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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a corruption scandal (=involving illegal payments)
▪ a major police corruption scandal
allegations of corruption/fraud/misconduct etc
▪ Mr Singh has strongly denied the allegations of sexual harassment.
bribery and corruption (=bribery and dishonest behaviour)
▪ He was found guilty of bribery and corruption.
▪ The legacy of the Duvalierist years included endemic corruption and vast ecological damage.
▪ The endemic corruption and absence of economic reform have scared away foreign investors.
▪ Arrests were also reported of members of a major network of financial corruption involving the falsification of official documents.
▪ Post-coup inquiries revealed widespread financial corruption.
▪ Investigations into other cases of financial corruption resulted in a series of arrests among senior industry figures.
▪ Polisario sources claimed that in a recent internal investigation he had been found guilty of corruption and diversion of funds.
▪ I do not find it necessary to reach any conclusion on the question whether a local authority can be guilty of corruption.
▪ High unemployment, non-payment of state wages and pensions and official cronyism and corruption will all be election issues.
▪ The latitude for administrative discretion in individual cases surely encouraged rather than checked official corruption.
▪ However, in January the military pushed the button for an official investigation of corruption in the ministry of energy.
▪ Integrity provides protection against partiality or deceit or other forms of official corruption, for example.
▪ This bitter complaint and reference to lavish party practices and official corruption was to grow louder over the year.
▪ In 1965 Ferdinand Marcos became President and retained power thereafter through the increasing use of political corruption and coercion.
▪ Already, voters seem to think political corruption is rampant.
▪ The pact was ostensibly motivated by a desire to eradicate political dynasties and corruption in favour of political renovation and democratic change.
▪ Hot or not: Good cast, good creative team; a suspense story about political corruption always seems to be topical.
▪ The reasons they switched their allegiance included anxiety about globalisation, a rejection of political corruption and fear of immigration.
▪ Nor has the return to political orthodoxy reduced corruption.
▪ In their battle against public corruption, the Progressives slapped controls on everything they could.
▪ He had been a public corruption prosecutor, a D.C.
▪ Post-coup inquiries revealed widespread financial corruption.
▪ This money helped to fuel the widespread corruption that has been so glaring under the Yeltsin regime.
▪ The general demoralization of Soviet society during the Brezhnev period affected the militia also and by the 1980s widespread corruption was reported.
▪ They were determined to stop the widespread corruption that had discredited government contracting.
▪ There has been widespread corruption in the ivory trade.
▪ He said those efforts were plagued by widespread corruption and official indifference.
▪ Despite widespread violence and corruption, Leslie Manigat was declared the winner and was inaugurated on Feb 7.
▪ For the council's works committee is to consider taking disciplinary action against employees who made serious corruption allegations against senior officials.
▪ The regional attorney general's office is investigating corruption allegations against the university's former rector that involve millions of dollars.
▪ There will also be further reforms in the banking sector, plagued by corruption allegations.
▪ For months the Yeltsin family has been at the centre of corruption allegations.
▪ The mayor, Pietro Giubilo, had to quit in the face of corruption allegations involving companies linked to Communion and Liberation.
▪ This was the latest in a series of corruption cases involving Arizona.
▪ Last weekend officials formally registered a corruption case against him.
▪ The former president's brother, Raul, is in prison on a murder conviction and corruption charges.
▪ The seven tax fraud charges were only the first of many corruption charges expected to be filed against Marcos and her children.
▪ Nano, imprisoned on what he insists were trumped-up corruption charges, was freed as the disorders heated up.
▪ The Supreme Court was due to rule whether he must face impeachment proceedings on corruption charges.
▪ It was reported that he would be tried by a military court on corruption charges and for plotting an alleged coup.
▪ Its managing director, Enzo Papi, is awaiting trial on corruption charges.
▪ Mr Perez was unpopular long before the current corruption charges were made.
▪ He says drug corruption is now so prevalent that it has tainted the assembly, the courts, and press and television.
▪ Another exploded at the attorney-general's office hours after Tommy Suharto had been questioned in connection with a corruption investigation.
▪ Regardless, Zhu's speech provided a fascinating vantage point on the corruption problem facing the Communist Party.
▪ We have a severe corruption problem in Douglas.
▪ Anti-corruption investigators have noted growing corruption problems in El Paso.
▪ A dozen of the company's senior executives have been caught up in the country's ever-widening corruption scandal.
▪ That's why these corruption scandals deserve our attention.
▪ The government has been plagued by repeated corruption scandals.
▪ However, the most disturbing corruption scandals have concerned not politicians but sportsmen.
▪ One idea is to revive a bill put forward in 1991, in the wake of a previous corruption scandal.
▪ Air Force corruption scandal Brig. -Gen.
▪ Blasting through the grey language that usually cloaks such matters he accuses the Fund of corruption, self-interest and deceit.
▪ All four outgoing ministers had been accused of corruption and influence-peddling.
▪ All the past five sheriffs of this suburban county near Atlanta have been accused of corruption or abuse of office.
▪ He tried to impeach Mr Premadasa, accusing the president of corruption.
▪ He also launched a bitter attack on the judiciary, accusing it of corruption.
▪ Then, on top of the craziness and alleged corruption, populist Bucaram last month announced an economic austerity program.
▪ Despite government promises of firm action, no official had to date been convicted of corruption.
▪ Three Customs officers there have been convicted of drug-related corruption since 1994.
▪ His immediate focus is on eliminating high-level corruption and reducing violent crime.
▪ If it costs far more to eliminate corruption than we save by doing so, is it worth the expense?
▪ This measure was intended to eliminate corruption and prevent unrecoverable loans being passed on to the Central Bank.
▪ At a stroke, this would eliminate academic corruption while benefiting the athletes.
▪ When the feud broke out into the open, it exposed a slew of corruption charges from both camps.
▪ It comprehends probes into departments of the Federal Government to expose corruption, inefficiency or waste.
▪ The Supreme Court was due to rule whether he must face impeachment proceedings on corruption charges.
▪ Former justice minister Tzahi Hanegbi faces indictment on corruption charges.
▪ Generals Roh and Chun now face charges of corruption and of allegedly masterminding a 1979 coup that brought them to power.
▪ For a start, they are likely to face charges of corruption and electoral fraud.
▪ He exhorted delegates to fight corruption, bureaucracy and incompetence.
▪ He said the plans form part of a nationwide battle Fox has launched to fight corruption and crime.
▪ Other problems included growing unemployment, serious corruption, a shortage of water and environmental deterioration.
▪ Anti-corruption investigators have noted growing corruption problems in El Paso.
▪ A growing corruption scandal involving the Elf oil company claimed its highest-ranking victim to date.
▪ The regional attorney general's office is investigating corruption allegations against the university's former rector that involve millions of dollars.
▪ But the councils have the power to investigate corruption and run their own radio and television stations.
▪ Arrests were also reported of members of a major network of financial corruption involving the falsification of official documents.
▪ This was the latest in a series of corruption cases involving Arizona.
▪ The mayor, Pietro Giubilo, had to quit in the face of corruption allegations involving companies linked to Communion and Liberation.
▪ A growing corruption scandal involving the Elf oil company claimed its highest-ranking victim to date.
▪ Sir Robert Mark's campaign to root out corruption in the Metropolitan Police is well known.
▪ The ruling Kuomintang is desperately in need of reform, including rooting out blatant corruption and severing gangland ties.
▪ It requires investment in good governance and tackling petty corruption.
▪ Neither is Mr Kim yet ready to tackle corruption in business.
▪ Some progress has been made since 1999 in tackling corruption and restoring order to the country's indebted economy.
▪ On the one hand, the Socialists say they will tackle corruption by introducing a new law on party financing.
▪ Lord Condon has made 24 recommendations on how to tackle corruption.
▪ The former general campaigned on two policies: cracking down on crime and tackling corruption.
Corruption has become so widespread there that you almost can't imagine the system working without it.
▪ The administration has frequently been accused of corruption and abuse of power.
▪ The chief of police was forced to resign after allegations of corruption.
▪ The country's government has been accused of corruption and abuse of power.
▪ The play is about the gradual corruption of a scientist.
▪ The word Thursday is a corruption of Thor's Day.
▪ Enter Sister Christine, a veteran campaigner against injustice and corruption.
▪ It was even suggested that a moderate degree of corruption was tolerable if the economy continued to grow.
▪ The result: a perpetual cement famine, official rationing and enormous corruption.
▪ The society had become so perverted by power and corruption that honest people were considered to be stupid.
▪ We have a severe corruption problem in Douglas.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Corruption \Cor*rup"tion\ (k?r-r?p"sh?n), n. [F. corruption, L. corruptio.]

  1. The act of corrupting or making putrid, or state of being corrupt or putrid; decomposition or disorganization, in the process of putrefaction; putrefaction; deterioration.

    The inducing and accelerating of putrefaction is a subject of very universal inquiry; for corruption is a reciprocal to ``generation''.

  2. The product of corruption; putrid matter.

  3. The act of corrupting or of impairing integrity, virtue, or moral principle; the state of being corrupted or debased; loss of purity or integrity; depravity; wickedness; impurity; bribery.

    It was necessary, by exposing the gross corruptions of monasteries, . . . to exite popular indignation against them.

    They abstained from some of the worst methods of corruption usual to their party in its earlier days.

    Note: Corruption, when applied to officers, trustees, etc., signifies the inducing a violation of duty by means of pecuniary considerations.

  4. The act of changing, or of being changed, for the worse; departure from what is pure, simple, or correct; as, a corruption of style; corruption in language.

    Corruption of blood (Law), taint or impurity of blood, in consequence of an act of attainder of treason or felony, by which a person is disabled from inheriting any estate or from transmitting it to others.

    Corruption of blood can be removed only by act of Parliament.

    Syn: Putrescence; putrefaction; defilement; contamination; deprivation; debasement; adulteration; depravity; taint. See Depravity.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

mid-14c., of material things, especially dead bodies, also of the soul, morals, etc., from Latin corruptionem (nominative corruptio), noun of action from past participle stem of corrumpere (see corrupt). Of public offices from early 15c.; of language from late 15c.


n. The act of corrupting or of impairing integrity, virtue, or moral principle; the state of being corrupted or debased; loss of purity or integrity; depravity; wickedness; impurity; bribery.

  1. n. lack of integrity or honesty (especially susceptibility to bribery); use of a position of trust for dishonest gain [syn: corruptness] [ant: incorruptness]

  2. in a state of progressive putrefaction [syn: putrescence, putridness, rottenness]

  3. decay of matter (as by rot or oxidation)

  4. moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles; "the luxury and corruption among the upper classes"; "moral degeneracy followed intellectual degeneration"; "its brothels; its opium parlors; its depravity" [syn: degeneracy, depravity]

  5. destroying someone's (or some group's) honesty or loyalty; undermining moral integrity; "corruption of a minor"; "the big city's subversion of rural innocence" [syn: subversion]

  6. inducement (as of a public official) by improper means (as bribery) to violate duty (as by commiting a felony); "he was held on charges of corruption and racketeering"

Corruption (disambiguation)

Corruption is the abuse of power for personal gain.

Corruption may also refer to:

Corruption (linguistics)

Corruption or bastardisation refer to the idea that language change constitutes a degradation in the quality of a language, especially when the change originates historically from human error or prescriptively discouraged usage. Descriptive linguistics typically does not support this concept, since from a scientific point of view such changes are neither good nor bad.

Words are commonly said to be "corrupted" or "bastardized" if they undergo a change in spelling or pronunciation when borrowed from one language to another (e.g. " Cajun" [from " Acadian"]). This example illustrates that normal phonological developments (in this case, palatalization of /dj/ to /dʒ/) can be labeled by some as "corruption", a position which demands that any language change from a previous state be thus labeled. In this view, English would be a "corruption" of Proto-Germanic, the Romance languages would be "corruptions" of Latin, and Latin would ultimately be a "corruption" of Proto-Indo-European.

Language corruption may refer to a change in words, as described above, or to a deviation from the so-called "purity" of standard language. For example, the split infinitive has long been disputed as either a corruption or norm of the English language, even though the concept of the English infinitive containing the preposition "to" is challenged by usage with modals (can, shall, must, etc.) which precludes employing to. A language (or a certain variety of it) can also come to be regarded as having become "corrupted" if it has acquired a large vocabulary from other languages. This terminology is highly frowned upon by most academic linguists, as the adoption of loan words is a normal process which has no effect on the functionality of the language. Labeling a language as "corrupted" is a subjective value judgement which often leads to linguistic discrimination.

Text bastardisation refers to an unrelated process, namely the alteration and publication of a text in a way inconsistent with the original purpose or the author's intention. In cases which involve the removal of allegedly "inappropriate" content from a work, this is also known as bowdlerization.

Corruption (1968 film)

Corruption is a 1968 British film directed by Robert Hartford-Davis, from a screenplay by Derek Ford and Donald Ford, and featuring Peter Cushing, Sue Lloyd, Noel Trevarthen, Kate O'Mara, David Lodge, Antony Booth, Wendy Varnals, Billy Murray, and Vanessa Howard. Corruption stars horror icon Peter Cushing in a shocking and atypically villainous role as a homicidal doctor.


Corruption is a form of dishonest or unethical conduct by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit. Corruption may include many activities including bribery and embezzlement, though it may also involve practices that are legal in many countries. Government, or 'political', corruption occurs when an office-holder or other governmental employee acts in an official capacity for personal gain.

Stephen D. Morris, a professor of politics, writes that [political] corruption is the illegitimate use of public power to benefit a private interest.

Economist Ian Senior defines corruption as an action to (a) secretly provide (b) a good or a service to a third party (c) so that he or she can influence certain actions which (d) benefit the corrupt, a third party, or both (e) in which the corrupt agent has authority. Daniel Kaufmann, from the World Bank, extends the concept to include 'legal corruption' in which power is abused within the confines of the law — as those with power often have the ability to make laws for their protection.

Corruption (1933 film)

Corruption is a 1933 American Pre-Code film directed by Charles E. Roberts. The film is also known as Double Exposure in the United Kingdom.

Corruption (interactive fiction)

Corruption is a text adventure game by Magnetic Scrolls released in . In this game, a successful stockbroker suddenly finds himself embroiled in a world of crime and danger.

Corruption (1963 film)

Corruption is a 1963 Italian drama film directed by Mauro Bolognini.

Usage examples of "corruption".

Greeks might be justly foreseen, he adopts the two effectual methods of corruption and education.

Originally it was a corruption of a term expressing enmity or contempt, applied to a part of the plains tribes by the forest-dwelling Algonquian Indians.

Ouemessourit, probably a corruption of their name by the Illinois tribe, with the characteristic Algonquian prefix.

The barrelhouse was such a den of corruption she could not see how she was ever to escape it.

The stench of rotting meat flowed forth from the heart of the tree, now a nest of the blackest corruption.

Chain one who lives, and breathes this boundless air, To the corruption of a closed grave!

Almost every resident in the country has a carriage they call a carryall, which name I suspect to be a corruption of the cariole so often mentioned in the pretty Canadian story of Emily Montagu.

It was the same with Chito Valle, the ex-prefect ofLa Paz, who was fired from parliament for corruption.

Second, we should understand corruption also in metaphysical terms: where the entity and essence, effectiveness and value, do not find common satisfaction, there develops not generation but corruption.

Throughout his reading of Polybius in the Discourses, Machiavelli insists on the necessity that the Republic expand so as not to fall into corruption.

From top to bottom, corruption, absenteeism and featherbedding were rampant.

The rivers of crimson corruption suddenly stopped their flows, freezing in place.

Xandria, despite its vastness in human terms, of any significant size by comparison with the extent of the recently fallen empire of the drago mites Perhaps Fraxinus was wrong to see this happening as an opportunity, Andris thought, as he guided his stolen but ever- faithful mare around a sticky pit of black corruption.

For while we are well aware of our mortality, your Greeklings believe that you are a god, even if we well know that you are mortal and subject to human corruption.

Their language today was basically a corruption of English, although it included much of the noncommon languages of the early settlers, including Hindi, Urdu, Ibo, Arabic, Amharic, Bantu, and Flemish, to name some of them.