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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Ariel \A"ri*el\, n., or Ariel gazelle \A"ri*el ga*zelle"\ [Ar. aryil, ayyil, stag.] (Zo["o]l.)

  1. A variety of the gazelle ( Antilope dorcas, or Gazella, dorcas), found in Arabia and adjacent countries.

  2. A squirrel-like Australian marsupial, a species of Petaurus.

  3. A beautiful Brazilian toucan Ramphastos ariel).


Ariel \A"ri*el\, n. [Heb. ari["e]l, perh. confused with E. a["e]rial.] In the Cabala, a water spirit; in later folklore, a light and graceful spirit of the air.

Note: In zo["o]logy, ariel is used adjectively of certain birds noted for their graceful flight; as, the ariel toucan; the ariel petrel. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] ||

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1382, in the Wyclif Bible, a word taken untranslated from the Vulgate, from Greek ariel (Sept.), from Hebrew ariel; in later Bibles, translated as "altar."\n\n(Gesenius would here translate "fire-hearth of God," after Arab. arr; elsewhere in O.T. the same word occurs as a man's name, and appellation of Jerusalem, where it is taken as = "lion of God.") Ariel in T. Heywood and Milton is the name of an angel, in Shakespeare of "an Ayrie spirit"; in Astron. of one of the satellites of Uranus.


\nAs the name of a species of gazelle found in the Middle East, 1832, from Arabic aryil, variant of ayyil "stag."

n. 1 A kind of mountain gazelle, native to Arabia. 2 (misspelling of aerial English)

Ariel (moon)

Ariel is the fourth-largest of the 27 known moons of Uranus. Ariel orbits and rotates in the equatorial plane of Uranus, which is almost perpendicular to the orbit of Uranus, and so has an extreme seasonal cycle.

It was discovered in October 1851 by William Lassell, and named for a character in two different pieces of literature. As of 2012, much of the detailed knowledge of Ariel derives from a single flyby of Uranus performed by the spacecraft Voyager 2 in 1986, which managed to image around 35% of the moon's surface. There are no active plans at present to return to study the moon in more detail, although various concepts such as a Uranus orbiter and probe are proposed from time to time.

After Miranda, Ariel is the second-smallest of Uranus' five major rounded satellites, and the second-closest to its planet. Among the smallest of the Solar System's 19 known spherical moons (it ranks 14th among them in diameter), it is believed to be composed of roughly equal parts ice and rocky material. Like all of Uranus' moons, Ariel probably formed from an accretion disc that surrounded the planet shortly after its formation, and, like other large moons, it is likely differentiated, with an inner core of rock surrounded by a mantle of ice. Ariel has a complex surface consisting of extensive cratered terrain cross-cut by a system of scarps, canyons, and ridges. The surface shows signs of more recent geological activity than other Uranian moons, most likely due to tidal heating.

Ariel (city)

Ariel (; ) is an Israeli settlement and city in the central West Bank, part of the Israeli-occupied territories, approximately east of the Green Line and west of the Jordan border. Ariel was first established in 1978 and its population was in , composed of veteran and young Israelis, English-speaking immigrants, and immigrants from the Former Soviet Union, with an additional influx of 10,000 students. It is the fourth largest Jewish settlement in the West Bank, after Modi'in Illit, Beitar Illit, and Ma'ale Adumim.

The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.

Ariel's jurisdiction spans , and borders the Palestinian towns and villages Salfit, Marda and Iskaka. According to B'Tselem, within Ariel's municipal area there are several enclaves of privately owned Palestinian land, whose owners are not allowed access to them.

Ariel (comics)

Ariel is a fictional character, an extraterrestrial mutant appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Her first appearance was in Fallen Angels (1st series) #1.

Ariel (detergent)

Ariel is a marketing line of laundry detergents made by Procter & Gamble. It is the flagship brand in Procter & Gamble's European, Mexican, Japanese, Brazilian, Peruvian, Turkish, Filipino, Pakistani, Colombian, Chilean, Indian and Venezuelan portfolios. In some U.S. stores, Mexican Ariel is available.

Ariel (Firefly episode)

"Ariel" is the ninth episode of the science fiction television series Firefly created by Joss Whedon.

Hard up for cash, Serenity takes on a job from Simon: break into an Alliance hospital on central world Ariel so that he can get a thorough diagnostic of River and the crew can loot the valuable stores of medicine. But River's pursuers are hot on their trail, and they receive some unexpected inside help.

Ariel (novel)

Ariel is a science fiction novel by Alexander Beliaev published for the first time in 1941.

The main character, Ariel, was given the power to fly without any device. He and a young friend escape from the school they were confined in. In the course of the events, Ariel discovers that he is an Englishman, and was taken to that special school in India because he and his sister were rich, and that he was given into custody to people who want his money.

The novel was made into a film in 1992, directed by Yevgeni Kotov.

Ariel (angel)

Ariel is an archangel found primarily in Jewish and Christian mysticism and Apocrypha. The name Ariel, "Lion of God" or "Hearth of God," occurs in the Hebrew Bible but as the name of an angel the earliest source is unclear.

Ariel (book)

Ariel was the second book of Sylvia Plath's poetry to be published, and was originally published in 1965, two years after her death by suicide. The poems in the 1965 edition of Ariel, with their free flowing images and characteristically menacing psychic landscapes, marked a dramatic turn from Plath's earlier Colossus poems.

In the 1965 edition of Ariel, Ted Hughes changed Plath's chosen selection and arrangement by dropping twelve poems, adding twelve composed a few months later, and shifting the poems' ordering, in addition to including an introduction by the poet Robert Lowell. Having Lowell write the introduction to the book was appropriate, since, in a BBC interview, Plath cited Lowell's book Life Studies as having had a profound influence over the poetry she was writing in this last phase of her writing career. In the same interview, Plath also cited the poet Anne Sexton as an important influence on her writing during this time since Sexton was also exploring some of the same dark, taboo, personal subject matter that Plath was exploring in her writing.

In 2004 a new edition of Ariel was published which for the first time restored the selection and arrangement of the poems as Plath had left them; the 2004 edition also features a foreword by Plath and Hughes' daughter Frieda Hughes.

Ariel (newspaper)

Ariel was the in-house magazine/ newspaper of the BBC, published weekly on Tuesdays, and named after the statue of Shakespeare's Prospero and Ariel by Eric Gill on the facade of the BBC's Broadcasting House, London.

On 19 October 2011, it was announced that the printed edition would cease production at the end of December 2011 and then only be available as Ariel Online. Candida Watson, its editor, was one of the redundancies.

Distributed as a newspaper for 75 years to staff and visitors at major BBC premises, it was also available to the public by subscription ( £50 p.a. UK). Ariel Online can be accessed by corporation staff electronically over the BBC intranet (Gateway) and from 2011 to 2015 it was available via

An equivalent publication circulated each month to retired BBC staff called Prospero is also available online in PDF format.

Ariel (Disney character)

Princess Ariel is a fictional character and the title character of Walt Disney Pictures' 28th animated film The Little Mermaid (1989). She subsequently appears in the film's prequel television series, direct-to-video sequel The Little Mermaid II: Return to the Sea (where her daughter, Melody, takes over as the lead character, while Ariel is a secondary character instead) and direct-to-video prequel The Little Mermaid: Ariel's Beginning. Ariel is voiced by Jodi Benson in all official animated appearances and merchandise. She is fourth in the Disney Princess lineup, and the only princess to become a mother to her own child.

Ariel has a distinctive appearance, with her long, flowing, bright red hair, blue eyes, green mermaid tail and purple seashell bikini top. In the films and television series, she is the seventh-born daughter of King Triton and Queen Athena of an underwater kingdom of Merfolk. She is often rebellious, and in the first film longs to be a part of the human world. She marries Prince Eric, whom she rescued from a shipwreck, and together they have a daughter, Melody.

The character is based on the title character of Hans Christian Andersen's " The Little Mermaid" story, but was developed into a different personality for the 1989 animated film adaptation. Ariel has received a mixed reception from critics; some publications such as Time criticize her for being too devoted to her man whereas others, such as Empire, praise the character for her rebellious personality, a departure from previous Disney Princesses.

Ariel (Australian band)

Ariel was an Australian progressive rock band fronted by Mike Rudd and Bill Putt, who formed the band in 1973 after the breakup of their previous group Spectrum (which also performed under the alter-ego Indelible Murtceps). The original Ariel line-up was Rudd (guitar, harmonica, vocals), Putt (bass), Tim Gaze (guitar), Nigel Macara (drums) and John Mills (keyboards). Gaze and Macara were recruited from seminal Australian progressive rock band Tamam Shud.

Ariel (anime)

(which stands for "All a-Round Intercept and Escort Lady") is a mecha anime OVA series. ARIEL is also known as The ARIEL Project. It was released in the United States by Central Park Media in 2003.

Ariel (wrestler)
Ariel (American automobile)

In 1907, production of the Ariel was transferred to the Sinclair-Scott Company of Baltimore, Maryland, who changed the brand name to Maryland.

Ariel (poem)

"Ariel" is a poem written by the American poet Sylvia Plath. It was written on October 27, 1962, shortly before her death, and published posthumously in the collection Ariel in 1965, of which it is the namesake. Despite its ambiguity, it is literally understood to describe an early morning horse-ride towards the rising sun. Scholars and literary critics have applied various methods of interpretation to "Ariel".

Ariel (name)

Ariel is a given name from Biblical Hebrew אריאל Ariel that literally means "lion of God". The female form is אריאלה (transliterated as Ariela, Ariella, or Arielle), although "Ariel" can also be used as a woman's name. In modern Hebrew, Ariel is primarily used as a male name. However, in recent years in English-speaking countries, it has been more commonly used as a female name. An alternative English and French spelling is Arielle.

Common short forms of Ariel are Ari and Arik for boys (primarily in Hebrew-speaking areas) and Arie, Elle, and Ella for girls (primarily in English and French-speaking areas).

Ariel (film)

Ariel is a 1988 Finnish drama film directed and written by Aki Kaurismäki. The film tells the story of Taisto Kasurinen (Turo Pajala), a Finnish coal miner who must find a way to live in the big city after the mine closes and his father, also a miner, commits suicide.

Taisto's friend is played by Matti Pellonpää, an actor who appeared in many of Kaurismäki's early films.

This is the second film in Kaurismäki's Proletariat Trilogy ( Shadows in Paradise, Ariel, and The Match Factory Girl). The trilogy has been released on Region One DVD by Criterion, in their Eclipse box-sets. The film is included in the 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die list. The film was entered into the 16th Moscow International Film Festival where Turo Pajala won the Bronze St. George for Best Actor.

Ariel (song)

"Ariel" is a hit single written and performed by Dean Friedman, released in April, 1977. It was the first of two hits from Friedman's eponymous debut LP, Friedman. "Ariel," however, was his only hit in North America. It reached number 26 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart, number 17 on the Cash Box Top 100, and number 19 in Canada. The song spent 22 weeks on the Billboard chart and 24 weeks on Cash Box.

"Ariel" has been described as a "quirkily irresistible and uncategorizable pop song about a free spirited, music loving, vegetarian Jewish girl", from Paramus, New Jersey, where he grew up. The lyrics describe the young girl from "deep in the bosom of suburbia," who sang "mighty fine," with "'Tears on My Pillow' and 'Ave Maria'" perhaps implying that he was Roman Catholic. It describes the girl Ariel, "standing by the [since dismantled] waterfall at Paramus Park", one of the many shopping malls in Paramus. The quarters she was collecting for "friends of BAI" refers to the New York radio station WBAI, and their listener association, while the song also makes reference to "channel 2," which refers to local CBS affiliate WCBS-TV.

Chicago radio superstation WLS, which gave the song much airplay, ranked "Ariel" as the 60th most popular hit of 1977. It reached as high as number four on their survey of August 20, 1977.

Ariel (DJ)

Ariel Belloso (born 14 September 1967) is an Argentine, UK Based DJ and record producer. He began his career playing new wave music and disco music at clubs in Rosario and Buenos Aires during the early 1980s and moved to London in 1991, after spending 8 months in Ibiza, where he was influenced by the early house music and acid house sounds.

While DJing in London and throughout the world during the 1990s, he developed a personal unique style, combining the sounds of hard house and trance, influenced by the rhythms of his Latin music background with main focus on polyrhythm grooves and energy flow. This sound proved to be an integral and vital element for the evolution of London’s hard house and trance scene throughout the 1990s. He was also the first Argentine artist to enter the UK Top 30 Singles Chart with his record “A9”.

Since 2001–2002 Ariel had moved on musically. He abandoned the hard house and trance of the 1990s for a new, Latin influenced house and techno sound, which he produced and performed through his 7-year weekly residency at London’s cutting edge club, Fabric.

Ariel (The Tempest)

Ariel is a spirit who appears in William Shakespeare's play The Tempest. Ariel is bound to serve the magician Prospero, who rescued him from the tree in which he was imprisoned by Sycorax, the witch who previously inhabited the island. Prospero greets disobedience with a reminder that he saved Ariel from Sycorax's spell, and with promises to grant Ariel his freedom. Ariel is Prospero's eyes and ears throughout the play, using his magical abilities to cause the tempest in Act One which gives the play its name, and to foil other characters' plots to bring down his master.

The source of Ariel's name and character is unknown, although several critics have pointed out his similarities to the Ariel mentioned in Isaiah chapter 29 in the Bible. The name means "Lion of God", in this sense. Ariel may also be a simple play on the word "aerial". Scholars have compared him to sprites depicted in other Elizabethan plays, and have managed to find several similarities between them, but one thing which makes Ariel unique is the human edge and personality given him by Shakespeare.

Since the stage directions in The Tempest are so precise, critics and historians are better able to see how this play may have originally been performed than with other Shakespearean plays. Several of the scenes involving magic have clear instructions on how to create the illusion required, causing critics to make connections and guesses as to exactly what sort of technology would have been used in Shakespeare's troupe to stage Ariel's role in the play. Also, a line by Ariel in Act IV brings other scholars to ask questions as to whether the original actor for Ariel played the part for Ceres as well, due to a shortage of boy actors.

Ariel is widely viewed as a male character, although this view has wavered over the years, especially in the Restoration, when, for the most part, women played the role. Ariel has also been involved, though lightly, in the debate over the colonialist nature of the play, as scholars have tried to determine how he compares to the more rebellious Caliban in terms of service to the European Prospero.

Ariel (Russian band)

Ariel are a " VIA" (pop/rock) band based in Chelyabinsk, Russia. They were formed in 1970 and headed by Valery Yarushin. From 1989 to the present day, they have been headed by Rostislav Gepp. The group emerged from a fusion of two earlier (1960s) ensembles, called Ariel and Allegro. Yarushin, who had been in charge of Allegro, became the manager of the new group. The band was popular during the Soviet era and won several awards. Their performances often made use of material of Russian folk music.

Ariel (Once Upon a Time)

"Ariel" is the sixth episode of the third season of the American fantasy drama series Once Upon a Time, and the show's 50th episode overall. This episode also marks the debut of Ariel, played by Joanna García Swisher.

In this episode, the group finds a way to rescue Neal ( Michael Raymond-James) from captivity through the Echo Cave; though it requires everyone to reveal their deepest secrets to each other. Meanwhile, back in the fairytale world, Snow White ( Ginnifer Goodwin) is saved by Ariel ( Joanna García Swisher), and then helps her reunite with Prince Eric ( Gil McKinney), with The Evil Queen ( Lana Parrilla) posing as Ursula in an attempt to stop them.

The episode — written by Edward Kitsis and Adam Horowitz — was watched by 7.55 million viewers, and received generally positive reviews from critics.

Usage examples of "ariel".

Which means Ariel would probably be dead by now from amnemonic plague, and who knows where the rest of us would be?

That told Ariel what she needed to know: the few shredded memories of home to survive her amnemonic plague were still accurate.

Ariel Sharon, who was capturing territory south of El Arish at the time of the slaughter, had been close to massacres during other conflicts.

A drowsing ariel noticed it was beshadowed and moved aside, sunseeking.

I tried to block thoughts of my husband, Ariel, from my mind: He had warned me that the Escalade was going to bring me nothing but headaches.

For most of the year Moony and Ariel lived in Kamensic Village, the affluent New York exurb where her mother ran Earthly Delights Catering and Moony attended high school, and everything was pretty much normal.

From the way Ariel clucked over her sons, Margaret suspected she refused help and wore herself out fussing over them.

As before, he followed Jeff and preceded Ariel, all three of them now crawling along the damp earth so that the body of the hoer would block them from view.

Even ariels were more plentiful, a lacery of trails across the sandy margin.

It was the summer that Ariel started the workshop in Creative Psychokinesis, the first summer that Jason and his father had stayed at Mars Hill.

They filled the chairs in the wide old-fashioned hall where Ariel received them, and overpoured on the broad steps of the old-fashioned spiral staircase, where Mr.

Ariel and Uriel, like Gabriel, were angels, but Catherine La Voisin was a professional palmist and clairvoyant during the reign of Louis XIV.

Ariel what had happened during that Florida night of unextinguished candles.

Ariel reached for the pin when deep chuckles came from behind, followed by loud peals of laughter, drawing their attention to the door.

They regretted the mad infatuation of their young friend with Ariel the princess, and yet they did not blame him, for, as the New Englander remarked, could they have believed there was any hope for them, they would have fallen as irrestrainably in love as he.