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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a dense population (=a lot of people living close together)
▪ Britain has a particular problem because of dense population.
a migrant population (=the migrants who live in a particular place)
▪ The town has a large migrant popluation.
a population explosion
▪ The decision not to plant the fields led to a population explosion in rabbits.
ageing population (=with more old people than before)
▪ Europe’s ageing population
control group/population/sample etc
▪ A control group of non-smoking women was compared to four groups of women smokers.
population density
▪ areas of high population density
the human population
▪ The UN estimates that the human population will reach 9.1 billion by 2050.
the immigrant population
▪ The immigrant population increased rapidly during the 1970s.
the prison population (=all the prisoners in a country)
▪ The government wants to reduce the size of the prison population.
working population
▪ A smaller working population will have to support a growing number of retired people.
▪ The results clearly show a high prevalence of oesophagitis in the adult asthmatic population.
▪ Out-migrants from rural areas are predominantly the younger members of the adult population.
▪ The conventional wisdom in the gay community is that 10 percent of the adult population is gay or lesbian.
▪ Over a fifth of the adult population owned shares in late 1988, contrasted with only 6 percent in early 1984.
▪ A recent United Nations report says that 90% of the adult population are literate.
▪ Half of the adult population never fully develops formal operational reasoning.
▪ It has an ageing population and social security laws which will generate a massive public expenditure burden and necessitate tax increases.
▪ They calculate that the ageing population is adding 1 percent annually to health service costs.
▪ How can health services be restructured to meet the needs of ageing populations more appropriately?
▪ This is not just because of the enormous scale of the demands which an ageing population puts on caring organisations.
▪ Does it therefore follow that an ageing population inevitably implies some impoverishment, if not among elderly, then among younger people?
▪ An ageing population is both less productive and a more costly burden on the health services.
▪ The fact is no government can meet the insatiable demand for ever more sophisticated medical technology by an ageing population.
▪ The majority of holdings in the uplands of Great Britain are farmed by owner-occupiers with an ageing population of farmers.
▪ Unlike Britain, the black population in the United States is as indigenous as the white.
▪ Between 1940 and 1960 the black population of Watts increased eightfold.
▪ Even as the black population ballooned, whites kept control of the City Council.
▪ Faced with the problems of waging war against the Union, they had the additional task of controlling a large black population.
▪ As with other areas, global comparisons between black and white populations hide differences within the black population.
▪ There are also clear differences within the black population.
▪ By singling out the black population for a special history month makes all other races feel slighted.
▪ But it was not solely the irregular Hutu extremist forces and the Mayi-Mayi that persecuted the civilian population.
▪ These organizations employed about 10 percent of the civilian working population of the United States.
▪ Even more so, the detailed provisions on protection of the civilian population restate, build upon and extend previous formulations.
▪ There you have the original civilian population of cyberspace.
▪ We had to withdraw into the hills, taking the civilian population with us.
▪ Besides, war nowadays is waged by virtually invulnerable professionals against extremely vulnerable civilian populations.
▪ Many Church leaders criticized the military for its attacks on civilian populations.
▪ As Table 5.3 shows there is a diversity between studies in the age taken as defining the elderly population.
▪ Current projections anticipate: Between 1991 and 2001 the 75+ age group will grow from 44% to 48% of the elderly population.
▪ The institutional population, as Chapter 2 illustrated, is a very elderly population.
▪ Yet the problems of rehabilitating the largely elderly resident hospital populations remained unsolved.
▪ These and other factors combined to give the elderly population a new and high profile in post-war public debate and social research.
▪ They were to retain a commitment to sessional work at Powick, with the elderly population, under the reformed system.
▪ Many discussions of the elderly population include women of 60+.
▪ So, too, was the entire population of Théovard-sur-Mer.
▪ For programs affecting the health and safety of the entire population a single average value serves well.
▪ The entire population had starved to death.
▪ It would require testing of the entire population which is unnecessary, unmanageable and costly.
▪ Lack of control over these had led to health hazards for the entire population, rich and poor.
▪ Should the United States enact some health plan that covers the entire population?
▪ But the danger is still there as long as there are enough weapons to kill the entire population of the world many times over.
▪ The current tuberculosis epidemic, which threatens the entire population with antibiotic-resistant strains, is the result of one such foolish cutback.
▪ Higher percentages of the elderly than of the general adult population live in accommodation built before 1919 that is often poorly maintained.
▪ For the general population, beta carotene is not a magic bullet.
▪ The applicability of such data derived from uranium miners to the general population is central to the radon issue.
▪ The basic education level of the general population has risen dramatically in recent decades.
▪ A total of 1272 men from the general population and 2099 retired coal miners aged 50-75 years took part in the study.
▪ It is believed that up to 20 percent of the general population has this condition.
▪ As a whole group they are in relative or absolute poverty, in contrast to the general adult population of working age.
▪ Sure, there are people using illegal substances in the Olympics, just as there are those among the general population.
▪ The heterogeneity of proliferative patterns found within the high risk population used for this study is not surprising.
▪ No amount of inside organization or outside aid can overwhelm a high population growth rate.
▪ Counties with low population density have sparse shading while counties with high population density have dark shading.
▪ It was passed before the four Republican governors whose states have the highest immigrant population had arrived for the meeting.
▪ Forest Gate in particular had a high population of clerical and professional workers.
▪ The social factors are also similar, including high rural populations, small landholdings and limited opportunities for alternative occupations.
▪ El Salvador has suffered from one of the highest rates of population growth in the under-developed world.
▪ There are barriers to a free movement of people from areas of high to low population pressure.
▪ One-third of the world's human population lives on land that is liable to be inundated if the seas rise.
▪ Such belief will spread rapidly throughout human populations.
▪ Outline the problems met with in designing a model to simulate changes in the size and structure of a human population.
▪ The social structures for coping with human population collapse are nearly nil.
▪ That is to say, within 100 years the human population will have quadrupled.
▪ Trichloroethene, a probable human carcinogen, can cause liver damage and genetic mutations in both human and animal populations.
▪ It is often seen in nature, but becomes much more obvious when natural hazards are removed in captive and human populations.
▪ The Colorado beetle spreads over a potato crop and a human population starves.
▪ A particularly important element of his study relates to the indigenous population of the region, who have land rights.
▪ These more remote areas are also those with the highest percentages of indigenous population.
▪ This island will be the scene of many official celebrations in October 1992: its indigenous population was wiped out long ago.
▪ The indigenous population decreased in alarming proportions.
▪ This is not catering for the indigenous population of Ayrshire and Arran.
▪ The indigenous population seemed very friendly.
▪ This system prevailed over a colony whose territorial boundaries were not determined by the pre-colonial boundaries recognised by the indigenous populations.
▪ In fact, the indigenous population probably had more influence than most historians believe.
▪ Effective though such techniques may be when goat numbers are low, they make little impact on a large population.
▪ Faced with the problems of waging war against the Union, they had the additional task of controlling a large black population.
▪ As people lived longer and the death rate fell. a larger population was able to persist.
▪ Besides proximity to a large population of consumers, the other advantage of the new store is greater efficiency.
▪ Thus, improved health in poor societies can lead to larger population, greater poverty, and eventually deterioration in health.
▪ To offer only one alternative, total abstention, is to exclude a large population in need of services.
▪ The hazel coppices are particularly favoured by the large Sussex Nightingale population.
▪ The idea is to gather data from a subset that reflects the most interesting characteristics of the larger population.
▪ In the 1800s most fishermen were after whales, until their coastal net fishery wiped out local populations.
▪ The Grand Army had problems enough without alienating the local population.
▪ The local bird population will appreciate them too.
▪ These transient colonialists dictated their needs, and the local populations in general complied.
▪ Surprisingly, he could not find out from local sources the population, size or exact borders of the country.
▪ Was there a change of mood, an ideological change of heart amongst the local population?
▪ Recipients of good schemes had access to local community facilities available to the local population at large.
▪ Watchful conservationists will make sure that baiters who've decimated the local badger population won't get their hands on these as well.
▪ Nevertheless, Sapaudia was divided up between the Burgundians and the native population.
▪ The native population was either driven back or dominated.
▪ By 1640, 100,000 planters had arrived in Ireland when the native population numbered only one million inhabitants.
▪ In other words, the very same trucks that have terrorized their native population for decades.
▪ Early colonists ravaged native populations with syphilis and typhoid.
▪ Reckless economic development and rapid population growth threaten the world's fragile environment.
▪ Life in Cairo often manages to work even under the oppressive condi-tions of poverty and rapid population growth.
▪ Congestion and land hunger were particularly acute in Lewis, because of the rapid population increase.
▪ But with rapid population growth, all the negative effects of poverty and ill-conceived government policies are magnified.
▪ They partly justified this by an eye upon the too rapid growth of population in some countries.
▪ The supply of food has been affected by rapid population growth as well.
▪ By 1951 rural population was on the increase, a trend that has continued throughout the postwar period.
▪ Unemployment among the rural and urban population is on the upswing.
▪ The danger is that current rural housing policies will produce a polarization of the rural population.
▪ Even the smallest county town could become the Mecca of the surplus rural population.
▪ With rising rural population and the end of the cereal boom, farm wages away from industrial areas simply stagnated.
▪ Parts of the land area have more specific handicaps and are characterised by having a declining rural population.
▪ The rural population had declined from 38 percent in 1979 to 34 percent.
▪ The ever-increasing flow of scientific and technological advances is of little significance to a rural population living at or below subsistence level.
▪ Gene loss might then be very small and the population will soon reach sustainable levels, or explode.
▪ In recent years there have been reports of a small remnant population in New Brunswick.
▪ Their world was small and their population large.
▪ Most studies have investigated senile dementia in relatively small populations.
▪ Obviously, the smaller the identified population the more manageable such a proposal would be.
▪ So, to minimise the chances of this, smaller populations require larger sampling ratios.
▪ With a smaller population than London, New York City has a considerably larger police force.
▪ Discussion Our screening programme covered 0.77% of the total population of Tayside.
▪ In 1986, people older than 65 made up 14 percent of the total population.
▪ The Moguls can have made very little impression on the total population however.
▪ Nationally, illegal immigrants compose 1. 9 percent of the total population.
▪ Aboriginal women in that age group have death rates around nine times those of the total female population.
▪ The number found breeding successfully in any year is small compared to the total population, for example only 20-25 pairs in 1971.
▪ In 1977, 24 million households, with a total population of 114 million, each had less than 0.4 hectares of land.
▪ First, fluoridation will raise the average steady state or plateau level of ionic fluoride in the blood throughout the total population.
▪ The apparent increasing prevalence of depression and mental-health disorders in ageing and socially fragmented urban populations.
▪ But many others in fast-lane urban populations seemed to grow more jaded and extreme as they grew older.
▪ Between 1850 and 1914 population doubled, urban population tripled and national income more than tripled.
▪ The rapidly increasing urban population has placed an impossible strain on the provision of housing.
▪ With the urban population growing towards 320 million by the year 2000, social and political tensions are likely to increase.
▪ We recommend immediate large-scale immunisation of the urban population, as well as tightened surveillance and appropriate vector control.
▪ Surveys in the 1970s showed that 40 percent of Britain's urban population suffered from traffic-induced noise.
▪ The beat was the site where police control of the urban population was felt most acutely.
▪ The conference is seen by some as part of a continuing campaign of racial denigration against the country's white population.
▪ The white population around the borders of the reservation was growing and expanding.
▪ Only in the homogeneous white population of the United Provinces of the River Plate did independence seem secure.
▪ Numerous programs for increasing the white population were debated in the colonial assembly, but no resolution was adopted.
▪ Their policies drew little disapproval from sports authorities or the rest of the white population.
▪ Just over 81 percent of all minimum wage workers are white in a population that is 84 percent white overall.
▪ On the one hand, the white population needs them to work while, on the other, their presence is resented.
▪ As their baseline constituents, the blue-collar and middle-class white populations, migrated to the suburbs, long-standing political alignments dissolved.
▪ It provides a reasonably equitable and comprehensive service to the whole population at remarkably small cost.
▪ Combat had created a whole new population of patients.
▪ Though the whole population remained the focus of interest, sampling techniques enabled it to be studied economically.
▪ When the whole population of New York was, oh hell, under 2 million.
▪ It is therefore a full survey conducted on the whole population.
▪ The whole population of the town seemed to be on the move.
▪ S., distributing a $ 10, 000, 000 gift to the whole population?
▪ The rate of growth of total working population fell to zero by the mid 1960s.
▪ One in seven of the working population is unemployed: 3¼ million people.
▪ The picture of the working population of West Ham emerging from these data is one dominated by unskilled male manual workers.
▪ They now cover 35 percent. of the working population and are carefully targeted on the areas most in need.
▪ The town has a working population of around 700, so the closures will put one in ten on the dole.
▪ It was also attributable to the increasing demands and expectations of the newly enfranchised working population.
▪ Lothian is also a well defined employment centre with nearly 92 percent of its working population employed within its boundary.
▪ The prize, however, was that the whole working population would have a pension of their own.
▪ Such stories reinforce stock images of a regime that imposes population control by force.
▪ In other areas, however, corruption has weakened population controls.
▪ The same principle has been effective in the case of population control.
▪ But sterilisation is the ultimate means of ensuring effective population control.
▪ For instance, population control, which neither involved women nor took their point of view into consideration, had failed utterly.
▪ Welcomes, with some reservations, the introduction of the Black Death as a vital measure of population control.
▪ If the Greens ever form a government, they should use him in the commercials advocating population control.
▪ For this reason, an increase in population density often precipitates a round of emigration.
▪ In some individual neighborhoods, the population density is three times greater than in the infamous slums of Calcutta or Jakarta.
▪ Average population densities doubled between 1900 and 1960.
▪ He suggested that the main cause of social differentiation was the increase in population density.
▪ Presumably there are factors that control the size, and they depend on the population density.
▪ Where there is a high population density and a rapid population turnover, the church must achieve visibility.
▪ Rural population densities are of prime importance in modifying the implications of the different relations of production under which land is used.
▪ This gave an average population density of over 1600 inhabitants per square mile in 1981.
▪ Pressures on carers will increase as Britain faces a population explosion among the most vulnerable elderly people.
▪ It could be a major factor is reversing the deadly momentum of the population explosion.
▪ He cites in support of this the population explosion.
▪ Mention procreation, and they talk about the population explosion.
▪ Pettitt sees urban services in particular offering vast scope for expansion as city fathers wake up to the dangers from the car population explosion.
▪ As the summer reaches its peak, there will be a population explosion of butterflies.
▪ But nomatterhow hard they are worked the population explosion continues.
▪ They say a pest control campaign is needed to stop a squirrel population explosion.
▪ Even before the birth of the world's six billionth inhabitant in 1999, demographers had marked the deceleration of population growth.
▪ According to modernisation theory, the urban centre is the locus of population growth, mobility and integration.
▪ As these areas were destroyed or reduced over the years by development and population growth, the owl populations went with it.
▪ There is a more significant difference, however, in population growth.
▪ Understanding of population growth in relation to the level of agricultural production facilitates future food planning and management.
▪ The problem for the future is the need to keep pace with mushrooming global population growth.
▪ The irony is that population growth itself eats away at development potential.
▪ Within such a discourse national intellectuals need not see themselves as attempting to impose their own culture orientations upon a majority population.
▪ The backlash within the majority population took a different path.
▪ The main reason for the huge prison population is the fashion for severe and mandatory sentencing.
▪ Financially, the programme depends on savings gained from reducing the prison population.
▪ Unfortunately however, such a policy would also have the effect of increasing the already excessive prison population by an enormous extent.
▪ This constituted 22 percent of the total prison population.
▪ This reduced the prison population by over 3,000, and without it the figure would have been 53,000.
▪ An estimated 8,500 other prisoners - most of the remaining prison population - also benefited from reductions in their prison terms.
▪ Furthermore, expanding prison populations have crippling consequences for prison regimes.
▪ The total world population was put at 190 at the last count.
▪ On the one hand, a growing, needy world population eliminates nature day by day.
▪ The year 1994 is the latest year for which reasonably comprehensive data on world population are available.
▪ Surely then, until Third World populations decline through national programmes of family planning, population pressure will cause hunger and shortages.
▪ Pedro, like the rest of the working world population, was somewhat underemployment.
▪ If percapita consumption remained static, an increased world population would still need 40 percent more energy by 2025.
▪ At the same time, health and welfare services will have to expand for a growing and aging population.
▪ The growing population needs more roads, wooden shacks and outhouses.
▪ We needed all our land to accommodate our growing population.
▪ As a result, many were lulled into thinking that the world can accommodate an infinitely growing population.
▪ But at first the cities simply increased in number, grew in population and became more densely packed.
▪ On the one hand, a growing, needy world population eliminates nature day by day.
▪ The areas around London grew in population throughout the inter-war period.
▪ Likewise, growing population placed increasing demands on electric generation and water treatment facilities.
▪ Numerous programs for increasing the white population were debated in the colonial assembly, but no resolution was adopted.
▪ The rapidly increasing urban population has placed an impossible strain on the provision of housing.
▪ This is more likely if increasing wealth is matched by increasing population and increasing density of population.
▪ Such costs increase as the population size increases.
▪ By analogy, shows the marginal percapita crowding costs, i.e. the amount by which crowding costs increase as the population increases.
▪ Yet a rapidly increasing population has prevented this growth from raising per capita income as much as might be hoped.
centre of population/urban centre
native New Yorker/population/inhabitants etc
▪ Although he was a native New Yorker, like many denizens of that city he had a romantic view of country life.
the mass of people/the population/workers etc
▪ For the mass of the population, indeed, the shift of interest arguably went in the other direction.
▪ Such feelings developed very much within the context of the lived experience of the mass of the population.
the population/public/society/world etc at large
▪ Equally important is how a baby communicates back to caregivers and the world at large.
▪ How then did this concept originate, and why has it received such currency among specialists and the public at large?
▪ However, in spite of that, the availability both here and in Britain should be known to the public at large.
▪ I came and looked around and felt this campus is no different than the society at large.
▪ In some societies the boy-preferring habit seems to have spread from elites to the society at large.
▪ The rise of the Internet has taken that idea from offices to the world at large.
▪ They chattered on among themselves, oblivious to the world at large, lovingly cared for in this cozy place.
▪ 30% of the male population suffers from heart disease.
▪ A large portion of the population lives in poverty.
▪ Austria has a population of 7.5 million.
▪ In 1966 the population of Lima was about two million.
▪ In Ghana 46% of the population is under 16 years of age.
▪ In many Western European countries the population is no longer increasing.
▪ In our study, significantly more miners complained of weight loss than the general population.
▪ Most of the population of Canada lives relatively near the U.S. border.
▪ New Jersey has a population of around 7.6 million.
▪ Ninety percent of the adult population is literate.
▪ The population of Germany is about 80 million.
▪ The population of Singapore is almost 3 million.
▪ The country's Jewish population was angered by the prime minister's remarks.
▪ The patients have been isolated to keep the disease from spreading to the rest of the population.
▪ The U.S. has a rate of population growth that is five times that of Europe.
▪ What is the population of Montana?
▪ But most of this growing population is poor and marginalised, even before disaster strikes.
▪ City officials are wary of population loss to suburbs and point with pride to the overall population gain that has accompanied annexation.
▪ In those countries where indigenous women existed side by side with a late-arriving and dominant population, the indigenous women suffered disproportionately.
▪ More than 53 million people, about one-fifth of the population, live in those counties.
▪ Most of them have populations that are growing rapidly.
▪ The steppes support around 65 percent of the remaining worldwide bustard population.
▪ Ultimately the regional problem and the changing geography of population and industrial distribution gave the subject field a dramatically widened remit.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Population \Pop`u*la"tion\, n. [L. populatio: cf. F. population.]

  1. The act or process of populating; multiplication of inhabitants.

  2. The whole number of people, or inhabitants, in a country, or portion of a country; as, a population of ten millions.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1610s, from Late Latin populationem (nominative populatio) "a people; a multitude," as if from Latin populus "a people" (see people (n.)). Population explosion is first attested 1953.


n. 1 The people living within a political or geographical boundary. 2 By extension, the people with a given characteristic. 3 A count of the number of resident within a political or geographical boundary such as a town, a nation or the world. 4 (context biology English) A collection of organisms of a particular species, sharing a particular characteristic of interest, most often that of living in a given area.

  1. n. the people who inhabit a territory or state; "the population seemed to be well fed and clothed"

  2. a group of organisms of the same species populating a given area; "they hired hunters to keep down the deer population"

  3. (statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which samples can be drawn; "it is an estimate of the mean of the population" [syn: universe]

  4. the number of inhabitants (either the total number or the number of a particular race or class) in a given place (country or city etc.); "people come and go, but the population of this town has remained approximately constant for the past decade"; "the African-American population of Salt Lake City has been increasing"

  5. the act of populating (causing to live in a place); "he deplored the population of colonies with convicted criminals"


A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.

In ecology, the population of a certain species in a certain area is estimated using the Lincoln Index. The area that is used to define a sexual population is defined as the area where inter-breeding is potentially possible between any pair within the area. The probability of interbreeding is greater than the probability of cross-breeding with individuals from other areas. Under normal conditions, breeding is substantially more common within the area than across the border.

In sociology, population refers to a collection of humans. Demography is a social science which entails the statistical study of human populations. This article refers mainly to human population.

Population (album)

Population is the second studio album by Canadian indie rock band The Most Serene Republic. It was recorded and mixed by Ryan Mills, Mike Kuehn and Ryan Lenssen at Sleepytown Sound in Toronto. The album was released on October 2, 2007 through Arts & Crafts. This is the first album to feature the band's new rhythm section of Tony Nesbitt-Larking and Simon Lukasewich. The album artwork features the Muji toy "suburbia in a bag".

Population (disambiguation)

Population may refer to:

  • Population, a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, who live in the same geographical area
  • Population genetics, the study of the distributions and changes of allele frequency in a population,
  • Metallicity, star populations

Usage examples of "population".

There was to be an exchange of populations and full rights accorded to nationals of one country in the other.

Upon this ugly race antagonism it is not necessary to enlarge here in discussing the problem of education, and I will leave it with the single observation that I have heard intelligent negroes, who were honestly at work, accumulating property and disposed to postpone active politics to a more convenient season, say that they had nothing to fear from the intelligent white population, but only from the envy of the ignorant.

Now and again we chanced upon a hamlet which the hurricane had passed by almost completely, full to overflowing with the afflux of neighbouring populations.

English with affright, in all those towns where there was still sufficient population to feel the change.

He may, like a blue-eyed person, have two copies of the same allele, or he may have any two alleles chosen from the half dozen alternatives available in the population at large.

Whenever, in a wild population, a t allele happens to arise by mutation, it immediately spreads like a brushfire.

Finally, they turned their back on the nation-building lessons from the Balkans and other crisis zones and fashioned a plan that unrealistically sought to shift much of the burden onto a defeated and ethnically diverse population and allied nations that were enormously ambivalent about the invasion.

It was a gigantic amphitheatre carved into the side of the plateau upon which the upper city - the Imperial palace - rested, constructed by the skill of artisans, the sweat of builders, and the blood of slaves, vast enough to comfortably seat 50,000 people, more than the populations of Rillanon and Krondor combined.

This recent outbreak makes it abundantly clear that anthrax can be used as a bioterrorist weapon against civilian populations.

If disease, however, was loosed artificially - we have previously mentioned the possibility of bacteriological warfare - then it is possible either that this form of warfare was geographically limited, or that some populations were able to prepare forms of defence against it.

The case of America shows the limits of racial assimilability between populations totally alien physically.

The Portuguese, unlike the British or German colonists, had a relaxed attitude toward miscegenation and the result was a large mulatto population and an official policy of assimilado under which any person of color, if he attained certain civilized standards, was considered to be white and enjoyed Portuguese nationality.

When they dissolve, the totality of the assimilating population has increased.

Determined that the burgeoning population of young Mexican-Americans will not go the way of other minority groups and eventually lose both their native language and their ethnic identity, they press ever forward with an agenda that deprives these immigrants of the fluency and expertise in English that the past assimilationist and immersionist models insisted upon.

This large, loose assimilatory mass of movements, groups, and societies will be definitely and obviously attempting to swallow up the entire population of the world and become the new human community.