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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
scabies
noun
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Her aunt said the child had poured hot water over herself to relieve terrible itching caused by scabies.
▪ If a further infection occurs in some one who has already suffered from scabies, the course of events may be very different.
▪ In a medical centre they found dreadful cases of malnutrition, scabies and diarrhoea.
▪ It is not for nothing that scabies is commonly known as the itch.
▪ Prolonged contact with some one who has scabies is the most likely method of transmission.
▪ She would even bring street urchins into the presidential palace to bathe them and treat their scabies and give them a meal.
▪ Skin diseases, such as impetigo or scabies, are transmitted by direct contact.
▪ The average number of mites found in a case of scabies is about ten.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
scabies

Itch \Itch\, n.

  1. (Med.) An eruption of small, isolated, acuminated vesicles, produced by the entrance of a parasitic mite (the Sarcoptes scabei), and attended with itching. It is transmissible by contact.

  2. Any itching eruption.

  3. A sensation in the skin occasioned (or resembling that occasioned) by the itch eruption; -- called also scabies, psora, etc.

  4. A constant irritating desire.

    An itch of being thought a divine king.
    --Dryden.

    Baker's itch. See under Baker.

    Barber's itch, sycosis.

    Bricklayer's itch, an eczema of the hands attended with much itching, occurring among bricklayers.

    Grocer's itch, an itching eruption, being a variety of eczema, produced by the sugar mite ( Tyrogluphus sacchari).

    Itch insect (Zo["o]l.), a small parasitic mite ( Sarcoptes scabei) which burrows and breeds beneath the human skin, thus causing the disease known as the itch. See Illust. in Append.

    Itch mite. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Itch insect, above. Also, other similar mites affecting the lower animals, as the horse and ox.

    Sugar baker's itch, a variety of eczema, due to the action of sugar upon the skin.

    Washerwoman's itch, eczema of the hands and arms, occurring among washerwomen.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
scabies

skin disease, "the itch," c.1400, from Latin scabies "mange, itch, roughness," from scabere "to scratch, scrape," from PIE root *(s)kep-, a base forming words meaning "to cut, scrape, hack" (cognates: Gothic scaban, Old English sceafan "to scrape, shave;" Greek skaptein "to dig;" "Old Church Slavonic skobli "scraper;" Lithuanian skabus "sharp," skabeti "to cut;" Lettish skabrs "splintery, sharp"). Related: Scabious.

Wiktionary
scabies

n. (context pathology English) An infestation of parasitic mites, (taxlink Sarcoptes scabiei species noshow=1), causing intense itching caused by the mites burrowing into the skin of humans and other animals. It is easily transmissible from human to human; secondary skin infection may occur.

WordNet
scabies

n. a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation; "he has a bad case of the itch" [syn: itch]

Wikipedia
Scabies

Scabies, known as the seven-year itch, is a contagious skin infestation by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. The most common symptoms are severe itchiness and a pimple-like rash. Occasionally tiny burrows may be seen in the skin. When first infected, usually two to six weeks are required before symptoms occur. If a person develops a second infection later in life, symptoms may begin within a day. These symptoms can be present across most of the body or just certain areas such as the wrists, between fingers, or along the waistline. The head may be affected, but this is typically only in young children. The itch is often worse at night. Scratching may cause skin breakdown and an additional bacterial infection of the skin.

Scabies is caused by infection with the female mite Sarcoptes scabiei. The mites burrow into the skin to live and deposit eggs. The symptoms of scabies are due to an allergic reaction to the mites. Often only between ten and fifteen mites are involved in an infection. Scabies is most often spread during a relatively long period of direct skin contact with an infected person such as that which may occur during sex. Spread of disease may occur even if the person has not developed symptoms yet. Crowded living conditions such as those found in child care facilities, group homes, and prisons increase the risk of spread. Areas with a lack of access to water also have higher rates of disease. Crusted scabies is a more severe form of the disease. It typically only occurs in those with a poor immune system and people may have millions of mites, making them much more contagious. In these cases spread of infection may occur during brief contact or via contaminated objects. The mite is very small and usually not directly visible. Diagnosis is based on the signs and symptoms.

A number of medications are available to treat those infected, including permethrin, crotamiton and lindane creams and ivermectin pills. Sexual contacts within the last month and people who live in the same house should also be treated at the same time. Bedding and clothing used in the last three days should be washed in hot water and dried in a hot dryer. As the mite does not live for more than three days away from human skin more washing is not needed. Symptoms may continue for two to four weeks following treatment. If after this time there continue to be symptoms retreatment may be needed.

Scabies is one of the three most common skin disorders in children, along with ringworm and bacterial skin infections. As of 2010 it affects approximately 100 million people (1.5% of the world population) and is equally common in both sexes. The young and the old are more commonly affected. It also occurs more commonly in the developing world and tropical climates. The word scabies is from , "to scratch". Other animals do not spread human scabies. Infection in other animals is typically caused by slightly different but related mites and is known as sarcoptic mange.

Usage examples of "scabies".

No one ever discovers they were an illiterate peasant who died of scabies and was buried in a bog.

Also called seven-year itch or mange, scabies can spread with great ease from person to person.

Because it takes from six weeks to several months to develop a sensitivity to scabies the first time you get them, you can be spreading them unknowingly for quite a while.

Because cortisone ointments are now available, many cases of scabies go undiagnosed.

Part of the treatment consists of frequent hot baths or showers - which will kill scabies crawling on the surface of the skin.

I then arranged to treat a needy family on an urgent basis, which, as events would have it, involved nothing more than a case of childhood scabies and pinkeye.

Sheep have to be dipped annually for scabies by law, but the stuff the Ministry give you to dip them in can really poison you if you so much as breathe the fumes in.

If they are not hampered by rickets or deformities, or impetigo, scabies or vermin, then their faces are tied up on account of nerve aches, carbuncles, boils, and abscesses.

Some dots, some scabs had to be made on their faces, so they would appear to have scabies, enough to make them unattractive.

It is painful to see the prevalence of such repulsive maladies as scabies, scald-head, ringworm, sore eyes, and unwholesome-looking eruptions, and fully 30 per cent of the village people are badly seamed with smallpox.

Impetigo, scabies and the itch are too prevalent among them to be remarked upon and their feet start early to decompose between the toes.

For herself, she came clean, arrived in Paris with, nothing worse than scabies, malnutrition and ringworm about her person.

Most of them suffered from scabies and malnutrition, and four had severe cases of tuberculosis.

Bishop of Cambray, with an attack of literary scabies, looking for a young religieux who could correct his manuscript.

Three of the ladies made it through the first ward, with its cases of scrofula, scabies, eczema, defluxions, and stinking pyemia, before deciding that their charitable inclinations could be entirely satisfied by a donation to L'Hôpital, and fleeing back to the dispensary to shed the rough hopsacking gowns with which we had been furnished.