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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
personal computer
▪ But the average laptop is, in effect, a personal computer lite.
▪ It supports multi-user terminals as well as personal computer client and Unix server configurations.
▪ The next time you see a personal computer, take a long, hard look.
personal computer

n. A small computer, built around a microprocessor, for use by one person at a time (a PC).

personal computer

n. a small digital computer based on a microprocessor and designed to be used by one person at a time [syn: PC, microcomputer]

Personal computer

A personal computer (PC) is a general-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use. PCs are intended to be operated directly by an end-user with only a general knowledge of computers, rather than by a computer expert or technician. The computer time-sharing models that were typically used with larger, more expensive minicomputer and mainframe systems, to enable them be used by many people at the same time, are not used with PCs. A range of software applications ("programs") are available for personal computers including, but are not limited to, word processing, spreadsheets, databases, web browsers and e-mail, digital media playback, video games and many personal productivity and special-purpose software applications. In the 2010s, PCs are typically connected to the Internet, allowing access to the World Wide Web and other resources. Personal computers may be connected to a local area network (LAN), either by a cable or a wireless connection. In the 2010s, a PC may be a portable laptop computer or a multi-component desktop computer, which is designed for use in a fixed location. In the 2010s, PCs run using an operating system (OS), such as Microsoft Windows, Linux (and the various operating systems based on it), or Macintosh (OS).

Early computer owners in the 1960s had to write their own programs to do any useful calculations with the machines, which even did not include an operating system. The very earliest microcomputers, equipped with a front panel, required hand-loading of a " bootstrap" program to load programs from external storage ( paper tape ("punched tape"), tape cassettes, or eventually diskettes). Before long, automatic booting from permanent read-only memory (ROM) became universal. In the 2010s, users have access to a wide range of commercial software, free software (" freeware") and free and open-source software, which are provided in ready-to-run or ready-to- compile form. Software for personal computers, such as applications ("apps") and video games, are typically developed and distributed independently from the hardware or OS manufacturers, whereas software for many mobile phones and other portable systems is approved and distributed through a centralized online store.

Since the early 1990s, Microsoft operating systems and Intel hardware dominated much of the personal computer market, first with MS-DOS and then with Windows. Popular alternatives to Microsoft's Windows operating systems include Apple's OS X and free open-source Unix-like operating systems such as Linux and BSD. AMD provides the major alternative to Intel's processors. ARM architecture processors "sold 15 billion microchips in 2015, which was more than US rival Intel had sold in its history" and ARM-based smartphones and tablets, those are also effectively personal computers though not usually described as such now outnumber traditional PCs (that are by now predominantly Intel-based while a small minority is AMD-based).