Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Shear \Shear\ (sh[=e]r), v. t. [imp. Shearedor Shore;p. p. Sheared or Shorn; p. pr. & vb. n. Shearing.] [OE. sheren, scheren, to shear, cut, shave, AS. sceran, scieran, scyran; akin to D. & G. scheren, Icel. skera, Dan. ski?re, Gr. ???. Cf. Jeer, Score, Shard, Share, Sheer to turn aside.]
To cut, clip, or sever anything from with shears or a like instrument; as, to shear sheep; to shear cloth.
Note: It is especially applied to the cutting of wool from sheep or their skins, and the nap from cloth.
To separate or sever with shears or a similar instrument; to cut off; to clip (something) from a surface; as, to shear a fleece.
Before the golden tresses . . . were shorn away.
To reap, as grain. [Scot.]
Fig.: To deprive of property; to fleece.
(Mech.) To produce a change of shape in by a shear. See Shear, n., 4.
Shore \Shore\, n. A sewer. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
Shore \Shore\, n. [OE. schore; akin to LG. schore, D. schoor, OD. schoore, Icel. skor?a, and perhaps to E. shear, as being a piece cut off.] A prop, as a timber, placed as a brace or support against the side of a building or other structure; a prop placed beneath anything, as a beam, to prevent it from sinking or sagging.
Shore \Shore\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Shored; p. pr. & vb. n. Shoring.] [OE. schoren. See Shore a prop.] To support by a shore or shores; to prop; -- usually with up; as, to shore up a building.
Shore \Shore\, n. [OE. schore, AS. score, probably fr. scieran, and so meaning properly, that which is shorn off, edge; akin to OD. schoore, schoor. See Shear, v. t.] The coast or land adjacent to a large body of water, as an ocean, lake, or large river.
Lieutenant to the warlike Moor Othello,
Is come shore.
The fruitful shore of muddy Nile.
In shore, near the shore.
On shore. See under On.
Shore birds (Zo["o]l.), a collective name for the various limicoline birds found on the seashore.
Shore crab (Zo["o]l.), any crab found on the beaches, or between tides, especially any one of various species of grapsoid crabs, as Heterograpsus nudus of California.
Shore lark (Zo["o]l.), a small American lark ( Otocoris alpestris) found in winter, both on the seacoast and on the Western plains. Its upper parts are varied with dark brown and light brown. It has a yellow throat, yellow local streaks, a black crescent on its breast, a black streak below each eye, and two small black erectile ear tufts. Called also horned lark.
Shore plover (Zo["o]l.), a large-billed Australian plover ( Esacus magnirostris). It lives on the seashore, and feeds on crustaceans, etc.
Shore teetan (Zo["o]l.), the rock pipit ( Anthus obscurus). [Prov. Eng.]
imp. of Shear.
Shore \Shore\, v. t.
To set on shore. [Obs.]
A shore is the fringe of land at the edge of a large body of water.
Shore may also refer to:
- Shoring, supporting a structure in order to prevent collapse so that construction can proceed
- Shore durometer, the hardness of a material
- Jersey Shore, a region of the U.S. mid-Atlantic coast
- The Shore, a Ray Bradbury story
- The Shore (band), an American rock group founded in Silver Lake, California
- The Shore (film), a 2011 live-action short film
- Sydney Church of England Grammar School, also known as the Shore School
A shore or a shoreline is the fringe of land at the edge of a large body of water, such as an ocean, sea, or lake. In physical oceanography, a shore is the wider fringe that is geologically modified by the action of the body of water past and present, while the beach is at the edge of the shore, representing the intertidal zone where there is one. In contrast to a coast, a shore can border any body of water, while the coast must border an ocean; that is, a coast is a type of shore. The word shore is often substituted for coast where an oceanic shore is meant.
Shores are influenced by the topography of the surrounding landscape, as well as by water induced erosion, such as waves. The geological composition of rock and soil dictates the type of shore which is created.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
"land bordering a large body of water," c.1300, from an Old English word or from Middle Low German schor "shore, coast, headland," or Middle Dutch scorre "land washed by the sea," all probably from Proto-Germanic *skur-o- "cut," from PIE *(s)ker- (1) "to cut" (see shear (v.)).\n
\nAccording to etymologists originally with a sense of "division" between land and water. But if the word began on the North Sea coast of the continent, it might as well have meant originally "land 'cut off' from the mainland by tidal marshes" (compare Old Norse skerg "an isolated rock in the sea," related to sker "to cut, shear"). Old English words for "coast, shore" were strand (n.), waroþ, ofer. Few Indo-European languages have such a single comprehensive word for "land bordering water" (Homer uses one word for sandy beaches, another for rocky headlands). General application to "country near a seacoast" is attested from 1610s.
mid-14c., "to prop, support with a prop;" of obscure etymology though widespread in Germanic (Middle Dutch schooren "to prop up, support," Old Norse skorða (n.) "a piece of timber set up as a support"). Related: Shored; shoring. Also as a noun, "post or beam for temporary support of something" (mid-15c.), especially an oblique timber to brace the side of a building or excavation.
Etymology 1 n. Land adjoining a non-flowing body of water, such as an ocean, lake or pond. vb. (context obsolete English) To set on shore. Etymology 2
n. A prop or strut supporting the weight or flooring above it. vb. 1 (context transitive without ''up'' English) To provide with support. 2 (context usually with ''up'' English) To reinforce (something at risk of failure). Etymology 3
vb. (en-simple pastshear) Etymology 4
n. (context obsolete UK dialect English) A sewer.
n. the land along the edge of a body of water
a beam or timber that is propped against a structure to provide support [syn: shoring]
Usage examples of "shore".
Munday the 25 being Christmas day, we began to drinke water aboord, but at night, the Master caused vs to have some Beere, and so on board we had diverse times now and then some Beere, but on shore none at all.
Each chain over a shore span consists of two segments, the longer attached to the tie at the top of the river tower, the shorter to the link at the top of the abutment tower, and the two jointed together at the lowest point.
Two main towers in the river and two towers on the shore abutments carry the suspension chains.
He nodded toward the hills above the Achor Marshes on the shores of the sea of Gerizim.
I lost my trouble and my time, for I did not become acquainted with the shore till the octave of Christmas, and with the small door six months afterwards.
The aerogram also gave the positions of the lighters loaded with ammunition which he had deposited round the English shores in anticipation of its arrival.
On that inhospitable shore, Euripides, embellishing with exquisite art the tales of antiquity, has placed the scene of one of his most affecting tragedies.
Frido and I went farther afield, now on horseback, and now along the shores of the Amber Coast.
There were no shore power cables on the ship but a heavy gantry with thick cables had been retracted aft near the rudder.
Ibrahim wrested Syria from the Porte, and the Ottoman empire was tottering to its fall, unless the European states should interfere to prevent it, or Russia should realize her long-cherished schemes of aggrandizement by taking the shores of the Bosphorus, which the Sultan was not able to defend, under her own protection.
Today we remember the Lord of the Wind and how his magic aided us all, both you of Alata and we Romans shipwrecked upon your shores.
And when you gain the distant shore of Alba, give it to Drustan mab Necthana, that he might know from whence it came.
The sun was nearing the western horizon when Alec and Seregil rode up the lake shore to the town walls.
Coming on deck just after dawn, Alec saw towering grey cliffs off the port bow and a cluster of islands lying close to shore ahead of them.
Our Pinnaces manned, and comming to the shore, we marched vp alongst the riuer side, to see vvhat place the enemie held there: for none amongst vs had any knowledge thereof at all.