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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ A close analogy can be drawn between cancer of the cell and a society hooked on drugs.
▪ Perhaps a closer analogy would be with a telescope that misrepresented what we were looking at.
▪ There are close analogies between the two spheres.
▪ A close analogy with the art of singing can be made here.
▪ Apart from obvious differences in scale, there were close analogies.
▪ In the bureaucratic model, there is a close analogy with the theory of the firm.
▪ There is a good analogy with light.
▪ In fact a good analogy may be made with human relationships.
▪ The reason for this is interesting, and worth a digression because it provides a good genetic analogy.
▪ The best analogy is probably with the methods of the legal profession.
▪ The iridescent films of oil on top of puddles provide perhaps the best analogies.
▪ I have suggested that singing is a good analogy for the discovery and use of the light principle.
▪ Oresme even drew an analogy with what would happen on a moving ship, as Galileo was later to do.
▪ Here we may draw an analogy between geriatrics and paediatrics, another age-based medical specialism.
▪ We can perhaps draw a useful analogy with pharmaceutical products.
▪ I find this an illuminating analogy of the real purpose of prayer.
▪ It is not, of course, invariably helpful to make analogies between sexism and racism.
▪ Analogies are of interest because they require a construction and comparison of relationships between the members that make up the analogy.
▪ It starts out with a familiar idea and then builds on it, making neater analogies and finer distinctions.
▪ Logic machines have turned out to be poor at dealing with images and making analogies.
▪ Michael Ghiselin developed this idea further in 1974 and made some telling analogies with economic trends.
▪ A third way of dealing with a topic indirectly, perhaps the most difficult to handle, is to use analogy.
▪ Another strategy that Cooley uses occasionally is the analogy between things that are very different in most respects.
▪ He then uses this analogy with the sentence to describe the trajectory by which the subject constitutes itself through the other.
▪ I have used the analogy of the structure of a document to describe the basis of the curriculum.
▪ I used the analogy of a family that goes from rags to riches and back to rags in three or four generations.
▪ These items are all connected, and any of them may be used as analogies or homologies for each other.
▪ He sees that Shakespeare discovered how he might use analogy and metaphor as themost acute representation of a mind engaged in thought.
▪ To use Gordon Brown's analogy, we are being offered sparrows and sticklebacks.
▪ Leave all your old team analogies behind.
▪ Lyell's system was, therefore, to exemplify an epistemological analogy.
▪ The analogy has its limitations, but is a valuable starting point.
▪ The Hobbesian analogy is considered to be partial and gender-biased.
▪ The main criticism of the argument from analogy is that these two assumptions are inconsistent.
▪ The Tree of Knowledge is the appropriate analogy.
▪ They assume, that is, that the principles of analogy and local interpretation constrain their experience.
▪ To return to the analogy of the lawn sprinkler and the rainstorm, both can explain how the driveway got wet.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Analogy \A*nal"o*gy\, n.; pl. Analogies. [L. analogia, Gr. ?, fr. ?: cf. F. analogie. See Analogous.]

  1. A resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind, because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling it to discover things before hidden.

    Note: Followed by between, to, or with; as, there is an analogy between these objects, or one thing has an analogy to or with another.

    Note: Analogy is very commonly used to denote similarity or essential resemblance; but its specific meaning is a similarity of relations, and in this consists the difference between the argument from example and that from analogy. In the former, we argue from the mere similarity of two things; in the latter, from the similarity of their relations.

  2. (Biol.) A relation or correspondence in function, between organs or parts which are decidedly different.

  3. (Geom.) Proportion; equality of ratios.

  4. (Gram.) Conformity of words to the genius, structure, or general rules of a language; similarity of origin, inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as opposed to anomaly.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1540s (perhaps early 15c.), from Old French analogie or directly from Latin analogia, from Greek analogia "proportion," from ana- "upon, according to" (see ana-) + logos "ratio," also "word, speech, reckoning" (see logos). A mathematical term used in a wider sense by Plato.


n. A relationship of resemblance or equivalence between two situations, people, or objects, especially when used as a basis for explanation or extrapolation.

  1. n. an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others

  2. drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect; "the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"

  3. the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; language can point in the right direction but any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate [syn: doctrine of analogy] [ant: apophatism, cataphatism]

Analogy (album)

Analogy is the first studio album by the band Analogy. The album was reissued in 2004 on Akarma Records.

Analogy (disambiguation)

Analogy is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject to another.

Analogy may also refer to:

  • Analogy (band), a German and Italian rock band active in the 1970s
  • Analogy (album), an album by Analogy
  • Analogy (biology), a trait or an organ that appears similar in two unrelated organisms

Analogy (from Greek ἀναλογία, analogia, "proportion") is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another (the target), or a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is an inference or an argument from one particular to another particular, as opposed to deduction, induction, and abduction, where at least one of the premises or the conclusion is general. The word analogy can also refer to the relation between the source and the target themselves, which is often, though not necessarily, a similarity, as in the biological notion of analogy.

Analogy plays a significant role in problem solving such as, decision making, perception, memory, creativity, emotion, explanation, and communication. It lies behind basic tasks such as the identification of places, objects and people, for example, in face perception and facial recognition systems. It has been argued that analogy is "the core of cognition". Specific analogical language comprises exemplification, comparisons, metaphors, similes, allegories, and parables, but not metonymy. Phrases like and so on, and the like, as if, and the very word like also rely on an analogical understanding by the receiver of a message including them. Analogy is important not only in ordinary language and common sense (where proverbs and idioms give many examples of its application) but also in science, philosophy, and the humanities. The concepts of association, comparison, correspondence, mathematical and morphological homology, homomorphism, iconicity, isomorphism, metaphor, resemblance, and similarity are closely related to analogy. In cognitive linguistics, the notion of conceptual metaphor may be equivalent to that of analogy.

Analogy has been studied and discussed since classical antiquity by philosophers, scientists, and lawyers. The last few decades have shown a renewed interest in analogy, most notably in cognitive science.

Analogy (band)

Analogy was a German and Italian psychedelic rock, progressive rock band, active in the 1970s. The band was launched by the guitarist Martin Thurn when attending the European School, Varese. In 1968, Thurn founded a band called Sons of Glove. Other members were Wolfgang Schoene, Thomas Schmidt (later Pell Mell) and Jutta Nienhaus. The band later renamed itself to Joice (due to a misprint later as The Yoice) in 1970 with drummer Hermann-Jürgen Nienhaus (brother of Jutta) and Mauro Rattaggi (bass), the only Italian member of the band. During a music festival in Arona, a spontaneous collaboration happened with keyboarder Nikola Pankoff whilst playing a free interpretation of Pink Floyd's " Atom Heart Mother". Pankoff became a band member thereafter. Finally, in 1972, after becoming a more centered progressive rock band, they decided to change their name to Analogy. Their first release was the single "Sold Out" / "God's Own Land", two songs written by Thurn. At the end of the year, Rattaggi had to join the army and left the band. Schoene changed to the bass guitar.

Usage examples of "analogy".

The only way to do that, using a human analogy, is to amputate the infected limb.

We designate as organisms the elephant and the bacterian, only because we assume by analogy in those creatures the same conjunction of feeling and consciousness that we know to exist in ourselves.

The only analogy Orion could think of that made any sense at all was that it felt as if he were some brilliantly made machine and the fusion generator that powered it had just come on-line.

Ben Montoya warns solemnly that Biblical analogies are exclusionary and very often offensive in our increasingly diverse society.

Robert Boyle, too, strongly advocated the biblical assertion that humans are made in the image of God, not nature, and this undermined the organic model of nature, which drew analogies between microcosm and macrocosm and between humans and the rest of creation.

Pinel calls attention particularly to the analogy in this case by mentioning that if the captain were exposed to fatigue, privation, cold, etc.

It is very noticeable that these reliefs, unlike the others which in general furnish the closest analogies, the metopes of the temple at Selinous and the pediment of the Megarian Treasury at Olympia, have the ground unpainted.

Let the climate and vegetation change, let other competing rodents or new beasts of prey immigrate, or old ones become modified, and all analogy would lead us to believe that some at least of the squirrels would decrease in numbers or become exterminated, unless they also became modified and improved in structure in a corresponding manner.

Change the analogy again: Think of them as the bees they so resemble, the pollinators of a gigantic monoclinous flower we call the Solar System.

There was a strong tendency last century to revive the notion, and even to our modern ideas, with our Copernican astronomy, there remains at least the possibility of drawing fantastical analogies between the proportionate distances of the planets and the proportionate vibration numbers of the partial tones in a musically vibrating string or pipe.

It was inevitable that a symbolic logic should come into being, with Boole, at precisely that period when languages were becoming philological objects: for, despite some superficial resemblances and a few technical analogies, it was not a question, as it had been in the Classical age, of constituting a universal language, but of representing the forms and connections of thought outside all language.

I explain the fact that the analogies are not closer, by reflecting that this is the one of the few cases in which Tabachetti has left us a piece of portrait work, pure and simple, and that his treatment of the head and figure in pure portraiture, would naturally differ from that adopted in an ideal and imaginative work.

In terms of the earlier analogy, this would necessitate some renumbering of pages.

First, the very idea of an analogy between the separate works of God leads to the conclusion that the system which is of less importance is economically or sacramentally connected with the more momentous system, and of this conclusion the theory, to which I was inclined as a boy, viz.

We find here again a certain formal analogy with a complex semiological system such as that of the various types of psycho-analysis.