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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ A samurai was publicly marked out from the rest of society by his appearance and his bearing of two swords.
▪ He guards both wife and daughter like a samurai.
▪ In the end there were not many things worth wanting for the serious man, the samurai.
▪ Nobles, like samurai, were forbidden to trade: they therefore employed nominees.
▪ The disproportionate population of samurai attracted vast numbers of retailers, craftsmen and servants to service the large and wealthy consumer market.
▪ The workpeople were their serfs, and the foremen, managers and engineers were the modern samurai.
▪ There were few outward signs, however, that the samurai was ready to sheath his sword.
▪ This short, steel, truncheon-like weapon was capable of meeting a full-blown attack from a sword-wielding samurai.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Shizoku \Shi*zo"ku\, n. sing. & pl. [Jap. shi-zoku, fr. Chin. ch' (chi) branch, posterity + tsu kindered, class.] The Japanese warrior gentry or middle class, formerly called samurai; also, any member of this class.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1727, from Japanese samurai "warrior, knight," originally the military retainer of the daimio, variant of saburai, nominal form of sabura(h)u "to be in attendance, to serve."


n. In feudal Japan, a soldier of noble birth who followed the code of bushido and served a daimyo.

  1. n. a Japanese warrior who was a member of the feudal military aristocracy

  2. feudal Japanese military aristocracy


were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.

In Japanese, they are usually referred to as or . According to translator William Scott Wilson: "In Chinese, the character 侍 was originally a verb meaning "to wait upon" or "accompany persons" in the upper ranks of society, and this is also true of the original term in Japanese, saburau. In both countries the terms were nominalized to mean "those who serve in close attendance to the nobility", the pronunciation in Japanese changing to saburai. According to Wilson, an early reference to the word "samurai" appears in the Kokin Wakashū (905–914), the first imperial anthology of poems, completed in the first part of the 10th century.

By the end of the 12th century, samurai became almost entirely synonymous with bushi, and the word was closely associated with the middle and upper echelons of the warrior class. The samurai were usually associated with a clan and their lord, were trained as officers in military tactics and grand strategy, and they followed a set of rules that later came to be known as the bushidō. While the samurai numbered less than 10% of then Japan's population, their teachings can still be found today in both everyday life and in modern Japanese martial arts.

Samurai (board game)

Samurai is a German-style board game invented by Reiner Knizia, distributed by Hans im Glück in Germany and Fantasy Flight in the United States. It won the Deutscher Spiele Preis 4th place award in 1999. A shareware computer version was published by Klear Games in 2003, and an iOS version was published by Conlan Rios Games in 2010.

Samurai (Matti Nykänen album)

Samurai is the second album by Matti Nykänen. It was released in 1993.

Samurai (Super Friends)

Samurai is an Asian superhero in the Super Friends animated television series. His real name is Toshio Eto, and he is of Japanese descent. He was one of the later additions to the team along with other ethnically diverse heroes in an effort for the show to promote cultural diversity. His voice actor is Jack Angel. In addition to being a prominent figure in several other animated shows, Angel also did the voice for The Flash and Hawkman.

Samurai appears in The All-New Super Friends Hour, Challenge of the Super Friends, Super Friends (1980), Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show, and The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. Besides being inserted to create diversity, Samurai, in a sense, took the place of Red Tornado with whom he shares similar wind-based abilities. After sporadic guest appearances, Samurai grew into a prominent team member in the series' later seasons.

Samurai appeared in the DC Comics Mini Series Super Powers. He also had an action figure in the Super Powers Collection line produced by Kenner. A character resembling Samurai appeared in a double page spread in the Infinite Crisis hard cover trade collection. The actual Samurai made his first appearance in the comics several years later during the Brightest Day event.

Samurai (video game)

Samurai is the 45th official video game for the Philips Videopac. in North America, the same game as released as Dynasty! for the Magnavox Odyssey² console.

The game is identical to the game Reversi. It also contains two player mode, gameplay against the computer, as well as a digital timing handicap which allows newcomers to have a better chance in beating grandmaster players in the game. Similar to other Videopac games, the game did not compare favorably to those for Atari's consoles.

Samurai (Dungeons & Dragons)

The samurai is a playable character class in the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game.

Samurai (ride)

Samurai is a flat ride at Thorpe Park in the United Kingdom. It was originally installed at nearby Chessington World of Adventures. The song played on the ride is "Burly Brawl", from the soundtrack of The Matrix Reloaded.

Samurai (disambiguation)

A samurai is a member of the Japanese warrior caste.

Samurai may also refer to:

  • Samurai!, a 1957 book by Martin Caidin, based on the life and career of Saburō Sakai
  • Samurai (Super Friends), a superhero on the Superfriends cartoon
  • Samurai (board game), a German-style board game
  • Samurai (Videopac game), a 1979 videogame for the Magnavox Odyssey
  • Samurai (Dungeons & Dragons), a character class in the roleplaying game
  • Samurai Champloo, series of manga and anime
  • Samurai (Cyberpunk 2020), a fictional band in Cyberpunk 2020
  • Samurai (Die Apokalyptischen Reiter album), a heavy metal album released 2004
  • Samurai Jack, series americanime
  • Samurai (Matti Nykänen album), an album by Matti Nykänen, released 1993
  • Samurai Pizza Cats, series of manga and anime
  • Samurai (1945 film) starring Paul Fung
  • Le Samouraï (The Samurai), a 1967 French film
  • The Samurai (TV series), a Japanese TV series of the 1960s
  • Samurai Trilogy, a film trilogy starring Toshirō Mifune as Miyamoto Musashi
  • Samurai (2002 film), a 2002 Tamil-language film
  • Samurai (2010 film), a TV documentary
  • The Samurai (film), a 2013 film
  • Silver Samurai, character from Marvel Comics
  • Suzuki Samurai, a small SUV
  • Samurai bond, a Japanese Yen-denominated bond issued by a foreign entity
  • The Last Samurai, film released in 2003
  • The Samurai (novel), a 1980 novel by Shusaku Endo
  • Samurai (ride), a ride at Thorpe Park and Lagoon Amusement Park
  • Samurai, an energy drink in the Philippines and Vietnam, see List of Coca-Cola brands
  • "Samurai" (song), a 1985 song by Michael Cretu
  • Samurai (Dschinghis Khan song)
  • Samurai Shodown, name of a fighting game series by SNK Playmore
  • Samurai Troopers, series of manga and anime
  • Samurai X, series of manga and anime
  • Power Rangers Samurai, the 18th series of the Power Rangers trilogy. Adapted from Samurai Sentai Shinkenger

Samurai may also be used for:

  • "Samurai Blue", the nickname of the Japan national football team
  • Samurai, the nickname of the Japanese national Australian rules football team
  • "Samurai", an episode of Power Rangers: SPD
  • Samurai, an IRC client by Ninjaforce
  • Samurai, a wargame by Avalon Hill

SAMURAI refers to:

  • SAMURAI, an EU- Surveillance program (Suspicious and abnormal Behaviour monitoring using a network of cameras and sensor for situation awareness enhancement), similar to INDECT
Samurai (2002 film)

Samurai is a 2002 Tamil language film directed by Balaji Sakthivel and produced by S. Sriram. The film featured Vikram in the title role, while Anita Hassanandani, Jaya Seal and Nassar played supporting roles. Harris Jayaraj scored the film's music, while Sethu Sriram handled cinematography. Originally launched in 2000, the film went through production delays and was only released in July 2002, when it opened to mixed reviews and an average response at the box office.

Samurai (Die Apokalyptischen Reiter album)

Samurai is the fifth studio album by Die Apokalyptischen Reiter. The release had two versions, the international version, and the U.S. version which had the band name changed to " The Apocalyptic Riders" and has a slightly different cover with a different track listing as well. It was also released as a box set, limited to 1000 copies, which contained the CD, a patch, a flag and a DVD with four video clips, band documentary and a hidden track.

Samurai (song)

Samurai is a 1985 song by Michael Cretu.

Samurai (2010 film)

Samurai is a TV documentary first aired on the History Channel on March 16, 2010.

The documentary follows Mark Dacascos as he travels throughout Japan, exploring the history or story of the famous Japanese samurai Miyamoto Musashi and trains in the weaponry and wisdom of Japan's great warriors. Set to the action-packed, battle-scarred backdrop of Japan's warrior tradition, this feature-length special takes viewers on an immersive journey through historic Japan in the footsteps of Musashi. As Mark learns about ancient Samurai culture, the action is brought vividly to life in a dynamic and innovative way through cutting-edge animation.

Usage examples of "samurai".

His steps were long, aggressive, permitting no possibility of pause or retreat, the steps that were habitually his before he took the two hundred fifty vows of monkhood, when he was the samurai Tanaka Hidetada, commander of cavalry, sworn vassal in life and in death of Okumichi no kami Kiyori, the late Great Lord of Akaoka.

We should have legends of the various clans, picturizations of the code of the Samurai.

On the other hand, they had a large force, and it would give them joy as a samurai to fight their way through, routing the enemy with a quick victory.

A few years ago the growing shishi movement had formed themselves into small, secret cells, committing themselves to rediscover bushido-- ancient samurai practices of self-discipline, duty, honor, death, swordsmanship and other warlike pursuits, arts long since lost--except for a few Sensei who had kept bushido alive.

Katsumata was one of the few clandestine shishi who was hatomoto--an honored retainer with instant access to his lord--a senior samurai with a personal yearly stipend of a thousand koku.

Behind Hiraga, five of his friends were duelling with the other four samurai, one shishi was already dead, one helpless on the ground mortally wounded and another, screaming with bloodlust, misjudging his adversary, slipped on the body of a sobbing bearer, and took a terrible cut in his side.

The Satsuma sword master, Katsumata, the secret shishi, supported by a hundred mounted samurai, was leading the fight to protect the escape of Lord Sanjiro and their main Satsuma force a few miles southwards.

Satsuma samurai allows his daughter to be betrothed to a Choshu samurai--whether shishi or not, ronin or not?

Ever since he had escaped the trap in the village he had been frantically trying to devise a way to negate the inevitable results of the riot, and of being seen--the samurai officer would surely realize a shishi was loose in the Settlement.

Both shishi leapt to the attack but neither could break out of the net and though they fought bravely, wounding three of the samurai, they were no match for the others who, though wanting to disarm them and capture them alive, could not do so.

More samurai were drawn away from the hedge immediately in front of Saigo and just before the samurai overwhelmed the two fighters, in a coordinated maneuver the two shishi broke off the battle and pretended to flee pell-mell for the fence near the kitchens, well away from Saigo and the three final teams.

For an instant there was a stunned silence-- samurai, shishi, and all nearby slum dwellers equally shocked--the sound of rapid firing unheard of.

In the raging confusion, they were surprised to see a shishi dart through the cordon and run up the alley, escaping into a side alley obscured from attacking Choshu samurai.

There, out of their sight, five shishi were already dead in the dirt together with eight Ogama samurai, and six wounded.

Another battle between three shishi and ten Ogama samurai was drawing to its inevitable conclusion.