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Crossword clues for history

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a biology/history etc test
▪ On Monday we had a French test.
a family history
▪ Is there a family history of heart disease?
a French/geography/history etc class
▪ I have a history class at nine o'clock today.
a history of failure (=a situation in which someone has failed many times in the past)
▪ Some children have a history of failure at school.
a history/chemistry/law etc degree
▪ I decided to do a Maths degree.
a history/physics/maths etc lesson
▪ I've got a history lesson this afternoon.
a travel/history/sports etc writer (=someone who writes articles and books about a subject)
▪ This region of Europe does not excite many travel writers.
an English/history/politics etc essay
▪ He got a good grade for his English essay.
biology/history/French etc homework
▪ The science homework was really hard.
biology/history/French etc professor
▪ Who’s your chemistry professor?
case history
colourful history/past/career/life
▪ Charlie Chaplin had a long and colorful career.
go down in history (=be remembered for many years)
▪ The carnival will go down in history as one of the best ever.
language/history/science etc teacher
life history
local history
long history
▪ a long history of success
medical history (=the illnesses they have had)
▪ a patient’s medical history
modern historyBritish English (= recent history, as a subject of study)
▪ a degree in modern history
natural history
▪ the Natural History Museum in history
▪ Redgrave won his third Olympic gold medal, and secured his place in history.
study law/business/history etc (=study a subject at a school or university)
▪ Anna is studying French literature.
teach (sb) English/mathematics/history etc
▪ He taught geography at the local secondary school.
the Biology/Maths/History etc department (=in a university or school)
▪ the Chemistry department at Southampton University
the course of history/sb’s life etc
▪ Changing conditions shape the course of evolution.
the history of mankind
▪ one of the most important events in the history of mankind
the science/maths/history etc curriculum
▪ The English curriculum is divided into Language and Literature.
▪ Its very imperfection is powerful testimony of its ancient history, a history of step-by-step change rather than of deliberate design.
▪ I could see my father strumming the guitar, plucking our ancient, mournful history from the hollowness of its wooden frame.
▪ For one thing, this is not ancient history.
▪ But my tale of ancient history was less than a generation old.
▪ It has been fashionable in the last twenty years to suggest that there was in ancient history a utopian matriarchy.
▪ The world of Lowry's north seems to be ancient history.
▪ That, too, seemed like ancient history now.
▪ He was so beautiful in those days - listen to me, those days, talking like it was all ancient history.
▪ Their brief histories are shown in Appendix 7.
▪ But for the first time in its brief, shining history, Apple had reason to worry.
▪ The first section of his book gives a brief life history supported by a collection of his superb pencil sketches.
▪ A brief history of Reinberto Lopez AlaIa suggests that it is not a question with a simple answer.
▪ Indeed, the relatively brief history of information technology has already demonstrated the dangers of even short-term forecasting.
▪ A brief history prepared by the Education Coalition, a lobbying group, says California began statewide testing in 1962.
▪ Unlike the previous two, this film attempts to convey the nature of the fighting within a brief history of the war.
▪ Search them out if you wish to increase your understanding of early New Zealand history.
▪ This feature was particularly emphasized in the early history of the Roman rite.
▪ It is almost certain that, during the Earth's early history, the planet was a frequent victim of cometary impacts.
▪ In a sense the Earth was reborn without leaving a trace of its early history.
▪ Sold to the museum by the New York conservator Mario Modestini, its early history is completely unknown.
▪ The earliest history of the use of pearls is difficult to establish.
▪ All the paintings were purchased through Christie's at some point in their early history.
▪ The luminosity of the Sun in the early history of the Solar System was probably only about 70% of the present value.
▪ He was reading a book on political and economic history.
▪ So this is how economic history restarts.
▪ There are, of course, many links and parallels between economic history and the development of the government and social institutions.
▪ Early modern history: Political, economic and social history and the history of science.
▪ Ageing and the elderly; Economic history.
▪ Social and economic history and demography have a key role in guiding policy-making beyond crisis responses towards fundamental medium- and long-run issues.
▪ This world is his world. Human history is the outworking of his plan.
▪ Rarely in the annals of human history has any people committed so much of its treasure to such a noble cause.
▪ The old religions under which people lived for ninety-nine point nine percent of human history have decayed or are irrelevant.
▪ We also know that recorded human history extends back only some six thousand years.
▪ In 1937, she had felt she had had enough of the pernicious course of human history.
▪ Periods of punctuated equilibrium are equally visible in human history.
▪ There has been nothing like it in human history.
▪ During most of human history, this fundamental information came most of all from agriculture.
▪ Sources for local history Document sources are indispensible for most local history studies.
▪ Only a year, more frequently one portion of a year, is given to local history, geography, or law.
▪ This is not criticism as it is necessary when writing local history to use previous writers.
▪ So will the lives of other fascinating but lesser-known individuals who together form the fabric of local gay history.
▪ Nearby is the Heritage Museum of local history and the Wildfowl Trust bird sanctuary.
▪ Some areas may provide a rich vein of local history which is also well related to a supplementary unit.
▪ Their specific and local histories, often threatened and repressed, are inserted ` between the lines' of dominant cultural practices.
▪ Incubation has of course a long and reputable history in antiquity.
▪ The Penguins are in the midst of an eight-game road trip-the longest in franchise history.
▪ The use of official statistics, for example, has a long history in many of the social sciences.
▪ Visiting the megaliths, especially the circles, grounds us in the long and mysterious history of humanity.
▪ Start2 builds on a long history of arms accords and summits between Moscow and Washington.
▪ This concern about the calibre of councillors has a long history.
▪ However, the interest of neurophysiologists has a considerably longer history.
▪ There is, after all, a long history of wife-beating and of genocide, but that does not make them excusable.
▪ They are expected to take a full medical history and perform a physical examination.
▪ Between us we had even hired a video so that we could record this minor miracle of medical history for posterity.
▪ The past medical history was otherwise unremarkable.
▪ Flett, an Orcadian, had taken medical and natural history degrees at Edinburgh, having studied geology under J. Geikie.
▪ Here a check is kept on weight; blood and urine tests are carried out; and relevant medical history is noted.
▪ His new employer can get his medical history from the insurance company, and his credit history from a credit bureau.
▪ Perhaps most importantly, the computer interface greatly facilitates both obtaining and recording a complete medical history.
▪ Comorbidity was categorised as mild, moderate, or severe by a physician based on the patient's medical history.
▪ He was educated at Winchester and Trinity College, Oxford, where he obtained a second class in modern history in 1911.
▪ And in 1951 Great Britain, for the first time in modern history, made leprosy a reportable disease.
▪ He is an extraordinary figure in modern world history, and in William Duiker he has a worthy biographer.
▪ This may have been the first time in modern history that a painting incited people to such public agitation.
▪ Early modern history: Political, economic and social history and the history of science.
▪ The rest is miserable modern history.
▪ They left Oxford in 1921, with seconds in modern history, and shared a flat in London while establishing parallel careers.
▪ The historical theme extends to cover local canals, bridges, floods, natural history and archaeology.
▪ Myth is nothing but natural history, plus human history, in time-disguised and faith-distorted form.
▪ What is striking about natural history illustrations is sometimes their longevity.
▪ But more important than these human aspects is the virtually untarnished natural history of the refuge.
▪ Curiously enough, she had never seen a newt before. Natural history was not her strong point.
▪ We walked toward the natural history museum.-What happened between you and Jessica, Brice? he asked.
▪ Her passion for natural history became increasingly fashionable in polite society during the 17605.
▪ For the rest of the time, we talked only of natural history and local gossip, and got on very well.
▪ It is an approach that has informed political actions and hence the political history of the country.
▪ Nixon has been subjected to as much psychoanalytic study as any political figure in history.
▪ Whatever the cause, the solution was to have major consequences in terms of the later political history of the Merovingians.
▪ Bit by little bit, our talking, our weeping, and our anger added up to an emotional and political history.
▪ More social history is being taught but examination syllabuses still focus on political and economic history which conventionally excludes women.
▪ I figure this will either be the shortest political career in history or the job for the rest of my life.
▪ Again, this is where sculpture is closely aligned to social and political history.
▪ Morris presents it all as a revelation, a historic breakthrough in political history.
▪ Cultural predisposition Recognition that cultural pressures on women to diet contribute to anorexia nervosa has had a fairly recent history.
▪ At this point, Camp David looks like one of the great diplomatic miscalculations of recent history.
▪ For the 1970s and 1980s generations of graduate embroiderers, a recent history and a widened definition of embroidery/stitch now exists.
▪ This is where the recent history of law's withdrawal from the regulation of private morality provides a useful perspective.
▪ Little by little I learned Leslie's recent military history.
▪ Such ambiguities, of course, are not peculiar to recent history.
▪ It seems reasonable to suppose that even before 1790 he would have learned to appreciate their attitudes towards recent history.
▪ Knowledge of recent political history may enable you to correct these generalisations to some extent.
▪ The collection is based on social history.
▪ The former, sublimely illustrated, describes the social history and psychological underpinnings of our underpinnings.
▪ Why was evacuation such an important episode in the social history of the Second World War?
▪ On the economic and social history of the period its influence was also enormous.
▪ It was one of those moments when we can actually see whole new groups of people just walking into social history.
▪ Business and labour history; Social history Social historians tend to support the view that industrialisation destroyed the apprenticeship system.
▪ And that is when it becomes art history.
▪ A new hierarchy, sustained by art history, will be imposed through the photograph.
▪ He qualified as an electronics engineer before going to teachers' training college after which he obtained a degree in art history.
▪ Even students in art history and philosophy are getting hired by management consultants, Sanborn said.
▪ She specialised in art history and education and her studies took her to Paris and Florence.
▪ Traditional art history would include Bonnard for his technical innovations and largely marginalise Rodchenko for his politics and photography.
▪ Hence, interest was slight and sporadic, and the works were not assimilated into mainstream western art history.
▪ By the postwar period, modernism had become part of art history.
▪ Duval is the one taking aim at the history books, four or more in a row.
▪ A flick through the history books reveals the story of Atalantas, after whom her club is named.
▪ Moms have always worked, but it was a big secret left out of the history books.
▪ The first pictorial record of flowers from a sixteenth-century garden marks the highlight of this sale of travel and natural history books.
▪ Indeed, the 1996 campaign season is headed for the history books as the most costly in history.
▪ And with Twickenham hosting the final, the 2001 winners are poised to enter the history books.
▪ Democrats want a convention for the history books.
▪ Outline case histories will be built up concerning many thousands of individual victims.
▪ To address such concerns, chapter 3 starts with two case histories from my own leadership experiences.
▪ A case history will illustrate what I mean.
▪ However, the so-called case histories which they composed with such artistic aplomb prove nothing.
▪ They were to figure prominently among the more tragic case histories.
▪ The network would be trained to associate symptoms and diagnoses from a database of case histories.
▪ Cathy Troupp was talking to a specialist couple counsellor about this month's case history.
▪ The system was trained on more than 10, 000 credit case histories.
▪ Bowel cancer About one in ten people with bowel cancer have a family history of the disease.
▪ Associated vomiting and photophobia. 4. Family history of migraine.
▪ I should like to pay tribute to the care with which the justices record the family history and the chronology.
▪ Is there a family history of tremor?
▪ Perhaps he should stay with his family history and forget anything else.
▪ Furthermore, they are unlikely to find their complete family history ready to be downloaded at the click of a mouse.
▪ He has neglected his duties writing that damned family history and leaving Tim Skerritt to manage the estate.
▪ Given their family histories, turmoil feels comfortable.
▪ The first section of his book gives a brief life history supported by a collection of his superb pencil sketches.
▪ The main emphasis of Hume's book is the inter-relationships between nutrition, reproductive performance and life histories of marsupials.
▪ But events in one's life history could change this.
▪ The teacher could begin with the child's own brief life history, moving on to the history of their family.
▪ The third consequence of a bottlenecked life history is a genetic one.
▪ A good example are the reminiscence and life history projects now active in many areas of the country.
▪ A military history professor is retiring.
▪ Actually, Wilson had suffered a series of strokes, starting at age thirty-nine when he was a history professor at Princeton.
▪ A history professor at Baghdad University, Sadoun Fadil, said people rally around their leader during hard times.
▪ He was going to bury himself in a library for a few years, then become a history professor.
▪ Before turning to the individual arguments for teaching history it would be worthwhile emphasising the professional integrity of history teachers.
▪ Another teacher who moved me was an assistant principal named Cho, who doubled as a history teacher.
▪ I had a history teacher in college who was tough and sharp.
▪ My history teacher, who was a liberal, joked about such attitudes and I followed her cue.
▪ As a matter of fact, her plan was to become a high-school history teacher.
▪ Unusually, he is not an investment analyst, but a former history teacher.
▪ Bill supported the family as a high-school history teacher.
▪ I should like to pay tribute to the care with which the justices record the family history and the chronology.
▪ These few lucky observers had witnessed the most spectacular meteor shower in recorded history, surpassing even the 1833 Leonids.
▪ If women criminals are reluctant to publicise their activities, they are also often inaccessible to researchers wanting to record their histories.
▪ No lunar atmosphere or hydrosphere exists, nor has any existed for its entire span of recorded history.
▪ Trails of electric light icicles hang from gutters in Miami and Honolulu, where it has never snowed in recorded history.
▪ It is intended to record history and those who were part of it.
▪ Within recorded history goose numbers have never been greater.
▪ When the first Raikas were created in this world, so was my family to record their history.
▪ It goes back more than 200 years and forms an enormous resource for those studying the history of the Commonwealth.
▪ You study the history of religions, comparative religion, the scriptures of the world, maybe the psychology of religion.
▪ If it is vocationally disadvantageous to study history at school, it must be vocationally suicidal to study the subject at university.
▪ What had I really learned from studying history and psychology and philosophy and literature?
▪ Well, one gets a bit tired of studying ancient history.
▪ Many overseas students come to study the languages, history, culture and traditions of this country.
▪ As Figure 1.3 shows, those who study history are eminently trainable for a wide variety of occupations.
▪ Limbaugh is complaining about the teaching of history.
▪ Moving from research to teaching history is like moving from one watercourse to another...
▪ Old people are often a source of fascinating information and opinion about the past that young people are being taught as history!
▪ For the next few years, Sister Teresa taught geography, history and catechism, and performed several other duties besides.
▪ My brief was to teach art and history of art to all age groups.
▪ He had taught history of some kind, although Glover never bothered in forty-five years to find out what kind.
▪ Some teachers might even choose to teach the entire history syllabus by working backwards from the present.
▪ I teach history at the high school and junior high school levels.
▪ You see, when you win the National, you write your name into history.
▪ His name has been written in the history books.
▪ The history of art, he wrote, is the history of dead-ends transformed into springboards.
▪ Passing over in silence what the people think of the imam is a priority in that writing of history.
▪ He has neglected his duties writing that damned family history and leaving Tim Skerritt to manage the estate.
▪ The redaction critics claim: It is important to realise that the Gospel writers were not writing history as we understand it.
▪ And how incredibly generous this man was; he seeded friendships that still write the history of the West.
a page in history
ancient history
▪ Will and I broke up a long time ago - that's ancient history now.
▪ But my tale of ancient history was less than a generation old.
▪ For one thing, this is not ancient history.
▪ He was so beautiful in those days - listen to me, those days, talking like it was all ancient history.
▪ He was very fond of ancient histories, stories and epics of earlier times and heroes.
▪ It has been fashionable in the last twenty years to suggest that there was in ancient history a utopian matriarchy.
▪ Its very imperfection is powerful testimony of its ancient history, a history of step-by-step change rather than of deliberate design.
▪ That, too, seemed like ancient history now.
▪ The world of Lowry's north seems to be ancient history.
be steeped in history/tradition/politics etc
▪ Both are clifftop courses that are steeped in history.
▪ The area is steeped in history.
▪ The Hotel has great character and is steeped in history.
▪ They brought with them a heritage and culture that is steeped in history and literature.
have a checkered history/career/past etc
potted history/biography/version
▪ Keeping a job file Your employer will have a personnel file containing a potted history of your career with the company.
▪ Martin's potted history of each railway is certainly sufficiently detailed to whet the appetite enough to free buttocks from armchair Dralon.
▪ They were farcically satirical potted biographies in sets of two rhyming couplets.
▪ Woven into these personal accounts are potted histories of disturbing events, ancient and modern.
the march of time/history/progress etc
▪ At present these are banned, as are crossbows, but will these eventually be admitted with the march of progress?
▪ But in 1874-not ten years earlier or later-city and nation endured a painful pause in the march of progress.
▪ Like Franco, Arrese was trying to hold back the march of history.
▪ New discoveries have opened up all kinds of possibilities for holding back the march of time.
▪ They succeeded because they brought hope to the losers whom the march of progress had left behind.
▪ This little community is still in existence, largely untouched by the march of time.
▪ a history of World War II
▪ a book about the history of the United Nations
▪ I got an 84 on my history test.
▪ India has been invaded several times in its history.
▪ the history of jazz music
▪ For decompression sickness, your dive history is available in graphic detail for hyperbaric specialists to consult.
▪ In this most settled and prosperous nation in history the political situation is almost permanently unstable.
▪ Our history is too full of pain and outrage to want any of it back.
▪ The history of life, he argued, could have followed all sorts of paths.
▪ The Moon experienced only a brief period of intense internal activity early in its history.
▪ What the lie was, I had too little knowledge of history or science to know then.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

History \His"to*ry\, n.; pl. Histories. [L. historia, Gr. 'istori`a history, information, inquiry, fr. 'istwr, "istwr, knowing, learned, from the root of ? to know; akin to E. wit. See Wit, and cf. Story.]

  1. A learning or knowing by inquiry; the knowledge of facts and events, so obtained; hence, a formal statement of such information; a narrative; a description; a written record; as, the history of a patient's case; the history of a legislative bill.

  2. A systematic, written account of events, particularly of those affecting a nation, institution, science, or art, and usually connected with a philosophical explanation of their causes; a true story, as distinguished from a romance; -- distinguished also from annals, which relate simply the facts and events of each year, in strict chronological order; from biography, which is the record of an individual's life; and from memoir, which is history composed from personal experience, observation, and memory.

    Histories are as perfect as the historian is wise, and is gifted with an eye and a soul.

    For aught that I could ever read, Could ever hear by tale or history.

    What histories of toil could I declare!

    History piece, a representation in painting, drawing, etc., of any real event, including the actors and the action.

    Natural history, a description and classification of objects in nature, as minerals, plants, animals, etc., and the phenomena which they exhibit to the senses.

    Syn: Chronicle; annals; relation; narration.

    Usage: History, Chronicle, Annals. History is a methodical record of important events which concern a community of men, usually so arranged as to show the connection of causes and effects, to give an analysis of motive and action etc. A chronicle is a record of such events, conforming to the order of time as its distinctive feature. Annals are a chronicle divided up into separate years. By poetic license annals is sometimes used for history.

    Justly C[ae]sar scorns the poet's lays; It is to history he trusts for praise.

    No more yet of this; For 't is a chronicle of day by day, Not a relation for a breakfast.

    Many glorious examples in the annals of our religion.


History \His"to*ry\, v. t. To narrate or record. [Obs.]

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

late 14c., "relation of incidents" (true or false), from Old French estoire, estorie "chronicle, history, story" (12c., Modern French histoire), from Latin historia "narrative of past events, account, tale, story," from Greek historia "a learning or knowing by inquiry; an account of one's inquiries, history, record, narrative," from historein "inquire," from histor "wise man, judge," from PIE *wid-tor-, from root *weid- "to know," literally "to see" (see vision).\n

\nRelated to Greek idein "to see," and to eidenai "to know." In Middle English, not differentiated from story; sense of "record of past events" probably first attested late 15c. As a branch of knowledge, from 1842. Sense of "systematic account (without reference to time) of a set of natural phenomena" (1560s) is now obsolete except in natural history.\n\nOne difference between history and imaginative literature ... is that history neither anticipates nor satisfies our curiosity, whereas literature does.

[Guy Davenport, "Wheel Ruts," 1996]


n. The aggregate of past events. vb. (context obsolete English) To narrate or record.

  1. n. the aggregate of past events; "a critical time in the school's history"

  2. the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future; "all of human history"

  3. a record or narrative description of past events; "a history of France"; "he gave an inaccurate account of the plot to kill the president"; "the story of exposure to lead" [syn: account, chronicle, story]

  4. the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings; "he teaches Medieval history"; "history takes the long view"

  5. all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge; "the dawn of recorded history"; "from the beginning of history"

History (disambiguation)

History is the study of the past.

History may also refer to:

History (Dune album)

For the Michael Jackson album, see HIStory. History (The Very Best Of Dune) is a compilation album by German band Dune. It was released in October 2000 on the label Orbit Records. It includes the new single "Hardcore Vibes 2000" featuring Trubblemaker. As an extra bonus this album exclusively contains the first Dune computer game Keep The Secret. The tracks Back To The Future, Here I Am and Space Invaders were from the cancelled album Reunion.

History (The Verve song)

"History" is a song by English rock band The Verve, and is featured on their second album, A Northern Soul. It was released 18 September 1995 as the third and final single from the album, charting at #24 in the UK Singles Chart (see 1995 in British music). The song is notable for being released after the band's sudden first break up (the sign on the CD1 cover reads 'all farewells should be sudden'). In 2014, NME ranked it at number 312 on their list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.

History (controller.controller album)

History is the debut EP by Canadian indie rock band controller.controller. It was released on August 3, 2004 on Paper Bag Records.

History (short story)

"History" is a science fiction short story by Isaac Asimov. It was first published in the March 1941 issue of Super Science Stories and reprinted in the 1972 collection The Early Asimov.

History (U.S. TV channel)

History (originally The History Channel from 1995 to 2008) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by A&E Networks, a joint venture between the Hearst Corporation and the Disney–ABC Television Group division of the Walt Disney Company.

The channel originally broadcast documentary programs and historical fiction series. However, since 2008, it has mostly broadcast a variety of reality television series such as Pawn Stars, Ax Men, and other non-history related content. Additionally, the network is frequently criticized by scientists, historians, and skeptics for broadcasting pseudo-documentaries, unsubstantiated and sensational investigative programming, such as Ancient Aliens, UFO Hunters, Brad Meltzer's Decoded and the Nostradamus Effect.

As of February 2015, approximately 96,149,000 American households (82.6% of households with television) receive History. International localized versions of History are available, in various forms, in India, Canada, Europe, Australia, Middle East, Africa, and Latin America. The first European version was launched in Scandinavia in 1997 by Viasat which now operates their own channel, Viasat History.

History (Canada)

History is a Canadian English language Category A specialty channel that presents programming related to history and historical fiction. It is owned by Corus Entertainment, with the History branding used under a licensing agreement with A+E Networks. The channel operates two time-shifted feeds: East ( Eastern Time) and West ( Pacific Time). The West Coast feed was launched on September 1, 2006.

The channel has a French language equivalent in Historia, which is also owned by Corus.

History (Loudon Wainwright III album)

History is the twelfth studio album by American singer-songwriter Loudon Wainwright III, released on September 21, 1992 on Charisma Records. The album was recorded following the death of Wainwright's father, Loudon Wainwright Jr.. Regarding his father's death and its influence on History, Wainwright stated that:

The album featured deeply personal compositions, with a musical style that ranges from talking blues ("Talking New Bob Dylan") to almost pure country rock ("So Many Songs") and modern folk ("The Picture", "Men").

History is often regarded as a breakthrough in Wainwright's career. Allmusic call the album "his masterpiece", and both Bruce Springsteen and Bob Geldof cited it as their favourite album of the year.

History (Alphaville album)

History is the rarest of Alphaville albums. Released in 1993 only on cassette, and only to members of the official fan club, History is a collection of early Alphaville demo tracks, b-sides, and a few out-takes.

History (European TV channel)

History (formerly known as The History Channel UK) is a pan-European television channel broadcasting programs related to historical events and persons, owned by a joint-venture between A+E Networks, owner of the American History, and British Sky Broadcasting, the UK's largest pay-TV provider. AMC Networks International DMC is responsible for the signal distribution across mainland Europe and the subsidiaries of AMC Networks International are the distribution representatives across Europe. Its programming is mainly in English and locally subtitled or dubbed. It is available through numerous satellite, cable, terrestrial and IPTV distributors across Europe, the Middle East and South Africa. In some countries the advertisement and the announcements between programs are localized.

There are specific versions for Germany, Italy, Spain and Portugal:

  • History Germany, a joint venture between A+E Networks and NBC Universal Global Networks Germany
  • History Italy, which used to be a joint venture between A+E Networks and Fox International Channels Italy; A+E gained full control of the channel in 2012
  • Canal de História (also called História), the History Channel Iberia joint venture between A+E Networks and AMC Networks International Iberia
History (Funeral for a Friend song)

"History" is the seventh track and third single off Funeral for a Friend's second album, Hours. It reached number 21 on the UK Singles Chart.

History (novel)

History: A Novel is a novel by Italian author Elsa Morante, generally regarded as her most famous and controversial work. Published in 1974, it narrates the story of a partly Jewish woman, Ida Ramundo, and her two sons Antonio (called "Nino") and Giuseppe ("Useppe") in Rome, during and immediately after the Second World War.

The Italian title "La Storia" can be translated as either "History" or "The Story"; the ambiguity is lost in translation.

History (journal)

History is a peer-reviewed academic journal published quarterly by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Historical Association. It was established in 1916 and publishes original articles, book reviews, and archive pieces in all areas of historical scholarship. The journal is abstracted and indexed by Scopus.

History (Matthew West album)

History is the second studio album released by American CCM musician Matthew West. The album was released on Universal South Records on June 21, 2005. While the entire album was produced by Kenny Greenberg and Jason Houser, six of the tracks were written solely by West and the other five he co-wrote with the album's producers and others. Three radio singles were released off the album: "Next Thing You Know", "Only Grace", and "History".


History (from Greek , historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past, particularly how it relates to humans. It is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Scholars who write about history are called historians. Events occurring before written record are considered prehistory.

History can also refer to the academic discipline which uses a narrative to examine and analyse a sequence of past events, and objectively determine the patterns of cause and effect that determine them. Historians sometimes debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present.

Stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the tales surrounding King Arthur), are usually classified as cultural heritage or legends, because they do not show the "disinterested investigation" required of the discipline of history. Herodotus, a 5th-century BC Greek historian is considered within the Western tradition to be the "father of history", and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, helped form the foundations for the modern study of human history. Their works continue to be read today, and the gap between the culture-focused Herodotus and the military-focused Thucydides remains a point of contention or approach in modern historical writing. In Asia, a state chronicle, the Spring and Autumn Annals was known to be compiled from as early as 722 BC although only 2nd-century BC texts survived.

Ancient influences have helped spawn variant interpretations of the nature of history which have evolved over the centuries and continue to change today. The modern study of history is wide-ranging, and includes the study of specific regions and the study of certain topical or thematical elements of historical investigation. Often history is taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic study of history is a major discipline in university studies.

History (Australian TV channel)

History, formerly known as Fox History and The History Channel, is a television channel in Australia and New Zealand, that broadcasts non-fictional programs regarding historical events and persons, as well as various metaphysical, pseudoscientific, and paranormal phenomena—often with observations and explanations by noted historians, scholars, authors, esotericists, astrologers, and Biblical scholars as well as reenactments and interviews with witnesses, and/or families of witnesses.

The channel is operated by Foxtel Management Pty Limited, and the programming and name of the channel is licensed to them by A&E Television Networks.

It started out as Fox History in 1996, and changed its name to The History Channel in November 1998. The channel used share its frequency with Fox Kids until December 2000, when it got its own 24-hour channel.

On 3 November 2014, History launched a HD feed.

History (theatrical genre)

History is one of the three main genres in Western theatre alongside tragedy and comedy, although it originated, in its modern form, thousands of years later than the other primary genres. For this reason, it is often treated as a subset of tragedy. A play in this genre is known as a history play and is based on a historical narrative, often set in the medieval or early modern past. History emerged as a distinct genre from tragedy in Renaissance England. The best known examples of the genre are the history plays written by William Shakespeare, whose plays still serve to define the genre. History plays also appear elsewhere in British and Western literature, such as Thomas Heywood's Edward IV, Schiller's Mary Stuart or the Dutch genre Gijsbrecht van Aemstel.

History (band)

History is a five-member boy group from South Korea formed by LOEN Entertainment. They debuted on April 26, 2013 with "Dreamer", featuring the narration of their labelmate IU. They are LOEN Entertainment's first boy group.

History (One Direction song)

"History" is a song by English-Irish boy band One Direction. It was released on 6 November 2015 as the third and final single from their fifth studio album, Made in the A.M. (2015), as well as their final single before their hiatus announced in December 2015. "History" peaked at number six on the UK Singles Chart. The song was composed in G-flat major with a tempo of 88 beats per minute and a time signature of .

History (Unix)

The various Unix shells maintain a record of the commands issued by the user during the current session. The history command manipulates this history list. In its simplest form, it prints the history list. Options allow for the recall and editing of particular commands and for setting parameters such as the number of past commands to retain in the list.

In early versions of Unix the history command was a separate program. However, most shells have long included the history command as a shell built-in, so the separate program is no longer in common use. Since most current history commands are shell built-ins, details depend on the choice of Unix shell.


history [-c] [-d offset] [n]
history -awrn [filename]
history -ps arg [arg...]


history [-hTr] [n]
history -S|-L|-M [filename]
history -c

The first form prints the history event list. If n is given only the n most recent events are printed or saved. With -h, the history list is printed without leading numbers. If -T is specified, timestamps are printed also in comment form. (This can be used to produce files suitable for loading with 'history -L' or 'source -h'.) With -r, the order of printing is most recent first rather than oldest first.

With -S, the second form saves the history list to filename. If the first word of the savehist shell variable is set to a number, at most that many lines are saved. If the second word of savehist is set to ` merge', the history list is merged with the existing history file instead of replacing it (if there is one) and sorted by time stamp. Merging is intended for an environment like the X Window System with several shells in simultaneous use. Currently it succeeds only when the shells quit nicely one after another.

With -L, the shell appends filename, which is presumably a history list saved by the -S option or the savehist mechanism, to the history list. -M is like -L, but the contents of filename are merged into the history list and sorted by timestamp. In either case, histfile is used if filename is not given and ~/.history is used if histfile is unset. `history -L' is exactly like 'source -h' except that it does not require a filename.

Note that login shells do the equivalent of `history -L' on startup and, if savehist is set, `history -S' before exiting. Because only ~/.tcshrc is normally sourced before ~/.history, histfile should be set in ~/.tcshrc rather than ~/.login.

If histlit is set, the first and second forms print and save the literal (unexpanded) form of the history list.

The last form clears the history list.

Usage examples of "history".

A vial of that which is first passed in the morning, should be sent with the history of the case, as chronic rheumatism effects characteristic changes in this excretion, which clearly and unmistakably indicate the abnormal condition of the fluids of the body upon which the disease depends.

I asked my audience if any of them wanted to volunteer to be the first aborted call in the history of radio.

They appeal with confidence to the Persian history of Sherefeddin Ali, which has been given to our curiosity in a French version, and from which I shall collect and abridge a more specious narrative of this memorable transaction.

Venice edition of the Councils contains all the acts of the synods, and history of Photius: they are abridged, with a faint tinge of prejudice or prudence, by Dupin and Fleury.

The principal minister of the court of Ravenna, the learned Cassiodorus, gratified the inclination of the conquerors in a Gothic history, which consisted of twelve books, now reduced to the imperfect abridgment of Jornandes.

History was reduced to dry and confused abridgments, alike destitute of amusement and instruction.

Brodie reports the history of a case in a negress who voided a fetus from an abscess at the navel about the seventeenth month of conception.

The workbooks help you become aware of your abusive history and find ways to get rid of the anger.

The Pleiades were all abuzz over the advent of their visiting star, Miss Frances Homer, the celebrated monologuist, who, at Eaton Auditorium, again presented her Women of Destiny series, in which she portrays women of history and the influence they brought to bear upon the lives of such momentous world figures as Napoleon, Ferdinand of Spain, Horatio Nelson and Shakespeare.

If a man were called to fix the period in the history of the world, during which the condition of the human race was most happy and prosperous, he would, without hesitation, name that which elapsed from the death of Domitian to the accession of Commodus.

The hills above the Achor Marshes were riddled with deep limestone caverns, and they had been prepared as an alternate capital many years before, during one of the many factional wars that had marred the history of human relations of Kingdom.

I replied, following her steps, that I presumed they had been placed there to impose on fools, or to excite the laughter of those acquainted with history.

Origin, history, distribution, characteristics, adaptability, uses, and standards of excellence of all pedigreed breeds of cattle, sheep and swine in America.

Throughout our history we have proved to be a remarkably adaptable species.

Miss Hillyard angrily adduced instances extending over the past three terms of History students whose work had been interfered with by what looked like deliberate persecution.