kind of genetic predisposition also is likely.
▪ They already believe the illness can be inherited through a complex pattern of genetic relationships.
▪ There is, however, no reason to suppose that animals have a concept of genetic relationship.
▪ The frequency in other family members is directly related to the closeness of the genetic relationship.
▪ Neurophysiology and genetic research will, without doubt, have profound social impacts.
▪ It already is discouraging participation in vital genetic research that could lead to effective new preventive medical strategies and cures.
▪ It has already applied for more than 6,000 patents based on its genetic research.
▪ Many more tests Mike Urmston of the Norwich Union says the use of genetic test results benefits most people with gene disorders.
▪ And new genetic tests for other dread diseases are appearing almost every day.
▪ Merely asking for a genetic test moved her into a high-risk insurance category.
▪ The discovery could lead to a genetic test that would identify people who face a heightened cancer risk because they are carriers.
▪ Nocturnal enuresis alone, particularly if primary, is both a disorder of maturation and a genetic trait.
▪ Cultural practices, like genetic traits, are transmitted from individual to individual.
▪ The genetic basis of quantitative genetic variation is being investigated at the molecular genetic and population level.
▪ This suggests that human genetic variation is the result of only a few thousand minor differences between proteins.
▪ Heritability is defined as the proportion due to genes; it is the ratio of genetic variation to the total variation.
▪ Darwinian selection has to have genetic variation to work on.
▪ The amount of standing genetic variation for ageing within populations, and the number of genes involved, are not informative.
genetic mutations
▪ They now have a genetic test for that disease.
▪ And new genetic tests for other dread diseases are appearing almost every day.
▪ Another possible place of chaos in genetic diversity generation is in the origin of life.
▪ By manipulation of the tomato's genetic blueprint, scientists can alter the rate at which it ripens.
▪ Chaotic population dynamics has a surprising cross-level effect which has enormous significance for genetic structure and evolution.
▪ Evidence supporting a genetic component to predisposition comes mainly from a large study of 15924 male twin pairs.
▪ Language differences, a huge barrier to mating, exemplify genetic isolating mechanisms.
▪ Others were a mixture of genetic strands, part terrestrial, part non.
▪ Who knows, for example, what the pharmaceutical business will look like when the potentials of genetic engineering have been realized?
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Genetic \Ge*net"ic\ (j[-e]*n[e^]t"[i^]k), a.

  1. Same as Genetical.

  2. Of or pertaining to genes or genetics; as, the genetic code.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"pertaining to origins," coined 1831 by Carlyle from Greek genetikos "genitive," from genesis "origin" (see genus). Biological sense first recorded in Darwin, 1859. Related: Genetically. Genetical is attested from 1650s.


a. (context genetics English) Relating to genetics or genes.

  1. adj. tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity; "an inherited disease"; "familial traits"; "genetically transmitted features" [syn: familial, hereditary, inherited, transmitted, transmissible]

  2. of or relating to or produced by or being a gene; "genic combinations"; "genetic code" [syn: genic]

  3. of or relating to the science of genetics; "genetic research" [syn: genetical]


Genetic may refer to:

  • Genetics, in biology, the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms
    • Genetic, used as an adjective, refers to heredity of traits
    • Gene, a unit of heredity in the genome of an organism
    • Genetic recombination, refers to the recombining of alleles resulting in a new molecule of DNA
  • Genetic (linguistics), in linguistics, a relationship between two languages with a common ancestor language
  • Genetic algorithm, in computer science, a kind of search technique modeled on evolutionary biology

Usage examples of "genetic".

She was convinced that the allomorphic trait could easily be eradicated through genetic engineering.

I wondered how many of the aliens were illicit sharers in the human genetic heritage, freed from the allomorphism that had limited their racial progress.

And artificial insemination and genetic tampering were banned under the New Amazonian constitution.

Their skins are chocolate-tinted but their faces betray the genetic mishmash that is their ancestry - perhaps they call themselves Arapesh, Mundugumor, Tchambuli, Mafulu, in the way that he calls himself a Jew, but they have been liberally larded with chromosomes contributed by Chinese, Japanese, Europeans, Africans, everything.

Hans talks about the areology of the volcano, and he and Stephan discuss the genetic engineering that makes the wildlife around them possible.

Because of its vitality, skill at robbing other bees of -their honey stores, and most of all its genetic dominance, adansonii had accomplished a biological miracle.

The quality could be transmitted by using the genetic material of the dumb bees itself.

This boy, born in Moss Side in 1916, was to be -- by a twist if not genetic then purely coincidental, since family interest in Giuseppe Gioacchino Belli was born and apparently died with the founder of the family -- the translator into English of the great Roman poet.

A psion capable of producing the focused bioenergetic fields necessary to alter genetic material and.

The spurt forward in genetic bioengineering that made you possible was based on the perfection of a new technology, the uterine replicator, from Beta Colony.

They lived by a different kind of morality, involving the German biomedical vision that justified killing in the interests of preserving the blood and genetic integrity of the Volk.

She was reminded of the taaphur, a sea creature that existed now only as a genetic blueprint in the memory qahsa of the shapers and in its biotechnological derivatives.

She was reminded of the taaphur, a sea crea-ture that existed now only as a genetic blueprint in the memory qahsa of the shapers and in its biotechnological derivatives.

I think there must have been something in the genetic memory of the Bodark settlers that made them seek out a countryside that looked exactly like your County Derry.

Hannah meandered through the crowd, him lending an ear to anyone wanting to bend it, while she sorted blondes, brunettes, the bald and the gray from carrottops, Titians, genetic auburns and unnatural hennas.