Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Banc \Banc\, ||Bancus \Ban"cus\, Bank \Bank\, n. [OF. banc, LL. bancus. See Bank, n.] A bench; a high seat, or seat of distinction or judgment; a tribunal or court.
In banc, In banco (the ablative of bancus), In bank, in full court, or with full judicial authority; as, sittings in banc (distinguished from sittings at nisi prius). [1913 Webster] ||
Bank \Bank\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Banked(b[a^][ng]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. Banking.]
To raise a mound or dike about; to inclose, defend, or fortify with a bank; to embank. ``Banked well with earth.''
To heap or pile up; as, to bank sand.
To pass by the banks of. [Obs.]
(Engineering) To build (a roadway or railroad) with an inclination at a curve in the road, so as to counteract centrifugal forces acting on vehicles moving rapiudly around the curve, thus reducing the danger of vehicles overturning at a curve; as, the raceway was steeply banked at the curves.
To bank a fire, To bank up a fire, to cover the coals or embers with ashes or cinders, thus keeping the fire low but alive.
Bank \Bank\ (b[a^][ng]k), n. [OE. banke; akin to E. bench, and prob. of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. bakki. See Bench.]
A mound, pile, or ridge of earth, raised above the surrounding level; hence, anything shaped like a mound or ridge of earth; as, a bank of clouds; a bank of snow.
They cast up a bank against the city.
--2 Sam. xx. 15.
A steep acclivity, as the slope of a hill, or the side of a ravine.
The margin of a watercourse; the rising ground bordering a lake, river, or sea, or forming the edge of a cutting, or other hollow.
Tiber trembled underneath her banks.
An elevation, or rising ground, under the sea; a shoal, shelf, or shallow; as, the banks of Newfoundland.
The face of the coal at which miners are working.
A deposit of ore or coal, worked by excavations above water level.
The ground at the top of a shaft; as, ores are brought to bank.
(A["e]ronautics) The lateral inclination of an a["e]roplane as it rounds a curve; as, a bank of 45[deg] is easy; a bank of 90[deg] is dangerous.
A group or series of objects arranged near together; as, a bank of electric lamps, etc.
The tilt of a roadway or railroad, at a curve in the road, designed to counteract centrifugal forces acting on vehicles moving rapiudly around the curve, thus reducing the danger of overturning during a turn.
Bank beaver (Zo["o]l.), the otter. [Local, U.S.]
Bank swallow, a small American and European swallow ( Clivicola riparia) that nests in a hole which it excavates in a bank.
Bank \Bank\, v. i. (A["e]ronautics) To tilt sidewise in rounding a curve; -- said of a flying machine, an a["e]rocurve, or the like.
Bank \Bank\, n. [Prob. fr. F. banc. Of German origin, and akin to E. bench. See Bench.]
A bench, as for rowers in a galley; also, a tier of oars.
Placed on their banks, the lusty Trojan sweep Neptune's smooth face, and cleave the yielding deep.
The bench or seat upon which the judges sit.
The regular term of a court of law, or the full court sitting to hear arguments upon questions of law, as distinguished from a sitting at Nisi Prius, or a court held for jury trials. See Banc.
(Printing) A sort of table used by printers.
(Music) A bench, or row of keys belonging to a keyboard, as in an organ.
Bank \Bank\, n. [F. banque, It. banca, orig. bench, table, counter, of German origin, and akin to E. bench; cf. G. bank bench, OHG. banch. See Bench, and cf. Banco, Beach.]
An establishment for the custody, loan, exchange, or issue, of money, and for facilitating the transmission of funds by drafts or bills of exchange; an institution incorporated for performing one or more of such functions, or the stockholders (or their representatives, the directors), acting in their corporate capacity.
The building or office used for banking purposes.
A fund to be used in transacting business, especially a joint stock or capital.
Let it be no bank or common stock, but every man be master of his own money.
(Gaming) The sum of money or the checks which the dealer or banker has as a fund, from which to draw his stakes and pay his losses.
In certain games, as dominos, a fund of pieces from which the players are allowed to draw; in Monopoly, the fund of money used to pay bonuses due to the players, or to which they pay fines.
a place where something is stored and held available for future use; specifically, an organization that stores biological products for medical needs; as, a blood bank, an organ bank, a sperm bank.
Bank credit, a credit by which a person who has given the required security to a bank has liberty to draw to a certain extent agreed upon.
Bank of deposit, a bank which receives money for safe keeping.
Bank of issue, a bank which issues its own notes payable to bearer.
Bank \Bank\, v. t.
To deposit in a bank.
Bank \Bank\, v. i.
To keep a bank; to carry on the business of a banker.
To deposit money in a bank; to have an account with a banker.
A bank is a financial institution and a financial intermediary that accepts deposits and channels those deposits into lending activities.
Bank or banking may also refer to:
BANK (art collective)
BANK was an artists' group active in London during the 1990s.
Bánk is a village and municipality in the comitat of Nógrád, Hungary.
Bank (card game)
Bank, also known also as "Polish Bank" or "Russian Bank," is a comparing card game. The game requires a standard 52-card deck and five or six players.
Bank is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
- Christian Bank, Danish footballer
- David Bank, American dermatologist
- Frank Bank (1942–2013), American actor
- István Bank (born 1984), Hungarian footballer
- Jan Bank (born 1940), Dutch historian
- Jesper Bank (born 1957), Danish sailor
- Lawrence C. Bank, American engineer
- Linda Bank (born 1986), Dutch swimmer
- Melissa Bank (born 1961), American writer
- Ondřej Bank (born 1980), Czech alpine skier
In geography, the word bank generally refers to the land alongside a body of water. Different structures are referred to as banks in different fields of geography, as follows.
In limnology (the study of inland waters), a stream bank or river bank is the terrain alongside the bed of a river, creek, or stream. The bank consists of the sides of the channel, between which the flow is confined. Stream banks are of particular interest in fluvial geography, which studies the processes associated with rivers and streams and the deposits and landforms created by them. The descriptive terms left bank and right bank are relative to an observer looking downstream, in which the right bank is to the observer's right; a famous example of this is the naming of the two sides of the river Seine in Paris. The shoreline of ponds, swamps, estuarys, reservoirs, or lakes are also of interest in limnology, and are sometimes referred to as banks. The grade of all these banks or shorelines can vary from vertical to a shallow slope.
In freshwater ecology, banks are of interest as the location of riparian habitats. Riparian zones occur along upland and lowland river and stream beds. The ecology around and depending on a marsh, swamp, slough, or estuary, sometimes called a bank, is likewise studied in freshwater ecology.
Banks are also of interest in navigation, where the term can refer either to a barrier island or a submerged plateau. A barrier island is a long narrow island composed of sand and forming a barrier between an island lagoon or sound and the ocean. A submerged plateau is a relatively flat topped elevation of the sea floor at shallow depth (generally less than 200m), typically on the continental shelf or near an island.
Etymology 1 n. An institution where one can place and borrow money and take care of financial affairs. vb. 1 (context intransitive English) To deal with a bank or financial institution. 2 (context transitive English) To put into a bank. Etymology 2
n. 1 (context hydrology English) An edge of river, lake, or other watercourse. 2 (context nautical hydrology English) An elevation, or rising ground, under the sea; a shallow area of shifting sand, gravel, mud, and so forth (for example, a sandbank or mudbank). 3 (context geography English) A slope of earth, sand, etc.; an embankment. 4 (context aviation English) The incline of an aircraft, especially during a turn. 5 (context rail transport English) An incline, a hill. 6 A mass noun for a quantity of clouds. 7 (context mining English) The face of the coal at which miners are working. 8 (context mining English) A deposit of ore or coal, worked by excavations above water level. 9 (context mining English) The ground at the top of a shaft. vb. 1 (context intransitive aviation English) To roll or incline laterally in order to turn. 2 (context transitive English) To cause (an aircraft) to '''bank'''. 3 (context transitive English) To form into a bank or heap, to bank up. 4 (context transitive English) To cover the embers of a fire with ashes in order to retain heat. 5 (context transitive English) To raise a mound or dike about; to enclose, defend, or fortify with a bank; to embank. 6 (context transitive obsolete English) To pass by the banks of. Etymology 3
n. A row or panel of items stored or grouped together. vb. (context transitive order and arrangement English) To arrange or order in a row. Etymology 4
n. 1 A bench, as for rowers in a galley; also, a tier of oars. 2 A bench or seat for judges in court. 3 The regular term of a court of law, or the full court sitting to hear arguments upon questions of law, as distinguished from a sitting at nisi prius, or a court held for jury trials. See (term banc English). 4 (context archaic printing English) A kind of table used by printers. 5 (context music English) A bench, or row of keys belonging to a keyboard, as in an organ. 6 (context uncountable English) ''slang'' for money
v. tip laterally; "the pilot had to bank the aircraft"
enclose with a bank; "bank roads"
do business with a bank or keep an account at a bank; "Where do you bank in this town?"
act as the banker in a game or in gambling
be in the banking business
cover with ashes so to control the rate of burning; "bank a fire"
n. a financial institution that accepts deposits and channels the money into lending activities; "he cashed a check at the bank"; "that bank holds the mortgage on my home" [syn: depository financial institution, banking concern, banking company]
sloping land (especially the slope beside a body of water); "they pulled the canoe up on the bank"; "he sat on the bank of the river and watched the currents"
a supply or stock held in reserve for future use (especially in emergencies)
a building in which commercial banking is transacted; "the bank is on the corner of Nassau and Witherspoon" [syn: bank building]
an arrangement of similar objects in a row or in tiers; "he operated a bank of switches"
a long ridge or pile; "a huge bank of earth"
the funds held by a gambling house or the dealer in some gambling games; "he tried to break the bank at Monte Carlo"
a flight maneuver; aircraft tips laterally about its longitudinal axis (especially in turning); "the plane went into a steep bank"
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
"financial institution," late 15c., from either Old Italian banca or Middle French banque (itself from the Italian word), both meaning "table" (the notion is of the moneylender's exchange table), from a Germanic source (compare Old High German bank "bench"); see bank (n.2).\n
\nBank holiday is from 1871, though the tradition is as old as the Bank of England. To cry all the way to the bank was coined 1956 by flamboyant pianist Liberace, after a Madison Square Garden concert that was packed with patrons but panned by critics.
"earthen incline, edge of a river," c.1200, probably in Old English but not attested in surviving documents, from a Scandinavian source such as Old Norse banki, Old Danish banke "sandbank," from Proto-Germanic *bangkon "slope," cognate with *bankiz "shelf" (see bench (n.)).
"to act as a banker," 1727, from bank (n.1). As "to deposit in a bank" from 1833. Figurative sense of "to rely on" (i.e. "to put money on") is from 1884, U.S. colloquial. Meaning "to ascend," as of an incline, is from 1892. In aeronautics, from 191
Related: Banked; banking.
Usage examples of "bank".
Give me the Saltings of Essex with the east winds blowing over them, and the primroses abloom upon the bank, and the lanes fetlock deep in mud, and for your share you may take all the scented gardens of Sinan and the cups and jewels of his ladies, with the fightings and adventures of the golden East thrown in.
He watched it, then dropped another daisy into the water, and after that another, and sat watching them with bright, absolved eyes, crouching near on the bank.
This illustration is not intended to apply to the older bridges with widely distended masses, which render each pier sufficient to abut the arches springing from it, but tend, in providing for a way over the river, to choke up the way by the river itself, or to compel the river either to throw down the structure or else to destroy its own banks.
Behind that door was evidently the place of moneyed secrets and decisions, and Guil told himself that Aby had been right and this banking thing evidently did work.
The efforts of the Cortes were chiefly directed to the averting of the catastrophe of a national bankruptcy, which was effected by the acceptation of a loan, conjointly tendered by the Mercantile Association, and the Lisbon bank.
But even if the market falls and some of the acceptors break, the banks will have to pay up.
That role gave him access to the transfer procedures, including how bank officials arranged for a transfer to be sent.
Then, blundering about and bellowing like a wounded rhino, he staggered out front and shoveled a big sluiceway in the recently patched ditch bank, allowing almost the entire acequia flow to cascade into his already soggy front vega.
His formidable host, when it was drawn out in order of battle, covered the banks of the river, the adjacent heights, and the whole extent of a plain of above twelve miles, which separated the two armies.
I had been advanced to the rank of tribune in the Second Legion Adjutrix, and passed some months of a rainy autumn on the banks of the Upper Danube with no other companion than a newly published volume of Plutarch.
Lord Ado has seen my bank balance, thanks to your dear friend and servant, Len.
My mother bought a brick cottage in Pulteney street and a Burra share with her legacy--both excellent investments--and my brother left the bank and went into the aerated water business with James Hamilton Parr.
Above the fog banks a wrack of cloud had gathered, the aerophane was coated with a glittering mist.
The track to Agios Georgios wound its way between high banks of maquis, the scented maquis of Greece.
The white-on-blue Villerville-sur-Mer sign, the first dozen houses, the Credit Agricole bank had all flashed past when I saw the slip-road open in front of me.