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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a colour scheme (=the colours that you use in a room, painting etc)
▪ Have you decided on a colour scheme?
a compensation scheme (=system for providing compensation)
▪ There is a compensation scheme for radiation-linked diseases.
a discount scheme (=system for giving discounts to people)
▪ Many stores operate discount schemes for regular customers.
a loyalty scheme (=when a company or shop gives customers a reward for continuing to use them)
▪ The supermarket operates a loyalty scheme.
a reduction plan/programme/scheme
▪ The terms of the treaty call for a three-phase troop reduction programme.
an aid programme/scheme/package
▪ The UN aid programme provided most of the finance.
an award schemeBritish English
▪ The league started a new award scheme for young players.
an incentive scheme/system
▪ The incentive scheme was introduced to encourage companies to use renewable energy sources.
an insurance scheme
▪ The costs involved in private medical insurance schemes have risen steeply.
an investment schemeBritish English, an investment program AmE:
▪ Most investment schemes are subject to tax.
colour scheme
devise a plan/scheme
▪ Together they devised a clever plan to escape.
draw up a plan/scheme
▪ Local authorities have drawn up new plans for waste disposal.
drop a scheme/program etc
▪ Some banks have dropped their student loan scheme.
grandiose scheme/plan/idea etc
▪ grandiose schemes of urban renewal
hare-brained scheme
▪ his latest hare-brained scheme
pension scheme
put forward a plan/scheme
▪ Both parties have put forward plans for political reform.
pyramid scheme
rental contract/scheme/service etc
▪ Could you sign the rental agreement?
superannuation scheme
work experience placement/programme/scheme etc
▪ As well as organising conferences and courses the group also helped set up a national awards scheme and backed a number of arts publications.
▪ The list is part of a national registration scheme which comes into effect from today.
▪ They are paid into a fund specially earmarked to meet the costs of the national insurance scheme - the National Insurance Fund.
▪ Cases were assigned to areas according to their residence address at diagnosis as defined for the national cancer registration scheme.
▪ Most people have to pay contributions into the national insurance scheme while they are working.
▪ A national mobility scheme operates within the public sector, and some social housing is constructed beyond the cities by housing associations.
▪ Sometimes, firms will not wish to apply the National TransAction scheme, and will refuse to conduct business on that footing.
▪ Will a new grant scheme be introduced to encourage the building of private sidings or intermodal terminals?
▪ You could call the new scheme neo-Baroque.
▪ When landlord John Gardner bought the pub he decided it needed a new colour scheme.
▪ A new scheme designed to help our regular theatregoers to save money.
▪ A new performance-related pay scheme was introduced.
▪ At the same time as introducing the new income support scheme, the rules for eligibility to housing benefit have been tightened.
▪ The Department of Employment does not gather such figures, especially under the new scheme of determining unemployment statistics.
▪ As illustrated inPart I, there has been a growth in occupational pension schemes.
▪ Employers can no longer require membership of an occupational pension scheme as a condition of service.
▪ A growing feature of the employment contract over the years has been the provision of occupational pension schemes for retirement and sickness.
▪ Their importance is expected to increase as higher percentages of those approaching retirement age are members of occupational pension schemes.
▪ This ruling mirrored the previous one but applied to occupational pension schemes as opposed to the then state retirement ages.
▪ Personal pensions work on a different principle from most occupational schemes or superannuation.
▪ Over 800,000 people are now covered by new occupational pension schemes.
▪ Also, if you are a member of your employer's occupational pension scheme, these changes are of little relevance.
▪ Append notation Naturally a classification scheme is not complete until the notation has been added.
▪ This chapter considers each of these components of a classification scheme in turn.
▪ Notation for classification schemes will be considered at greater length in section 13.3. 6.
▪ A number of factors determine the length of the notation in a classification scheme.
▪ Father's occupation and social class were coded by the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys 1980 classification scheme.
▪ Notation has an important impact on the effectiveness of a classification scheme.
▪ The Library of Congress Classification Scheme is very evidently enumerative, but then all the major classification schemes are.
▪ Bliss believed that the most important aspect of a classification scheme was the order of its main classes.
▪ And at Christmas these colour schemes are given an extra layer of sparkle.
▪ The much-loved dresser was the inspiration for the colour scheme that links all five storeys.
▪ As you know, I decided to keep the same colour scheme as we have in Paris.
▪ I planned to amplify this change of mood by having different colour schemes.
▪ All I considered necessary was to simplify the design of the icon and give it a different colour scheme.
▪ The colour scheme of his outfit is taken from the unmistakable red and white cap of the fungus.
▪ A formal aquascape can be tailored to compliment the decor of the room, following the same colour scheme and style.
▪ Also, the social insurance scheme would cost more if there was a high level of unemployment.
▪ At the present time, the majority of old people claim retirement pensions under the National Insurance scheme.
▪ The costs involved in private medical insurance schemes have been rising very rapidly compared with inflation generally.
▪ So they are extending their repertoire of services to include unit trusts, PEPs plans and insurance schemes.
▪ The Law Society ran a compulsory liability insurance scheme for solicitors under statutory powers.
▪ We see one specially strong advantage in an industry-wide self-financing insurance scheme of this sort.
▪ Beveridge's insurance scheme was broadly put into legislation.
▪ So I decided to look into private insurance schemes.
Pensions from your employer Many people belong to a pension scheme run by an employer.
▪ Subsequent valuation of a pension scheme A company's year end is 31 March.
▪ Many employees run private pension schemes, but often these won't provide enough income to give you a really comfortable lifestyle.
▪ How companies can set up a group pension scheme for their employees.
▪ As illustrated inPart I, there has been a growth in occupational pension schemes.
▪ Private pension scheme tax concessions grew as part of deliberate policy.
▪ The Hon. Gentleman asked what would happen if a pension scheme collapsed.
▪ Their importance is expected to increase as higher percentages of those approaching retirement age are members of occupational pension schemes.
▪ In April 1982 Cambridgeshire introduced a four-year pilot scheme that involved seven volunteer schools: six secondary, one primary.
▪ It is actively looking for more pilot schemes to identify the greater efficiencies needed and the best options available for waste collection.
▪ The pilot scheme bid backed in principle by the committee yesterday is proposed for Darlington and Durham.
▪ Expansion of this pilot scheme into a district service is planned.
▪ A pilot scheme should give unemployed people aged over 55 £500 for an educational or training programme of their choice.
▪ The measures were introduced following consultation with the public and disabled groups and will be monitored during an 18 month pilot scheme.
▪ The government announced a pilot scheme to issue 45,000 training vouchers in 11 areas.
▪ Benefit scheme: Details of a North-East pilot scheme aimed at increasing awareness of benefits available to working people were announced yesterday.
▪ In October the new training scheme with start in which Medau music and movement will be combined with a training in physiotherapy.
▪ He was taking advantage of one of the training schemes.
▪ They acknowledged that there was an acute shortage of nurses throughout the country and concluded that a training scheme should be organised.
▪ I hope that this will clarify the situation for your readers while in no way putting them off the certified training scheme.
▪ Emphasis will be given to media training schemes and also to considering the establishment of a public broadcasting system.
▪ The Prime Minister I should be happy to add that training scheme to the many other excellent training schemes we have at present.
▪ The workshop is aimed at youth leaders who can develop media awareness training schemes in parishes and communities in their respective countries.
▪ Some major agencies have a regular intake of graduates for training schemes.
▪ Insurance, building societies, unit trusts, banks have each developed an ombudsman scheme.
▪ These parents want to do all they can to help, so they develop schemes to ensure that homework is completed.
▪ We will maintain support for the arts and continue to develop schemes for greater sponsorship in co-operation with business and private individuals.
▪ Work also began to develop a scheme for training and accrediting clerks who advise suspects in police stations.
▪ The Government has set up an advisory group of experts, headed by Baroness Sally Greengross, to develop the scheme.
▪ The workshop is aimed at youth leaders who can develop media awareness training schemes in parishes and communities in their respective countries.
▪ Participants will also be encouraged to help develop local training schemes.
▪ U.N. accountants agreed to devise a creative payment scheme to stagger their bills.
▪ Singh said that Pepper conspired with Young to devise the scheme to pass phony checks.
▪ You must take time to devise a scheme that suits your own needs.
▪ Aladdin followed them and, with his wife, devised a scheme to kill the sorcerer.
▪ Perhaps the major problem in devising a special classification scheme is the definition of the subject area to be covered.
▪ The irate king returned, and devised another scheme to doom the lucky boy.
▪ He said Labour plans to devise a comprehensive scheme of transport improvements to suit Britain's needs.
▪ Most will arrange a payment holiday, reduced payments for a specified period or devise a special scheme for you.
▪ In April 1982 Cambridgeshire introduced a four-year pilot scheme that involved seven volunteer schools: six secondary, one primary.
▪ He went on to say he would introduce a scheme for voluntary union membership as soon as possible.
▪ Mr MacGregor said that he would delay introducing the scheme because of the demands made on teachers by other educational reforms.
▪ He introduced a scheme in a firm which he was a director.
▪ In the meantime, he suggested local authorities and individual schools might introduce their own schemes.
▪ But from 11 October personal pension schemes may introduce facilities allowing scheme members to direct how funds are to be invested.
▪ This does not, however, mean that the opportunity of introducing such a scheme is lost for ever.
▪ As part of Estate Action we will introduce a new pilot scheme to promote homesteading.
▪ Target date for application to join the scheme is late August with final Registration in early 1992.
▪ Here, we explain the various possibilities if you wish to join a scheme run by your new employer.
▪ People are queuing up to join the voluntary scheme.
▪ I should like to say I joined the scheme out of humanitarian concerns but to be honest it was with a view to increasing business.
▪ Stoddards for instance having had about two each year since they joined the scheme in 1986.
▪ Does he appreciate the keen desire of many small practices to join these excellent schemes?
▪ For 1993-94, more departments and courses will be joining the Live Projects scheme.
▪ Alternatively, you could join a card protection scheme.
▪ He's launched a scheme which gives these farmers access to modern farm machinery and he teaches them how to use it.
▪ The Newcastle has launched a two-year scheme at 10.45 percent.
▪ Their kindness and co-operation has allowed us to launch this exciting new scheme for the benefit of residents and visitors to Northamptonshire.
▪ Difficulty is being expressed with the method to be used to launch the scheme.
▪ Even if they launch a new pension scheme with less generous benefits they face maintaining the solvency of the old fund.
▪ Today the Lord Mayor launched a new scheme to help them.
▪ By launching the commercial scheme in the guise of an athletic club it falls within the rules of the Amateur Athletic Association.
▪ The scheme provides awards of up to £2,000 per project for exploratory or pilot research.
▪ A draft scheme to provide a comprehensive ambulance service for the whole of Bedfordshire was approved.
▪ Hotels that wish to join the scheme provide details of their location, accommodation and facilities.
▪ Mr Brown will draw up a multimillion-pound scheme to provide subsidised transport for people who find work.
▪ Hitler's architectural schemes required war to provide the booty and raw materials to fund them, and slave-labour to construct them.
▪ The Oxfordshire scheme aims to provide a 6-month intensive programme.
▪ However, critics claimed that this scheme did not provide sufficient funds to those in real need.
▪ Many employees run private pension schemes, but often these won't provide enough income to give you a really comfortable lifestyle.
▪ There is also a consideration of the cost of running a scheme.
▪ A number of reasons exist as to why companies run funded schemes.
▪ But a small company may not set up and run its own scheme.
▪ Local authorities run a variety of schemes to help new businesses, these include grants, loans and the provision of premises.
▪ The bank already runs a five-year career-break scheme as part of its equal opportunities policy.
▪ Eleven ministries run 18 different subsidy schemes for everything from school lunches to milk.
▪ This was a curious phenomenon that perplexed and exasperated those involved in running the scheme.
▪ How groups of directors can set up a pension scheme for themselves.
▪ Research is continuing to set up schemes in Braintree, Halstead, Witham and Coggeshall.
▪ The advantage to teachers will then outweigh the inconvenience caused when we set up the scheme.
▪ In those days units, or mobile rummage crews, setting up schemes between us as a result of local smuggling information.
▪ More than half buy no peat at all and six county councils have set up schemes to produce peat-free compost.
▪ In order to compensate firms for the loss of their retention rights, the federal government set up a scheme of export subsidies.
▪ There is usually an initial charge for setting up the scheme, as well as an annual management fee.
▪ The Government should consider setting up a scheme to provide top-up money when residents' families can not provide it themselves.
pilot study/project/scheme etc
▪ A pilot study is being carried out with Manchester University.
▪ Olmsted saw Niagara as a pilot project for a larger and more ambitious campaign.
▪ Schools are being invited to put forward their brightest pupils to do the tests as part of the pilot scheme.
▪ The pilot scheme bid backed in principle by the committee yesterday is proposed for Darlington and Durham.
▪ The colours were roughly matched for salience in pilot studies with healthy observers.
▪ The Environmental Defense Fund brokered a series of pilot projects in Juarez, including one to test vehicle emissions.
▪ Under a pilot scheme multinationals have been allowed to issue their own work permits to foreign staff.
▪ With modest resources, the Agriculture Department is introducing the new technologies to growers in a handful of pilot projects nationwide.
▪ a classification scheme
▪ Adult literacy schemes have been run with great success in the inner cities.
▪ He's always coming up with these dumb schemes for making money that just land us in trouble.
▪ Several organizations run schemes to help women find work after their children have started school.
▪ The government's Youth Training Scheme soon ran into difficulties.
▪ Young came up with the scheme to pass phony checks.
▪ Easy payment schemes are often possible and for the unemployed or those in receipt of benefits colleges often waive tuition fees.
▪ I do volunteer work for a victim support scheme.
▪ In 1981 a £30 million government scheme was launched to encourage industry to switch from oil and gas to coal-fired boilers.
▪ In the coming year, changes are being made which will increase the range of the scheme.
▪ The scheme was criticized by Second Division Clubs on the grounds that they had to share the onus equally with the better-off.
▪ Therefore, we consider first the operation of the legal aid scheme.
▪ This chapter considers each of these components of a classification scheme in turn.
▪ Tony Prior, Prior Harwin's chairman, then proposed a scheme to save both the company and investors' funds.
▪ Against all the rules of the competition, Nick was scheming to win.
▪ As the King got older, he became convinced that his family were scheming against him.
▪ Behind the scenes, a small group was scheming to remove the Chairman from office.
▪ But this one, this Donald, he measured you, he was cold and narrow, and he schemed.
▪ He served him well by telling him the truth and by refusing to scheme against him.
▪ I dropped right opposite her and began scheming right off.
▪ That means his brother Joseph is required to be a scheming hypocrite.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Scheme \Scheme\, n. [L. schema a rhetorical figure, a shape, figure, manner, Gr. ?, ?, form, shape, outline, plan, fr. ?, ?, to have or hold, to hold out, sustain, check, stop; cf. Skr. sah to be victorious, to endure, to hold out, AS. sige victory, G. sieg. Cf. Epoch, Hectic, School.]

  1. A combination of things connected and adjusted by design; a system.

    The appearance and outward scheme of things.

    Such a scheme of things as shall at once take in time and eternity.

    Arguments . . . sufficient to support and demonstrate a whole scheme of moral philosophy.
    --J. Edwards.

    The Revolution came and changed his whole scheme of life.

  2. A plan or theory something to be done; a design; a project; as, to form a scheme.

    The stoical scheme of supplying our wants by lopping off our desires, is like cutting off our feet when we want shoes.

  3. Any lineal or mathematical diagram; an outline.

    To draw an exact scheme of Constantinople, or a map of France.

  4. (Astrol.) A representation of the aspects of the celestial bodies for any moment or at a given event.

    A blue silk case, from which was drawn a scheme of nativity.
    --Sir W. Scott.

    Syn: Plan; project; contrivance; purpose; device; plot.

    Usage: Scheme, Plan. Scheme and plan are subordinate to design; they propose modes of carrying our designs into effect. Scheme is the least definite of the two, and lies more in speculation. A plan is drawn out into details with a view to being carried into effect. As schemes are speculative, they often prove visionary; hence the opprobrious use of the words schemer and scheming. Plans, being more practical, are more frequently carried into effect.

    He forms the well-concerted scheme of mischief; 'T is fixed, 't is done, and both are doomed to death.

    Artists and plans relieved my solemn hours; I founded palaces, and planted bowers.


Scheme \Scheme\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Schemed; p. pr. & vb. n. Scheming.] To make a scheme of; to plan; to design; to project; to plot.

That wickedness which schemed, and executed, his destruction.
--G. Stuart.


Scheme \Scheme\, v. i. To form a scheme or schemes.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1550s, "figure of speech," from Medieval Latin schema "shape, figure, form, appearance; figure of speech; posture in dancing," from Greek skhema (genitive skhematos) "figure, appearance, the nature of a thing," related to skhein "to get," and ekhein "to have," from PIE root *segh- "to hold, to hold in one's power, to have" (cognates: Sanskrit sahate "he masters, overcomes," sahah "power, victory;" Avestan hazah "power, victory;" Greek ekhein "to have, hold;" Gothic sigis, Old High German sigu, Old Norse sigr, Old English sige "victory").\n

\nThe sense "program of action" first is attested 1640s. Unfavorable overtones (selfish, devious) began to creep in early 18c. Meaning "complex unity of coordinated component elements" is from 1736. Color scheme is attested from 1884.


"devise a scheme," 1767 (earlier "reduce to a scheme," 1716), from scheme (n.). Related: Schemed; scheming.


n. A systematic plan of future action. vb. (context intransitive English) To plot, or contrive a plan.

  1. v. form intrigues (for) in an underhand manner [syn: intrigue, connive]

  2. devise a system or form a scheme for

  1. n. an elaborate and systematic plan of action [syn: strategy]

  2. a statement that evades the question by cleverness or trickery [syn: dodge, dodging]

  3. a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole; "a vast system of production and distribution and consumption keep the country going" [syn: system]

  4. an internal representation of the world; an organization of concepts and actions that can be revised by new information about the world [syn: schema]

  5. a schematic or preliminary plan [syn: outline, schema]


Scheme or The Scheme may refer to:

  • Scheme (programming language), a minimalist, multi-paradigm dialect of Lisp
  • Scheme (mathematics), a concept in algebraic geometry
  • Scheme (linguistics), a figure of speech that changes a sentence's structure
  • Scam, an attempt to swindle, as in scheming and plotting
  • Google Schemer
  • Twitter Scheme
  • Flipboard GNU official mobile
Scheme (linguistics)

In linguistics, scheme is a figure of speech that changes the normal arrangement of words in a sentence's structure. A good example of a playwright who is notable for his use of schemes and tropes is William Shakespeare (Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Julius Caesar).

Scheme (programming language)

Scheme is a functional programming language and one of the two main dialects of the programming language Lisp. Unlike Common Lisp, the other main dialect, Scheme follows a minimalist design philosophy specifying a small standard core with powerful tools for language extension.

Scheme was created during the 1970s at the MIT AI Lab and released by its developers, Guy L. Steele and Gerald Jay Sussman, via a series of memos now known as the Lambda Papers. It was the first dialect of Lisp to choose lexical scope and the first to require implementations to perform tail-call optimization, giving stronger support for functional programming and associated techniques such as recursive algorithms. It was also one of the first programming languages to support first-class continuations. It had a significant influence on the effort that led to the development of Common Lisp.

The Scheme language is standardized in the official IEEE standard and a de facto standard called the Revised Report on the Algorithmic Language Scheme (RnRS). The most widely implemented standard is R5RS (1998); a new standard, R6RS, was ratified in 2007. Scheme has a diverse user base due to its compactness and elegance, but its minimalist philosophy has also caused wide divergence between practical implementations, so much that the Scheme Steering Committee calls it "the world's most unportable programming language" and "a family of dialects" rather than a single language.

Scheme (mathematics)

In mathematics, a scheme is a mathematical structure that enlarges the notion of algebraic variety to include, among other things multiplicities (the equations x = 0 and x = 0 define the same algebraic variety and different schemes) and "varieties" defined over rings (for example Fermat curves are defined over the integers).

Schemes were introduced by Alexander Grothendieck in 1960 in his treatise Éléments de géométrie algébrique; one of its aims was developing the formalism needed to solve deep problems of algebraic geometry, such as the Weil conjectures (the last of which was proved by Pierre Deligne). Strongly based on commutative algebra, scheme theory allows a systematic use of methods of topology and homological algebra. By including rationality questions inside the formalism, scheme theory introduces a strong connection between algebraic geometry and number theory, which eventually allowed Wiles' proof of Fermat's Last Theorem.

To be technically precise, a scheme is a topological space together with commutative rings for all of its open sets, which arises from gluing together spectra (spaces of prime ideals) of commutative rings along their open subsets. In other words, it is a locally ringed space which is locally a spectrum of a commutative ring.

Any scheme S has a unique morphism to Spec(Z), the scheme associated to the ring of integers. Therefore a scheme may be identified to its morphism to Spec(Z), in a similar way as rings may be identified to associative algebras over the integers. This is the starting point, of the relative point of view, which consists of studying only morphisms of schemes. This does not restrict the generality, and allows easily specifying some properties of schemes. For example, an algebraic variety over a field F defines a morphism of a scheme to Spec(F), to which the variety may be identified.

For details on the development of scheme theory, which quickly becomes technically demanding, see first glossary of scheme theory.

Usage examples of "scheme".

Unsure that the afflicted child had accurately named her tormentor, Putnam and Cheever devised a scheme to test her reliability.

He asserted that the scheme he was about to propose would remove all these inconveniencies, prevent numberless frauds, perjuries, and false entries, and add two or three hundred thousand pounds per annum to the public revenue.

While the assimilationist Jewish leaders naturally opposed the scheme as the first step towards total school segregation, Stricker welcomed the new ghetto schools.

For the purpose of his grand project he was quite willing to spend a long stint on Barchan, studying the Dreamsea flora and fauna and shoehorning every misfit species into his scheme.

The barghest army offered protection and companionship, and Ulgulu, always scheming for new and more devious kills, had provided Tephanis with unending important missions.

Unless some dark scheme, such as that which Barnard appeared to have in common with Don Diego, commanded obscurity, would it have been likely that Gerald should have met Alvarez alone,--at night,--on an unfrequented spot?

Paris, the young man felt that that restriction would certainly not apply to a man like de Batz, whose hot partisanship of the Royalist cause and hare-brained schemes for its restoration must make him at one with the League of the Scarlet Pimpernel.

De Batz felt that they were the real, the most likely hindrance to his schemes.

Glands, looked exquisitely charming in a creation carried out in green mercerised silk, moulded on an underslip of gloaming grey, sashed with a yoke of broad emerald and finished with a triple flounce of darkerhued fringe, the scheme being relieved by bretelles and hip insertions of acorn bronze.

But oppression has virtually no explanatory power or place in this scheme, which relieves us from the men-are-pigs, women-are-duped-sheep view.

Above all, let us strive to disengage ourselves from homogeneous space, this substratum of fixity, this arbitrary scheme of measurement and division, which, to our greater advantage, subtends the natural, qualitative, and undivided extension of images.

But wrong and right, time itself, meant nothing to the mers, formed no concept that Moon could recognize in their scheme of things.

Upon the whole, the metempsychosis may be understood, as to its inmost meaning and its final issue, to be either a Development, a Revolution, or a Retribution, a Divine system of development eternally leading creatures in a graduated ascension from the base towards the apex of the creation, a perpetual cycle in the order of nature fixedly recurring by the necessities of a physical fate unalterable, unavoidable, eternal, a scheme of punishment and reward exactly fitted to the exigencies of every case, presided over by a moral Nemesis, and issuing at last in the emancipation of every purified soul into infinite bliss, when, by the upward gravitation of spirit, they shall all have been strained through the successively finer growing filters of the worlds, from the coarse grained foundation of matter to the lower shore of the Divine essence.

The eternity of the soul, past and future, once accepted by the mind, leads directly to the construction of the whole scheme of metempsychosis an everlasting succession of births and deaths, disembodiments and reembodiments, with their laws of personality and fortunes of time and space weaving the boundless web of destiny and playing the endless drama of providence.

After things began to settle into shape at Millen, they seemed to believe that they were in such ascendancy as to numbers and organization that they could put into execution their schemes of vengeance against those of us who had been active participants in the execution of their confederates at Andersonville.