Camber (legendary king)
Camber, also Kamber, was the legendary first king of Cambria, according to the Geoffrey of Monmouth in the first part of his influential 12th-century pseudohistory Historia Regum Britanniae. According to Geoffrey, Cambria, the classical name for Wales, was named for him.
Camber was the son of Brutus, and a descendant of Aeneas of Troy. Upon his father's death he was given Cambria, while his younger brother Albanactus got Alba (the territory corresponding to modern Scotland; from Welsh Yr Alban) and his older brother Locrinus received Logres (corresponding to England; from Welsh Lloegr) and the title of King of the Britons. When Albanactus was murdered by Humber, King of the Huns, Camber joined Locrinus in attacking and defeating him.
Like many of the characters reported by Geoffrey, Camber has no historical basis but is the product of Geoffrey of Monmouth's imagination, invented largely for political ends within the contemporary Anglo-Norman world.
Camber may refer to a variety of curvatures and angles:
- Camber angle, the angle made by the wheels of a vehicle
- Camber beam, an upward curvature of a joist to compensate for load deflection due in buildings
- Camber thrust in bike technology
- Camber (aerodynamics), the asymmetry between the top and bottom curves of an aerofoil
- Camber (ship), a measure of transversal deck curvature in naval architecture
- Cant (road/rail), the convex curvature of a road surface in road construction
- The curvature of a bow (music) used to play certain string instruments, or the curvature of the fingerboard
Camber may also refer to:
- Camber (band), an emo band from New York
- Camber (legendary king), legendary king of Cambria (Wales)
- Camber Corporation, a defense contractor in Huntsville, Alabama
- Camber, East Sussex, a seaside village including Camber Sands beach in England
- Camber, the former name of Mihai Bravu Commune, Tulcea County, Romania
- Camber of Culdi, a prominent character in the fictional series of Deryni novels
- The NATO reporting name for the Ilyushin Il-86 airliner
In aeronautics and aeronautical engineering, camber is the asymmetry between the top and the bottom surfaces of an aerofoil. An aerofoil that is not cambered is called a symmetrical aerofoil. The benefits of camber, in contrast to symmetrical aerofoils, were discovered and first utilized by Sir George Cayley in the early 19th century.
Camber was an American emo/ post-hardcore band from New York City, recognized for being one of the pioneer of the second-wave Eastern indie emo sound. They were often compared to likes of Texas Is the Reason, Sunny Day Real Estate and Mineral. Roger Coletti replaced original drummer Chris Chin in 2001, before their final release.
The camber is a measure of lateral main deck curvature in naval architecture. The curve is applied to a deck transversely, measured as the height of deck at centreline above the height of deck at side.
The practice of adding camber to a ship's deck originated in the era of small sailing ships. These vessels were built with the decks curving downwards at the sides in order to allow water that washed onto the deck to spill off. It adds to the ship's longitudinal strength also.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Camber \Cam"ber\, n. [Of. cambre bent, curved; akin to F. cambrer to vault, to bend, fr. L. camerare to arch over, fr. camera vault, arch. See Chamber, and cf. Camerate.]
(Shipbuilding) An upward convexity of a deck or other surface; as, she has a high camber (said of a vessel having an unusual convexity of deck).
(Arch.) An upward concavity in the under side of a beam, girder, or lintel; also, a slight upward concavity in a straight arch. See Hogback.
Camber arch (Arch.), an arch whose intrados, though apparently straight, has a slightly concave curve upward.
Camber beam (Arch.), a beam whose under side has a concave curve upward.
Camber \Cam"ber\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cambered; p. pr. & vb. n. Cambering.] To cut bend to an upward curve; to construct, as a deck, with an upward curve.
Camber \Cam"ber\, v. i. To curve upward.
n. 1 A slight convexity, arching or curvature of a surface of a road, a beam, roof deck, ship's deck etc., so that liquids will flow off the sides. 2 The slope of a curved road created to minimize the effect of centrifugal force. 3 (context architecture English) An upward concavity in the underside of a beam, girder, or lintel; also, a slight upward concavity in a straight arch. 4 (context automotive English) A vertical alignment of the wheels of a road vehicle with positive camber signifying that the wheels are closer together at the bottom than at the top. 5 The curvature of an airfoil. 6 (context nautical English) A small enclosed dock in which timber for masts (etc.) is kept to weather. vb. 1 To curve upwards in the middle. 2 To adjust the '''camber''' of the wheels of a vehicle.
n. a slight convexity (as of the surface of a road)
the alignment of the wheels of a motor vehicle closer together at the bottom than at the top
v. curve upward in the middle
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1610s, nautical term, from Old French cambre, chambre "bent," from Latin camurum (nominative camur) "crooked, arched;" related to camera.
Usage examples of "camber".
And today, as always, he raised defiant prayers to Camber of Culdi, whose lands these once had been, and who was and would remain a saint, so far as Queron Kinevan was concerned.
Fortunately, where Camber was concerned, God took that possibility out of their hands, by bodily assuming him into heaven.
They were the children of Saint Camber, and he had sworn to them, and he could not refuse anything they asked.
Dolban, and of Saint Camber himself, before draining the cup to its dregs.
Lady Elinor was previously married to one of the sons of the heretic Camber himself.
Queron recognized all the earmarks from his own experience with the Servants of Saint Camber and wondered whether Revan realized how powerful a charisma he possessed.
Both had later testified to their experience during the proceedings to canonize Camber, the king much against his will.
Anscom had agreed, and for many years remained the only one besides the immediate family to know that Alister Cullen was really Camber MacRorie.
Guaire of Arliss confided his most intimate experience of Camber to a zealous Gabrilite Healer-priest named Queron Kinevan.
Joram nor Camber dared defuse the allegations of sainthood with the truth without also giving away the impersonation.
She and Joram intended to try to reverse the spell that held Camber suspended in some twilight realm between life and death, and to have Queron attempt to Heal him before true death claimed him at last.
A wistful wondering whether something about Camber might not be supernatural after all.
Queron as well as Joram and Evaine, under circumstances that had nothing to do with the cult of Saint Camber now being so rigorously suppressed in the outside world.
Evaine asked, when they were safely back in the little study next door to the room where Camber lay.
They say he was a servant in the household of Rhys Thuryn and the daughter of Camber of Culdi.