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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
civil partnership
▪ It was a close partnership, made all the closer by the small numbers involved and the intimacy of Derry.
▪ He and Clinton have formed such a close working partnership that Kemp, as vice president, would like to emulate Gore.
▪ New approaches are needed, with close partnerships between local communities, non-government agencies, governments and international organisations.
▪ Cloth manufacture and the knitting of garments became separate industries, though close working partnerships remained essential.
▪ If institutional investors are involved, the buy-out vehicle could be a limited partnership, to afford the institutions limited liability.
▪ Assuming a free choice becomes possible, it is difficult to foresee any great increase in the numbers of limited partnerships.
▪ Rules relating to limited partnerships are in line with the provisions of other similar legislations.
▪ History is no longer a limited partnership or enterprise between these two groups.
▪ Most of the normal rules outlined above concerning partnerships are relevant to the limited partnership, but with some crucial differences.
▪ A limited partnership comprises both limited and full partners.
▪ The protection which is conferred by a limited partnership leads to extra rules of law.
▪ The new partnership was soon ranked second only to Walt Disney.
▪ And at each of these junctures, nature and nurture can discover a new partnership.
▪ The new strike partnership of Saunders and substitute Dwight Yorke failed to make an immediate impression as Ipswich pressed hard.
▪ Mark also assumed that his new business partnership would have its evolutionary stages as well.
▪ Integrated learning programmes offer an opportunity for a team approach and the forging of new partnerships.
▪ He called for a new partnership economy with the private and public sectors working together.
▪ So a new partnership was created in the new year.
▪ They were private individuals or partnerships, paid by the state to provide a universal service free at the point of use.
▪ The courts have long held that partners in private partnerships have greater obligations to each other than do shareholders in public corporations.
▪ The trust is seeking a further £50 million through private partnerships with companies, such as Barclays.
▪ More recently, he managed private partnerships for institutional investors, along with Breazzano.
▪ But no one is talking about the Government investing in a public-#private partnership to keep Longbridge open.
▪ She said the listing in the bankruptcy filing sounded like a private equity partnership, but she would not discuss the investments.
▪ In this sense the rationale for using public-#private partnerships is strong.
▪ It has been a remarkable public and private partnership.
▪ Measures have included the setting up of regional development agencies, private- public partnership schemes and privately organised enterprise trusts.
▪ It has been a remarkable public and private partnership.
▪ But no one is talking about the Government investing in a public-private partnership to keep Longbridge open.
▪ In this sense the rationale for using public-private partnerships is strong.
▪ This is a public-private partnership.
▪ Through a variety of public and private partnerships 790 million dollars were raised.
▪ Turndal predicted future growth would come from product development, strategic partnerships, alliances and acquisitions.
▪ We should explore the formation of a real strategic partnership.
▪ The importance of review and evaluation as an integral part of the strategic management of partnerships can not be overemphasised.
▪ The company also has a number of strategic distribution partnerships.
▪ Economic survival and the profit line are of critical importance to us all but successful partnerships must look beyond them.
▪ Palin's history, from his marriage through his professional life, is a history of successful and enduring partnerships.
▪ In our study of successful entrepreneurial partnerships, few remain successful when they are joined by a third person.
▪ A successful partnership should have as one of its basic principles a recognition of the similarities between participants.
▪ In this chapter you will read about successful partnerships and unsuccessful ones.
▪ The drafting of a full partnership agreement is a difficult and time-consuming business.
▪ Explain the reasons why partnership agreements often contain clauses relating to interest, bonuses, salaries and division of profits.
▪ Such matters are almost incapable of being satisfactorily defined within the partnership agreement itself.
▪ For that very reason it would be unusual to include detailed provisions in the partnership agreement itself.
▪ This chapter deals with more general aspects of partnership agreements.
▪ Under our model contracting may cause difficulties with dispensing, deputising, partnership agreements, profitability, and investment in premises.
▪ The partnership agreement should make it clear if this is not what is required.
▪ The partnership agreement should contain express mention of the following matters: 1.
▪ Education business partnerships, though recent in their current form, have antecedents which it would be foolish to ignore.
▪ For many couples, it can be a disaster to try to turn their married relationship into a business partnership as well.
▪ But it was in 1958 that he formed the central personal and business partnership of his life.
▪ This is especially true if you introduce your spouse into an already established business partnership.
▪ Private practice is usually a business partnership of solicitors who work together.
▪ Many of the largest companies already were involved in school business partnerships.
▪ We like to think of our relationship with you as a business partnership.
▪ Few relationships are as demanding as a business partnership, but all relationships contain a stress factor.
▪ We will relaunch the Cooperative Development Agency. Build partnership in industry.
▪ The simple objective was to enhance existing linkages and to create new partnerships and there can be no doubt that this was achieved.
▪ And they created more partnerships with foundations than any city before or since.
▪ It created a true partnership with employees-a professional, social, and financial partnership.
▪ Instead, companies are looking to develop partnerships that marry the traditions of municipal and private project finance.
▪ Many principals take an active role in developing school / business partnerships and school-to-work transition programs for students.
▪ Thirdly, and this is the most challenging categorisation, partnerships differ in terms of the intimacy of education business relationships which are developed.
▪ It is their role to develop the partnership and ensure the quality of each part of the relationship.
▪ Second, it will itself be able to develop land in partnership with the private sector.
▪ For the eight years of their marriage, the Beetons developed a partnership in which the personal and professional were intertwined.
▪ Is not it more sensible to say that we have responsible people out there with whom we have developed partnerships?
▪ The division will develop partnerships and joint ventures with third parties and will fast track digital businesses and development.
▪ The department of health will also enter into partnerships with families to finance direct costs.
▪ The two entered a partnership with Southwest Savings and Loan Association to develop the project.
▪ The intention of the parties entering upon a partnership is seen to be of paramount importance.
▪ There have been some success stories, particularly where local authorities have entered into partnership deals with private sector agencies.
▪ The statutory ban on solicitors entering into partnership with other professionals, such as accountants, is to be lifted.
▪ The Spartacists attacked the Independents for entering into partnership with the Majority Socialists.
▪ He entered into partnership with John Hopkins, a fellow apprentice, who also married one of Robinson's daughters.
▪ The camp has established an innovative partnership with a local village tourism enterprise.
▪ One of the changes was establishing a partnership committee to evaluate whether to go public.
▪ He appears to be so alone while your wife and yourself have established new partnerships.
▪ This is especially true if you introduce your spouse into an already established business partnership.
▪ It is the reason Marks &038; Spencer has established interdependent partnerships with those who supply them.
▪ This transformation of teachers' experiences is the key factor establishing the concept of partnership through direct experience.
▪ Nonprofit organizations are establishing partnerships with large grocery chains to bring supermarkets into low income neighborhoods.
▪ They formed a partnership solely to enter the competition, and did no other work together.
▪ In February 1994, the hospitals agreed to form a partnership, with a single chief executive and a joint bottom line.
▪ Publishers are agonizing and divided over whether to form partnerships with the new ventures or take them on as competitors.
▪ It certainly is a trial - a trial in living together and forming a partnership.
▪ Pension funds also can help California firms to break into more global markets by forming partnerships.
▪ We have since formed a partnership and employ a young labourer to do all the preparation work.
▪ He formed no partnership with Wakelin: that the childless Wickes reserved for his protégé, Samuel Netherton, in 1750.
▪ However, it can be argued that the drive towards particular and explicit ends has actually limited what these partnerships could achieve.
▪ Last week the closely held firm announced it had sold $ 17. 25 million worth of limited partnership interests.
▪ Paine Webber said it earned $ 58. 8 million in the fourth quarter after the charge related to the limited partnerships.
▪ However, the Teams are always looking for new ideas which they can work on in partnership with local groups and individuals.
▪ He and Clinton have formed such a close working partnership that Kemp, as vice president, would like to emulate Gore.
▪ And what worked for a partnership proved disastrous in a publicly owned corporation.
▪ As can be seen they are the work of school librarians and teachers working in partnership.
▪ In Akron and elsewhere, vibrant city governments are those that work in partnership with the private sector.
▪ Certainly wherever women and men work together in partnership there is the possibility of great enrichment.
▪ In essence, these programs fostered the emergence of local government professionals who were more capable of making public-private partnerships work.
▪ Crime prevention is most effective when it is a partnership between the police and the public.
▪ Elliot and Elver decided to form a partnership and launch their own business.
▪ Police and community leaders need to work together in a spirit of partnership.
▪ the great movie partnership of De Niro and Scorsese
▪ The law firm is run as a partnership.
▪ The song-writing partnership has been very productive.
▪ The YMCA and other youth agencies have set up a partnership to reach the city's poor children.
▪ A partner is entitled to full participation in the management of the partnership.
▪ Because school people vastly outnumber business-people in most school-to-work partnerships, the tendency is for educators to take over.
▪ He wanted to expand, so he went into partnership with some one he'd been doing business with.
▪ It is a partnership made in heaven.
▪ The partnership purchases workers' compensation and liability insurance, which reduces the bureaucratic burden on participating companies.
▪ Working in partnership with parents means being open about this possibility.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Partnership \Part"ner*ship\, n.

  1. The state or condition of being a partner; as, to be in partnership with another; to have partnership in the fortunes of a family or a state.

  2. A division or sharing among partners; joint possession or interest.

    Rome, that ne'er knew three lordly heads before, First fell by fatal partnership of power.

    He does possession keep, And is too wise to hazard partnership.

  3. An alliance or association of persons for the prosecution of an undertaking or a business on joint account; a company; a firm; a house; as, to form a partnership.

  4. (Law) A contract between two or more competent persons for joining together their money, goods, labor, and skill, or any or all of them, under an understanding that there shall be a communion of profit between them, and for the purpose of carrying on a legal trade, business, or adventure.

    Note: Community of profit is absolutely essential to, though not necessarily the test of, a partnership.

  5. (Arith.) See Fellowship, n.,

  6. Limited partnership, a form of partnership in which the firm consists of one or more general partners, jointly and severally responsible as ordinary partners, and one or more special partners, who are not liable for the debts of the partnership beyond the amount of cash they contribute as capital.

    Partnership in commendam, the title given to the limited partnership (F. soci['e]t['e] en commandit['e]) of the French law, introduced into the code of Louisiana.

    Silent partnership, the relation of partnership sustained by a person who furnishes capital only.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1570s, from partner (n.) + -ship. In the commercial sense from c.1700.


n. 1 The state of being associated with a partner. 2 An association of two or more people to conduct a business, 3 (context cricket English) The period when two specific batsmen are batting, from the fall of one wicket until the fall of the next; the number of runs scored during this period,

  1. n. the members of a business venture created by contract

  2. a contract between two or more persons who agree to pool talent and money and share profits or losses

Partnership (cricket)

In the sport of cricket, two batsmen always bat in partnership, although only one is on strike at any time. The partnership between two batsmen will come to an end when one of them is dismissed or retires, or the innings comes to a close (usually due to victory being achieved, a declaration, a time or over limit being reached, or the match being abandoned in mid-innings for inclement weather or, exceptionally, dangerous playing conditions). Various statistics may be used to describe a partnership, most notably the number of runs scored during it (either by the batsmen or as extras), the duration of the partnership both in time (usually quoted in minutes) and number of deliveries (balls) faced. Partnerships are often described as being for a particular wicket (for example, a "third wicket partnership", also called a "third wicket stand"—in this context, the "opening partnership" between the two opening batsmen is the "first wicket partnership"). This has the anomalous result that a partnership may be between more than two batsmen, if one of the original batsmen retires hurt but not out, since the particular numbered wicket will not have fallen yet.

Partnership (Hong Kong)

A partnership in Hong Kong is a business entity formed by the Partnerships Ordinance, which defines a partnership as "the relation between persons carrying on a business in common with a view of profit" and is not a joint stock company or an incorporated company. If the business entity registers with the Registrar of Companies it takes the form of a limited partnership defined in the Limited Partnerships Ordinance. However, if this business entity fails to register with the Registrar of Companies, then it becomes a general partnership as a default.

Partnership (China)

A partnership in the People's Republic of China is a business entity governed by the Partnership Enterprise Law passed by order of the President of the People's Republic of China to authorize and govern partnership enterprises. A partnership is a type of business entity in which partners share with each other the profits or losses of the business undertaking in which all have invested.


A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests. The partners in a partnership may be individuals, businesses, interest-based organizations, schools, governments or combinations. Organizations may partner together to increase the likelihood of each achieving their mission and to amplify their reach. A partnership may result in issuing and holding equity or may be only governed by a contract. Partnership agreements can be formed in the following areas:

  • Business: two or more companies join forces in a joint venture or a consortium to i) work on a project (e.g. industrial or research project) which would be too heavy or too risky for a single entity, ii) join forces to have a stronger position on the market, iii) comply with specific regulation (e.g. in some emerging countries, foreigners can only invest in the form of partnerships with local entrepreneurs). In this case, the alliance may be structured in a process comparable to a Mergers & Acquisitions transaction.
  • Politics (or geopolitics): In what is usually called an alliance, governments may partner to achieve their national interests, sometimes against allied governments holding contrary interests, as occurred during World War II and the Cold War.
  • Knowledge: In education, accrediting agencies increasingly evaluate schools, or universities, by the level and quality of their partnerships with local or international peers and a variety of other entities across societal sectors.
  • Individual: Some partnerships occur at personal levels, such as when two or more individuals agree to domicile together, while other partnerships are not only personal, but private, known only to the involved parties.

Partnerships present the involved parties with complex negotiation and special challenges that must be navigated unto agreement. Overarching goals, levels of give-and-take, areas of responsibility, lines of authority and succession, how success is evaluated and distributed, and often a variety of other factors must all be negotiated. Once agreement is reached, the partnership is typically enforceable by civil law, especially if well documented. Partners who wish to make their agreement affirmatively explicit and enforceable typically draw up Articles of Partnership. Trust and pragmatism are also essential as it cannot be expected that everything can be written in the initial partnership agreement, therefore quality governance and clear communication are critical success factors in the long run. It is common for information about formally partnered entities to be made public, such as through a press release, a newspaper ad, or public records laws.

While industrial partnerships stand to amplify mutual interests and accelerate success, some are collaboration may be considered ethically problematic. When a politician, for example, partners with a corporation to advance the latter's interest in exchange for some benefit, a conflict of interest results; consequentially, the public good may suffer. While technically legal in some jurisdictions, such practice is broadly viewed negatively or as corruption.

Governmentally recognized partnerships may enjoy special benefits in tax policies. Among developed countries, for example, business partnerships are often favored over corporations in taxation policy, since dividend taxes only occur on profit before they are distributed to the partners. However, depending on the partnership structure and the jurisdiction in which it operates, owners of a partnership may be exposed to greater personal liability than they would as shareholders of a corporation. In such countries, partnerships are often regulated via anti-trust laws, so as to inhibit monopolistic practices and foster free market competition. Enforcement of the laws, however, varies considerably. Domestic partnerships recognized by governments typically enjoy tax benefits, as well.

Partnership (Australia)

In Australia, each state has enacted legislation regarding partnerships.


Relevant Act


Partnership Act 1963


Partnership Act 1892


Partnership Act 1997


Partnership Act 1891


Partnership Act 1891


Partnership Act 1891


Partnership Act 1958


Partnership Act 1895

The definition of a partnership does not vary across jurisdictions, with each definition encompassing the following criteria in determining the existence of a partnership:

  • Valid Agreement between the parties;
  • To carry on a business - as opposed to a single or isolated transaction, which suggests a Joint venture.;
  • In Common - meaning there must be some mutuality of rights, agency, interests and obligations;
  • View to Profit - partnerships must form with a view to profit. Other business structures such as charities and sporting clubs do not seek to share profits and liabilities, and are thus treated differently under each state jurisdiction's respective Associations Incorporation Act.
Partnership (Fulton, Maryland)

Partnership, is a historic building constructed in Fulton, Maryland, in Howard County, although the land was part of Anne Arundel County at the time of the construction. The building was formerly one of the oldest in Howard County until its relocation in 1963 to Phoenix, Maryland in Baltimore County.

Partnership is a three-bay wide brick construction house with a gambrel roof. The bricks were created on-site, some with animal footprints imbedded.

In 1719, the land named Partnership was patented by Thomas Worthington (c. 1890–1753). A brick home was constructed on-site at what was a slave tobacco plantation. Worthington's daughter Katherine (1720–1788) took the property as part of a dowry to her marriage with Captain Nicholas Gassaway. Captain Gassaway (c. 1719–1755) resided on the property and estate in 1775 when he willed it to his son Brice John Gassaway (1755–1806). The house was bought by James Cox, then sold to Hamilton Moore in 1851. The house is best known as the Moore house, with Moore's granddaughter, Mrs. George Skaggs, owning it until 1960. The 700-acre farm was part of "Hell's Corner", with the southern boundary forming Scaggsville Road, and the post stop of Scaggsville, Maryland. The property was purchased by the Khrum family. In 1963, the property was purchased at the same time as large tracts of farmland were being assembled for the creation of The Rouse Company development Columbia. P.T. McHenry, the developer of Mooresfield single family homes sold the home to William W. Cooper for its relocation to Phoenix, Maryland, after the outbuildings were demolished.

The building was featured in the 1969 film adaptation of Helen Jean Burn's Nightmare's Child on Maryland Public Television.

Usage examples of "partnership".

The Donatello-Michelozzo partnership lasted until about 1433, drawing a number of lucrative commissions, including a magnificent tomb of the antipope John XXIII for the Baptistery in Florence, which was nearing completion in 1427.

Hoke McGee and Everett Everett Barr had run a carnival skin game in partnership, but that had been many years ago.

Something about poison and Belladonna and the dissolution of a partnership.

Lincoln Child, truly the better half of our belletristic partnership, for his excellent and most insightful criticism of the manuscript.

Then she made the suggestion to Ikey that she work without salary at his bookkeeping and that, in addition, she be allowed to open a brothel in Bell Alley in partnership with him.

I gave way to that feeling of false pride which so often causes the ruin of young men, and after losing four sequins I expressed a wish to retire, but my honest friend, the Jacobin contrived to make me risk four more sequins in partnership with him.

The only bright spot on the world horizon in January was the White House signing of a NATO partnership with the Baltic nations, which was designed to formalize our security relationship and reassure them that the ultimate goal of all the NATO nations, including the United States, was the full integration of Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia into NATO and other multilateral institutions.

Tyndall had brought the shocked and grieving Hennessys into Cossack, settled them into his small house and then broached the idea of going into partnership in a pearling lugger.

After supper I played, still in partnership with her, won again, and went away very much in love.

He used considerable subtlety in reaching his objective, which was information about Elmer Rait, an American of Columbus, Ohio, with whom I went to school, and with whom I was for several years in partnership until I decided it was not worth while to try to continue to get along with him.

And if You complained or insulted the Management Committee, they lould make repurchase of the partnership interest very difficult, stretching Out the repurchase period over many years and negotiating and renegotiating the purchase price downward as you needed the cash.

He and Scatty are going into partnership if ever you get tired of him.

Field blacksmith, had gone into partnership with a Domani cutler and a whitesmith from Almoth Plain, and Master Aydaer had hired three men and two women who knew furniture making and carving, and gilding as well, though there certainly was no gold lying about for that.

That he had been blessed in a partnership with one of the most exceptional women of her time, Adams never doubted.

Beatles were not even aware that this partnership document existed until Klein found it, but in any case, these clauses in the partnership agreement had been regularly broken, mostly by John, who had performed with the Plastic Ono Band and released several albums with Yoko.