Find the word definition

Crossword clues for linguistics

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ Since then, there has been a steady output of research within this branch of applied linguistics.
▪ If applied linguistics is left exclusively to an elite band of researchers, then the whole object of the exercise disappears.
▪ There is a very pervasive belief that it is research in theoretical and applied linguistics which provides the solutions.
▪ Why do stereotypes like this persist not just in folklinguistics but also in modern scientific linguistics?
▪ Semantics has not always enjoyed a prominent role in modern linguistics.
▪ In borrowing from structural linguistics the early structuralists took on the task of analysing signs and systems of signification.
▪ Taking its cue from structural linguistics, it will concentrate on the signifiers at the expense of the signifieds.
▪ But in his second phase the issues of systematicity and method become blurred and the connection with structural linguistics becomes vague.
▪ Generative grammar rejects the empirical nature of structural linguistics and instead uses linguistic intuitions of native speakers.
▪ This functionalist, teleological aim is inappropriate for the systematic analysis borrowed from structural linguistics.
▪ The early structuralists analyse relations between larger elements of meaning than is entertained in structural linguistics.
applied science/physics/linguistics etc
▪ If applied linguistics is left exclusively to an elite band of researchers, then the whole object of the exercise disappears.
▪ Introduction to nonlinear problems with emphasis on practical modelling, illustrative examples from pure and applied science, and use of computers.
▪ Since then, there has been a steady output of research within this branch of applied linguistics.
▪ Supported by four applied science courses covering the biology, entomology and pathology of seeds, and plant breeding.
▪ There is a very pervasive belief that it is research in theoretical and applied linguistics which provides the solutions.
▪ These four key elements are well developed and widely shared within the research communities of every natural and applied science.
▪ These will include basic skills as well as specialised competences in areas of applied physics.
▪ Why are engineering, medicine and agriculture not all grouped together as applied sciences?
generative grammar/linguistics/phonology
▪ In generative phonology, the claim is that, at the abstract level, vowels are simply tense or lax.
▪ Instead they believe that it is Sampson's generative grammar formulation that is at fault.
▪ The rewrite rule is an effective method of representing the rules of a generative grammar.
▪ There are applications for which a generative grammar would be better suited than a probabilistic one.
▪ If applied linguistics is left exclusively to an elite band of researchers, then the whole object of the exercise disappears.
▪ In all of these areas, there are concepts and insights from linguistics which can contribute to pedagogical understanding.
▪ Jakobson's essay thus constitutes as strong a claim as can possibly be made for the relevance of linguistics to literary study.
▪ Syntax has been one of the most widely investigated areas of linguistics and human processing of language has been intensively studied.
▪ The use of statistical techniques is not new to computational linguistics.
▪ This is written for students of linguistics but also offers a good introduction for the general reader.
▪ This type of analysis is used in linguistics, to describe the grammar of sentences.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Linguistics \Lin*guis"tics\ (l[i^][ng]*gw[i^]s"t[i^]ks), n. [Cf. F. linguistique.] The science of languages, or of the origin, signification, and application of words; glossology.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"the science of languages," 1847; see linguistic; also see -ics.


n. The scientific study of language.

  1. n. the scientific study of language

  2. the humanistic study of language and literature [syn: philology]

Linguistics (journal)

Linguistics: An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciences is a peer-reviewed academic journal of general linguistics published by De Gruyter Mouton. The journal publishes both articles and book reviews. It also occasionally publishes special issues. The Editor-in-Chief is Johan van der Auwera. Since 2010, it has published 1400 pages per year.


Linguistics is the scientific study of language, specifically language form, language meaning, and language in context. The earliest activities in the description of language have been attributed to the 4th century BCE Indian grammarian Pāṇini, who was an early student of linguistics and wrote a formal description of the Sanskrit language in his .

Linguistics analyses human language as a system for relating sounds (or signs in signed languages) and meaning. Phonetics studies acoustic and articulatory properties of the production and perception of speech sounds and non-speech sounds. The study of language meaning, on the other hand, deals with how languages encode relations between entities, properties, and other aspects of the world to convey, process, and assign meaning, as well as to manage and resolve ambiguity. While the study of semantics typically concerns itself with truth conditions, pragmatics deals with how context influences meanings.

Grammar is a system of rules which govern the form of the utterances in a given language. It encompasses both sound and meaning, and includes phonology (how sounds or gestures function together), morphology (the formation and composition of words), and syntax (the formation and composition of phrases and sentences from words).

In the early 20th century, Ferdinand de Saussure distinguished between the notions of langue and parole in his formulation of structural linguistics. According to him, parole is the specific utterance of speech, whereas langue refers to an abstract phenomenon that theoretically defines the principles and system of rules that govern a language. This distinction resembles the one made by Noam Chomsky between competence and performance, where competence is individual's ideal knowledge of a language, while performance is the specific way in which it is used.

The formal study of language has also led to the growth of fields like psycholinguistics, which explores the representation and function of language in the mind; neurolinguistics, which studies language processing in the brain; and language acquisition, which investigates how children and adults acquire a particular language.

Linguistics also includes non-formal approaches to the study of other aspects of human language, such as social, cultural, historical and political factors. The study of cultural discourses and dialects is the domain of sociolinguistics, which looks at the relation between linguistic variation and social structures, as well as that of discourse analysis, which examines the structure of texts and conversations. Research on language through historical and evolutionary linguistics focuses on how languages change, and on the origin and growth of languages, particularly over an extended period of time.

Corpus linguistics takes naturally occurring texts and studies the variation of grammatical and other features based on such corpora. Stylistics involves the study of patterns of style: within written, signed, or spoken discourse. Language documentation combines anthropological inquiry with linguistic inquiry to describe languages and their grammars. Lexicography covers the study and construction of dictionaries. Computational linguistics applies computer technology to address questions in theoretical linguistics, as well as to create applications for use in parsing, data retrieval, machine translation, and other areas. People can apply actual knowledge of a language in translation and interpreting, as well as in language education – the teaching of a second or foreign language. Policy makers work with governments to implement new plans in education and teaching which are based on linguistic research.

Areas of study related to linguistics include semiotics (the study of signs and symbols both within language and without), literary criticism, translation, and speech-language pathology.

Usage examples of "linguistics".

A good sales clerk is an interdisciplinary scholar, a student of history, psychology, sociology, linguistics, aesthetics, and marketing.

But nowhere else, unless it be later in the nineteenth century among Darwinian anthropologists and phrenologists, was it made the basis of a scientific subject matter as it was in comparative linguistics or philology.

Personnel who had been assigned on priority to Linguistics duty-or, alternately, to looking for mehave returned to the business of scientific research into the extremely strange evolutionary patterns and history of 1212 Muscae IV.

Harold Smith, cultural linguistics, was objecting loudly and polysyllabically, stressing the risk of hackers changing grades.

The modern field of cognitive science has come to include a diverse range of disciplines, including the neurosciences, artificial intelligence, philosophy of mind, psychology, linguistics, quantum theory, and evolutionary theory.

Nor did she have any notion of the relative status of learned scholars to starship mechanics, though she was inclined to think that, on the basis of practical abilities, the mechanic stood several orders above a mere professor of linguistics.

And there are some exceptionally competent anthropologists here who have done work on kinship systems in cultures all over the world, from the point of view of linguistics and from the point of view of cognition.

He stood up, and stood thinking about nouns and whether kyo linguistics exactly had tense—now and then were remarkably confusable, or they were simplifying for the foreigners, or using a trade tongue: contact with outsiders seemed to have a formula, among them, and since they tended to swallow what they met, thinking it the proper way to do things, there was a little danger in letting kyo fall into formula at all.

He glanced over his shoulder, seeing the two other cars following with the remainder of the GT team - a girl from Rex Foster-Stern's Projects and Planning Dept, an expert in African linguistics specially recruited for the visit, and two economist-accountants from Hamilcar Waterford's personal advisory group.

He had earned a doctorate in linguistics, the science of language, but he also had a deep background in computer languages and in digitalization theory, whatever that might be.

By a method termed glottochronology, based on calculations of how rapidly words tend to change over historical time, comparative linguistics can even yield estimated dates for domestications or crop arrivals.

The official bodies included the Advisories of Defense, Intelligence, Science, Religion, and so forth, as well as the Native Matters Advisory with its four subordinate panels: Ancient Monuments, Linguistics, Interspecies Relations, and Advanced Studies.

No doubt I'd find a gray or ebony version of my girlfriend inside, swathed in the robes of a virtuality chador, laboring to fulfill some academic requirement in her latest major maybe Bantu Linguistics or Chinese Military History -- I couldn't follow the way her interests kept swerving, like a hundred million other permanent students on this continent alone.

So Van doesn't get anything out of it except some exercise in comparative linguistics and a case of indigestion the next day.

He would slip into our hands tempting baubles taken from etymology and comparative linguistics, and enjoyed seeing us grab them and come to grief.