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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
diminutive suffix
▪ And once again we have to add another suffix -yi to the verb to indicate the switch.
▪ Not all collections of numbers or functions labelled with suffixes necessarily form tensors.
▪ So the -tu suffix is added to the man.
▪ The committee said as many as 28 organizations worldwide would be selected by lottery to register addresses with the new suffixes.
▪ The difference is that concord particles precede the verb, whereas-5 is an inflectional suffix on the verb.
▪ The discovery of sign suffix effects is a further part of the jigsaw of sign processing effects.
▪ The word is usefully, with the suffix -ly in a different colour.
▪ These include code reduction functions, prefix and suffix operations, scatter operations and data sorting.
▪ Yiddish characteristically uses a suffix that connotes endearment and familiarity.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Suffix \Suf*fix"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Suffixed; p. pr. & vb. n. Suffixing.] To add or annex to the end, as a letter or syllable to a word; to append.


Suffix \Suf"fix\, n. [L. suffixus, p. p. of suffigere to fasten on, to affix; sub under + figere to fix: cf. F. suffixe. See Fix.]

  1. A letter, letters, syllable, or syllables added or appended to the end of a word or a root to modify the meaning; a postfix.

  2. (Math.) A subscript mark, number, or letter. See Subscript, a.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1778, from Modern Latin suffixum, noun use of neuter of Latin suffixus "fastened," past participle of suffigere "fasten, fix on, fasten below," from sub "upon" (see sub-) + figere "fasten" (see fix (v.)). Related: Suffixal.


in the grammatical sense, 1778, from suffix (n.). Earlier "to put or place under" (c.1600). Related: Suffixed; suffixing.


n. 1 One or more letters or sounds added at the end of a word to modify the word's meaning. 2 (context mathematics English) A subscript. vb. (context transitive English) To append (something) to the end of something else.


v. attach a suffix to; "suffix words" [ant: prefix]


n. an affix that is added at the end of the word [syn: postfix]

Suffix (disambiguation)

A suffix is part of a word; an affix that follows the morphemes to which it can attach.

Suffix may also refer to:

  • Suffix (name), the style at the end of a person's name which gives additional identifying information about the person
  • Suffix (computer science), the last part of a string of characters
  • Suffix notation, a notation for manipulating vector quantities, also known as index notation
  • Suffix array, an array of integers giving the starting positions of suffixes of a string in lexicographical order
  • Suffix tree, a data structure that presents the suffixes of a given string in a way that allows for a particularly fast implementation of many important string operations
Suffix (name)

A name suffix, in the Western English-language naming tradition, follows a person's full name and provides additional information about the person. Post-nominal letters indicate that the individual holds a position, educational degree, accreditation, office, or honor (e.g. "PhD", "CCNA", "OBE"). Other examples include generational designations like "Jr." (or often "Jnr" in British English) and "III", and legal ones such as "Estate" and ( French) .


In linguistics, a suffix (also sometimes termed postfix or ending) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word. Common examples are case endings, which indicate the grammatical case of nouns or adjectives, and verb endings, which form the conjugation of verbs. Particularly in the study of Semitic languages, a suffix is called an afformative, as they can alter the form of the words. In Indo-European studies, a distinction is made between suffixes and endings (see Proto-Indo-European root). A word-final segment that is somewhere between a free morpheme and a bound morpheme is known as a suffixoid or a semi-suffix (e.g. English -like or German -freundlich 'friendly').

Suffixes can carry grammatical information ( inflectional suffixes) or lexical information ( derivational/lexical suffixes). An inflectional suffix is sometimes called a desinence or a grammatical suffix.

Some examples in European languages:

Girls, where the suffix -s marks the plural. He makes, where suffix -s marks the third person singular present tense. It closed, where the suffix -ed marks the past tense. De beaux jours, where the suffix -x marks the plural. Elle est passablement jolie, where the suffix -e marks the feminine form of the adjective.

Many synthetic languages— Czech, German, Finnish, Latin, Hungarian, Russian, Turkish, etc.—use a large number of endings.

Suffixes used in English frequently have Greek, French, or Latin origins.

Inflection changes the grammatical properties of a word within its syntactic category. In the example:

I was hoping the cloth wouldn't fade, but it has faded quite a bit.

the suffix -ed inflects the root-word fade to indicate past tense.

Inflectional suffixes do not change the word class of the word after inflection. Inflectional suffixes in modern English include:

  • -s third person singular present
  • -ed past tense
  • -t past tense
  • -ing progressive/continuous
  • -en past participle
  • -s plural
  • -en plural (irregular)
  • -er comparative
  • -est superlative
  • -n't negative

Derivational suffixes can be divided into two categories, namely class-changing derivation and class-maintaining derivation. Derivational suffixes in modern English include:

  • -ise/-ize (usually changes nouns into verbs)
  • -fy (usually changes nouns into verbs)
  • -ly (usually changes adjectives into adverbs)
  • -ful (usually changes nouns into adjectives)
  • -able/-ible (usually changes verbs into adjectives)
  • -hood (usually class-maintaining, with the word class remaining a noun)
  • -ess (usually class-maintaining, with the word class remaining a noun)
  • -ness (usually changes adjectives into nouns)
  • -less (usually changes nouns into adjectives)
  • -ism (usually class-maintaining, with the word class remaining a noun)
  • -ment (usually changes verbs into nouns)
  • -ist (usually class-maintaining, with the word class remaining a noun)
  • -al (usually changes nouns into adjectives)
  • -ish (usually changes nouns into adjectives/ class-maintaining, with the word class remaining an adjective)
  • -tion (usually changes verbs into noun)
  • -logy/-ology (usually class-maintaining, with the word class remaining a noun)

Usage examples of "suffix".

He tried to look like a real professor, bustling along in strict devotion to paragraphing and suffixes, but he could not help peering hungrily at the yellow wooden Ionic of Lambda House.

SUFFIXES All nouns, wheter Simple, Compound or Complex, may be followed by one or more SUFFIXES.

Finally, there are certain nouns that are already plural in nature, and therefore never require a suffix.

As with Klingon nouns, Klingonaase verbs may take suffixes falling into a number of types based on their relative positions following the verb.

Thus, if verb suffix classes are denoted by numbers in the same fashion as for nouns, the structure of a Klingon verb is as follows: PREFIX-VERB-1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9 Each Klingon verb begins with a single prefix that indicates who or what is performing the action described by the verb, and, when applicable, who or what is the recipient of that action.

This is the suffix that turns verbs into nouns, as described in PART 4: NOUNS.

Alastair, a Craig, a Timothy, and a Graham, three with hyphenated surnames, the fourth with a III suffix.

When a nominative immediately follows the verb, the pronominal suffix is generally dropped, unless required by euphony.

PRONOUNS In addition to the possessive noun suffixes and the pronominal suffixes for verbs, there are nine pronouns which are individual words.

Placement of subjects and objects seemed to depend upon poetic requirements of scansion and meter, with suffixes to differentiate among the cases.

Carialle said, monitoring as the IT program recorded the correct uses of the verb, and postulated forms and suffixes for other verbs in its file, shuffling the onomatopoeic transliterations down like cards.

Once he had swallowed a good portion of the English vocabulary, he began to taste the familiar ingredients, the Greek seasoning in the roots, prefixes, and suffixes.

Alastair, a Craig, a Timothy, and a Graham, three with hyphenated surnames, the fourth with a III suffix.

The assumption that the ending -va appears in the variant form -wa after consonants is supported by this fact: The suffix -va is in origin a mere adjectival ending, found in some common adjectives as well, and in such cases it is seen to appear as -wa following a consonant e.

He created the word bionics as a combination of the Greek bios, meaning life, and the suffix ics, meaning after the manner of, or resembling.