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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Urus \U"rus\, n. [L.; of Teutonic origin. See Aurochs.] (Zo["o]l.) A very large, powerful, and savage extinct bovine animal ( Bos urus or Bos primigenius) anciently abundant in Europe. It appears to have still existed in the time of Julius C[ae]sar. It had very large horns, and was hardly capable of domestication. Called also, ur, ure, and tur.


contraction (label en informal Internet text messaging) you're, you are interj. Expressing hesitation or inarticulacy; er, um. pron. (context informal Internet text messaging English) your


UR, Ur or ur may refer to:

Ur (rune)

The reconstructed Proto-Germanic name of the Elder Futharku rune is *Ūruz meaning " wild ox" or *Ūrą "water". It may have been derived from the Raetic alphabet character u as it is similar in both shape and sound value. The name of the corresponding letter in the Gothic alphabet is urus.


Úr is the Irish name of the eighteenth letter of the Ogham alphabet, ᚒ, meaning " clay", " earth", " soil". In Old Irish, the letter name was also written Úir. Its phonetic value is [u] or [u:].

Category:Ogham letters

Ur (root)

Ur is the Basque word for ' water'.

This root may be found in many place names and some derivates as:

  • uharre / ugarre 'torrent'
  • uhaitz / ugaitz 'torrential river' (French gave).
  • urtz- ◂ Ourse > Ousse, Urtzaran, Ossau Valley < valis ursaliensis (1127), Oursbelille
UR (My Love)

"UR (My Love)" (full title: You Are (My Love)) is the second single of the female Belgian dance singer Kate Ryan and was released on October 15th 2001 in Belgium (peaking at #17 after a few weeks), in 2002 in some other countries too, but with less success.

In the U.S., the single was released in 2002 with " Désenchantée" as a double-A-single.

Ur (continent)

Ur is a proposed supercontinent that formed in the Archean (3 billion).

In Roger's reconstruction Ur is half a billion years older than Arctica and, in the early period of its existence, it was probably the only continent on Earth, and as such can be considered a supercontinent, though it was probably smaller than present-day Australia. In more recent works geologists often refer to both Ur and other proposed Archaean continental assemblages as supercratons. Ur can, nevertheless, be half a billion years younger than Vaalbara, but the concepts of these two early cratonic assemblages are incompatible.

Ur (novella)

Ur is a novella by Stephen King. It was written exclusively for the Amazon Kindle platform, and became available for download on February 12, 2009. An audiobook edition was released on February 16, 2010 by Simon & Schuster Audio, read by Holter Graham. Ur was collected in King's 2015 collection The Bazaar of Bad Dreams, heavily revised.

Ur (programming language)

Ur also called Ur/Web is an open source functional programming language specific for web development, created by Adam Chlipala at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology that from a single program produces server code, browser client code and SQL code specific for the chosen database backend.

Ur supports a powerful kind of metaprogramming based on row types.

Ur/Web is Ur plus a special standard library and associated rules for parsing and optimization. Ur/Web supports construction of dynamic web applications backed by SQL databases. The signature of the standard library is such that well-typed Ur/Web programs "don't go wrong" in a very broad sense. Not only do they not crash during particular page generations, but they also may not:

  • Suffer from any kinds of code injection attacks
  • Return invalid HTML
  • Contain dead intra-application links
  • Have mismatches between HTML forms and the fields expected by their handlers
  • Include client-side code that makes incorrect assumptions about the " AJAX"-style services that the remote web server provides
  • Attempt invalid SQL queries
  • Use improper marshaling or unmarshaling in communication with SQL databases or between browsers and web servers

This type safety is just the foundation of the Ur/Web methodology. It is also possible to use metaprogramming to build significant application pieces by analysis of type structure.

The Ur/Web compiler also produces very efficient object code that does not use garbage collection.

The implementation of all this is open source.

SQL syntax templates embedded in the language facilitate the handling of tables.

Although the syntax is based on Standard ML the language includes concepts from Haskell with additional type manipulation.

Ajax call/response is serialized through a monad called transaction (corresponds to Haskell's IO) and its marshalling and decoding is encapsulated in the rpc function.

The browser client side includes functional reactive programming facilities using the (source a) type and a signal monad.

Ur (cuneiform)

The cuneiform sign ur, is a common-use sign in the Epic of Gilgamesh, the Amarna letters, and other cuneiform texts. It has multiple sub-uses in the Epic of Gilgamesh, as well as use for the sumerogram (capital letter ( majuscule)), UR. In the Epic, UR is used to spell Akkadian languagebarbaru, "wolf", as ''UR.BAR.RA (in Tablet VI, and Tablet XI).

Cuneiform ur is a syllabic for "ur", and an alphabetic for "u", or "r". In the Amarna letters, usage is sumerogrammic for English language "dog", spelled either UR.KI, or UR.KU, but the 'dog' reference can be found in many Amarna letters.

The cuneiform ur cuneiform character (no. 575) is built in a 'rectangular box form', sitting upon a long horizontal stroke. It contains the 2-verticals at left and 1-vertical at right. Three other signs are similarly built, but contain 1-vertical at left, with 2-verticals at right for lu (cuneiform) (with 3-short horizontals in the center, no. 537), and the same but only 1-short horizontal at center, ib (cuneiform)(also ip, no. 535). The third similar sign, (no. 536) has 1-vertical left and right, ku (cuneiform). It also has 3-short verticals in the center, but is often such a compressed cuneiform character that individual strokes are overwritten, and difficult to identify.

Usage examples of "ur".

Urim and Thummim were given to Joseph Smith to help him decipher the hieratic writing, one assumes these magical jewels might have been supposed to aid something like clear vision and increased understanding.

Am Schiusse der Lokalerhebungen und als die Leiche eben zUR Obduktion fortgebracht werden sollte, fiel es dem UR.

Then, with the others at his heels, his long, white feather nodding bravely above his noble head, and the shaggy pelt of Ur, the cave bear, falling from his shoulders, Nu, the chief, slunk silently out of the jungle toward the village of the excited Boat Builders.

Akkadians, ever since Ahzimandias, the Spear of Shamash, led his people out of the deserts of the Umaiyyat to reclaim the rights of the long-fallen House of Ur.

Through Urs Tinner, however, we knew that he had collected a warehouse or two of centrifuge parts.

The fall of the Akkadians and the subsequent reemergence of Sumer under the king of Ur, who defeated the Guti, ushered in the third phase of Sumerian history.

Be witness that mighty oath of the Colchians by which thou urgest me to swear, the great Heaven, and Earth beneath, mother of the gods, that as far as strength lies in me, never shalt thou fail of help, if only thy prayers can be accomplished.

There are few tongues older than that which is spoken among the scions of the House of Ur, whose hero Ahzimandias led his people out of exile in the desert to reconquer their ancestral lands.

Ur-Nammu, ruler of Ur, depicted in an earlier millennium how his god, ordering him to build for him a temple and giving him the pertinent instructions, handed him the measUring rod and rolled string for the job.

Even the hoon and urs arrived too late to know them at their prime, when glavers were said to have been mighty intellects, with a talent for deep race memory.

While some believe it is just a temporary withdrawal from reality after too long in UR, others suggest it stems from a chemical imbalance in the brain, and liken it to the so called sleeping sickness prevalent over a centURy ago.

He knelt down to find Urim and Thummim and put them back in the pouch.

And Nehemiah and Attharias told them not to share in the holy things until a high priest should appear wearing Urim and Thummim.

Still, she's urrish, and there's a limit to how much of a humicker any urs can be, before planting four feet and saying whoa.

I guess you could say an urs sort of looks like one of those fabled creatures-if you'd just been conked on the head by a brick and can't see or think too well from the pain.