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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a holiday romance (=a brief romantic relationship with someone you meet on holiday)
▪ It was just a holiday romance; I never saw him again.
Romance language
▪ He added two further novels of historical romance to his published output before 1900.
▪ Although his stories are actually more historical adventure than romance, later romance authors owe him a great debt.
▪ Once across the threshold a change came over me, which was the stuff of true romance.
▪ Like most romance fiction, Medical Romances incorporate a number of standard romance conventions.
▪ As romance fiction blossomed, a number of organizations and publications developed to serve it.
▪ Reviews, lists, and bibliographies are other sources of romance fiction information for the librarian.
▪ All it is is a harmless holiday romance.
▪ They want photo stories, tales of holiday romances, horoscopes and advice columns as well as free gifts of make-up and jewellery.
▪ Ships in the night, holiday romance etcetera, he would have sensibly suggested, and of course he would have been right.
▪ It was just a holiday romance really; he never knew about you, you know, never had any idea.
▪ You won't be the first or last man or woman who gets themself involved in a holiday romance.
▪ The pleasures of the romance novel are not dissimilar from those of the chocolate bar; naughty but nice.
▪ Daniels, Dorothy Has produced approximately 150 romance novels, mostly of the gothic variety.
▪ Leave it to the intellectuals to deride romance novels.
▪ Their marriage has been the kind you read about in romance novels.
▪ As for the staying power of the romance novel in the 21st century, history may well be on its side.
▪ Persistent, pervasive, and omnipresent, romance novels are everywhere.
▪ Wind from the south always boded evil in the old romance novels.
▪ Romance readers' advisory service is connecting the romance reader with the proper romantic story.
▪ But who are the romance readers and just what is it that makes the romance genre so appealing to so many people?
▪ Obviously, then, the average romance reader is not the undereducated, uninformed, subnormal, frustrated housewife of recent mythology.
▪ Depending upon the size of the library or the system, one or more romance readers may be found.
▪ It was a whirlwind romance, all right, and nobody could talk any sense into Freda.
▪ They had a whirlwind romance, and after a few months she'd started hinting for a ring.
▪ She was introduced to Harry last summer by her younger sister, Michelle, and married him after a whirlwind romance.
▪ But at Eindhoven the organisation was unable to prevent fraternisation between the two sides leaping from mutual suspicion into whirlwind romance.
▪ Any second-hand bookseller or charity shop can testify to a roaring trade in the once read and discarded romance volume.
▪ Library patrons who read romances are other good sources of information.
▪ Is reading the romance a politically progressive or politically reactionary move?
▪ Their marriage has been the kind you read about in romance novels.
passport to success/health/romance etc
▪ Early on he learned - the hard way - that it was the passport to success.
▪ Finally, don't assume winning a talent contest is a passport to success.
▪ The Union Jack will be our passport to romance.
▪ We live in an increasingly competitive world where good qualifications are a passport to success.
storybook ending/romance etc
▪ Well, so much for a storybook ending.
▪ It was a beautiful summer romance, but they knew it couldn't last.
▪ My romance with Lois did not survive our high school graduation.
▪ Richard and Penny had made no great secret of their romance, even though they were both married.
▪ Some viewers objected to the interracial romance the show portrays.
▪ the romance of life in the Wild West
▪ As the romance proceeded, she became restless.
▪ Evening is a good time for friendships and romance, but do not be too intense.
▪ In the other local superstores, people have only one thing on their minds, but it is not romance.
▪ Invariably, romances form aboard the plane.
▪ Most married women surveyed said they were not victims of love at first sight and not moved to marriage by romance.
▪ The romance of the movies was to a significant degree an entrepreneurial romance.
▪ The connection between ancient houses and mysteries of a shameful kind has its origin in Gothic romance.
▪ When I heard the word goons, it became no longer a matter of romance but a war of wills.
▪ The experts seem to be romancing about figments of their imagination; he can see nothing that they are talking about.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Romance \Ro*mance"\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Romanced; p. pr. & vb. n. Romancing.] To write or tell romances; to indulge in extravagant stories.

A very brave officer, but apt to romance.


Romance \Ro*mance"\, a. Of or pertaining to the language or dialects known as Romance.


Romance \Ro*mance"\, n. [OE. romance, romant, romaunt, OF. romanz, romans, romant, roman, F. roman, romance, fr. LL. Romanice in the Roman language, in the vulgar tongue, i. e., in the vulgar language which sprang from Latin, the language of the Romans, and hence applied to fictitious compositions written in this vulgar tongue; fr. L. Romanicus Roman, fr. Romanus. See Roman, and cf. Romanic, Romaunt, Romansch, Romanza.]

  1. A species of fictitious writing, originally composed in meter in the Romance dialects, and afterward in prose, such as the tales of the court of Arthur, and of Amadis of Gaul; hence, any fictitious and wonderful tale; a sort of novel, especially one which treats of surprising adventures usually befalling a hero or a heroine; a tale of extravagant adventures, of love, and the like. ``Romances that been royal.''

    Upon these three columns -- chivalry, gallantry, and religion -- repose the fictions of the Middle Ages, especially those known as romances. These, such as we now know them, and such as display the characteristics above mentioned, were originally metrical, and chiefly written by nations of the north of France.

  2. An adventure, or series of extraordinary events, resembling those narrated in romances; as, his courtship, or his life, was a romance.

  3. A dreamy, imaginative habit of mind; a disposition to ignore what is real; as, a girl full of romance.

  4. The languages, or rather the several dialects, which were originally forms of popular or vulgar Latin, and have now developed into Italian. Spanish, French, etc. (called the Romanic languages).

  5. (Mus.) A short lyric tale set to music; a song or short instrumental piece in ballad style; a romanza.

  6. a love affair, esp. one in which the lovers display their deep affection openly, by romantic gestures.

    Syn: Fable; novel; fiction; tale.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

mid-14c., "French; in the vernacular language of France" (contrasted to Latin), from Old French romanz "French; vernacular," from Late Latin Romanice, from Latin Romanicus (see Roman). Extended 1610s to other modern tongues derived from Latin (Spanish, Italian, etc.); thus "pertaining to the languages which arose out of the Latin language of the provinces of Rome." Compare romance (n.).


c.1300, "a story, written or recited, of the adventures of a knight, hero, etc.," often one designed principally for entertainment," from Old French romanz "verse narrative" (Modern French roman), originally an adverb, "in the vernacular language," from Vulgar Latin *romanice scribere "to write in a Romance language" (one developed from Latin instead of Frankish), from Latin Romanicus "of or in the Roman style," from Romanus "Roman" (see Roman).\n

\nThe sense evolution is because medieval vernacular tales usually told chivalric adventures full of marvelous incidents and heroic deeds. In reference to literary works, often in Middle English meaning ones written in French but also applied to native compositions. Literary sense extended by 1660s to "a love story." Meaning "adventurous quality" first recorded 1801; that of "love affair" is from 1916. Romance novel attested from 1964. Compare Romance (adj.).


late 14c., "recite a narrative," from Old French romancier "narrate in French; translate into French," from romanz (see romance (n.)). Later "invent fictitious stories" (1670s), then "be romantically enthusiastic" (1849); meaning "court as a lover" is from 1938, probably from romance (n.). Related: Romanced; romancing.


n. 1 An intimate relationship between two people; a love affair. 2 A strong obsession or attachment for something or someone. 3 idealized love which is pure or beautiful. 4 A mysterious, exciting, or fascinating quality. 5 A story or novel dealing with idealized love. 6 An embellished account of something; an idealized lie. 7 A story relating to chivalry; a story involving knights, heroes, adventures, quests, etc. 8 An adventure, or series of extraordinary events, resembling those narrated in romances. 9 A dreamy, imaginative habit of mind; a disposition to ignore what is real. 10 (context music English) A romanza, or sentimental ballad. vb. 1 woo; court. 2 (context intransitive English) To write or tell romantic stories, poetry, letters, etc.

  1. n. a relationship between two lovers [syn: love affair]

  2. an exciting and mysterious quality (as of a heroic time or adventure) [syn: romanticism]

  3. the group of languages derived from Latin [syn: Romance language, Latinian language]

  4. a story dealing with love [syn: love story]

  5. a novel dealing with idealized events remote from everyday life

  6. v. make amorous advances towards; "John is courting Mary" [syn: woo, court, solicit]

  7. have a love affair with

  8. talk or behave amorously, without serious intentions; "The guys always try to chat up the new secretaries"; "My husband never flirts with other women" [syn: chat up, flirt, dally, butterfly, coquet, coquette, philander, mash]

  9. tell romantic or exaggerated lies; "This author romanced his trip to an exotic country"

Romance (1930 film)

Romance is a 1930 American Pre-Code Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film directed by Clarence Brown, starring Greta Garbo, Lewis Stone, and Gavin Gordon.

The movie was adapted by Edwin Justus Mayer and Bess Meredyth from the 1913 play by Edward Sheldon. It was . An earlier silent film also called Romance was one of the first releases by then new United Artists and starred Doris Keane, the actress in Sheldon's 1913 play.


Romance or romantic may refer to:

Romance (music)

The term romance (, , , , , , ) has a centuries-long history. Applied to narrative ballads in Spain, it came to be used by the 18th century for simple lyrical pieces not only for voice, but also for instruments alone. The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that "generally it implies a specially personal or tender quality".

Romance (play)

Romance is a play by David Mamet. It premiered Off-Broadway in 2005 and also ran in London.

Romance (novel)

Romance is a novel written by Joseph Conrad and Ford Madox Ford. It was the second of their three collaborations. Romance was eventually published by George Bell and Sons in London in 1903 and by McClure, Phillips in New York in March 1904.

According to Max Saunders, Conrad, in his quest to obtain a literary collaborator, had been recommended by several literary figures. W. E. Henley pointed to Ford as a suitable choice for Conrad. Literary collaboration was not particularly uncommon when Conrad proposed it to Ford, but neither was it considered the proper way for serious novelists, as Ford was aware: "The critics of our favoured land do not believe in collaboration.".

Romance (love)

Romance is the expressive and pleasurable feeling from an emotional attraction towards another person often associated with sexual attraction. It is eros rather than agape, philia, or storge.

In the context of romantic love relationships, romance usually implies an expression of one's strong romantic love, or one's deep and strong emotional desires to connect with another person intimately or romantically. Historically, the term "romance" originates with the medieval ideal of chivalry as set out in its chivalric romance literature.

Humans have a natural inclination to form bonds with one another through social interactions, be it through verbal communication or nonverbal gestures.

Romance (1999 film)

Romance'' (Romance X'') is a 1999 French art house drama film written and directed by Catherine Breillat. It stars Caroline Ducey, pornographic actor Rocco Siffredi, Sagamore Stévenin and François Berléand. The film features explicit copulation scenes, especially one showing Caroline Ducey's coitus with Rocco Siffredi. Romance is one of several arthouse films featuring explicit, unsimulated sex, such as The Brown Bunny (2003), 9 Songs (2004), All About Anna (2005), and Shortbus (2006).

Romance (Luis Miguel album)

Romance is the eighth studio album by Mexican singer Luis Miguel. It was released by WEA Latina on 19 November 1991. Although the production was originally intended as another collaboration with Juan Carlos Calderón, that plan was scrapped when Calderón was unable to compose songs for the album. Facing a new-material deadline in his recording contract, at his manager's suggestion Miguel chose bolero music for his next project. Mexican singer-songwriter Armando Manzanero was hired by WEA Latina to co-produce the album with Miguel. Recording began in August 1991 at Ocean Way Recording in Hollywood, California, with Bebu Silvetti the arranger.

On the album Miguel covers twelve boleros, originally recorded from 1944 to 1986. The first two singles, " Inolvidable" and "No Sé Tú", reached number one on the Billboard Hot Latin Songs chart in the United States and spent six months atop the Mexican charts. "Mucho Corazón" and "Cómo" were in the top five of the Hot Latin Songs chart, and "Usted" and "La Barca" received airplay throughout Latin America. Miguel promoted the record with a tour of the United States and Latin America. The album was generally well received by music critics, who praised Miguel's singing and the record's production. The singer received several accolades, including a Grammy nomination for Best Latin Pop Album.

Romance was a commercial success, selling over seven million copies worldwide. In the United States, it spent 32 weeks at number one on the Billboard Latin Pop Albums chart, and was the first Spanish-language album by a non- crossover Latin artist to be certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA); it was also certified gold in Brazil and Taiwan, firsts for a Spanish-speaking artist. Romance is the third-bestselling album of all time in Mexico, and the bestselling record in Argentina by a non-native artist. The album was noted by critics as reviving interest in bolero music. Its success encouraged Miguel to release three more bolero records: Segundo Romance (1994), Romances (1997) and Mis Romances (2001).

Romance (Dave Palmer album)

Romance is a solo album by session keyboardist Dave Palmer. The album has seven piano solo tracks and two tracks, which are a trio of piano, drums and bass. The music is self described as "at once somber and beautiful, melancholy and hopeful." The piano is a " Blüthner Grand from the early 1900s."

Romance (Frank Sinatra album)

Romance is a 2004 compilation album by American singer Frank Sinatra, that consists of 50 romantic tunes.

Romance (1983 film)

Romance is a 1983 Indian Bollywood film produced and directed by Ramanand Sagar. It stars Kumar Gaurav and Poonam Dhillon in pivotal roles.

'Romance (1983)' is a colourful, lively story of two teenage lover of the jet age Sonia, a half English girl, and Amar an Indian Youth, whose romance blossoms across thousands of miles and crosses all barriers

Romance (Buck-Tick song)

"Romance" is the twenty-third single by the Japanese rock band Buck-Tick, released on March 2, 2005.

Romance (2013 film)

' Romance ' is a 2013 Telugu Adult Comedy film directed by Darling Swamy and produced by G. Srinivasa Rao and SKN Srinivas on Good Cinemas Group which produced Ee Rojullo in the past. The film stars Prince, Dimple Chopade, Manasa in the lead roles and Saikumar P, Bhargavi and others in vital roles. Apart from direction, Darling Swamy handled the Story, Screenplay and Dialogues while S. B. Uddhav and J. Prabhakar Reddy handled the editing and cinematography respectively. The film released worldwide on 2 August 2013. with an A Certificate from the Censor Board.

Romance (guitar piece)

"Romance Anónimo" (Anonymous Romance) is a piece for guitar, also known as "Estudio en Mi de Rubira" (Study in E by Rubira), "Spanish Romance", "Romance de España", "Romance de Amor", "Romance of the Guitar", "Romanza" and "Romance d'Amour" among other names.

Its origins and authorship are currently in question. It is suspected of originally being a solo instrumental guitar work, from the 19th century. It has variously been attributed to Antonio Rubira, David del Castillo, Francisco Tárrega, Fernando Sor, Daniel Fortea, Miguel Llobet, Antonio Cano, Vicente Gómez and Narciso Yepes. The Anónimo (anonymous) part of its name has been incorporated over the years due to this uncertainty. The question of authorship has probably been propagated by three main reasons: the lack of claim by its true author, the desire to avoid paying copyright fees, and the desire of publishing companies to claim the lucrative copyright of this world-famous piece.

The style of the piece is that of the Parlour music of the late 19th century in Spain or South America, having a closed three-part form: the first in the minor key and the second being in the major key, with the third being a restatement of the first.

Romance (Ali Project album)

Romance is an album by Ali Project, released on December 6, 2006 (the same day their Baragoku Otome single was released) by Tokuma Japan Communications (catalog number: TKCU-77128). It is the fourth album in their series of string and piano orchestration album.

As with the previous albums in the series, this album comprises orchestrated versions of their older works, some new songs, a cover song and an instrumental track. New songs for this album are "La caléche ~ Haru no Yuki", "Saigo no Koi" and "Koyoi, Aoi Mori Fukaku", whereas "L'oiseau bleu" is a vocal cover of a music piece by Schubert.

Romance (David Cassidy album)

Romance is David Cassidy's seventh studio album as a solo artist and his first released by Arista Records. Released in 1985, Romance was the only studio album Cassidy released during the 1980s. Since growing out of his teen idol fame from The Partridge Family, Cassidy continued to try to re-invent his music career; however, in the United States, his latter albums from the 1970s did not chart. Therefore, for the album Romance, Arista excluded a U.S. release and released the album only in Europe, Israel, Japan, South Africa and Australia.

Romance hit no. 20 on the British charts in May 1985. George Michael sang on the song, "The Last Kiss" (originally recorded with different lyrics by Cliff Richard in 1981 as Young Love), which peaked at #6 in the UK Top 40 and charted all over Europe and in Australia. Subsequent singles from the album - "Romance (Let Your Heart Go)" and "Someone" - were minor hits in comparison. However, the last single from the album "She Knows All About Boys" was a Pan European #1. The album written prior to and after the marriage of Cassidy to Meryl Tanz was written about their marriage and David gives both Meryl and her daughter Caroline thanks for the two years it took to bring it to fruition.

The album is produced by Alan Tarney. Tarney also wrote or co-wrote (with David Cassidy) all songs on the album with the exception of "She Knows All About Boys".

Romance (meter)

The romance (the term is Spanish, and is pronounced accordingly: ) is a metrical form used in Spanish poetry. It consists of an indefinite series (tirada) of verses, in which the even-numbered lines have a near-rhyme ( assonance) and the odd lines are unrhymed. The lines are octosyllabic (eight syllables to a line); a similar but far less common form is hexasyllabic (six syllables to a line) and is known in Spanish as romancillo (a diminutive of romance); that, or any other form of less than eight syllables may also be referred to as romance corto ("short romance"). A similar form in alexandrines (12 syllables) also exists, but was traditionally used in Spanish only for learned poetry (mester de clerecía).

Poems in the romance form may be as few as ten verses long, and may extend to over 1,000 verses. They may constitute either epics or erudite romances juglarescos (from the Spanish word whose modern meaning is " juggler"; compare the French jongleur, which can also refer to a minstrel as well as a juggler). The epic forms trace back to the cantares de gesta (the Spanish equivalent of the French chansons de geste) and the lyric forms to the Provençal pastorela.

In the Spanish Golden Age, however, which is when the term came into wide use, romance was not understood to be a metrical form, but a type of narration, that could be written in various metrical forms. The first published collection of romances, Martín Nucio's Cancionero de romances (about 1547), was, according to Nucio's prologue, published not as poetry, but as a collection of historical source materials. Despite a considerable amount of poetic theory and history published during that period, there is no reference to romance as a term of meter prior to the nineteenth century. It did not mean an 8-syllable meter.

Romance (TV series)

Romance, also known as Theatre of Romance, is an American anthology series that aired live on CBS on Thursday nights at 8:30 pm from November 3, 1949 until December 29, 1949. The series aired on alternate Thursdays with Inside U.S.A. with Chevrolet. All episodes were produced and directed by Robert Stevens (director). Guest stars included Steven Hill, Lilia Skala, Bethel Leslie, and Cara Williams.

Romance (1920 film)

Romance is a 1920 American silent film directed by Chester Withey and released through United Artists. The film is based on the 1913 play Romance by Edward Sheldon and stars Doris Keane, the actress who created the role in the play. This was Miss Keane's only motion picture. D.W. Griffith allowed the use of his Mamaroneck Studios for the production. The nephew of Griffith's favorite cameraman, Billy Bitzer, was the cinematographer. The story was later remade as Romance in 1930, an early talking vehicle for Greta Garbo.

No copies of Romance are known to survive making it another lost film.

Romance (band)

Romance are a four-piece live rock band from London that formed in 2010. The Band have gone on to support The Cult on their UK tour and have been signed to Universal subsidiary, Fiction Records. The band consist of Jamie Lovatt (Guitar and Vox) Jon Hartz Wild (Guitar) Harry King (Bass) and Cillian Sheil (Drums.)

The band were signed to Fiction Records and went on to record their first album with Jason Perry. Original members Samantha Valentine and Alex Glover left the band after pressures, with drummer David Woods exiting after being struck with a back condition, meaning he could no longer play.

On 22 February 2014, lead singer Jamie Lovatt appeared as an auditionee on The Voice UK, singing a cover of Everybody's Free (To Feel Good). After performing he stated that the band had been dropped by their record label but had been continuing to perform and write music. He joined Ricky's team for the next round and departed in the knock out stages to Chris Royal.

The band are set to release a single prior to extensive touring later on in the year.

Romance (Tubelord album)

Romance is the second and final studio album by the British alternative rock band Tubelord. It was released on the October 10, 2011 on the independent UK label Pink Mist. The album was the follow up to their 2009 album, Our First American Friends and 2010 EP, Tezcatlipōca. It is their first full-length album with bassist Tom Coulson-Smith and synth/keys James Elliot Field. The album has been released on compact disc, digital download and vinyl.

The song "4t3", which was released on July 13, 2011, has been quoted by Prendergast to be named after an occurrence with a taxi driver who they had got a lift with and started conversing with amount of people they have had sex with, which then the taxi driver responded with 43 people. Opening track "Over In Brooklyn" is a continuation from the closing track (which is the title track) of Our First American Friends.

The song "My First Castle", which was released September 14, 2011, is currently the only single of the album, and was released in cassette form via the Pink Mist bigcartel website. The cassette features "My First Castle" as well as 2 bonus tracks titled "Elle Barge" and "Death" on the A side, with the B side featuring 6 spoken word poems by 3 poets; Rachael Allen, Andrew Parkes and Sam BW from London Arts collective clinic.

Romance (Dorso album)

Romance is the second album Dorso. In this album the band experienced the same elements of the last album that made them famous in the underground scene. Here Rodrigo Cuadra focuses on a conceptual history, taking its best Dorso to Progressive Metal, away from the heavy riffs and speed of Thrash Metal. Romance for many is considered one of the most creative of Chilean folk music, stand alongside conceptual works as Pichanga of Congress and even heights of Machu Picchu to Los Jaivas, Cuadra groups they admire.

Romance (1986 film)

Romance is a 1986 Italian drama film directed by Massimo Mazzucco. It was entered into the main competition at the 43rd Venice International Film Festival, in which Walter Chiari won the Pasinetti Award for best actor. For his performance Chiari also won the Ciak d'oro for best actor.

Usage examples of "romance".

Frank had dated her briefly in high school, but the romance never advanced past petting, and Peggy had married a real estate agent the same month Frank went into the academy.

Relaxed after the hunt, warm under the limpid trees, a little stirred by the romance and the artifice, the English Ambassage lay listening, smiling, and watched the young man who had given Sir John Perrott a poor game, but had clearly been selected by the Scottish Queen for quite different talents.

An Innocent Amourette One feels almost brutally rude in breaking in upon the privacy of this little romance.

Not simply in terms of the popular image of an anachronism surviving past its time, as if in a Vemlan romance where dinosaurs were found in an Amazon swamp.

But this discussion is immaterial, since these supreme examples of literary excellence exist in all kinds of composition,--poetry, fable, romance, ethical teaching, prophecy, interpretation, history, humor, satire, devotional flight into the spiritual and supernatural, everything in which the human mind has exercised itself,--from the days of the Egyptian moralist and the Old Testament annalist and poet down to our scientific age.

No apologia is any more than a romance - half a fiction - in which all the successive identities taken on and rejected by the writer as a function of linear time are treated as separate characters.

Romance, The Angel-Playmate, raining down His golden influences On all I saw, and all I dreamed and did, Walked with me arm in arm, Or left me, as one bediademed with straws And bits of glass, to gladden at my heart Who had the gift to seek and feel and find His fiery-hearted presence everywhere.

Then he had but to bring out the old romance book from the priory, with befingered cover of sheepskin and gold letters upon a purple ground, to entice her wayward mind back to the paths of learning.

There is some romance in the San Francisco cooking, too, if the oldtimers who bemourn the old days only realized it.

After my first night under the stars--wondrous night of wakefulness and hopeful music, throughout which I lay entranced at the foot of a wooded hill and was never for a moment uncompanioned by nightingale, cicala and firefly--I began to suffer from footsoreness, a bodily affliction against which romance, that certain salve for the maladies of the soul, is no remedy, or very little.

Maurois or the Swedish sf writer Claes Lundin, but were typical of the new type of Scientific Romances that was to become something specially American.

These include early romances of chivalry, of which few copies are found today.

I was thus engaged in a rather delicate adventure, the end of which I could not possibly foresee, but my warmth for my protegee did not cool down, and having no difficulty in procuring the means to keep her I had no wish to see the last scene of the romance.

And a thought, sharp-edged, that Meiya had traveled into that hazy nowhere-land of legends, a damned romance the country-folk told in wintertimes.

Working through wicked airs and deadly dews That make the laden robber grin askance At the good places in his black romance, And the poor, loitering harlot rather choose Go pinched and pined to bed Than lurk and shiver and curse her wretched way From arch to arch, scouting some threepenny prey.