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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
industrial archaeology
▪ In recent years, the number of visitors to Foxton has increased considerably, as has interest in industrial archaeology.
▪ Discovering the Early Civilizations By the 1880s, then, many of the ideas underlying modern archaeology had been developed.
▪ This method of reclaiming the dead, we may note in passing, survives in modern archaeology.
▪ Conservation measures of this kind help to explain the enormous cost of both wetland and underwater archaeology.
▪ The Breadalbane and Lake Ontario expeditions have opened a new era in underwater archaeology, Nelson says.
▪ Another is built around what one can learn through the science of archaeology.
▪ But there can be no doubt that archaeology will never be the same again.
▪ Indeed, since the First World War, the development of archaeology has accelerated dramatically.
▪ Like woodland, such areas have their own archaeology - and their own characteristic field monuments.
▪ One effective way to study formation processes is through long-term experimental archaeology.
▪ Simultaneously he pursued an interest in archaeology.
▪ The elaborate burial of the Scythian kings is described by Herodotus and is almost entirely confirmed by archaeology.
▪ They contacted Newcastle University's archaeology department which sent a team down to investigate.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Archaeology \Ar`ch[ae]*ol"o*gy\ ([aum]r`k[-e]*[o^]l"[-o]*j[y^]), n. [Gr. 'archaiologi`a; 'archai^os ancient (fr. 'archh` beginning) + lo`gos discourse, le`gein to speak.] The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc. [1913 Webster] ||

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1600, "ancient history," from French archéologie (16c.) or directly from Greek arkhaiologia "the study of ancient things;" see archaeo- + -ology. Meaning "scientific study of ancient peoples" recorded by 1825. Related: Archaeological; archaeologically.


n. The study of the past by excavation and analysis of its material remains:


n. the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures [syn: archeology]

Archaeology (disambiguation)

Archaeology is the study of ancient cultures through examination of the artifacts they left behind. It may also refer to:

Archaeology (magazine)

Archaeology magazine is a bimonthly mainstream publication for the general public, supported by its website

Archaeology (album)

Archaeology is the second album by parody band The Rutles. Like their previous release, the album contains pastiches of Beatles songs.

Three of the four musicians who had created the soundtrack for the 1978 film – Neil Innes, John Halsey, and Ricky Fataar – reunited in 1996 and recorded a second album, Archaeology, an affectionate send-up of The Beatles Anthology albums (although its original cover design rather parodied that of The Beatles' singles compilation Past Masters: Volume One). The fourth 'real' Rutle, Ollie Halsall, died in Spain in 1992. Eric Idle was invited to participate, but declined.

Like the Anthology project that it lampooned, it featured tracks ostensibly from all periods of the Rutles' career, sequenced to reflect the fictional band's chronology. Several of the songs were actually older Innes songs that were dusted off and given the 'Rutles' treatment. The reunion was blessed by George Harrison, who encouraged The Pre-Fab Four to proceed. (When approached, he told Innes, 'Sure. It's all part of the "soup"...', an encounter that Innes related in interviews in 1996.)

The reunion was triggered by Innes's appearance at the Los Angeles festival "Monty Python: Lust For Glory!", an event that celebrated the 25th anniversary of the Monty Python troupe and was produced by Martin Lewis for the American Cinematheque. Innes performed two sold-out gigs at Los Angeles's Troubadour Club under the name "Ron Nasty & The New Rutles", using a local Beatles tribute band.

Following the success of the shows, Lewis and Innes collaborated on the project that became Archaeology.


Archaeologists study human prehistory and history, from the development of the first stone tools at Lomekwi in East Africa 3.3 million years ago up until recent decades. Archaeology as a field is distinct from the discipline of paleontology, the study of fossil remains. Archaeology is particularly important for learning about prehistoric societies, for whom there may be no written records to study. Prehistory includes over 99% of the human past, from the Paleolithic until the advent of literacy in societies across the world. Archaeology has various goals, which range from understanding culture history to reconstructing past lifeways to documenting and explaining changes in human societies through time.

The discipline involves surveying, excavation and eventually analysis of data collected to learn more about the past. In broad scope, archaeology relies on cross-disciplinary research. It draws upon anthropology, history, art history, classics, ethnology, geography, geology, linguistics, semiology, physics, information sciences, chemistry, statistics, paleoecology, paleontology, paleozoology, paleoethnobotany, and paleobotany.

Archaeology developed out of antiquarianism in Europe during the 19th century, and has since become a discipline practiced across the world. Since its early development, various specific sub-disciplines of archaeology have developed, including maritime archaeology, feminist archaeology and archaeoastronomy, and numerous different scientific techniques have been developed to aid archaeological investigation. Nonetheless, today, archaeologists face many problems, such as dealing with pseudoarchaeology, the looting of artifacts, a lack of public interest, and opposition to the excavation of human remains.

Usage examples of "archaeology".

I do not have a formal academic background in archaeology or anthropology, I daresay that I am quite a recognized expert on the Anasazi and that the two scientists currently working up there depend on me for the answers to certain mysteries.

Masonic Cyclopaedia and Handbook of Masonic Archaeology, History and Biography , George Kenning, London, 1878.

They had met at Scripps, where he was studying for his doctorate in deep-ocean geology, and Gamay was switching her field of interest from nautical archaeology to marine biology.

At home I was an anthropologist, had done work among the modern Quechua, then went into the archaeology of the region.

Nazis as amateurs Her theory had the inhabitants of Atlantis--or Thule, as in the scientific field of archaeology, more interested in the Nazis had named it-- representing the Fourth Race, propaganda than science.

He not only wanted to escape the cold, but he was looking forward to the lecture this morning in his Greek archaeology class.

In fact, the chairman of archaeology in all our major universities is actually the chairman of the history of sculpture.

So by focusing on the aesthetic aspects of archaeology, we ever so slightly elevate our present culture.

When Indy had first arrived, Doumas had made a point of showing off his knowledge of Delphi, and archaeology in general, at every opportunity.

Then, by the second day, when he found out that Indy was not even an archaeology graduate student, he had simply ignored him.

Although he had a good mind and was surprisingly well informed about archaeology, he lacked experience.

Maybe his first professional archaeology experience would be his last.

But Marcus Brody, an old family friend and a curator of an archaeology museum, had given him the lead for the job.

The native Londoner had wired him that one of his contacts at the University of London had informed him about an opening for a summer teaching job in archaeology that could become full-time in the fall.

I mean you seem to know the material, and your mother is certainly more knowledgeable about British archaeology than I am.